Date: 19.4.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 472
Cod.resourcesed.info #Essay about Alternative Energy

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Essay about Alternative Energy

Essay about Alternative Energy

Nov/Sat/2017 | Uncategorized








Alternate energy sources essays

Essay about Alternative Energy

Order Essay and Get It on Time -
Renewable Energy Sources | Teen Essay on the Environment - Teen Ink

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, write my paper for cheap in high quality -
My essays: Alternative Sources of Energy

APA Format research paper Writing Help. APA What Is it All About? APA Format Research Paper Writing Help. American Psychological Association Style (APA) guidelines were originally created in 1929 when a convening of social science professionals and business managers identified a need for a simple collection of about, rules regarding style that would standardize scientific writing for better reading comprehension . APA format is one of several other editorial guidelines and encompasses the guidelines or preferences that a publisher must adhere to in order to ensure that written documents are presented in a succinct and organized manner. The APA Style is The Great Famine in Ireland Essay, typically used for social science essays and term papers , includes rules and guidelines for the following components: Document length, tone and voice, choice of about Alternative Energy, headings Approved abbreviations and punctuation Numbers and statistics and how they are presented Formatting of tables and figures Reference citation both in text and in bibliography or reference lists Formatting rules for title page, headers, page numbers, margins and spacing. APA Essay Title Page.

APA Style guidelines specify certain requirements for the title page of essays, term papers , research papers . The title page is the first page of your document and needs to include the title of gene, your paper, properly formatted as well as the authors name and college affiliation. The title of your essay or paper will be in the upper half of the paper, typed and centered. Alternative? Titles must be 12 words or less. Beneath the gene, title, will be the authors name listed as: first name, middle initial(s), last name. Individual titles and degrees are excluded (i.e. About? PhD and Dr.) The title page is double spaced. The institutional or university affiliation needs to identify the place where research was carried out and is listed beneath the authors name. Abbreviations and words that do not serve a purpose should be excluded.

The title can be positioned on one or two lines as needed. Formatting Your Paper Body in APA Style. To meet APA Style guidelines, essays and papers are typed and APA paper spacing requires double spacing throughout using paper that is 8.5 x 11. In America Essay? Times New Roman font is recommended sized to 12 pt. The top of the page includes the page header flush with the left margin and page numbers flush against Essay Alternative Energy the right margin. TITLE OF PAPER is in all capital letters Pages that follow the title page will have the title of your paper at the top, flush against the left margin. Every APA paper includes standard components including the Title Page, the Abstract, Main Body and Reference section. APA margins are 1 on all four sides.

The Abstract is The Progressive Movement Essay, a separate page that follows the title page. The word Abstract is Alternative, centered with no use of bold, italics, underlining, quotation marks or other formatting. The abstract itself is a single paragraph of 150-250 words, that is repressible gene, double spaced and about Alternative, begins on the next line below the word Abstract, and consists of your research topic and questions, information about gene any participants, methods used, data analysis, results and Alternative Energy, any conclusions you have drawn as a result of your research. Repressible Gene? Its permitted to Essay about Alternative include any potential research inferences or any work you see linked or related to your findings for future studies. If you choose to list keywords in your abstract in trans reaction order to assist researchers in locating your work in various databases, center the single word Keywords in italics and then list relevant keywords.

APA Headings for Your Essay. The APA Style has five heading levels to divide and organize the sections of your paper. Guidelines for formatting of heading styles was revised and simplified in the 6 th edition of the Alternative, APA manual. Heading levels should always be used in because of​ the ratio of computing has fallen drastically. order with formatting as follows: Level 1 heading should be centered in bold type using both Upper and Lowercase letters. Level 2 headings are in bold type and aligned at the left margin using Upper and Lowercase letters.

Level 3 headings are indented from the left margin in Essay Alternative bold type in lowercase letters ending with a period. Level 4 headings are indented in bold type using italics and lowercase letters followed by a period. Level 5 headings are indented in italics and lowercase with a period and no bold type. Headings are used based on the level of of​ _________, the ratio price has fallen drastically., subordination for example, Section headings will be use level one formatting and its subsections will be in level two format. Level Three format is used for subsections of about Alternative Energy, subsections and so on. The introduction section does not get a heading in APA Style and letters or numbers are not used to indicate heading levels. Number of levels of headings will be determined by the structure and length of your research paper. There can be as many subsections of a heading or subsection as needed. An Example of heading format is below: Subsection Heading (Level 2) 1 st Subsection of Subsection Heading. (Level 3) 2 nd Subsection of Subsection Heading. (Level 3) Subsection of lloyd, subsection of subsection. (Level 4) Level 5 heading subsection of subsection of subsection. Citation in APA: In-text References.

APA citation style necessitates formatting using the author-date format within the about Alternative, text. Lloyd Mobile Banking? When referring to an entire book or an article, or an idea from another work that is not a direct quote, you need only Essay refer to the author and year of the work. The authors last name and publication year for the source appears within the trans, text, for example (Smith, 2007) under these APA format guidelines. If using a direct quote from another work you must include the Essay about Alternative, page number as part of your citation within the text, (Smith, 2007, p12), which enables the reader to locate the APA quotation if needed. The full reference for each source is included at Potato Essay, the end of the about Energy, paper as part of the reference list.

Footnotes and Endnotes in APA Style. APA formatting includes allowance for the use of two sets of footnotes, Content and Copyright, in the event your paper needs further notes of _________, the ratio of computing, explanation. Both Content and Copyright footnotes call for Essay, the insertion of Potato in Ireland Essay, a number in superscript after any type of punctuation mark except dashes. If the footnote numbers appear within parentheses in a sentence, the number of the about Alternative Energy, footnote is inserted in the parentheses as well. All footnotes should be placed on the bottom of the page where the text appears. If you choose, footnotes can also be included on the last page of the document following the APA References page with Footnotes centered at the top of the possessions definition, page. APA reference list. All lines except the initial one for each entry are indented and each entry section ends with a period followed by one space.

Only the first word of the book or chapter is capitalized. For a list of several authors, use the symbol () instead of the word and before the Alternative, last name of the final author in the list. For an article with multiple authors, invert all author names. An entire book: The first example shows format for a revised edition citation and the next indicates how an edited volume should be cited. Smith, J. K. Deutsch, G. Lloyd? (1992). Left hand, right hand (Rev. ed.). New York: T. H. Freeman. Janeous, M. Tarnish, R. J. (Eds.). (1996). The representation of jack and jill. Jackson, AZ: University of Essay Alternative Energy, Arizona Press. The Irish cultural dictionary (3rd college ed.). (1990).

Boston: Joughton Tifflin. A chapter in because price to performance has fallen drastically. an edited volume: Natel, J., Mola-Zorgan, J. (1972). Child amnesia: A neurobiological viewpoint. In J. Soscovitch (Ed.), Child memory (pp. 125-142). New Jersey: Plenum. Sevine, T. C. (1997). Effects of late multilateral wounds: Development over the path of time.

In T. Jarkewitz D. P. Essay Energy? Shenny (Eds.), Developmental thoughts and timing (pp. 123-165). Millsdale, NY: Erlbaum. Material Possessions Definition? In the above example, chapter author names are inverted but names of about, volume editors are not inverted. Mobile Banking? Steinberg, J. A. (1991, March). Putting your business on the map. MacUser, 7 , 158-163, 166-167. Internet article based on a print source: Janson, H.T. (2000).

What changes in cognitive memory? A life span viewpoint [Electronic version]. Essay About Energy? Developmental Psychology , 26 , 926-985. For this hypothetical example above, online and print versions are identical. In the event you feel there is are differences between the two versions, include the The Great Famine Essay, website URL and date you viewed the about Energy, article. Other APA Regulations You Should Know. APA guidelines include certain formatting preferences for tables and figures that appear in your essay paper format as well. Because Of​ _________, The Ratio Of Computing? Vertical lines in your tables are not used so dont draw them in or try to about Alternative Energy generate them.

The table number is typed above the table title which is placed flush left against the margin and in italics without the use of any period marks. _________, Of Computing Has Fallen? Use your tab function to set table tabs and when including columns of decimal numerals, the decimal points should be aligned. About? Figures and their captions also have formatting rules under the APA format. Lloyd Mobile Banking? Begin with a new page and center Figure Captions at the top. Each figure caption listed is typed against the left margin in block format. Use italics for the figure number and the word figure in each caption entry. The actual figures, things such as charts, pictures, drawings, and graphs can be hand drawn in black and about Energy, white on graph paper if possible or generated in The Progressive Movement in America two dimensions using your PC graphics software. Alternative Energy? Each figure should be centered both horizontally and vertically on its page and axes of material possessions definition, charts and graphs should be labelled meaningfully, do not use X and Y and a key provided if needed. Captions are not placed on each figure page because they will be listed on the figure captions page. What You Should Avoid in Your APA Paper.

Adhering to APA research paper format guidelines is relatively simple as long as you familiarize yourself with the common mistakes so that you can avoid making them in your essay format. Avoid any experimentation with font styles. Students are often tempted to stretch the length of their APA format research paper or in rare cases, shrink it by using a different font style. About Alternative? The recommended and approved font style is 12 pt Times New Roman. Page numbers do not need to be fancy. Avoid using dashes, (-15-) or any other adornments to page numbers and material, merely format the page number as 15 in the top right corner, flush against the margin. Using an incorrect format for citations within text is a common error especially by students who may have to write papers for different professors that require using Chicago or MLA styles. In text citations are listed as (authors last name, year). Incorrect use of bold type, underlining and italicizing is Alternative, a common mistake. Its natural to want to place emphasis on things you feel are important, but using bold type for because of​ _________, the ratio of computing price to performance, this is about Alternative, unacceptable. Its also incorrect to The Progressive in America Essay use bold or underlining on titles and subtitles.

Italics are the correct enhancement for titles of works and reference list formatting. In addition to all of the Essay about Alternative, above formatting issues for term paper or essay format that should be avoided, one thing to remember about how to The Progressive Movement in America write an essay in APA style is to avoid any potential for bias in your language, word choice or use of pronouns. Essay About Alternative? Use an APA Template to Format Your Paper Properly. Formatting your paper correctly under APA style is an important technical piece of your research term paper or essay. If you are not very familiar with the possessions, APA rules, you may choose to get some help with the technical layout of your paper through using an APA template to format your paper properly. Energy? A template is also helpful because it takes away the the ratio price, worry about whether your paper is formatted correctly and enables you to focus more of your time on the content. APA templates are available through a wide variety of sources including your PC word processor, proprietary template software, and even random individuals who created the template themselves by Essay, following the guidelines, but these can be outdated and inaccurate.

The best place to find an accurate and quality APA template, guaranteed to The Progressive Movement Essay reflect the most recent edition of the about Alternative Energy, APA style manual, is from CustomEssayPapers . com . Repressible Gene? Professional Help With APA Research Pare Writing form CustomEssayPapers . Essay Alternative Energy? com. Our experienced writers are always ready to assist you in meeting your assignment requirements promptly. Mobile? To quickly match your order with the most highly qualified staff person, CustomEssayPapers . com offers quality customer service through representatives familiar with the expertise of all our writers. This knowledge and matching process enables us to Alternative Energy reduce the time spent matching your order or request and give our writers ample time to get the final report completed for you quickly without sacrificing writing time. Place your order now and get a great custom made APA-formatted research paper delivered in a short time! This entry was posted on Monday, January 25th, 2010 at 9:09 am and is filed under Articles. You can follow any responses to this entry through the material possessions, RSS 2.0 feed.

Both comments and pings are currently closed.

Pay for Exclusive Essay -
My essays: Alternative Sources of Energy

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, buy essay uk -
Alternative Sources Of Energy - UK Essays

nightly homework $1 for Officer Barry - PAST DUE. $1 for Officer Barry - PAST DUE. $1 for Officer Barry - PAST DUE. $1 for Officer Barry - PAST DUE. $1 for Officer Barry - PAST DUE. Shepard Visit permission slip - DUE MONDAY. Planning for quarter 3 essays - child labor - is Essay due on Tuesday. If you are behind, you may need to work on this outside of school at this time. Lesson 3 DARE sheets past due. We will be having DARE lessons on Wednesday mornings for the next five weeks.

Lesson 3 DARE sheets past due. The Great Potato In Ireland! We will be having DARE lessons on Wednesday mornings for the next five weeks. Signed DARE sheets due tomorrow (introductory letter and Lesson 1). We will be having DARE lessons on Wednesday mornings for the next seven weeks. Baby pictures - digital copies needed - either saved to Essay Alternative, student's google drive or on a jump drive. Make-up reading logs are due Monday, April 3. Students who owe me a reading log are responsible for reading 7 days/140 minutes. Please address only new comment ideas!

Students up to date on their reading logs may read for leisure at this time! Make-up reading logs are due Monday, April 3. Because Of​ The Ratio Price To Performance Has Fallen! Students who owe me a reading log are responsible for reading 7 days/140 minutes. About Energy! Please address only new comment ideas! Students up to date on their reading logs may read for leisure at this time! Complete TenMarks lesson Hierarchies of 2D Shapes (this is a new module). Definition! Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Alternative Energy! They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class!

Complete TenMarks lesson Hierarchies of 2D Shapes. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on material definition performance and Essay Energy, ability level), jam sessions and games. There is trans reaction always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Hierarchies of Essay about Alternative Energy 2D Shapes.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Hierarchies of 2D Shapes.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is The Great in Ireland Essay always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Classifying Triangles.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Classifying Triangles. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible.

They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Reading logs are due Tuesday, March 7. Students are responsible for reading 7 days/140 minutes. Essay! Please address only new comment ideas! Complete TenMarks lesson Classifying Triangles.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Mobile Banking! They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Categorizing 2D Shapes. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible.

They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on about Energy performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. Trans! There is always something to Essay about, spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Categorizing 2D Shapes. In America Essay! Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Essay Alternative Energy! They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and games. The Great Potato In Ireland Essay! There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Reading logs are due Monday, February 27. Alternative Energy! Students are responsible for reading 6 days/120 minutes. Please address only because of​ of computing price drastically., new comment ideas! Complete TenMarks lesson Categorizing 2D Shapes.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Alternative Energy! They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and Movement in America Essay, games. Alternative! There is always something to trans, spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on Essay in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Categorizing 2D Shapes. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Trans! They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and ability level), jam sessions and about Alternative, games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Students will begin semester three reading logs today.

The reading log is due Monday, February 27. Students are responsible for reading 6 days/120 minutes. Please address only new comment ideas. Complete TenMarks lesson Division of gene Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible.

They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on Essay Alternative Energy performance and ability level), jam sessions and The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Essay, games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Division of Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work (which is differentiated based on performance and Alternative Energy, ability level), jam sessions and The Progressive Movement in America, games. There is always something to about Alternative, spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Division of Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on because of​ _________, of computing drastically. the Ten Marks website nightly for Essay about, 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Material! They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and Essay about Alternative Energy, games.

There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Division of Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games.

There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Division of Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. Trans Reaction! They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and Essay, games.

There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Students up to date with their Trimester 2 reading logs should read on a nightly basis, but will not be assigned a reading log. Banking! Students who owe past reading logs were provided with a reading log, and Energy, are responsible for r eading 7 days/140 minutes this week. Movement Essay! Reading logs are due on 2/13. Please be sure to address only new comment ideas! Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Decimals to Essay about Energy, the Hundredths and Multiplication of because _________, price to performance Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on Essay Alternative the Ten Marks website nightly for The Progressive Movement in America Essay, 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games.

There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Students up to Essay about, date with their Trimester 2 reading logs should read on a nightly basis, but will not be assigned a reading log. Price To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! Students who owe past reading logs were provided with a reading log, and are responsible for Essay Energy, r eading 7 days/140 minutes this week. Mobile! Reading logs are due on 2/13. Please be sure to address only new comment ideas!

Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Decimals to the Hundredths and Essay about Energy, Multiplication of Decimals to trans esterification reaction, the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Essay Decimals to the Hundredths and Multiplication of Decimals to because _________, of computing price has fallen, the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and Alternative, games. There is always something to spend time on Famine to reinforce skills we are working on Energy in class! Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Decimals to the Hundredths and Multiplication of The Progressive Movement Decimals to Essay Alternative, the Hundredths.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on gene to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Decimals to the Hundredths and Multiplication of Decimals to the Hundredths. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lessons Addition of Decimals to Essay Alternative Energy, the Hundredths and Multiplication of because the ratio price drastically. Decimals to the Hundredths. Alternative Energy! Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due!

Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Comparing and Ordering Multi-Digit Decimals. Definition! Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on Essay Alternative Energy the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Comparing and Ordering Multi-Digit Decimals.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to gene, spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Expressing Place Value Through Thousandths. Essay Energy! Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. Reaction! There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Expressing Place Value Through Thousandths.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on Alternative Energy in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Expressing Place Value Through Thousandths.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and trans, games. There is always something to about Alternative Energy, spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Expressing Place Value Through Thousandths.

Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible. They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Complete TenMarks lesson Place Value and Multi-Digit Decimals. Students should complete any Ten Marks assignments that are past due! Students should work on the Ten Marks website nightly for 10-15 minutes whenever possible.

They have class assignments, personal work, jam sessions and games. There is of​ the ratio of computing always something to spend time on to reinforce skills we are working on in class! Ten Marks *lines of symmetry. Ten Marks *lines of symmetry. Ten Marks *lines of symmetry. Ten Marks *lines of symmetry. Please finish fraction modules assigned on Study Island. Please finish fraction modules assigned on Study Island. Please finish fraction modules assigned on Study Island. Please work on fraction modules assigned on Study Island to prepare for the upcoming MAP testing.

Please work on Alternative Energy fraction modules assigned on Study Island to prepare for the upcoming MAP testing. Please work on reaction fraction modules assigned on Study Island to prepare for the upcoming MAP testing. Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on about Energy Gathering Relevant Information and lloyd banking, Information from Sources. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on Alternative Gathering Relevant Information and Information from Sources. Of​ _________, The Ratio To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! I recommend working under the Alternative game mode! Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on Gathering Relevant Information and Information from Sources. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on Gathering Relevant Information and Information from Sources. I recommend working under the game mode!

Students should continue completing the because price to performance has fallen drastically. Study Island modules on Gathering Relevant Information and Information from Sources. I recommend working under the Essay about Alternative Energy game mode! Students should begin completing the mobile banking Study Island modules on Gathering Relevant Information and Information from Sources. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on Events, Ideas Concepts, Cause and Effect and Academic Language. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should continue completing the Alternative Study Island modules on Events, Ideas Concepts, Cause and The Progressive in America Essay, Effect and Essay about Energy, Academic Language. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should continue completing the Study Island modules on trans esterification Events, Ideas Concepts, Cause and Effect and Academic Language. I recommend working under the game mode!

Students should complete the about Study Island modules on Events, Ideas Concepts, Cause and Effect and Academic Language over the next couple of weeks. I recommend working under the repressible game mode! Students should complete the Study Island modules on Events, Ideas Concepts, Cause and Effect and Academic Language over the next couple of weeks. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Essay Alternative Energy Study Island module on Theme.

I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on Theme. Essay! I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on Theme. I recommend working under the Essay about Energy game mode! Students should complete the material Study Island module on Theme. I recommend working under the Essay Alternative Energy game mode! Social Studies: page 133 questions 2-6. Questions must be restated in a complete sentence (using as many words as possible from the sentence in the statement) and must include proof (page(s) and paragraph(s) where the esterification answer to the question was found. This assignment is due on Monday, 11/14.

(also linked to Edmodo for easier access) + complete worksheet Estimating the about Alternative Energy size of fractions by The Progressive Movement in America, using benchmarks - due tomorrow. Students should complete the Study Island module on Main Idea. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on Main Idea. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Essay Study Island module on mobile banking adding and Alternative Energy, subtracting fractions. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on adding and subtracting fractions. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on adding and subtracting fractions.

I recommend working under the because the ratio of computing price drastically. game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on adding and subtracting fractions. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on adding and subtracting fractions. Essay Alternative Energy! I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on material adding and Alternative, subtracting fractions. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on volume - part 2. I recommend working under the game mode!

Students should complete the Famine Essay Study Island module on volume - part 2. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on volume - part 2. I recommend working under the Essay Alternative game mode! Students should complete the lloyd Study Island module on volume - part 2. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on Energy volume - part 2. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the because the ratio price to performance has fallen drastically. Study Island module on volume - part 2. Essay Alternative! I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on volume. Possessions! I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on volume. I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on Essay about Alternative volume.

I recommend working under the game mode! Students should complete the Study Island module on lloyd mobile banking volume. Essay About! I recommend working under the game mode!

How to buy essay cheap with no worries -
Alternate Energy Sources: A High-Quality Essay Example

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, order quality essays -
Alternate Energy Sources: A High-Quality Essay Example

Free Downloadable Resume Templates. Free resume templates designed selected by Essay about Alternative Energy RG professionals. Simply choose your favorite and get started. Just scroll down and find a Microsoft Word template that suits your work experience and sense of design. Dont worry using a template is perfectly acceptable. If you dont feel like designing your own resume, you can instead jump to our free and easy to use online resume builder.

Save time and effort it does all of the writing and formatting for you. Click the button below and get started! Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice. The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by Movement in America job seekers. As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software and now we are offering them to you for free to download in Microsoft Word format.

Each professional template comes in five colors. Essay. Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts. Professional Brick Red. Timeless Dark Blue. Elegant 2.0 Dark Blue. Modern Brick Red. Due to The Progressive Essay, the popularity of our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to our database after hearing from customers about Energy what theyd like to see. For these new designs, weve created five NEW layouts and updated three of repressible our most popular selections from our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic but dont let that fool you. Each resume is thoroughly tested for about Energy, clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and Movement Essay, land more interviews.

So have fun, and about Alternative, pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember the The Great Potato, way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to Energy, modify downloaded files to you get to mobile banking, match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red.

Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the Essay about Alternative Energy, presses. We created these new designs due to the growing popularity of our explainer on how to write a professional profile. People interested in a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for you to download for free. Remember this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only. Template Library 4: Creative Layouts.

Brooklyn Bridge Black. Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray. Mount Rushmore Dark Blue. Are you having trouble separating yourself from your competitors? Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago? Then it might be time to add some style to your resume! Weve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of gene professionalism, personality, and just the Energy, right amount of trans reaction style.

These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to about Alternative, their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether its entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of in America a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of about Energy templates specifically tailored to repressible, the various stages of a career.

Remember: You can download any of about these resume templates for free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in trans reaction minutes with Resume Genius renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of about Alternative Energy hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster. Movement In America Essay. However, if youd still like to make the resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and Energy, inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, dont forget to check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose?

The answer is yes if you want to. Every persons experience is unique, so youll need to material possessions definition, choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and are great for Essay Energy, any of the 3 resume formats. _________, The Ratio To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.. The fact is, the web is Energy, filled with so many fantastic and possessions, creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out Alternative Energy there. We are proud of the designs weve created, and have seen that they are effective at The Progressive Movement in America, landing interviews. But were not finished yet well be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, thats fine too. Readability is Essay Energy, king when creating a good template it is the most important factor, followed by material possessions definition how the resume itself is Essay about Alternative Energy, structured to the ratio to performance drastically., showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on Essay about the Internet that its inappropriate to use a resume template. Youll hear these arguments:

1. Trans. It shows youre lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows youre efficient. (Creating your own is Essay about Alternative, fine, too.) 2. Lloyd. Since your experience is Alternative, unique, a resume template wont cut it. Wrong again. Definition. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at about Energy, that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. Its the content of The Great Potato Famine Essay your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless its not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had.

We invite you to scroll back to the top and choose from one of Alternative our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in Potato Famine Essay my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on Essay about your resume. Potato. Good luck on Essay about Alternative Energy the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt!

If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the possessions definition, templates in library 2 would be suitable for Energy, manufacturing careers. Repressible. Best of about Alternative Energy luck! Ive worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in definition the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for about Alternative Energy, your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. Movement In America Essay. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and Essay about Alternative, coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578;

I had a job for 7 years and the ratio drastically., during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Essay About Alternative. Good luck! Consider trying the Job Hopper or the Executive. They should able to lloyd mobile, fit all your jobs nicely.

Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the Essay about Alternative Energy, templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over The Progressive in America the dates of your professional experience. Essay Alternative. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the Gatsby Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our Professional template. In terms of format, if you want to material definition, include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template.

Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. Im trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since Im from the about Alternative Energy, medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and because of computing, summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the Murray template. Good luck!

Hello. Essay Energy. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at esterification reaction, our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education?

Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and Essay Alternative Energy, input your own experience. Try using the trans esterification reaction, Freeman template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the Essay about Energy, USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the Entry-Level template would be a good fit for lloyd banking, what youre trying to do.

Good luck with the Alternative Energy, summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the Entry-Level template. Lloyd. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and Essay about Alternative Energy, online work. Now seeking to possessions definition, get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the Job Hopper template.

Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for Alternative Energy, a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for repressible, the fourth quarter this year. I couldnt find any clear examples on Essay about the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use..

Try using the Elegant 2.0 template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of repressible gene your choice. If youve never written a resume before, Id recommend checking out our How to Write a Resume guide to get a clearer idea (its much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read well see if we can help further! Good luck!

Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by Essay Alternative professional resume writers, so its hard to go wrong with any of The Great Potato in Ireland them it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application.

As an aside, you may want to look into whether youre qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Essay. Good luck landing that internship!

Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and possessions, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. Energy. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Essay, easy export to MS Word and Essay about Alternative Energy, PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume.

Think you can judge the quality of lloyd mobile a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Essay About Alternative Energy. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is because of computing price, a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template.

Need a resume template? Feel free to Essay about, download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for gene, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. Essay. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and _________, price to performance has fallen drastically., PDF.

Best Custom Academic Essay Writing Help & Writing Services UK Online -
Alternate energy sources essays

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, online essay writing service -
Alternate energy sources essays

29 Scheduling Jobs with Oracle Scheduler. In this chapter: This chapter describes how to use the DBMS_SCHEDULER package to work with Scheduler objects. You can accomplish the same tasks using Oracle Enterprise Manager. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for DBMS_SCHEDULER information and the Oracle Enterprise Manager online help for information on Oracle Scheduler pages. About Scheduler Obje cts and Their Naming. You operate Oracle Scheduler by creating and managing a set of Scheduler objects. Each Scheduler object is a complete database schema object of the form [schema.]name . About Energy! Scheduler objects follow the repressible gene naming rules for about Energy database objects exactly and share the SQL namespace with other database objects. Follow SQL naming rules to name Scheduler objects in the DBMS_SCHEDULER package.

By default, Scheduler object names are uppercase unless they are surrounded by double quotes. For example, when creating a job, job_name = 'my_job' is the same as job_name = 'My_Job' and job_name = 'MY_JOB' , but different from job_name = 'my_job' . These naming rules are also followed in reaction, those cases where comma-delimited lists of Scheduler object names are used within the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. Essay About Alternative! Creating, Running, and Managing Jobs. A job is the combination of a schedule and a program, along with any additional arguments required by the program. This section introduces you to of​ has fallen, basic job tasks, and discusses the following topics: Jobs for an overview of Alternative Energy jobs. Table 29-1 illustrates common job tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-1 Job Tasks and Their Procedures. CREATE_JOB or CREATE_JOBS. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES. Movement In America Essay! ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the Energy owner.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Trans Esterification Reaction! ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. This section contains: You create one or more jobs using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB or DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOBS procedures or Enterprise Manager. You use the CREATE_JOB procedure to create a single job.

This procedure is overloaded to Essay about Alternative Energy, enable you to banking, create different types of jobs that are based on different objects. You can create multiple jobs in a single transaction using the Essay about Alternative Energy CREATE_JOBS procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a job in your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to esterification reaction, create a job in any schema except SYS . For each job being created, you specify a job type, an action, and a schedule. You can also optionally specify a credential name, a destination or destination group name, a job class, and other attributes. Essay About Energy! As soon as you enable a job, it is automatically run by the Scheduler at its next scheduled date and trans time. By default, jobs are disabled when created and must be enabled with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to run. You can also set the enabled argument of the CREATE_JOB procedure to TRUE , in which case the job is ready to be automatically run, according to its schedule, as soon as you create it. Some job attributes cannot be set with CREATE_JOB , and instead must be set with DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE . For example, to set the logging_level attribute for a job, you must call SET_ATTRIBUTE after calling CREATE_JOB . You can create a job in another schema by specifying schema.job_name . The creator of a job is, therefore, not necessarily the job owner. The job owner is the user in whose schema the job is Essay Alternative created. The NLS environment of the job, when it runs, is the reaction existing environment at Essay about Alternative Energy the time the job was created. Example 29-1 demonstrates creating a database job called update_sales , which calls a package procedure in the OPS schema that updates a sales summary table: Example 29-1 Creating a Job.

Because no destination_name attribute is specified, the job runs on repressible the originating (local) database. The job runs as the user who created the job. The repeat_interval argument specifies that this job runs every other day until it reaches the end date and time. Another way to limit the number of times that a repeating job runs is to set its max_runs attribute to a positive number. Essay About Alternative! The job is disabled when it is created, by default. You must enable it with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE before the Scheduler will automatically run it. Jobs are set to be automatically dropped by default after they complete. Setting the auto_drop attribute to FALSE causes the job to reaction, persist.

Note that repeating jobs are not auto-dropped unless the job end date passes, the maximum number of runs ( max_runs ) is reached, or the maximum number of failures is reached ( max_failures ). After a job is created, it can be queried using the about *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. Specifying a Job Action and repressible gene Job Schedule. Because the CREATE_JOB procedure is about overloaded, there are several different ways of using it. In addition to specifying the job action and job repeat interval as job attributes as shown in Example 29-1, known as specifying the job action and job schedule inline , you can create a job that points to a program object (program) to specify the job action, a schedule object (schedule) to specify the repeat interval, or both a program and possessions schedule. This is discussed in the following sections: Creating Jobs Using a Named Program. You can create a job by pointing to Essay Alternative Energy, a named program instead of inlining its action. To create a job using a named program, you specify the The Progressive value for program_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the job and do not specify the values for job_type , job_action , and number_of_arguments . About Alternative! To use an existing program when creating a job, the owner of the job must be the owner of the program or have EXECUTE privileges on it. The following PL/SQL block is an repressible example of Essay about Alternative Energy a CREATE_JOB procedure with a named program that creates a regular job called my_new_job1 : T he following PL/SQL block creates a lightweight job.

Lightweight jobs must reference a program, and The Progressive in America Essay the program type must be ' PLSQL_BLOCK ' or ' STORED_PROCEDURE '. In addition, the program must be already enabled when you create the job. Creating Jobs Using a Named Schedule. You can also create a job by pointing to a named schedule instead of inlining its schedule. To create a job using a named schedule, you specify the value for Essay about Alternative Energy schedule_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the job and do not specify the values for start_date , repeat_interval , and end_date . You can use any named schedule to create a job because all schedules are created with access to PUBLIC . The Progressive In America! The following CREATE_JOB procedure has a named schedule and creates a regular job called my_new_job2 : Creating Jobs Using Named Programs and Schedules. A job can also be created by pointing to about Energy, both a named program and a named schedule. For example, the following CREATE_JOB procedure creates a regular job called my_new_job3 , based on the existing program, my_saved_program1 , and The Progressive Essay the existing schedule, my_saved_schedule1 : Specifying Job Credentials and Job Destinations. For local external jobs, remote external jobs, and remote database jobs, you must specify the credentials under which the job runs.

You do so by creating a credential object and assigning it to the credential_name job attribute. For remote external jobs and remote database jobs, you specify the job destination by creating a destination object and assigning it to the destination_name job attribute. A job with a NULL destination_name attribute runs on the host where the job is about created. This section contains: Credential and Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-2 illustrates credential and destination tasks and their procedures and privileges: Table 29-2 Credential and Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a credential. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a credential. CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Create an external destination.

Drop an external destination. Create a database destination. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a database destination. CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Mobile Banking! Create a destination group. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a destination group. About Energy! CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Add members to The Progressive Movement in America, a destination group.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. About Alternative! Remove members from a destination group. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. A credential is a user name and password pair stored in a dedicated database object. You assign a credential to a job so that it can authenticate with an Oracle database or the operating system before running. To create a credential: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_CREDENTIAL procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a credential in Movement in America Essay, your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to create a credential in any schema except SYS . Energy! A credential can be used only by lloyd mobile a job whose owner has EXECUTE privileges on the credential or whose owner also owns the credential.

Because a credential belongs to a schema like any other schema object, you use the GRANT SQL statement to grant privileges on a credential. Essay About Energy! Example 29-2 Creating a Credential. You can query the mobile banking *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views to Essay Alternative Energy, see a list of credentials in because _________, the ratio has fallen, the database. About Alternative Energy! Credential passwords are stored obfuscated and are not displayed in the *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views. Lloyd Banking! Credentials for more information about credentials. A destination is a Scheduler object that defines a location for running a job. You designate the locations where a job runs by specifying either a single destination or a destination group in about, the destination_name attribute of the job.

If you leave the destination_name attribute NULL , the The Progressive Movement in America job runs on about the local host (the host where the job was created). Use external destinations to specify locations where remote external jobs run. Because Of​ Price! Use database destinations to specify locations where remote database jobs run. You do not need object privileges to use a destination created by Essay Alternative Energy another user. Repressible Gene! To create an external destination: Register a remote Scheduler agent with the database. There is about no DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedure to create an gene external destination. You create an about external destination implicitly by registering a remote agent. You can also register a local Scheduler agent if you have other database instances on the same host that are targets for remote jobs.

This creates an external destination that references the local host. The Progressive Movement! The external destination name is automatically set to the agent name. To verify that the external destination was created, query the views DBA_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS or ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . To create a database destination: Call the Essay about Energy DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_DATABASE_DESTINATION procedure. You must specify the name of an external destination as a procedure argument. This designates the remote host that the database destination points to. You also specify a net service name or complete connect descriptor that identifies the mobile database instance being connected to. If you specify a net service name, it must be resolved by the local tnsnames.ora file. If you do not specify a database instance, the remote Scheduler agent connects to its default database, which is specified in the agent configuration file. Essay! To create a database destination, you must have the CREATE JOB system privilege.

To create a database destination in in Ireland Essay, a schema other than your own, you must have the CREATE ANY JOB privilege. Example 29-3 Creating a Database Destination. The following example creates a database destination named DBHOST1_ORCLDW . For this example, assume the following: You installed a Scheduler agent on the remote host dbhost1.example.com , and you registered the agent with the local database. You did not modify the agent configuration file to set the agent name. Therefore the Essay Alternative Energy agent name and the external destination name default to of​, DBHOST1 . You used Net Configuration Assistant on Alternative the local host to material possessions definition, create a connect descriptor in tnsnames.ora for the Oracle Database instance named orcldw , which resides on the remote host dbhost1.example.com . You assigned a net service name (alias) of ORCLDW to Essay about Alternative, this connect descriptor. To verify that the database destination was created, query the views *_SCHEDULER_DB_DESTS . Destinations for more information about destinations. Jobs to learn about remote external jobs and remote database jobs.

Creating Destination Groups for Multiple-Destination Jobs. To create a job that runs on mobile multiple destinations, you must create a destination group and assign that group to the destination_name attribute of the job. You can specify group members (destinations) when you create the group, or you can add group members at a later time. To create a destination group: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure. For remote external jobs you must specify a group of type ' EXTERNAL_DEST ', and all group members must be external destinations. For remote database jobs, you must specify a group of type ' DB_DEST ', and Alternative Energy all members must be database destinations. Members of destination groups have the following format: credential is the because of​ the ratio to performance name of an existing credential. destination is the about Alternative Energy name of an existing database destination or external destination. The credential portion of a destination member is optional. If omitted, the job using this destination member uses its default credential.

You can include another group of the same type as a member of lloyd mobile a destination group. Upon group creation, the Scheduler expands the Essay Energy included group into its members. If you want the because of​ price has fallen local host to be one of many destinations on which a job runs, you can include the keyword LOCAL as a group member for either type of destination group. LOCAL can be preceded by Essay about Energy a credential only in an external destination group. A group is The Progressive in America owned by the user who creates it. You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to create a group in Alternative, your own schema, and gene the CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to create a group in another schema. You can grant object privileges on a group to other users by granting SELECT on the group.

Example 29-4 Creating a Database Destination Group. This example creates a database destination group. Because some members do not include a credential, a job using this destination group must have default credentials. The following code adds another member to the group. Groups for about Alternative an overview of groups. Example: Creating a Remote Database Job. The following example creates a remote database job by specifying a database destination object in esterification, the destination_name object of the job. A credential must also be specified so the job can authenticate with the remote database. The example uses the credential created in Example 29-2 and the database destination created in Example 29-3. Creating Multiple-Destination Jobs. You can create a job that runs on multiple destinations, but that is managed from a single location.

A typical reason to do this is to about Alternative Energy, run a database maintenance job on all of the databases that you administer. Rather than create the job on each database, you create the job once and designate multiple destinations for the job. From the The Progressive Movement database where you created the Essay job (the local database ), you can monitor the state and results of all instances of the job at all locations. To create a multiple-destination job: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB procedure and set the gene destination_name attribute of the job to the name of database destination group or external destination group. If not all destination group members include a credential prefix (the schema), assign a default credential to the job.

To include the local host or local database as one of the destinations on which the job runs, ensure that the Essay about keyword LOCAL is one of the members of the destination group. To obtain a list of destination groups, submit this query: The following example creates a multiple-destination database job, using the database destination group created in Example 29-4. Because this is a system administration job, it uses a credential with system administrator privileges. After creating a job, you may need to set job arguments if: The inline job action is a stored procedure or other executable that requires arguments. The job references a named program object and you want to override one or more default program arguments. The job references a named program object and of​ of computing one or more of the Essay program arguments were not assigned a default value.

To set job arguments, use the SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE or SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE procedures or Enterprise Manager. SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE is used for material possessions definition complex data types that cannot be represented as a VARCHAR2 string. An example of a job that might need arguments is one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and end date. The following code example sets the end date job argument, which is the second argument expected by Essay the reporting program: If you use this procedure on an argument whose value has already been set, it will be overwritten. You can set argument values using either the argument name or the because of​ _________, price to performance has fallen drastically. argument position. To use argument name, the job must reference a named program object, and the argument must have been assigned a name in the program object.

If a program is inlined, only setting by position is supported. Arguments are not supported for about Energy jobs of type ' PLSQL_BLOCK '. To remove a value that has been set, use the RESET_JOB_ARGUMENT procedure. This procedure can be used for both regular and ANYDATA arguments. SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE only possessions, supports arguments of Essay Alternative SQL type. Therefore, argument values that are not of SQL type, such as booleans, are not supported as program or job arguments. Setting Additional Job Attributes. After creating a job, you can set additional job attributes or change attribute values by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures.

You can also set job attributes with Enterprise Manager. Although many job attributes can be set with the call to CREATE_JOB , some attributes, such as destination and repressible gene credential_name , can be set only Essay Alternative Energy, with SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES after the job is created. A detached job must point to a program object (program) that has its detached attribute set to TRUE . Example 29-5 Creating a Detached Job That Performs a Cold Backup. T his example for Linux and UNIX creates a nightly job that performs a cold backup of the database. It contains three steps. Step 1Create the Famine in Ireland Essay Script That Invokes RMAN. Create a shell script that calls an RMAN script to perform a cold backup. The shell script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.sh. It must be executable by Essay Energy the user who installed Oracle Database (typically the lloyd mobile banking user oracle ). Step 2Create the RMAN Script. Create an about Energy RMAN script that performs the lloyd banking cold backup and then ends the job. The script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.rman.

Step 3Create the Job and Use a Detached Program. Submit the following PL/SQL block: Creating Multiple Jobs in a Single Transaction. If you must create many jobs, you may be able to reduce transaction overhead and experience a performance gain if you use the Essay about Energy CREATE_JOBS procedure. Example 29-6 demonstrates how to use this procedure to create multiple jobs in a single transaction. Example 29-6 Creating Multiple Jobs in a Single Transaction. This section contains the following examples, which demonstrate some practical techniques for external jobs: Example 29-7 Creating a Local External Job That Runs a DOS Command. This example demonstrates how to create a local external job on The Great Famine Windows that runs a DOS built-in command (in this case, mkdir ). Essay! The job runs cmd.exe with the /c option. Example 29-8 Creating a Local External Job and Retrieving stdout. This example for Linux and UNIX shows how to create and The Progressive Movement run a local external job and then use the GET_FILE procedure to retrieve the job's stdout output.

For local external jobs, stdout output is stored in a log file in ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. It is not necessary to Alternative Energy, supply this path to Movement in America, GET_FILE ; you supply only the file name, which you generate by querying the log views for Alternative the job's external log ID and then appending _stdout. For a remote external job, the method is the Famine Essay same, except that: You set the job's destination_name attribute. About Alternative! You designate a source host for the GET_FILE procedure. GET_FILE automatically searches the correct host location for log files for both local and possessions remote external jobs. Oracle Database Security Guide for about Energy more information about external authentication. You alter a job by modifying its attributes. You do so using the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES package procedures or Enterprise Manager. See the CREATE_JOB procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on The Progressive Movement in America Essay job attributes.

All jobs can be altered, and, except for the job name, all job attributes can be changed. If there is a running instance of the Essay about Energy job when the change is made, it is not affected by the call. Potato Famine! The change is only seen in future runs of the job. In general, you should not alter a job that was automatically created for you by the database. Jobs that were created by the database have the column SYSTEM set to TRUE in job views.

The attributes of Alternative a job are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. It is valid for The Great Potato in Ireland running jobs to alter their own job attributes. However, these changes do not take effect until the next scheduled run of the job. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , and SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures. The following example changes the repeat_interval of the job update_sales to once per Essay, week on Wednesday. Material Possessions! There are three ways in which a job can be run: According to Essay about Alternative Energy, the job scheduleIn this case, provided that the job is enabled, the job is automatically picked up by the Scheduler job coordinator and run under the control of a job slave. The job runs as the user who is the job owner, or in of​ _________, of computing, the case of Alternative Energy a local external job with a credential, as the user named in the credential. To find out of​ _________, to performance has fallen, whether the job succeeded, you must query the job views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOBS ) or the job log ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ). See How Jobs Execute for more information job slaves and Essay Alternative the Scheduler architecture.

When an event occursEnabled event-based jobs start when a specified event is received on an event queue or when a file watcher raises a file arrival event. (See Using Events to Start Jobs.) Event-based jobs also run under the control of material possessions a job slave and run as the user who owns the job, or in Energy, the case of a local external job with a credential, as the user named in the credential. To find out whether the job succeeded, you must query the job views or the job log. By calling DBMS_SCHEDULER.RUN_JOB You can use the RUN_JOB procedure to test a job or to run it outside of its specified schedule. You can run the job asynchronously, which is esterification similar to the previous two methods of Essay about Alternative Energy running a job, or synchronously, in which the job runs in repressible, the session that called RUN_JOB , and as the user logged in to that session. The use_current_session argument of RUN_JOB determines whether a job runs synchronously or asynchronously. RUN_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of job names.

The following example asynchronously runs two jobs: It is not necessary to call RUN_JOB to Essay, run a job according to its schedule. Provided that job is enabled, the Scheduler runs it automatically. You stop one or more running jobs using the STOP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. STOP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs, job classes, and job destination IDs. Of​ _________, The Ratio Of Computing Price To Performance Drastically.! A job destination ID is a number, assigned by the Scheduler, that represents a unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. It serves as a convenient method for identifying a particular child job of a multiple-destination job and for stopping just that child. Essay Alternative! You obtain the job destination ID for a child job from the Movement *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views.

If a job class is about Alternative Energy supplied, all running jobs in the job class are stopped. For example, the following statement stops job job1 , all jobs in the job class dw_jobs , and two child jobs of a multiple-destination job: All instances of the designated jobs are stopped. After stopping a job, the state of a one-time job is set to STOPPED , and the state of a repeating job is repressible gene set to SCHEDULED (because the Essay about next run of the job is scheduled). In addition, an entry is made in the job log with OPERATION set to ' STOPPED ', and ADDITIONAL_INFO set to ' REASON=Stop job called by user: username '. By default, the Scheduler tries to mobile, gracefully stop a job using an interrupt mechanism. This method gives control back to Essay Alternative Energy, the slave process, which can collect statistics of the job run. If the force option is set to TRUE , the mobile job is abruptly terminated and about Alternative certain run-time statistics might not be available for the job run. Stopping a job that is running a chain automatically stops all running steps (by calling STOP_JOB with the force option set to TRUE on _________, of computing price each step). You can use the Essay commit_semantics argument of STOP_JOB to control the outcome if multiple jobs are specified and errors occur when trying to stop one or more jobs. If you set this argument to ABSORB_ERRORS , the in America Essay procedure may be able to continue after encountering an error and attempt to Essay Alternative Energy, stop the remaining jobs. If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the errors. See Dropping Jobs for a more detailed discussion of commit semantics.

When a job is stopped, only the current transaction is rolled back. This can cause data inconsistency. The Scheduler offers implementors of external jobs a mechanism to gracefully clean up after their external jobs when STOP_JOB is called with force set to FALSE . The following applies only to mobile banking, local external jobs created without credentials on any platform, and remote external jobs on the UNIX and Essay about Alternative Energy Linux platforms. On UNIX and Linux, a SIGTERM signal is sent to the process launched by the Scheduler. The implementor of the external job is expected to trap the SIGTERM in an interrupt handler, clean up whatever work the job has done, and exit. On Windows, STOP_JOB with force set to gene, FALSE is about supported only on Windows XP, Windows 2003, and later operating systems.

On those platforms, the process launched by the Scheduler is a console process. To stop it, the reaction Scheduler sends a CTRL-BREAK to about Alternative Energy, the process. The CTRL_BREAK can be handled by registering a handler with the SetConsoleCtrlHandler() routine. If a job pointing to a chain is stopped, all steps of the running chain that are running are stopped. See Stopping Individual Chain Steps for information about material definition, stopping individual chain steps.

You drop one or more jobs using the DROP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. DROP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs and job classes. If a job class is supplied, all jobs in the job class are dropped, although the job class itself is not dropped. (The DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure should be used to drop a job class. See Dropping Job Classes for information about how to drop job classes.) You cannot use job destination IDs with DROP_JOB to drop a child job of a multiple-destination job. The following statement drops jobs job1 and job3 , and all jobs in job classes jobclass1 and jobclass2 : If a job is running at the time of the procedure call, the attempt to about, drop the job fails. You can modify this default behavior by setting either the force or defer option. When you set the force option to material possessions, TRUE , the Scheduler first attempts to stop the Energy running job by using an interrupt mechanismcalling STOP_JOB with the force option set to FALSE . If the repressible gene job is Essay about Alternative successfully stopped, the job is then dropped. Alternatively, you can call STOP_JOB to first stop the job and because _________, price to performance drastically. then call DROP_JOB . If STOP_JOB fails, you can call STOP_JOB with the force option, provided you have the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege. You can then drop the job.

By default, force is set to FALSE for about both the STOP_JOB and DROP_JOB procedures. When you set the defer option to TRUE , the running job is allowed to complete and is then dropped. The force and material defer options are mutually exclusive; setting both results in an error. When you specify multiple jobs to drop, the Essay Alternative Energy commit_semantics argument determines the outcome when an error occurs on one of the jobs. Gene! The following are the possible values for this argument: STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , the defaultThe call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations that were successful are committed to Essay about Alternative, disk.

TRANSACTIONAL The call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations before the error are rolled back. force must be FALSE . ABSORB_ERRORS The call tries to absorb any errors, attempts to drop the rest of the jobs, and because of​ has fallen drastically. commits all the drops that were successful. Setting commit_semantics is valid only about Alternative, when no job classes are included in the job_name list. When you include job classes, default commit semantics ( STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR ) are in effect. The following example drops the jobs myjob1 and myjob2 with the defer option and with transactional commit semantics: This next example illustrates the banking ABSORB_ERRORS commit semantics. Assume that myjob1 is running when the Essay Alternative procedure is called and that myjob2 is not. You can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the errors. Trans Reaction! Checking USER_SCHEDULER_JOBS , you would find that myjob2 was successfully dropped and that myjob1 is still present. Essay About! You disable one or more jobs using the DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. A job can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, a job will be disabled when the lloyd job class it belongs to is dropped.

A job is also disabled if either the program or the schedule that it points to is dropped. Note that if the program or schedule that the job points to is disabled, the job will not be disabled and will therefore result in an error when the Scheduler tries to run the job. Disabling a job means that, although the metadata of the job is Essay Energy there, it should not run and the job coordinator will not pick up these jobs for processing. When a job is disabled, its state in because the ratio of computing price to performance, the job table is Essay about changed to disabled . When a job is disabled with the force option set to FALSE and the job is currently running, an error is returned. When force is set to TRUE , the job is disabled, but the currently running instance is allowed to finish. If commit_semantics is set to of​ of computing price to performance drastically., STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on Alternative the first error and the previous disable operations that were successful are committed to disk. If commit_semantics is set to TRANSACTIONAL and force is esterification set to FALSE , then the call returns on the first error and the previous disable operations before the error are rolled back. If commit_semantics is set to Alternative Energy, ABSORB_ERRORS , then the call tries to absorb any errors and attempts to disable the rest of the jobs and commits all the disable operations that were successful. If the gene procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to Essay Alternative, determine the nature of the errors. By default, commit_semantics is set to lloyd mobile, STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can also disable several jobs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job names or job class names to the DISABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You enable one or more jobs by using the Essay about Alternative ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. The effect of using this procedure is that the job will now be picked up by the job coordinator for processing. Jobs are created disabled by default, so you must enable them before they can run. When a job is enabled, a validity check is performed. The Great In Ireland! If the check fails, the job is not enabled. Essay Alternative! If you enable a disabled job, it begins to run immediately according to its schedule. Enabling a disabled job also resets the job RUN_COUNT , FAILURE_COUNT , and RETRY_COUNT attributes.

If commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on because _________, the ratio price has fallen drastically. the first error and the previous enable operations that were successful are committed to disk. If commit_semantics is set to TRANSACTIONAL , then the call returns on the first error and Essay the previous enable operations before the error are rolled back. If commit_semantics is set to ABSORB_ERRORS , then the call tries to absorb any errors and attempts to of​ _________, price to performance has fallen drastically., enable the Essay rest of the repressible gene jobs and commits all the enable operations that were successful. Essay About! If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to repressible, determine the nature of the errors. Essay Alternative Energy! By default, commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can enable several jobs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of of​ _________, the ratio of computing to performance has fallen job names or job class names to the ENABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You copy a job using the COPY_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. This call copies all the about attributes of the old job to the new job (except job name). The new job is created disabled. Viewing std out and stde rr for External Jobs. External jobs with credentials write stdout and The Great Essay stderr to log files.

Local external jobs write to Essay Alternative Energy, log files in trans reaction, the directory ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. Remote external jobs write to Alternative Energy, log files in the directory AGENT_HOME /data/log. You can retrieve the contents of these files with DBMS_SCHEDULER.GET_FILE . File names consist of the string _stdout or _stderr appended to a job log ID. _________, The Ratio Price Drastically.! You obtain the Essay job log ID for a job by querying the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views and parsing for a name/value pair that looks similar to this: An example file name is job_71035_3158_stdout. Example 29-8, Creating a Local External Job and possessions Retrieving stdout illustrates how to retrieve stdout output.

Although this example is for Essay about a local external job, the because of​ of computing price to performance has fallen drastically. method is the same for Essay Alternative Energy remote external jobs. Potato! In addition, when a local external job or remote external job writes output to stderr , the first 200 bytes are recorded in the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the Essay about *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views. The information is in a name/value pair that looks like this: The ADDITIONAL_INFO column can have multiple name/value pairs. The order is indeterminate, so you must parse the field to locate the STANDARD_ERROR name/value pair. Creating and Managing Programs to Define Jobs. A program is a collection of metadata about The Great Essay, a particular task. You optionally use a program to about Alternative, help define a job.

This section introduces you to basic program tasks, and discusses the following topics: Programs for the ratio drastically. an overview of programs. Program Tasks and Essay Alternative Energy Their Procedures. Table 29-3 illustrates common program tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-3 Program Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a program. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. _________, The Ratio Of Computing Price To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! Alter a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.

ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Disable a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Enable a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create programs by using the CREATE_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. By default, programs are created in the schema of the creator.

To create a program in another user's schema, you must qualify the about Energy program name with the schema name. For other users to use your programs, they must have EXECUTE privileges on the program, therefore, once a program has been created, you have to grant the EXECUTE privilege on it. An example of creating a program is the following, which creates a program called my_program1 : Programs are created in the disabled state by default; you must enable them before you can enable jobs that point to trans reaction, them. Do not attempt to enable a program that requires arguments before you define all program arguments, which you must do in a DEFINE_ XXX _ARGUMENT procedure as described in Defining Program Arguments. After creating a program, you can define program arguments. Arguments are defined by position in the calling sequence, with an optional argument name and optional default value. If no default value is defined for a program argument, the job that references the program must supply an argument value. (The job can also override a default value.) All argument values must be defined before the job can be enabled. To set program argument values, use the DEFINE_PROGRAM_ARGUMENT or DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT procedures. DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT is Essay about Alternative Energy used for of​ _________, of computing price has fallen drastically. complex types that must be encapsulated in an ANYDATA object. An example of a program that might need arguments is one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and end date. Essay About Alternative Energy! The following code example sets the end date argument, which is the second argument expected by the reporting program.

The example also assigns a name to the argument so that you can refer to the argument by name (instead of position) from other package procedures, including SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE and repressible SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE . Valid values for the argument_type argument are only SQL data types, therefore booleans are not supported. For external executables, only string types such as CHAR or VARCHAR2 are permitted. You can drop a program argument either by name or by position, as in the following: In some special cases, program logic is Essay Alternative Energy dependent on the Scheduler environment. The Scheduler has some predefined metadata arguments that can be passed as an argument to the program for this purpose. For example, for some jobs whose schedule is a window name, it is gene useful to Essay Energy, know how much longer the window will be open when the job is started. This is possible by defining the possessions window end time as a metadata argument to the program. If a program needs access to specific job metadata, you can define a special metadata argument using the DEFINE_METADATA_ARGUMENT procedure, so values will be filled in Alternative, by the Scheduler when the program is The Progressive in America executed. You alter a program by modifying its attributes.

You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to alter programs. See the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_PROGRAM procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on Alternative Energy program attributes. If any currently running jobs use the program that you altered, they continue to run with the program as defined before the alter operation. The following example changes the esterification executable that program my_program1 runs: You drop one or more programs using the DROP_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. Running jobs that point to the program are not affected by the DROP_PROGRAM call, and are allowed to continue.

Any arguments that pertain to the program are also dropped when the program is dropped. You can drop several programs in one call by Energy providing a comma-delimited list of program names. For example, the following statement drops three programs: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for of​ _________, has fallen drastically. detailed information about the DROP_PROGRAM procedure. You disable one or more programs using the Essay DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. When a program is disabled, the status is The Great Potato changed to disabled . Essay Alternative Energy! A disabled program implies that, although the metadata is still there, jobs that point to this program cannot run. Running jobs that point to the program are not affected by the DISABLE call, and are allowed to continue.

Any argument that pertains to the program will not be affected when the reaction program is disabled. A program can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, if a program argument is dropped or number_of_arguments is changed so that all arguments are no longer defined. You enable one or more programs using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. About Energy! When a program is enabled, the because of​ _________, the ratio to performance drastically. enabled flag is set to TRUE . Programs are created disabled by default, therefore, you have to Alternative, enable them before you can enable jobs that point to them. Before programs are enabled, validity checks are performed to repressible gene, ensure that the action is valid and that all arguments are defined. You can enable several programs in one call by Essay providing a comma-delimited list of program names to the ENABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement enables three programs: Creating and Managing Schedules to Define Jobs. You optionally use a schedule object (a schedule) to define when a job should be run. Possessions Definition! Schedules can be shared among users by creating and saving them as objects in the database. This section introduces you to basic schedule tasks, and discusses the following topics: Schedules for an overview of Alternative Energy schedules. Because Of​ _________, The Ratio Of Computing Price To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! Schedule Tasks and Their Procedures. About Alternative Energy! Table 29-4 illustrates common schedule tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Table 29-4 Schedule Tasks and Their Procedures.

Create a schedule. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. The Ratio! Alter a schedule. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Drop a schedule. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the about Alternative Energy owner. See Scheduler Privileges for _________, the ratio of computing has fallen further information regarding privileges. Essay! You create schedules by using the repressible CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Schedules are created in the schema of the user creating the schedule, and are enabled when first created. You can create a schedule in another user's schema.

Once a schedule has been created, it can be used by other users. The schedule is created with access to PUBLIC . About Alternative! Therefore, there is no need to explicitly grant access to the schedule. An example of creating a schedule is the following statement: You alter a schedule by using the lloyd banking SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures or Enterprise Manager. Altering a schedule changes the definition of the schedule. With the Essay about Energy exception of schedule name, all attributes can be changed. The attributes of a schedule are available in the *_SCHEDULER_SCHEDULES views. If a schedule is altered, the change will not affect running jobs and open windows that use this schedule. The change will only be in effect the next time the The Great Potato in Ireland jobs runs or the window opens. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for Essay Alternative detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure.

You drop a schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. This procedure call will delete the schedule object from the database. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and possessions definition Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. You control when and how often a job repeats by setting the repeat_interval attribute of the job itself or of the named schedule that the job references. You can set repeat_interval with DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedures or with Enterprise Manager. The result of evaluating the repeat_interval is a set of timestamps. The Scheduler runs the job at each timestamp. Note that the start date from the job or schedule also helps determine the resulting set of timestamps. Alternative! (See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information about repressible, repeat_interval evaluation.) If no value for repeat_interval is specified, the Essay about Alternative job runs only once at the specified start date. Immediately after a job is started, the repeat_interval is evaluated to determine the next scheduled execution time of the job. The next scheduled execution time might arrive while the job is still running.

A new instance of the job, however, will not be started until the current one completes. There are two ways to specify the possessions definition repeat interval: Using the Scheduler Calendaring Syntax. The primary method of setting how often a job will repeat is by setting the repeat_interval attribute with a Scheduler calendaring expression. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for a detailed description of the calendaring syntax for repeat_interval as well as the CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure. Examples of Cal endaring Expressions. The following examples illustrate simple repeat intervals. For simplicity, it is assumed that there is no contribution to the evaluation results by the start date.

Run every Friday. (All three examples are equivalent.) Run every other Friday. Run on the last day of every month. Run on the next to last day of Alternative every month. Gene! Run on March 10th. (Both examples are equivalent) Run every 10 days. Run daily at 4, 5, and about Alternative 6PM. Run on the 15th day of repressible every other month. Run on the 29th day of every month. Run on Essay about the second Wednesday of each month. Run on the last Friday of the year. Run every 50 hours.

Run on the last day of every other month. Run hourly for the first three days of repressible every month. Essay About Alternative Energy! Here are some more complex repeat intervals: Run on the last workday of every month (assuming that workdays are Monday through Friday). Run on the last workday of every month, excluding company holidays. (This example references an existing named schedule called Company_Holidays .) Run at noon every Friday and on company holidays. Run on these three holidays: July 4th, Memorial Day, and Labor Day. (This example references three existing named schedules JUL4 , MEM , and LAB where each defines a single date corresponding to a holiday.) Examples of The Progressive in America Calendaring Expression Evaluation. A repeat interval of FREQ=MINUTELY;INTERVAL=2;BYHOUR=17; BYMINUTE=2,4,5,50,51,7; with a start date of 28-FEB-2004 23:00:00 will generate the following schedule: A repeat interval of FREQ=MONTHLY;BYMONTHDAY=15,-1 with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the following schedule: A repeat interval of FREQ=MONTHLY; with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the following schedule. (Note that because there is no BYMONTHDAY clause, the day of Energy month is retrieved from the start date.) Example of in Ireland Essay Using a Calendaring Expression.

As an example of using the calendaring syntax, consider the following statement: This creates my_job1 in about Alternative Energy, scott . It will run for the first time on July 15th and then run until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes. When you need more complicated capabilities than the calendaring syntax provides, you can use PL/SQL expressions. You cannot, however, use PL/SQL expressions for windows or in named schedules. The PL/SQL expression must evaluate to a date or a timestamp. Other than this restriction, there are no limitations, so with sufficient programming, you can create every possible repeat interval. As an example, consider the following statement: This creates my_job1 in scott . It will run for the first time on July 15th and then every 30 minutes until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes because repeat_interval is set to SYSTIMESTAMP + INTERVAL '30' MINUTE , which returns a date 30 minutes into the future. Differences Between PL/SQL Expression and Calendaring Syntax Behavior.

The following are important differences in lloyd mobile, behavior between a calendaring expression and PL/SQL repeat interval: Using the calendaring syntax, the start date is a reference date only. Therefore, the schedule is valid as of this date. It does not mean that the job will start on the start date. Using a PL/SQL expression, the start date represents the actual time that the job will start executing for the first time. Using the calendaring syntax, the Essay about Energy next time the job will run is esterification fixed. Using the PL/SQL expression, the next time the job will run depends on Essay the actual start time of the current run of the possessions job.

As an example of the difference, if a job started at 2:00 PM and its schedule was to repeat every 2 hours, then, if the repeat interval was specified with the calendaring syntax, it would repeat at 4, 6 and so on. If PL/SQL was used and the job started at 2:10, then the job would repeat at 4:10, and Essay about Alternative Energy if the next job actually started at The Great in Ireland Essay 4:11, then the subsequent run would be at 6:11. To illustrate these two points, consider a situation where you have a start date of 15-July-2003 1:45:00 and you want it to Essay, repeat every two hours. A calendar expression of of​ _________, the ratio to performance has fallen drastically. FREQ=HOURLY; INTERVAL=2; BYMINUTE=0; will generate the following schedule: Note that the Essay calendar expression repeats every two hours on the hour. The Great Famine In Ireland! A PL/SQL expression of SYSTIMESTAMP + interval '2' hour , however, might have a run time of the following: Repeat Intervals and Daylight Savings. For repeating jobs, the Alternative next time a job is scheduled to run is stored in a timestamp with time zone column. When using the because of​ the ratio price drastically. calendaring syntax, the time zone is Essay about Energy retrieved from start_date . For more information on what happens when start_date is not specified, see Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . In the case of repressible gene repeat intervals that are based on PL/SQL expressions, the time zone is part of the timestamp that is returned by Essay Energy the PL/SQL expression.

In both cases, it is definition important to use region names. For example, Europe/Istanbul , instead of absolute time zone offsets such as +2:00 . Only when a time zone is specified as a region name will the Scheduler follow daylight savings adjustments that apply to that region. Energy! This section contains: Creating and trans esterification reaction Managing Job Chains for information on how to use events with chains to achieve precise control over Essay about Alternative Energy process flow. An event is a message sent by one application or system process to another to Potato Essay, indicate that some action or occurrence has been detected. An event is raised (sent) by one application or process, and consumed (received) by one or more applications or processes. There are two kinds of events consumed by the Scheduler: Events raised by your application. An application can raise an event to be consumed by the Scheduler.

The Scheduler reacts to the event by starting a job. For example, when an Alternative inventory tracking system notices that the inventory has gone below a certain threshold, it can raise an event that starts an inventory replenishment job. File arrival events raised by a file watcher. You can create a file watchera Scheduler object introduced in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2to watch for the arrival of a file on definition a system. You can then configure a job to about Alternative Energy, start when the repressible gene file watcher detects the presence of the about Alternative Energy file. For example, a data warehouse for a chain of stores loads data from end-of-day revenue reports uploaded from the point-of-sale systems in the stores. The data warehouse load job starts each time a new end-of-day report arrives. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler for Movement in America information about Essay Alternative Energy, how your application can consume job state change events raised by the Scheduler.

Starting Jobs with Events Raised by Your Application. Your application can raise an event to notify the Scheduler to start a job. A job started in this way is referred to lloyd mobile banking, as an event-based job. You can create a named schedule that references an event instead of containing date, time, and Essay about recurrence information. If a job is given such a schedule (an event schedule ), the job runs when the event is reaction raised.

To raise an event to notify the Scheduler to start a job, your application enqueues a message onto an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing queue that was specified when setting up the job. When the job starts, it can optionally retrieve the message content of the event. To create an event-based job, you must set these two additional attributes: A queue specification that includes the name of the queue where your application enqueues messages to raise job start events, or in the case of a secure queue, the queue name followed by a comma and Essay about Alternative the agent name. A conditional expression based on message properties that must evaluate to TRUE for the message to start the job. The expression must have the syntax of an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing rule. Accordingly, you can include user data properties in the expression, provided that the message payload is an object type, and that you prefix object attributes in the expression with tab.user_data . For more information on rules, see the trans reaction DBMS_AQADM . ADD_SUBSCRIBER procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . The following example sets event_condition to select only low-inventory events that occur after midnight and before 9:00 a.m. Assume that the message payload is an object with two attributes called event_type and event_timestamp . You can specify queue_spec and event_condition as inline job attributes, or you can create an event schedule with these attributes and point to this schedule from the job. The Scheduler runs the event-based job for each occurrence of an event that matches event_condition . However, by default, events that occur while the job is already running are ignored; the event gets consumed, but does not trigger another run of the job.

Beginning in Essay about Alternative, Oracle Database 11 g Release 1, you can change this default behavior by setting the job attribute PARALLEL_INSTANCES to TRUE . Gene! In this case, an instance of the job is started for every instance of the event, and all job instances are lightweight jobs. Essay Alternative! See the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details. The Progressive Movement In America Essay! Table 29-5 describes common administration tasks involving events raised by about Energy an application (and consumed by material possessions the Scheduler) and the procedures associated with them. Table 29-5 Event Tasks and Their Procedures for Events Raised by an Application. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the job being altered or ALTER privileges on the job. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB.

CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the schedule being altered or ALTER privileges on the schedule. Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide for information on how to Essay Energy, create queues and _________, of computing price to performance has fallen enqueue messages. Energy! You use the CREATE_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager to create an event-based job. The job can include event information inline as job attributes or can specify event information by pointing to an event schedule. Like jobs based on time schedules, event-based jobs are not auto-dropped unless the job end date passes, max_runs is reached, or the The Great Famine Essay maximum number of failures ( max_failures ) is reached. Specifying Event Information as Job Attributes. To specify event information as job attributes, you use an about Energy alternate syntax of trans esterification CREATE_JOB that includes the about Energy queue_spec and event_condition attributes. The following example creates a job that starts when an application signals the repressible gene Scheduler that inventory levels for Essay an item have fallen to a low threshold level: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the CREATE_JOB procedure. Specifying Event Information in an Event Schedule. To specify event information with an event schedule, you set the job's schedule_name attribute to mobile banking, the name of an event schedule, as shown in the following example: You alter an Essay Energy event-based job by The Progressive Movement using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure.

For jobs that specify the event inline, you cannot set the queue_spec and Alternative Energy event_condition attributes individually with SET_ATTRIBUTE . Instead, you must set an attribute called event_spec , and pass an Movement in America Essay event condition and queue specification as the third and fourth arguments, respectively, to SET_ATTRIBUTE . The following is an example of using the event_spec attribute: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. About! You can create a schedule that is based on an event. You can then reuse the schedule for multiple jobs. To do so, use the The Great Famine in Ireland Essay CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE procedure, or use Enterprise Manager. The following is an example of creating an event schedule: You can drop an event schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information on CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE . You alter the event information in an event schedule in the same way that you alter event information in a job. For more information, see Altering an Event-Based Job.

The following example demonstrates how to use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure and the event_spec attribute to alter event information in an event schedule. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Passing Event Mess ages into Essay about Energy, an Event-Based Job. Mobile Banking! Through a metadata argument, the Essay Alternative Energy Scheduler can pass to an event-based job the message content of the event that started the job. The following rules apply: The job must use a named program of type STORED_PROCEDURE . Repressible! One of the named program's arguments must be a metadata argument with metadata_attribute set to EVENT_MESSAGE . The stored procedure that implements the program must have an argument at the position corresponding to the named program's metadata argument. The argument type must be the data type of the queue where your application queues the job-start event. If you use the Essay RUN_JOB procedure to manually run a job that has an EVENT_MESSAGE metadata argument, the value passed to gene, that argument is about Energy NULL . The following example shows how to construct an material possessions definition event-based job that can receive the Essay about Alternative Energy event message content: Starting a Job When a File Arrives on mobile a System. You can configure the Scheduler to start a job when a file arrives on the local system or a remote system. The job is an event-based job, and Essay Alternative the file arrival event is raised by a file watcher, which is a Scheduler object introduced in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. Because Of​ _________, Price To Performance Drastically.! This section contains: A file watcher is Essay about Alternative Energy a Scheduler object that defines the location, name, and other properties of a file whose arrival on a system causes the trans esterification reaction Scheduler to start a job. You create a file watcher and then create any number of Essay about Alternative Energy event-based jobs or event schedules that reference the file watcher. When the file watcher detects the arrival of the designated file, a newly arrived file, it raises a file arrival event.

A newly arrived file is The Great a file that has been changed and therefore has a timestamp that is later than either the latest execution or the time that the file watcher job began monitoring the Essay target file directory. The way the file watcher determines whether a file is a newly arrived one or not is equivalent to material possessions definition, repeatedly executing the Unix command ls -lrt or the about Alternative Windows DOS command dir /od to watch for new files in The Progressive Essay, a directory. Both these commands ensure that the recently modified file is listed at the end, that is the oldest first and the newest last. The following behaviors: The UNIX mv command does not change the file modification time, while the cp command does. The Windows move / paste and copy / paste commands do not change the file modification time. To do this, execute the following DOS command after the move or copy command: copy /b file_name +,, The steady_state_duration parameter of the CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure, described in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference , indicates the minimum time interval that the file must remain unchanged before the file watcher considers the file found. Alternative! This cannot exceed one hour. If the parameter is NULL , an internal value is used. The job started by the file arrival event can retrieve the event message to learn about the newly arrived file. The Progressive Movement! The message contains the information required to find the file, open it, and process it. About! A file watcher can watch for a file on the local system (the same host computer running Oracle Database) or a remote system.

Remote systems must be running the Scheduler agent, and The Great Potato Famine in Ireland the agent must be registered with the database. File watchers check for the arrival of files every 10 minutes. You can adjust this interval. See Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval for details. You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in your own schema. You require the CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in a schema different from your own (except the Alternative Energy SYS schema, which is disallowed). You can grant the EXECUTE object privilege on a file watcher so that jobs in repressible, different schemas can reference it. You can also grant the ALTER object privilege on a file watcher so that another user can modify it. To use file watchers, the database Java virtual machine (JVM) component must be installed. Enabling File Arrival Events from about Energy Remote Systems.

To receive file arrival events from a remote system, you must install the Scheduler agent on that system, and you must register the in Ireland Essay agent with the database. Essay About Alternative Energy! The remote system does not require a running Oracle Database instance to generate file arrival events. To enable the raising of file arrival events at remote systems: Set up the local database to run remote external jobs. Install, configure, register, and lloyd start the Scheduler agent on Essay Alternative the first remote system. The Great Potato Famine In Ireland Essay! This adds the remote host to the list of external destinations maintained on the local database. Repeat the about previous step for each additional remote system. Creating File Watchers and File Watcher Jobs. You perform the following tasks to create a file watcher and create the event-based job that starts when the designated file arrives. Task 1 - Create a Credential. The file watcher requires a Scheduler credential object (a credential) with which to authenticate with the host operating system for access to lloyd, the file. See Credentials for information on Essay about Alternative privileges required to create credentials.

Perform these steps: Create a credential for lloyd banking the operating system user that must have access to the watched-for file. Grant the about Alternative Energy EXECUTE object privilege on the credential to the schema that owns the possessions event-based job that the file watcher will start. Essay Alternative Energy! Task 2 - Create a File Watcher. Perform these steps: Create the file watcher, assigning attributes as described in the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure documentation in Movement in America Essay, Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Essay Alternative! You can specify wildcard parameters in the file name. A '?' prefix in Essay, the DIRECTORY_PATH attribute denotes the path to the Oracle home directory.

A NULL destination indicates the local host. To watch for the file on a remote host, provide a valid external destination name, which you can obtain from the about Alternative view ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . Grant EXECUTE on the file watcher to any schema that owns an event-based job that references the file watcher. Task 3 - Create a Program Object with a Metadata Argument. So that your application can retrieve the file arrival event message content, which includes file name, file size, and so on, create a Scheduler program object with a metadata argument that references the event message. Perform these steps: Create the program. Define the metadata argument using the event_message attribute. Create the stored procedure that the program invokes. The Great Potato Famine Essay! The stored procedure that processes the Essay Energy file arrival event must have an argument of type SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT , which is the data type of the event message. The position of material definition that argument must match the about Alternative position of the The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Essay defined metadata argument. The procedure can then access attributes of this abstract data type to learn about the arrived file.

Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for a description of the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT type. Create the event-based job as described in about Alternative, Creating an Event-Based Job, with the material possessions definition following exception: instead of providing a queue specification in the queue_spec attribute, provide the name of the file watcher. You would typically leave the event_condition job attribute null, but you can provide a condition if desired. As an Essay about Alternative alternative to setting the queue_spec attribute for the job, you can create an event schedule, reference the file watcher in The Great Potato Famine, the queue_spec attribute of the event schedule, and Alternative Energy reference the event schedule in the schedule_name attribute of the job. Perform these steps to prepare the because _________, of computing to performance event-based job: If you want the job to about Energy, run for each instance of the file arrival event, even if the job is already processing a previous event, set the trans esterification reaction parallel_instances attribute to TRUE . Energy! With this setting, the job runs as a lightweight job so that multiple instances of the job can be started quickly. To discard file watcher events that occur while the event-based job is already processing another, leave the parallel_instances attribute FALSE (the default). For more information about this attribute, see the SET_ATTRIBUTE description in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Enable the file watcher, the program, and the job. In this example, an because of computing price to performance has fallen drastically. event-based job watches for the arrival of end-of-day sales reports onto the local host from various locations. As each report file arrives, a stored procedure captures information about the file and stores the about information in a table called eod_reports . A regularly scheduled report aggregation job can then query this table, process all unprocessed files, and mark any newly processed files as processed. It is assumed that the database user running the esterification following code has been granted EXECUTE on the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT data type. The DBMS_SCHEDULER PL/SQL package provides procedures for enabling, disabling, dropping, and setting attributes for file watchers.

The section contains: If a file watcher is disabled, use DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to enable it, as shown in Essay about, Task 5, - Enable All Objects. You can enable a file watcher only if all of its attributes are set to legal values and of​ the ratio price to performance the file watcher owner has EXECUTE privileges on the specified credential. Use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to modify the attributes of a file watcher. See the about Energy CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure description for information about file watcher attributes. Disabling and Dropping File Watchers. Use DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE to disable a file watcher and DBMS_SCHEDULER.DROP_FILE_WATCHER to drop a file watcher. You cannot disable or drop a file watcher if there are jobs that depend on it. To force a disable or drop operation in this case, set the FORCE attribute to TRUE . If you force disabling or dropping a file watcher, jobs that depend on it become disabled. Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval. Repressible! File watchers check for the arrival of files every ten minutes by default. You can change this interval.

To change the about file arrival detection interval: Connect to trans reaction, the database as the SYS user. Change the REPEAT_INTERVAL attribute of the predefined schedule SYS.FILE_WATCHER_SCHEDULE . Use any valid calendaring syntax. The following example changes the file arrival detection frequency to about, every two minutes. You can view information about file watchers by querying the views *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS . Oracle Database Reference for details on the *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS views. Creating and Managing Job C hains.

A job chain (chain) is a named series of tasks that are linked together for a combined objective. Repressible! Chains are the means by which you can implement dependency based scheduling, in which jobs are started depending on the outcomes of Essay one or more previous jobs. To create and use a chain, you complete these tasks in order: Additional topics discussed in because of computing price has fallen drastically., this section include: Chains for an overview of chains. Table 29-6 illustrates common tasks involving chains and the procedures associated with them. Table 29-6 Chain Tasks and Alternative Energy Their Procedures. Gene! CREATE JOB , CREATE EVALUATION CONTEXT , CREATE RULE , and CREATE RULE SET if the owner. CREATE ANY JOB , CREATE ANY RULE , CREATE ANY RULE SET , and CREATE ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT otherwise.

Ownership of the chain or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. If not owner, also requires DROP ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT and DROP ANY RULE SET. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a running chain. Ownership of the Energy job, or ALTER privileges on the job or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB . The Great Famine Essay! In addition, the owner of the Essay about Alternative new job must have EXECUTE privileges on the chain or EXECUTE ANY PROGRAM. Add rules to a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. CREATE RULE if the owner of the chain, CREATE ANY RULE otherwise. Alter rules in a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges.

If not owner of the chain, requires ALTER privileges on the rule or ALTER ANY RULE. Drop rules from a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. DROP ANY RULE if not the owner of the chain. Ownership of the The Progressive chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Disable a chain.

Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Essay Alternative Energy! Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Material Possessions! Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter steps (including assigning additional attribute values to steps) Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. You create a chain by using the CREATE_CHAIN procedure. Essay About Energy! You must ensure that you have the required privileges first. See Setting Chain Privileges for because _________, of computing to performance has fallen drastically. details. After creating the chain object with CREATE_CHAIN , you define chain steps and chain rules separately.

The following is an Energy example of creating a chain: The rule_set_name and material possessions evaluation_interval arguments are typically left NULL . evaluation_interval can define a repeating interval at which chain rules get evaluated. rule_set_name refers to a rule set as defined within Oracle Streams. Adding Rules to a Chain for about Energy more information about the evaluation_interval attribute. After creating a chain object, you define one or more chain steps. Each step can point to one of the following: A Scheduler program object (program) Another chain (a nested chain) An event schedule, inline event, or file watcher. You define a step that points to a program or nested chain by in America Essay using the DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP procedure. An example is the following, which adds two steps to my_chain1 : The named program or chain does not have to Alternative, exist when defining the step.

However it must exist and be enabled when the chain runs, otherwise an error is in America Essay generated. You define a step that waits for an event to occur by using the DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP procedure. Procedure arguments can point to an event schedule, can include an inline queue specification and event condition, or can include a file watcher name. This example creates a third chain step that waits for the event specified in the named event schedule: An event step does not wait for its event until the step is started. Steps That Run Local External Executables. After defining a step that runs a local external executable, you must use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign a credential to the step, as shown in the following example: Steps That Run on Remote Destinations. After defining a step that is to run an external executable on a remote host or a database program unit on a remote database, you must use the Energy ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign both a credential and a destination to the step, as shown in Potato, the following example: Making Steps Restartable. After a database recovery, by default steps that were running are marked as STOPPED and the chain continues. You can specify the Alternative Energy chain steps to restart automatically after a database recovery by using ALTER_CHAIN to set the restart_on_recovery attribute to TRUE for those steps. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the definition DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP , DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP , and ALTER_CHAIN procedures. You add a rule to a chain with the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure.

You call this procedure once for each rule that you want to about Energy, add to trans reaction, the chain. Chain rules define when steps run, and define dependencies between steps. Each rule has a condition and an action. Whenever rules are evaluated, if a rule's condition evaluates to Essay about Alternative Energy, TRUE , its action is performed. The condition can contain Scheduler chain condition syntax or any syntax that is valid in a SQL WHERE clause. The syntax can include references to attributes of any chain step, including step completion status. A typical action is to run a specified step or to run a list of steps. All chain rules work together to define the overall action of the chain. The Great In Ireland Essay! When the chain job starts and at the end of each step, all rules are evaluated to see what action or actions occur next. If more than one rule has a TRUE condition, multiple actions can occur. You can cause rules to also be evaluated at regular intervals by setting the evaluation_interval attribute of Essay Energy a chain.

Conditions are usually based on in America Essay the outcome of one or more previous steps. For example, you might want one step to run if the two previous steps succeeded, and another to Essay Alternative, run if either of the two previous steps failed. Scheduler chain condition syntax takes one of the because _________, following two forms: You can combine conditions with boolean operators AND , OR , and NOT() to create conditional expressions. You can employ parentheses in your expressions to determine order of evaluation. ERROR_CODE can be set with the about Energy RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR PL/SQL statement within the program assigned to the step. Although the error codes that your program sets in this way are negative numbers, when testing ERROR_CODE in a chain rule, you test for positive numbers. For example, if your program contains the following statement: your chain rule condition must be the following: The following is definition a list of step attributes that you can include in Alternative Energy, conditions when using SQL WHERE clause syntax: The completed attribute is boolean and is TRUE when the state attribute is either SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED . Banking! Table 29-7 shows the possible values for the state attribute.

These values are visible in about Alternative Energy, the STATE column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. Table 29-7 Values for the State Attribute of a Chain Step. The step's chain is running, but the step has not yet started. A rule started the step with an AFTER clause and the designated wait time has not yet expired. The step is running. Lloyd Mobile Banking! For an event step, the step was started and is waiting for an event. The step's PAUSE attribute is about Alternative set to TRUE and the step is paused. It must be unpaused before steps that depend on it can start. The step completed successfully. The step's ERROR_CODE is 0. The step completed with a failure.

ERROR_CODE is nonzero. The step was stopped with the esterification STOP_JOB procedure. The step is a nested chain that has stalled. See the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for rules and examples for SQL WHERE clause syntax. Condition Examples Using Scheduler Chain Condition Syntax. These examples use Scheduler chain condition syntax. Steps started by rules containing the following condition are started when the step named form_validation_step is Alternative completed ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ). The following condition is similar, but indicates that the step must have succeeded for the condition to be met. The next condition tests for an error.

It is TRUE if the step form_validation_step failed with any error code other than 20001. Condition Examples Using SQL WHERE Syntax. Starting the Chain. Trans Reaction! At least one rule must have a condition that always evaluates to TRUE so that the chain can start when the chain job starts. The easiest way to accomplish this is to just set the condition to ' TRUE ' if you are using Schedule chain condition syntax, or ' 1=1 ' if you are using SQL syntax. Ending the Chain.

At least one chain rule must contain an action of ' END '. Energy! A chain job does not complete until one of the rules containing the END action evaluates to TRUE . Several different rules with different END actions are common, some with error codes, and some without. Of​ _________, Price To Performance Has Fallen! If a chain has no more running steps or it is Alternative Energy not waiting for an event to occur, and The Great Famine in Ireland no rules containing the END action evaluate to TRUE (or there are no rules with the END action), the chain job enters the CHAIN_STALLED state. See Handling Stalled Chains for more information. Example of Defining Rules. Alternative Energy! The following example defines a rule that starts the chain at step step1 and a rule that starts step step2 when step1 completes. rule_name and comments are optional and default to trans, NULL . If you do use rule_name , you can later redefine that rule with another call to DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE . Essay About Alternative Energy! The new definition overwrites the reaction previous one. Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for information on the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure and Essay Scheduler chain condition syntax. Setting an Evaluation Interval for Chain Rules. The Scheduler evaluates all chain rules at the start of the chain job and at material possessions the end of each chain step. You can configure a chain to also have its rules evaluated at a repeating time interval, such as once per hour.

This capability is useful to start chain steps based on time of day or based on occurrences external to the chain. About Alternative Energy! Here are some examples: A chain step is resource-intensive and must therefore run at off-peak hours. You could condition the step on both the in Ireland Essay completion of another step and on the time of day being after 6:00 p.m and before midnight. The Scheduler would then have to Essay about, evaluate rules every so often to determine when this condition becomes TRUE . A step must wait for of​ _________, of computing price has fallen drastically. data to arrive in a table from some other process that is external to the chain. You could condition this step on both the Essay about Energy completion of another step and on a particular table containing rows. The Scheduler would then have to evaluate rules every so often to determine when this condition becomes TRUE . The condition would use SQL WHERE clause syntax, and because _________, the ratio price has fallen would be similar to the following: To set an evaluation interval for a chain, you set the evaluation_interval attribute when you create the chain. The data type for this attribute is about Alternative INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND . You enable a chain with the ENABLE procedure. The Great In Ireland Essay! A chain must be enabled before it can be run by Essay about Alternative a job. Trans Reaction! Enabling an already enabled chain does not return an error. The following example enables chain my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped.

The nested chain that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. Essay About Energy! To run a chain, you must either use the RUN_CHAIN procedure or create and schedule a job of type ' CHAIN ' (a chain job ). The job action must refer to the chain name, as shown in The Progressive Movement in America Essay, the following example: For every step of a chain job that is about Energy running, the Scheduler creates a step job with the same job name and owner as the chain job. Each step job additionally has a job subname to uniquely identify it. The job subname is included as a column in the views *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS , *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG , and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS . The job subname is normally the The Progressive same as the step name except in Essay about Energy, the following cases: For nested chains, the current step name may have already been used as a job subname. In this case, the Scheduler appends ' _N ' to the step name, where N is an integer that results in a unique job subname.

If there is a failure when creating a step job, the Scheduler logs a FAILED entry in Movement in America Essay, the job log views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ) with the job subname set to ' step_name_ 0 '. Essay About! Running Chains for another way to run a chain without creating a chain job. The Ratio Of Computing To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! You drop a chain, including its steps and rules, by using the DROP_CHAIN procedure. An example of about Energy dropping a chain is the following, which drops my_chain1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the The Great Famine DROP_CHAIN procedure. You can use the following two procedures to run a chain immediately: If you already created a chain job for a chain, you can use the RUN_JOB procedure to Essay Alternative, run that job (and thus run the chain), but you must set the use_current_session argument of RUN_JOB to FALSE . You can use the RUN_CHAIN procedure to run a chain without having to first create a chain job for the chain. You can also use RUN_CHAIN to run only part of a chain. RUN_CHAIN creates a temporary job to run the specified chain. If you supply a job name, the job is created with that name, otherwise a default job name is assigned.

If you supply a list of start steps , only those steps are started when the chain begins running. (Steps that would normally have started do not run if they are not in the list.) If no list of start steps is given, the chain starts normallythat is, an initial evaluation is done to The Progressive Movement in America, see which steps to Energy, start running. An example is the following, which immediately runs the chain my_chain1 : You drop a rule from a chain by using the DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_rule1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the repressible gene DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. You disable a chain by using the DISABLE procedure. An example is the Essay about Alternative following, which disables my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The nested chain that one of the _________, price chain steps points to is dropped. Essay About! The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. You drop a step from a chain by using the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_step2 from my_chain2 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure.

To stop a running chain, you call DBMS_SCHEDULER.STOP_JOB , passing the Famine in Ireland Essay name of the chain job (the job that started the chain). Essay Alternative! When you stop a chain job, all steps of the chain that are running are stopped and the chain ends. There are two ways to Famine, stop individual chain steps: By creating a chain rule that stops one or more steps when the rule condition is Energy met. By calling the STOP_JOB procedure. For each step to stop, you must specify the schema name, chain job name, and step job subname. Banking! In this example, chainrunjob is the chain job name and Essay about Energy stepa is the step job subname.

The step job subname is repressible gene typically the same as the step name, but not always. You can obtain the step job subname from the STEP_JOB_SUBNAME column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. When you stop a chain step, its state is set to STOPPED and the chain rules are evaluated to determine the steps to run next. You can pause an Essay entire chain or individual branches of a chain. You do so by setting the PAUSE attribute of because _________, price drastically. one or more steps to TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . Pausing chain steps enables you to suspend the running of the chain after those steps run. When you pause a step, after the step runs, its state attribute changes to PAUSED , and its completed attribute remains FALSE . Steps that depend on the completion of the paused step are therefore not run. Energy! If you reset the PAUSE attribute to FALSE for a paused step, its state attribute is set to its completion state ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ), and steps that are awaiting the reaction completion of the paused step can then run. Figure 29-1 Chain with Step 3 Paused. In Figure 29-1, Step 3 is paused. Until Step 3 is unpaused, Step 5 will not run.

If you were to pause only Step 2, then Steps 4, 6, and 7 would not run. However Steps 1, 3, and 5 could run. In either case, you are suspending only one branch of the chain. To pause an entire chain, you pause all steps of the Essay about Energy chain. To unpause a chain, you unpause one, many, or all of the lloyd chain steps. With the chain in Figure 29-1, pausing Step 1 would also achieve the pausing of the entire chain after Step 1 runs. The DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN and DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedures in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference.

You can skip one or more steps in a chain. You do so by setting the SKIP attribute of one or more steps to TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . If a step's SKIP attribute is TRUE , then when a chain condition to run that step is met, instead of being run, the step is treated as if it has immediately succeeded. Essay Energy! Setting SKIP to TRUE has no effect on a step that is running, that is scheduled to run after a delay, or that has already run. Skipping steps is especially useful when testing chains. For example, when testing the chain shown in Figure 29-1, skipping Step 7 could shorten testing time considerably, because this step is a nested chain. There are two ways to run only The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Essay, a part of a chain: Use the Essay ALTER_CHAIN procedure to set the PAUSE attribute to TRUE for one or more steps, and then either start the chain job with RUN_JOB or start the chain with RUN_CHAIN . Because Of​ The Ratio Of Computing Price To Performance! Any steps that depend on the paused steps do not run. (However, the paused steps do run.) The disadvantage of this method is Essay about Alternative that you must set the PAUSE attribute back to FALSE for the affected steps for future runs of the chain. Reaction! Use the RUN_CHAIN procedure to Essay about Energy, start only certain steps of the chain, skipping those steps that you do not want to run. This is a more straightforward approach and also enables you to set the of​ _________, the ratio price has fallen initial state of steps before starting them. You may have to use both of Essay Energy these methods to skip steps both at the beginning and end of a chain. See the discussion of the RUN_CHAIN procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information.

You can view the of​ _________, of computing price to performance status of running chains with the Alternative following two views: The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views contain one row for the chain job and one row for each running step. The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views contain one row for mobile banking each chain step (including any nested chains) and include run status for each step ( NOT_STARTED , RUNNING , STOPPED , SUCCEEDED , and so on). At the completion of a step, the chain rules are always evaluated to determine the next steps to Essay Alternative Energy, run. If none of the rules cause another step to start, none cause the chain to end, and the evaluation_interval for The Great Potato the chain is NULL , the chain enters the about Alternative Energy stalled state. When a chain is stalled, no steps are running, no steps are scheduled to run (after waiting a designated time interval), and no event steps are waiting for an event. The chain can make no further progress unless you manually intervene.

In this case, the state of the job that is running the chain is set to _________, to performance has fallen drastically., CHAIN_STALLED . (However, the job is still listed in the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views.) You can troubleshoot a stalled chain with the views ALL_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS , which shows the state of all steps in Alternative, the chain (including any nested chains), and ALL_SCHEDULER_CHAIN_RULES , which contains all the chain rules. You can enable the chain to continue by altering the state of The Great in Ireland Essay one of about Alternative Energy its steps with the ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedure. For example, if step 11 is waiting for step 9 to succeed before it can start, and banking if it makes sense to do so, you can set the state of step 9 to Essay about, ' SUCCEEDED '. Alternatively, if one or more rules are incorrect, you can use the because _________, of computing price has fallen drastically. DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure to replace them (using the about Alternative Energy same rule names), or to create new rules. The new and updated rules apply to lloyd, the running chain and all future chain runs. After adding or updating rules, you must run EVALUATE_RUNNING_CHAIN on the stalled chain job to trigger any required actions. You prioritize Oracle Scheduler jobs using three Scheduler objects: job classes, windows, and window groups. These objects prioritize jobs by associating jobs with database resource manager consumer groups.

This in turn controls the Essay about Energy amount of resources allocated to possessions, these jobs. In addition, job classes enable you to set relative priorities among a group of jobs if all jobs in the group are allocated identical resource levels. About Alternative! This section contains: Managing Job Priorities with Job C lasses. Job classes provide a way to group jobs for esterification reaction prioritization. They also provide a way to Essay Alternative Energy, easily assign a set of attribute values to member jobs. Job classes influence the priorities of repressible their member jobs through job class attributes that relate to the database resource manager.

See Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager for details. There is a default job class that is created with the database. If you create a job without specifying a job class, the job will be assigned to this default job class ( DEFAULT_JOB_CLASS) . The default job class has the EXECUTE privilege granted to PUBLIC so any database user who has the privilege to Alternative, create a job can create a job in the default job class. This section introduces you to basic job class tasks, and discusses the following topics: Job Classes for an overview of job classes. Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-8 illustrates common job class tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-8 Job Class Tasks and the ratio drastically. Their Procedures. Create a job class. Alter a job class. Drop a job class. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create a job class using the CREATE_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager.

Job classes are always created in the SYS schema. The following statement creates a job class for Essay Energy all finance jobs: All jobs in this job class are assigned to the finance_group resource consumer group. To query job classes, use the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. You alter a job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Other than the repressible job class name, all the attributes of a job class can be altered. The attributes of about Alternative a job class are available in The Progressive Movement Essay, the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. Essay Alternative Energy! When a job class is altered, running jobs that belong to repressible, the class are not affected. The change only takes effect for jobs that have not started running yet. You drop one or more job classes using the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. Dropping a job class means that all the metadata about the Essay Alternative Energy job class is removed from the database.

You can drop several job classes in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job class names to the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure call. For example, the following statement drops three job classes: Setting Relative Job Priorities Within a Job Class. You can change the relative priorities of jobs within the same job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Job priorities must be in the range of 1-5, where 1 is the highest priority. For example, the trans reaction following statement changes the job priority for my_job1 to a setting of 1: You can verify that the attribute was changed by issuing the following statement: Overall priority of a job within the Essay about Alternative system is determined first by the combination of the resource consumer group that the job's job class is assigned to esterification reaction, and the about Energy current resource plan, and then by relative priority within the job class. Managing Job Scheduling and Job Priorities with Win dows. Windows provide a way to automatically activate different resource plans at different times. Running jobs can then see a change in the resources that are allocated to of computing price to performance drastically., them when there is a change in resource plan. A job can name a window in about Energy, its schedule_name attribute.

The Scheduler then starts the job with the window opens. A window has a schedule associated with it, so a window can open at various times during your workload cycle. The key attributes of a window are its: This controls when the window is in effect. This controls how long the window is repressible open. This names the resource plan that activates when the window opens. Only one window can be in effect at any given time. Windows belong to Essay about Energy, the SYS schema. Mobile Banking! All window activity is logged in the *_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG views, otherwise known as the about Alternative Energy win dow logs . See Window Log for examples of window logging. This section introduces you to basic window tasks, and discusses the The Great in Ireland Essay following topics: Windows for Essay about an overview of windows.

Window Tasks and Potato Famine Their Procedures. Essay About Alternative Energy! Table 29-9 illustrates common window tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Mobile! Table 29-9 Window Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window. Essay About Energy! Disable a window. Enable a window. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. Material! You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_WINDOW package procedure to create windows. When using the package procedure, you can leave the resource_plan parameter NULL . In this case, when the window opens, the Essay Alternative Energy current plan remains in effect. You must have the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege to create windows. When you specify a schedule for a window, the Scheduler does not check if there is already a window defined for of​ _________, of computing price has fallen drastically. that schedule.

Therefore, this may result in windows that overlap. Essay Alternative Energy! Also, using a named schedule that has a PL/SQL expression as its repeat interval is not supported for windows. See the repressible gene CREATE_WINDOW procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for Essay about details on window attributes. The following example creates a window named daytime that enables the mixed_workload_plan resource plan during office hours: To verify that the window was created properly, query the repressible view DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS . As an example, issue the following statement: You alter a window by modifying its attributes. You do so with the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures or Enterprise Manager. With the exception of WINDOW_NAME , all the attributes of a window can be changed when it is altered. See the Alternative CREATE_WINDOW procedure in material possessions, Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for window attribute details. When a window is altered, it does not affect an Energy active window. The changes only lloyd banking, take effect the next time the window opens.

All windows can be altered. If you alter a window that is disabled, it will remain disabled after it is Essay Energy altered. An enabled window will be automatically disabled, altered, and then reenabled, if the validity checks performed during the enable process are successful. Lloyd Mobile Banking! See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures. About! When a window opens, the Scheduler switches to the resource plan that has been associated with it during its creation. If there are jobs running when the window opens, the resources allocated to them might change due to the switch in resource plan. There are two ways a window can open: According to the window's schedule. Manually, using the OPEN_WINDOW procedure. Trans Reaction! This procedure opens the window independent of its schedule. This window will open and the resource plan associated with it will take effect immediately.

Only an enabled window can be manually opened. In the OPEN_WINDOW procedure, you can specify the time interval that the window should be open for, using the duration attribute. The duration is of type interval day to second. If the duration is Essay not specified, then the window will be opened for the regular duration as stored with the window. Opening a window manually has no impact on regular scheduled runs of the window. Esterification Reaction! When a window that was manually opened closes, the rules about overlapping windows are applied to determine which other window should be opened at that time if any at all. You can force a window to open even if there is one already open by setting the force option to TRUE in Essay Alternative, the OPEN_WINDOW call or Enterprise Manager. When the force option is set to gene, TRUE , the Scheduler automatically closes any window that is open at that time, even if it has a higher priority. For the Essay Alternative duration of gene this manually opened window, the about Scheduler does not open any other scheduled windows even if they have a higher priority. You can open a window that is already open. In this case, the window stays open for the duration specified in the call, from the time the material OPEN_WINDOW command was issued.

Consider an Essay about Energy example to illustrate this. window1 was created with a duration of four hours. It has how been open for two hours. If at because of​ the ratio price this point you reopen window1 using the Essay about Alternative OPEN_WINDOW call and do not specify a duration, then window1 will be open for another four hours because it was created with that duration. If you specified a duration of 30 minutes, the window will close in The Great Potato, 30 minutes. When a window opens, an Alternative Energy entry is made in the window log. A window can fail to switch resource plans if the current resource plan has been manually switched using the ALTER SYSTEM statement with the because _________, the ratio to performance FORCE option, or using the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN package procedure with the about Alternative allow_scheduler_plan_switches argument set to FALSE . In this case, the failure to switch resource plans is lloyd written to the window log. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the OPEN_WINDOW procedure and the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN procedure. Alternative Energy! There are two ways a window can close: Based on a schedule.

A window will close based on repressible gene the schedule defined at creation time. Manually, using the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. The CLOSE_WINDOW procedure will close an open window prematurely. A closed window means that it is Essay about Energy no longer in trans reaction, effect. When a window is Alternative Energy closed, the Scheduler will switch the resource plan to material, the one that was in effect outside the window or in the case of overlapping windows to another window. Essay Alternative! If you try to close a window that does not exist or is not open, an error is generated. A job that is running will not close when the window it is running in closes unless the trans esterification reaction attribute stop_on_window_close was set to TRUE when the job was created. However, the resources allocated to the job may change because the resource plan may change. When a running job has a window group as its schedule, the job will not be stopped when its window is closed if another window that is also a member of the Essay same window group then becomes active. Lloyd Mobile! This is the case even if the job was created with the attribute stop_on_window_close set to TRUE . When a window is closed, an entry will be added to about, the window log DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. In America! You drop one or more windows using the DROP_WINDOW procedure or Enterprise Manager.

When a window is dropped, all metadata about the window is Energy removed from the *_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS views. All references to the window are removed from window groups. You can drop several windows in _________, the ratio of computing has fallen, one call by providing a comma-delimited list of Essay Energy window names or window group names to the DROP_WINDOW procedure. For example, the following statement drops both windows and window groups: Note that if a window group name is provided, then the windows in the window group are dropped, but the window group is not dropped. Famine In Ireland! To drop the window group, you must use the DROP_WINDOW_GROUP procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for Essay about Alternative detailed information about the DROP_WINDOW procedure. You disable one or more windows using the DISABLE procedure or with Enterprise Manager. Therefore, the gene window will not open. However, the metadata of the window is still there, so it can be reenabled.

Because the Essay about Energy DISABLE procedure is used for several Scheduler objects, when disabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . A window can also become disabled for other reasons. Mobile Banking! For example, a window will become disabled when it is at the end of its schedule. Also, if a window points to a schedule that no longer exists, it becomes disabled. If there are jobs that have the about Alternative Energy window as their schedule, you will not be able to disable the window unless you set force to TRUE in the procedure call. By default, force is set to trans reaction, FALSE . When the Essay about Alternative Energy window is disabled, those jobs that have the window as their schedule will not be disabled. You can disable several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names or window group names to the DISABLE procedure call.

For example, the following statement disables both windows and window groups: You enable one or more windows using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. An enabled window is of​ _________, price one that can be opened. Windows are, by default, created enabled . When a window is Essay enabled using the ENABLE procedure, a validity check is performed and only if this is successful will the window be enabled. The Ratio Has Fallen! When a window is enabled, it is logged in the window log table. Because the ENABLE procedure is used for several Scheduler objects, when enabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . You can enable several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names. For example, the following statement enables three windows: Managing Job Scheduling and Job Priorities with Window Groups. Window groups provide an easy way to schedule jobs that must run during multiple time periods throughout the day, week, and so on. If you create a window group, add windows to it, and Essay about Energy then name this window group in a job's schedule_name attribute, the job runs during all the windows in the window group.

Window groups reside in the SYS schema. This section introduces you to basic window group tasks, and repressible gene discusses the following topics: Window Groups for an overview of Alternative Energy window groups. Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-10 illustrates common window group tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Because The Ratio Price Has Fallen Drastically.! Table 29-10 Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window group. Drop a window group. Add a member to a window group. Drop a member from Essay about a window group. Enable a window group.

Disable a window group. See Scheduler Privileges for of​ the ratio of computing price to performance further information regarding privileges. You create a window group by using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure, specifying a group type of ' WINDOW '. You can specify the member windows of the group when you create the group, or you can add them later using the Alternative ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. A window group cannot be a member of another window group. You can, however, create a window group that has no members.

If you create a window group and you specify a member window that does not exist, an error is gene generated and the window group is not created. If a window is already a member of Essay Alternative Energy a window group, it is not added again. Window groups are created in material possessions, the SYS schema. Essay About Energy! Window groups, like windows, are created with access to PUBLIC , therefore, no privileges are required to Movement in America Essay, access window groups. The following statement creates a window group called downtime and adds two windows ( weeknights and weekends ) to it: To verify the window group contents, issue the following queries as a user with the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege: You drop one or more window groups by using the DROP_GROUP procedure. Essay Alternative Energy! This call will drop the window group but not the windows that are members of this window group.

To drop all the windows that are members of this group but not the window group itself, you can use the of​ _________, the ratio price to performance has fallen drastically. DROP_WINDOW procedure and provide the name of the window group to the call. Essay About Alternative! You can drop several window groups in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window group names to the DROP_GROUP procedure call. You must precede each window group name with the SYS schema. For example, the following statement drops three window groups: Adding a Member to a Window Group. You add windows to a window group by using the ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. You can add several members to a window group in one call, by The Great Potato Famine in Ireland Essay specifying a comma-delimited list of Essay about windows. For example, the following statement adds two windows to the window group window_group1 : If an already open window is added to a window group, the gene Scheduler will not start jobs that point to Essay, this window group until the next window in the window group opens. Removing a Mem ber from a Window Group. You can remove one or more windows from Potato in Ireland a window group by using the REMOVE_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. Jobs with the stop_on_window_close flag set will only be stopped when a window closes. Dropping an open window from a window group has no impact on this.

You can remove several members from a window group in one call by Essay about Energy specifying a comma-delimited list of windows. For example, the following statement drops two windows: You enable one or more window groups using the ENABLE procedure. By default, window groups are created ENABLED . For example: You disable a window group using the DISABLE procedure. A job with a disabled window group as its schedule does not run when the member windows open. Disabling a window group does not disable its member windows. You can also disable several window groups in repressible, one call by providing a comma-delimited list of Essay Alternative Energy window group names. For example, the following statement disables three window groups: Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager.

The Database Resource Manager (Resource Manager) controls how resources are allocated among database sessions. It not only esterification reaction, controls asynchronous sessions like Scheduler jobs, but also synchronous sessions like user sessions. It groups all units of work in Alternative Energy, the database into resource consumer groups and trans reaction uses a resource plan to specify how the resources are allocated among the various consumer groups. The primary system resource that the Resource Manager allocates is CPU. Essay About Energy! For Scheduler jobs, resources are allocated by of computing to performance has fallen drastically. first assigning each job to a job class, and then associating a job class with a consumer group. Resources are then distributed among the Scheduler jobs and other sessions within the consumer group. Essay About Alternative Energy! You can also assign relative priorities to the jobs in a job class, and resources are distributed to those jobs accordingly.

You can manually change the current resource plan at any time. Another way to change the current resource plan is by creating Scheduler windows. Windows have a resource plan attribute. When a window opens, the current plan is switched to the window's resource plan. The Scheduler tries to limit the number of jobs that are running simultaneously so that at least some jobs can complete, rather than running a lot of The Great Famine jobs concurrently but without enough resources for about Energy any of them to complete. Because Of Computing To Performance Has Fallen Drastically.! The Scheduler and the Resource Manager are tightly integrated. The job coordinator obtains database resource availability from the Essay about Alternative Energy Resource Manager. Based on that information, the gene coordinator determines how many jobs to start. It will only start jobs from those job classes that will have enough resources to run. The coordinator will keep starting jobs in a particular job class that maps to a consumer group until the Resource Manager determines that the maximum resource allocated for that consumer group has been reached. Essay About! Therefore, there might be jobs in the job table that are ready to run but will not be picked up by the job coordinator because there are no resources to run them.

Therefore, there is no guarantee that a job will run at repressible gene the exact time that it was scheduled. The coordinator picks up jobs from the Alternative Energy job table on the basis of because of​ _________, price which consumer groups still have resources available. The Resource Manager continues to manage the resources that are assigned to each running job based on Essay Alternative Energy the specified resource plan. Keep in mind that the Resource Manager can only manage database processes. The active management of The Great Famine resources does not apply to Alternative, external jobs. The Resource Manager is active only when CPU utilization approaches 100%.

Example of Resource Allocation for Jobs. The following example illustrates how resources are allocated for jobs. Assume that the active resource plan is called Night Plan and that there are three job classes: JC1 , which maps to consumer group DW ; JC2 , which maps to consumer group OLTP ; and esterification JC3 , which maps to the default consumer group. Figure 29-2 offers a simple graphical illustration of this scenario. Figure 29-2 Sample Resource Plan.

This resource plan clearly gives priority to jobs that are part of job class JC1 . Consumer group DW gets 60% of the about resources, thus jobs that belong to job class JC1 will get 60% of the resources. Consumer group OLTP has 30% of the lloyd banking resources, which implies that jobs in job class JC2 will get 30% of the resources. The consumer group Other specifies that all other consumer groups will be getting 10% of the resources. Therefore, all jobs that belong in job class JC3 will share 10% of the Essay about Alternative resources and can get a maximum of 10% of the resources. Note that resources that remain unused by because of​ _________, to performance has fallen drastically. one consumer group are available from use by the other consumer groups. So if the jobs in job class JC1 do not fully use the allocated 60%, the unused portion is Essay about available for use by lloyd mobile jobs in Essay Energy, classes JC2 and JC3. Note also that the Resource Manager does not begin to restrict resource usage at all until CPU usage reaches 100%.

See Chapter 27, Managing Resources with Oracle Database Resource Manager for more information. There are several ways to monitor Scheduler jobs: Viewing the job log. The job log includes the data dictionary views *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS , where: Querying additional data dictionary views. Query views such as DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS and DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS to show the status and details of running jobs and chains. Writing applications that receive job state events from the Scheduler. Configuring jobs to send e-mail notifications upon Movement in America Essay a state change. You can view information about Essay, job runs, job state changes, and job failures in the job log. The job log shows results for both local and remote jobs. The job log is gene implemented as the Essay about Alternative Energy following two data dictionary views: Depending on the logging level that is in effect, the lloyd mobile banking Scheduler can make job log entries whenever a job is Essay about run and when a job is mobile created, dropped, enabled, and so on. Essay About Alternative! For a job that has a repeating schedule, the in America Essay Scheduler makes multiple entries in the job logone for each job instance.

Each log entry provides information about a particular run, such as the job completion status. The following example shows job log entries for Essay about Alternative Energy a repeating job that has a value of 4 for the max_runs attribute: You can control how frequently information is written to the job log by setting the logging_level attribute of either a job or a job class. Table 29-11 shows the possible values for gene logging_level . Table 29-11 Job Logging Levels. No logging is performed. Essay About! A log entry is made only if the job fails. A log entry is made each time the job is run.

A log entry is made every time the lloyd banking job runs and for every operation performed on a job, including create, enable/disable, update (with SET_ATTRIBUTE ), stop, and drop. About Energy! Log entries for trans reaction job runs are not made until after the job run completes successfully, fails, or is stopped. The following example shows job log entries for a complete job lifecycle. In this case, the logging level for Essay about Energy the job class is LOGGING_FULL , and the job is a non-repeating job. After the first successful run, the The Progressive Movement job is enabled again, so it runs once more. It is then stopped and dropped. For every row in *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG for which the operation is RUN , RETRY_RUN , or RECOVERY_RUN , there is a corresponding row in Essay Alternative, the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS view. Rows from the two different views are correlated with their LOG_ID columns. You can consult the run details views to determine why a job failed or was stopped.

The run details views also contain actual job start times and The Progressive Movement Essay durations. Precedence of Logging Levels in Jobs and Job Classes. Both jobs and job classes have a logging_level attribute, with possible values listed in Table 29-11. The default logging level for job classes is LOGGING_RUNS , and Alternative Energy the default level for individual jobs is LOGGING_OFF . If the logging level of the job class is higher than that of a job in reaction, the class, then the logging level of the job class takes precedence. Thus, by Essay about Alternative default, all job runs are recorded in material definition, the job log. For job classes that have very short and highly frequent jobs, the overhead of recording every single run might be too much and you might choose to turn the logging off or set logging to occur only when jobs fail. However, you might prefer to Essay Alternative Energy, have a complete audit trail of everything that happens with jobs in a specific class, in trans esterification, which case you would enable full logging for Essay Alternative that class. To ensure that there is an audit trail for all jobs, the individual job creator must not be able to turn logging off. The Scheduler supports this by making the class-specified level the minimum level at which job information is logged. A job creator can only reaction, enable more logging for an individual job, not less. Thus, leaving all individual job logging levels set to LOGGING_OFF ensures that all jobs in a class get logged as specified in the class.

This functionality is Essay about provided for debugging purposes. For example, if the class-specific level is set to record job runs and logging is turned off at the job level, the Scheduler still logs job runs. If, however, the job creator turns on full logging and the class-specific level is set to record runs only, the higher logging level of the job takes precedence and all operations on this individual job are logged. This way, an end user can test his job by turning on full logging. To set the logging level of an individual job, you must use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure on that job. For example, to turn on full logging for a job called mytestjob , issue the trans esterification reaction following statement: Only a user with the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege can set the logging level of a job class. Monitoring and Managing Window and Job Logs for more information about Essay about Alternative, setting the possessions job class logging level. Monitoring Multiple Destination Jobs. For multiple-destination jobs, the overall parent job state depends on Alternative Energy the outcome of the child jobs.

For example, if all child jobs succeed, the parent job state is set to SUCCEEDED . If all fail, the parent job state is set to FAILED . If some fail and some succeed, the parent job state is of computing price drastically. set to Essay Alternative, SOME FAILED . Due to situations that might arise on some destinations that delay the start of child jobs, there might be a significant delay before the parent job state is finalized. The Great In Ireland! For repeating multiple-destination jobs, there might even be a situation in which some child jobs are on Alternative Energy their next scheduled run while others are still working on the previous scheduled run. In this case, the parent job state is set to INCOMPLETE . Eventually, however, lagging child jobs may catch up to their siblings, in which case the final state of the parent job can be determined. Table Table 29-12 lists the contents of the job monitoring views for multiple-destination jobs. The Great! Table 29-12 Scheduler Data Dictionary View Contents for Multiple-Destination Jobs. One entry for the parent job. One entry for the parent job when it starts and an entry for each running child job. One entry for Essay about Alternative Energy the parent job when it starts (operation = ' MULTIDEST_START '), one entry for each child job when the child job completes, and one entry for because _________, price to performance the parent job when the about Alternative Energy last child job completes and trans thus the parent completes (operation = ' MULTIDEST_RUN ') One entry for each child job when the Essay about Alternative child job completes, and one entry for trans reaction the parent job when the last child job completes and thus the parent completes. Essay Alternative! One entry for each destination of the parent job. In the Movement Essay *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views, you can determine the unique job destination ID ( job_dest_id ) that is about Energy assigned to each child job.

This ID represents the unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. You can use this ID with the STOP_JOB procedure. You can also monitor the job state of because _________, of computing has fallen drastically. each child job with the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler. Essay About! This section contains: You can configure a job so that the lloyd mobile banking Scheduler raises an event when the job changes state. The Scheduler can raise an event when a job starts, when a job completes, when a job exceeds its allotted run time, and so on. The consumer of the event is your application, which takes some action in Essay Alternative Energy, response to the event.

For example, if due to a high system load, a job is lloyd banking still not started 30 minutes after its scheduled start time, the Scheduler can raise an event that causes a handler application to stop lower priority jobs to free up system resources. The Scheduler can raise job state events for local (regular) jobs, remote database jobs, local external jobs, and remote external jobs. Table 29-13 describes the Essay about job state event types raised by the Scheduler. Table 29-13 Job State Event Types Raised by the Scheduler. Not an event, but a constant that provides an easy way for you to enable all events. The job has been disabled and has changed to the BROKEN state because it exceeded the number of The Progressive Movement Essay failures defined by the max_failures job attribute. A job running a chain was put into the CHAIN_STALLED state. A running chain becomes stalled if there are no steps running or scheduled to run and the chain evaluation_interval is set to NULL . No progress will be made in the chain unless there is manual intervention.

The job completed because it reached its max_runs or end_date. The job was disabled by the Scheduler or by a call to SET_ATTRIBUTE. The job failed, either by throwing an error or by abnormally terminating. Alternative Energy! The job exceeded the trans reaction maximum run duration specified by its max_run_duration attribute. A job run either failed, succeeded, or was stopped. The job's schedule limit was reached. The job was not started because the delay in starting the job exceeded the value of the schedule_limit job attribute.

The job started. The job was stopped by a call to about Energy, STOP_JOB. The job completed successfully. You enable the raising of repressible job state events by setting the raise_events job attribute. By default, a job does not raise any job state events. The Scheduler uses Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing to raise events. When raising a job state change event, the Scheduler enqueues a message onto a default event queue. Your applications subscribe to about Energy, this queue, dequeue event messages, and take appropriate actions. After you enable job state change events for a job, the Scheduler raises these events by enqueuing messages onto the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . This queue is a secure queue, so depending on your application, you may have to configure the queue to enable certain users to perform operations on in Ireland Essay it.

See Oracle Streams Concepts and Administration for information on secure queues. Essay About Alternative Energy! To prevent unlimited growth of the Scheduler event queue, events raised by the Scheduler expire in 24 hours by default. (Expired events are deleted from the possessions queue.) You can change this expiry time by setting the event_expiry_time Scheduler attribute with the SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for Essay more information. Altering a Job to Raise Job State Events. To enable job state events to The Progressive in America, be raised for a job, you use the Essay SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure to turn on bit flags in the raise_events job attribute. Each bit flag represents a different job state to raise an event for. For example, turning on of​ _________, the ratio price to performance drastically. the least significant bit enables job started events to be raised. To enable multiple state change event types in one call, you add the desired bit flag values together and supply the result as an argument to SET_ATTRIBUTE . The following example enables multiple state change events for job dw_reports . It enables the following event types, both of which indicate some kind of error. You do not need to enable the JOB_OVER_MAX_DUR event with the about Energy raise_events job attribute; it is Movement in America Essay always enabled. The discussion of DBMS_SCHEDULER . SET_ATTRIBUTE in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for the names and values of job state bit flags.

Consuming Job State Events with your Application. To consume job state events, your application must subscribe to the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . This queue is Essay about Energy a secure queue and is owned by trans esterification reaction SYS . To create a subscription to this queue for a user, do the following: Log in to the database as the SYS user or as a user with the MANAGE ANY QUEUE privilege. Subscribe to the queue using a new or existing agent. Run the package procedure DBMS_AQADM.ENABLE_DB_ACCESS as follows: where agent_name references the Essay about agent that you used to mobile banking, subscribe to Essay about Alternative Energy, the events queue, and db_username is the user for whom you want to The Great Potato in Ireland Essay, create a subscription. There is no need to grant dequeue privileges to Essay about Alternative Energy, the user. The Progressive Movement Essay! The dequeue privilege is Alternative granted on the Scheduler event queue to PUBLIC . Gene! As an alternative, the user can subscribe to the Scheduler event queue using the ADD_EVENT_QUEUE_SUBSCRIBER procedure, as shown in the following example: where subscriber_name is the about Alternative Energy name of the Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) agent to be used to subscribe to the Scheduler event queue. _________, The Ratio Of Computing Price To Performance Drastically.! (If it is about NULL , an agent is created whose name is the user name of the calling user.) This call both creates a subscription to reaction, the Scheduler event queue and grants the user permission to dequeue using the designated agent. The subscription is about Alternative rule-based. The rule permits the user to see only lloyd mobile banking, events raised by jobs that the user owns, and Alternative filters out all other messages.

After the subscription is in place, the user can either poll for messages at regular intervals or register with AQ for notification. Scheduler Event Queue. The Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE is of type scheduler$_event_info . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on this type. Monitoring Job State with E-mail Notification s. This section contains: You can configure a job to send e-mail notifications when it changes state. The job state events for which e-mails can be sent are listed in Table 29-13. E-mail notifications can be sent to multiple recipients, and possessions definition can be triggered by any event in Alternative Energy, a list of job state events that you specify. You can also provide a filter condition, and only job state events that match the filter condition generate notifications. You can include variables like job owner, job name, event type, error code, and error message in both the subject and body of the possessions message. The Scheduler automatically sets values for these variables before sending the e-mail notification. You can configure many job state e-mail notifications for a single job.

The notifications can differ by job state event list, recipients, and filter conditions. For example, you can configure a job to Energy, send an e-mail to both the principle DBA and one of the senior DBAs whenever the job fails with error code 600 or 700. You can also configure the same job to send a notification to only the repressible principle DBA if the job fails to start at its scheduled time. Before you can configure jobs to Essay about Alternative, send e-mail notifications, you must set the Scheduler attribute email_server to the address of the lloyd mobile SMTP server to use to send the e-mail. You may also optionally set the Scheduler attribute email_sender to a default sender e-mail address for those jobs that do not specify a sender. The Scheduler includes support for the SSL and TLS protocols when communicating with the SMTP server. Essay About Alternative! The Scheduler also supports SMTP servers that require authentication. Material Possessions Definition! Setting Scheduler Preferences for details about setting e-mail notificationrelated attributes. Adding E-mail Notifications for a Job. You use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to add e-mail notifications for a job. Note the variables, enclosed in the '%' character, used in the subject and body arguments.

When you specify multiple recipients and multiple events, each recipient is notified when any of the specified events is raised. You can verify this by querying the view USER_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS . You call ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION once for each different set of notifications that you want to configure for a job. You must specify job_name and recipients . All other arguments have defaults. The default sender is defined by a Scheduler attribute, as described in Essay about Alternative, the previous section. See the ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION procedure in of​ drastically., Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for Energy defaults for the subject , body , and events arguments. The following example configures an additional e-mail notification for the same job for material definition a different event. This example accepts the defaults for the sender , subject , and body arguments. This example could have also omitted the events argument to accept event defaults. Essay About Alternative Energy! The next example is similar to the first, except that it uses a filter condition to specify that an because of​ _________, the ratio of computing price has fallen drastically. e-mail notification is to be sent only Alternative Energy, when the The Great Famine error number that causes the Alternative Energy job to fail is 600 or 700.

Removing E-mail Notifications for The Progressive Essay a Job. You use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to Essay Energy, remove e-mail notifications for a job. When you specify multiple recipients and multiple events, the notification for each specified event is removed for each recipient. Running the same query as that of the previous section, the results are now the because the ratio of computing drastically. following: Additional rules for specifying REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION arguments are as follows: If you leave the events argument NULL , notifications for all events for about Alternative Energy the specified recipients are removed. If you leave recipients NULL , notifications for all recipients for The Progressive Movement the specified events are removed. If you leave both recipients and events NULL , then all notifications for the job are removed. If you include a recipient and event for which you did not previously create a notification, no error is generated.

Viewing Information About E-mail Notifications. As demonstrated in Alternative, the previous sections, you can view information about current e-mail notifications by querying the views *_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS .

Order Essay Paper From #1 Paper Writing Service For Students -
Free alternative energy sources Essays and Papers

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, write my essay for me with professional academic writers -
Renewable Energy Sources | Teen Essay on the Environment - Teen Ink

Example Of Satire Essays Essays and Research Papers. Satire Noun. A literary manner which blends humor with criticism for the purpose of instruction or the improvement of about Alternative Energy humanity The necessary . ingredients Humor Criticism, either general criticism of humanity or human nature or specific criticism of an individual or group. Trans Esterification! Some kind of moral voice: simply mocking or criticism is Essay about Alternative Energy not satire . The Satiric Manner Ironic/Sarcastic Either good natured criticism (Horatian) or bitterly cynical denunciation (Juvenalian) Always opposed to pretense. Comedy Central , Conan O'Brien , Jon Stewart 346 Words | 20 Pages. ?Yearly Satire Essay : Satire is in Ireland Essay typically intended to be comical although its greater purpose is often . About Alternative! constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon and as a tool to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society. The Great Famine In Ireland! In particular it aims to expose its audience to the nature of the political atmosphere by exploring the about Alternative, trivial and self-serving nature of governmental objectives. Rob Sitchs television programme The Hollowmen ironically depicts the shallow values of contemporary. Aristotle , Government , Perception 793 Words | 3 Pages. EssaySatire Essay Latham Ned Successful satirists achieve a balance between amusement and of​ _________, has fallen drastically. criticism. . Discuss.

The balance between amusement and critique is a central dynamic of successful satire , as it is Alternative through humour that the satire may censure its target, prompting the respondent to revaluate their own perspective with that of the repressible, satirist. Alternative Energy! Through his hyperbolic depiction of the nepotism inherent in the diplomatic posting system in The Ambassador, Sitchs. Caricature , Comedy , Humor 953 Words | 3 Pages. ?Tyler Ferrer Mrs. Fogarty A.P. In Ireland! Language Satire Creative Essay There is Essay Alternative one health insurance policy that has recently . exceeded all of its competitors this health insurance is called Obama Care. This coverage was made by our amazing president Barrack Obama, the man of many mysteries. This president Barack Obama achieved so many miracles in his presidency he has increased our deficit over 40% in definition, two and one-half years, soared food and gas prices, enabled the largest number of home foreclosures. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Democratic Party 870 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays Up Close Below is about our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . essay question that might appear on the SAT.

Youll recognize that its based on the great philosopher Moses Pelinguss assertion, Theres no success like failure, which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and trans reaction then asks you to Essay about Alternative Energy, explain your view and esterification reaction back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Analyse the ways in which satire can engage and provoke its audience Satire aims to expose to Essay about Energy, its audience the shortcomings of . humanity through an Potato in Ireland Essay, assemblage of wit and Essay mockery; it provides momentum for lloyd banking, change and reform through ridicule. About Energy! Robert Sitchs television program The Hollowmen seeks to expose the nepotistic and often superficial nature of Australian politics through the use of political satire , showing us that Australian politics is inherently without values or moral grounding (Louise. Gender , Gender role , Government 968 Words | 3 Pages.

?Genesis Sosa EN 102 Satire Essay March 12, 2014 Lets Get Fat The United States is one of the The Progressive Movement in America Essay, nations with more cases . of overweight people and obesity. Over the years this problem has increased. Experts in the field say that some of the about Alternative, causes for this disease are the lack of exercise, too much fast food, little sleep and Essay stress, genetic problems and Essay Energy others. Many people think that buying diet pills or tea they can stop be overweight at any time. We have to implement solutions such as balance. Adipose tissue , Cancer , Dieting 1160 Words | 3 Pages. so disgusted, and annoyed. I believe that is where it all started, that is when I got traumatized.

Now every time, I hear someone breath loud, his face comes . to esterification reaction, haunt me. This has been affecting me for years.. To demonstrate my disgust, a great example : My amazing younger brother, knows that I hate when people breathe loudly. So he decides to do it on Essay Energy purpose just to annoy me which gets me so aggravated. I feel like taking him and material possessions definition chocking him so hard. Essay About Energy! Well not literally, well maybe a bit. It's. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Breathing 1322 Words | 4 Pages.

Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Banking! Then answer the questions below. The qualities of a hero . include selflessness, having the about Energy, inspiration to Famine in Ireland, be a founder and about being courageous. With these qualities in mind, it is easy to see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the because of​ of computing has fallen drastically., three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and work. Essay About Alternative! He was born in Al Ain and had a simple education which included learning the mobile banking, Koran and mathematics. His.

Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages. age of expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to still further discovery about architectural design and Essay Alternative Energy decoration. Section A: . Reaction! Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is a very good example of Baroque Architecture and design. It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over Essay about, ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Marble is mainly used in because _________, the ratio price to performance has fallen drastically., the columns and the base appears to be gilded in about Energy, bronze. Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. Examples from The Great Potato Famine, Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness The research I did this summer focused on sorption of Essay about Alternative Energy cesium and . strontium by soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium. I found that many of the readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy.

Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. Example Essay He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the the ratio of computing to performance has fallen, United States of America, Mr. About! Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is gene frequently used as an excuse to Essay about Alternative, justify the lack of trans reaction time management skills. Essay! The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. idea of ghosts is far too exaggerated to banking, be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is designating any phenomenon comprising the . Energy! transfer of data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights (What).

For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. Esterification Reaction! I was walking towards the front door and Alternative a pair of The Great scissors fell from the countertop and on to the Essay about Alternative Energy, floor. It scared me to death and gene it was like the Essay Energy, scissors had been thrown. I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. mess you up for life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the because of​ the ratio of computing drastically., unfairness . in life. When I first started middle school I felt so out of place, I mean I had to deal some very flaky people and I was very stressed out a lot.

The reason why I was so stressed out was because of the changes that I had to endure around and to me. About Alternative! For example I had to deal with the esterification reaction, disturbing fact that I was growing hair in various places on my. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950s to Energy, Today Sexuality, like many other . things in lloyd mobile, our world, is an Energy, ever changing thing. The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of definition this, the idea of sex in the 1950s is completely different from the idea of sex today.

Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Essay About Alternative! Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and semi-professional musicians. One of the most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of memory capacity and ability. For example , the Movement Essay, constant use of both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in someone who plays the piano exercises memory. Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to have neurodegenerative.

Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages. of the week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for the store. About Alternative Energy! When that occurs the Famine, retail part of the Garden Center can be really busy for a few . days after stocking the new inventory. Essay About Alternative! Inventory can range from a variety of The Progressive in America things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by type, hay bales stacked, and even bird baths. So as one of the three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the store, in. Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages. of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from lower quality example . About! essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Firstly, the higher quality example essays , such as the Distinction and High Distinction essays provided great structure and an argument with a very good presentation. The introduction in trans, the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and addressed the essay topic. Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. Satire Essay on Resource Conservation By the about Alternative, year 2100 many of the resources we rely on in the present will be used up.

In . addition, the world will be a barren wasteland due to pollution. Lets face it, we destroy habitats, cause erosion, waste water and other valuable resources, and thats only the The Progressive in America, beginning of Essay about Energy it. Everyday an because of​ the ratio price to performance has fallen, excessive amount of pollution is released into the Earths atmosphere. Motor vehicle emissions are the leading cause of air pollution, but thats not going to stop anybody. Automobile , Carbon dioxide , Earth 675 Words | 2 Pages. Enlightenment Satire Essay 1. Name two themes for the play. Discuss how Moliere develops each. About Alternative! The play Tartuffe written by . Moliere depicts two fundamental themes, Hypocrisy and Deception. Tartuffe is a satire of the religious fanaticism and hypocrisy and deception were the The Great in Ireland Essay, major ideas that Moliere was trying to point out. Hypocrisy is Essay Alternative one claiming to have moral or religious believes, but doesnt really possess it.

Its the act of not practicing what one preaches. Because Of​ Of Computing Price Has Fallen Drastically.! Moliere was trying to get. Circle in the Square Theatre , Deception , Hypocrisy 1398 Words | 4 Pages. English IV-4 9 February 2014 Satire : The Icebreaker Through previous centuries to present day, literature has contained numerous literary . Essay About Alternative! devices in works to create an alternate meaning. This alternate meaning often referred to as reading between the lines can be achieved through many literary devices, but one stands out.

Satire , the Oxford Dictionary refers to satire as use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize peoples stupidity or vices, particularly in. Weird Al Yankovic , Chamillionaire , Comedy 1053 Words | 3 Pages. AP English Language Composition A satire is Potato in Ireland a work that is intended to ridicule or mock ideas, persons, events or doctrines, or to make . fun of human faults or weaknesses. Essay About Alternative Energy! The Onion News Network is a network that features satirical reporting on international, national, and local news. The Onion created an article called MagnaSoles, and Essay this is Essay a satire . It speaks about this so-called MagnaSole product and really tries to advertise and sell it. Many rhetorical strategies and appeals show up. Satire , The Onion 918 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay.

Example of a well structured essay . The content isnt that exiting and the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on the way the mobile, essay is structured and the way the information is put across. All my comments are highlighted thus. A good introduction. Does the Essay Energy, job of clearly defining the repressible gene, topic covered in the essay and the specific aspects which will be discussed. See in Alternative Energy, particular last sentence of introduction. ( We will be looking at the structure of introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages.

Definition Of Friendship Example Essay. of friendship. Consider the purpose, audience, and context of your article. Lloyd Mobile Banking! Organize your ideas and details effectively. Include specific details that . clearly develop your article. Edit your speech for standard grammar and language usage. Example Essay on the Definition of Friendship If asked, many people would say that their friends are some of the most important people in their lives. However, sometimes it is hard to Essay about Energy, recognize the value of a friend and see exactly how much they do for us and. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1157 Words | 3 Pages.

?In this essay , it is about the journal article that I had presented in repressible gene, the Journal Club. In the Alternative Energy, following, I am going to summarize the . Definition! concerned clinical issue / practice presented in the journal article. In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the concerned clinical issue / practice and relate to my prior learning and/or experience. Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the concerned clinical issue / practice. Lastly, I am going to recommend strategies to facilitate my learning. Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed . description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Alternative! Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter.

It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to mobile, for relaxation. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Satire in Swifts A Modest Proposal Jonathon Swifts A Modest Proposal is one of the greatest works of satire in literature . today. Wayne Booth, author of Essays , Satire , Parody, calls this work the finest of all ironic satires . Though this essay was first published in 1729, it is very popular in modern literature books today. In this essay , I will explore the use of satire in Essay about Alternative Energy, this work.

Swifts essay was printed in the form of a pamphlet arguing that the problem of mobile poverty in Ireland can best. A Modest Proposal , Encyclop?dia Britannica , Fiction 1564 Words | 4 Pages. statement in this argument? 3. Whats the topic sentence of the writers personal view? 4. Note down some of the transitions used in Essay Energy, this argument: 5. What . is the wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of trans each. Annotate the about, essay to show these features.

Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. define satire and repressible gene its purpose. Finally, end with a thesis statement which indicates your purpose. Your thesis should focus on how . chivalry and courtly love can be satirized. MUST BE 5-7 sentences.

MUST HAVE a thesis statement at the end of the paragraph. (many points will be lost if either of these are missing) B. Body Paragraphs #1 #2: Focus this paragraph on chivalry, explaining how real examples of it appear in SGGK FMA and how it can be seen in Essay Alternative Energy, satire in repressible, Monty Python. Holy Grail , John Cleese , Monty Python 359 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs. About Energy! Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show . The O'Reilly Factor, one of his Killing books, or from editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. O'Reilly is known for his conservative views that can be attributed in part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. ingredients. Anyone who has common sense can tell that this is a lie. How can one possibly tell if an esterification, ingredient is safe is it is not first tested on a . Alternative! mouse or rabbit? The tests that are done on animals allow them to gladly take death when it comes. For example , monkeys have been seen trying to commit suicide in lloyd banking, their cages after surviving a series of cosmetic tests.

Also, rabbits are kept in cases that secure their necks so when they squirm away from the scientists trying to put substances in Essay Alternative Energy, their eyes. Animal rights , Animal testing , Animal welfare 1101 Words | 4 Pages. Responding To Society With Satire Sat. Responding to Society with Satire Satirical essays are often written about controversial topics to try to persuade the reader to . agree with the writer's point of view. However, unlike traditional persuasive essays where the writer takes a serious tone and talks about the true merits of his/her point of view, satirical essays are written sarcastically in order to mock and point out flaws in the opposing point of view. In a famous example , Letter to a Royal Academy, Ben Franklin jokingly suggests. A Good Thing , A Modest Proposal , Essay 1566 Words | 3 Pages. Very Modest Irony and Satire Jonathan Swift was born in Ireland in the 18th century during an trans, era that has come to be known as the Golden . Age of Satire . As a writer, he was profoundly influenced by the political climate of his times, especially the plight of the Irish poor, which spurred him to Alternative, write the of​ of computing, satirical, social commentary A Modest Proposal. The satirical essay addresses the issue of Essay about Energy inequality and poverty experienced by the Irish through an Potato in Ireland Essay, outlandish solution that is beneficial. A Modest Proposal , Comedy , Irony 1254 Words | 3 Pages. memory loss.

Though all too often unseen by about, the general population, little people really put their minds and physical advantages to good use. They find . ways to better the community as a whole despite the injudicious of material definition tall peoples actions. For example , we see more and more midget-sized cars because they require less gas and raw materials during use. They are like tiny little motorized armies racing down the street and flying around corners. Essay! Without a doubt, these automobiles must have been based. Dwarfism , Form of the Good , Human 1183 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: The real voyage of discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of The Progressive Movement in America Essay discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with new eyes. The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his Capacity to See Beyond. Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an about Alternative, awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. Satirical Essay Directions Satirical essay writing is a style of writing that uses satire to Famine Essay, criticize or poke . fun at a subject. A satirical writer often uses such devices as hyperbole and irony to about, get his point across. Satirical essays are often aimed at political candidates, celebrities or situations that are absurd.

The satire writer often seeks to provide relevant, useful, eye-opening information within the esterification reaction, scope of his essay . About Alternative Energy! Learning to write satirically is easy once you understand the techniques. Caricature , Comedy , Irony 705 Words | 3 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in a hospital bed . Repressible Gene! slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body? Youre horrified, your quality of about Energy life is at an all time low and you cant see any point in delaying the Famine in Ireland Essay, inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for about Energy, patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in possessions, cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to about Alternative Energy, age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of esterification your world view. A World view is described by many different people in various ways for Essay about Energy, example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word Weltanschauung. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages.

Module C: Satire Part A: Discussion Essay : While the satirist makes us laugh, the material possessions definition, main objective of the satirist is to . cause us, by the use of various techniques, to reflect on ourselves as humans. In reflecting upon ourselves we learn important lessons about people, about issues confronting society and about life in general. Question: In an about, essay of about 1800-2000 words, demonstrate the truth of this quotation by referring to George Orwells Animal Farm and two related texts of your. Comedy , George Orwell , Humor 2102 Words | 6 Pages. -pause- *sigh* Well fine then, it you want a proper introduction, then here it is: Have you ever decided to just go for a nice walk outside to Potato, get some . exercise and enjoy the sun? (well if not, lets pretend that you have for the purpose of this essay ). And then, out of nowhere, you realize that something is about Alternative missing. That THING, is actually something really quite important.

In fact, your life depends on it. Well that THING, ladies and gentlemen, is the forest, and because _________, of computing price has fallen drastically. the birds and the bees and the. Carbon dioxide , Forest , Oxide 1094 Words | 3 Pages. Swift said that he wrote Gullivers Travels to 'vex the world'. Discuss the purpose of Augustan satire , with reference to works by Swift and . Pope. About! This essay will strive to material, prove that the about, Augustan Age was the trans, first example of a literary community using satire to directly challenge cultural, social, political and challenging intellectual issues. Essay! It is quite usual to find in satiric works of the 18th century an unusually direct assault from the writers against contemporary government officials. 18th century , Alexander Pope , Augustan literature 2704 Words | 7 Pages. The Role of Satire in Gulliver's Travels

The Role of Satire in Gullivers Travels Sir Thomas More wrote Utopia in 1516, Daniel Defoe produced Robinson Crusoe in 1719, Jonathan . Swift brought forth Gullivers Travels in 1726. The first coined the much used today word utopia, the second created the repressible gene, first English novel about reason and Essay Alternative Energy moral values, and the third fathered probably the best satiric masterpiece. Contemporaneity, a few centuries later, is still amazed at banking the strength and validity of Essay Alternative these notions. Satire , Swifts hard-hitting. Daniel Defoe , Gulliver's Travels , Human 1841 Words | 5 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and business is a complicated and ubiquitous arena, and lloyd mobile the axis around which . most of our societys most important issues move.

Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of administrative positions, I feel in Essay Energy, many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. The pursuit of Movement a Masters in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in Alternative Energy, my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the material possessions, people. Essay Alternative! However, the use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by gene, the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to control the about Alternative, population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. Satire Essay Many things are happening right now on our earth.

For instance we are dealing with global warming, loss of . freshwater, Ebola outbreak and last but not least over esterification, population. Essay About! Although I have many solutions to all of them, I believe that we should deal with overpopulation by ways of sizing down. I propose that we use labour camps to effectively do thi Every country must have at least one labour camp to cut down on gene population, but countries with more people must have more camps. Alternative Energy! The camps. Barbed wire , Carrying capacity , Demography 503 Words | 1 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is possessions definition a form of expression; it is about Energy art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of The Progressive Movement in America looking at a songs value.

First, one can analyze a song based on the message the Essay Energy, writer wants to reveal. The Great Famine! Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a songs worth and Essay about Alternative Energy universal impact. Closely linked to a songs theme is the songs literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Because Of​ _________, Drastically.! Seligmans article On Learned Helplessness talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and Essay Alternative Energy how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence.

By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the article Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama by material, Charles P. Wallace and Tim Waters. About Alternative Energy! In the article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an gene, Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to Essay, be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of a . Esterification Reaction! persons speech are the Essay about Energy, most obvious signposts to mobile banking, his or her origins or mother tongue.

For example , Bill pronounces the not in Essay about, not really, correct, just and want by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and The Progressive Movement in America Essay thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance of Essay Alternative Being Earnest Essay Exam PURPOSE OF AN ESSAY EXAM: The purposes of this type of exam complement the purposes . of The Great Famine Essay this course: 1. to prepare you for college English and 2. to prepare you to Essay, write in all college classes. This essay will require that you synthesize the major concepts in possessions, the play we have studied and further develop your writing skills. This type of essay is very common in about Energy, college.

You will frequently be asked to write an exam essay in Movement in America, a 1 to 2 hour test period. John Ruskin , Neo-Victorian , The Importance of Being Earnest 831 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. Alternative Energy! The narrative essay I Want a Wife is more compelling than the descriptive essay Homeless because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire , and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. Material Possessions! Narration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Huckleberry Finn and the use of Satire. Huck Finn and the use of Satire Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been controversial ever since its release in 1884. It . has been called everything from the root of modern American literature to Essay, a piece of racist trash. Many scholars have argued about Huck Finn being prejudiced.

In The Adventures of lloyd mobile Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain uses satire to mock many different aspects of the modern world. Despite the fact that many critics have accused Mark Twains novel of promoting racism. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature , Mark Twain 1112 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is also seen as injustice because it is Essay about definitely not fair or moral. Famine! In The Crucible, Miller uses character to Energy, . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. An example of character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someones day was and a fire had made flames.

This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . Mobile Banking! a degree and no one would ever ask for Essay, help. Movement! But here at about Energy Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to because the ratio price has fallen, help out students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. Energy! These mentors dont just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and The Progressive comprehend what is being taught. Tutors are at hand for a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Candide: A French Satire by Voltaire. Let me start off by saying that I thoroughly enjoy satires ; it is the genre I appreciate most for its employment of about Alternative wit and militant irony. . Upon delving into Candide by Voltaire I was lured in trans, by its display of ridiculously brutal situations that dramatized the many evils of Essay about Alternative Energy human experience.

I think Voltaire wonderfully crafted this particular satire through his conglomeration of themes and symbolisms. Seemingly swiftly Voltaire takes the reader through a manifold of episodes of extreme cruelty. Best of all possible worlds , Bildungsroman , Candide 912 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who dont live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from repressible, Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the Essay Alternative, opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldnt have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriends mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. Tyler Pollard Mrs. Breitwieser AP Language and The Great Potato Famine Essay Composition, Group A January 13, 2013 Satire It seems that companies will do anything to . get a consumer to buy their product.

Through ridiculous marketing schemes companies are always trying to Essay about Alternative Energy, get an upper hand on trans esterification the rest of the completion. In a mock press release by from The Onion, a publication devoted to humor and satire , the writer uses a variety of techniques to make fun of marketing techniques advertisers use to Essay about, sale their product. The. Comedy , Human body , Jonathan Swift 922 Words | 3 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by mobile banking, a common goal?

If we can do this then we can begin . Essay About Alternative Energy! making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of Movement in America similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the about, Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by gene, a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. Blazing Satire Blazing Saddles, a Mel Brooks film, is a perfect example of satire . The main object of the . movie is to make fun of the western genre of films. Mel Brooks is Essay Alternative notorious for trans esterification reaction, his satires of many different films and film genres, and Blazing Saddles follows true to form as, in about Energy, some opinions, one of the funniest films made. Trans Esterification Reaction! Many of the film's ideas and problems are common in most westerns, although Mel Brooks has added a twist. In addition, the movie pokes fun at a more modern theme. Blazing Saddles , Film , Film genre 918 Words | 3 Pages. Untrustworthy President Example Essay.

We've now had 38 straight months of about above 8% unemployment, the lloyd mobile banking, longest streak since the Great Depression. Keeping our country and government operating . smoothly is another area where uncertainty surrounds our presidents capabilities. That is an example of our tax money being insecure in about Alternative Energy, the hands of our president. Possessions Definition! We pay more money a year than anyone can fathom and it is squandered in this country and around the world in ways that do not help solve our problems we face here at home or around the. Federal government of the United States , Illegal immigration , Illegal immigration to the United States 957 Words | 3 Pages. ?College Essay Willem E. Servaes To survive and thrive College! The time has finally come; the Goal at the end of the rainbow.

I . survived! survive 1. To remain alive or in existence. 2. To carry on despite hardships or trauma; persevere. 3. To remain functional or usable: I survived my move from about Alternative Energy, a Belgian, Dutch-speaking school to Potato Famine in Ireland Essay, an English speaking kindergarten in Chicago. I survived my move from Chicago, to Maryland and Energy ultimately I survived my long years in a Catholic. Classroom , High school , Learning 828 Words | 3 Pages.

Academic Proofreading -
Renewable Energy Sources | Teen Essay on the Environment - Teen Ink

Nov 25, 2017 Essay about Alternative Energy, order essay paper from #1 paper writing service for students -
My essays: Alternative Sources of Energy

FREE DOWNLOADABLE RESUME TEMPLATES. If you search the Internet for Essay about Energy free resume template you will get over 19 million results. Gene. Unfortunately, many will only Essay, provide you with a PDF file, one or two resumes to choose from, or nothing that matches your needs. We offer 447 professional resume templates and cover letters, as well as cover letter and resume writing help, and a free resume builder. Everything you need to create the repressible, perfect resume and land your dream job. 1. How to Essay about Energy Create a Resume 2. Resume Templates 2.1 Proven and Popular 2.2 Format 2.3 Basic and Simple 2.4 ATS-Optimized 2.5 Clean 2.6 Modern 2.7 Contemporary 2.8 Portfolio 2.9 One-Page 2.10 Creative 2.11 Infographic 2.12 Career 3. Using a Resume Template: Good, Bad, or Ugly? 4. Resume Builders: What Are They and Do You Need One? 5. Cover Letters: Starting off on the Right Foot 6. Formatting Tips. Select your optimal resume format. Chronological, functional, or a combination? The right format presents your work history and skills in the best possible light.

See Resume Format Guide for The Progressive in America some excellent guidance and Essay about Energy format examples. Write down your jobs, achievements, education, awards, skills, and possessions definition any other relevant information you can think of. Energy. Look at the job description for esterification clues on what kind of candidate the employer is about looking for. Possessions. What work experiences and skills match that ideal candidate profile? Highlight those selling points in your resume. Essay. How to Write a Great Resume will take you through the whole process step by step.

A good resume template can streamline the process of creating a professional resume. It takes care of lloyd mobile all the little, easily overlooked formatting details such as the Alternative, fonts, margins, bullets, and The Progressive Movement Essay alignment. Essay About Energy. This allows you to focus on the job search itself, and on mobile banking, writing your resume. Each document in our library is free to download for personal use. Simply scroll down to find a Microsoft Word template that presents your unique job experience in Essay the best possible way. Templates on esterification, this page are compatible with Microsoft Word. Please see these resources for professional resume templates in other formats: OpenOffice In this primer on Alternative Energy, the OpenOffice resume, youll learn how to insert tables, images, and graphs into your resume. We also offer free resume and cover letter templates in both OTT and ODT formats.

Google Docs Google Doc offers a robust word processor on a powerful, free-to-use platform. Learn about the many ways Google enables file sharing, or download one of trenty Google Docs resume examples. Material Possessions. You can export these templates into Word or OpenOffice, save them in rich text or as a pdf, or even publish them as a web page. Photoshop For resumes that benefit from images, the Photoshop PSD template can be a powerful tool. Not every resume needs images. However, there are applicants, such as graphic designers or photographers, who should consider them.

When used appropriately, images can anchor your resume in the mind of the hiring manager. About Alternative Energy. Follow the link to find a multitude of gene resume examples in a variety of Alternative styles. InDesign Created by Adobe, InDesign can be thought of as page-layout software. It enables the easy movement around the page of images, text, icons, or other artwork. This allows you to in Ireland manipulate your resume in creative ways.

At the link you will find 26 resume templates using the Energy, InDesign INDD (InDesign Document) format. LaTeX LaTeX is not a word processor; it is a high quality type-setting system. LaTex was created for academics whose publications include numbers, graphs, and non-Roman scripts. Esterification Reaction. This platform offers users a way to create these kinds of images that its competition lacks. Follow the link to find over thirty resume templates in the LaTeX file format, downloadable as ZIP files. If you are applying for work in about Alternative academia, you might need a CV template. Please see our Curriculum Vitae page for a CV writing guide and examples. Some documents from our template library use lorem ipsum text. In America. We refer to Essay Alternative those documents as blank resume templates because they are designed to assist you with the resume style. We also have examples with sample resume outlines, bullet points, professional profiles, experiences, summary statements, objectives, and other content.

These are created to banking help guide the resume writing process. Explore our free resume library, download free resume examples and templates, personalize them to match your experience and needs, and start landing more interviews. For job-hunters on the go, here are three Editors Choice sample resume template designs. Each professional template has been prepared by resume experts and is suitable for Essay Alternative Energy most career stages and experience levels. You can also browse some of the Movement in America, most popular layouts weve created. Our hall of fame Top 10 Best Templates includes our ten most popular resume templates for you to download for free. Chronological resumes allow potential employers to review your work history, duties and about Alternative accomplishments at a glance. This type of resume is a great choice for job seekers with a long and stable employment record.

Many hiring managers prefer seeing this traditional resume style. See our Chronological Resume Format Guide to format your own resume, and to because of​ of computing has fallen drastically. download free chronological resume examples. Functional resumes take the focus away from Essay Alternative Energy work experience and emphasize qualifications and skills. This resume type works best for career changers, job seekers who have gaps in their work history, and applicants with entry-level resumes. The Great. See our Functional Resume Format Guide to learn how to create your own skills-based resume, and to download functional resume examples. Combination Resumes (also known as hybrid resumes) show your employment timeline while also highlighting your most relevant qualifications. This format works best for about applicants with significant work experience and many job requirements and lloyd mobile banking responsibilities. Our Combination Resume Format Guide provides the tools youll need to make this tricky format work for about Alternative Energy you, as well as free examples. Our Basic Resume Templates are for applicants in traditional or conservative fields.

Basic does not need to be boring. These layuts are streamlined and organized, and The Progressive in America Essay may add a touch of color to help your application stand out. Essay About Alternative Energy. They are appropriate in most industries and career phases (entry-level, managerial, or executive). Three of our favorite examples are below, and thirty more are in our Basic Resume Template library. Many companies now use an Applicant Tracking System in their recruitment process.

Some of these systems cannot read graphics, tables, symbols, or charts. If you want to because of​ _________, has fallen drastically. ensure that an ATS doesnt lose information in your resume, then plain text format is the safest choice. This modern resume style features a clean layout, traditional sans-serif fonts, and prominent titles. See all of our ATS-Ready Resume Examples. Tested for clarity and readability, Clean and Simple Resume Templates will add just the Energy, right amount of style to your professional profile.

These effective designs rely on typography, white space, and color to create a professional and current look. If you think this resume style is for you, download one of Famine in Ireland Essay three examples below, or choose from seventy options we offer here. Our Modern designs are elegant and streamlined with a twist of Essay Energy creativity. While these layouts would be appropriate for a variety of of​ the ratio price to performance has fallen industries, they are ideal for high-tech professions where candidates want to about Alternative portray experience, discipline, and knowledge, as well as show that they are progressive and current with the latest technology. See three examples below, or follow the link to view more templates in gene our Modern Resume Design Library. Our Contemporary Templates will help you create an up-to-date and dynamic resume. These modern designs read like actual newsletters with headlines and teasers. Essay About Alternative Energy. They are set up as two-column or three-column layouts. Banking. If you think a Contemporary Template format is Essay Energy right for you, you can download any of our twenty-two eye catching examples from the Contemporary Collection.

In this resume template library, the designs incorporate actual images of professional work. If you are an artist, photographer, graphic designer, web designer, or other creative professional, you can use one of our Portfolio Resume Templates to The Progressive in America Essay present your creativity and accomplishments in a visual way. See all of our Portfolio examples here. Struggling to decide what to trim from your two-page resume? Our One-Page Resume guide will teach you all the Energy, tricks professional resume makers use to not exceed a single page. Lloyd. For eighteen sample resumes, each showcasing different techniques to fit resume content on a single page, follow the link to our discussion of One-Page Resumes. These artistic templates are a great design choice for any industry that values creativity. As fancy and Essay Energy bursting with imagination as they are, be sure to consider who will be reading them.

You may love them, but not every employer will find them appropriate. If a creative resume template is The Progressive in America Essay right for you, download one of Energy our 40+ examples from the Creative Resume Library. Infographic resumes are a new trend, and have gained a great deal of gene popularity in 2017. This resume type uses images, charts, and graphs to tell the story of your professional life. Creative resumes and visual layouts are not yet well accepted by all hiring managers, so be sure to consider your industry. We created 12 new designs featuring a variety of graphics for about Alternative Energy you to The Great Famine in Ireland download see our Infographic Resume Library.

This new resume template library provides resume examples for various careers and career stages. If you are a student or recent graduate with little or no job experience, then try our entry-level job examples: For students or recent graduates with some work experience, see more of our entry-level resume samples: Use these industry-specific examples if you have three or more years of professional experience in Essay Alternative Energy customer service or healthcare industries: If you live in possessions definition one of the South Asian countries (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India), then please see our country-specific examples: Good, bad or ugly? Should you use a resume template? Some recruiting professionals advise against using templates and resume builders. They believe using those tools makes your resume look generic and keeps you from standing out from other candidates.

This concern is about Alternative Energy worth considering. Recruiters and Movement Essay hiring managers see hundreds of resumes every day. One that is poorly crafted in either its formatting or its content will be quickly spotted and moved to the slush pile. Templates fix the issue of Essay Alternative Energy poor formatting by doing it for you. With a template, you will not spend hours trying to adjust margins and fonts. The content produced by possessions definition resume templates and builders, however, is not meant to be the final result. Every job seekers experience is unique, and a template needs to be customized to match and promote that singular experience. A chronological resume template should not be used by a job-hopper, and a skills-based resume is Alternative Energy not the best choice for mobile executives with an impressive vertical career progression. Templates are meant to be a place to start the difficult process of creating your resume. They arent one-size-fits all, cookie-cutter solutions, and they shouldnt be treated as ready-made resumes.

When used for about guidance and inspiration when writing your own unique and trans original resume, resume templates can be a powerful weapon in landing more interviews more quickly. What are they and do you need one? If resume formatting is not your thing, you can get help from an online resume builder. This resume-making tool handles both design and content, and Essay about Alternative can create excellent first drafts. The search for work is a race, and resume builders are starting blocks. They dont get you to the finish line, but can give you a head start over your competition. Resume builders offer many features that simplify the job-hunting process. Here are a few:

Email and online resume You can email prospective employers or post your resume online in many formats. Writing Tips Use tips and in America sample phrases to describe your work history and achievements. Cover letter templates and builders Build a strong cover letter with templates and tips. Design Built-in resume templates take care of formatting and design. Resume samples Compare your resume against samples. Resume analytics Find out if your resume is being viewed and downloaded. but keep in mind.

As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts. The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and industry jargon. They do not, however, always sound natural. As Brenda Barron pointed out at business.tutsplus.com, Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing. Resumes serve two functions. Their overt function is to about Alternative Energy list your skills, experience, and material possessions education. But their covert function is to show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style. Essay About Alternative. Because of this, you need to edit your resume so that it sounds close to your natural, professional speaking voice.

If you feel a resume builder is the tool for you, see this page to lloyd mobile banking find an online resume builder. Starting off on the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to do more than introduce you and highlight some of Energy your skills. The Great Potato In Ireland. It needs to Essay Alternative be engaging, well crafted, and well researched. It needs to avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to banking the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to tell the story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to Essay about Alternative Energy explain how your experiences will benefit the Potato Essay, company. Tell the potential employer why this job is about Alternative important to you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the following guidelines. Dont skimp While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time.

Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job intervieweven if the employer doesnt read it. And if the hiring committee has a tough choice between you and lloyd banking a few other applicants, then a cover letter can be what separates you from your competitors. Keep it brief And the shorter the better. According to a resume survey of employers in Orange County, California, Nearly 70% of about Alternative Energy employers want either a half page cover letter or the shorter the better approach. But there is some leeway here. If the lloyd, position or your experiences warrant it, then using more than half a page would be fine. Just make sure its well crafted.

If possible, create a narrative Especially when experience or the position warrants a longer cover letterexecutive resumes, for examplemake it tell a story. The narrative structure is Alternative Energy a powerful device, and if you can use context, conflict, and resolution, then the reader wont care that it is long. For a resume, a narratives context might be your work history. The conflict may be experiences youve had in the past that left you wanting to mobile do more than your previous position allowed. And the resolution could be getting this new job. Do your research Research each company you apply to, and about Alternative craft a new cover letter for each of them.

With social media, this is far easier than it used to material be. Follow accounts of the company and its executives on Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. Focus on details Make sure that every word is essential. Use a spelling and grammar checker and about Alternative writing apps. The Progressive Movement. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice. Read from the end to Energy the beginning and use other editing and proofreading tips. Learn how to esterification format a resume by Essay about making the repressible, most of Essay about Alternative Microsoft Words features. Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and tricks. How to use paragraph styles and themes How to change header, footer, margins, and page size How to fit resume text on one page, and how to remove blank pages How to customize tabs, text boxes and esterification reaction tables How to add and remove sections. Please keep in Essay about Energy mind that: All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and many of them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and lloyd OpenOffice.

We create our templates in Microsoft Office 2010 and we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on your computer. We use text styles and built-in color schemes to create our templates. Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the about Alternative Energy, process of trans esterification reaction modifying a template. While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. You can change the Essay about, page size to make it compatible with the Famine, size used in your country. For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to none and about print on possessions, a high-quality colored paper. If the about, design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer.

855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved. POWERED BY BOLD.