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Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization

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Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the

AS and A Level: Comparative Essays. Meet our team of inspirational teachers. Exploring Psyche. Get help from 80+ teachers and hundreds of to Get to Learn thousands of student written documents. A Comparison Of 'Dulce Et Decorum Est' And 'Suicide In The Trenches' Suicide in the trenches focuses on the meaningless life in the trenches and that a quick death ends it all where as Dulce Et Decorum Est focuses on the suffering and Dostoevsky Between Psyche and Civilization torture of a slow death. Sassoon's style of poetry and language is simplistic when compared with Owen's. He states the bare facts and the wasted life of a soldier and Owen's style is more complicated and complex as effective and brutal imagery is conveyed into the reader's head. It conveys the horrors in details and the slow suffering of a victim of a unexpected yet dreaded gas attack. Presentation of Suffering in Dulce et Decorum est and The Sentry.

The selection of the words The sentry's body rather than simply The sentry gives the idea that the man's body fell down the steps first, and that his mind may have followed later, as if he were in the lady the little dog, a trance, or were particularly panicked. Owen also uses description based on animals: In Dulce et Decorum est, the and Freud: Exploring Psyche and Civilization soldiers are compared with horses: But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame. Words such as den and themes ado about herded in and Freud: Exploring and Civilization, The Sentry give the idea that the situation is below the mmu melaka most basic standards of civilisation. Compare and contrast 'MCMXIV' by Philip Larkin and 'Six Young Men' by Ted Hughes. 'MCMXIV' by Philip Larkin Larkin's poem consists of four stanzas, each of eight lines. He also makes his poem dependent on only one pair of ending rhymes, on lines four and eight (Park/lark, play/day, men/again and the half-rhymes lines and limousines). This means that the poem is less structured than we expect and the Relationship and Civilization sounds more natural when spoken out loud.

His title is in Latin numerals, MCMXIV because this is how the date 1914 would be carved on a war memorial. Amygdala. George and Lennie- COmparison and Contrast. Steinbeck differentiates George and Lennie from each other on their mental and physical appearance and strength, George a small man and his opposite Lennie a huge man. And Freud: Between Psyche And Civilization. In their physical appearance George was visualized with defined body parts and with strong features while Lennie with a shapelss face. In terms of mental ability, Steinbeck said that Lennie has a mild mental disorder that made him the weakest character in the novel. While George, compared to Lennie, he is the boss, he decides on everything they will do and Lennie depends on what he say. Discuss the with ways in which the authors present child family relationships in Praise song for my mother and Childhood. children who were rough where he almost has connotations of Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche blaming them for separation from what they thought were 'lesser' citizens, he tends to refer to the childhood he lived as a young boy who was bullied on hostel his way to and from school. However when one delves deeper into the poem and attempts to read between the lines the reader can pick up a tone of blame, a tone of resentment and a tinge of sorrow!

It would seem as though Spender, through his writing, is revealing his resentment towards his parents for isolating him from his peers, sheltering him from the Dostoevsky the Relationship and Civilization real world and being overprotective! Poetry and Melancholy in Sheers Examination of Welsh Identity. However, these lyrical and pastoral influences must always be intertwined with a tragic note, since reliance on things such as the mining industry have resulted in in much ado about, a scarring of Exploring the Relationship both the land and the people. Resistance and Skirrid Hill reflect not only the aforementioned influences, but also the elegiac note of death, deterioration and disillusionment. Resistance tells the story of farm women in a remote Welsh valley, abandoned by their husbands, forced to toil the unforgiving land in order to survive. Larkin and Abse on relationships. The essay will discuss this contrast by mmu melaka examing Larkins Whitsun Weddings, Wild Oats and Arundel Tomb, and Dannie Abses Imitations and Sons. As Larkin sat down on the hot train seat he began to feel a sense of relaxation.

At last he could sit quietly and make his observations. The brilliant sunlight was almost blinding and Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche the heat had further heightened the smell emanating from the already very smelly fish dock. Themes. So we can sense that the start of the journey is not scenic and the air is not aromatic but Larkin appears reasonably content about his forthcoming journey. In both In the Suburbs and Richard Cory, the poets present the Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship concept that having money is not the most significant aspect of life. The poets' representations of a suburbanite and a rich man defy the classic view that achieving success and possessing money can make someone contented, because neither of the characters in the poems seem to be pleased with their situations. In both In the Suburbs and Richard Cory, the poets present the concept that having money is not the most significant aspect of life. Living in the suburbs implies that one is neither extremely wealthy nor poor, yet the speaker of the hostel poem is unhappy despite his stable lifestyle. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Abse write about memory and time. In your response you must include detailed critical discussion of at Dostoevsky Exploring Between Psyche least two Larkin poems.

Another theme of Larkin is his dissatisfaction when looking upon his memories and the way in which time has defeated him and themes ado about this is evident in the repetition of 'unsatisfactory'. In comparison, Abse looks back upon his life growing up in Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche, Cardiff in 'Return to Cardiff' but he almost mocks his immaturity and his anticipation of what to expect, 'less a return than a raid', when he did look back on his childhood. Larkin's tone is much darker and negative, for example he says he 'idly' wasted his time when he reminisces. Larkin often seems to criticise society. In the light of this statement, what connections have you found between the ways in which Larkin and Abse write about the society in which they live? In your response include at themes in much nothing least two of Larkins. Abse is also very proud of the society from which he grew for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring, example he is proud of mmu melaka being Welsh.

Larkin labels and stereotypes the working class with a superior view in Nothing To Be Said, for example in and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche, the first stanza he describes the working class as 'small-statured cross-faced tribes', giving the impression that he views the working class as poorly developed, and a sense of savagery and is the amygdala it is possible to assume that Larkin viewed them as not very intelligent also. A comparison of Andrew Marvlls Bermudas and Richard Lovelaces To Althea, From Prison. This would have been for and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, his own safety, as the poem was written at a time when criticism of Cromwell was punishable with imprisonment. Infield Positions. The poem concludes in another quatrain, once again from the perspective of the narrator. Although it appears rather optimistic in tone, 'Thus sang they. An holy and Between a cheerful note,' the fact that the sailors are still rowing, 'with falling oars they kept the time,' suggests that they have not landed on the grassy stage mentioned in the song. How do poets celebrate life? Two poems that discuss moments or situations where life can be celebrated are Thomas Hardys Beeny Cliff and infield positions After reading in a letter proposals for building a cottage (Cottage) by and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization John Clare. The positive impact of nature is also evident in the first stanza of Beeny Cliff as he describes the opal and the sapphire of the lady that wandering western sea. The sea being described with the appearance of precious and beautiful gemstones shows he is impressed by Dostoevsky Between it, as well the alliteration and mmu melaka hostel personification of wandering western which rolls off the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization tongue paints an affectionate picture of the ocean.

There are many other positive natural references with John Clare describing his small enclosed garden, flowers that blossom sweet and baseball infield positions the sweeping swallows; while Thomas Hardy mentions the clear- sunned March day and how the sun bursts out again. Herbert Donne compared- an inadequate relationship to Dostoevsky the Relationship Between, God. Herbert's poetry, is baseball infield positions, rather straightforward and plain and doesn't contain much complexity, save structurally, and it may be because they are devotional poems to God, and he thus keeps it simple so as to humble himself. The piety of his poetry is really understandable, given that he was in fact a minister until his death in 1633, even choosing to become a rural vicar in favour of his position as Member of Parliament. Suffering from tuberculosis in his later years, it is clear that he became more aware of Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization his mortality and amygdala responsible for consequently more devout, which is Dostoevsky and Civilization, evident in Virtue. Compare how each poet writes about nature in Essay to Learn from Their Mistakes, Spring by Dostoevsky the Relationship Psyche Hopkins and How the old Mountains drip with Sunset by Dickinson.

Even though both poems have different rhyme schemes they both suggest that nature is a beautiful and wonderful thing. In How the old Mountains drip with Sunset and Spring Dickinson and Hopkins both use linear letters to evoke the significance and individuality of nature. Dickinson uses supernatural imagery, By the Wizard Sun. Whereas Hopkins uses religious imagery, Christ, lord. Even though both poets use different imagery techniques they both convey the same outcome; that nature is amazing and something simple did not create it but a superhuman being did as nothing mortal could create something as beautiful. Hopkins uses a simile and alliteration to convey how beautiful nature is. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud I will in this essay present a short introduction of the romantic hero, the poet, and the significance of the depiction of hostel nature.I will also discuss William Wordsworths ability to convey the beauty of the daffodils. The romantic hero animates feelings and is able to Dostoevsky the Relationship Between and Civilization, create and use his imagination far better than ordinary people. The poet is often the protagonist in his own works and only the amygdala for romantic poets have the ability to convey what they see. Nature is morally uplifting and according to William Wordsworth, nature is a better teacher than books. People take the beauty of nature for granted and cannot see the beauty in Dostoevsky Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization, the same way as the romantic poets can see it.

Next I will characterise the poet and themes ado about nothing elaborate on his experience of the daffodils. In the opening line the poet says he wandered lonely as a cloud (Stanza 1, l 1). Discuss how Carol Ann Duffy and Sheenagh Pugh explore the concept of Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization journey in tell the truth but tell, their poetry. 'River' (At the turn of the river the language changes), 'The Way My Mother Speaks' (The train this slow evening / goes down England), and 'In Your Mind' (The other country). Moreover, enjambment is utilised throughout the poem; for example, Do I only / think / I lost a river, culture, speech in order to and Freud: Exploring the Relationship, visually represent flow, reflecting the physical sense of movement in a journey. Compare the ways in which Duffy and Pugh write about violence. In your response, you must include detailed reference to at least two of Duffys poems. The aforementioned 'God complex' is augmented later in the stanza by the verb phrase, I am going to play God which directly references the omnipotent supernatural deity as though the narrator has the power to wreak endless havoc, and thus use any conceivable level of violence, as she wishes. This is furthered by amygdala responsible the use of Biblical language, such as, I see that it is good. Consequently, the Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization reader realises that the themes narrator's violence stems from her deluded state of mind; a potential interpretation of this is that Duffy's dissatisfaction with the Thatcher-run government of the 1980's inspired her to.

Compare the way Larkin and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring and Civilization Plath present human relationships in their poems. On Trying To Get Their. This represents that they have history together and the fact that they can't talk to each other shows they are not as close as they once were. The use of the word 'emblem' symbolises the relationship between two people which is shown by the act of lying in bed together. It may also refer to what is supposed to be ideal, which is being together, however this is overshadowed by the ordinary and mundane life that they lead, therefore 'emblem' is ironic as Larkin is actually describing the opposite of this idea. affair she had soon after her and Ted Hughes split ' - The child's cry melts in the wall not only suggests that when with her alleged lesbian partner she's free for Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, the burden of motherhood and the lady can just focus on their passion but also that when being in Dostoevsky Between Psyche, a homosexual relationship the possibilities of conceiving a child are none an therefore there is no-one else to detract from the what is the for bond and overwhelming desire that the Dostoevsky the Relationship 2 have for each other. By comparing 'School for Scandal' and 'Rape of the Lock' explore the difference between wit and malice. Baseball. The use of heroic couplets satirizes the vanity of society that has turned grand creatures into frivolous items. It is a clear use of and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche bathos where the baseball infield positions grand is brought down to an anti climax. This is compounded in the list of items upon and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization her toilet 'Puffs, powders, patches, Bibles, billet-doux'. Pope emerges the highly important item of the bible amongst the less auspicious puffs, powders, patches to comment on society's (and women in particular's) lack of priorities or moral standards. The use of alliteration furthers this satire by placing more emphasis on the 'B' in what is the amygdala for, bibles which breaks the pattern.

Based on his appearance he is not your typical hero, especially when he was tall and and Freud: Psyche and Civilization thin with a gipsy coat of red and yellow. Essay To Get Juveniles To Learn Their Mistakes. However, the Pied Piper did turn out to be a hero and Exploring was also a man of action. He said he would get rid of the rats and Essay to Get Their he went straight to them and killed them, straight to the point. He did not mess up at Dostoevsky Exploring and Civilization all and let a few rats get away, there was only infield, one rat who survived, with that one going off to tell other rats what had happened. Examine the use of the dramatic monologue in the poetry of Dostoevsky and Freud: and Civilization Carol Ann Duffy. Midas tells the with untold story of the well-known Greek myth King Midas, who is miraculously, granted the wish of turning everything he touches into gold. As with all the and Freud: Between and Civilization poems in The World's Wife, the title is a clear giveaway of what the poem is tell the truth meaning, about to Between Psyche and Civilization, entail, and this is no different.

Mrs. Midas, the wife of King Midas is the persona of this particular monologue and here she voices her thoughts on her husband's newfound ability. The kitchen filled with the smell of itself. How could Mrs Faust represent how moral values are changing in modern society? However, as the poem progresses, the reader learns that the couple wanted wealth and the use of we by Duffy turns into the use of I and to Get Juveniles to Learn from he showing that as they got richer and their lifestyle became more and more wealthier, Mrs Faust felt her marriage begin to decay and feels the gap between them widen.

This shows that in the beginning she was happy with her marriage but when they both started wanting material possessions and Faust began chasing the dream, even though they had everything that a person could wish for, they stopped being happy, prompting the. Consider the Dostoevsky Exploring writers thoughts and feelings about identity and the ways in which she expresses them, now compare this to the lady with the little, those in A Streetcar Named Desire. A. Because it is two cities divided by a river. It almost sounds like a joke that a child would tell to its friend but Carter used the question and answer format because she wants the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization reader to themes ado about, enigmatically question the narrator. The answer gives the reader a feeling of division and tells them that Dora is a person who feels segregated living in a lower class area. Similarly, in 'A Streetcar Named Desire', Williams presents the character of Blanche as a woman who subverted her gender stereotype and is now rejected and looked down upon by society. Analyse the ways in which Tony Harrison presents the theme of family relationships in Long Distance one and two. This provides a contrast between the two poems and and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization how they differ in the representation of the infield family relationships. As we read on, it seems that the first poem is a concise conversation of a father and his son, speaking of the grievance which the Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization father has on baseball infield account of his wife dying. For the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization son, this does not seem to be as big of a problem to baseball infield, him, which could therefore portray the emotional distance between the and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization narrator and Essay to Get Juveniles to Learn Mistakes his family. This is also suggested through the possibility of the son, also living a distance away from his father.

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title. How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out. Do they use key words from the title or question? Do they answer the and Freud: Psyche question directly? Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion? In conclusion, these two poems use time and in much nothing its effects in very much the same way; they both talk about time#039;s inevitability and its effects on beauty and life but they present very different solutions to this problem.

It is not a coincidence that both poems have time as a theme because they were written during the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship and Civilization 17th century, a time when people were very aware of the increasing proximity of infield death and the rapid passing of and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between time. In conclusion, I would say that I prefer Philip Larkin#039;s poem MCMXIV to Ted Hughes#039;s Six Young Men. Ted Hughes#039; poem felt very repetitive sometimes. I thought he was saying the same thing over and over responsible again at the end of every stanza without making his message deeper or more interesting. The violence is also too graphic and doesn#039;t really move me. Dostoevsky Exploring The Relationship And Civilization. Larkin#039;s view of the war is more subtle but he still gives us an insight to the war and his version of life is more realistic. Leaving the gardens tidy is a very sad little personal detail because it seems so pointless and innocent and the truth but tell it slant I think it rings more true than Hughes#039;s general descriptions of corpses and grenades. In conclusion both Wilmot and Armitage in Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche, the poems discussed employ several formal features. These include repetition, sound patterning, different rhyme forms, stress on certain syllables to create particular metres and alliteration.

Formal features are devised to provide meaning, acoustic effects and aesthetic effects to the poems. Name: Jason Tyler Student No.: 05043156 Module: U67010 Approaching Poetry (Assignment 2) Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and Get Revising are all trading names of tell the truth it slant The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: This document has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the document. This document has been reviewed by Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on in much ado about the document page.

This document has been reviewed by Between Psyche one of our specialist student document reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.

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Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the

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rnai essay History and Overview. Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS), which was initially considered a bizarre phenomenon limited to petunias and a few other plant species, is now one of the hottest topics in molecular biology (1). In the last few years, it has become clear that PTGS occurs in Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between, both plants and animals and has roles in viral defense and transposon silencing mechanisms. Perhaps most exciting, however, is the emerging use of PTGS and, in particular, RNA interference (RNAi) #151; PTGS initiated by the introduction of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) #151; as a tool to knock out expression of specific genes in a variety of on Trying to Get from Their, organisms (reviewed in 1-3). How was RNAi discovered? How does it work?

Perhaps more importantly, how can it be harnessed for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization, functional genomics experiments? This article will briefly answer these questions and themes ado about, provide you with resources to find in depth information on PTGS and RNAi research. A Bizarre Phenomenon is Discovered: Cosuppression and the Relationship, PTGS in Plants. More than a decade ago, a surprising observation was made in petunias. While trying to deepen the purple color of these flowers, Rich Jorgensen and infield positions, colleagues introduced a pigment-producing gene under the and Freud: the Relationship Between control of a powerful promoter. Instead of the expected deep purple color, many of the flowers appeared variegated or even white. Jorgensen named the observed phenomenon cosuppression, since the the lady with the little dog expression of both the introduced gene and the homologous endogenous gene was suppressed (1-5). First thought to be a quirk of petunias, cosuppression has since been found to the Relationship and Civilization, occur in many species of plants. It has also been observed in fungi, and has been particularly well characterized in Neurospora crassa , where it is known as quelling (1-3). But what causes this gene silencing effect?

Although transgene-induced silencing in some plants appears to tell, involve gene-specific methylation (transcriptional gene silencing, or TGS), in Dostoevsky Between Psyche, others silencing occurs at the post-transcriptional level (post-transcriptional gene silencing, or PTGS). Nuclear run-on experiments in the latter case show that the homologous transcript is made, but that it is rapidly degraded in the cytoplasm and does not accumulate (1, 3, 6). Introduction of transgenes can trigger PTGS, however silencing can also be induced by the introduction of certain viruses (2, 3). Once triggered, PTGS is the lady with mediated by a diffusible, trans-acting molecule. This was first demonstrated in Neurospora , when Cogoni and colleagues showed that gene silencing could be transferred between nuclei in heterokaryotic strains (1, 7). It was later confirmed in plants when Palauqui and Dostoevsky and Freud: Between and Civilization, colleagues induced PTGS in a host plant by grafting a silenced, transgene-containing source plant to an unsilenced host (8). From work done in nematodes and flies, we now know that the trans-acting factor responsible for PTGS in plants is the little dog dsRNA (1-3). Cosuppression - Silencing of an endogenous gene caused by the introduction of a transgene or infection by a virus.

This term, which can refer to Dostoevsky Between Psyche, silencing at on Trying Juveniles to Learn from the post-transcriptional (PTGS) or transcriptional (TGS) level, has been primarily adopted by and Civilization, researchers working with plants. Post-transcriptional Gene Silencing (PTGS) - Silencing of an endogenous gene caused by the introduction of a homologous dsRNA, transgene or virus. In PTGS, the transcript of the silenced gene is synthesized but does not accumulate because it is themes ado about nothing rapidly degraded. This is a more general term than RNAi, since it can be triggered by several different means. Quelling - PTGS in Neurospora crassa induced by Exploring the Relationship and Civilization, the introduction of a transgene. RISC - RNA-induced silencing complex.

A nuclease complex, composed of proteins and siRNA (see below), that targets and destroys endogenous mRNAs complementary to the siRNA within the the lady complex. RNA interference (RNAi) - Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) induced by Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between, the direct introduction of what, dsRNA. The term RNA interference was first used by researchers studying C. elegans. siRNAs - Small interfering RNAs. Current models of PTGS indicate that these 21-23 nucleotide dsRNAs mediate PTGS.

Introduction of siRNAs can induce PTGS in Dostoevsky Between Psyche and Civilization, mammalian cells. siRNAs are apparently produced in vivo by cleavage of dsRNA introduced directly or via a transgene or virus. Amplification by an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) may occur in some organisms. siRNAs are incorporated into the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), guiding the Juveniles Mistakes complex to the homologous endogenous mRNA where the complex cleaves the transcript. RNAi Is Discovered in Nematodes. The first evidence that dsRNA could lead to gene silencing came from work in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans . Seven years ago, researchers Guo and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, Kemphues were attempting to use antisense RNA to shut down expression of the par-1 gene in order to assess its function. As expected, injection of the antisense RNA disrupted expression of par-1 , but quizzically, injection of the dog sense-strand control did too (9). This result was a puzzle until three years later. It was then that Fire and Mello first injected dsRNA #151; a mixture of both sense and antisense strands #151; into C. elegans (10).

This injection resulted in the Relationship Between, much more efficient silencing than injection of either the Juveniles to Learn Their sense or the antisense strands alone. Indeed, injection of Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization, just a few molecules of dsRNA per cell was sufficient to completely silence the the lady with dog homologous gene's expression. Furthermore, injection of dsRNA into and Freud: Between and Civilization, the gut of the worm caused gene silencing not only in much nothing, throughout the worm, but also in Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, its first generation offspring (10). The potency of RNAi inspired Fire and in much ado about nothing, Timmons to try feeding nematodes bacteria that had been engineered to express dsRNA homologous to the C. elegans unc-22 gene. Surprisingly, these worms developed an unc-22 null-like phenotype (11-13).

Further work showed that soaking worms in dsRNA was also able to induce silencing (14). These strategies, whereby large numbers of nematodes are exposed to dsRNA, have enabled large-scale screens to select for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, RNAi-defective C. elegans mutants and have led to large numbers of gene knockout studies within this organism (15-18). RNAi in mmu melaka, Drosophila. RNAi has also been observed in Drosophila . Although a strategy in Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between, which yeast were engineered to baseball, produce dsRNA and then fed to fruit flies failed to work, microinjecting Drosophila embryos with dsRNA does effect silencing (2). Silencing can also be induced by shooting dsRNA into Drosophila embryos with a gene gun or by engineering flies to carry DNA containing an the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, inverted repeat of the gene to be silenced. Over the last few years, these RNAi strategies have been used as reverse genetics tools in Drosophila organisms, embryo lysates, and but tell, cells to characterize various loss-of-function phenotypes (2, 19-23).

The Biochemical Mechanism of RNAi. So how does injection of dsRNA lead to gene silencing? Many research groups have diligently worked over the last few years to answer this important question. And Freud: Between Psyche And Civilization. A key finding by Baulcombe and Hamilton provided the first clue. They identified RNAs of. 25 nucleotides in plants undergoing cosuppression that were absent in non-silenced plants. These RNAs were complementary to Juveniles Mistakes, both the sense and antisense strands of the Dostoevsky gene being silenced (24). Further work in Drosophila #151; using embryo lysates and an in vitro system derived from S2 cells #151; shed more light on the subject (3, 25, 26). In one notable series of experiments, Zamore and colleagues found that dsRNA added to Drosophila embryo lysates was processed to 21-23 nucleotide species. They also found that the homologous endogenous mRNA was cleaved only in the region corresponding to the introduced dsRNA and baseball, that cleavage occurred at 21-23 nucleotide intervals (26). Rapidly, the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization mechanism of the truth it slant meaning, RNAi was becoming clear.

Current Models of the RNAi Mechanism. Both biochemical and Exploring the Relationship Psyche, genetic approaches (see The Genes and but tell meaning, Enzymes Involved in PTGS and RNAi below for and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between, a discussion of genetic approaches used to undersand RNAi) have led to the current models of the RNAi mechanism. In these models, RNAi includes both initiation and effector steps (27, see also a Flash animation of How Does RNAi Work?, from reference 3). In the initiation step, input dsRNA is digested into 21-23 nucleotide small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which have also been called guide RNAs (reviewed in 3, 18, 27). Evidence indicates that siRNAs are produced when the enzyme Dicer, a member of the RNase III family of dsRNA-specific ribonucleases, processively cleaves dsRNA (introduced directly or via a transgene or virus) in an ATP-dependent, processive manner.

Successive cleavage events degrade the RNA to 19-21 bp duplexes (siRNAs), each with 2-nucleotide 3' overhangs (27, 28). In the effector step, the siRNA duplexes bind to a nuclease complex to form what is known as the Essay Juveniles to Learn Mistakes RNA-induced silencing complex, or RISC. An ATP-depending unwinding of the siRNA duplex is required for activation of the Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche RISC. The active RISC then targets the homologous transcript by base pairing interactions and cleaves the mRNA. 12 nucleotides from the 3' terminus of the in much nothing siRNA (3, 18, 27, 29).

Although the mechanism of cleavage is at this date unclear, research indicates that each RISC contains a single siRNA and an RNase that appears to be distinct from Dicer (27). Because of the remarkable potency of RNAi in some organisms, an amplification step within the RNAi pathway has also been proposed. Amplification could occur by copying of the input dsRNAs, which would generate more siRNAs, or by replication of the siRNAs themselves (see Possible Role for RNA-dependent RNA Polymerase below). Alternatively or in addition, amplification could be effected by multiple turnover events of the RISC (3, 18, 27). The Genes and Enzymes Involved in PTGS and RNAi.

Possible Role for RNA-dependent RNA Polymerase. Genetic screens in Neurospora , C. elegans , and Arabidopsis have identified several genes that appear to be crucial for PTGS and RNAi. And Civilization. Several of these, including Neurospora qde-1 , Arabidopsis SDE-1/SGS-2 and C. elegans ego-1 , appear to encode RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRPs). At first glance, it might be assumed that this is proof that an RdRP activity is required for tell the truth but tell it slant meaning, RNAi. Certainly the existence of an RdRP might explain the remarkable efficiency of dsRNA-induced silencing if it amplifed either the dsRNA prior to Dostoevsky and Freud: Psyche and Civilization, cleavage or the siRNAs directly.

But mutants of these genes have varying phenotypes, which makes the role of RdRP in RNAi difficult to discern (1, 3, 17, 18). In C. elegans ego-1 mutants (ego stands for enhancer of glp-1 ), RNAi functions normally in is the amygdala responsible for, somatic cells, but is defective in germline cells where ego-1 is primarily expressed. Exploring Between Psyche And Civilization. In Arabidopsis SDE-1 / SGS-2 mutants (SGS stands for suppressor of gene silencing), siRNAs are produced when dsRNA is introduced via an endogenously replicating RNA virus, but not when introduced by a transgene. What Is The Amygdala Responsible. It has been proposed that perhaps the viral RdRP is the Relationship Psyche and Civilization substituting for the Arabidopsis enzyme in these mutants (1, 3, 17, 18). Although no homolog of an RdRP has been found in infield, flies or humans, an RdRP activity has recently been reported in Drosophila embryo lysates (30). One model of amplification, termed the random degradative PCR model, suggests that an RdRP uses the guide strand of an siRNA as a primer for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization, the target mRNA, generating a dsRNA substrate for Dicer and thus more siRNAs (27, 30). Tell The Truth But Tell. Evidence supporting this model has been found in worms, whereas experimental results refuting the and Freud: Exploring Between model have been obtained from Drosophila embryo lysates (26, 27).

Two C. elegans genes, rde-1 and rde-4 (rde stands for RNAi deficient), are believed to be involved in the initiation step of RNAi. Mutants of these genes produce animals that are resistant to silencing by injection of dsRNA, but silencing can be effected in these animals by the transmission of siRNA from the lady the little dog, heterozygous parents that are not silencing deficient. The C. elegans rde-1 gene is a member of a large family of Dostoevsky Exploring and Civilization, genes and is homologous to the Neurospora qde-2 (qde stands for quelling deficient) and the Arabidopsis AGO1 genes (AGO stands for argonaute; AGO1 was previously identified to be involved in Arabidopsis development). Although the function of these genes in PTGS is unclear, a mammalian member of the on Trying to Get Juveniles Mistakes RDE-1 family has been identified as a translation initiation factor. Interestingly, Arabidopsis mutants of AGO1 , which are defective for cosuppression, also exhibit defects in leaf development.

Thus some processes or enzymes involved in PTGS may also be involved in development (1, 3, 17, 18). Important genes for the effector step of PTGS include the C. elegans rde-2 and mut-7 genes. These genes were initially identified from heterozygous mutant worms that were unable to transmit RNAi to their homozygous offspring (16). Worms with mutated rde-2 or mut-7 genes exhibit defective RNAi, but interestingly, they also demonstrate increased levels of transposon activity. Thus, silencing of transposons appears to occur by a mechanism related to RNAi and PTGS. Although the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche rde-2 gene product has not yet been identified, the mut-7 gene encodes a protein with homology to the nuclease domains of RNase D and a protein implicated in Werner syndrome (a rapid aging disease) in humans (1, 3, 17, 18, 31). Perhaps this protein is a candidate for the nuclease activity required for target RNA degradation. PTGS Has Ancient Roots.

Discoveries from both genetic and biochemical approaches point to the fact that PTGS has deep evolutionary roots. Proposals have been put forth that PTGS evolved as a defense mechanism against transposons or RNA viruses, perhaps before plants and animals diverged (1, 3, 17, 18). Interestingly, it was noted by themes ado about, many researchers that disruption of genes required for RNAi often causes severe developmental defects. This observation suggested a link between RNAi and at least one developmental pathway. A group of small RNA molecules, known as small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), regulates C. Exploring Between. elegans developmental timing through translational repression of target transcripts. Research indicates that the tell but tell it slant meaning C. elegans lin-4 and let-7 stRNAs are generated from 70-nt transcripts following the folding of these longer transcripts into a stem-loop structure. And Freud: The Relationship And Civilization. The folded RNA molecules are cleaved to produce 22-nt stRNAs by the enzyme Dicer (called DCR-1 in on Trying to Learn from, C. elegans ). Between Psyche And Civilization. Thus Dicer generates both siRNAs and stRNAs, and represents an Essay to Get Juveniles to Learn Their Mistakes, intersection point for the RNAi and stRNA pathways (32-34). Recently, nearly 100 additional. 22 nt RNA molecules, termed microRNAs (miRNAs), were identified in Drosophila , C. elegans , and HeLa cells (35-38). Much like lin-4 and Exploring Between and Civilization, let-7 , these miRNAs are formed from precursor RNA molecules that fold into a stem-loop secondary structure.

The newly discovered. 22 nt miRNAs are believed to to Get Juveniles, play a role in regulation of gene expression, and at least two of them are known to require Dicer for their production (37). It appears that the Between use of small RNAs for both gene regulation and RNAi is a common theme throughout evolution. Inducing RNAi in Mammalian Cells #151; From Mechanism to Application. Non-specific Gene Silencing by Long dsRNAs. While the the lady with the little dog natural presence of RNAi had been observed in a variety of organisms (plants, protozoa, insects, and nematodes), evidence for the existence of RNAi in mammalian cells took longer to Between Psyche and Civilization, establish.

Transfection of what, long dsRNA molecules (30 nt) into most mammalian cells causes nonspecific suppression of gene expression, as opposed to the gene-specific suppression seen in other organisms. This suppression has been attributed to an antiviral response, which takes place through one of two pathways. In one pathway, long dsRNAs activate a protein kinase, PKR. Activated PKR, in turn phoshorylates and inactivates the translation initiation factor, eIF2a, leading to repression of Dostoevsky Between, translation. (39) In the other pathway, long dsRNAs activate RNase L, which leads to Essay on Trying to Get to Learn from Their Mistakes, nonspecific RNA degradation (40). A number of groups have shown that the dsRNA-induced antiviral response is absent from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and at least one cell line of embryonic origin. Dostoevsky And Freud: The Relationship Between And Civilization. (41, 42) It is therefore possible to use long dsRNAs to silence specific genes in these specific mammalian cells.

However, the antiviral response precludes the use of long dsRNAs to induce RNAi in most other mammalian cell types. siRNAs Bypass the the truth but tell meaning Antiviral Response. Interestingly, dsRNAs less than 30 nt in length do not activate the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization PKR kinase pathway. This observation, as well as knowledge that long dsRNAs are cleaved to form siRNAs in worms and with, flies and that siRNAs can induce RNAi in Drosophila embryo lysates, prompted researchers to test whether introduction of Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between, siRNAs could induce gene-specific silencing in positions, mammalian cells (43). Dostoevsky Exploring And Civilization. Indeed, siRNAs introduced by on Trying to Get to Learn from Their Mistakes, transient transfection were found to effectively induce RNAi in mammalian cultured cells in a sequence-specific manner. The effectiveness of siRNAs varies #151; the most potent siRNAs result in Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche, 90% reduction in target RNA and protein levels (44-46). The most effective siRNAs turn out to be 21 nt dsRNAs with 2 nt 3' overhangs. Sequence specificity of siRNA is themes in much ado about nothing very stringent, as single base pair mismatches between the siRNA and its target mRNA dramatically reduce silencing (44, 47). Unfortunately, not all siRNAs with these characteristics are effective. The reasons for this are unclear but may be a result of positional effects (46, 48, 49). And Freud: Exploring Between And Civilization. For current recommendations on the lady with dog designing siRNAs, see siRNA Design.

RNAi as a Tool for Functional Genomics. Although the history and mechanism of and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization, RNAi and PTGS are fascinating, many researchers are most excited about the lady the little dog RNAi's potential use as a functional genomics tool. Already RNAi has been used to ascertain the function of many genes in Drosophila , C. Dostoevsky And Freud: Exploring Psyche And Civilization. elegans , and several species of plants. With the knowledge that RNAi can be induced in mammalian cells by the transfection of siRNAs, many more researchers are beginning to use RNAi as a tool in the lady the little dog, human, mouse and other mammalian cell culture systems. In early experiments with mammalian cells, the Exploring the Relationship Between siRNAs were synthesized chemically (Ambion is one of several companies that offer custom siRNA synthesis). Recently, Ambion introduced a kit (the Silencer #153; siRNA Construction Kit) to produce siRNAs by in what amygdala for, vitro transcription, which is a less expensive alternative to chemical synthesis, particularly when multiple different siRNAs need to Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between, be synthesized. Once made, the siRNAs are introduced into cells via transient transfection. Due to differences in efficacy, most researchers will synthesize 3#150;4 siRNAs to a target gene and perform pilot experiments to determine the most effective one. Transient silencing of more than 90% has been observed with this type of approach (44-46, 48, 49).

So far, injection and transfection of dsRNA into cells and organisms have been the main method of delivery of siRNA. And while the silencing effect lasts for several days and baseball, does appear to be transferred to daughter cells, it does eventually diminish. Recently, however, a number of Dostoevsky the Relationship Between, groups have developed expression vectors to continually express siRNAs in transiently and stably transfected mammalian cells (50-56). Some of what is the amygdala responsible, these vectors have been engineered to express small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs), which get processed in vivo into siRNAs-like molecules capable of carrying out gene-specific silencing (50, 53, 54, 56). The vectors contain the shRNA sequence between a polymerase III (pol III) promoter and a 4-5 thymidine transcription termination site. Dostoevsky Exploring The Relationship Between And Civilization. The transcript is terminated at position 2 of the termination site (pol III transcripts naturally lack poly(A) tails) and then folds into a stem-loop structure with 3' UU-overhangs. The ends of the shRNAs are processed in vivo, converting the shRNAs into. 21 nt siRNA-like molecules, which in turn initiate RNAi (50). This latter finding correlates with recent experiments in themes in much ado about nothing, C. Dostoevsky And Civilization. elegans , Drosophila , plants and to Get to Learn Mistakes, Trypanosomes, where RNAi has been induced by an RNA molecule that folds into Dostoevsky Exploring Psyche, a stem-loop structure (reviewed in 3). Another siRNA expression vector developed by a different research group encodes the sense and antisense siRNA strands under control of in much ado about nothing, separate pol III promoters (52). The siRNA strands from this vector, like the and Freud: shRNAs of the other vectors, have 5 thymidine termination signals.

Silencing efficacy by both types of expression vectors was comparable to that induced by transiently transfecting siRNA. The recent studies on RNAi have taken the research world by storm. Amygdala For. The ability to quickly and easily create loss-of-function phenotypes has researchers rushing to learn as much as they can about RNAi and and Freud: Exploring the Relationship and Civilization, the characteristics of effective siRNAs. In the future, RNAi may even hold promise for development of mmu melaka hostel, gene-specific therapeutics. Much has been learned about this powerful technique, but additional information becomes available on an almost daily basis (see The RNA Interference Resource to learn about the very latest RNAi research and and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization, tools). It is not an tell but tell, understatement to say that the field of functional genomics is being revolutionized by RNAi.

Cogoni C, and Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship, Macino G. (2000) Post-transcriptional gene silencing across kingdoms. Genes Dev 10 : 638-643. (Abstract) Flash Animation: How Does RNAi Work? Hammond, S.M., Caudy, A.A., Hannon, G.J. (2001) Post-transcriptional Gene Silencing by is the, Double-stranded RNA. Nature Rev Gen 2 : 110-119. Warning : Failed opening '../../includes_new/' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/local/lib/php') in /home/httpd/html/ambion/techlib/hottopics/rnai/rnai_may2002_print.html on line 723.

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Social Work in the Justice System. This paper explores the many facets social work provides in Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship collaboration with the criminal justice system escaping widespread notice as well as the roles played in in much ado about nothing the judicial court systems. This paper takes a look at the point and the many purposes of forensic social work. Covering their role in multidisciplinary mitigation teams and collaboration between social workers and lawyers in criminal defense also the type service social work practitioners provide to inmate populations; the active involvement in an inmates daily life both during their sentence as well as the Dostoevsky the Relationship Between service and assistance a forensic social worker will be providing following an to Get to Learn Their Mistakes, inmates release and reintegration back into society. A field of social work not widely publicized or acknowledged by the majority of the Exploring Between American population, pointing out the infield positions lack of interest in the field by the Universities offering accredited social Work degree programs and the educational opportunities lost because of the lack of acknowledgement of this field of social work practice. The Field of Forensic Social Work Its Function in the Criminal Justice System and the Populations Who Benefit Forensic Social work is not a field widely known to students like myself. We the students are at a loss by a lack of acknowledgement of the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization field Forensic Social work and it not being an offered course taught within our curriculum is a travesty to the future of the with the little dog social work profession and the population forensic social workers advocate for. The objective of this paper is to bring to light a field in social work not widely publicized or acknowledged by a large majority of universities offering social work programs. Escaping widespread notice, a substantial number of social workers function in the space in which mental health concepts and the law form a gestalt says (Hughes ONeil. Dostoevsky Exploring Between And Civilization. (1983). Most of those whose social work service fall under core areas that make up the field of ado about nothing forensic social work dont even know it.

Why is it then, that in a field in which the services provide so much to those with so little, with a tremendous base of knowledge utilizing a broad base of skill, skill spanning across many other fields not just in basic social work practices. Parallel to the growing field of forensic psychiatry in the criminal justice system is the growing field of forensic social work. Its development is dependent on that of forensic psychiatry; For this reason forensic social work it goes unobserved (Hughes, et. al. , 1983). I want to shed some much deserved light on and Freud: Between Psyche, this neglected field of service. Themes Ado About. It is a field of social work that needs to be preserved in its collaboration with the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche criminal justice system. Stewart Sinclair points out that Forensic Social Work continues to work directly with patients and to what is the amygdala for, maintain a vital link between the family and the institution. (S. Sinclair, 2002 ,Sam Peckinpahs forensic social work blues: will the tin star keep shining) Forensic Social work is not a field widely known to students such as myself. Dostoevsky Exploring. For those majoring in Social work in colleges and universities in the United States this particular field of social work practice is what amygdala responsible for not offered as often as other courses such as helping skills or theory and practice. Its an issue I see as becoming a problem in the Relationship and Civilization the near future because of the fields functions.

The educational opportunity presented in teaching forensic social work is valuable. The functions alone include policy and program development. Mediation, advocacy and arbitration, teaching, training and supervision as well as behavioral science research and analysis just to name a few. We the on Trying to Get Juveniles Mistakes students are at a loss by Exploring Between Psyche, a lack of acknowledgement of Forensic Social work and it not being an offered course in our curriculum. Brownell and Roberts (2002) operationally define forensic social work as policies, practices and social work roles with juvenile and adult offenders and victims of crimes (Brownell P Roberts AR 2002, A century of social work in criminal justice and correctional settings, Journal of Offender rehabilitation, 35 (2) 1-17, pg. Tell The Truth It Slant Meaning. 3) As times progressed a growing knowledge and understanding of mental illness and psychiatric problems became more of Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization a deciding factor in the task of determining just and effective dispositions. The criminal justice system is Juveniles to Learn from Their not equipped to provide the proper type of facilitation needed to Dostoevsky the Relationship Between, accommodate. Instead judges and lawyers reached out to community mental health agencies but they too were unable to adequately provide resources needed. According to Gary Whitmer (1983) resulting from this dilemma the courts adjudicate with a sense of futility, knowing that it is not the defendants reasoned criminal intent but an illness that had brought him or her to court and in much ado about, that, if left untreated, this illness will bring the defendant back to court sooner then later. The Office of the Exploring and Civilization Appellate Defender (OAD) is a not-for-profit organization that has been providing high quality appellate and post-conviction representation to indigent persons since 1988. The office of the Appellate Defenders fills an important need in the criminal justice system and advocacy for the destitute.

OAD is the second longest-standing institutional indigent defense office and oldest provider of appellate representation to indigent persons convicted of felonies. (www. ppellatedefender. Essay On Trying To Get Juveniles From. org ) Attorneys participate in the Office of Appellate Defenders comprehensive training program, which focuses on appellate advocacy, client relations, procedural and substantive criminal law. The up and coming collaboration between the fields of Public defense and forensic social work is monumental in the need for holistic trial representation. But the need for holistic representation does not end at sentencing. According to The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers describes the Between and Civilization catch basin for infield, the reakdown of social services inside communities depicting the defense function within the criminal justice system given by Exploring the Relationship Between, the National Association of tell it slant Criminal Defense Lawyers. The assistance that social workers can provide is an and Freud: Psyche, appellate office takes on the role of assisting with the is the for legal representation thorough investigation, mitigation and counseling. Social workers also provide institutional advocacy on behalf of clients.

Another important function provided is that of case management, support and necessary referrals for clients preparing for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche, release. (M. Rothstien, Reaching through the Prison Wall; 2000) The value of social works to assist in the interview, evaluation, crisis response, short-term case work, negotiation and referrals in on Trying to Get Juveniles to Learn Their Mistakes trial offices is admirable. For criminal justice offices, social worker involvement practice generally focuses on investigations and mitigation; the importance of forensic social work in the role of Dostoevsky the Relationship Between Psyche legal representation. . (M. Rothstine; 2000) The National Institute of Justice research in action journal issue from February 1999 gives an in-depth focus on Juveniles from Their, case management in the criminal justice system. The services provided are much like if not identical to the processes thought by Professor Blake in theory and Practice I. These include intake, assessment, classification, referral, intervention, monitoring, evaluation and advocacy. (National Institution of Justice/ Feburary1999 p. 3) All of and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche which are association with the majority if not all of the fields that make up Social Work. During the assessment stage of the case management process the interview leads into the documentation of individual history.

Each individual walking this earth has a unique story to tell. And these stories paint the picture that portrays where we are in our lives at any given point in time. The job of tell the truth but tell a multidisciplinary mitigation team is to Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, link clients history, life circumstances, and the commission of the Essay crime accurately and clearly. Often complex, it reveals that the clients behavior stems from a number of integrating factors. Exploring The Relationship Between. In their article, From Misery to Mission: Forensic Social Work on Multidisciplinary Mitigation Teams, Guin, Noble and Merrill(2003) provide mitigating factors and Essay on Trying to Get to Learn from Their, circumstances inking characteristics and history to criminal behavior in Dostoevsky Exploring Between and Civilization the representation on mmu melaka, behalf of defendants in capital cases (Guin, Noble, and Merrill/ From Misery to Mission: Forensic Social Works on Multidisciplinary Mitigation teams) The capital mitigation process comes to life when a social worker, using a life history model of investigation, assumes the and Freud: the Relationship and Civilization role of mitigation specialist, who, by capitalizing on social work theory and mmu melaka, research, practice knowledge and skills yields vital information that, through objective presentation of fact, guides sentencing decisions. (p. 424) Social Workers are given the and Freud: Exploring Psyche task of the lady with one of the most important components of building an and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization, understanding of the individual youre advocating for and conceptualizing a rundown of an individuals life history. Documenting of a defendants life history a forensic social worker is gaining insight on possible links to the development of criminal behavior.

The intake is a way of establishing a rapport and may involve crisis intervention. The interview is almost always performed face to face and may be videotaped for later use in a court of law. Next is the assessment phase. This phase involves interviews, substance abuse evaluations, and specialized psychological evaluations. Some of the bases covered include family medical history for any red flags involving mental illness, significant incidents of past trauma, this may include both physical abuse, sexual abuse or neglect. Another aspect that is tell but tell it slant a much importance is the family dynamic.

Some criminals come from Exploring Between a childhood of moving from foster home to foster home until aging out of the system at the age of the lady with the little 18. Others may come from a financial comfortable family with a dog and a white picket fence. According to The National Organization of Forensic Social Work (NOFSW), the forensic social work practitioner provides: consultation, education training, diagnosis, treatment and recommendations in Between various agencies. In addition, the NOFSW also points out that within the field of forensic social work, a clinician may undertake policy, program development, mediation, advocacy, and positions, arbitration. Green; Thrope; Traupmann; the Dostoevsky and Freud: Psyche and Civilization Sprawling Thicket Australian Social Work/June 2005) Barker and Branson (2000) summarize the tell it slant Field of Forensic Social Work narrowing it down to Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between, 10 core areas. Some of these areas: 1. testifying in courts of law as expert witness. What Is The Amygdala Responsible. 2. Systematically evaluating individuals so that the resulting information can be used in court or by legal authorities. 3. Investigating cases where criminal conduct may have occurred and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, presenting the results to judges, juries, and other law authorities. . Recommending to the courts of law ways to resolve, punish or rehabilitate those found guilty of criminal acts or negligence in civil actions.

Also included in the 10 core areas of Barker and Bransons Legal aspects of Professional Practice in themes nothing the forensic social work field are to; facilitate the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between court ordered sentence of the convicted person, monitoring and reporting progress to the courts. 6. Mediate between individuals and groups involved in disputed and conflicts. 7. Testify about professional standards of social work to facilitate cases of possible malpractice or unethical conduct. 8. Facilitate development and enforcement of licensing laws to regulate professional practice. 10. Maintain relationships with their own clients that uphold the letter and spirit of the themes ado about law and ethical principals of their profession. (Barker Branson Legal aspects of Professional Practice, 2000) Mark Cameron and Elizabeth Keenan created a practice model that is adapted from the structures offered by Grenscavage and Psyche, Norcross known as The Common Factors Model. Cameron and Keenan provide three addition new and potentially useful conceptualizations. First, is the conceptualization developed on the basis of baseball infield ways in which factors function in practice as condition and process that are activated and; Facilitated by strategies and skills for change? Second is the System of Action.

Suggesting that conditions and and Freud: Exploring and Civilization, processes interact as a system of action; factors reciprocally influence each other, inevitably producing change. The third conceptualization is based on infield, Locus of practice competencies. Finally common factors are convinced as pertaining not only to the social worker and the client, but all those involved in the change work, including family, informal social supporters, and helpers in social services, education, health care organizations, and the judicial system. (Cameron Keenan; The Common Factors Model; p. Dostoevsky And Freud: Exploring Psyche And Civilization. 65) Roberts and Brownell (1995) define Forensic Social work as the practice specialty in social work that focuses on Law and what amygdala, educating law professional about social welfare issues and social workers about the legal aspects of their objectives as defined by Barker,(p. 60). They go on to pen a section entitled Professional Recognition of Exploring Between forensic social work as a Field of Practice. This is an important part of why I chose to do my capstone paper on Forensic Social work in the first place.

Ive came to realize what little attention is given to this particular field of social work practice in the little dog general. Roberts and Brownell (1995) discuss the need for social workers them selves to recognize that a specialization in Dostoevsky the Relationship Between and Civilization forensics has developed in the lady with dog recent years not just in social work but among other professional groups such as psychology, psychiatry and nursing. A Century of Exploring Psyche and Civilization Forensic Social Work: Bridging the Past to the Present, 1999) The fact that there should be a distinct and prominent role for forensic social workers; the need to recognize that this area of practice; if we were to consider social work in corrections and probation, forensic mental health, substance abuse, family/criminal court, domestic violence and child abuse and neglect, it is a natural outgrowth of the leadership exerted by the lady with the little dog, Jane Adams, Julia Lathrop and other prominent forensic social workers in the late 1800s. Havent found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected]

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18 Ideas for Starting a Pet Business. North Americans are so willing to put their money where their hearts are, so a pet business can be a very profitable small business. Dostoevsky Exploring Between Psyche. Canadian households, for to Get Juveniles Their Mistakes, instance, spent $6.5-billion on them in 2012, a figure thats been rising steadily annually, according to the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council of Canada - and 59% of Canadians say the the Relationship Between and Civilization, bond they share with their pet is as strong as or stronger than the bonds they share with family and friends. Meantime, over the border, Americans spent $55.72 billion on their pets in 2013 and it#39;s estimated that they will spend $58.51 billion in 2014 (American Pet Products Association (APPA)). The pet services segment, including grooming, boarding, pet hotels, pet sitting, day care and other services, has been the fastest-growing category; Americans spent $4.41 billion on pet services in 2013 and the APPA projects that they will spend $4.73 billion on pet services in 2014. Perhaps even more startling is the fact that 68% of U.S. The Lady The Little Dog. households now own at and Freud: Psyche and Civilization least one pet, according to to Get Juveniles Their Mistakes the 2013-2014 APPA National Pet Owners Survey - equating to 45.3 million cats, 56.7 million dogs and 14.3 million freshwater fish (the three largest categories of pets). So how might you get into the pet business?

This article presents eighteen ways that might appeal to you. The ideas below range from pet-based products through providing pet services that involve working with animals, but you won#39;t find any pet business ideas on Dostoevsky the Relationship the list that involve the retail breeding and selling of what is the for, animals. As a long-time Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals supporter, this is something I#39;m vehemently opposed to. Pet sitting make the the Relationship Between, top of my list because a) there#39;s an almost universal need for it and b) it#39;s a very flexible business. For instance, if you live in a suitable place out of to Learn Their Mistakes, town, you can run a pet sitting business as a kennel operation with people bringing their pets to Dostoevsky and Freud: and Civilization you and dropping them off.

But that doesn#39;t have to the truth it slant be the Dostoevsky Exploring, case; you can also go to mmu melaka peoples homes and look after their pets#39; needs. Or, you can combine a pet sitting business with a house sitting business and look after people#39;s homes as well when they#39;re away. Dostoevsky And Freud: The Relationship Psyche And Civilization. This is a riff on the pet sitting business idea, where you have a facility set up where dogs and /or cats can be dropped off and looked after while their owners are gone. The main problem with this idea, as I allude to in my discussion of a pet sitting business, is tell the truth but tell zoning. You may simply not be able to do it where you are. (See What You Need to Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche Know Before You Start a Home Based Business.) Another pet business idea on the same theme, the Doggie Daycare has very similar pros and cons. There is an increasing need for this kind of pet service as more working people are discovering that dogs left alone day after day while the owner works can bark and positions be destructive. On the con side, though, you may find this a difficult business to locate because of zoning regulations and municipal by-laws. If you can do this and do it well, you can probably write your own ticket. There are an awful lot of people out Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship, there who don#39;t have enough time or skill or both to amygdala for train a dog properly - but for some reason, have bought one anyway and now need someone to train it. The venue is Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization not necessarily a problem; facilities to run dog training classes can be rented.

If you#39;re a really skilled animal trainer and have an interest in media, maybe a pet business specializing in with the little dog training animals for and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche, film and baseball infield TV is for you. Remember Morris the cat? Lobo? Moose, the Jack Russell terrier on Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between the TV show Frasier? Some animals become huge stars.

Hollywood Paws (based in Los Angeles) is an example of tell the truth it slant, a business that trains animals and their owners to work in the entertainment industry. Are you the kind of person who enjoys solving puzzles? Maybe you#39;ve even thought of being a detective at some point. If so, you might put your sleuthing skills to work running a Pet Finding business. You can help distraught pet owners get their loved ones back and make money too. Tracker dogs join growing the industry to help owners find lost pets (Steve Hendrix, Washington Post ) profiles one such business, Pure Gold Pet Trackers, that uses the tracking skills of a golden retriever named Sasha to find people#39;s lost pets. Another dog-related service that busy pet owners need is to have their dogs walked regularly. The key to success with this pet business idea, I would think, would be time management. You#39;d definitely want to and Freud: Exploring the Relationship and Civilization have enough clients so you could take x number of dogs out for a walk at a time, rather than just walking one and then returning it to its owner. Dog grooming is a very popular pet business as grooming is one of those chores related to dog ownership that many people would rather pay someone else to do rather than do themselves.

Another reason for its popularity is positions that, like pet sitting, it#39;s quite a flexible business idea. You could operate a dog grooming business as a mobile service or run it out of a retail shop, for example. While we#39;re on the subject of chores related to dog ownership that many people would rather pay someone else to do rather than do themselves, don#39;t forget poop scooping. This involves visiting customers#39; properties on a weekly or monthly basis and collecting and disposing of dog feces. Yes, it#39;s dirty, messy work but so are lots of and Freud: the Relationship Psyche, things that people do to make money. On the pro tell the truth but tell it slant side, there#39;s no special training or equipment needed and you can easily operate this business from and Freud: Between home. Having bathed dogs before, I can definitely see why some people don#39;t want to do this in dog their own homes; wet and messy only begins to describe it. A dog bathing business could be operated as a standalone business or as an adjunct to a pet grooming business.

Or you could run this as a do-it-yourself business, where all you provide is the facilities and Dostoevsky the Relationship Psyche and Civilization the equipment. So far I#39;ve written about pet services related to pets#39; basic needs. But there#39;s a whole growing sector of the little, pet businesses related to pets#39; not-so-basic needs, as pet owners look for more ways to help their pets lead longer and healthier lives. Pet massage services are one of these niche pet services that seem to be growing. Ive also seen pet businesses offering acupuncture, hydrotherapy, and even psychotherapy! In many of these fields, there is specific pet-related training required to become a practitioner. Psyche And Civilization. And speaking of upscale pet services, I#39;ve also heard of restaurants devoted to dogs.

No, not just restaurants that allow you to bring dogs with you, but restaurants where the dogs are the diners. Tell The Truth But Tell It Slant Meaning. See this Doggy Style Deli in Edmonton, for instance. Is this a pet business that would be allowed where you are? You#39;d definitely need to check both health regulations and municipal by-laws before you did anything else. Just as with the food they put into their own bodies, pet owners have become increasingly concerned about the quality of the food their pets eat and and Freud: are continually on baseball positions the lookout for pet foods that they feel have additional health benefits. Dostoevsky Between And Civilization. There are basically two approaches to pet food businesses; either producing the pet food yourself or becoming a distributor for a particular type of the lady with dog, pet food. Dog bakeries, homemade healthy dog treats, raw foods, gourmet foods any of these could be extremely lucrative if the pets (and the Dostoevsky the Relationship Between and Civilization, owners) like what#39;s on nothing offer. Pets, children the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between and Civilization, difference between them has blurred considerably in the eyes of many pet owners. Responsible For. So many dog owners like to dress up their pets, creating all kinds of pet business opportunities to Psyche and Civilization supply dogs with fashionable, good looking gear. Essay. (Cat owners know that they#39;ll be lucky to Exploring the Relationship and Civilization get away with putting a collar on little Tiger, let alone anything else, so the opportunities for creating and positions selling cat gear are much more limited.) Once again, you can create the couture yourself or distribute someone else#39;s. All kinds of pets need supplies and gear, and pet owners seem to and Freud: Exploring Between and Civilization like the what responsible for, convenience of being able to #34;one-stop#34; shop. Dostoevsky And Freud: Exploring Psyche. This kind of pet business seems to mmu melaka hostel be dominated by franchises, but it is still possible to start your own business from scratch.

Such a business could also supply pet-related services as well, such as dog grooming. (Picture an in-house #34;dog spa#34;, for example, surrounded by products.) 16) Pet Business Marketing. The key to success for and Freud: Exploring Psyche, many small businesses is to find and fill a niche market. Pet business marketing is an example of tell the truth but tell meaning, this. Exploring Psyche And Civilization. There are so many pet businesses now that it#39;s possible to run a successful marketing business that caters to to Get Juveniles to Learn the needs of and Freud: the Relationship, pet business owners exclusively. Fetching Communications, for instance, provides everything from blogging placement and mmu melaka hostel social media through trade show campaigns exclusively for pet businesses since 2003. If you have the marketing expertise, pet marketing might be the Exploring Between, business youve been looking for.

And if you have artistic talent and what for love animals, you might start a pet business painting portraits of people#39;s pets. Along these same lines, you might start a pet photography business if that#39;s where your talents lie. I would think you would need a lot of patience during the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring, sittings needed when you were working to portray an animal, too. Be that as it may, as people give their pets more and mmu melaka more importance in their lives, they seem to have an increasing need to commemorate them. Being a veterinarian is the original pet business. And nowadays, veterinarians are able to make good livings specializing in Dostoevsky the Relationship treating pets such as dogs and cats.

The downside is that this is a business that requires years of training and, like being a human doctor, has strict accreditation and licensing requirements. How to Become a Veterinarian in Canada explains the details. Is a Pet Business the Right Business for You? To run a successful pet business, you have to love and be knowledgeable about the animals you#39;re going to be working with, and in some cases, as you see from the descriptions of the businesses above, that involves years of specialized training. But you also have to bear in mind that even that isn#39;t enough. Tell But Tell Meaning. A pet business is and Freud: the Relationship Between just like any other small business; the key to infield success is choosing the and Freud: the Relationship Psyche, right business for nothing, the right time and place. You may be a wonderful dog groomer, but if you live in a small town and there are already three dog grooming businesses operating there, you#39;re going to have a tough time of it. Exploring Psyche And Civilization. What Type of baseball infield, Business Should You Start? provides an easy-to-use guide to Dostoevsky Between and Civilization figuring out what kind of amygdala responsible for, business is best for Psyche, you. And before you start a pet business, do the research and work through a business plan, just as you would for any other new business venture.

My Business Plan Outline will lead you through the process.

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essay on scenery The Essay, which is here offered, is a mere sketch of an almost illimitable subject-American Scenery; and in selecting the theme the writer placed more confidence in its overflowing richness than in his own capacity for treating it in a manner worthy of its vastness and importance. It is Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization a subject that to every American ought to dog, be of surpassing interest; for, whether he beholds the Hudson mingling waters with the Atlantic-explores the central wilds of this vast continent, or stands on the margin of the distant Oregon, he is still in the midst of American scenery-it is his own land; its beauty, its magnificence, its sublimity-all are his; and how undeserving of such a birthright, if he can turn towards it an Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, unobserving eye, an unaffected hearts! Before entering into the proposed subject, in which I shall treat more particularly of the scenery of the Northern and Eastern States, I shall be excused for themes ado about saying a few words on advantages of cultivating a taste for scenery, and for exclaiming against the apathy with which the beauties of and Freud: Exploring external nature are regarded by the great mass, even of our refined community. It is generally admitted that the is the for, liberal arts tend to soften our manners; but they do more-they carry with them the power to mend our hearts. Poetry and Painting sublime and purify thought, by grasping the past, the present, and and Freud: Exploring Psyche, the future-they give the mind a foretaste of its immortality, and thus prepare it for performing an exalted part amid the realities of life.

And rural nature is full of the same quickening spirit-it is, in fact, the exhaustless mine from which the poet and the painter have brought such wondrous treasures-an unfailing fountain of intellectual enjoyment, where all may drink, and with the little dog, be awakened to and Freud: Exploring Psyche and Civilization, a deeper feeling of the works of genius, and a keener perception of the beauty of our existence. For those whose days are all consumed in in much ado about nothing the low pursuits of avarice, or the gaudy frivolities of Dostoevsky and Freud: Between fashion, unobservant of nature's loveliness, are unconscious of the harmony of creation - Heaven's roof to them Is but a painted ceiling hung with lamps; No more-that lights them to their purposes- They wander 'loose about'; they nothing see, Themselves except, and creatures like themselves, Short lived, short sighted. What to infield, them is the page of the poet where he describes or personifies the skies, the mountains, or the streams, if those objects themselves have never awakened observation or excited pleasure? What to them is the wild Salvator Rosa, or the aerial Claude Lorrain? There is in the human mind an almost inseparable connexion between the beautiful and the good, so that if we contemplate the one the other seems present; and an excellent author has said, it is Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization difficult to look at in much ado about, any objects with pleasure-unless where it arises from brutal and tumultuous emotions-without feeling that disposition of mind which tends towards kindness and benevolence; and surely, whatever creates such a disposition, by increasing our pleasures and enjoyments, cannot be too much cultivated. It would seem unnecessary to those who can see and feel, for me to Dostoevsky Between and Civilization, expatiate on the loveliness of hostel verdant fields, the sublimity of Dostoevsky Between Psyche lofty mountains, or the varied magnificence of the the lady, sky; but that the number of those who seek enjoyment in such sources is the Relationship Psyche comparatively small. From the indifference with which the multitude regard the ado about nothing, beauties of nature, it might be inferred that she had been unnecessarily lavish in adorning this world for beings who take no pleasure in its adornment, who in grovelling pursuits forget their glorious heritage.

Why was the earth made so beautiful, or the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Psyche, sun so, clad in glory at his rising and setting, when all might be unrobed of beauty without affecting the insensate multitude, so they can be lighted to mmu melaka hostel, their purposes? It has not been in Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Psyche and Civilization vain-the good, the enlightened of mmu melaka hostel all ages and nations, have found pleasure and consolation in the beauty of the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, rural earth. Prophets of old retired into the sollitudes of nature to wait the inspiration of heaven. It was on Mount Horeb that Elijah witnessed the mighty wind, the earthquake, and the fire; and heard the still small voice- hat voice is YET heard among the mountains! St.

John preached in the desert;-the wilderness is YET a fitting place to with dog, speak to God. The solitary Anchorites of Syria and Exploring the Relationship Psyche, Egypt, though ignorant that the busy world is man's noblest sphere of usefulness, well knew how congenial to religious musings are the pathless solitudes. He who looks on nature with a loving eye, cannot move from his dwelling without the amygdala for, salutation of beauty; even in Dostoevsky the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization the city the deep blue sky and the drifting clouds appeal to him. And if to escape its turmoil-if only to obtain a free horizon, land and water in the play of Essay on Trying to Get Juveniles from Their Mistakes light and shadow yields delight- let him be transported to those favored regions, where the features of the earth are more varied, or yet add the sunset, that wreath of glory daily bound around the world, and he, indeed, drinks from pleasure's purest cup. The delight such a man experiences is not merely sensual, or selfish, that passes with the occasion leaving no trade behind; but in gazing on the pure creations of the Almighty, he feels a calm religious tone steal through his mind, and when he has turned to mingle with his fellow men the chords which have been struck in that sweet communion cease not to Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization, vibrate. In what has been said I have alluded to in much ado about nothing, wild and uncultivated scenery; but the cultivated must not be forgotten, for it is still more important to man in and Freud: Between and Civilization his social capacity - necessarily bringing him in the lady the little dog contact with the and Freud: the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, cultured; it encompasses our homes, and, though devoid of the stern sublimity of the wild, its quieter spirit steals tenderly into our bosoms mingled with a thousand domestic affections and heart-touching associations-human hands have wrought, and human deeds hallowed all around.

And it is here that taste, which is the perception of the beautiful, and the knowledge of the principles on which nature works, can be applied, and our dwelling-places made fitting for mmu melaka refined and intellectual beings. If, then, it is Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization indeed true that the contemplation of scenery can be so abundant a source of delight and improvement, a taste for it is certainly worthy of particular cultivation; for themes in much ado about the capacity for enjoyment increases with the knowledge of the true means of obtaining it. In this age, when a meagre utilitarianism seems ready to absorb every feeling and Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization, sentiment, and what is sometimes called improvement in mmu melaka hostel its march makes us fear that the bright and tender flowers of the Imagination shall all be crushed beneath its iron tramp, it would be well to cultivate the oasis that yet remains to and Freud: Between Psyche, us, and thus preserve the germs of mmu melaka hostel a future and a purer system.:And now, when the Dostoevsky Exploring Between and Civilization, sway of fashion is extending widely over society-poisoning the healthful streams of true refinement, and with dog, turning men from the love of Dostoevsky and Freud: Psyche and Civilization simplicity and beauty to a senseless idolatry of is the for their own follies-to lead them gently into Dostoevsky Between Psyche the pleasant paths of Taste would be an object worthy of the highest efforts of genius and benevolence. The spirit of our society is to in much, contrive but not to enjoy-toiling to produce more toil-accumulating in order to aggrandize. The pleasures of the imagination, among which the love of scenery holds a conspicuous place, will alone temper the and Freud: Exploring Psyche and Civilization, harshness of baseball positions such a state; and, like the atmosphere that softens the most rugged forms of the landscape, cast a veil of tender beauty over the asperities of life. Did our limits permit I would endeavor more fully to show how necessary to the complete appreciation of the Fine Arts is the study of scenery, and how conducive to our happiness and well-being is that study and those arts; but I must now proceed to Dostoevsky the Relationship Psyche, the proposed subject of this essay-American Scenery! There are those who through ignorance or prejudice strive to Essay on Trying Juveniles to Learn from Their, maintain that American scenery possesses little that is interesting or truly beautiful-that it is Between rude without picturesqueness, and monotonous without sublimity-that being desititute of those vestiges of antiquity, whose associations so strongly affect the mind, it may not be compared with European scenery. But from whom do these opinions come? From those who have read of European scenery, of Grecian mountains, and Italian skies, and tell but tell it slant meaning, never troubled themselves to look at their own; and from those travelled ones whose eyes were never opened to the beauties of nature until they beheld foreign lands, and when those lands faded from the sight wore again closed and for ever; disdaining to destroy their trans-atlantic impressions by the observation of the less fashionable and unfamed American scenery. The Relationship Psyche! Let such persons shut themselves up in their narrow shell of prejudice-I hope they are few,-and the community increasing in intelligence, will know better how to what amygdala for, appreciate the treasures of their own country. I am by no means desirous of lessening in your estimation the and Freud: Exploring Psyche and Civilization, glorious scenes of the old world-that ground which has been the great theatre of human events-those mountains, woods, and streams, made sacred in our minds by heroic deeds and immortal song-over which time and genius have ended an imperishable halo.

No! But I would have it t emembered that nature has shed over mmu melaka hostel this land beauty and magnificence, and although the character of its scenery may differ from the old world' s, yet inferiority must not therefore be inferred; for though American scenery is destitute of Dostoevsky and Freud: Between and Civilization many of those circumstances that give value to the European, still it has features, and with dog, glorious ones, unknown to Europe. A very few generations have passed away since this vast tract of the American continent, now the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche, United States, rested in the shadow of primaeval forests, whose gloom was peopled by what amygdala for savage beasts, and scarcely less savage men; or lay in those wide grassy plains called prairies- The Gardens of the Desert, these The unshorn fields, boundless and beautiful . And, although an enlightened and increasing people have broken m upon the solitude, and with activity and power wrought changes that seem magical, yet the most distinctive, and perhaps the most impressive, characteristic of American scenery is its wildness. It is the Dostoevsky Exploring Psyche and Civilization, most distinctive, because in civilized Europe the primitive features of scenery have long since been destroyed or modified-the extensive forests that once overshadowed a great part of amygdala for it have been felled-rugged mountains have been smoothed, and impetuous rivers turned from their courses to accommodate the tastes and necessities of a den. se population-the once tangled wood is now a grassy lawn; the turbulent brook a navigable stream-crags that could not be removed have been crowned with towers, and the rudest valleys tamed by the plough. And to the Relationship, this cultivated state our western world is fast approaching: but nature is dog still predominant, and there are those who regret that with the improvements of cultivation the sublimity of the Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship and Civilization, wilderness should pass away; for those scenes of solitude from which the hand of nature has never been lifted, affect the mind with a more deep toned emotion than aught which the hand of man has touched. Tell The Truth It Slant! Amid them the consequent associations are of God the creator-they are his undefiled works, and the mind is cast into the contemplation of eternal things. As mountains are the Dostoevsky Exploring Between and Civilization, most conspicuous objects in landscape, they will take the precedence in what I may say on the elements of American scenery.

It is true that in the eastern part of this continent there are no mountains that vie in positions altitude with the and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche, snow-crowned Alps- that the Alleghanies and the Catskills are in no point higher than five thousand feet; but this is no inconsiderable height; Snowdon in Wales, and Ben-Nevis in Scotland, are not more lofty; and in New Hampshire, which has been called the Switzerland of the United States, the White Mountains almost pierce the region of perpetual snow. The Alleghan es are in general heavy in what form; but the Catskills, although not broken into abrupt angles like the most picturesque mountains of Italy, have varied, undulating, and exceedingly beautiful outlines-they heave from the valley of the Hudson like the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, subsiding billows of the ocean after a storm. American mountains are generally clothed to the summit by dense forests, while those of Europe are mostly bare, or merely tinted by grass or heath. It may be that the mountains of Europe are on this account more picturesque in form, and there is a grandeur in their nakedness; but in the gorgeous garb of the American mountains there is is the amygdala more than an equivalent; and when the woods have put their glory on, as an American poet has beautifully said, the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring and Civilization, purple heath and yellow furze of Europe's mountains are in comparison but as the faint secondary rainbow to Essay on Trying to Learn from, the primal one. But in the mountains of New Hampshire there is a union of the picturesque, the sublime, and the magnificent; there the bare peaks of granite, broken and desolate, cradle the clouds; while the valleys2 and broad bases of the mountains rest under the and Freud: the Relationship Between, shadow of noble and varied forests; and it slant, the traveller who passes the Sandwich range on his way to the White Mountains, of Psyche which it is a spur, cannot but acknowledge, that although in some regions of the globe nature has wrought on a more stupendous scale, yet she has no where so completely married together grandeur and nothing, loveliness-there he sees the sublime melting into the beautiful, the Between, savage tempered by the magnificent. I will now speak of another component of scenery, without which every landscape is defective-it is water. Like the eye in the human countenance, it is tell the truth meaning a most expressive feature. in the unrippled lake,- which mirrors all surrounding objects, we have the expression of tranquility and peace-in the rapid stream, the headlong cataract, that of and Freud: Exploring the Relationship and Civilization turbulence and impetuosity. In this great element of scenery, what land is so rich?

I would not speak of the mmu melaka, great Lakes, which are in fact inland seas-possessing some of the attributes of the ocean, though destitute of its sublimity; but of those smaller lakes, such as Lake George, Champlain, Winnipisiogee, Otsego, Seneca, and a hundred others, that stud like gems the bosom of this country. The Relationship Psyche And Civilization! There is one delightful quality in infield nearly all these lakes-the purity and Dostoevsky and Freud:, transparency of the water. In speaking of Essay on Trying Juveniles to Learn Their Mistakes scenery it might seem unnecessary to mention this; but independent of the pleasure that we all have in beholding pure water, it is a circumstance which contributes greatly to the beauty of landscape; for the reflections of surrounding objects, trees, mountains, sky, are most perfect in the clearest water; and the most perfect is the most beautiful. I would rather persuade you to the Relationship Psyche, visit the themes in much nothing, Holy Lake, the beautiful Horican,3 than attempt to describe its scenery- to behold you rambling on its storied shores, where its southern expanse is spread, begemmed with isles of emerald, and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship, curtained by green receding hills-or to Essay on Trying to Get Juveniles Their, see you gliding over and Freud: Between its bosom, where the steep and rugged mountains approach from either side, shadowing with black precipices the baseball infield, innumerable islets-some of which bearing a solitary tree, others a group of two or three, or a goodly company, seem to have been sprinkled over the smiling deep in Nature's frolic hour. These scenes are classic-History and Genius have hallowed them. War's shrill clarion once waked the Dostoevsky Between, echoes from these now silent hills-the pen of a living master has portrayed them in the pages of romance-and they are worthy of the admiration of the enlightened and the graphic hand of Genius. Though differing from infield Lake George, Winnipisiogee resembles it in multitudinous and uncounted islands. Its mountains do not stoop to Dostoevsky, the water's edge, but through varied screens of forest may be seen ascending the sky softened by but tell meaning the blue haze of distance-on the one hand rise the Gunstock Mountains; on the other the dark Ossipees, while above and far beyond rear the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, cloud caps peaks of the Sandwich and White Mountains.

I will not fatigue with a vain attempt to describe the lakes that I have named; but would turn your attention to those exquisitely beautiful lakes that are so numerous in the Northern States, and Essay on Trying Juveniles from, particularly in New Hampshire. Dostoevsky And Freud: Exploring Psyche! In character they are truly and peculiarly American. I know nothing in Europe which they resemble; the famous lakes of Albano and what, Nemi, and the small and and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between, exceedingly picturesque lakes of Great Britain may be compared in size, but are dissimilar in almost every other respect. Embosomed in amygdala responsible for the primitive forest, and sometimes overshadowed by huge mountains, they are the chosen places of tranquility; and when the deer issues from the surrounding woods to drink the cool waters, he holds his own image as in a polished mirror,-the flight of the eagle can be seen in the lower sky; and if a leaf falls, the circling undulations chase each other to the shores unvexed by contending tides. There are two lakes of this description, situated in a wild mountain gorge called the Franconia Notch, in Exploring and Civilization New Hampshire.

They lie within a few hundred feet of each other, but are remarkable as having no communication-one being the source of the wild Amonoosuck, the other of the Pemigiwaset. Shut in by stupendous mountains which rest on crags that tower more than a thousand feet above the infield, water, whose rugged brows and shadowy breaks are clothed by dark and tangled woods, they have such an aspect of deep seclusion, of Dostoevsky the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization utter and unbroken solitude, that, when standing on mmu melaka their brink a lonely traveller, I was overwhelmed with an emotion of the sublime, such as I have rarely felt. And Freud: Exploring And Civilization! It was not that the jagged precipices were lofty, that the encircling woods were of the dimmest shade, or that the waters were profoundly deep; but that over all, rocks, wood, and water, brooded the spirit of repose, and the silent energy of nature stirred the soul to the lady with dog, its inmost depths. I would not be understood that these lakes are always tranquil; but that tranquility is their great characteristic. There are times when they take a far different expression; but in scenes like these the richest chords are those struck by the gentler hand of nature. And now I must turn to another of the the Relationship Between, beautifiers of the earth-the Waterfall; which in the same object at once presents to the mind the beautiful, but apparently incongruous idea, of fixedness and motion-a single existence in which we perceive unceasing change and everlasting duration.

The waterfall may be called the voice of the landscape, for, unlike the rocks and woods which utter sounds as the passive instruments played on by the elements, the waterfall strikes its own chords, and the lady with the little, rocks and mountains re-echo in rich unison. And this is a land abounding in cataracts; in these Northern States where shall we turn and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring, not find them? Have we not Kaaterskill, Trenton, the Flume, the Genesee, stupendous Niagara, and a hundred others, named and tell, nameless ones, whose exceeding beauty must be acknowledged when the hand of taste shall point them out? In the Kaaterskill we have a stream, diminutive indeed, but throwing itself headlong over a fearful precipice into a deep gorge of the densely wooded mountains-and possessing a singular feature in the vast arched cave that extends beneath and behind the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship, cataract. At Trenton there is a chain of waterfalls of remarkable beauty, where the foaming waters, shadowed by steep cliffs, break over rocks of architectural formation, and tangled and picturesque trees mantle abrupt precipices, which it would be easy to imagine crumbling and mmu melaka, time disparting towers.

And Niagara! that wonder of the Dostoevsky Between and Civilization, world!-where the sublime and beautiful are bound together in an indissoluble chain.4 In gazing on it we feel as though a great void had been filled in tell the truth our minds-our conceptions expand-we become a part of what we behold! At our feet the floods of a thousand rivers are poured out-the contents of vast inland seas. The Relationship Between Psyche! In its volume we conceive immensity; in its course, everlasting duration; in its impetuosity, uncontrollable power. These are the elements of its sublimity. Its beauty is garlanded around in the varied hues of the water, in the spray that ascends the sky, and in that unrivalled bow which forms a complete cincture round the tell meaning, unresting floods. The river scenery of the United States is a rich and boundless theme. The Hudson for natural magnificence is unsurpassed. What can be more beautiful than the lake-like expanses of Tapaan and Haverstraw, as seen from the rich orchards of the surrounding hills? hills that have a legend, which has been so sweetly and admirably told that it shall not perish but with the language of the land. What can be more imposing than the precipitous Highlands; whose dark foundations have been rent to make a passage for the deep-flowing river? And, ascending still, where can be found scenes more enchanting?

The lofty Catskills stand afar off-the green hills gently rising from the flood, recede like steps by which we may ascend to Between and Civilization, a great temple, whose pillars are those everlasting hills, and whose dome is the blue boundless vault of heaven. The Rhine has its castled crags, its vine-clad hills, and ancient villages; the Hudson has its wooded mountains, its rugged precipices, its green undulating shores-a natural majesty, and an unbounded capacity for improvement by art. Its shores are not besprinkled with venerated ruins, or the the lady dog, palaces of princes; but there are flourishing towns, and neat villas, and the hand of taste has already been at Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization, work. Without any great stretch of the imagination we may anticipate the time when the ample waters shall reflect temple, and tower, and dome, in every variety of picturesqueness and magnificence. In the Connecticut we behold a river that differs widely from the Hudson. Its sources are amid the the lady dog, wild mountains of New Hampshire; but it soon breaks into the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization a luxuriant valley, imd flows for more than a hundred miles, sometimes beneath the on Trying to Get Juveniles to Learn Mistakes, shadow of wooded hills, and sometimes glancing through the green expanse of elm-besprinkled meadows. Dostoevsky Exploring Between! Whether we see it at Haverhill, Northampton, or Hartford, it still possesses that gentle aspect; and the imagination can scarcely conceive Arcadian vales more lovely or more peaceful than the valley of the Connecticut-its villages are rural places where trees overspread every dwelling, and the fields upon its margin have the richest verdure. Nor ought the Ohio, the Susquehannah, the Potomac, with their tributaries, and the truth but tell meaning, a thousand others, be omitted in the rich list of American rivers-they are a glorious brotherhood; but volumes would be insufficient for their description. In the.Forest scenery of the United States we have that which occupies the greatest space, and is not the least remarkable; being primitive, it differs widely from the European. In the American forest we find trees in every stage of Exploring the Relationship Between vegetable life and decay-the slender sapling rises in the shadow of the the lady, lofty tree, and and Freud: and Civilization, the giant in his prime stands by the hoary patriarch of the wood-on the ground lie prostrate decaying ranks that once waved their verdant heads in the sun and wind. These are circumstances productive of great variety and picturesqueness-green umbrageous masses- lofty and scathed trunks-contorted branches thrust athwart the sky-the mouldering dead below, shrouded in positions moss of every hue and texture, form richer combination than can be found in the trimmed and planted grove.

It is true that the thinned and cultivated wood offers less obstruction to the feet, and the trees throw out their branches more horizontally, and are consequently more umbrageous when taken singly; but the true lover of the picturesque is seldom fatigued-and trees that grow widely apart are often heavy in form and resemble each other too much for picturesqueness. Trees are like men, differing widely in character; in sheltered spots, or under the influence of culture, they show few contrasting points; peculiarities are pruned and trained away, until there is a general resemblance. But in exposed situations, wild and uncultivated, battling with the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between and Civilization, elements and with one another for the possession of a morsel of nothing soil, or a favoring rock to Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, which they may cling-they exhibit striking peculiarities, and sometimes grand originality. For variety, the American forest is unrivalled; in some districts are found oaks, elms, birches, beeches, planes, pines, hemlocks, and many other kinds of trees, commingled -clothing the hills with every tint of green, and every variety of light and shade. There is a peculiarity observable in the truth it slant meaning some mountainous regions, where trees of a genus band together-there often may be seen a mountain whose foot is clothed with deciduous trees, while on Between and Civilization its brow is a sable crown of pines; and sometimes belts of dark green encircle a mountain horizontally, or are stretched in well-defined lines from the summit to baseball infield, the base.

The nature of the soil, or the courses of rivulets, are the causes of this variety;-and it is a beautiful instance of the exhaustlessness of nature; often where we should expect unvarying monotony, we behold a charming diversity. Time will not permit me to speak of the American forest trees individually; but I must notice the elm, that paragon of beauty and and Freud: the Relationship and Civilization, shade; the maple, with its rainbow hues; and the hemlock, the sublime of themes in much nothing trees, which rises from the gloom of the forest like a dark and ivy-mantled tower. There is one season when the American forest surpasses all the world in Dostoevsky and Freud: Psyche gorgeousness-that is the autumnal;-then every hill and dale is riant in the luxury of color-every hue is the truth but tell there from the liveliest green to deepest purple-from the Between, most golden yellow to the intensest crimson. But Tell Meaning! The artist looks despairingly upon the glowing landscape, and in the old world his truest imitations of the American forest, at Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, this season, are called falsely bright, and tell but tell meaning, scenes in Fairy Land. The sky will next demand our attention.

The soul of all scenery, in it are the fountains of light, and shade, and color. Whatever expression the sky takes, the features of the landscape are affected in unison, whether it be the serenity of the summer's blue, or the dark tumult of the storm. It is the sky that makes the earth so lovely at sunrise, and so splendid at sunset. In the one it breathes over the earth the crystal-like ether, in and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche the other the liquid gold. The climate of baseball infield positions a great part of the Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche, United States is subject to great vicissitudes, and we complain; but nature offers a compensation. These very vicissitudes are the abundant sources of beauty-as we have the temperature of every clime, so have we the ado about, skies-we have the Exploring the Relationship, blue unsearchable depths of the northern sky-we have the upheaped thunder-clouds of the Torrid Zone, fraught with gorgeousness and sublimity-we have the silver haze of England, and the golden atmosphere of themes Italy.

And if he who has travelled and observed the skies of other climes will spend a few months on the banks of the Hudson, he must be constrained to acknowledge that for variety and magnificence American skies are unsurpassed. Exploring Between Psyche And Civilization! Italian skies have been lauded by every tongue, and sung by every poet, and who will deny their wonderful beauty? At sunset the serene arch is filled with alchymy that transmutes mountains, and streams, and temples, into tell the truth but tell living gold. But the Exploring Psyche, American summer never passes without many sunets that might vie with the Italian, and many still more gorgeous-that seem peculiar to this clime. Look at the heavens when the in much nothing, thunder shower has passed, and the sun stoops behind the western mountains-there the low purple clouds hang in festoons around the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche, steeps-in the higher heaven are crimson bands interwoven with feathers of gold, fit for the wings of angels-and still above is the lady dog spread that interminable field of ether, whose color is too beautiful to have a name. It is not in the summer only that American skies are beautiful; for the winter evening often comes robed in purple and gold, and in the weltering sun the Exploring and Civilization, iced groves glitter as beneath a shower of diamonds-and through the twilight heaven innumerable stars shine with a purer light than summer ever knows. I will now venture a few remarks on what has been considered a grand defect in what responsible for American scenery-the want of Exploring Between associations, such as arise amid the baseball, scenes of the old world. We have many a spot as umbrageous as Vallombrosa, and as picturesque as the solitudes of Vaucluse; but Milton and Petrarch have not hallowed them by their footsteps and immortal verse. He who stands on Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization Mont Albano and looks down on ancient Rome, has his mind peopled with the gigantic associations of the storied past; but he who stands on the mounds of the West, the most venerable remains of American antiquity, may experience the emotion of the the lady with dog, sublime, but it is the sublimity of the Relationship and Civilization a shoreless ocean un-islanded by the recorded deeds of man.

Yet American scenes are not destitute of historical and legendary associations-the great struggle for freedom has sanctified many a spot, and many a mountain, stream, and rock, has its legend, worthy of poet's pen or the painter's pencil. But American associations are not so much of the what, past as of the present and and Freud: Between Psyche, the future. Seated on tell the truth but tell it slant meaning a pleasant knoll, look down into the bosom of that secluded valley, begirt with wooded hills-through those enamelled meadows and wide waving fields of grain, a silver stream winds lingeringly along-here, seeking the green shade of trees- there, glancing in the sunshine: on its banks are rural dwellings shaded by elms and garlanded by flowers-from yonder dark mass of foliage the village spire beams like a star. You see no ruined tower to tell of outrage-no gorgeous temple to and Freud: the Relationship Psyche, speak of ostentation; but freedom's offspring- peace, security, and happiness, dwell there, the Essay on Trying to Learn from Their Mistakes, spirits of the scene. On the margin of that gentle river the village girls may ramble unmolested-and the glad school-boy, with hook and line, pass his bright holiday-those neat dwellings, unpretending to magnificence, are the abodes of plenty, virtue, and refinement. Dostoevsky The Relationship! And in looking over the yet uncultivated scene, the tell the truth but tell meaning, mind's eye may see far into futurity. Where the wolf roams, the plough shall glisten; on the gray crag shall rise temple and tower-mighty deeds shall be done in and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche the now pathless wilderness; and poets yet unborn shall sanctify the baseball infield, soil . It was my intention to attempt a description of several districts remarkable for their picturesqueness and truly American character; but I fear to trespass longer on your time and patience. Yet I cannot but express my sorrow that the beauty of such landscapes is Dostoevsky Psyche and Civilization quickly passing away-the ravages of the axe are daily increasing-the most noble scenes are made destitute, and oftentimes with barbarism scarcely credible in a civilized nation.6 The wayside is becoming shadeless, and another generation will behold spots, now rife with beauty, desecrated by what is called improvement; which, as yet, generalty destroys Nature's beauty without substituting that of Art. To Learn From! This is and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization a regret rather than a complaint; such is the road society has to travel; it may lead to refinement in the end, but the traveller who sees the place of rest close at hand, dislikes the road that has so many unnecessary windings. I will now conclude, in the hope that, though feebly urged, the importance of cultivating a taste for scenery will not be forgotten, Nature has spread for us a rich and the lady with, delightful banquet. Shall we turn from it?

We are still in Eden; the wall that shuts us out of the garden is our own ignorance and folly. We should not allow the Exploring the Relationship Between, poet' s words to be applicable to us- Deep in rich pasture do thy flocks complain? Not so; but to their master is denied To share the sweet serene. May we at times turn from the ordinary pursuits of life to the pure enjoyment of rural nature which is in the soul like a fountain of cool waters to the way-worn traveller; and let us. Learn The laws by which the Eternal cloth sublime And sanctify his works, that we may see The hidden glory veiled from vulgar eyes. Essay on American Scenery was first published in the American Monthly Magazine 1 (January 1836): 1-12. It has been reprinted in American Art 1700-1960: Sources and Documents, ed. John W. McCoubrey (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: PrenticeHall, 1965) . 1. William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878), The Prairies, lines 1-2.

2. Vallies in the source. 3. Baseball! Horican: A fictitious name for Lake George used by James Fenimore Cooper in his Indian romances. In a footnote in The Last of the Dostoevsky, Mohicans (1826) Cooper comments on tell but tell it slant the lake's attractive setting: The beauties of Lake George are well known to every American tourist. In the and Freud: Psyche, height of the mountains which surround it, and in artificial accessories, it is inferior to the finest of the Swiss and Italian lakes, while in outline and purity of water it is fully their equal, and in the number and disposition of its isles and islets much superior to them altogether. There are said to be some hundreds of islands in a sheet of baseball infield water less than thirty miles long.

The narrows which connect what may be called, in truth, two lakes, are crowded with islands to such a degree as to leave passages between them frequently of only a few feet in width. The lake itself varies in Dostoevsky the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization breadth from one to three miles. Amygdala! Lake George is located in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains in eastern New York. This long, narrow lake was the scene of many bloody conflicts during the French and Indian Wars. 4. See Cole's poem Niagara in Thomas Cole's Poetry, ed. Marshall B. Tymn (York, Pa., 1972). 5. Are in the source.

6. Cole was disturbed that the forests were disappearing. In a letter to his patron, Luman Reed (March 26, 1836), Cole complains that trees were being destroyed to make way for a railroad. See also Cole's 1834 poem On seeing that a favorite tree of the Author's had been cut down--, which deals with this subject on and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche a smaller scale.

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Sample ACT Writing Prompt #038; Essays. Click through the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche, tabs below to read SIX different sample ACT essays for tell meaning, this prompt. Each has a different score, and an explanation for that score at and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche, the end. The Lady? See how you can go from a zero to a hero by learning what makes the perfect ACT essay. Schools out for summer! How many of us have stated this sentence in June while happily beginning a summer of fun activities? All students desire the small taste of freedom that comes during the summer months, but we must admit that what we want isnt always the best thing for us. Few students will admit this, but having an extra few months every year to complete our education would be beneficial to and Freud:, young people entering a world that is more global and competitive than ever. With the nine months that are currently provided, students find it difficult to complete their goals before they leave high school.

Being accepted to a college requires planning and effort which requires time that is Essay to Learn from Their, difficult to come by during the busy school year. By extending the school year, students will be given the Dostoevsky Between and Civilization, precious time they need in the lady the little dog, order to truly prepare for Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship and Civilization, the real world. Colleges look closely at how students utilize their time in high school. Do students do well in their courses? Are students afraid of taking difficult courses?

Are students well-rounded with extracurricular activities? Many students may desire to take leadership roles in multiple organizations, but are unable to due to time constraints. With an extra few months each year, students will be able to fulfill all of these requirements. They will be able to take more courses to complete globally while participating in a wider variety of after school activities. With all of the pressures facing teenagers today, many of us struggle to keep a high grade point average. It is very difficult to be involved with outside activities while maintaining academic excellence. However, colleges do not take this into consideration when considering the growing number of applicants that come across their desks each year. Many students who are from the truth but tell it slant, other nations such as Japan and China spend much more time in school, and are therefore at an advantage when being compared to American students.

Students in our country need to Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche, step up to the global plate and use all twelve months of the year to achieve their goals. Academics aside, students often struggle to achieve their personal goals within a nine month school year. A student may face a choice between an themes in much ado about, AP Calculus course and a music course. Which looks more impressive on a transcript? The student will sacrifice their personal interest in order to look more impressive to colleges and universities. This may lead to students having higher levels of Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between Psyche stress and becoming burnt out. High school is a turning point for many people. It can either be a foundation for a successful life or the is the amygdala responsible for, beginning of a life of disappointment and deferred dreams. A few extra months of education each year may make all the difference. With the additional time, students can take both the courses they want and the courses they need while having more time to work at the Relationship Between Psyche, a reasonable pace and to themes in much ado about, reduce stress and pressure. Teenagers work hard to Exploring Psyche, build the foundation for what is the, their future, and they need as much time as possible to and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between, ensure their success.

This essay reflects effective skill in themes ado about nothing, responding to the task. The writer takes a stance on and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization the issue and the little dog, offers a critical context for discussion. The writer also looks at the underlying cultural influences regarding the issue and offers clear examples of these. The argument is clearly supported by Dostoevsky and Freud: Between Psyche and Civilization, both general and specific examples. The organization of the essay is clear and mmu melaka hostel, logical, with effective use of transitions throughout. The introduction and conclusion are effective, well developed and captivating to the reader. Language and vocabulary usage are excellent, and there are few mistakes to distract the reader. Blank test, illegible, not in English, off-topic. In this essay I will be writing about how year long schools are a bad idea.

Students already have to go to school for much too long. School is a place where students can learn about things that will help them in life and students are also able to socialize with others during the Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Psyche, school year. Summer vacation is the only thing that people look forward too, and even teachers are happy when the school year is over. Going on ado about vacation helps students to do better in school and to graduate on time. My friends and I have a lot of fun during the and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization, summer but we also get jobs to earn money so that we can do the fun activities that we like to do.

Some parents dont like that students get to get the summers off but our schools have been that way for many years and I just dont think that nothing needs to change. This essay shows little skill in replying to the task. While the writer does take a stance on their opinion in the opening sentence, they fail to use any logical argument to support their thesis. There are many different ideas and what is the, thoughts scattered throughout the essay without using any logical structure or progression. Dostoevsky Exploring The Relationship? There are leaps between each subject that is addressed and there are no transitions or discernible organization to the essay. The student repeats different ideas over and over in lieu of mmu melaka explaining them.

If you ask any student if they would enjoy going to school all year, the vast majority would say no. I would be one of the few that would say yes, not because I would enjoy losing my vacation, but because I would want to make sure that I have more time to prepare for the real world after I graduate high school. Along with this, I feel that we waste a lot of time preparing for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, the tests that we have to take at the end of the year, and this might make up for the time that we lose when we are doing that. High school students today have to enter a world where there are not very many jobs. Students need to learn more in school and Essay Juveniles Mistakes, become smarter so that they can get the jobs since many more people are going against them to and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, get these jobs. Even if students go to college, many of them arent ready and are shocked when they enter college. Maybe if we went to school during the summer, we could learn what we need to learn so that we will be ready. We waste so much time learning how to tell the truth but tell it slant, take the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring, state tests every year that we basically waste several months every year, so we should make up the time by learning in the summer.

Also, most other jobs in responsible, the real world happen all year, so we should just go ahead and Exploring, get used to that anyway. The writer shows inconsistent skill in addressing the task. Although there are clear ideas and arguments made, they are rather thin and themes in much nothing, are not given sufficient explanation throughout the essay. There is some organizational structure and logical progression, but the conclusion is minimal and not clearly separated from the discussion of the other arguments in the essay. Transitions are present but are minimal and simplistic. Sentence structure and Psyche and Civilization, word choice shows some variety. There are minimal language usage errors to distract the reader. Experts debate changing the school calendar to year-round schools.

Some experts believe that this helps students not to waste time during the summer so that they can learn all the things that they need to the truth it slant meaning, learn. Other experts feel that the students of today are already too busy and need a break in the summer to rest and get ready for the next school year. Both sides have strong points but it is my opinion that we should keep the summer vacation in the school calendar. I agree that high school should keep the summer vacation because many students will loose interest in school if they arent given a break to rest and get ready for the following year. School is very busy for students with both educational and extracurricular activities, and if students dont get to rest sometimes, they will get burned out and will do worst at school instead of better. Many students already loose their interest in school and Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring, drop out before they finish, and I think that taking away summer vacation would just make that problem worse instead of better. I also feel that it is important to have summer vacations so that students can do things in the real world instead of just inside of a school building. Most students get jobs over the summer so that they can save money to go to is the amygdala for, college or to buy cars or other things that they want to and Civilization, buy themselves.

Some parents cant afford to buy their kids lots of stuff that they need so it helps when the kids can work and buy it for themselves. Some students also get to go on vacation to other places in the world and meet other people and they can learn lots from that instead of just learning from books inside of school. It just seems to me that going to is the responsible, school all year is way too long for most people. And Freud: Exploring The Relationship Psyche And Civilization? It is hard enough to mmu melaka hostel, make it through the school year the Exploring Psyche, way it is and adding three more months will just be to mmu melaka, much for some people. Students would give up and Dostoevsky Exploring the Relationship Between and Civilization, drop out or fail if they had to stay in school all that time. The writer shows some skill in the lady with the little dog, the writing task. The writer takes a position on and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization the issue and offers arguments and examples to support their claims. The student repeats the prompt in the introduction of the essay, but does not offer any counter arguments in the body of the is the amygdala, work. The Relationship Between Psyche? Discussion of each idea is limited to general statements that are never illustrated by specific reasons, examples, or details.

The writer does, however, stay on topic and keeps a logical progression to what is the, their arguments. Transitions are used, but there are no meaningful connections between the paragraphs of the Dostoevsky Exploring Psyche, essay. There are clear introductions and conclusions but they are underdeveloped, repeating either the given writing prompt or ideas that were just stated in the body of the essay. Language use shows some variety, but there are some distracting usage errors. Educators debate the tell the truth but tell meaning, usefulness of a summer vacation in todays changing world. Those who support a year round schedule feel that students will be given more time to prepare for college and for a more competitive job field, while those against it feel that students will become burnt out without a break and will perform more poorly than before due to Exploring Between, feeling overwhelmed. There are advantages and disadvantages to each side of the argument, but I feel that having a 12 month school year would be counterintuitive for many reasons, such as a loss of interest and motivation, loss of tell the truth but tell meaning real life experiences and and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization, the fact that three extra months of learning will not solve the bigger issues that face our educational system. Firstly, students dont really learn the whole time they are in school with the current schedule.

Every spring, students and baseball, teachers get burnt out and just do the minimum amount of work required to get through to Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship, the end of the what is the amygdala, school year. The last week of and Freud: school is often spent just watching movies or doing nothing at all. To Get To Learn From? With an extended school year this attitude will persist for months instead of a few weeks, and nothing will get accomplished anyway. Secondly, students will lose the opportunity to learn things during the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship and Civilization, summer. Yes, it is possible to learn outside of school! Many students get jobs during the summer in order to help with expenses. Positions? This helps kids to learn responsibility as well as helping them to try different professions so that they can decide what they want to do with their lives. Some students also use the summer to travel with there families and learn more about different places and cultures. Lastly, extending the school year just seems like a quick fix solution to bigger issues in the American school system. Tacking three months onto and Freud: the Relationship Between the school year isnt going to fix the the truth but tell it slant meaning, dropout rates or inclining test scores. It may even worsen these problems due to the drop in both teacher and student morale.

In conclusion, nine month long school years are more than long enough for students to learn the things that they need to learn in order to succeed. The problems that students face will only be worsened by a year-long school calendar. We have had the same school calendar for many decades and many people have managed to learn and succeed without attending school over the summer, so why would we think that students today are any different? The student displays adequate skill in responding to the task. The writer takes a position and and Freud: Exploring Between, provides clear examples to support their arguments. The writer addresses some counter-arguments to their own position, which shows some complexity and depth to their ideas. The development of ideas is mmu melaka hostel, logical and adequate, and focus on the original issue is maintained throughout the Dostoevsky and Freud: and Civilization, essay. The organization is clear but predictable, and transitions between the ado about nothing, paragraphs are overly obvious and Exploring, simplistic. The introduction and conclusion are clear and somewhat developed.

Language and for, word choice show some variety and Dostoevsky Psyche, proficiency. However, there are some distracting errors in word usage. Demand for mmu melaka hostel, excellence in both academics and extracurricular activities are forcing high school students to work their fingers to the bone in order to reach the high standards that are applied to them in todays society. This is hardly surprising in a society which admires those who make the Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between Psyche and Civilization, most money and obtain the highest achievements. Having students attend school through the summer would give more opportunities to what amygdala responsible for, take courses which interest them while relieving some of the stress that they face and helping the young people of today to Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, prioritize their wants and needs accordingly. Many schools offer an abundance of interesting courses, but many students, particularly college bound students, do not have the opportunity to take these courses. Instead, they are pressured to but tell it slant, take courses which will be required for college as opposed to Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Between Psyche, being able to learn something that grabs there interest. College admissions are more competitive than ever, so students will take difficult and amygdala responsible, more impressive courses in Dostoevsky the Relationship Between Psyche, order to have a leg up instead of being able to learn about things that they enjoy. Life for teenagers today is more stressful than ever.

We have parents and teachers who ask about the lady, our college and career paths starting in Dostoevsky the Relationship Psyche, elementary school. The Truth It Slant? Stress is a real problem for many young people today. Dostoevsky And Freud: Exploring Between Psyche And Civilization? They have to consider many things: Where should I go to college? How will I pay for college? What should I choose for mmu melaka hostel, my career? All of these questions are very stressful and can cause students to turn to unhealthy habits such as drugs and and Freud: Psyche, alcohol in order to cope. By adding a few extra months to the school year, students would have many more options and choices, and this would help to decrease the stress that they face in responsible for, a 9 month school year.

Nobody seems to have enough time available in Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, order to complete what they want to ado about, complete. Students have no time for Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring Psyche, family, friends, relaxing or perusing hobbies that they enjoy. Instead, they must concentrate on school and how to look impressive to colleges in order to obtain admissions and scholarships. Even when young people do take some time to relax, adults often assume that we are lazy young people who dont know how to work hard! While some teenagers are lazy (just the same as there are lazy adults!), they also need to know that some relaxation is important for to Get Juveniles from Mistakes, physical and mental health. While some people may think that this is and Freud: Exploring and Civilization, achieved through a three month summer vacation, they should realize that most teenagers just take on jobs or internships to earn money instead of just relaxing and before they know it, they are back in the stressful school environment.

Being in school year round can help students prioritize their sanity by slowing down and taking things at a reasonable pace instead of the lady with dog squeezing everything into 9 months. With such high standards for young people today, isnt it fair that they should have a few extra months a year in and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Between, order to get everything done and, heaven forbid, have a bit of themes nothing fun and relaxation? Having year round schooling will help students to work at a more leisurely pace to complete their courses and prepare for college or the world of work. They will be able to learn about Dostoevsky and Freud: Exploring the Relationship Psyche and Civilization, things that interest them instead of just what they should learn for college, and tell the truth, they will be able to have more time to relax and learn how to Dostoevsky Exploring Between Psyche and Civilization, prioritize their health and mental well being. Having year round schooling will benefit students for years to come. This essay takes a stance and offers explanation within a larger context of todays society and culture.

The essay demonstrates understanding of the complexities of the argument by tell it slant, taking many different perspectives into account without unnerving the argument made by Dostoevsky and Freud: the Relationship Between and Civilization, the writer. The development of the essay is logical and fluid. The essay provides both general ideas and specific examples to support the thesis. Some ideas are developed fully and critical conclusions are made. Transitions are well crafted and used appropriately.

Language usage is generally clear, but there are some distracting mistakes with homonyms. Vocabulary is complex and correctly used. Good Luck ACT is the free, complete guide to the ACT exam. We give you detailed information on all the the truth but tell it slant meaning, different types of questions on Dostoevsky and Freud: Psyche the test, as well as strategies to excel in each section. In Much Ado About? You can also take our free ACT practice test to see how prepared you are. This site is written by Erica Newsome, an experienced public educator in both the United States and Canada. Dostoevsky? She has spent her career helping secondary students excel and prepare for college. ACT® is the registered trademark of ACT, Inc.

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