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resume nepal Taple VDC, Ward No. 1. Kokhe-Arghauta, Gorkha district, Gandaki Zone, Nepal. DoB : July 23, 1976. Skype : hello.bishnu Facebook: emailbishnu. Save the Children. Shree Krishna Bhawan, Airport Gate.
Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal. Phone: +977-1-4468130, Ext. 223. PhD Scholar in Non Traditional College Students Essay Rural Development in why i want Tribhuvan University, Nepal with over ten years of professional experience in College Students the different development fields - program planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Greater experienced of define social program planning, monitoring and evaluation working with the Global Fund - Single Stream of Funding (SSF) Round 10 and Round 7 - HIV AIDS Program. Non Traditional Students Essay? Good communicator and fluent in English and define social psychology Nepali languages. A team player with familiar on HIV AIDS Program for Most At Risk Populations (MARPs), Program Monitoring Evaluation, Data Analysis and College Essay Data Quality Audit/Assurance (DQA), Routine Data Quality Assurance (RDQA), On-Site-Data Verification (OSDV), DVCT/STI, CHBC, Harm Reduction, Community Care Center(CCC), Post Rehabilitation Care (PRC) Behavior Change Communication (BCC). Has an ability to strengthen coordination and linkages between non – profit / bi-lateral / multi-lateral organization, P/NGOs and other line agencies at essay, National/Regional level. Monitoring and Evaluation Coordinator - HIV/AIDS Global Fund – Single Stream of Funding (SSF) Round 10, Save the Children International, Country Office, Kathmandu, Nepal. [December 2011 to present] Lead in preparing ME plan, work plan, and performance framework and make necessary modification as required.
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Responsible for Monitoring and Evaluation of GFATM R7 to provide technical support to Sub Recipients (SRs) and College Students Essay the GFATM team in country office, especially in The Importance of Grammar in English Instruction planning and designing ME system and tools; developing recording and Essay reporting forms/formats/templates following the GFATM standard ME tools, ME plan and ME Manual; prepare monthly analytical reports, develop concept paper, presentations and thompson abortion data verification system. I am also responsible to meet the Students, training and technical needs of SRs and target audiences. I am working as a focal person when it comes to information/data collection and compilation; data verification at the source; timely submission of the reports; monitoring and a New Medium to Present Essay supervision of the field activities and coordination with the SRs and stakeholders at the project sites. Program Support Officer, Save the Children USA, Country Office, Kathmandu, Nepal. [December 2007 to November 2008] Overall responsible to ensure, facilitate, manage support staff (Secretaries and Messengers) and support to program department efficiently and effectively to meet the program objectives. Ensure all the secretarial support required for Non Traditional Students Essay, the programs such as preparation of internal external correspondences, documentation, and logistic support to The Importance Instruction Essay, meetings/workshops, consultancy agreements, travel arrangements and College Essay translation are provided efficiently.
Ensure that program support system is in abortion efficient functioning level. Information Technology and Support Officer, Save the Non Traditional College, Children USA, Western Regional Office, Nepalgunj, Nepal. [December 2005 – December 2007] Overall management of Information Technology (IT) functions of the region. Oversee regional level procurement function and store management. Ensure information management systems are in place that effectively and efficiently generates required information for managers and the procurement function. Essay Dangers Of Pesticides? Managed documentation system for planning and report produced in region as well as other incoming documents. Program Coordinator - Siddhi Memorial Foundation, Bhaktapur, Nepal.
[November 2004 to November 2005] I worked as a Program Coordinator in HIV/AIDS Harm Reduction Program of College Siddhi Memorial Foundation, Bhaktapur for Injecting Drug Users (IDUs). My major responsibilities were - Program planning, implementation, reporting, monitoring supervision of all program activities, prepare proposals for fund raising, administrative management, financial management and coordination / linkage in between INGOs, NGOs, Donors, and other line agencies. Consultant - (to compile information for HIV/AIDS Global Fund Proposal”) - Save the Children USA, Nepal. [March 2 – 18, 2005] My main responsibilities were - Collect demographic information needed to complete the HIV/ AIDS proposal submission to UNDP/GFATM. Compile the necessary information required to make the thompson abortion, GFATM/HIV/AIDS as proposal suggested by program officer. Non Traditional Students? Put the information in the template provided by UNDP/GFATM as suggested by Program Officer. Collect necessary supportive document for the submission of HIV/AIDS Global Fund proposal. Commodity Officer - Save the Children USA, Country Office, Kathmandu, Nepal.
[August 2003 to why i to be a pharmacist, August 2004] Develop protocol for procurement and delivery of Harm Reduction Supplies. Procure and deliver HR supplies in timely basis adhering the rules and regulations of the organization and UNDP. On the spot visit, coaching to Non Traditional College, the P/NGOs for the purpose of supervision and monitoring of Syringe/Needle Exchange Program. Psychology? Manage administrative work and provide logistic support for Non Traditional Essay, smooth implementation of HR program. Program Support Co-ordinator - Save the thompson, Children USA, District Office, Nuwakot, Nepal. [April 1998 to July 2003]
Act as a point person of public relation in a district. Assist District Program Manager and Non Traditional Essay sector heads in planning, implementing and monitoring the programs run throughout district. Psychology? Assist District Program Manager in preparing monthly, quarterly and annual reports. Assist District Program Manager in Non Traditional College Students Essay designing and define social conducting training/workshops. Coordinate and communicate with the partner NGOs and other stakeholders. Non Traditional Students? Maintain records of personnel, procurement and inventory. Program Secretary - Save the want a pharmacist, Children USA, District Office, Gorkha, Nepal. [January 1997 to March 1998] Assist District Program Manager and sector heads in planning, implementing and Non Traditional monitoring the Instruction, programs run throughout district. Assist District Program Manager in preparing monthly, quarterly and annual reports. Non Traditional College Essay? Assist District Program Manager in designing and conducting training/workshops.
Assist and provide logistic support for the conduction of workshop and why i to be essay seminars. Prepare memos, letters for GOs, NGOs, INGOs and College Students other line agencies. 2014 – PhD Scholar in Rural Development – Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur Nepal. 2004 - Masters of Rural Development (M.A. - M.R.D.) 59.90% – Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur Nepal. 2002 - Bachelor in Arts (B.A. – Three Years) 52.21% – (with major subject of Economics and Political Science - LEVEL Topper Medallist) Nuwakot Adarsha Multiple Campus, Nuwakot, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. 1995 - Intermediate in Commerce (I.Com.) 47.7% – Drabyashah Multiple Campus, Gorkha, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. 1993 - School Leaving Certificate (S.L.C.) – Shree Bindhyabasinee Secondary School, Nareshwor, Gorkha, HMG Board of Nepal. 1. “ Five Years Distinguish Service Recognition Award ” from want a pharmacist Save the Children U.S.A, Nepal.
2. Golden Medalist – Three years Bachelor Degree (B.A.) – Level Topper from Nuwakot Adarsha Multiple Campus, Nuwakot, T.U., Nepal. Organization and Teamwork. § Good organizational and administration capabilities. § Ability to work with people from Non Traditional Students diverse backgrounds in a team or individually. § Ability to adapt to multi-cultural environments. § Good networking and communication abilities. § Fluent in written and spoken English. § Fluent in psychology written and spoken Nepali and Hindi. EXPOSURE: Thailand, Bangladesh different areas of India.
§ June 30-July 11, 2014 “Training on Data Analysis using STATA” organized by College Students Save the a pharmacist, Children International, Kathmandu, Nepal. § February 16-21, 2014 “PhD Research Methodology Orientation” organized by College Dean office, Humanities and Social Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal. § March 10-16, 2013 “HIV AIDS Program Exposure to Bangkok Chiang Mai of Thailand” organized by Save the Children International, Asia Area Regional Office, Bangkok, Thailand. § September 9-14m 2012 “Training of Trainers (TOT) on Modular Course on HIV and STI Surveillance in Nepal” organized by National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC), Jawalakhel, Lalitpur. § September 15, 2010 October 6, 2010 “SPSS- 50-hour Training on Statistical Application, Data Analysis design and crisis intervention experimentation in collaboration with Kathmandu University, School of Education” organized by Non Traditional College Students Essay EdiFy International, Nepal. § February 14-20, 2010 Training of Trainers Modular Course on National AIDS Program Monitoring and National AIDS Database Program (TC/STI), organized by NCASC/UNDP, Mirabel Hotel, Dhulikhel, Nepal.
§ July 10-15, 2009 “Cross Learning Visit to Bangladesh – HIV AIDS Program”, organized by Save the Children, Country Office, Bangladesh. § July 17-22, 2008 “Emergency Response and Preparedness Training” organized by Save the Children Alliance, Nepal at Chitwan Paradise Hotel, Sauraha, Chitwan, Nepal. § July 14-15, 2008, “TraiNet Decentralization Training” organized by USAID Mission, Nepal at US Embassy, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal. § March 13-16, 2007 “Inter-Agency Child Protection Database Training” organized by International Rescue Committee (IRC), Nepal in why i essay support of Unifef, International Rescue Committee (IRC), Save the Children UK, European Commission Organize at Hotel Yak Yeti, Kathmandu, Nepal. § October 15-20, 2003 “HIV/AIDS TOT” – Bhaktapur Guest House, Nepal, Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. § June 4-10, 2003 “Life Skill TOT” – Dakhinkali Village Resort Organized by Save the College, Children U.S.A. § May 23-26, 2003 “Psychosocial Structural Approach Training” – Hotel Shanker Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. § February 5-7, 2003 “Basic Counseling Training” Organized by a New Medium to Present Essay Nepal Red Cross Society, Nuwakot.
§ September 23- October 10, 2003 “Developing Study School (DSS) Training” Bhaktapur Guest House and Hotel Keyman, Chitwan Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. § December 28-31, 2001 “Accounting of Not-For-Profit Organizations” Organized by Charted Academics International (P) Ltd., Kathmandu. § July 5-11, 2000 “General TOT” – Trishuli Hotel, Nuwakot Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. § April 5-11, 2000 “Office Management Training” Organized by Non Traditional Students Essay Management Association of why i a pharmacist essay Nepal (MAN), Kathmandu. § April 18-21, 1999 “Basic Computer Maintenance Training” – Hotel Vaisali, Kathmandu Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. § July 3-7, 1999 “Gender, FACETS (Family and Community Empowerment Training System), FGD (Focus Group Discussion), Social Mapping Training” – Trishuli Hotel Organized by Save the Children U.S.A. WORKSHOP/MEETING SUCCESSFULLY PARTICIPATED. § November 13, 2013 “ National HIV Research Agenda, 2013-2016 Dissemination Meeting” organized by Non Traditional College National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) in Using a New Medium to Present E-book Information NHTC Training Hall, Teku, Kathmandu.
§ March 13, 2012 “Data Validation Workshop for Nepal Country Progress Report – 2013” organized by National Center for Non Traditional Students Essay, AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) in Hotel Summit, Kathmandu. § August 10-11, 2011 Capacity Building on want a pharmacist Basics of HIV Infection Estimation and Projection Workshop organized by National Center for Non Traditional College Students, AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) in Hotel Shanker, Kathmandu. § April 7-9, 2011 “South and West Asia Regional Meeting on Accountability and Value for Money” organized by Using Medium Essay the Global Fund at Jaipur, India. § February 4-5, 2011 “Monitoring and Evaluation System Strengthening Tool Workshop” organized by National Center for Non Traditional Students, AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) in why i want to be Kathmandu, Nepal. § May 26, 2010 “Key Stakeholder Consultation for Consensus Building on Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) development of Non Traditional College Essay Targeted Intervention (TI) (FSW, MSM, IDU, Migrant)” organized by Essay on The National Center for AIDS and STD Control at Hotel Soltee, Kathmandu, Nepal. § April 23, 2010 “One day workshop on GFATM Country Profiles for Pharmaceutical and Health Product Management - 3 diseases, 1 PSM plan” organized by World Health Organization, Country office Nepal. § March 16-18, 2010 “UNDP-Copenhagen Training for HIV AIDS Commodities Forecasting” organized by National Center for AIDS and STD Control at Hotel Del’ Annapurna, Kathmandu, Nepal. § January 4-7, 2010 “Design, Monitoring Evaluation (DME) Workshop/Training’ organized by Save the Children at Hotel Royal Singhi, Kathmandu. § October 25-28, 2009 “Annual Planning Workshop with Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients for Year II” organized by Save the Children at Royal Century, Chitwan, Nepal.
§ October 23-24, 2009 “Annual Review Meeting with Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients” organized by Save the Children at Royal Century, Chitwan, Nepal. § March 19-20, 2009 Monitoring and Evaluation System Strengthening Workshop organized by UNDP, Hotel Himalaya, Kupondole, Nepal. § January 16-18, 2009 “Annual Planning Meeting with Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients” organized by Save the Children at Hotel View Vrikuti, Godawari, Nepal. § “Design, Monitoring Evaluation (DME) Workshop” on March 9-11, 2007 at Nepalgunj, Nepal. § February 27, 28 March 1, 2007 “Design, Monitoring Evaluation (DME) Workshop” organized by Save the Children USA, Hotel Astoria, Kathmandu, Nepal. § May 16-18, 2005 “Making UNGASS Work” in Nepal Workshop, Organized by College Students Essay Ministry of why i want to be a pharmacist essay Health Population - Nepal, National Center for AIDS STI Control - Nepal, Asia Pacific Council of AIDS Service Organization (APCASO)- Malaysia. December 11-14, 2013 “Monitoring Evaluation” Training to Sub-Recipients (SRs) under the College Students, Global Fund – SSF R10 organized by Save the children in Hotel Everest INN, Biratnagar November 7-9, 2013 “Monitoring Evaluation” Training to a pharmacist essay, Sub-Recipients (SRs) under the Global Fund – SSF R10 organized by Save the children in Dhulikhel Lodge Resort June 24-28, 2013 “Monitoring Evaluation and Online Program Management Information System (OPMIS)” Training to Sub-Recipients (SRs) under the Global Fund – SSF R10 organized by Students Essay Save the children in Royal Astoria Hotel, Kathmandu February 19-21, 2013, “Monitoring Evaluation Training on HIV and AIDS Program Management” to Sub-Recipients (SRs) under the abortion, Glboal Fund – SSF R10 organized by Save the children in Hotel Royal Century, Chitwan June 27-29, 2011 “Monitoring Evaluation Training (Refresher)” to Program Coordinator(s) and Program Supervisor(s) organized by Save the Children in Hotel Royal Century, Chitwan June 22-24, 2011 “HIV/AIDS Harm Reduction Training” organized by Essay Save the to be a pharmacist essay, Children in Hotel Space Mountain, Nagarkot March 12-15, 2010 “AIDS Program Monitoring Training” to Program Coordinator(s) Program Supervisor(s) organized by Save the Children in Hotel Space Mountain, Nagarkot October 5-7, 2009 Refresher training of Leadership on Monitoring Evaluation organized by Save the Children for Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients at College Students, New Era Hotel, Butwal, Nepal. September 10-12, 2009 “Refresher Orientation Training on HIV/AIDS Harm Reduction” organized by Save the define psychology, Children for Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients, Keyman Chautari, Nagarkot, Nepal. August 9-11, 2009 ‘Refresher MTOT” organized by Save the Children for Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients at Hotel Mayur, Nepalgunj, Nepal. June 24-26, 2009 Leadership Training on Monitoring Evaluation organized by Save the Children for Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients, Hotel Lake Palace, Palpa, Nepal. May 26-28, 2009 Leadership Training on Monitoring Evaluation organized by College Students Essay Save the why i want to be a pharmacist essay, Children for Global Fund Round 7 Sub-Recipients, Punna, Doti, Nepal.
PUBLICATION/ CREATIVITY / REPORTS: 1. A Study of Socio-economic status of Non Traditional Students Out-of-School Youth and Adolescents of of Grammar Kailali district, Nepal (Joshipur, Thapapur, Kotatulsipur, Geta VDCs Dhangadhi Municipality) , A Project Report Submitted to Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal on April 2008 for Masters Degree. 2. A study on Knowledge and Behavior in College Essay relation to the risk of HIV among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in Bhaktapur district of Nepal’ , A research report submitted to UNDP, September 2005 through Siddhi Memorial Foundation, Bhaktapur, Nepal and abortion A Thesis submitted to Non Traditional Students Essay, Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal on on The Dangers December 2007 for Masters Degree. Designed and Students Essay developed Active Learning Group Generated Book (collection of article presented on Development Study School Training 2002 organized by Save the Children U.S.A.) Extensive working experience of thompson abortion using business applications such as Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, and the use of the Internet for College Students, communication, research and reference. 2057 B.S. Diploma in social Computer Software Hardware (DCS/H), Oxford Computer Training Center, Nuwakot, Nepal 2054 B.S. Diploma in Computer (D/Com.), Advance Institute of Computer, Gorkha, Nepal.
EMERGENCY MEDICAL ASSISTANCE. Trained in basic first aid by Non Traditional Students Nepal Red Cross Society. Able to ride Motorcycle and able to drive Car, Reference: License # 006-926474, Kathmandu, Nepal. Awarded by 2 nd position in Oratory Competition organized by Gorkha Jaycees, Gorkha, Nepal.
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Why is it so important to the system of control? The author based the totalitarian government in this book on the examples taken from real dictators. You need to Non Traditional College Essay, discuss the why i to be examples that influenced him and provide readers from College direct quotes from the text. Thompson Abortion! The future societies described in this novel are totalitarian in their nature. College Essay! Compare Equilibrium and 1984 and define the crisis most effective government when it comes to controlling the populace. Be sure to College, cite the examples necessary to support your literature analysis and opinion, but if you don’t know how to do that well, the thompson good news is Non Traditional that our credible and of Grammar in English Essay trained academic writers will help you because they offer all services, including religious studies. Why do John Preston and Non Traditional College Essay Winston Smith both find themselves trying to thompson abortion, fight this totalitarian and overbearing government? Why is Non Traditional College Essay Preston more successful than Smith in his fight? Share your own reasons and on The Dangers Food examine the text thoroughly.
Pick the College Students Essay most effective method used by The Importance of Grammar in English, Big Brother to keep the population in College Students, control. Why is it the most powerful and useful? You need to support your opinion with valuable examples, such as real world techniques used to control the population nowadays. This is what will help you come up with an original and convincing essay. For students who are assigned to write a literature analysis essay, it’s an academic paper that should describe, evaluate, and analyze a particular book to provide readers with enough evidence to support your main idea. You can explain how it compares to other similar works or topics to make people keep reading your paper. If you need to write a George Orwell 1984 essay, this story takes place in a technologically-advanced world where fear is used to control and manipulate people.
This is how the author wanted to educate the define audience about the negative consequences of specific political philosophies and Non Traditional College defects in their human nature. He successfully manipulates utopian traditions to abortion, create his dystopia, a fictional world where the life if very bad from terror and oppression. If you have any problems when completing this academic assignment, contact our credible custom paper writers who offer a full range of Non Traditional College Students, services, such as lab report format deals, at quite affordable rates. Pay attention to Winston’s character and how he related to the attitude toward the Party. Do you agree that this fatalistic streak is a reason for the ultimate downfall? Does the technology affect the ability of the Party to control all citizens? How?
What ways and methods does it use? Focus on the idea of abortion, Room 101. It’s the place where people have to Non Traditional College Essay, meet with their worst fears. Remember that Winston doesn’t know what he’s going to find there for most of his time spent at why i want to be essay, the Ministry of Love. What role does expectation plays in making this place more frightening? Do you agree that the cage of rats breaks his spirit? Does it play just a symbolic role? Provide your readers with enough coursework examples to support your answer. What is the College Students Essay role played by Big Brother in this famous novel? What effect does this character have on Winston? Is his obsession with Big Brother different or similar to the one of O’Brien?
O’Brien confirms Big Brother’s existence, but he refuses either to deny or confirm the to Present Information Essay Brotherhood’s existence. Why? It’s advisable to discuss the dynamics of the Non Traditional Students Essay society that exists in Oceania too. Do you agree that the author wrote this novel as a warning? What did he want to warn people about?
You should evaluate the influence of different political climate in define social psychology, the world if you choose this interesting thesis theme. Non Traditional College Students Essay! Do you think that Julia differs from Winston? In what ways? Focus on her motivation, behavior, and basic goals. This book is full of doublethink and irony, so be sure to include in your academic paper as many examples as you can. Why do you think the author uses them both? Essay on 1984 by George Orwell Questions. What do you think about the characters of Winston and Julia? Make a detailed comparison. How do they rebel against the Party?
Are their attempts effective? What about Winston’s path toward destruction? Where did you first see a fatalistic outlook? Do you agree that his defeat is inevitable? What is the role of technology in Oceania? In what areas is it highly advanced and intervention stalled? Why? How do you evaluate the role of Big Brother in Students, Winston’s life and in thompson, Oceania? Is there any contradiction in this world and the governance of the Party? What about different Ministries and Non Traditional Students their roles? Why is thompson abortion this contradiction accepted so widely by citizens?
Be sure to answer these questions when it comes to your writing college application essays. Non Traditional College Essay! What is the role played by abortion, O’Brien in Winston’s life? Is he a respected and revered character? What is the symbolic significance of the Non Traditional College Students Essay prole woman who sings in the yard? What does she represent for the main character and Julia? Do you believe that this novel is the author’s definition of dystopia? Is it his warning to all modern people?
What are the interactions between Winston, Syme, and the old man? How do his interactions guide him toward an ultimate arrest? What is the level of power of the Party over citizens? You should discuss the tools it uses to maintain its control and their effectiveness. How can you outline the Essay Food social hierarchy in this world? Does it support the Non Traditional Essay Party?
How? Interesting Prompts for George Orwell 1984 Essays. It’s very important to the Party to keep all people of a New Medium Information, Oceania in Non Traditional, a continuous state of fear and paranoia. How does it achieve this goal? Why is thompson abortion it so important to the system of control? The author based the totalitarian government in this book on the examples taken from real dictators. You need to discuss the examples that influenced him and provide readers from direct quotes from the text.
The future societies described in this novel are totalitarian in their nature. Compare Equilibrium and College Students 1984 and define the most effective government when it comes to controlling the populace. Be sure to cite the examples necessary to support your literature analysis and opinion, but if you don’t know how to do that well, the good news is that our credible and trained academic writers will help you because they offer all services, including religious studies. Why do John Preston and Winston Smith both find themselves trying to Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary, fight this totalitarian and overbearing government? Why is Preston more successful than Smith in his fight? Share your own reasons and examine the Students Essay text thoroughly. Pick the most effective method used by Big Brother to keep the population in control. Why is it the a New Medium Information most powerful and Non Traditional College Students useful? You need to support your opinion with valuable examples, such as real world techniques used to control the population nowadays. This is what will help you come up with an original and convincing essay. For students who are assigned to social psychology, write a literature analysis essay, it’s an academic paper that should describe, evaluate, and analyze a particular book to provide readers with enough evidence to support your main idea.
You can explain how it compares to other similar works or topics to make people keep reading your paper. If you need to write a George Orwell 1984 essay, this story takes place in a technologically-advanced world where fear is used to control and manipulate people. This is how the author wanted to educate the audience about the negative consequences of specific political philosophies and defects in their human nature. He successfully manipulates utopian traditions to Essay, create his dystopia, a fictional world where the life if very bad from terror and oppression. If you have any problems when completing this academic assignment, contact our credible custom paper writers who offer a full range of services, such as lab report format deals, at quite affordable rates. Pay attention to Winston’s character and how he related to the attitude toward the thompson Party. Do you agree that this fatalistic streak is a reason for Non Traditional Essay, the ultimate downfall? Does the technology affect the ability of the Party to control all citizens? How? What ways and methods does it use? Focus on the idea of Room 101.
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A Business-Planning Template: Considerations for Cultural Heritage Organizations and Their Digital Asset Programs. The template described here is intended to help cultural heritage institutions prepare a business plan. It is Non Traditional Students Essay, a general guide to the major business-planning elements; each institution may need to modify or expand it to a New Information Essay fit its own needs. Each element of the template is explained, and most are illustrated with examples drawn from the telephone survey. Students. The template elements are as follows: mission, vision, values, and goals executive summary product or service description needs assessment or market research environment and competition markets and services pricing distribution communication organizational structure operations, including facilities and intervention equipment, management and staffing, and legal issues financial plans product evaluation and Non Traditional College Students Essay usability assessment. A mission statement should express the purpose of the organization and describe what is in English Essay, distinctive about it.
The mission statement might also briefly state something about what the organization aims to accomplish, including its marketplace niche or the quality of College, its products or services. Of Grammar Instruction Essay. The mission has an Students, impact on many other aspects of the organization's business plan, as indicated in the following examples of the WRLC and the University of North Carolina at psychology Chapel Hill. Lizanne Payne of the WRLC, a consortium of academic libraries, said of her proposal to create a consortial digitization infrastructure available to WRLC members, We saw this idea as a natural extension of the Non Traditional Essay digital library systems which we were already providing. We have a plan for integrating the new service into the existing organization. It is The Importance in English Essay, part of Non Traditional College Essay, our overall goal of encouraging the Essay Dangers in Contemporary development of digital collections from College Students our libraries. With these comments, she is confirming the importance of making sure that the digital service initiative is consonant with the Essay on The Dangers in Contemporary Food mission of the College Students organization in define which it is based.
At the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the library's mission was considered in making a key decision about College Students Essay, sustainability. Define. Deputy University Librarian Larry Alford said, The digital collections support the mission of the library; we use institutional resources to sustain the project long term. We do not intend to license the resulting data because the project meets our mission. Students. We're creating the Documenting the intervention South Collection and Non Traditional Students Essay other digital collections as a core function of the library, that should be funded as other core functions are funded. Richard Rinehart of the MOAC echoed this perspective when he said, The business plan for the collaborative project needs to thompson be mission driven, coming out of the missions of the participating institutions. That's part of the reason why access to this stuff is free. We figure out what ultimate goal is we are trying to achieve, and then fund it on the basis of that. This example demonstrates that even in a collaboration involving many institutions, it is possible to agree on Non Traditional, how the digital asset program fits in the aggregated missions and how that determines the community's approach to funding. In another illustration of crisis intervention, successful collaboration based on Non Traditional College, consideration of mission, Greg Colati, director of Digital Collections and Archives, and university archivist at Tufts University, discussed how the university's work with Boston-area cultural heritage institutions supports the university's mission: Everything we do is want essay, based on Non Traditional Essay, supporting teaching and research.
Part of the university's mission is to support other cultural institutions in the area. There is no specific mandate to do that, but we can do it if it also supports teaching and research. The goal of Instruction, this project was to digitize old city directories, census records, and historic photos using GIS capabilities. The vision statement expresses what the organization wants to be or become (the ideal or best-possible form and substance to which it aspires) and reflects the organization's priorities. Value statements describe core beliefs and College Essay norms of the organization, and might address issues about the corporate culture, or beliefs about what is right, fair, just or desirable (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 79?80). An organization's mission can be product centered or market centered. A product-centered definition emphasizes that the organization produces what it expects the consumer to acquire. The market-centered mission emphasizes the needs of the consumer, i.e., the benefits, the values, and the satisfaction they seek, irrespective of the particular product. The mission of the Library of Congress, quoted from intervention its Web site, is to make its resources available and useful to the Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of Non Traditional, knowledge and creativity for to be a pharmacist essay future generations. Students Essay. This mission is largely market centered, focusing on the Congress, the American people, and the good of future generations.
The mission of a university is more product centered (in the corporate sector, an example would be a mission statement focusing on what the company sells.) One example is the thompson abortion University of Denver's mission: to promote learning by engaging students, advancing scholarly inquiry, cultivating critical thought, and creating knowledge. While both examples mention the product and Non Traditional College Students the market, each has a different emphasis. Frequently, the organization will have multiple markets and therefore multiple ways to meet its missions. For example, a museum will have an educational mission; to define social psychology deliver on Non Traditional College Students Essay, this mission to both the essay general public and scholars, it will be a community center and serve a scholarly community. The goals statement defines what needs to be achieved to deliver the desired outcomes. The goals are specific and stated in a measurable form. They should be directly related to the mission statement. At the University of Washington Libraries, a digitization project supported the library's access goals.
Director of University Libraries Betsy Wilson noted, The American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collection project, begun in College Essay 1998 and funded by a Library of Congress Ameritech Grant, fit with the a pharmacist essay University of Washington's strategy of Oanytime, any place' library . . . getting materials to the user's desktop. It fit into the direction of enhanced access. Tom Hickerson, associate university librarian for information technology and special collections at of Cornell University, discussed how the Non Traditional College Essay perspective on digital initiatives had changed since the Digital Access Coalition was formed in 1992. We increasingly see digital collections as services rather than as purely content, and The Importance of Grammar Essay service support must be holistic, involving staff from various functional areas, such as reference, metadata production, systems, and copyright management. Essay. In the first decade, our focus was on content creation; in the next one, we will focus on thompson, the delivery of services, he said.
Executive Summary of the Business Plan. The executive summary of a business plan provides the reader with a justification for undertaking the initiative or an Non Traditional College, overview of the opportunity. It should describe the need or the problem being addressed in the initiative, the define audience or market segment being targeted, and the product or service being developed. The executive summary should leave the reader saying, So now I understand what this is all about. Students Essay. Cornell University is one of the few organizations responding to this survey that provided an example of a business plan. The document had been prepared for its Digital Consulting and The Importance Instruction Production Service.
The introduction or executive summary reads as follows: The Library Digitization Service will be operated as a component service of Digital Consulting and Production Services, a unit of the College Essay Division of Digital Library and Information Technologies (DLIT), directed by Thomas Hickerson (Associate University Librarian for Information Technologies and Special Collections). DCAPS offers a suite of digital asset management services supporting digital resource development, from feasibility assessment to full-scale production. Leveraging the Library's existing experience and expertise, DCAPS is comprised of associated services necessary to crisis intervention insure cost-effective creation, management, use, and preservation for Non Traditional College Students digital collections. Presently the services include digitization, metadata, copyright, and delivery technology consulting and implementation support. The document explains that the basis for this program is the IBM consulting model. This approach, which adopts a practice from the for-profit sector, is innovative within the why i to be a pharmacist library community. The model underlying DCAPS is conceptually similar to the one implemented by IBM with great success in recent years. Rather than having a customer deal directly with the various product-producing divisions of IBM, as was done for many decades, the customer is provided with a solution based on the full range of Non Traditional, products and a New Medium to Present E-book Essay services needed. While many of the products and services recommended are IBM-produced, most importantly, they meet the full range of a customer's needs in an integrated manner. While this approach has increased the Essay sales of IBM products, more significantly, it has increased the value to customers of IBM's expertise and advice.
Strategic or Market Opportunity. Part of the executive summary should briefly describe the specific need that will be filled by The Importance of Grammar, the product or service being developed. It should explain why this initiative represents a strategic way to meet the customers' needs and further the organization's mission. Service or Product to Non Traditional Students Essay be Developed. The executive summary should describe the product or service that is being developed in response to Using Medium to Present E-book Essay the strategic or market opportunity presented. The product should be described in terms of both the core service and product services.
Examples of core, or basic, services might be a metadata and image database, an online exhibit of selected digital content, an institutional repository, or a digital imaging laboratory for staff use. Examples of product, or value-added, services would be a high-quality printing and digital copying, software licensing, customized software, 24-hour virtual reference, or on-demand digital imaging services. Products are viewed in terms of a product mix, defined as the range of products offered. Students. An individual product might be a digital selection of collections within a library or museum; services supporting the use of digital collections, reference services, or museum exhibits; or programs such as museum educational outreach activities. The product mix is important as a grouping, since without one element of the mix, another element might not be available. Within the digital asset environment, most activity continues to focus on the base level, i.e., creation of the collections. Survey respondents are creating image and Using a New Information Essay metadata databases, with value-added services and learning tools just emerging.
Museums are starting to create services to support educational needs, databases to support scholars, and services to support their publishing activities. Students. Libraries are working on interactive systems to access scholarly work. Thompson Abortion. Nonetheless, the greatest percentage of Non Traditional Students, work under way at present is designed to launch the fundamental content on which a product mix will be based. In English Essay. Needs Assessment or Market Research. Kotler (2000, 139) writes that market research is a systematic design, collection, analysis and reporting of data and findings relevant to [a] specific marketing situation. There are several types of market research, including needs assessment, community analysis, and Essay marketing audits. One can collect a wide range of information, including data on the demographics, geography, economics, technology, politics, and culture of the community served, as well as on competition among similar products. These are characteristics of external market research. Internal market research should address a profile of strengths and weaknesses of organizational planning objectives, strategy and crisis intervention resources (human, fiscal, and physical), organizational climate, patterns of communication, and marketing plans. It is important that an Non Traditional College Students Essay, organization define the business it is undertaking, be it the overall business or a new product or service. Business definition can be done through a variety of market research techniques, including needs assessments.
Research, in the form of listening to constituents, donors, and clients, allows the organization to uncover what is perceived to be special about its constituents, both in how they think and the benefits they want in relation to the nonprofit organization. . . . The product mix of an organization is the want to be sum total of all of the organization's service outputs on behalf of particular constituencies (McLeish 1995, 9). College. Organizations use research to decide which products, or packages of products, should be maintained, increased, or phased out. There are four steps to doing market research: Determine the data elements to be covered . This step includes identifying depth of coverage, including the amount and type of resources available to intervention do the research. The type of data to be collected will depend on the specifics of the project. For example, a digitization project might begin with a series of focus groups with the Non Traditional Essay target market. The focus group process provides an opportunity to test the basic product concept. Using A New Medium E-book Information Essay. This testing should be done before any work is undertaken, as it can help define the scope of the project, including narrowing, broadening, or completely changing the items to be digitized.
Testing can also be used to College determine specific things, such as whether the users have sufficient bandwidth capability to receive digital video. Following focus groups, phone or written surveys can be undertaken to involve a larger number of individuals from the target market. Abortion. The survey could contain questions about specific product features, willingness to pay for the product, and Essay price-level sensitivity. This is the opportunity to ask members of the audience whether they would purchase the product at a specific price. It is also important to ask the audience why they would not use the product. Other market research could include usability tests.
This type of testing can be undertaken at various stages of the Essay Dangers product's development. It provides for testing the various features of the product and College Students the interface design. Usability testing is generally not done to determine audience acceptance of the overall product, because the number of The Importance of Grammar Instruction, individuals testing the product is too small. Develop the Non Traditional procedures for collecting the data and monitoring the process . The focus group and survey questions must be carefully developed. Pretesting questions on several organizations or individuals that represent the target market is an want a pharmacist essay, important step. Questions should address issues from the Non Traditional Essay audience's perspective, and project designers should be open to the possibility that results may not reflect answers that experts or staff may want or expect. Questions should be revised on the basis of the results of the pretest. To avoid bias and to why i want get the best results, an individual with expertise in market research techniques, rather than staff of the institution, should develop the survey or conduct the focus group. Collect and analyze the Non Traditional Students Essay data . Market research is of two types: primary and crisis intervention secondary.
Primary research includes customer studies, such as interviews regarding their current needs, demographics, and why they use or do not use a particular library or museum service. Market research can also be used to College Students assess customer interest in a new product or service. Want. Secondary research provides information that others have gathered about College Students Essay, a diverse range of Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary, customers that is then customized to the specific research needs of the College Essay organization. It is standard practice to conduct secondary research first. Competitor research may have to be purchased or obtained through subscription online services. Prepare reports and present the results . A market research consultant or the define psychology staff undertaking the market research should present a summary of the data and some conclusions. It is important to look not only for desired results but also for Non Traditional College Essay unanticipated feedback. Are the market responses different than anticipated? Do customers want the of Pesticides in Contemporary product delivered in a different way? Do they want an interpretive exhibit approach rather than a database approach? Is the price of the product or service too high?
Is there evidence that the customer wants a different product entirely? For example, do they want high-quality prints when you were not planning to Non Traditional Essay offer prints at all? Or do they want TIFF images delivered via e-mail? Environmental scans, Delphi techniques, and scenario planning are market research techniques developed in the last decade. The Delphi method, developed by the RAND Corporation, is social, a structured method of group communication to deal with complex problems. The process includes three features: anonymity, iteration and controlled feedback, and Essay statistical group response (Weingand 1998, 66?67). Scenario planning was first used in the 1960s by the military and is now used widely to avoid planning based on a single set of assumptions. A New Medium To Present E-book Information. The scenario method of planning allows an organization to explore questions starting with What if . . Students Essay. . (Weingand 1998, 85?95) and can allow participants to explore best and worst cases, as well as a range of options or solutions for current or future situations. Market research allows an organization to. assess new and emerging opportunities furnish information for short- and long-term marketing plans obtain information to solve problems know which decisions have been correct and which ones are in need of to be essay, change develop promotional and public relation appeals assess where the organization stands as it relates to competitors. Oya Rieger, coordinator of the management team of Cornell University's Digital Consulting and Production Services (DCAPS), reported that while DCAPS did not undertake any systematic market research for its campus library digitization services, its involvement in the Unified Services Working Group greatly expanded its understanding of faculty needs. Cochaired by the Cornell Library and Cornell Information Technologies, the campuswide group has representation from the Office of Non Traditional, Information Technology (OIT), Center for want Learning and Teaching, School for Continuing Education, Communication and Marketing Services, and eCornell.
The working group is exploring how to Non Traditional Students rationalize service access for faculty interested in why i to be using various information technologies to enhance learning and teaching. Non Traditional College Students Essay. The goal is to provide faculty with systematic assistance in identifying resources and services in support of their projects. As a part of the Mellon-funded Models for Using Information Essay Academic Support (MAS) 2010 project, the library has recently completed a survey to determine needs of New York libraries, museums, archives, and historical societies in order to assess the feasibility of developing a fee-based service. The MAS 2010 team is getting ready to administer a campuswide survey to assess the digital asset creation and College Essay management needs of the Cornell community. Information about the MAS 2010 project can be found at http://www.library.cornell.edu/MAS/. Specific ways to learn more include. mail surveys, which are relatively inexpensive but have a low return rate and are the least reliable option phone interviews, which provide immediate information but limit the amount of information gained from the recipient, since the interviewee will be reluctant to spend too much time on the phone personal interviews, which can provide extensive information but are the most expensive option. The Importance In English Instruction Essay. Market research can also fit into a fund-raising operation. In March 1999, The National Gallery of London, which has a much-admired development office, advertised a position as head of marketing. The National Gallery isn't short of visitors, but will need good data about College Students Essay, its visitors, whether individual or corporate.
Without data feeding into Essay Dangers in Contemporary the fund-raising department, it is hard to prove the Oreach' and hence the value of a partnership with the Gallery (Runyard and French 1999, 267). One challenge for College a marketing effort is to to be essay take measure of the overall environment in which cultural heritage organizations exist. More than a decade ago, United States customers were described as demanding, inquisitive, discriminating, and no longer content with planned obsolescence, no longer willing to tolerate products that break down. They are insisting on high quality goods that save time, energy, and calories; preserve the environment (Rice, 1990). Will the College donors, volunteers, and clients of cultural heritage organizations exhibit some of Essay on The Dangers in Contemporary, these same characteristics? These changes in audiences mean that a cultural heritage institution must discard preconceived notions of audience and constantly monitor its constituents in order to Non Traditional College Students Essay match services and programs with evolving needs and desires. The library or museum must know more about a New Medium E-book Information, its constituents as they change.
Market research provides those opportunities. Non Traditional College. For the American Indians of of Grammar Instruction, Pacific Northwest Digital Collections project, led by the University of Washington, Betsy Wilson noted, We did informal market research, we asked [questions of] our advisory team made up of historians, tribal leaders, librarians and students. They helped with the grant proposal. . . . We thought we knew how to do it. Cultural heritage organizations must understand the environment in which they are operating. The word environment includes political, economic, technological, and competitive factors. The organization must understand how its constituency views it.
Publicly funded organizations must understand how the voters and legislators view them. Organizations with donors must understand how their donors view them. One must evaluate one's own programs and where they fit within the competitive marketplace, deciding which to keep and which to Non Traditional Students eliminate, even if the products or services are offered free of charge. Thinking about competition is an important part of business planning, and the organization might do well to think in thompson terms of Essay, dollars. Any organization trying to gain a portion of social psychology, consumer dollars, philanthropic or otherwise, has competition (McLeish 1995, 31).
As part of strategic planning, the organization needs to ask a series of questions related to the competition, even if there is no profit-based motive. As Richard Rinehart of the MOAC confesses about the environment surrounding museum collaboration, There is an inherent competition for glory and resources among institutions that must attract visitors' leisure time and ticket income, as well as scarce public funding. Basic knowledge about the environment and Students Essay competition also includes the answers to questions such as these: If there are sales involved in the product or service, what is the total marketwide sales volume? In dollars? In units? How many customers does each competitor have, and what percentage of the market do they have? What are the sales-volume trends?
Who are the major competitors? Do they charge fees? Who will the future competitors be? What are the competitors' strengths? Weaknesses? What are the competitors' strategies to succeed? What are yours? What technological trends affect cultural heritage institutions? What are the competitors' main modes of why i to be, promotion? When customer behavior changes, how will institution change?
What are demographic trends affecting the museum and library environments (e.g., an aging population, changing view of libraries by the Internet generation)? What are key financial measures in the museum or library market (e.g., local, state, and federal government funding; changing levels and patterns of Non Traditional College Students, fund raising and donations)? Answers to these questions will create a picture of the on The Food competitive environment and provide information that can be used to Non Traditional College Essay develop an action plan. The Nebraska Historical Society reported visiting a major national commercial digital imaging service as part of its research for creating its own service. The research allowed the of Grammar in English society to learn about such things as the College Students Essay technology used, the pricing strategy, and the quality control program of the vendor. It determined that it could not only build a service for its own institution but also offer the service to area libraries and intervention museums. Market research would assist in Non Traditional assessing appropriateness of intervention, price levels, product features and functionality, customer support, and other aspects of its service.
On the Non Traditional Students basis of market research or needs assessment, a cultural heritage organization can define the service provided and thompson the market in which it will operate, define the scope of its competitive environment, and expand or limit its offerings or the number of Non Traditional College, constituencies it will serve. Market segmentation is the process of crisis, dividing customers into groups with unique characteristics and needs. On the Non Traditional basis of these data, specific marketing strategies can be developed. Levels of market segmentation include undifferentiated or mass marketing, segment marketing, niche marketing, local marketing, and individualized marketing (Kotler 2000, 256?259). Mass marketing, or undifferentiated marketing, treats the entire marketplace the same. Many cultural heritage institutions take this approach to marketing.
The academic library may initially think it offers the same services to all markets; however, further investigation may reveal that it does segment. For example, the library offers a different level of of Pesticides in Contemporary, services to faculty and graduate students than it does to high school students. Segment marketing distinguishes among populations, often by offering an array of Non Traditional College, products designed to meet differing needs. Alternatively, tailor-made messages may be sent for marketing the same services to thompson abortion different segments. The prime tool for this approach is a rich database of marketing information that can be accessed for a variety of services. Niche marketing, or concentrated strategy, focuses on servicing only a few markets. Students Essay. An example might be a children's museum, which would focus its services on children, parents, and educators. Thompson Abortion. The result would be to attract a strong following, investing in Students Essay that clientele and developing a product offering that is appealing to them. There is a highly defined audience, and the institution has highly defined goals for Essay Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary Food reaching that audience. Geographic, or local, marketing may aim at specific neighborhoods. College. For a local history museum or historical society, this may be a very effective approach.
Walk-in services might also be promoted with this type of marketing, for instance, through promotional flyers directed to abortion specific zip codes. Individual marketing can include mass customization through interactive, Web-based technologies, but it can also open an organization to individual feedback and two-way communication about Non Traditional Essay, products and services. Nonprofit groups compete with each other in roughly four areas: programmatic or technical superiority, quality of programs or products, better support services, and price. All four bear further examination (McLeish 1995, 79). Marketing strategy will need to be designed to a pharmacist essay best place the organization in its competitive market, and Non Traditional College market research will identify the specific needs of these markets. Repositioning or repurposing an existing product can expand its life by introducing it to a new market segment. Identifying the Essay on The Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary Food specific market segment will also allow the organization to determine the size of the market and Students determine the technological requirements, such as bandwidth and computer capacity.
For instance, if a collection is to be useful to crisis intervention the home-school audience, limited access to Non Traditional College Essay broadband for why i want essay home users has to be considered in determining the best way to present large-image files. Richard Rinehart noted that when developing new content there is usually a new market involved, but that the MOAC project did not emphasize development of new markets early on. The California Digital Library was created in College Students Essay response to user demand, users being students and faculty of the University of California, so MOAC already has the target audience; we just brought a different supply side to meet the demand. Within the MOAC project, there were some new audiences, art and anthropology faculty, but there was no systematic means of identify new audiences/markets early on. Most business textbooks have extensive sections on pricing, including many examples that may be useful for Using a New to Present E-book Essay nonprofit organizations. To determine whether to develop a product or service, one must determine the cost of creating it. A decision is also needed on whether the product should be made available at no cost to the constituency or whether a fee should be charged. In the for-profit environment, the cost of development is College Essay, known and the price is determined as a matter of course. Cultural heritage organizations frequently offer the product or service at no cost as part of their public purpose; as a result, they do not use financial management systems to determine the total cost of developing and providing the product.
Ideally, business planning should include information on the full cost of providing products and services, even if the organization decides not to recover that cost. The types of cost data collected should include both direct and indirect costs, as illustrated in the following chart. Some projects develop cost models by dividing total costs by the number of digital images or objects generated for the product or service. Essay On The. While this may be a relatively easy method of cost assessment, it is not fully accurate. Instead, the organization should take an approach that includes not only the expenses just noted but also capital expenses.
Hardware and software must be depreciated over a period of time that generally extends beyond the timeframe for a single project. When amortized, project costs will vary. Other questions to ask include the Non Traditional College Students following: Is the define social psychology initial investment intended to be used for other projects? Was product research included in the overall cost? Have staff costs been appropriately allocated to the project? Are staffing costs higher than anticipated because of the learning curve or delays in the product development? (This will drive up project and product cost and could have an impact on the cost per item if the simple calculation method noted above is used.) Cultural heritage organizations with a great deal of experience in Students Essay creating digital projects and services are keenly aware of how quickly the overall formula for establishing cost can change. Using Medium To Present. John Wilkin of the University of Michigan observed, We're always looking at Students Essay our costs. We develop and refine the cost models on a monthly basis, looking at the unit costs and the trends. Another formula for a New E-book Essay pricing is Non Traditional College Essay, brief but thorough: Price= Image +Service+Product+Overhead+Profit+Risk (Bangs 2002, 73). Costs are associated with all elements of this intriguing formula. Thompson. It addresses program costs such as marketing and Non Traditional Students advertising (image), costs related to creation and delivery of the services provided, and costs related to the indirect or overhead of operating the organization providing the service.
It includes a profit margin. Finally, the costs of taking the Essay Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary Food risk to offer the service and of the Students potential lost opportunity are included in this formula. When determining pricing, one must consider marketplace conditions, not solely the abortion cost of producing the product. College. These conditions include the competitive environment, what the competition is charging, what the customer will pay, and an approach to cost recovery over time. Perceived value may play a role in social psychology setting pricing, and if the perceived value is very high, the actual cost of creating the product may not be highly related to pricing strategy. Non Traditional College Students Essay. Some organizations may establish a low price and sell a high quantity of a product. This approach is generally successful only Essay when the College Essay product has become a commodity and there are few remaining competitors. Cultural heritage institutions, with their unique physical collections and environment, will not evolve to a point where products become commodities and there are few competitors remaining in the field.
It is, however, possible that digitization services, such as high-quality print, could be a commodity offered by intervention, only a few competitors. The marketing literature generally discusses distribution in terms of physical place. College. However, most digital asset management products or services provided by cultural heritage organizations are distributed through their institutional Web sites, and crisis intervention the traditional image of the College Students Essay library or the museum as a building alone has become outdated. Define Psychology. The library that seeks to foster an image of being essential to the community and on the cutting edge of information provision cannot afford to be tied exclusively to Non Traditional College yesterday's paradigm of service -(Weingand 1998, 113). In addition to the institution's Web site, several other distribution strategies may be considered, including partnerships with for-profit organizations, collaborative initiatives such as the AMICO or the of Grammar in English Essay CDP, and partnerships in which one partner is responsible for distribution. Non Traditional College Students Essay. The University of why i want to be essay, Virginia has an Essay, interesting partnership with ProQuest Information and Learning Limited (formerly Chadwyck-Healey) under which ProQuest Information distributes the licensed version of the university's Early American Fiction collections. ProQuest Information is of Grammar in English Instruction Essay, responsible for sales, publicity, development of promotional materials, determination of the marketplace, and distribution of the licensed product. The University of Virginia distributes the product free of charge to its faculty and students and to those of other academic institutions in Essay the state through the Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA). Nontraditional partnerships such as this one are emerging in the digital environment but are still rare. Distribution channels are responsible for getting the product to the marketplace.
Questions to consider include: Where is the best place to sell the a New Medium E-book Essay product? Will audiences find the product without an aggressive distribution channel, or must such a channel be created? What barriers to distribution might exist, including technological barriers, such as bandwidth capacity, and barriers to penetration into rural communities and College Essay developing nations? Most organizations are taking a relatively passive approach to product sales—offering online ordering of prints or digital copies of images from their Web sites. More-complicated product licensing programs, marketing initiatives, sales programs, and conference exhibit schedules are emerging. Sales, while integral to a business plan, is not a topic addressed in this paper. There is ample literature on establishing a sales program, but there are few examples in The Importance of Grammar Instruction the cultural heritage community of sales as the Non Traditional College primary basis of sustainability. When the topic of sales is present in the business plan, it should be approached with sensitivity to the values and define social psychology mission of the organization. Non Traditional College Students Essay. Before an organization can determine which communication or promotional tools to use, it has to have an image or message for a product, service, experience, or organization to promote (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). It must be something the user will respond to, find appealing, want to purchase, or participate in.
Today's marketing experts talk about brand image or brand identity . These are shortcuts to attract attention and build familiarity, trust, or expectation of benefit. An effective image works like a funnel, directing a flow of attention and regularly bringing consumers to an organization's . . . corner whenever the consumer has a need for that type of product or service (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). Brand image or identity is a visual symbol or logo or a message conveyed through a slogan or tag line. There is more to a communication plan than branding. A full communication plan includes a range of promotional strategies and activities targeted to a specific audience and has a specific set of messages based on define psychology, the benefits to be derived by those users, as defined by the needs assessment and market research or needs assessment. There are four basic tool sets of a promotion plan: advertising, which includes print and broadcast ads, mailings, catalogs, newsletters, brochures, posters, billboards, symbols and logos, and other print products public relations, including press kits, speeches, seminars, annual reports, sponsorships, publications, lobbying, and media relations direct marketing, such as direct mail, telemarketing, integrated direct marketing, and database marketing sales promotion, including gifts and premiums, discounts, gift shops, redemption coupons, and tickets. It is commonly thought that the Non Traditional Students Essay refrain from Field of Dreams , If you will build it, they will come holds true for all digital assets, and that making something available through a Web site represents effective and adequate marketing. Want To Be A Pharmacist Essay. More can be done with a Web site to enhance a communication plan. An Internet marketing plan can include anything from naming the product with the Internet in mind—for example the Colorado Virtual Library—to using e-mail alerts (selectively, of course) to do digital publications (Bayne 1997). Many of these communication tools could be more extensively used by libraries and museums, and could be built into a promotional plan for digital asset products and services. This is something many libraries and Non Traditional Students museums simply neglect.
Even the MOAC project did not put significant resources into Essay of Pesticides Food marketing, We had a good plan for developing the content, but we haven't successfully reached out to let the professional community know that it's available to them. Non Traditional. We had a built-in audience; marketing to them was overlooked in the early stages, commented Rinehart of MOAC. A specific response is abortion, desired by the promotional product and Students Essay should be spelled out in the communication plan. A timeframe for each activity should also be noted in the plan. The communication plan has an impact on the budget, and each component of the plan is likely to have associated expenses, such as advertising costs. Organizational structure can have a substantial impact on a variety of sustainability issues. The way in which digital activity fits into the organization, and communicates with it, directly affects the likelihood of ongoing success. The efficiency of the organizational map for psychology the digital service or program can also affect staffing, equipment, marketing, and other business elements. When there is College Students, a separate unit, it is essential to social define the role of the unit and its collaborators within the organization as a whole.
The model adopted at Essay the University of Michigan is why i want to be essay, just one example of how central funding for a part of the unit's operation can be augmented through projects or partnerships. The unit's business plan is based on several sources of funding, each of which is appropriate for the organizational plan. At the University of Students, Washington, the position of the digital initiative unit in the library has changed, reflecting changing needs. The unit began as a SWAT team of crisis intervention, five people who guided projects across different parts of the College Students Essay library, worked on technical and The Importance of Grammar Instruction Essay metadata standards, managed fiscal aspects of projects, watched for College emerging technology, and trained staff. However, there was a strong desire to ensure that this group be recognized and in English Instruction Essay integrated across the library system. We learned that we needed a centralized unit to steer the digitizing work within the library, said Betsy Wilson.
This model fit the needs of a single institution in a partnership relationship with other organizations. In contrast, the Non Traditional Students MOAC took a highly decentralized approach to Using to Present E-book Essay organization. The CDL Online Archive of California (OAC) provided the technical infrastructure for the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Finding Aids project that the 11 participating museums used for their project. The goal of the initial grant was to see whether museums throughout California could create an integrated, online collection of finding aids for the museum collections, sharing the OAC infrastructure and adapting the EAD finding aid environment to museums. An IMLS grant was awarded to the CDL, and minigrants were awarded to Non Traditional College Students Essay the museums. The 11 museums created digital images and finding aids and submitted the data to the OAC. Rinehart, project manager for MOAC, notes, One of the biggest findings is that we spent a lot of time figuring out Essay Food how museums could contribute content to one central portal [OAC.
Later we began] to enable museums to become more capable at College Students Essay creating digital stuff and sharing it. [We needed to] show [that] each museum can share its information in more than one portal, instead of focusing exclusively on the centralized portal [OAC]. We looked back up the a New Medium to Present E-book Information Essay chain at each individual institution and asked, OWhat can we do to help them?' The focus on individual museums is further exemplified by Rinehart's comments on outsourcing: Each individual museum was responsible for digitizing its own content. Some outsourced and some didn't. Individual institutions made their own [staffing] decisions; only one museum hired someone just for the project. On the topic of budgets, Rinehart explained, It's up to the museum; each came up with its own budget. And, finally, regarding sustainability: Museums that are part of the University of California system will receive some support from the system; the CDL will have to pay for more server storage, tools, etc. Non Traditional College Essay. Museums are now on their own in terms of budgeting; each museum will decide that.
So many other projects have spun off the MOAC; other grants have been developed. Abortion. The organization of the CDP, like that of the College Students MOAC, is decentralized, yet the program provides centralized services such as training and consulting services, along with infrastructure, such as regional digital imaging labs and a centralized metadata database. Crisis Intervention. CDP Executive Director Liz Bishoff notes, I concur with Rinehart's comments on the need to put more emphasis on what individual institutions need. We need to put effort on what the individual institution needs, figure out what they need, and decide what standards they can afford to produce. Every program or service needs physical space. This includes space for Essay staff, equipment, and storage of why i want essay, supplies, both for Students Essay the initial product or service development and for ongoing operations. Because space must be budgeted for, detailed information about space requirements must be provided and decisions made as to whether existing space can be used, whether it must be rented or remodeled, or whether construction must be undertaken. We had to find room in special collections to house two cameras and the staff for a New digitizing books that could not be removed from special collections, noted Karin Wittenborg of the University of Virginia. Special consideration must be given to the resources that are being digitized from museums and libraries. Their fragile nature may preclude shipping them to vendors or even moving them to different parts of the building or campus.
If rental space is required, brokerage fees and moving costs must be included. Non Traditional Essay. The business plan must specify all required equipment, including furniture and computer technology, and whether it is to be purchased or leased. Depending on the cost, the equipment may be amortized over a period of years. The Importance. The organization's finance and information technology departments should be consulted regarding the recommended amortization periods. Non Traditional. Telecommunications, general computing, digital imaging, and digital rights management software should be included in the equipment required, as should user authentication and digital watermarking software, if it will be used. Digital asset management programs depend heavily on planning for why i to be a pharmacist essay appropriate technology. Issues to be considered in the business plan include technology costs related to standards compliance; interoperability with partners or national activities; migration of Non Traditional Students Essay, operating systems and hardware platforms, data migration, and preservation; and authentication.
Larry Alford of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reported, We . . . migrate data, back up data, and provide sufficient staff to maintain the service. That comes out of the why i want a pharmacist library's operating funds and is part of a business plan for sustainability that does not include generating revenue. Other institutions are likely to decide that the costs of such infrastructure should be offset by Non Traditional College, revenue of some kind. The business plan must address the staffing needed to complete the project, including the degree of needed technical capacity and thompson managerial competence. College. It should indicate who would be the project director and Using a New Medium to Present Information Essay make certain that this person has the responsibility and authority for completion of the project.
The plan should include brief descriptions of other key management positions and personnel requirements. It should indicate what positions are new hires and what individuals will be reassigned from existing positions. Some activities are best outsourced and should be indicated as such. College. Staffing is The Importance in English Essay, a major expense for cultural heritage institutions. The budget documents should include not only salary but also fringe benefits for permanent and Students temporary staff associated with both the The Importance of Grammar in English Instruction development and ongoing support of the product or service. At the College Students Essay WRLC, the need for expert staff drove members to on The Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary support a central service. Lizanne Payne recalled, One of our obstacles was the Non Traditional Essay need for staff expertise in each library. It seemed to make more sense to develop that expertise centrally—to have a few centrally located staff with expertise— rather than assuming that each library would develop staff with metadata and scanning expertise.
It seemed like a logical place for The Importance in English the consortial organization to start, since some of the libraries had already started digitization but not on a large scale. The decision to create a shared infrastructure helped the Non Traditional Essay member libraries avoid considerable expense. Similar arrangements, wherein members contribute different kinds of staff expertise, are evident at social psychology the University of Washington and in other projects described on the CDP Web site. 7. In the University of Southern California Digital Library Program, Marianne Afifi reported, we're finding a need to Non Traditional Students Essay track what people are doing. We're having to become more formalized, take a project management approach. Before we start, we'll do an Essay on The Food, analysis of Students, whose time is going to a New Essay be involved and Essay how much. We do a better job of tracking resources—money, time, etc. It helps us to a New Medium Information Essay prioritize projects. Almost every project noted that a full-time project manager was needed.
Wittenborg at the University of Virginia commented, It would have helped to have a project manager assigned to the project full-time from the beginning and to College Students Essay have one department responsible for the whole project from the thompson abortion outset. Hiring a full-time digitization coordinator to be responsible for the imaging schedule and College Essay quality control helped to improve the efficiency of the project. We should have incorporated staff turnover into crisis intervention the time we budgeted to Non Traditional Essay complete the digitization project. By its nature, a digitization project or service is why i to be a pharmacist, likely to have copyright and intellectual property issues associated with it that other projects undertaken by cultural heritage institutions do not face. Laura Gasaway, a leading copyright expert, articulates several reasons for creating a university copyright ownership policy, and many of these apply to digitization projects (Gasaway 2002). In general, copyright is designed to encourage research, scholarship, and the creation of new knowledge.
The policy should. protect the College institution's interests protect the faculty, archivists, curators, and librarians or other -creators deal with issues before disputes arise. Specific issues to be addressed in a higher education setting would include the following: work-for-hire considerations, a particularly important issue for museum photographers, library and museum Web designers, exhibit designers, and education resource creators deeds of gifts that ensure the institution has the a New Medium to Present E-book Information rights needed to undertake the digital asset presentation activities copyright for educational programs, including the Non Traditional College Students Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act and best practices related to library reserves; copyright permission procedures; and special issues in the copyright arena, such as those related to music and a New Information Essay other performances the Native American Graves Repatriation Act, a key issue for most museums. Non Traditional Students Essay. Generally, a copyright policy is developed by a team, including faculty members or curators, librarians or archivists, board members, and legal counsel. Legal counsel experienced with copyright and essay intellectual property rights and, in particular, with fair-use issues, is preferable. Non Traditional College. Few, if any, certainties can be found in the area of copyright and fair use, although guidance is available and case law is emerging slowly. If a cultural heritage organization is participating in a collaborative initiative, there are additional legal issues.
Further, there are different considerations 8 for Using a New Medium to Present Essay managing digital versions of College, published and unpublished resources. Another expert on rights and fair use is Georgia Harper, who has mounted an extensive set of policy and instructional pages on the University of Texas Web site. Many of these are extremely helpful for all kinds of organizations with a public mission. Although the advice and briefings were prepared for a higher education environment, museums and other cultural heritage organizations would benefit from the information available in Harper's publication Crash Course in Copyright (Harper 2001). While the Essay Dangers of Pesticides Food business plan is Students, not intended to of Pesticides Food articulate every element of a rights management plan, it should address aspects of intellectual property, copyright, and Essay other legal issues that entail risk and cost. If a cultural heritage institution is considering creating a digital resource to sell, it is particularly critical to know about psychology, rights. While intellectual property law changes frequently, the basic principles are outlined by Lesley Ellen Harris, a media copyright attorney, in her book Digital Property (1998). More information on rights issues specifically related to digital assets can be found in chapter IV of the NINCH Guide to Good Practice (2002). Two concise guides to the decision-making process related to public domain resources are available from Laura Gasaway's Web site (Gasaway 2003) and from the Michigan Library Consortium (2003). Many museums and libraries are incorporating their digital initiatives into their operating budgets. Institutions should consider developing a separate financial plan for Non Traditional Students the digital asset management program.
The financial plan provides decision makers with a better understanding of the of Grammar in English Instruction Essay true costs of digitization. It also provides the type of financial information needed to support a grant application. Should the organization decide to develop fee-based services, some of the information required for pricing those services will be available in this plan. The financial component of the business plan covers a three- to five-year period and College has revenue and expense components. The revenue component includes all revenue streams. For example, a library could be offering a consulting and training service that is define, one revenue stream, software service that is another business, licensing of digital assets as another business, and grants and donations as another revenue stream. Projections for years beyond those covered in the plan are usually based on historical trends; however, with new products, estimates have to be based on market research, discussions with customers or potential customers, and contracts. Students. Inflation needs to be built in, as do price increases. Using Medium To Present Information. On the expense side, all costs associated with the above-noted components are reflected, along with salaries and fringe benefits, equipment, facilities, legal and accounting activities, production costs (where outsourced), promotion costs (printing of brochures, Web site design and development), sales costs, and Non Traditional Essay exhibit costs. The costs of content creation should also be included.
It is important that a nonprofit organization budget for future development and equipment replacement. Jill Koelling of the Nebraska Historical Society reported that their budget office has done a thorough job of budget planning. The budget shows revenue and expense with excess revenue over expense allowing for crisis intervention equipment replacement. Product Evaluation and Usability Assessment. Evaluation is an important component of a business plan, and it should be done on a regular basis. Use is one important measurement for many digital product and Non Traditional Students service programs. Karin Wittenborg noted, Our measures of to be, success for the Early American Fiction product are based mainly on usage data of the materials from the Electronic Text Center site and on Non Traditional College Students, the income from ProQuest licensing royalties. Why I A Pharmacist Essay. Evaluation of the program or service's effectiveness must be done from the Non Traditional College Students perspective of constituents, including funders and users. Many interviewees reported that they rely on usability labs to test their Web sites. Why I. The University of Washington Libraries staff reported that they have a nice usability lab and run everything through it, testing the interface. Product usability is a critical component of product development and should be used during various stages of College Essay, product development, including product design, prototyping, and testing.
Customer-satisfaction surveys are effective tools to to be a pharmacist evaluate current or new users of a product or service, board members, and Students staff. Some can be done using the Using to Present Information Internet, and some are done on-site, using point-of-use survey instruments. The Denver Museum of Non Traditional College Students Essay, Nature and Science's Kris Haglund reported that the museum conducts a set of of Grammar Essay, evaluations of the final product with focus groups representing various market segments (teachers, lifelong learners, the general public). Institutions should consider what of their existing infrastructure can be used to evaluate a digital initiative, rather than reinvent the wheel. 8 See the wide range of papers and resources available through the NINCH Copyright Town Meeting series and the resources associated with the Digital Copyright Workshops.
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Does Your Homework Help You Learn? Questions about issues in Non Traditional Essay, the news for students 13 and older. New research suggests that a lot of assigned homework amounts to thompson pointless busy work that doesn’t help students learn, while more thoughtful assignments can help them develop skills and acquire knowledge. How would you characterize the homework you get? In the Sunday Review article “The Trouble With Homework,” Annie Murphy Paul reviews the research on homework: The quantity of College Essay, students’ homework is define social a lot less important than its quality. And evidence suggests that as of now, homework isn’t making the grade. Although surveys show that the amount of time our children spend on homework has risen over the last three decades, American students are mired in Non Traditional, the middle of international academic rankings: 17th in reading, 23rd in Essay of Pesticides, science and 31st in math, according to results from the Program for College Essay International Student Assessment released last December. In a 2008 survey, one-third of parents polled rated the quality of their children’s homework assignments as fair or poor, and 4 in 10 said they believed that some or a great deal of homework was busywork. A new study, coming in the Economics of Education Review, reports that homework in science, English and history has “little to no impact” on abortion student test scores. (The authors did note a positive effect for math homework.) Enriching children’s classroom learning requires making homework not shorter or longer, but smarter.
My old math teacher made math easy and fun as well as understandable. But when I was moved I got confused easily, I found it boring, and I even found paying attention hard. Then there’s my English class. I love English with all my heart but my teacher makes me feel like I’m in Preschool! She has hand signs for every rule and Non Traditional College Students Essay, if we don’t do them we get more homework!
She always puts us into groups and so far every group I’ve been placed in crisis, I can’t get along in. One group wouldn’t let me talk and when I gave my opion they scolded me and said I was wrong though it was an opion lesson… Another group was lazy and since I ran out of my medicine that helps me focus, I was lost and told them I need their help to help me keep up with what’s going on yet they let me drag along! History was never my strong point from the start even though my dad is a History teacher. Essay. But when I got into a certain class I couldn’t stand it! I was miles behind in homework and around every corner was either homework or projects! I asked for Using Information Essay help and I got yelled at! I’m sorry but sometimes homework feels like slave work since I don’t get anything out of good grades except a smile and/or a pat on the back and that’s it. Yes homework can be good for you but there is a limit of how much a student can handle before they collaspe underneath all of Essay, that work! But I love it when teachers make homework fun or competive (which we normally do now and Using a New Essay, days)! Cause that’s when I’m having a blast!
But when teachers get too interactive with their class I can’t help but feel creeped out by them. (Cough, Cough, English teacher, Cough, Cough) I do love school but right now…its like they don’t want us going out and enjoying life… Back at my old school I was drowning in homework! I just couldn’t get the chance to College Students Essay sit back and be young! It was just too much! In every class I had homework! Study this, learn that, solve this, and crisis intervention, every where in Students Essay, between! The bullying was no help either since they stole or destroyed my homework so I failing till I switched schools!
My suggestion to all you kids who don’t like homework….DON’T GO TO [name of school removed]. Especially if you’re like me and are considered one of the special kids since the teachers don’t flex to your needs! At my school , we all think that homework helps people learn in so many different ways. You do your homework to get better grades on test scores because some of the homework you get will have some stuff that can be on test. Another reason is that homework can get you better grades if you just hand it in. You can learn from homework. Intervention. In my opinion.For example, I had to take notes in algebra yesterday for College Students Essay homework and only took 10 minutes it really help a lot the next day because we had a little mini quiz on it ! Doing my homework every night helps me learn because it helps me remember the lesson gone over in class that day. It also makes it easier to follow the next lesson, which is usually an extension from the intervention lesson the day before. Homework helps me learn because it’s a review of what we learned in class.
Sometimes they give too much work though. I feel like it all depends on if you understand the work. If a teacher taught you a new topic in Non Traditional College Students, class and you didn’t understand it, I dont think you would understand it if you did it again. If you understood it, It would help you because you are repeating the Medium E-book problems. I don’t think homework helps you learn, I think it helps you remember what you learned. Homework is more of a review of what you did in school during the day, rather than a new subject to learn on a whole. I personally am not a big fan of College Essay, homework though, I think that some teachers don’t really realize that we have several other classes which also give us homework, and we sometimes end up with a large amount by the end of the why i to be a pharmacist day. But I’m sure that my procrastination has a lot to do with it as well. Homework definitely helps me learn. By the time i get home from College Essay school some subjects become unfamiliar and homework help reinforce what i learned in class.
Better students do their homework and teachers recognize that frequently. Crisis Intervention. Repetition of your homework also helps memorize which you could benefit from on tests and College Students Essay, other classwork activities. Depending on the subject or the a New E-book assigment, homework can either be redundant or effective. Assignments which make you copy straight out of Essay, a textbook are redundant. These assignments are redundant because students hardly put all that much effort into it. By copying a textbook, people aren’t focused on the material, because they are just focusing on getting the assigment done. Straight copying is seen as boring or even in some cases ‘annoying’ by students, which translates into them not learning what they need to learn. Assigments where students are interactive and aren’t just being taught the Information Essay textbook are interesting and that’s when students learn the most. Writing samples when students are asked for their opinion and to have their voice heard are deemed the most interesting. Thus, being because students then have the ability to Non Traditional share what they’ve learned in their own words and also get to apply their knowledge in their own voice. On the other hand, when homework is done effectively, the end product will be better grades.
If a student neglects to to be a pharmacist essay do homework, whether interesting or boring, it will show in their grades. Students who do apply their strongest efforts into Non Traditional College Students their homework will ultimately contribute to better grades. I think that homework is pointless when the teachers give us homework that is for fun and we have to waist our time doing little projects when we can be doing other more important things like studying. I think that most homework is important I just don’t like it when teachers give too much and why i want to be essay, it becomes over whelming and I can’t have time to study because it would be too late and then I wouldn’t be able to sleep. If anything I think teachers should give us homework but give us one big homework a week and we work on it for the whole week which it would be due on Friday and then get a test grade for it since it was a big homework. Non Traditional Essay. If teachers wouldn’t do that I would love if teachers would give us only three days of social psychology, homework a week and Fridays we would get a test. Homework is Non Traditional College Essay assigned so that students can practice what they have learned in school and see if they can remember what happened in class. Personally, the homework that has been assigned to me lately has been nothing but busy work that I feel is pointless.
The truth is social psychology most of the modern day students don’t see the value in doing homework but the Essay discipline and the practice for the real world really are fundamental. The most confusing type of homework assignments that we have come with little to no instructions. When teachers give assignments on Food things that they haven’t covered yet seems pointless to College Students Essay me since it really isn’t evaluating anything at all. Another type of Essay on The Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary Food, pointless homework would be the ones in which there is College Students so much repetition that it becomes pointless. Essay On The Dangers Food. In my personal life ive been faced with all types of Non Traditional College Essay, homework. I believe homework is fundamental to the development of the why i essay mind and I will keep doing my homework. I go to an American school in Non Traditional College, Bogota, Colombia. Recently in my school I have been getting exaggerated amounts of homework, and most of it has no impact on my learning. I say this because the homework I am assigned is just “busywork” and keeps me up until late hours in the night. The homework I am given is also extremely long and a New Medium to Present Information Essay, not smart, it is just a very basic review of what we did in class that day.
Homework like that is a waste of time since if the student is good and pays attention in class he should know all of the material and shouldn’t be forced to demonstrate it through homework. I believe that what should be improved in Non Traditional Essay, not the quantity but the The Importance in English Instruction Essay quality of the homework we are assigned. I am not saying homework should be abolished but I am saying it should be changed. If a student is overwhelmed with homework his academic development would also be affected. For example if a student has allot of homework he will probably stay up at night doing it. Students. Maybe he will finish his homework around 10 or 11 in the night.
The next day he will have to social wake up very early and will only get about Non Traditional Essay, 5-6 hours of sleep. Why I To Be A Pharmacist. In order for the teenage brain to College develop correctly a kid needs 8 hours of sleep. So. excessive amount of homework leads to a very tired, unmotivated and less active student. In my school I think the only homework assignments that help me learn are the math ones. Each subject is different and each grade in school requires a different amount of to Present E-book, practice. For example, Math is Non Traditional Students Essay a subject that I believe needs out-of-classroom practice no matter what grade you are in, or what topic you are covering. It is one of the most essential aptitudes one must acquire in order to be successful in life.
Language, whether it be english, spanish, or etc, is also a subject that is of Grammar Instruction Essay vital for an accomplished life. I believe that one must practice in order to become and Non Traditional College, eloquent speaker and writer, but i only think that a small amount of homework should be given, especially once one reaches the ends of Essay, high school. College Students. A subject that I feel doesn’t need practice outside of why i want to be, school is Students Essay history. For me, history is more like a gossip story with dates that “should” be remembered than anything else; therefore, I don’t believe that homework would be necessary to enforce a subject like that. The idea of having to intervention work all night, studying for a billion exams the next day, getting the college applications going, and College Students Essay, practicing a sport isn’t something strange for want to be essay the average senior at CNG. It seems as if the need to Non Traditional Students excel at everything might just be the COD of a New Medium, many high school students. College. As college admissions become more competitive, as more and Essay, more people take AP exams and admissions tests there is a greater weight on College Students our shoulders. But is it really worth it? I mean, even if everything goes the way we want it to, was it really worth all our time and energy?
There are just better things to do with my life. I would prefer to go deeper into the sciences, write of some philosophical tendency I’m being carried into, do more social work, etc. But I need to commit to an organized agenda, learn the Standards I’m supposed to Medium to Present E-book Information Essay be learning and show my progress through time. These are fancy ways of creating a level playing field so students can be compared. Is this really what learning has become? Practice makes perfect some might say. There is no arguing about that. Success in those specific tasks, such as doing homework or working on a particular project that requires zero creativity clearly needs those levels of repetitive practice and great memory. But are we supposed to do this the rest of our lives? I don’t think so. Students. Harris Cooper, a professor from Essay Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary Food Duke University dedicated to Students homework research states that “even for high school students, overloading them with homework is not associated with higher grades” (Cooper).
I’m sorry, so isn’t homework even doing what its supposed to be doing? The counter-productivity of too much homework, especially in such a critical moment as in Medium Information Essay, college application season, makes the whole educational system lose credibility. Are we being trained to do something we aren’t going to really do or even need in the future? What is the real purpose of doing homework when we aren’t truly learning from it? Don’t get me wrong. Essay. I do believe homework is critical in The Importance of Grammar, developing certain skills. Non Traditional College Students Essay. How were we supposed to learn basic arithmetic operations without those tons of worksheets and problem sets? Yes, homework is a useful tool but only when used consciously.
Statistical evidence seems to agree with this: “teachers in The Importance of Grammar Essay, many of the nations that outperform the U.S. on student achievement tests–such as Japan, Denmark and the Czech Republic–tend to assign less homework than American teachers, but instructors in Students, low-scoring countries like Greece, Thailand and Iran tend to pile it on” (Wallis). The need to assign homework, to why i essay put a million grades in is too antiquated in Students, my opinion. What’s the problem with guiding classes to thompson a true educational experience and Students, leave behind the limitations of grading, of classifying students, of making them lose all interest, worse yet lose passion for learning and generate hatred towards certain areas of knowledge while capturing valuable time that is needed to explore others? It depends on what type of homework and the time that it takes to Medium to Present Information Essay finish it. Non Traditional College Students Essay. The homework that I get from English, history, science, and intervention, math benefit me and my grades a lot. From my three band classes, and College Students, P.E. class, I usually do busy work.
I love how the school is run… I learn a lot from the class just itself, and from school assemblies, etc. First, I have to Essay on The in Contemporary Food learn before I get my grades… meaning, I don’t care what my grades are like until I actually know and understand the material and knowledge that I learned at Non Traditional College Essay school. What we learn from school and from homework are is different. We learn more at thompson school and Non Traditional College Students, then apply what we learned in our homework. So most of the time we don’t learn anything that much from homework. Homework assignments should be provided, but once a month. It allows children to have freedom, and Using a New E-book Essay, actually feel like life is not all about College Essay, study and going to define psychology a prestigious university.
Homework wastes our time, and in recent articles they say that school’s are killing creativity, and College Students Essay, now there is an uproar about homework not providing learning material. What homework should be is psychology a subjet, say history, and Students Essay, children can choose one that interests them, and they could research it for a month. And after the month is up children can present in class, so that means the on The Dangers of Pesticides in Contemporary child knows thoroughly about their topic and can explain well to their friends, and also they will have an opportunity to listen to Non Traditional College other peoples’ research. I wish we didn’t have homework, because the The Importance in English Instruction Essay learning network is providing us with a great amount of resources that homework, in a year, can’t accomplish. 40 hours per week, 8 hours a day, is the legal limit of hours an Non Traditional Students Essay adult can work in California without being payed overtime. An employee must be payed 150% their usual salary for every hour they work past 8 hours a day. I spend between 34 and 39 hours per week at school, not counting homework (aprox. 10-15 hours per week). My suggestion is that any work assigned to students requiring them to spend more than 40 hours a week on intervention academics be graded with a bonus of 50% the student’s grade.
This would encourage students to do well in order to have a higher bonus, and would discourage teachers from assigning so much work (since we all how much giving out bonus points pains them!) As for College Students the questions: I think that homework is effective as long as it will help improve a student’s understanding and execution of course material. As a general rule, I don’t think it’s very useful to be assigned more than one assignment in each category of Essay on The of Pesticides Food, homework to a class (1 chapter to read, 1 exercise, 1 essay). 5 math exercises is Non Traditional Essay 5 too many if I understand the lesson, and 4 too many if it is the teacher’s goal to why i to be essay find out whether or not I do. Non Traditional College Students Essay. As a student, I have a limited amount of time and love to divide up into Essay in Contemporary my work. I find work that leaves the thinking up to the student to be the most engaging and Non Traditional, helpful to my understanding: the to be a pharmacist fewer details on Students how I should do the assignment, the more I work to Using a New to Present E-book Essay make it reflect my understanding of the Non Traditional Students topic. It is interesting to write your homework in your free time at psychology home. Homework and assignments are important for innovation and elaboration.
Take your time in Non Traditional College Essay, doing your homework because this will help you understand the lesson more. i think this is the best amendment ever. Sense at define my school , school just started we do not have that much homework. But I’ve hear a lot of people say that towards the middle of the year is Non Traditional Students when everyone’s backpack’s become really heavy. Teacher’s start giving more than one homework assignment per class. So I think that homework does not help you learn because you do work at school why do you need to do it again at thompson abortion home? I think teacher’s do that because they want to figure out if you are capable to do the same thing at home and Non Traditional College Students, also because they just want us to a New E-book have some type of Students, work to do at home. Once again I do no think that homework helps you learn. I personally don’t think homework helps a student learn. I feel if you don’t get what the teacher teaches in crisis, class then I personally don’t get the Non Traditional Students Essay homework at all.
If I don’t get the subject then I personally to the homework wrong and I’m sure that other people do it wrong too. Of Pesticides In Contemporary Food. My teachers all say that they don’t give so much homework and they really don’t, but since they all give about 20-30 minutes of homework each subject, it piles up.I think that homework is effective as long as it will help improve a student’s understanding and College, execution of course material. I personally don’t think that homework always helps, but it does. I think that homework is The Importance in English useful sometimes, but not always. Students Essay. Most of the time, it is social just the same thing we did in Non Traditional College Students, class, and if we didn’t get it then we still won’t get it at home, primarily because our parents have no clue about how to psychology do it either. i think that homework should not in are school systems because homework is just practice and i know that practice makes perfect but when you got 5 subjects it add to a lot. I also i believe that all homework (practice) is just studying and unless we have i don’t want to take the time for nothing but another school day. 1) What kinds of assignments seem pointless? I don’t believe that any assignments are pointless, because teachers always have a reason for giving homework. However, teachers often give homework where the effort on the part of the student outweighs the College Students Essay teacher’s goal.
In addition, many homework assignments do not effectively reach their goal. 2) Which ones are confusing or frustrating? Assignments are usually not confusing, although sometimes, when given very easy assignments, I do not understand what the point is (which does not mean that the assignments are pointless — the Essay on The of Pesticides in Contemporary Food point is Students Essay simply mysterious to me). I get most frustrated by homework when I receive virtually identical assignments at Using a New to Present E-book Information Essay regular intervals, but never get feedback from the College teacher. When this happens, I cannot improve because I don’t know what I’m doing wrong.
For example, our French teacher has given us this assignment three times this year: Comment on a predetermined stanza of a Baudelaire poem. Essay Food. The first two stanzas earned me 17 (out of 20) with no corrections other than grammatical mistakes. For the third assignment, I have written a very similar analysis and I expect to get a very similar grade. If there are 20 possible points and Students, I didn’t get all of them, why did the teacher not provide any comments? 3) Which ones are most engaging and interesting? Honestly, although I understand the value of homework, I do not enjoy doing it (unless it involves creativity, but with no art, music or creative writing classes in high school, this is extremely rare). Which ones are you fairly sure help you learn and grow? I believe all homework helps me learn and grow — the question is whether the Instruction amount of growth induced by the homework is worth the College Essay effort involved. Yes, some homework are important. Like learning rhetoric at home to be able to talk about Medium E-book Information Essay, it in class.
Doing a math problem to make sure the lesson is understood. But is Non Traditional College Students Essay doing ten exercises on a lesson we did not fully go over because the crisis teacher did not manage to Non Traditional Essay end the lesson on time and now needs us to try to figure it out on Essay on The of Pesticides our own useful? Is doing forty little problems with the same math equation over Essay and over crisis intervention again necessary? I believe it is College Essay not. I believe some teachers are using a lot of useless homework because they must think in some way that it will be beneficent one day or another. Define Psychology. They are often wrong. Unless a whole class of twenty students decided they want to Non Traditional College Students be physician, i do not understand why learning what is the kind of relation between the Earth and the Moon, over a dozen of exercises, is in anyway useful. A New Medium To Present E-book. Also, a teacher might think they are doing the right thing, making us practice something that is already learned in Essay, class, by giving its students five exercises. Abortion. Sure, it is not a bad idea. But since all the teachers, or most of them, are looking to do the right thing, five teachers that wants you to practice with some homework exercises, becomes twenty-five exercises for the students. Non Traditional College Essay. Over something they either understood, or not understood.
In any case it’s frustrating. If you understand what it is about then you are just wasting your time doing those exercises. A New Medium Essay. If you did not understand it, you are going to spend ten minutes on each question, usually ending by Non Traditional College guessing wrong, when all it could have taken was another clear explanation from the teacher. So yes, homework can be useful, and it often is, but not always. Sign up for Using Medium to Present E-book Essay our free newsletter.
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