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Project Report/Essay - Indian Culture. · Dance, Music and Art. · The Food We Wear. India has one of the richest and most exciting cultural tradition in the world our culture goes back several thousands year. That is why ours is known as one of the oldest civilization in the world. Carol Ann Duffy Havisham! India is a land of deforestation festivals. There is hardly any month of the year without any festival. Therefore the festivals also play an important in our life they remains our culture evergreen similarly there are many states in our India, all having their own traditional dress food also because of all this about India it has be said that India has unity in diversity. In this project will learn about the varieties of our India I will try to havisham, attract you towards the Indian culture or a great culture.
India, being a secular country does not have any state religion. The state of India allows for freedom of faith, worship religion. People of many different religions live in our country. They are free to follow preach the religion of their choice. Among the major religion in India, Hinduism is the largest, followed by george speeches, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddism, Jainism Zoroastrianism. Hinduism is among the most ancient religions of India. The followers of Hinduism account for carol ann duffy havisham over 80% of India's total population. Cameras Beginning! The holy books scriptures of Hinduism include the carol ann duffy poem, Vedas, the Upanishads, the Puranas, the Bhagavad Gita the epics like the Ramayana the Mahabharata. Hindus believe in one supreme God but they worship God in different avatars or forms. Hinduism has a rich varied philosophy. They have been many well-known Hindu thinkers reformers like Adi Shanker, Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekananda.
They all have tried to teach us how to george speeches, be better human beings. The followers of Islam are known as Muslim. They are second largest religions community in India accounting for over 11% of her total population. Muslims believe in only one God of or Allah. Prophet Mohammad is poem believed to be the last the greatest of the Prophets. He was born in 570 A.D in Mecca.
He preached spread Islam. Why Personal Hygiene! The Koran is a holy book of the Muslims. The devout Muslim has five duties belief in one God; prayers five time a day; the giving of alms; a month’s fast every year; and a pilgrimage to Mecca atleast once in life time. Havisham! The Muslims do not allow idol worship. Kite & Of Mice And Men! Neither do they allow any picture of carol Allah. Christians comprise about Comparative & Of And Men, two a half % of havisham poem India’s population.
Christianity was founded by leon garfield, Lord Jesus Christ. He was born at Bethlehem in carol ann duffy Israel near two thousand year ago. Jesus taught the people the importance of peace, love compassion. The teachings of Jesus Christ are contained in is important the holy book, Bible Christians worship in a Church. The symbol of a Church is cross signifies the crucifixion of Lord Jesus Christ. The Sikhs constitute a little the 2% of India’s population. Sikhism, which emerged in havisham poem the15th century, was founded by Guru Nanak Dev.
Sikhism tried to bridge the gap between Hinduism Islam. Guru Nanak Dev said that the speeches, God for Hindus Muslims was the havisham, same. Sikhs worship in a Gurudwara. Their holy book is called the what does deforestation, Guru Nanak Dev the nine Guru who came after him. Buddhism originated in India and its follower’s formless then 1% of India’s population.
The founder of Buddhism was Lord Gautam Buddha. He was the son of an India, King. Who lived 2500 years ago. His childhood name Siddharatha. He gave up his princely life went out for true knowledge. At last he become enlightened under the Bodhi tree in Gaya.
From that day he become known as the carol ann duffy havisham, Buddha or the enlightened one. Buddha believed in Gift Medical non- violence. He thought that every human being must follow the middle path adopt good behaviour simple habits. Buddism spread to China, Sri Lanka, Japan many other countries in Asia. The Jains form about half of a percent of India’s population Jainism was founded by Mahavira. He lived about 2,500 years ago. He preached Ahimsa, right conduct, right faith and tolerance. The followers of ann duffy havisham poem Jainism are strict vegetarians do not hurt living things.
The followers of Zoroastrianism are called Parsis. Comparative Kite And Men! Zoroastrianism was founded by the great Persian. Prophet Zoroaster or Zarathushtra. He preached that there is a continuous battle going on between the forces of good and evil. And in the end God always triumphs or wins over evils.
The parsis worship in a fire Temple. The holy book of carol ann duffy parsis is Zend Avesta. There are as many as 1,652 languages dialects spoken in different parts of India. It is said that in India a dialect changes every thirty or 40km. The constitution of what does cause India recognizes 18 major languages they are: - (1) Assamese (2) Bangla. (5) Kannada (6) Konkani. (7) Malayalam (8) Manipuri.
(9) Marathi (10) Nepali. (11) Punjabi (12) Tamil. (13) Sindhi (14) Kasmiri. (15) Sanskrit (16) Oriya. Of these Sanskrit Tamil are the carol ann duffy, oldest languages.
The scripts of all these languages except Kasmiri, Sindhi Urdu are written from left to right. The script of Kasmiri, Sindhi Urdu are written from right to left. Hindi is the official language of India. Before Independence English was the official language of India. Dance Music are an smith important part of the carol poem, culture of our country. The people tell stories about their history through these forms of george washingtons arts. In India there are two main types of dances, folk dance classical dance. Folk dances are performed by a group of people. These dances are performed on special occasions.
The occasion may be a feast, a festival or a wedding. Through these dances, people express their joy. In India there are numerous folk dances. The most well-known folk dances their areas are listed below. Nati Himachal predesh. Kolattam Tamil Nadu. Rouf Jammu Kashmir. Classical dance are entirely different from folk dances. Ann Duffy! They require training prachce. They are based on different beats rhythms.
Each moment gesture of the dancer has some meaning. The dancers wear special costumers like masks head dresses. The main classical dances their areas are given below. Perhaps these dances were performed in temples or place in the past. Now a day we can see these in films on leon garfield smith TV. Classical music has a long rich tradition in India. Carol Havisham! It is said that saint Narada, son of saraswati, taught music to men. Picture: Are The Beginning! The earliest book on India music is Rikaprahohakhaya.
There are two main schools or divisions of music in India. The north India school is cornatic. Both Hindustani carnatic styles of music are based on ragas. There are different ragas for different times, occasions even for seasions. In the past there were great singers like tansen, haridas, Baiju Bawra.Tensen, a great singer in the court of Mughal Emperor Akbar has composed many ragas.
Instrumental Music is also very popular in our country. The popular musical instruments are the flite, shanai, sitar, harmonium, tabla, sarangi, veena, moidangam dhalak. Some of the famous instrumental musicians of our country are Ravi Shanker, Allo Rakha, Ali Akbar Khan, Amjad Ali Khan, Bismillah Khan, Hari Prasad Choursia Zakir Husian. Indian Painting has a style of its own. There have been artists in India for thousands of years. Kings employed artists empeross to decorate their places temples. Some kings were very found of art of they employed artists even from other countries. For example, when mughals first came to India they bought with them the persain artists. They painted landscapes, hunting scenes, scenes from the royal durbars battle fields. However, the most famous the finest painting can be seen in the Ajanta caves. These paintings are nearly fifteen hundred years old.
They were painted by the Boudha Bhikshus or priests. Ann Duffy Havisham! These paintings look bright even today. These painting at Ajanta are called Frescos. When people think of India, they think of its architecture. India has an amazing variety of architecture.
The ruins of the Industry Essay, Indus valley civilization tell us how advanced we were even 5000 ago. The stupas of carol sanchi sarnath, built by the emperor Ashok his successors , are the finest specimens of Indian architecture. The Kailash temple at Ellora is perhaps the greatest wonder of its kind. The whole temple has been carved out from a single rock. On BIG Picture: Cameras Are The Beginning Of Tyranny! There is a long list of ancient temples which speak about their beauty.
Mention must be made of the temple of Konark, Puri, Khajuarho, Bellur, Thanjavur, Tripati, Chennai and Madurai. The Meenakshi temple at Madurai has a huge hall with one thousand pillars. Therefore, it is called the hall of a thousand pillars. Each pillar has been carved with sculptures which tell the stories about the lives of the Gods. The Turks and Mughals introduced the special style of central Asian architecture in our country. These styles were combined with ours and thus resulted in havisham a new style of architectural designs. Some of the examples of this new style of architectural designs are the Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur, the Jama Masjid, the Red Fort and the Humanyun Tomp of Delhi, and the Taj Mahal of Agra. The Qutab Minar is one of the why personal, word’s finest examples of tower building. Built in the thirteenth century, it rises over ann duffy, 230 feet. The forts of Agra, Gwalior and Chittorgarh are very strong and what does cause, huge structures.
With the coming of the Europeans, our architecture grew further. The British built huge churches and official building. Examples of the British architecture in carol havisham India are the St. Xavier Church In Goa the Victoria Memorial at Kolkata, the present Rashtrapati Bhavan and the Parliament House in New Delhi. The Victoria Memorial at Kolkata is one of the Essay on BIG Picture: Are the, most impressive monuments in India. Made of white marble, it reminds us of the Europwan and carol ann duffy poem, Mughal architecture. Essay Runner And Men! It took fifteen years to build the Victoria Memorial. It has portraits and statues of almost all the main figure in British-India history.
Since independence, Indian architecture has made much progress. We have huge and beautiful buildings, temples and railway stations in almost every big city. The Assembly buildings of ann duffy havisham Mumbai and why personal is important, Jaipur and New Delhi municipal corporation office building are the ann duffy poem, example of new architectural designs. Garfield! The Lotus Temple of Delhi is a valuable treasure of carol ann duffy havisham Indian architecture. India is proud of having many scholars and Gift in the Medical Industry, scientists who have made great contributions in carol havisham poem science, mathematics, astronomy and garfield smith, medical sciences. Aryabhatta Varahamihir were celebrated Indian astronomers. They could study the heavently bodies like stars with great accuracy. Beside an astronomer, Aryabhatta was also a great mathematician. Indian’s first satellite, Aryabhatta was christened after him. Charaka Sushruta, were famous physicians of carol havisham ancient India. Charaka is Giving Industry called the ‘king of Indian physician’.
Sushruta was an expert surgeon. He is called the ‘father of plastic surgery’. Their writing are valued even today. Carol Ann Duffy Havisham! The Truks Mughals also made valuable contributions to medical science. Their system of medicine in know as Unani. In the field of mathematic, the concept of zero was given by Indian thinkers. The numbers 1 to 10 the smith, decimal system are also entirely Indian. The Arab trader learnt these mathematical systems from ann duffy poem, Indians carried them to Europe. The Arabs called these numbers Hindsa. Today, Indians scientists are known through out the world. Indian scientists like C.V roman, J.C Bose, Homi Bhabha Vikram sarabhai have made significant contribution to what does cause, the growth of modern science.
Our country is very big. There are 26 S tate s and 6 U nion Territories in our country. People eat different kind of food in different state union territories. In some parts people like to eat rice. There are other parts where most of the people prefer millet ( J ower or B ajra). Thus, wheat, rice, millet are the havisham, most popular food grains.
Beside the food grains, people eat many oth e r things like pulses, sugar, fruits, vegetable, egg, meat, fish, edible oil, bread biscuits. Generally people eat those foods items more which are grow in that area. In the northern state of India like Punjab, Haryana, Utter pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and wheat is the main foods of the people. In desert sate of Rajasthan, millets like jowar corn are eaten beside wheat. People living in Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, Assam also the states of southern India generally prefer rice. People near sea cousts eat rice with fish. Cereals lentils like ragi dals are eaten through out the country. Similarly, vegetables fruits are also eaten all over the country.
Many people prefer meat, eggs fish. People who eat meat meat products are called non-vegetarians people who do not eat meat, egg, fish are called vegetarians. Let us see some special food eaten by the people in Cameras Are the of Tyranny certain parts of our country. The people of Kashmir prefer to carol poem, eat rice, fish karan ka sag. The popular food of the people of Punjabi is leon garfield makki ki roti sarson ka sag. The people of Bengal other eastern states eat rice fish. Their favorite sweet dishes are Rasgulla Sandesh. The people of carol ann duffy havisham poem Gujrat Maharashtra like to eat Rice, Dal, Curds, Vegetables Papads . Sambhar, Dosa, Idli, Rasam Uthapam are favorite dishes of the people of south India. India is famous all over the world for its spices.
Spices are used to Industry Essay, flavour different dishes. Some of the common spices are saffron, turmeric, chilies, ginger, conander, cloves, cardamom garlic. The country produces a rich variety of fruits. Himachal pradesh is carol ann duffy famous for apples, Gujrat for chikus Bihar for litchis. Mangos bananas are found throughout the country. Orange of Nagpur is famous all over the world. India has a vast population.
In many part of the Comparative Essay Kite Runner & Of, country sufficient foods is not available. Ann Duffy Poem! So our Government sends foods articles to these areas. Fruits vegetable are also transported from the place they are grown in plenty to Giving in the Medical Industry Essay, other place. The central government has a separate tood civil supplies ministry. It arranges the food grains for the people all over the country. People get the food grains other food articles from fair price shop or ration shop at carol ann duffy havisham, reasonable price. The surface of the land is different in different parts of our country. People living in different parts of on BIG Are the Beginning of Tyranny India eat different type of foods.
Similarly, the climate is carol ann duffy havisham not the same in all parts of our country. Some places have very hot summer very cold winters. Place near the sea have the same climate throughout the years. Therefore people living in different areas ware different types of dresses. However, there are some dresses women men, which are common very popular throughout the country. The most common dresses of women in India are saree, salwar-kameez, blouse, skirt (ghagra) a shawl (odhani) to cover the head. The pattern style of wearing a saree varies from state to state.
Let us see the popular dresses of women in different states of leon smith India. Salwar-Kameez with Dupatta is the popular dress of women in carol poem Punjabi Ghagra-Kurta with Odhani in Haryana, Ghagra-Choli in Uttar predesh, Ghagra-Blouse with Odhani in Rajasthan, Lehnga Choli in Gujrat Baku in Sikkim. The dresses of men also differ depending upon the place they live in. The most common dresses of men are Trousers, Shirts, Dhoti-Kurta, Dhoti-Shirt, Kurta-Pyjama and Kurta-Lungi. In many states, people still follow their traditional style of does deforestation cause wearing dresses. Ann Duffy Poem! Achkan with a turban is popular in Rajasthan; Chundar Pyjama and Jecket are common in Gujart and Dhoti-Kurta in Utter Pradesh and West-Bengal. Trubans and Caps are a part of Indian mans headgerar.
But the style of Giving in the Medical tying a turban varies from state to state. The people of Utter Pradesh and Gujrat use Gandhi cap to cover the head. The cap of Himachal Pradesh is famous for its beautiful embroidery. India is carol poem a land of festivals. There is hardly any month of the year without a festival. Gift Giving Industry Essay! We all celebrate festivals like Holi, Diwali, Id, Onam, Bihu, Guruparb, Chirstmas and Pongal with great Pomp and havisham, Slow. A festival is what does a day of rejoicing.
People wear new clothes and prepare many types of sweet and other dishes. Some festivals are celebrated throughout the country. Other festivals are celebrated only in some parts of the country. Festivals are mainly of three kinds: Now some discussion about these festivals in detail. National Festivals are celebrated by all the people in country. Independence Day, Republic day, Gandhi Jayanti are our National Festivals. Independence Day is celebrated on 15 th August every year.
The prime Minister of India hoists the National Flag at Red Fort addresses the people. The National Flag is also hoisted in ann duffy havisham schools, offices other important places throughout the Industry, country. On 15 th August 1947, India got freedom from the British Rule. Republic Day is celebrated on 26 th January every year. A big parade is taken out at Rajpath on havisham this day. The President of India takes the salute of the Republic Day parade Children who won awards for bravery also take part in the parade. Tableaux from different states are a big attraction of parade. We also remember the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters on this day. Gift Giving In The Medical Essay! On 26 th January, 1950, India becomes a Republic. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2 nd October every year.
We celebrate this day to mark the havisham poem, birthday of Gift Medical Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation. Prayers are held at his Samadhi at Rajghat in New Delhi. People spin on Charkha sing the Ramdhum. The whole country pays homage to the Father of the Nation on this day. Religious Festivals are celebrated by the people of different religions. Some of the ann duffy havisham, important religious of festivals are Dussehra, Diwali, Id, Christmas, Ganesh Chathurthi, Durga Puja. Dussehra is celebrated throughout the country. It is a ten-day festival.
Ramlila is staged for nine days. On the tenth day the effigies of Ravana, Kumbhkaran and Gift Medical Essay, Meghnath are burnt. This marks the day when Lord Rama killed the ten-headed demon king Ravana. This festival marks the victory of good over evil. Carol Poem! That is why it is known as Vijay Dahmi. Diwali is called the Festival of lights. It marks the return of Rama to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. George Speeches! People express their joy by lighting oil lamps (Diyas), candles electric bulbs. People clean their homes wear new clothes. Lord Ganesh Goddess Lakshmi are worshiped on Diwali night. The children play with crackers.
Business men traders celebrate this day as a NEW YEAR DAY. Id-Ul-Fitter is an important Muslim festival Id is celebrated at ann duffy havisham, the end of Ramzan. Ramzan is the why personal, month when Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. On Id, Muslims wear new clothes offer namaz in the Mosque Namaz is a form of carol havisham poem worship of Good. They embrace each other exchange greetings. They greet each other saying ‘Id MUBARAK’ Sewain, a special sweet dish, is prepared by the Muslims on this day. Christmas is celebrated every day on george speeches 2 year on 25 th December by Christians. It marks the birthday of Jesus Chirst.
Christians go to church at midnight or in the morning for offering prayers. A small Christmas tree is ann duffy havisham poem set up in every house. This tree is beautifully decorated with paper stars, bell coloured glass balls. Children believe that Santa Claus leaved gifts for Comparative of The Kite Runner & Of Mice them under the Christmas tree. The birthday of the ten G. Sikh Gurus are celebrated by havisham, the Sikhs as Gurupards. The birthday of does cause Guru Nanak, Guru Teg Bahadur, Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Gobind Singh are celebrated with great pomp show. Huge processions are taken out. The Sikhs go to Gurudwaras listen to carol ann duffy, the Gurubani from Comparative Essay of The And Men, their Holy Book, Guru Granth Sahib.
Durga Pooja is the most popular festival of Bengal. It lasts for ten days. For nine days, people worship ten armed images of goddess Durga, the carol havisham poem, Goddess of Shakti. On tenth day, images are immersed in a holy river. Thousands of leon smith people participate in ann duffy poem this festival . Ganesh Pooja is celebrated in Maharashtra.
People of all communities participate in it with great enthusiasm. Leon Garfield Smith! Coloured idols of ann duffy havisham lord Ganesh are taken home. The birthday of Gautam Buddha is celebrated as Buddha Purnima. Special prayers are offered by the Buddhists on this day. Harvest Festivals are celebrated to mark the changes in george seasons. Harvest is the time of gathering ripe crops.
Holi, as harvest festival, is mainly celebrated in North India. It is called the festival of colours. It marks the end of winter. Pongal is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu. It is celebrated for three days. Bhogi Ponal, the first day, is celebrated by worshipping the sun. Surya pongal, the second day, is celebrated as a family festival. Onam is the carol havisham, harvest festival of Kerala. People believe that kind Mahadali visits the country on this day. People decorated their homes with coloured lights at washingtons, night . Baisakhi is the harvest festival of carol ann duffy havisham poem Punjab. It is celebrated in the month of April.
People express their joy with the beat of dholak perform the popular Bhangra dance. Bihu is the harvest festival of Assam. It is garfield smith celebrated three times a year. Young boys girls in typical Assamese dresses perform the special Bihu dance. There are many other festivals celebrated in various parts of the country.
A list of such festivals is given below: Reason for celebration. It marks deep affection between brother sister. On this day sister ties a Rakhi on the wrist of her brother. It is carol ann duffy havisham celebrated in the honour of deforestation Saraswati, the goddess of learning. It is a seasonal festival. Christians fast on this day. Carol Havisham Poem! Jesus Christ was crucified on this day. It is the birthday of lord Mahavira. It is the mourning festivals of the Muslims.
It is the birthday death anniversary of Prophet Mohammad. It is the birthday of lord Krishna. It is celebrated all over India. It is celebrated in Gift Giving Medical Essay honour of Lord Shiva. It is the birthday of carol ann duffy Chacha Nehru. It is celebrated on 14 th November every year. It is celebrated on 5 th September. Essay On BIG Cameras Beginning! It is the birthday of Dr.
Radha Krishnan. Festivals bring people of different religions and carol ann duffy poem, regions close to each other. They speak of the cultural unity of our country.
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Havisham by Carol Ann Duffy doc
address to ann duffy havisham, the Toutes les idees et reductions a partager pour faciliter son quotidien. Why Personal Is Important. Des experts a mon ecoute pour repondre a toutes mes questions. Ann Duffy Havisham Poem. Des avis sur tous les produits pour faire les bons choix. On BIG Picture: Of Tyranny. Soins pour cheveux crepus et afros : fabriquez vous-meme votre masque hydratant. Ann Duffy Havisham. Les cheveux crepus et cheveux afro sont particulierement fragiles, secs et cassants.
Afin de preserver toute leur beaute, concoctez-vous un masque hydratant a base de produits naturels ultra nourrissants. Why Personal Hygiene. a piocher dans vos placards ! Pour garantir le bon fonctionnement de votre machine et avoir un linge propre qui sente bon le frais , il est primordial de nettoyer votre lave-linge regulierement. Carol Poem. Voici quelques bonnes pratiques pour assurer sa longevite et l’entretenir naturellement. What Does Cause. Cheveux et henne neutre : une recette ancestrale pour de beaux cheveux. Carol Havisham Poem. Non colorant et 100% naturel, le henne neutre est une recette ancestrale pour avoir des cheveux sains et forts. Peu cher, facile d’utilisation, il a tout pour plaire ! Voici quelques conseils pour apprendre a soigner vos cheveux avec du henne neutre. What Does Cause. Recette beaute : 3 soins du visage pour un teint zero defaut. Poem. Naturelles et peu couteuses, les recettes beaute « grand-mere » a base de fruits, legumes ou plantes traversent les generations. George Washingtons. Dites adieu au teint terne, aux pores dilates, rougeurs et irritations : voici 3 soins du visage pour un teint parfait ! Comment nettoyer la semelle de son fer a repasser ? La semelle de votre fer a repasser colle, et laisse des traces sur votre linge ? Il est grand temps de la nettoyer ! Decouvrez quelques astuces de nettoyage rapides et economiques pour retrouver une semelle toute neuve et un linge impeccable. Carol Havisham. à valoir sur l'achat d'une lessive de la gamme Le Chat Caps. Garfield Smith. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Zen'Sect (diffuseurs capillaires, électriques et lotions corporelles) à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Schwarzkopf Brillance. Carol Ann Duffy. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme X-TRA. Does. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Saint Algue Syoss Laques. Carol Ann Duffy Havisham Poem. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme TAFT. Essay On BIG Beginning. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Croc'Odor. Havisham Poem. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Vu. Speeches. à valoir sur l'achat d'un produit de la gamme Eau Ecarlate Sublim Noir.
à valoir sur l'achat d'une colle de fixation de la gamme One For All (sauf format tube) Lavage en machine : comprendre les differents programmes. Havisham. Devant la multitude des programmes d’une machine a laver, on what deforestation cause, peut parfois rester perplexe. Poem. Quel programme dois-je lancer pour mon linge delicat ? A quelle temperature ? Le mode rapide est-il efficace ? Pour faire le tri parmi toutes ces questions et assurer un lavage en machine optimal de votre linge, voici le decryptage des principaux programmes. Essay Picture: Are The Of Tyranny. Lors de vos travaux de bricolage, ou en seance de loisirs creatifs avec les enfants, un mauvais coup de pinceau est vite arrive : au lieu de repeindre le mur, c’est votre jean qui est redecore ! Dans ce cas, mieux vaut nettoyer la tache de peinture tout de suite avant qu’elle ne s’incruste. Ann Duffy. Mais attention, le mode operatoire n’est pas le meme en fonction du type de peinture (a l’eau, a l’huile, etc.) Comment rattraper du linge qui a deteint ? Vous sortez votre linge de la machine et la, catastrophe : votre chemisier rouge a deteint sur vos sous-vetements blancs… desormais rose pale.
Attention : ne lavez surtout pas votre linge une seconde fois au risque de fixer davantage la couleur. Gift In The Medical Industry. Meme s’il est assez difficile de retrouver le blanc d’origine, il existe quelques solutions pour essayer de detacher un linge qui a deteint. Ann Duffy Havisham Poem. Suivez le guide ! Quelle est la bonne temperature de lavage pour mon linge ? La cle pour avoir un linge propre et doux, c’est un lavage a la bonne temperature. Garfield Smith. Le premier geste a adopter est evidemment de regarder la temperature de lavage indiquee sur les etiquettes de vos vetements. Mais pour ne pas se tromper et s’adapter au degre de salete, suivez nos conseils. Havisham. Les bons gestes pour nettoyer ses WC.
Pour eviter la proliferation de bacteries, les toilettes est « la » piece qui necessite un entretien regulier. Gift Giving In The Industry Essay. Quels sont les bons gestes ? Quel produit choisir ? Voici tout ce que vous devez savoir pour bien nettoyer vos WC. Ann Duffy. Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits de beaute. Demandez a nos experts de vous appeler ! Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits beaute. Gift Giving Medical Industry. Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits de beaute. Carol Ann Duffy Havisham. Demandez a nos experts de vous appeler ! Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits beaute. What Deforestation Cause. Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits de beaute. Carol Poem. Demandez a nos experts de vous appeler ! Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits beaute. Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits de beaute.
Demandez a nos experts de vous appeler ! Nos experts sont a votre disposition du lundi au vendredi de 08h30 a 18h30 pour repondre a vos questions concernant les produits d'entretien du linge, de la maison, et des produits beaute.
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Food and Agricultural challenges Essay. “ Food is our body’s fuel and without fuel it will be shut down” Food is indeed the elixir of life. Food, presently, has become one amongst the carol most common and imperative needs of a living being along with shelter and clothing. In other words, it has befallen to be one of the most common needs of a living being. As people improved their standard of living, they resort to newer trend in food too. Washingtons? Food is now a factor that decides the status of a person. . When did the quest for food really begin ? It is unanswerable.
Probably, it may be since the emergence of the early man. The early man ate fruits and threw their seeds off. When they saw the havisham poem seeds germinate into Essay Picture: Cameras Are the Beginning, plants, they decided to start agriculture which at that time was just to raise seeds. This, happened about thousands of years ago and agriculture that took birth. As a result, this brought about havisham, great changes in the socio – economic condition of the Homo sapiens. It was one of the most remarkable incidents in the history of human being. Thus, began the quest for food via agriculture.
Generation by washingtons, generation, modern technologies and ann duffy havisham poem, modern methods were evolved. Today, we have the most sophisticated technologies for better food production. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created surpluses of various resources that nurtured the development of civilization and so was food. The human found food to be a component that kept them healthy, free from Gift Medical Industry diseases, energetic and intelligent. They discovered that it helped in the growth and development of all living beings.
Eventually, they found a lot more needs for food. Consequently, more and more people began to carol, indulge in agriculture and thereby increase the why personal hygiene is important production to meet the needs of rapidly growing population. Very soon, various branches of agriculture evolved like the horticulture [ art and science of growing fruits, flowers and ornamental plants ], animal husbandry 1 As years passed, the population grew tremendously. The people moved towards the assistance of technology to augment their production as human effort alone could not meet the havisham poem needs of food to feed the entire population. As the leon garfield smith technological assistance helped farmers produce a considerably good yield from a limited portion of land, more and more land got occupied by havisham, industries and other factories. Farming began to be considered as a below average job and youth got recruitment in industries. The arena of agriculture got faded as they were able to produce the enough food from the available land resources. The present day poverty and hunger are mainly due to the neglect of agriculture. Unless, agriculture is to be considered as a white collar job, we are no longer going to Essay Picture: Are the Beginning of Tyranny, get rid of these dreadful hitches. It is high time to havisham poem, reconsider the potentials of agriculture, which supports the majority of the population. The situation has come that we have to promote sustainable agriculture.
Sustainable agriculture involves the successful management of And Men, agricultural resources to carol ann duffy poem, satisfy human needs while maintaining or enhancing environmental quality and why personal is important, conserving natural resources for future generations. By the carol poem year 2015, the world population is Kite Runner, forecast to ann duffy havisham, reach about 9 billion people – about Gift Giving in the, one third greater than that of today. Therefore, there is greater demand for agriculture and havisham, thereby food production too. When we speak about food production and why personal, food consumption, it is havisham poem, necessarily important that we must know its present trends . . Gift Giving In The Medical? . . . . II. Objectives and Methodology : The following are the objectives of carol, our research : We accomplished our research mainly to satisfy the following rationales : To be acquainted with the present day food production and consumption trends of people To learn about the latest technologies involved in the food and agriculture systems To study the various somber and solemn problems faced by our farmers / agriculturists 2 To discover solutions to their problems To give an awareness to the public about the importance of agriculture in this highly competitive and technological world To encourage youth to get into Essay Picture: Cameras Are the Beginning of Tyranny, the field of agriculture. To try to carol ann duffy havisham, bring a respectful position for the farmers / agriculturists in the society Selection of george speeches, students for ann duffy havisham poem Young Scientists Programme : We were selected by means of three selection rounds namely: 1. Poster presentation. 2. Project report presentation. 3. Model Demonstration.
Soon after the three selection processes, 55 students were crowned as the Young Scientists. We were divided into on BIG Beginning, five teams and we, the Maroon team members were provided with the theme topic: “Food production and Food consumption”. The topic was further divided into sub – topics and they were distributed to our team members. We conducted reference works and ann duffy havisham poem, researches on the given topics and for further clarifications and to make the other team mates aware of each research topic, we had team meets where in we were supposed to Giving in the Medical Essay, have effective discussion. Thus, each and every candidate of our team was accessed to the required information about the research topic. We even had field visits like the visit to the Sundaram Organic Farm, the Horticulture Research Station, SKM Egg Products India Private Limited etc which inculcated in us more knowledge about our theme topic. We worked as a team, as a family . . . . . 3 III. Food Production and Consumption trends in India.
i. Food production trends : World population has increased over the past 10 years by ann duffy havisham, 760 million or more, which is equal to adding the combined population of Africa and South America. By 2025 it is expected that global population is expected to reach around 9Billion. Food has to be produced in colossal quantities to Essay on BIG Picture: Are the, feed the entire population. Food production/capita has declined since 1971 in the world. Here, arises the problem of food production. Carol Ann Duffy Poem? The food grain obsolete technology ,more pests diseases urbanization (migration of rural labourers to Comparative Essay And Men, urban),high labour cost, government agro policy being poor unfocussed. Carol Havisham? The food production trends have changed so widely since the Egyptian civilization.
Egyptians found that agriculture can prosper only with good water supply / irrigation. Nile river condition was studied river water irrigation was effectively planned made use of.. The production trend even varies with respect to culture, traditional aspects, customary aspects and the area under cultivation. The productions trend widely varies from country to country, state to state, district to district and even between communities. Deforestation? As a result, there arose a problem of insufficient production. Carol Poem? ii. Washingtons Speeches? Green Revolution : In the 1970,s the food crisis was one of the major problems in our country as in many other countries. India was on its path to darkness. Lots of people died due to starvation and millions were still starving. The Central Food minister of that time, C.Subrahmaniam took initiative to find a solution to this deadly problem and the solution was later termed as Green Revolution.
The introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and the increased use of fertilizers and poem, better irrigation are known collectively as the Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains.( thus improving agriculture in India.) Hybrid high-yielding wheat was first introduced to India in 1963 by Dr. Borlaug. Production of wheat was very good making India self sufficient in food. 4 Along with high yielding seeds and Essay on BIG Picture: Are the Beginning of Tyranny, irrigation facilities, the havisham poem enthusiasm of farmers mobilized the idea of agricultural revolution and is also credited to does deforestation, M. S. Swaminathan and his team for having contributed towards the success of green revolution. Havisham Poem? As a result of this, the agriculture production in India saw great heights.
Moreover, Green Revolution also brought about various technological reforms. iii. Technological Development: Various scientific and technological methods for increasing food production were evolved as a result of Green Revolution: mechanization, effective irrigation, use of fertilizers, control of what cause, weeds, pests and insects, new varieties of farm animals or high-yielding strains of grain, land reclamation, soil conservation, river basin development, adequate storage facilities, infrastructure development etc . Carol Havisham? . . are some of the technologies.. As India saw development in leon smith, the later ages, even the technologies got improved. India also experienced the establishments of agricultural structures like check dams, water shed tanks, rain water harvesting pits etc . . . which ensured better agricultural production.. Technology is just changing the way that human beings operate the machines from the previous ones, implements to be more precise and less wasteful in ann duffy poem, the use of fuel, seed, or fertilizer. In the foreseeable future, some agricultural machines will be capable of driving themselves, using GPS maps and electronic sensors. Even more esoteric are the new areas of leon garfield smith, nanotechnology and genetic engineering, where submicroscopic devices and biological processes, respectively, are being used as machines to perform agricultural tasks in unusual new ways.
The future will also see the application of carol, healthy hybrid varieties, GMO crops that are hale and hearty, organic methods that produces greater output, better irrigation systems etc . . As every good thing has an appalling visage, these technologies too had some advantages and disadvantages. iv. Advantages of Modern Technologies: It was successful in meeting a growing demand for food by the world’s population. George Washingtons Speeches? Yields of carol ann duffy, primary crops such as rice and wheat increased dramatically. The price of food declined, the rate of increase in crop yields generally keeps pace with population growth, and the number of people who go hungry to bed was slightly reduced. 5 The boost in garfield smith, food production has been due mainly to scientific advances and new technologies, including the development of new crop varieties The use of carol, pesticides and fertilizers, and the construction of large irrigation systems helped the farmers increase their production It reduces time cosumption as it ensures effective management of crops in a shorter period of time Disadvantages of modern technologies : Increased chances of unemployment [ as technological equipments can do the work of 50 – 100 labours] Evidence indicates, however, that excessive reliance on monoculture farming and agro industrial inputs, such as capital-intensive technology, pesticides, and is important, chemical fertilizers, has negatively impacted the environment and rural society. A number of “ecological diseases” have been associated with the intensification of food production by means of latest technological methods Chemical fertilizers can also become air pollutants, and have recently been implicated in ann duffy havisham poem, the destruction of the ozone layer and in garfield smith, global warming Excessive use of technological equipments has also been linked to the acidification/salinization of soils and to a higher incidence of carol ann duffy, insect pests and diseases through mediation of negative nutritional changes in crop plants Most of the present day technologies are prone to causing pollution [ land, water and air ] v. Food consumption trends: The agriculture and what, food sector figures prominently in this enterprise and carol ann duffy, must be given due importance in any consideration of the promotion of healthy diets for individuals and population groups. Food strategies must not merely be directed at ensuring food security for all, but must also achieve the consumption of adequate quantities of Comparative Essay of The Kite, safe and good quality foods that together make up a healthy diet. Carol Ann Duffy Havisham? Any recommendation to that effect.
will have implications for all components in george washingtons speeches, the food chain. It is therefore useful at this juncture to examine trends in consumption patterns worldwide and deliberate on the potential of the food and agriculture sector to meet the demands and challenges of the future. The food consumption trends in the ancient period were governed by the Hindu and Jain beliefs. As a result of this, Vegetarianism was the most prominent system during the ancient days. It was also partly under the carol surveillance of the garfield smith Delhi and Mughal dynasties. Later, towards the carol ann duffy havisham poem medieval period, people learned to consume what is Gift Giving in the Medical Essay, needed and poem, preserve the rest so that they could use them during periods of starvation. Therefore, the trend of the medieval period turned to be limited consumption. Presently, in the modern era, the consumption trends cannot be defined because people consume food not only for Essay Kite Runner Mice health but for various other reasons too.
The consumption trends of the majority of the population are also controlled by advertisements. The consumption trends are partly hereditary too. Most importantly, the consumption trends of the present day people are mainly to showcase their status. For example, the ones who consume rich food are given higher positions in the society and the rest are treated with lower dignity in the society. In short, the food consumption trends unlike food production trends vary even from person to person. With respect to each food item, the consumption trend varies widely. The kilograms in which the food items are consumed determine the demand for the specific item thereby, expressing the trend of food consumption. From this, the consumption trends of the present day human society [ India ] are lucid and patent. 7 vi. Country – Country variations : The food consumption trend of the people varies from carol ann duffy havisham poem country to deforestation cause, country. Changes in agricultural practice over the past 50 years have increased the world’s capacity to provide food for its people through increases in productivity, greater diversity of foods and carol ann duffy havisham, less seasonal dependence.
Food availability has also increased as a consequence of rising income levels and falling food prices. This has resulted in Kite Runner Mice, considerable changes in food consumption over the past 50 years in all the corners of the world i.e. from ann duffy havisham poem country to country. Global and regional per capita food consumption (kcal per capita per day) Region. 8 For instance, the consumption trends in India is as follows ( it is extremely different from that of USA which ranks 1st ) : vii. Link between Production and Consumption: To meet the forecasted consumption rates of the hygiene is important entire population of different countries, great attention has to ann duffy havisham, be laid on food production.
The food consumption trends depend on the mode of food production. If the food produces is sufficient to Gift Giving Medical, feed the population, then the people can adopt their own consumption trend while if it is not, then the people will have to change the mode of consumption in a way that will satisfy the entire population. Thus, the link between the food production and consumption is tightly bound and will need great attention in the future when the population will be high and the food produced will not be sufficient to havisham, feed the entire population. If it is obligatory to ensure a safe and sound future, then it is equally significant to bring stability and steadiness in the food production and does cause, consumption trends of today. The present day situation of the world cannot be understood. The farmer who is producing the food cannot fix the ann duffy havisham rate of the food and the consumer who is consuming the food is also not able to fix the why personal hygiene rate ! ! Is the ann duffy present day food production and consumption: producer controlled, consumer controlled or trader controlled ? – – Combination of all the three . Garfield? . . . V. Production, Procurement and Distribution constraints : However, despite all these trends in carol havisham poem, food production and consumption, there are certain dilemma and constraints with respect to production, procurement and distribution that have to be given more attention. i. Food production constraints: Improvement solutions are to be resorted by tackling together the problems associated with population growth and food production. A review of the problems of rapid population growth and declining food production and suggestions for resolution are given. World population has increased over the past 10 years by Comparative Essay of The Runner, 760 million. Future increases are expected to bring total population to 9 billion by the year 2014 and 16 billion in 2025 (exponential increases).
Food production/capita has declined since 1971 in the world in the recent past. The food production problem is technical, environmental, social, political, and economic. Food grain production in India(2009-2010) : 234Mn tonnes Per capita food grain produced: 193Kg/year. Food grain production growth (in phase with population growth) : 5.5Mn. tonnes/year Suggestions for increasing the food grain production : irrigation, use of fertilizers, use of Botanical Pesticides control of weeds and insects, new varieties of havisham poem, farm animals or high-yielding strains of grain, land reclamation, mechanization soil conservation, ,Most Efficient water management river basin development, adequate storage facilities, infrastructure development, Birth control. Crop rotation, Organic farming, Mixed cropping Co-operate farming (supply ,operation maintenance of agricultural machinery equipments) Few Environmental problems which need urgent attention.: soil erosion from mechanization, accumulation of DDT in food and water and animal life from pesticide use, and Water pollution from chemical fertilizers. Increased frequency intensity of drought flooding.
Climate change affects Rice wheat production. New pattern of pests diseases. Food production can be increased with more ecologically sound practices. Information about weather and Gift Industry Essay, weather forecasting allows for more suitable land management. Shifting cultivation and land tenure systems should involve conservation farming techniques. Organic manures and appropriate use of chemical fertilizers can raise soil fertility. Even if the production becomes stable, there lies a lot of problems in the next stage – procurement. ii. Urban Market Facilities and Management. Public markets have burned down throughout the world over the last few years because of inadequate structures and maintenance, poor management, fire-hazard practices … or to force traders into new markets.
These blows to carol ann duffy havisham, the local economy have important financial implications for small traders and entrepreneurs as well as consumers. Existing market spaces and facilities are often insufficient in developing countries and countries in transition. Consequently, many food traders occupy roads around markets. Urban markets are usually seen as a source of revenue to local town coffers, but those funds are often not reinvested in infrastructure maintenance and better services. Why Personal? This leads to traders feeling that market taxes are not justified and to unrest when rates are increased. Cold-storage facilities are usually insufficient and rent is often high. The few cold-storage rooms built by market managers are often inefficient,. Perishable food products, therefore, deteriorate rapidly.Public markets lack professional management and its continuity. Market authorities have insufficient skilled personnel and are unable to enforce regulations.
Consequently, trading in public markets becomes more difficult and, therefore, costly. 11 iii. Food Retailing. With respect to carol havisham, procurement and distribution, food retailing and food retail markets can be of great assistance in does deforestation cause, the modern era though it has not become more effective in ann duffy havisham, India.Middle and high-income consumers shop at supermarkets while low-income consumers, who can spend as much as 80 percent of their income on Medical Industry Essay, food, go to local shops, to market places near their homes or buy from street vendors. Public retail markets have not expanded rapidly enough in newly urbanized areas and existing markets have been unable to accommodate the increasing number of retailers.
Lack of space or new market opportunities in satellite city districts are thus the cause of spontaneous markets which fill an carol poem important gap in the distribution chain. However, their unplanned nature may create traffic, health and environmental problems. iv. Urban Markets: Hygiene, Health, Security and the Environment Since there is lack of private investments and public contribution, the markets of India lack hygiene, health and other basic requirements. Though, the government has taken effective measures, there is no much development in this situation. Market authorities usually guarantee cleaning inside the markets, but this is rarely adequate.
Toilet facilities are rare and seldom properly cleaned. Leon Garfield? Water points, drainage and sewage are usually insufficient. Inadequate lighting in markets exposes users to additional risks and increases the likelihood of theft. The precarious hygiene conditions of established and spontaneous markets, the increasing quantities of waste, and the growing number of Lorries required for food transport, have an carol poem adverse impact on the environment, as they pollute air and water, increase noise and threaten public health. Comparative Essay Of The Kite Runner & Of Mice And Men? v. Public Distribution System (PDS) Public Distribution System (PDS) is an Indian food security system. Established by the Government of India under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution and managed jointly with state governments in India, it distributes subsidized food and non-food items to carol ann duffy havisham, India’s poor. 12 Major commodities distributed include staple food grains, such as wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene, through a network of Public distribution shops, also known as Ration shops established in several states across the country. Food Corporation of leon, India, a Government-owned corporation, procures and maintains the Public Distribution System.
In terms of both coverage and public expenditure, it is considered to be the most important food security network. However, the food grains supplied by the ration shops are not enough to meet the consumption needs of the poor or are of inferior quality. The average level of consumption of PDS grains in India is only 1 kg per carol ann duffy havisham person / month. The PDS has been criticized for its urban bias and Picture: Are the, its failure to serve the poorer sections of the population effectively. The targeted PDS is costly and gives rise to much corruption in the process of extricating the poor from those who are less needy. Today, India has the largest stock of grain in the world besides China, the government spends Rs. 750 billion ($13.6 billion) per year, almost 1 percent of GDP, yet 21% remain undernourished. Distribution of food grains to poor people throughout the country is managed by state governments. As of date there are about 4.99 lakh Fair Price Shops (FPS) across India. The food distribution in India is not effective.
It has lot of drawbacks when compared to the distribution systems of the developed countries. The food distribution system in India is as follows : 13 VI. Ann Duffy? Food Wastage : i. Food Wastage – an introduction : Food waste or food loss is the food that is discarded or lost, uneaten. As of 2011, billion tons of food, about one third of the global food production, is lost or wasted annually. Smith? Loss and wastage occurs on carol, all steps in the food supply chain. In low-income countries, most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries much food – about 100 kilograms (220 lb) per person and in the Medical Industry Essay, year – is wasted at the consumption stage. In terms of production, the food wastage may occur in various stages. Research found that food grain waste occurs mainly in ann duffy poem, the beginning of production, transportation distribution, storage system, preparation food,(cooking), serving after consumption(throwing away the unconsumed)From planting, crops can be subjected to pest infestations and severe weather, which cause losses before the harvest part of a crop. In India, the wastage in food grain cooked food is intolerably high..
Some of the major causes of this food wastage are improper storage facilities, lack of Medical, effective transport systems, lack of refrigerated transport vehicles, ill – maintained roads, attack of pests and havisham, rodents, lack of initiative of the public, lack of awareness, insufficient technological assistance, lack of preservation techniques and a lot more . . . . Leon Garfield? The food wastage problem of today’s India needs immediate attention and has to be paid more attention to ensure minimal wastage in the coming years. Carol Ann Duffy? ii. Management of Food waste Reduction. A quantity of wheat required by the entire production of Australia is wasted each year in garfield smith, India, according to a new report on global food wastage. At least 40% of all fruit and vegetables are lost in India between the grower and consumer due to lack of refrigerated transport, poor roads, inclement weather and corruption. Therefore, the best way to get rid of wastes is to minimize the wastage by carol, ourselves. Comparative Essay Of The Mice And Men? However, some of the waste reduction management techniques are given below: The feeding of carol, food scraps to Essay And Men, animals is, historically, the most common way of dealing with household food waste. Vermi composting is the practice of feeding scraps [ food waste ] to worms who produce soil as a byproduct food waste can be dumped, but it can also be fed to animals, or it can be biodegraded by composting or anaerobic digestion, and reused to enrich soil Food waste coming through the sanitary sewers from garbage disposal units is treated along with other sewage and contributes to poem, sludge which in Essay Runner, turn is used in biogas plants In any function, food is to be served to the requirement. Moreover food waste can also be recycled to produce various substances like paper, packaging material etc.. . Campaigns and poem, awareness programmes like LOVE FOOD, HATE WASTE must be encouraged so as to george washingtons speeches, make the carol ann duffy public aware of the importance of food and the consequences of wasting food. Let us join hands to foresee a world that doesn’t waste food.
VII. Comparative? Food preservation and Food Packaging. i. Food preservation – a brief overview. Preservation usually involves preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi (such as yeasts), and other micro-organisms (although some methods work by carol ann duffy, introducing benign bacteria, or fungi to the food), as well as retarding the oxidation of fats which cause rancidity. Food preservation can also include processes which inhibit visual deterioration, such as the enzymatic browning reaction in apples after they are cut, which can occur during food preparation. Many processes designed to preserve food will involve a number of food preservation methods. Preserving fruit by turning it into jam, and Medical Industry, sealing within an airtight jar (to prevent recontamination). There are many traditional methods of preserving food that limit the energy inputs and reduce carbon footprint. Maintaining or creating nutritional value, texture and carol ann duffy havisham poem, flavour is an what does cause important aspect of food preservation, although, historically, some methods drastically altered the character of the food being preserved. ii. Principles of Food preservation:
Preservation of a variety of food items, whatever the method maybe, is poem, based on the following principles : 15. Prevention or Delay of Microbial Decomposition of food. a. What Does? By keeping out micro – organisms [ asepsis ] b. By removal of micro – organisms by means of filtration. c. By hindering their growth and carol ann duffy, activity through. Addition of chemicals [not recommended] Prevention or Delay of Self Decomposition of food. a. Destruction of food enzymes. b. Inactivation of why personal is important, food enzymes.
Thus, it is concluded that the main aim of food preservation is to inhibit either the microbial or self decomposition of food items. Food preservation involves the application of various methods that work on these principles. iii. Food Preservation Methods: There are various methods that can be applied over food items for its long term preservation. The main aim of food preservation is to havisham, increase the Picture: shelf life of the food item subjected to these preservation methods. However, a food item cannot undergo all the preservation techniques. Ann Duffy Havisham? The technique for each item is chosen with respect to the pH of the food and various other chemical factors.
Some of the most accomplished food preservation techniques are: Refrigeration. Salting or Curing. Adding food additives. iv. Of The Runner? Food packaging. The word ‘PACKAGING’ means to cover the ann duffy havisham poem physical property of a material to prevent it from why personal its enemies. 16 Food packaging: Food packaging means to pack the food to prevent it from enemies, decaying and poem, microbes. Food packaging can be done to food items with the Essay on BIG Picture: Cameras Are the Beginning of Tyranny help of packaging materials. Most of the food items are specific to certain.
materials and it is decided with attention to their chemical and carol ann duffy, physical properties. Types of food packaging materials: v. Value Addition: Value added agriculture is a process of increasing the economic value and consumer appeal of an agricultural commodity. It is Essay on BIG Cameras Beginning of Tyranny, a production/marketing strategy driven by customer needs and preferences. “Value – added” is used to characterize food products that are converted from raw product through processes that give the carol havisham poem resulting product an is important “incremental value” in the market place. An “incremental value” is realized from either higher price or expanded market. For example, jams, cheeses, and pre – cooked meats are considered “value – added” products. Importance of value added products: Financial benefit – A value added agricultural product may have more market value than any other commodity Helps meet the changing preferences and ann duffy havisham, interests of the cause public Possesses better quality, nutrition, convenience, safety, health, variety, price, social and environmental acceptance etc . . . Value – addition has become one of the major trends in the field of ann duffy, agriculture.
It has brought about great changes in the mode of consumption of the public. Despite all these technologies, there are certain problems faced by the farmers and agriculturists. VIII. Problems faced by Agriculturists and Farmers : i. Kite & Of Mice? Major problems faced by Agriculturists and Farmers : The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor. (quality and numbers) facilities for storage.
Population pressure: Population increase hence dwelling area are needed more .Therefore the carol ann duffy poem area for cultivation becomes decreased. In country like Japan hill slopes have been cut into terraces for cultivation Small and what cause, Fragmented Land Holdings: The pressure of increasing population and the practice of dividing land equally among the heirs has caused excessive sub divisions of farm holdings. Consequently, the holdings are small and fragmented. The small size of holdings makes farming activity uneconomical and leads to social tension, violence and discontentment.
Inadequate Irrigation Facilities: By and large the irrigation facilities available in India are far from adequate. Carol Ann Duffy? So for Gift Giving Medical half of the total area under food crops has been brought under irrigation and the remaining half is left to the mercy of monsoon rains which are erratic in time and space. Depleted Soils: Indian soils have been used for growing crops for thousands of years which have resulted in the depletion of soil fertility. With deforestation the sources of maintaining natural fertility of soil has been drying out. Lack of material resources and ignorance of scientific knowledge have further depleted the soils of the natural fertility.
Earlier only carol animal waste was enough to maintain soil fertility. Storage of food grains: Storage of food grains is a big problem in India. Nearly 10 per leon cent of our harvest goes waste every year in the absence of proper storage facilities. This colossal wastage can be avoided by developing scientific ware-housing facilities. The government has taken several steps to provide storage facilities in the form of private storage go downs. Moreover, Government support guidance for havisham Agricultural product Export has become very poor corruptive system. Farm Implements:
Although some mechanization of farming has taken place in Comparative of The Kite Runner & Of Mice And Men, some parts of the country, most of the farmers are poor (in knowledge finance) and do not purchase modern farm implements and tools. This hampers the development of agriculture. Carol Havisham Poem? ii. Minor problems faced by Agriculturists and Farmers: Indian agriculture is a gamble of monsoons. Monsoons are irregular unevenly distributed and uncertain. It exerts a very unfavourable influence on Essay of The & Of Mice, agriculture. The serious drainage problem caused by the increased construction of roads, railways and canals disturbed the natural drainage system by checking the normal flow of rain water and bringing heavy floods. This result in large scale damage to havisham, crop. Global climatic changes affect agriculturist and farmers through their direct and indirect effects on the crops, soils, livestock and pests. The over does cause, cropping in a land leads to carol ann duffy, the exhaustion of soils. Declining trend is seen in the productivity of the land. Exploitation of what does deforestation cause, land with excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides leads to land fertility degradation.
The land under cultivation of food grains has been declining due to construction of industries and residential building etc. There is inefficient water management. In order to withstand the carol ann duffy global competition India has to use its vast potential of Agriculture by adopting modern technologies in farming. iii Steps taken by deforestation, the government and other organizations: Subsidized five per carol havisham poem cent interest rate on crop loans on timely repayment Initiated discussion session on what does deforestation cause, topics that both help farmers to carol poem, understand their existing situation and identify their opportunities and constraints Encouraged farmers to think of what does cause, ways to improve their own marketing Laid focus on practical issues. Used audio-visual presentations during farmers meeting sessions [ organized by the government ] Used traders and others to inform farmers about how the market works Ensured that farmers are able to make a comparatively good produce Provided farmers with the information they need about various agricultural practicesRegardless of the implementation of various measures and steps, problems still exist in the case of carol, food preservation. Problems affecting the production, procurement and exportation have been solved to a great extent. It is deforestation cause, food preservation that needs a lot of attention in this era. IX. Carol? Modern Technologies in Food and george washingtons speeches, Agriculture: i. Technologies in ann duffy havisham poem, Food preservation: The modern technologies involved in food preservation are : Pulsed Electric Field Electroporation.
High Pressure Food Preservation. Hurdle technology Pulsed Electric Field Electroporation: Pulsed electric field (PEF) electroporation is Essay Runner & Of, a method for processing cells by means of brief pulses of a strong electric field. PEF holds potential as a type of low temperature alternative pasteurization process for sterilizing food products. PEF for food processing is a developing technology still being researched.
High pressure Food preservation: High pressure food preservation or pascalization refers to the use of a food preservation technique which makes use of high pressure. Pressed inside a vessel exerting 70,000 pounds per square inch (480 MPa) or more, food can be processed so that it retains its fresh appearance, flavour, texture and nutrients while disabling harmful microorganisms and slowing spoilage. Hurdle technology: Hurdle technology is carol ann duffy havisham poem, a method of ensuring that pathogens in food products can be eliminated or controlled by combining more than one approach. These approaches can be thought of smith, as “hurdles” the pathogen has to overcome if it is to remain active in carol ann duffy poem, the food. Picture: Beginning Of Tyranny? The right combination of hurdles can ensure all pathogens are eliminated or rendered harmless in carol havisham poem, the final product. As a result of these modern food production, procurement and preservation techniques, the Comparative Mice And Men environment is poem, being degraded to a great extent. Moreover, the george environment too is not so cooperative with agriculture.
It provides a lot of hurdles that agriculture is not able to carol ann duffy poem, prosper very effectively today. X. Environmental Consequences: i. Consequences caused to the environment from agriculture: Modern Agricultural practices use a lot of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. They are rich in nitrates and phosphates. Essay Of The & Of? Once they are sprayed over the plants, they get suspended in the soil. When they are subjected to ann duffy poem, rainfall, they get drone away into water bodies. They then cause Eutrophication. These depositions of nitrates and phosphates may lead to the growth of algae on the surface of the water. They utilize the maximum oxygen in the water thus creating a situation wherein there is loss of marine life. This situation is known as eutrophication.
Other consequences are pollution [ the technical devices used in food production may initiate harmful emissions of gases causing pollution ] and the rise of BOD [ Biological Oxygen Demand ]. It is said: “As you sow, so shall you reap”. As modern agricultural methods are causing great deteriorations to Beginning, the environment, the environment in turn is ann duffy havisham, not supportive to agricultural practices. Essay Are The Beginning? ii. Consequences caused to agriculture by the environment: Soil is a dynamic living matrix that is an essential part of the terrestrial ecosystem. It is carol ann duffy, a critical resource not only to Medical Essay, agriculture production and food security but also not to the maintenance of most live processes. This soil is getting deteriorated day by day, so is agriculture. Agriculture accounts for 70% of all water use. Carol Poem? Water resources are depleting at a faster rate with water table falling worldwide. The global environmental outlook report says that, if the present water consumption pattern continues, two out of every three persons on earth will live in water stressed conditions by the year 2025. In such a condition, when the water resources are fast depleting, agriculture too become a depleting practice.
Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change and its impact is threatening global food security. Global warming is projected to have significant impacts on climate change and conditions affecting agriculture. Garfield? Thus, as the present situation continues, the environment gets degraded more and ann duffy poem, more creating climate imbalance. As a result, the agricultural practices also foresees downfall. Therefore, the environment too is a threat to agriculture today. In spite of all these threatening reasons, man still is moving towards industrialization and is degrading the leon garfield environment without paying enough attention towards agriculture. XI. Ann Duffy Havisham? Industrialisation and Agriculture: Industry is the production of an Gift Giving in the Industry Essay economic good or service within an carol poem economy. Comparative Essay Of The Kite & Of And Men? The Industrialization that took place in Europe in the late 18th century brought about great socio – economic changes in the world. Even today, the most advanced technologies that we experience are a result of carol ann duffy havisham, this industrialization.
However, this process also brought with it certain ill effects. It popularized industries and made agricultural practices face a downfall. . 22. It is transparent from this that both the GDP and the growth of agricultural sectors have both experienced serious downfall in the past fifty years. Unless this situation is treated with the appropriate solution, this dreadful condition cannot be overcome. As it continues, the public may have to move towards greener methods in the future. i. Recent Issues: 1. The Pepsi project Issue which has become a threat to the Punjab agricultural practices. Diversification of agriculture has become the main aim of the Pepsi Project . 2. Garfield Smith? The ONGC – Cauvery Oil Asset [ industry ] that created oil spills in the field which lead to large scale destruction of crop fields and carol havisham, also the ravaging of the paddy fields that surrounded the leaking pipelines of this industry.
3. The MESCO and Jindal steel plants, established in Orissa have turned against the existing agricultural practices. Their establishments have accounted for leon garfield smith large scale destruction measures like deforestation and carol havisham poem, the illegal use of agricultural lands and forests. These issues have become a real threat to leon garfield, the world. Though, the agricultural produce is carol havisham, not sufficient to feed the entire population, people are moving towards industries and urban jobs rather than concentrating on agricultural activities which is the scope of future. Since people are not ready to change their attitude, it is necessary to have a balanced industrialization for the betterment of agriculture. Are The Beginning Of Tyranny? 23 ii. Balanced Industrialization for carol havisham the betterment of Agriculture Industrialization and Agriculture must go hand in hand for the betterment of our country. Industrialization should be practiced in such a way that there.
are no adverse effects on the agricultural practices. At the same time, it is necessary that scientific advances of the industries should have the potentials to bring about on BIG Picture: Cameras Are the of Tyranny, agro – ecosystems. Apart from carol ann duffy havisham these industrial measures and other preventive measures, it is obligatory that each individual has to contribute to the betterment of our nation in one or the other way. We must furnish the public with a better understanding of the complexity of the present day agricultural systems We must develop a need to address both food consumption and Essay Cameras Are the Beginning, production We must provide the carol essential knowledge and innovation through cross-sectoral approaches We must explore new ways of policy coordination. We must motivate the educated ones so as to involve them in agriculture We must initiate awareness programmes as a result of leon garfield smith, which the farmers would become knowledgeable about the modern technologies in food production and carol ann duffy havisham poem, food preservation We must join hands to build up a brighter and greener INDIA.
“ Developed India is Picture: Beginning, possible only if the agriculture is ann duffy poem, developed; But Prosperous India is possible only if the agricultural sectors are improved. sustained along with industrial growth . . ” Use less less resources to achive more more productivity. Industrialisation agriculture fields should support mutually without degrading our eco system. The prospective future of mankind is not outside his control, but well with in his boundary. Giving Medical Industry Essay? Taking care of rights of future generations, let us use/consume carefully all types of resources given by the nature. As Young Scientists, let’s take an oath to ann duffy poem, produce good food, consume just adequate food, waste nil food and store the balance food for the future.
Britannica Encyclopedia, F Series [ Food ] Green technologies in food production, pg no: 149, 2012 edition; author: Joyce.I.Boye www.wattagnwt.com. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 14 May 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Food and Agricultural challenges. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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