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Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Essay

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Pepsi Vs Coke Essay Research Paper Coke. Pepsi Vs Coke Essay, Research Paper. Coke vs. Pepsi: Fighting for Foreign Markets. The soft-drink battleground has now turned toward new overseas markets. While once the United States, Australia, Japan, and Western Europe were the in the Essay dominant soft-drink markets, the growth has slowed down dramatically, but they are still important markets for Coca-Cola and the movie, Pepsi. However, Eastern Europe, Mexico, China, Saudi Arabia, and India have become the new hot spots. Both Coca-Cola and Pepsi are forming joint bottling ventures in these nations and in other areas where they see growth potential. As we have seen, international marketing can be very complex.

Many issues have to Gift be resolved before a company can even consider entering uncharted foreign waters. This becomes very evident as one begins to study the international cola wars. The domestic cola war between Coca-Cola and Pepsi is still raging. Of Fire Rising V For Vendetta Essay? However, the two soft-drink giants also recognize that opportunities for growth in many of the mature markets have slowed. Both Coca-Cola, which sold 10 billion cases of soft-drinks in 1992, and Pepsi now find themselves asking, Where will sales of the next 10 billion cases come from? The answer lies in the developing world, where income levels and Giving Medical Essay, appetites for antony and cleopatra Western products are at an all time high. Often, the company that gets into a foreign market first usually dominates that countrys market. Gift Giving Medical Industry Essay? Coke patriarch Robert Woodruff realized this 50 years ago and unleashed a brilliant ploy to and cleopatra movie make Coke the early bird in many of the major foreign markets. At the height of World War II, Woodruff proclaimed that Awherever American boys were fighting, theyd be able to get a Coke.@ By the time Pepsi tried to make its first international pitch in the 50s, Coke had already established its brand name and a powerful distribution network. In the intervening 40 years, many new markets have emerged.

In order to profit from these markets, both Coke and Gift Giving in the, Pepsi need to find ways to Dantikat's of Fire Rising V for Essay cut through all of the Gift Giving Industry Essay red tape that initially prevents them from conducting business in these markets. This paper seeks to examine these markets and the opportunities and of the King, roadblocks that lie within each. Coke and Pepsi in Russia: In 1972, Pepsi signed an Gift in the Essay, agreement with the Soviet Union which made it the first Western product to be sold to consumers in Russia. This was a landmark agreement and gave Pepsi the first-mover advantage. Presently, Pepsi has 23 plants in the former Soviet Union and is the leader in the soft-drink industry in Russia.

Pepsi outsells Coca-Cola by 6 to 1 and is seen as a local brand. Also, Pepsi must counter trade its concentrate with Russias Stolichnaya vodka since rubles are not tradable on the world market. However, Pepsi has also had some problems. Antony And Cleopatra? There has not been an increase in brand loyalty for Pepsi since its advertising blitz in Russia, even though it has produced commercials tailored to the Russian market and has sponsored television concerts. On the Gift in the Industry Essay positive side, Pepsi may be leading Coca-Cola due to the big difference in Essay on Early Childhood price between the two colas. While Pepsi sells for Rb250 (25 cents), Coca-Cola sells for Rb450. For the economy size, Pepsi sells 2 liters for Rb1,300, but Coca-Cola sells 1.5 liters for Rb1,800. Giving Medical Industry? Coca-Cola, on the other hand, only hewlett packard, moved into Russia 2 years ago and is manufactured locally in Moscow and St. Petersburg under a license.

Despite investing $85 million in these two bottling plants, they do not perceive Coca-Cola as a premium brand in the Russian market. Gift In The? Moreover, they see it as a foreign brand in Russia. Lastly, while Coca-Colas bottle and label give it a high-class image, it is Childhood, unable to capture market share. Coke and Gift in the Medical, Pepsi in Childhood Brain Development Romania: Romania is the second largest central European market after Poland, and Gift Giving Essay, this makes it a hot battleground for Coca-Cola and Pepsi. Essay Brain? When Pepsi established a bottling plant in Romania in 1965, it became the first U.S. product produced and sold in the region. Pepsi began producing locally during the communist period and Gift Giving in the Medical Industry, has recently decided to Comparing Dantikat's of Fire Rising and Moore's reorganize and retrain its local staff. Pepsi entered into a joint venture with a local firm, Flora and Quadrant, for Gift Giving Medical Essay its Bucharest plant, and has 5 other factories in Romania.

Quadrant leases Pepsi the equipment and handles Pepsis distribution. In addition, Pepsi bought 500 Romanian trucks which are also used for Essay Development distribution in other countries. Moreover, Pepsi produces its bottles locally through an investment in the glass industry. While the price of Pepsi and Coca-Cola are the same (@15 cents/bottle), some consumers drink Pepsi because Pepsi sent Michael Jackson to Romania for a concert. Another reason for drinking Pepsi is that it is Gift Giving in the Industry Essay, slightly sweeter than Coca-Cola and roxana daniel, is more suited for the sweet-toothed Romanians. Lastly, some drink Pepsi because, in Gift Giving in the Medical Essay the past, only top officials were allowed to drink it, but now everyone can. Coca-Cola only began producing locally in November 1991, but it is hewlett packard company, outselling all of its competitors. In 1992, Coca-Cola saw an increase in Gift in the Medical Industry Romania of A Wall and Moore's Essay sales by 99.2% and outsold Pepsi by 6 to 5. While Pepsi preferred to buy its equipment from Romania, Coca-Cola preferred to in the bring equipment into Romania. Also, Coca-Cola brought 2 bottlers to Romania. One is the Leventis Group, which is privately owned.

Coca-Cola has invested almost $25 million into 2 factories. These factories are double the shrek size of the factory Pepsi has in Bucharest. Moreover, Coca-Cola has a partnership with a local company, Ci-Co, in Bucharest and Brasov. Giving In The? Ci-Co has planned an aggressive publicity campaign and has sponsored local sporting and Comparing Dantikat's A Wall of Fire and Moore's Essay, cultural events. Lastly, Romanians drink Coke because it is a powerful western symbol which was once forbidden.

Coke and Pepsi in The Czech Republic: The key to success in the Czech Republic is for both Coca-Cola and Pepsi to increase the annual consumption of soft-drinks. Per capita consumption of beer, the Giving in the Medical national drink in the Czech Republic, exceeds that of soft-drinks by 3 to 1(165 liters of beer per capita of beer versus 50 liters of soft-drinks). Both companies are trying to increase their market share because distribution for both products is no longer as limited as it was in 1989. Coca-Cola and on Venom King, Pepsi face stiff competition from Gift Giving Medical Industry, domestic producers, whose products are lower-priced. Because of this, domestic producers have a market share of about 60%. Coca-Cola and Dantikat's of Fire and Moore's V for Vendetta, Pepsi each have a market share between 10%-25%. Another problem in the Czech Republic is that many people think that Coca-Cola and Pepsi are produced by the same company. Giving Medical Essay? Recently, Pepsi opened an office in Prague. Coca-Cola, on the other hand, has been trying to convince local shop owners to stock and circulate its product. The main apprehension may be that the price of Coke is antony and cleopatra movie, twice the price of locally produced colas and Giving in the Industry, a little higher than Pepsi.

Coca-Cola has arrangements with 4 domestic bottling companies and acquired a new plant in 1992 in which it has invested almost $20 million. This may be one reason why Coca-Cola is closing in on Pepsis lead in hewlett packard company the Czech Republic. Coke and Pepsi in Hungary: Traditionally, Pepsi held the lead in Hungary with a strategy of putting the infrastructure in place, upgrading it, and then marketing to the consumer. Pepsi plans to invest $115 million which includes acquiring FAU, an Eastern European bottler. Because of this, Pepsi will have greater control over distribution and quality. In May of 1993, Pepsi introduced Pepsi Light and had outdoor and television advertising blitzes. Coca Cola, on the other hand, introduced Coke Light in the beginning of 1993, but did not mention its product name during the Gift Medical first few weeks of promotional advertising.

Coca-Colas strategy was to advertise internationally for Central Europe. Hungarians saw the Always Coca-Cola commercials, along with the rest of the world, in April 1993. In 1992, Coca-Cola lead Pepsi. In addition, Coca-Cola participates in counter trade agreements with Hungary. Coca-Cola trades its concentrate for glass bottles which are exported and then sold to bottlers. Coke and hewlett company, Pepsi in Poland: Poland, with a population of 38 million people, is the biggest consumer market in central and eastern Europe.

Coca-Cola is closing in on Pepsis lead in this country with 1992 sales of 19.5 million cases versus Pepsis sales of 26.5 million cases. The main problems in Giving in the Medical Essay this area are the centralized economy, the lack of modern production facilities, a non-convertible local currency, and poor distribution. Hewlett Packard? However, since the zloty is now convertible, Coca-Cola realizes the growth potential in Poland. After Fiat, Coca-Cola is now the Giving second biggest investor in Poland. Coca-Cola has developed an investment plan which includes direct investment and joint ventures/investments with European bottling partners. Its investments may exceed $250 million, and it has completed the infrastructure building. Coca-Cola has divided Poland into 8 regions with strategic sites in each of these areas. Moreover, it has organized a distribution network to make sure its products are widely available. This distribution network, which Coca-Cola has spent a lot of money organizing, is hewlett packard, extremely important to challenge Pepsis market share and to Gift Industry Essay maintain a high level of customer service. The Movie Free? Also, Coca-Cola, like Pepsi, signed counter trade agreements with Poland.

Both trade their concentrate for Polish beer. All of Gift Essay this has helped Coca-Cola to close in on Pepsis lead in Poland. Conclusion on Eastern Europe: Both Coca-Cola and Pepsi are trying to have their colas available in as many locations in Eastern Europe, but at a cost which consumers would be willing to pay. The concepts which are becoming more important in antony movie Eastern Europe include color, product attractiveness visibility, and display quality. In addition, availability (meeting local demand by increasing production locally), acceptability (building brand equity), and Medical Essay, afford ability (pricing higher than local brands, but adapting to local conditions) are the key factors for Eastern Europe. Both companies hope that their western images and brand products will help to boost their sales. The Movie? Coca-Cola has a universal message and campaign since it feels that Eastern Europe is Gift in the Industry, part of the world and should not be treated differently. Currently, it is difficult to say who is Essay on Early Childhood, winning the cola wars since the data from the relatively new market research firms focusses on major cities. Medical Essay? Pepsi had a commanding 4 to 1 lead in 1992 in the former Soviet Union. Without this area, Coca-Cola has a 17% share versus Pepsis 12% share in A Wall of Fire Rising and Moore's V for Vendetta Essay the soft drink industry.

While both companies have been in Eastern Europe for many years, the main task now is to develop the market. Coca-Cola and Pepsi are in a dogfight, but both will end up as winners. Medical Industry? In the end, the ultimate winner will be the shrek the movie free Eastern Europeans who will have access to some of the worlds best soft drinks. Coke and Pepsi in Mexico: The Mexican government recently freed the Industry Essay Mexican soft drink market from nearly 40 years of price controls in return for roxana daniel defoe a commitment from bottling companies to invest nearly $4.5 billion and create nearly 55,000 jobs over the next 7 years. Naturally, Mexico has become another battleground in the international cola wars. In Mexico, Coca-Cola and Pepsi command 50% and 21% of the market respectively. The cola war is Gift Giving Industry Essay, especially hot here because the per capita consumption of Coca-Cola and Pepsi exceeds that of the United States (Murphy, 6). Mexico is the only soft-drink market in the world that can make this claim. The face off in hewlett company Mexico is between Gemex, the largest Pepsi bottler outside the United States, and Femsa, the Gift Giving Medical beer and soft drink company that owns the largest Coca-Cola franchise in the world.

Femsa, however, may be at a disadvantage. Despite being part of the conglomerate Grupo Vista, Femsa lacks financial punch because it plays only a small part in the conglomerates overall interests. The challenge in Mexico is to Essay win market share through distribution efficiency (Murphy, 6). With this in mind, each company is undertaking strategic efforts designed to bolster their shares of the Gift Giving Medical Industry Essay Mexican market. Pepsi is moving in on the Coke-dominated Yucatan peninsula while Femsa, the Coca-Cola franchisee, is planning to invest $600 million more for 3 new Coca-Cola plants next door to Gemexs Mexico City facilities.

The parent companies have joined the battles as well. Coca-Cola has made a $3 billion long-term commitment to the Mexican market, and Pepsi has countered with a $750 million investment of its own. Coke and Pepsi in China: Coca-Cola originally entered China in 1927, but left in 1949 when the Communists took over the country. In 1979, it returned with a shipment of Essay King 30,000 cases from Hong Kong. Pepsi, which only entered China in 1982, is Giving Medical Industry, trying to be the leading soft-drink producer in China by the year 2000. Even though Coca-Colas head start in China has given it an edge, there is plenty of room in on Early Childhood Development the country for both companies. Gift Industry Essay? Currently, Coca-Cola and Pepsi control 15% and 7% of the Chinese soft-drink market respectively. The Chinese market presents unique problems. For example, 2,800 local soft-drink bottlers, many of whom are state-owned, control nearly 75% of the Chinese market. Those bottlers located in remote areas have virtual monopolies (The Economist, 67).

The battle for China will take place in the interior regions. These areas are unpenetrated as most of the foreign soft-drink producers have set up in the booming coastal cities. Packard Company? Chinas high transportation and distribution costs mean that plants must be located close to their markets. In The Medical Essay? Otherwise, in a country of Chinas size, Coca-Cola and Pepsi risk pricing their products as luxury items. In China, it is easier and politically safer to expand through joint ventures with local bottlers. It is expected that, in China, the company that wins the roxana cola war will win based on the locations of their bottling plants and the quality of the partners they choose (The Economist, 67). Coca-Cola is bottled at 13 sites across China; five of these are state-owned.

Also, Coca-Cola owns 2 concentrate plants in China. By 1996, Coca-Cola and its joint venture partners will have invested nearly $500 million in China. Pepsi is planning a $350 million expansion plan that will add 10 new plants. Both companies are ploughing profits straight back into expansion. They reason that any returns will not come until the next century. Coke and Pepsi in Sandia Arabia: In Saudi Arabia, Pepsi is the market leader and has been for nearly a generation. Part of Gift in the Medical Essay this is due to the absence of its arch-rival, Coca-Cola.

For nearly 25 years, Coke has been exiled from the desert kingdom. Roxana Daniel? Coca-Colas presence in in the Industry Essay Israel meant that it was subject to an Arab boycott. Hewlett? Because of this, Pepsi has an 80% share of the $1 billion Saudi soft-drink market. Saudi Arabia is Pepsis third largest foreign market, after Mexico and Canada (The Economist, 86). In 1993, almost 7% of Pepsi-Cola Internationals sales came from Gift in the Essay, Saudi Arabia alone. Movie? The environment in Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Saudi Arabia makes the country very conducive to soft-drink sales: alcohol is banned, the and cleopatra movie climate is Gift in the Medical Essay, hot and dry, the Neurotoxic King population is Gift Giving Industry, growing at 3.5% a year, and the Saudis oil-based wealth make it the most valuable market in the Middle East (The Economist, 86). Coca-Cola, long known as red Pepsi, has finally started to fight back.

The battle for Saudi Arabia actually began 6 years ago, when the Arab boycott collapsed and Cobra, Coca-Cola began to make inroads into the Gulf, Egypt, Lebanon, and Jordan. Giving Essay? The start of the Gulf War, however, temporarily stunted Coca-Colas growth in the region. Pepsis 5 Saudi factories worked 24 hours a day to keep the troops refreshed. The most significant blow to Coca-Colas return to hewlett company the desert, however, came at the end of the war, when General Norman Schwarzkopf was shown signing the cease-fire with a can of diet Pepsi in Gift his hand. Coca-Cola aims to control 35% of the Essay Neurotoxic King Saudi market by the year 2000. Coca-Cola, which plans to pour over $100 million into the Saudi market, is focusing on marketing to Gift Giving in the Industry get there. Recently, it shipped some 20,000 red coolers into Saudi Arabia over the last 9 months. Also, Coca-Cola put $1 million into sponsoring the Saudi World Cup soccer team.

This alone has doubled Coca-Colas market share to and cleopatra almost 15%. Americas Reynolds Company is among the investors looking to cash in on Coca-Colas return to in the Industry Essay Saudi Arabia. Free? The company is among the Gift in the Medical investors in roxana defoe a new factory which, by 1996, will be producing 1.2 billion Coca-Cola cans per year. This equates to nearly 100 cans for every Saudi in the country. Pepsi, trying to fight off the Coca-Cola onslaught, has responded with deep discounting. Coke and Pepsi in India:

Coca-Cola controlled the Indian market until 1977, when the Janata Party beat the Congress Party of Gift Giving in the Essay then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. To punish Coca-Colas principal bottler, a Congress Party stalwart and longtime Gandhi supporter, the Janata government demanded that Coca-Cola transfer its syrup formula to company an Indian subsidiary (Chakravarty, 43). Coca-Cola balked and withdrew from the country. India, now left without both Coca-Cola and Pepsi, became a protected market. In the meantime, Indias two largest soft-drink producers have gotten rich and lazy while controlling 80% of the Indian market. These domestic producers have little incentive to expand their plants or develop the countrys potentially enormous market (Chakravarty, 43). Some analysts reason that the Giving in the Medical Industry Indian market may be more lucrative than the Chinese market. Roxana Daniel Defoe? India has 850 million potential customers, 150 million of whom comprise the middle class, with disposable income to spend on cars, VCRs, and computers.

The Indian middle class is growing at 10% per Gift, year. To obtain the license for Essay Neurotoxic Venom King India, Pepsi had to export $5 of locally-made products for every $1 of materials it imported, and it had to agree to help the Indian government to initiate a second agricultural revolution. Pepsi has also had to take on Indian partners. In the end, all parties involved seem to come out ahead: Pepsi gains access to a potentially enormous market; Indian bottlers will get to serve a market that is expanding rapidly because of Gift Medical Industry competition; and the Indian consumer benefits from the competition from abroad and will pay lower prices. Even before the first bottle of Pepsi hit the shelves, local soft drink manufacturers increased the size of their bottles by 25% without raising costs.

The new battleground for the cola wars is in the developing markets of Eastern Europe (Russia, Romania, The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland), Mexico, China, Saudi Arabia, and India. With Coca-Colas and Pepsis investments in defoe these countries, not only will they increase their sales worldwide, but they will also help to build up these economies. These long-term commitments by both companies will raise the level of competition and efficiency, and at the same time, bring value to the distribution and production systems of these countries. Many issues need to be overcome before a company can begin to Giving in the Medical Industry produce its goods in a foreign country. These issues include political, social, economic, operational, and environmental topics which must be addressed. Neurotoxic Of The King? When companies like Coca-Cola and Pepsi effectively analyze and solve these problems to everyones liking, new foreign markets can translate into lucrative opportunities in the long run. A red line in the sand, Economist, October 1, 1994, p. In The Industry Essay? 86.

Chakravarty, Subrata N. How Pepsi broke into India, Forbes, November 27, 1989, pp. 43-44. Clifford, Mark. How Coke Excels, Far Eastern Economic Review, December 30, 1993- January 6, 1994, p. 39. Coke v Pepsi, The Economist, January 29, 1994, pp. 67-68. DeNitto, Emily. Pepsi, Coke think international for future growth, Advertising Age, October 3, 1994, p. 44.

Murphy, Helen. Cola war erupts in Mexico, Corporate Finance, May 1993, pp. 6-7. Quelch, John A., Erich Joachimsthaler, and Jose Luis Nueno, After the Wall: Marketing Guidelines for Eastern Europe, Sloan Management Review, Winter 1991, pp. 82-93. Selling in roxana daniel Russia: The march on Moscow, The Economist, March 10, 1995, pp.

65-66. Stevens, Clifford. Soft drink wars: Pepsi vs Coke, Central European, July/August 1993, pp. 29-35. Winters, Patricia and Scott Hume. Gift In The Medical Industry? Pepsi, Coke: Art of deal-making, Advertising Age, February 19, 1990, p. Hewlett? 45.

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Academia , Doctor of Philosophy , Graduate school 940 Words | 2 Pages. ESSAYS BEGIN WITH A THESIS STATEMENT What is a thesis statement? A single sentence that summarizes your main idea How do . you create a thesis statement? Two Parts: (1) Topic + (2) Opinion = Thesis Statement The good, the bad, the ugly Good thesis statements are clear, to the point sentences with enough detail to make the main idea of the essay unmistakable and the writers opinions obvious. Bad thesis statements may make the main idea and Gift Giving Medical Essay, writers opinion obvious, but the. Critical thinking , Edgar Allan Poe , Essay 637 Words | 3 Pages. V For Essay! CHAPTER 3 Methods and Gift in the Medical, Procedure This chapter presents the antony movie, methods to be used in the study. It also describes the subjects of the Giving Medical Industry Essay, study, . the instruments used, the hewlett, procedure of the Gift Giving Medical Industry, data gathering, and statistical statement treatment of the data. This study will determine the effectiveness of Advanced Trigonometric Functions Angle Converter on mobile phones in High School students by comparing the students performance in antony and cleopatra their examination and Industry Essay, evaluation scores and roxana daniel, the teachers evaluation. Arithmetic mean , Euler's formula , Mathematics 959 Words | 4 Pages. he main objective of this thesis is to see whether value premium is present in the Indian stock market since the liberalization of it in the . early 1990s.

Additionally, I look into Giving Medical Industry Essay, the reasons for defoe, the value premium whether it can be explained by higher levels of fundamental risk and classical (also called modern) financial theory or can the reasons for Gift Giving in the Medical Essay, market inefficiencies be based on irrationality of market participants and the groundwork of packard behavioral finance theorists. The concept of rationality. Contrarian investing , Economics , Finance 1835 Words | 6 Pages. cause/effect relationship in the thesis Organize the body of your essay to fit the cause/effect relationship you are analyzing. For an . essay that examines one effect with multiple causes I. Introduction A. Please write out Giving in the Industry Essay, your thesis statement using a complete sentence. II. Body paragraph #1 Topic sentence identifies cause#1 A. supporting details (details=examples/textual support) B. supporting details C. Essay Childhood Development! concluding sentence III. Gift Giving Medical Industry! Body paragraph #2 Topic sentence identifies cause #2 . Linguistics , Predicate , Rhetoric 475 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction to King Cobra the Thesis Statement: American History A thesis expresses the judgment of someone who has thoughtfully examined . a body of evidence on a topic . It is an informed and Industry Essay, debatable statement that is the foundation of any effective expository writing or research project. A thesis statement makes a claim or expresses a point of view that others might disagree with. Thesis statement = topic + debatable point of view (based on evidence) A five-point scale is often used in social research. Abolitionism , Ancient Greece , Ancient Rome 567 Words | 3 Pages. ?A FEW MORE TOPICS THESIS EXAMPLES TOPIC : body piercing BAD: Body piercing is popular among kids nowadays. . BETTER: Body piercing among contemporary youth represents the latest form of rebelling against authority that previous generations manifested in smoking, getting tattoos, and daniel defoe, wearing mini-skirts.

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We refer to that condensation as a thesis statement. Why Should Your Essay Contain a Thesis Statement? to test your ideas by distilling them into a sentence or two to better organize and Essay of the King, develop your argument to provide your reader with a guide to in the Medical Essay your argument . Elementary school , English-language films , Family 1522 Words | 7 Pages. the mother is ovulating and as a result when the roxana defoe, sperm is fertilized the egg. 2) Briefly explain the process of conception? Ovulation, Development of . Corpus Luteum, Release of Egg, Menses, Fertilization, Implantation, Pregnancy Hormones. 3 ) What is DNA? DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in Gift Giving humans and almost all other organisms. Nearly every cell in a persons body has the Essay on Early Brain Development, same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus but a small amount of DNA can also be found. Blood , Embryo , Embryology 804 Words | 3 Pages.

Write a strong thesis statement! What is a thesis statement? ? ? It is Essay, usually a single sentence at the end of hewlett packard your first . paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the Gift Essay, paper, the body of the essay, gathers and shrek free, organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of Gift in the Medical your interpretation. The thesis statement is the Brain, road map of your paper, directing you as you write it and guiding the reader through it. Do ? ? ? ? Dont ? ? ? ? Know your essays type.

Make a statement. American Civil War , Essay , Question 467 Words | 2 Pages. The Thesis Statement This is not an Giving in the Medical exhaustive list of bad thesis statements, but here're five kinds of shrek free problems I've seen . most often. Gift Giving In The Medical Industry Essay! Notice that the Essay on Neurotoxic Venom of the Cobra, last two, #4 and #5, are not necessarily incorrect or illegitimate thesis statements, but, rather, inappropriate for the purposes of Gift Giving Industry this course. They may be useful forms for papers on different topics in other courses. 1. The non- thesis thesis . On Early Brain Development! A thesis takes a position on an issue. It is different from Giving in the, a topic sentence in that a. Argument , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Freedom of speech 966 Words | 5 Pages. Receivable/Payable, Inventory, Reservation, Library, etc. Systems, the general area which may be discussed is Information Systems. 2. Roxana Daniel! . For Expert Systems, CAIs, ICAIs, ITSs, etc., the general area is Artificial Intelligence. 3 . For Editor Softwares, Utility Softwares, Compilers, etc., the general area is Software Technology.

4. For Multimedia Systems, Geographical Information Systems, Hypertext, etc., these are the in the Medical, actual general areas. Antony Movie! B. The. Rapid application development , Requirements analysis , Research 1233 Words | 6 Pages. M.A. Thesis in Communication Step by Gift Giving Industry Essay, Step Guide DRAFT: August 27, 2002 Part I: Committee Proposal 1. Venom Of The King Cobra! Get a copy of the UNC . Thesis Manual from the graduate school.

2. Select an area of study within the communication discipline. 3 . Read the literature in the area you have chosen. Focus your reading on communication journals. 4. Develop a thesis statement or research purpose statement. 5. Schedule an appointment during with faculty who have expertise in your chosen area. Academia , Doctor of Philosophy , Proposal 1434 Words | 5 Pages. ?Andrew borganti 12/15/14 Think of this part of the introduction as a bridge between the hook and your thesis statement.

Your bridge may be . Gift Giving In The! characterized by: two to four sentences background information necessary for Comparing of Fire and Moore's V for Vendetta Essay, your reader to understand the topic explanations of the importance of the topic Effective Introduction Worksheet Instructions: Copy and paste the following text into a document or create a document that contains the same information. Complete the following steps and your introduction. African American , Black people , Leo Tolstoy 929 Words | 3 Pages. introduce your topic and Giving, provide a thesis statement. Typically, these two tasks should be accomplished using only one paragraph . for a short paper, but can be longer for longer papers. First, introduce your topic . The introductory paragraph(s) should briefly orient the reader to the topic and movie, provide a conceptual map of the rest of the paper. Your thesis statement is the main point of your paper and should address the paper topic assigned by your instructor.

Second, provide a thesis statement. Industry Essay! Paper , Paragraph , Pilcrow 896 Words | 3 Pages. phoenix mall Mumbai) 3 . Thesis on shrek the movie, Jail , case study on (banglore jail, belgaum jail) 4. Thesis on institute of . archaeology , case study on (archaeological museum hampi) 5. Design of EXHIBITION 6. Restructuring the sukhna lake 7. Thesis on Gift Essay, film city, case study on (DADA SAHEB PHALKE CHITRANAGRI MUMBAI, RAMOJI FILM CITY HYDERABAD) 8. CENTRE FOR THE INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC, CASE STUDY ON (KALA ACADMY GOA, NRITYAGRAM BANGLORE, NATIONAL CENTRE FOR PERFORMING ARTS MUMBAI,) 9. THESIS ON INFOTAINMENT MALL. Bus station , Bus stop , Chandigarh 1434 Words | 4 Pages. SERVICE OF COFFEE BEAN AND TEA LEAF IN TRINOMA MALL, QUEZON CITY An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The College of Tourism and . Hospitality Management Asian College of Science and Technology In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Hospitality Management Von Ryan N. Essay Childhood! Visco March 2012 CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE This is to certify that this undergraduate thesis entitled Analysis of customer service of Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf and submitted. Bachelor's degree , Caffeine , Coffee 602 Words | 4 Pages. Gift In The Medical Industry! research, you are essentially making an argument. Packard! You are arguing that your perspective-an interpretation, an Giving Medical Industry evaluative judgment, or a critical . evaluation-is a valid one.

A debatable thesis statement Like any argument paper you have ever written for Essay on Early Brain Development, a first-year composition course, you must have a specific, detailed thesis statement that reveals your perspective, and, like any good argument, your perspective must be one which is debatable. Examples You would not want to make an argument of this sort: . Bibliography , Essay , Modern Language Association 1174 Words | 4 Pages. customers and achieve Organizational Effectiveness. In advance, the students are extending our deepest gratitude for considering their request. Gift Giving In The Medical Industry! Thank you . and God Bless. Respectfully, Alejandro G. On Venom! Esperanza Ed. D Research and Thesis Writing Professor Prof. Mario S. Nillo Thesis Adviser Site Based Management and Organizational Effectiveness of Selected Managers and employees of Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Food Related-Business in Taguig City Input: 1. Shrek The Movie! What are demographic and Giving in the Industry, employment profile of respondents? 1.1 Name 1. Antony And Cleopatra Movie! Greenwich Pizza , Jollibee 437 Words | 6 Pages. researcher gathered all the data that she found necessary contributed to the study. Instrument The researcher used the questionnaire to Gift sum up the . individual perception of all the shrek the movie free, respondents of the study. After searching about the topic , the questions were formulated then edited and finalize the final copy. It was distributed to the students to answer.

Data Gathering Procedure After producing the copy, a permission was asked from the principal. And after the approval. Fornication , Gather , High school 295 Words | 3 Pages. Giving Essay! ? THESIS STATEMENTS A thesis statement is the main idea ( topic ) of an company essay. It is in the Medical Industry Essay, often a point you want to . argue or support in an essay. It contains your opinion/attitude towards a topic . The thesis statement explains to a reader the main idea of the essay, and the writers opinion on that idea. A thesis statement is one sentence in the introductory paragraph of the essay. A thesis statement is a claim that could be argued. The essay will contain evidence and opinions that support the.

Abuse , Bullying , Humiliation 1063 Words | 5 Pages. Printer Friendly Version Thesis Abortion is a totally unacceptable, cruel and unethical practice and should be considered illegal . except under some special cases and medical circumstances that indicate a danger to roxana the mother. Our judicial system must consider the in the Medical Industry Essay, ethical and moral aspects of abortion as an intrinsic part of the problem when approaching this social issue. The recent banning of the partial birth abortion is A Wall Vendetta Essay, a huge stride in the positive direction. Introduction . Abortion , Abortion in Gift Giving Essay the United States , Human rights 1266 Words | 7 Pages. Company! How to Generate a Thesis Statement if the Giving Medical, Topic is Assigned.

Almost all assignments, no matter how complicated, can be reduced . to a single question. Shrek The Movie Free! Your first step, then, is to distill the assignment into a specific question. For example, if your assignment is, Write a report to the local school board explaining the potential benefits of using computers in Giving in the Industry a fourth-grade class, turn the request into on Early, a question like, What are the potential benefits of using computers in Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Essay a fourth-grade class?. Elementary school , English-language films , Family 1351 Words | 6 Pages. your THESIS STATEMENT which addresses the test prompt shown above. Be sure to underline this thesis statement. Shrek Free! If you desire, you . Gift Medical Industry! may begin this paragraph with a hook sentence. However, this is not required. (2) Body Paragraph 1: Using the assigned article (reading) for support In this paragraph, you should begin with a clear topic sentence with a controlling idea. Remember, this is your FIRST REASON which supports your thesis statement. Be sure to follow the sentence structure of packard a topic sentence.

Ageing , Ageism , Death 953 Words | 3 Pages. ? A thesis is a concise statement of your argument, usually written in Giving Medical Industry one sentence. And Cleopatra! It must be more than simply a restatement of the Giving Industry Essay, . topic you are addressingit should let the reader know about the conclusions you have reached in the process of your reading and research. As Mary Lynn Rampolla writes, A thesis is roxana daniel, not a statement of fact, a question, or an opinion, although it is sometimes confused with all these things. Neither is a thesis the same as the topic . A thesis informs the reader. African slave trade , Arab slave trade , Atlantic slave trade 927 Words | 3 Pages. baby thesis about students' last minute syndrome. THE REASON WHY THE SELECTED HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT OF LANGKAAN II NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL PREFER TO ACCOMPLISH THEIR WORKS IN RUSH SY 2013-2014 . A BABY THESIS AS PART OF THE REQUIREMENTS IN ENGLISH IV Research Objectives This research study is entitled THE REASON WHY THE SELECTED HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT OF LANGKAAN II NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL PREFER TO ACCOMPLISH THEIR SCHOOL WORKS IN RUSH SY: 2013-2014 aims to: 1. Know the reasons why the students. College , Education , Education in the United States 743 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis Statement Example 1 In this example of Gift in the Medical Essay thesis statement, the emphasis of the study is to find a correlation, either . positive or negative, between Mozarts music and short term memory. This is an example of a research paper with data observation and analysis. The observations were recorded by on of the King, running ANOVA and Post Hoc tests to compute values for the variables. The goal was to Gift Giving Industry Essay find a positive correlation between the two variables.

For that a hypothesis was tested that was proven to be negative. Causality , Correlation does not imply causation , Economics 770 Words | 3 Pages. THESIS /SAD/SDD/IRM PROJECT DOCUMENTATION FORMAT I. TITLE PAGE . A Wall Rising V For! I. ADVISERS RECOMMENDATION SHEET PANELS APPROVAL SHEET . Business analysis , Requirement , Requirements analysis 3350 Words | 21 Pages. APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled Effectiveness of Gift Medical Industry Video Lessons in Social Studies on the Performance of Sophomore Students in Tomas . Claudio Memorial College, prepared and company, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Secondary Education by Ralph Luigi Yap, is hereby recommended for corresponding oral examination. March 12,2013 Mr. Marlon Pabilonia Adviser Approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Bachelor. Chemistry , Education , Experiment 962 Words | 5 Pages.

Module 3 HomeworkModule 3 HomeworkSteven McCordAllied. ?Module 3 Homework Module 3 Homework Steven McCord Allied American University Author Note This paper was . prepared for COM120, Homework 3 taught by Katherine Tracy. PART I: SHORT RESPONSE Write a response to the following prompt using proper APA Style. Prompt: You will consider the types of Giving in the supporting material available and identify ones that will help you prove your main points and thesis statement. Step 1: Review the Childhood, information presented in Module 3 that explores types of. Gift Giving In The Medical Essay! Elementary school , High school , Homework 1415 Words | 6 Pages. Roxana Defoe! 112 Topic Selection Prewriting with Perspective Summary Week 5 This weeks goal is to begin collecting information and in the Industry Essay, planning for the movie, the final . Commentary essay by reading, thinking, and engaging with your topic . As you determine your topic , youll want to be sure its viable by Gift Industry Essay, understanding the roxana defoe, perspectives within it and determining what unique angle you can offer to the conversation.

Under each prompt or question below, provide detailed information that shares information about your topic . 1. 16 and Pregnant , Abortion , Adolescence 957 Words | 3 Pages. Lord of the Flies Essay Topics Topic 1. Socio-political allegory * Thesis : William Golding uses . socio-political allegory in the Lord of the Gift Industry Essay, Flies to establish a microcosm reflecting the idea that governments are not fundamentally bad, but if they are maintained poorly, it can lead to the downfall of its people. As it did within the story when the islands initial democratic government the the movie free, children establish revolutionizes to Giving Essay dictatorship which inadvertently leads to the deterioration of civilisation. Allegory , Democracy , Dictatorship 1766 Words | 5 Pages. Baby Thesis About Family Relationship. this instrument were also part of the objectives. In order to answer these different goals and aims, the researcher opted to company obtain the view of Gift in the those . first year cadets and other cadets from NYK-TDG Maritime Academy who were in line with this topic . Specifically, a total of 10 respondents from the three year levels within the locale of the study were randomly selected to make up the hewlett company, sample. Selected respondents answered a survey questionnaire structure in Likert format. Giving Medical! Data gathered from this. Cousin , Gather , Quantitative marketing research 735 Words | 3 Pages. MALAYAN COLLEGES LAGUNA MALAYAN COLLEGES LAGUNA (5 spaces) Thesis Title (Font 14, boldfaced, Uppercase lowercase) (5 spaces) . Students Name (Font 12) Thesis Adviser: Advisers Name, Title Department (5 spaces) A thesis proposal submitted to Mapua Institute of Technology at Laguna Malayan Colleges Laguna Cabuyao, Laguna (6 spaces) In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Bachelor of Science in hewlett packard company Industrial Engineering (5 spaces) April 2014 . Academic publishing , Grammatical tense , Laguna 1851 Words | 7 Pages.

Assignments 20% -Presentation - 10% -Mid-term Test 20% Final Examination 50% Instructions for Gift Giving, Individual Assignments 1. You are . required to prepare 2 individual assignments on the movie, any of the 10 topics given. 2. Length of assignments should be about 5 pages (minimum) 3 . Assignments should include the following items: Cover page Table of contents Introduction Content Conclusion Bibliography Compiling Bibliography Reference for a book . Giving In The Essay! ASCII , Comma , Kuala Lumpur 596 Words | 5 Pages. ? Topic 3 Discussion Question 2 Traditionally, nutrition programs were targeted to the indigent and poor populations in developing . countries. Many of Comparing A Wall Rising and Moore's V for Vendetta Essay today's Americans are malnourished also, but they are inundated with unhealthy foods and require a multidisciplinary approach to nutrition education. What would be the three most important points to include in a public nutrition program? Provide current literature to support your answer and Giving Industry, include two nutritional education community resources.

Malnourishment. Coronary artery disease , Eating , Food 680 Words | 4 Pages. University Graduate Council Thesis and defoe, Project Report Format Guidelines UGC approved: April 28, 2006 This guide is designed to provide . Giving Medical! graduate students with the formatting requirements for all theses and company, project reports. It covers structure, layout, form, and Medical, style. Departments may use additional requirements that do not conflict with the Essay Neurotoxic Venom of the Cobra, guidelines provided in this document. 1. Gift! Thesis and Project Report Arrangement Assemble the thesis /project report in this order: 1. Cover page. Arabic numerals , Footnote , Grammatical number 1181 Words | 5 Pages. Thesis Documentation for Digital Arts. iACADEMY Thesis Manual As of Essay on Neurotoxic Venom of the 05 October 2010 This manual is being developed with the objective of guiding the Gift Giving Essay, students of Comparing Dantikat's Rising V for Essay . the Digital Arts Program to successfully deliver thesis projects on time. Comments and Gift in the Medical, suggestions are continually welcome for the betterment of this manual. Comparing Dantikat's Of Fire V For Vendetta Essay! Effectivity Term: 2nd Trimester, SY 2010-2011 Table of Contents BSIT Thesis Manual Thesis Proposal Outline.

Book design , Following , Methodology 1266 Words | 7 Pages. Scientific Research and Guide for Gift in the Industry Essay, Thesis Writing. Research Study / Thesis / Dissertation 1. What are the contents of Chapter 1 of the Comparing V for Essay, thesis ? 2. Give the guidelines in . writing the introduction. 3 . Gift Giving Medical Essay! How are the problems, assumptions, and hypotheses stated? 4. Give the guidelines in writing the importance of the study. 5. How should terms be defined?

6. How is the study delimited? 7. What is the on Venom of the, meaning of conceptual framework? How is it constructed? Answers: About CHAPTER II of Research / Research Study / Thesis / Dissertation . Doctor of Philosophy , Greek loanwords , Meaning of life 387 Words | 3 Pages.

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American Literature/Colonial Period (1620s-1776) American Literature, defined here as it traditionally has been to be the Medical Industry Essay literature of the A Wall and Moore's V for Essay United States, or as written on Gift Giving in the, land that would one day become the United States, has as its beginning date 1583, the year the Essay on Early Childhood Brain earliest English writing explorers started to write about the new continent. Some date the end of the Colonial Period as early as 1763, the start of the French and Indian War, the results of which set in motion a chain of Gift Giving in the events that led the antony movie colonies to seek independence from Great Britain. Others set it as late as 1789, the year the U.S. In The Industry Essay. Constitution went into effect.

This text splits the difference by using 1776, the Essay Venom King year the Giving Medical Industry Declaration of Independence was signed, as the cutoff year for the period. Comparing Dantikat's Of Fire Rising Vendetta. This year is a guideline not a rigidly held cutoff. The writing of the period varied greatly in terms of quality and subject, but less so in terms of genre. Giving Medical Industry Essay. For the sake of classification, in fact, all of the literature of the period can be broken down into just ten genres: Not all of A Wall V for Vendetta Essay these genres span the Giving Essay entire period, although a few do. Many American literature textbooks cover the colonial period genre by genre.

The danger in doing this is time distortion. This period of literature spans almost 300 years, longer by far than all of the other periods of literature put together. The other problem with covering this period by genre is that many of its most famous writers wrote in more than one genre, so the same writer must be considered multiple times. A final disadvantage is the proximity of many of the genres to another genre. For example, how different can a work in philosophy be from a religious tract when a religious background is assumed by the author? Many political writers touch heavily on history, and vice versa. Given these considerations, it is on Venom, more fruitful to cover this period diachronically while keeping possible genres in mind. Aside from span of time, another consideration that makes this period unique from in the Medical Industry Essay all the others is that the writers in this period had no idea they were writing anything that could be classified as American literature.

These writers were mostly British, and all were heavily indebted to British literature writing conventions long since established in the motherland. Comparing Dantikat's Rising Vendetta. No other period of American literature is as derivative of Gift Industry English literature as the Comparing Dantikat's Rising and Moore's Vendetta colonial period. Relation to English Literature Edit. The British claimed most of the Atlantic seaboard north of Gift in the Medical Florida as belonging to Britain soon after Columbus discovered land across the Atlantic Ocean. Hewlett Packard. Henry VII sent John Cabot to Gift Giving Industry, chart out the regions or provinces of the heathen and infidel, whatsoever they may be as early as 1497. However, circumstances never arose for England to make good on her claims until late during Elizabeth's reign. When England finally did establish her first permanent settlement in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia, and a few years later in roxana daniel defoe Massachusetts, her primary motives were: The literature produced in the part of America known as the United States did not begin as an independent literature. England bestowed on the earliest settlers the in the Medical Industry English language, books, and shrek free modes of thought. England had an established literature long before the first permanent settlement across the Atlantic was considered. Shakespeare, for example, had died only four years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.

For nearly two hundred years after the Gift in the first English settlements in America, the majority of the works read there were written by English authors. The hard struggle necessary to obtain a foothold in a wilderness was not favorable to the early development of a literature. Those who remained in England could not clear away the forest, till the soil, and contend with Indians, but they could write the books and send them across the ocean. The early settlers were for the most part content to allow English authors to do this. For these reasons it is unsurprising that early American literature does not match in antony movie quality that produced in England during the same period. When Americans began to Industry, write in larger numbers, there was at first close adherence to packard, English models. For a while it seemed as if American literature would be only a feeble imitation of Gift Industry Essay these models. The Movie Free. Beginning in the eighteenth century, that started to change and some colonial writing was considered to have merit in Gift Giving Medical its own right. The literature of England gained something from America as well.

As early as the nineteenth century, English critics, like John Addington Symonds, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Edward Dowden, have testified to the power of the democratic element in American literature and Essay on Venom King willingly admitted that without a study of Cooper, Poe, and Hawthorne no one could give an adequate account of the landmarks of achievement in fiction written in English. French critics too have always admired Poe. In a certain field Poe and Hawthorne occupy a unique place in the world's achievement. Nor are men like Herman Melville and Mark Twain common in any literature. Some of the reasons why American literature developed along original lines and thus conveyed a message of Giving Industry Essay its own to the world are to be found in antony movie the changed environment and the varying problems and ideals of American life. Even more important than the Gift Medical changed ways of earning a living and the difference in climate, animals, and scenery were the struggles leading to the Revolutionary War, the formation and guidance of the Republic, and the Civil War. All these combined to give individuality to American thought and Brain literature.

In 1607 the first permanent English colony within the present limits of the United States was planted at Gift Giving in the Medical Essay, Jamestown in Virginia. The colony was founded for commercial reasons by the London Company, an organization formed to the movie, secure profits from colonization. The colonists and the company that furnished their ship and outfit expected large profits from the gold mines and the precious stones which were believed to await discovery. Of course, the adventurers were also influenced by the honor and Gift Medical the romantic interest which they thought would result from a successful settlement. When the expedition sailed from England in December, 1606, Michael Drayton, an Elizabethan poet, wrote verses dedicated To the Virginian Voyage. These stanzas show the reason for sending the colonizers to packard company, Virginia: The majority of the early Virginian colonists, however, were unfit for their task. Contemporary accounts tell of the many unruly gallants, packed hither by their friends to escape ill destinies. In The. Beggars, vagabonds, indentured servants, kidnapped girls, even convicts, were sent to hewlett packard company, Jamestown. After the execution of Charles I in 1649, and Gift Essay the setting up of the Puritan Commonwealth, many of the royalists, or Cavaliers, as they were called, came to Virginia to escape oppressive Puritan rule. They became the antony ancestors of Presidents and Giving Medical Industry Essay statesmen, and of many of the aristocratic families of the South.

The ideals expressed by Captain John Smith, the leader and preserver of the Jamestown colony, are worthy to rank beside those of the colonizers of New England. Looking back at his achievement in Virginia, he wrote, Then seeing we are not born for ourselves but each to help other . Seeing honor is our lives' ambition . and seeing by no means would we be abated of the dignities and glories of our predecessors; let us imitate their virtues to Essay King, be worthily their successors. The Puritans Colonize New England Edit. During the period from 1620 to 1640, large numbers of English people migrated to Giving in the Medical Industry Essay, that part of America now known as New England. These emigrants were not impelled by hope of wealth, or ease, or pleasure. They were called Puritans because they wished to purify the shrek the movie free Church of England from what seemed to them great abuses; and the purpose of in the these men in emigrating to America was to lay the foundations of a state built upon roxana daniel defoe, their religious principles. Giving In The Medical Industry Essay. These people came for an intangible something--liberty of shrek free conscience, a fuller life of the spirit--which has never commanded a price on any stock exchange in the world. They looked beyond. These Puritans had been more than one century in the making. Giving Essay. We hear of them in the time of Wycliffe (1324-1384). Henry VIII formed the roxana Church of England in 1534.

Opposed by in the Industry Essay, Catholics and some Protestant religious groups, some could not reconcile their beliefs to worship in antony England's official church. For these dissenting Protestants, their religion was a constant command to put the unseen above the seen, the eternal above the temporal, to satisfy the aspiration of the spirit. They would not accommodate the Gift Giving Industry perceived Romishe taint that remained in the Church of England. James I (reigned 16031625) told them that he would harry them out of the kingdom unless they conformed to the rites of the Established Church. His son and antony and cleopatra movie successor Charles I (reigned 16251649) called to his aid Archbishop Laud (15731645), a bigoted official of that church. Laud hunted the dissenting clergy like wild beasts, threw them into prison, whipped them in the pillory, branded them, slit their nostrils, and mutilated their ears. John Cotton, pastor of the Giving church of Boston, England, was told that if he had been guilty only of an infraction of certain of the Ten Commandments, he might have been pardoned, but since his crime was Puritanism, he must suffer.

He had great trouble in escaping on a ship bound for the New England Boston. Professor Tyler says: New England has perhaps never quite appreciated its great obligations to Archbishop Laud. It was his overmastering hate of nonconformity, it was the vigilance and vigor and consecrated cruelty with which he scoured his own diocese and afterward all England, and hunted down and hunted out the ministers who were committing the unpardonable sin of dissent, that conferred upon the principal colonies of New England their ablest and roxana daniel defoe noblest men. It should be noted that the Puritan colonization of New England took place in a comparatively brief space of Gift Giving Medical Industry Essay time, during the twenty years from 1620 to 1640. Antony And Cleopatra. Until 1640 persecution drove the Puritans to New England in multitudes, but in that year they suddenly stopped coming. During the one hundred and twenty-five years following that date, more persons, it is supposed, went back from the New to the Old England than came from the Old England to the New, says Professor Tyler. The year 1640 marks the assembling of the Long Parliament, which finally brought to Gift Giving in the Industry Essay, the block both Archbishop Laud (1645) and King Charles I (1649), and chose the great Puritan, Oliver Cromwell, to lead the Commonwealth. The leading men in the colonization of Virginia and New England were born in the reign of Queen Elizabeth (15581603), and they and their descendants showed on this side of the Comparing Rising Vendetta Essay Atlantic those characteristics which made the Elizabethan age preeminent. In the first place, the Gift Medical Essay Elizabethans possessed initiative.

This power consists, first, in having ideas, and secondly, in passing from the ideas to the suggested action. Some people merely dream. The Elizabethans dreamed glorious dreams, which they translated into action. Essay On Neurotoxic Venom. They defeated the Spanish Armada; they circumnavigated the globe; they made it possible for Gift in the Shakespeare's pen to mold the thought and to influence the actions of the world. If we except those indentured servants and apprentices who came to America merely because others brought them, we shall find not only hewlett packard company that the first colonists were born in an age distinguished for its initiative, but also that they came because they possessed this characteristic in Giving Essay a greater degree than those who remained behind. It was easier for the majority to stay with their friends; hence England was not depopulated. Development. The few came, those who had sufficient initiative to Giving in the Industry, cross three thousand miles of Comparing and Moore's unknown sea, who had the Gift Giving in the Essay power to dream dreams of a new commonwealth, and the will to embody those dreams in action.

In the second place, the Elizabethans were ingenious, that is, they were imaginative and resourceful. Impelled by antony and cleopatra, the mighty forces of the Reformation and the Revival of Learning which the England of Elizabeth alone felt at one and the same time, the Gift Medical Industry Elizabethans craved and obtained variety of Essay on experience, which kept the fountainhead of Gift Giving Industry ingenuity filled. It is instructive to follow the lives of Elizabethans as different as Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Raleigh, Captain John Smith, and roxana daniel John Winthrop, and to note the in the Medical Industry varied experiences of each. Yankee ingenuity had an Elizabethan ancestry. The hard conditions of the New World merely gave an opportunity to free, exercise to the utmost an ingenuity which the colonists brought with them. In the third place, the Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Essay Elizabethans were unusually democratic; that is, the different classes mingled together in on Neurotoxic Venom of the King Cobra a marked degree.

This intermingling was due in part to increased travel, to Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Essay, the desire born of the New Learning, to live as varied and as complete a life as possible, and to the absence of overspecialization among individuals. This chance for varied experience with all sorts and conditions of men enabled Shakespeare to speak to all humanity. All England was represented in his plays. When the Reverend Thomas Hooker, born in the last half of Elizabeth's reign, was made pastor at Hartford, Connecticut, he suggested to his flock a democratic form of government much like that under which we now live. American life and hewlett company literature owe their most interesting traits to these three Elizabethan qualities: initiative, ingenuity, and democracy. The Cambridge University graduate, the cooper, cloth-maker, printer, and blacksmith had the initiative to set out for the New World, the ingenuity to deal with its varied exigencies, and the democratic spirit that enabled them to work side by side, no matter how diverse their former trades, modes of life, and social condition. The hero of the Gift Giving Medical Industry Jamestown colony, and its savior during the first two years, was Captain John Smith, born in Willoughby, Lincolnshire, in 1579, twenty-four years before the death of Elizabeth and thirty-seven before the death of Shakespeare. Smith was a man of Elizabethan stamp: active, ingenious, imaginative, craving new experiences.

While a mere boy, he could not stand the tediousness of ordinary life, and so betook himself to the forest where he could hunt and Essay on Neurotoxic Venom of the Cobra play knight. In the first part of his young manhood he crossed the Channel, voyaged in the Mediterranean, fought the Turks, killing three of them in single combat, was taken prisoner and enslaved by the Tartars, killed his inhuman master, escaped into Giving Medical Essay, Russia, went thence through Europe to Africa, was in desperate naval battles, returned to England, sailing thence for Virginia, which he reached at the age of twenty-eight. He soon became president of the Jamestown colony and labored strenuously for shrek its preservation. The first product of his pen in America was A True Relation of Virginia , written in 1608, the year in which John Milton was born. Gift In The Medical. The last work written by Smith in America is entitled: A Map of Virginia, with a Description of the Country, the Commodities, People, Government, and Religion . His description of the Comparing Indians shows his capacity for quickly noting their traits:

Smith has often been accused of boasting, and some have said that he was guilty of Gift in the Medical Industry Essay great exaggeration or something worse, but it is certain that he repeatedly braved hardships, extreme dangers, and captivity among the Indians to provide food for the colony and to survey Virginia. After carefully editing Captain John Smith's Works in a volume of 983 pages, Professor Edwin Arber says: For [our] own part, beginning with doubtfulness and wariness we have gradually come to the unhesitating conviction, not only roxana defoe of Smith's truthfulness, but also that, in regard to all personal matters, he systematically understates rather than exaggerates anything he did. Although by far the greater part of Smith's literary work was done after he returned to England, yet his two booklets written in America entitle him to a place in colonial literature. He had the Elizabethan love of achievement, and he records his admiration for those whose 'pens writ what their swords did.' He was not an artist with his pen, but our early colonial literature is the richer for his rough narrative and for the description of Gift in the Industry Virginia and the Indians. In one sense he gave the antony movie Indian to literature, and that is his greatest achievement in literary history. Who has not heard the Giving in the Essay story of his capture by the Indians, of his rescue from torture and death, by the beautiful Indian maiden, Pocahontas, of her risking her life to save him a second time from Indian treachery, of her bringing corn and preserving the colony from famine, of her visit to Dantikat's Rising V for Vendetta, England in Gift Giving in the Industry 1616, a few weeks after the death of Shakespeare, of her royal reception as a princess, the on Neurotoxic Cobra daughter of an Indian king, of Smith's meeting her again in London, where their romantic story aroused the admiration of the court and the citizens for the brown-eyed princess? It would be difficult to say how many tales of Indian adventure this romantic story of Pocahontas has suggested. Giving In The Industry. It has the honor of being the first of on Early Childhood Brain Development its kind written in the English tongue.

Did Pocahontas actually rescue Captain Smith? In his account of his adventures, written in Virginia in Gift Essay 1608, he does not mention this rescue, but in daniel defoe his later writings he relates it as an actual occurrence. When Pocahontas visited London, this story was current, and there is in the Medical Industry Essay, no evidence that she denied it. Roxana. Professor Arber says, To deny the truth of the Pocahontas incident is to Gift in the Medical Essay, create more difficulties than are involved in its acceptance. But literature does not need to ask whether the story of Hamlet or of Pocahontas is true. If this unique story of American adventure is a product of Captain Smith's creative imagination, the literary critic must admit the captain's superior ability in producing a tale of such vitality. If the story is Venom, true, then our literature does well to remember whose pen made this truth one of the most persistent of our early romantic heritages. Giving In The Medical Essay. He is defoe, as well known for Gift Essay the story of Pocahontas as for all of his other achievements.

The man who saved the and cleopatra Virginia colony and Gift Giving in the Essay who first suggested a new field to the writer of Comparing Dantikat's A Wall and Moore's American romance is rightly considered one of the most striking figures in our early history, even if he did return to England in less than three years and end his days there in 1631. American literature is widely considered to begin with Captain John Smith. It is best to read him in in the Medical his own words in order to form your own judgements. Fortunatley, his works are available for shrek the movie free free on the Internet. Visit the following URLs, read as much of Smith as interests you, and we'll see you when you return in order to continue our voyage through American literature: A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Happened in Virginia (1608) http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/jamestown-browsemod?id=J1007 An Accidence, or The Pathway to Experience Necessary for all Young Seamen (1626) is not available currently online. Gift Industry Essay. A technical manual, Smith's short pamphlet on seamanship is illustrated with incidents from his own experiences. It would be enlarged as A Sea Grammar in 1627.

Advertisements for the Unexperienced Planters of New England, or Anywhere (1631) http://www.archive.org/details/advertisementsfo00smit Captain James Smith was not the only Englishman writing in the colonies in the early seventeenth century. William Strachey, a contemporary of Shakespeare and Essay on Neurotoxic of the secretary of the Virginian colony, wrote at Jamestown and sent to London in 1610 the manuscript of Gift Medical Essay A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Kt., upon and from the Dantikat's A Wall of Fire Rising and Moore's V for Islands of the Bermudas . This is a story of shipwreck on Gift Giving in the Medical Essay, the Bermudas and of escape in small boats. The book is memorable for the description of a storm at sea, and it is Dantikat's A Wall Rising V for Vendetta, possible that it may even have furnished suggestions to Shakespeare for The Tempest . If so, it is Gift Giving in the Medical Essay, interesting to compare these with what they produced in Shakespeare's mind. Strachey tells how the Dantikat's A Wall Vendetta Essay sea swelled above the clouds and gave battle unto heaven. Gift Giving In The Industry Essay. He speaks of an apparition of a little round light, like a faint star, trembling and streaming along with a sparkling blaze, half the height upon the main mast, and shooting sometimes from shroud to shroud. Essay Venom Of The King. Ariel says to Prospero: Strachey voices the current belief that the Giving Medical Bermudas were harassed by tempests, devils, wicked spirits, and other fearful objects. Shakespeare as Ferdinand with fewer words intensify Strachey's picture: The possibility that incidents arising out of Virginian colonization may have turned Shakespeare's attention to the still vex'd Bermoothes and given him suggestions for one of his great plays lends added interest to Essay on Neurotoxic King Cobra, Strachey's True Repertory.

But, aside from Shakespeare, this has an interest of its own. It has the Anglo-Saxon touch in depicting the wrath of the sea, and it shows the character of the early American colonists who braved a wrath like this. As was the case with Captain Smith, William Strachey's work too is Gift Medical, available on the Internet. Enjoy reading your fill and we'll see you upon roxana, your return. A true reportory of the wracke, and redemption of Sir THOMAS GATES Knight original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown.

A True Reportory of the Wreck and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in Virginea Britannia. Lawes Divine, Morall and Giving Medical Essay Martiall, c. Free. original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in Virginia Brittannia: Laws Divine, Moral and Martial, etc. modern-spelling version at Giving in the Medical, Virtual Jamestown. Comparing A Wall Rising Vendetta. The Historie of Travaile Into Virginia Britannia at Google Books.

A Dictionary of Powhatan at in the Industry Essay, Google Books. During his stay in the colony as its treasurer, he translated ten books of Ovid's Metamorphoses , sometimes working by the light of a pine knot. This work is rescued from the Essay Neurotoxic Venom of the class of in the Essay mere translation by antony and cleopatra, its literary art and Gift in the Medical Essay imaginative interpretation, and it possesses for roxana defoe us an additional interest because of its nativity amid such surroundings. Two lines telling how Philemon. show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.

He himself says of this version that it was bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to Gift Essay, bring it to light, instead of the shrek free muses. He was read by both Dryden and Pope in their boyhood, and the form of in the Medical Essay their verse shows his influence. The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers . This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon (1676), a young Virginian patriot and military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of Bacon and his rebellion. These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in free colonial poetry: Clerk of the Council of Virginia, he published in London in Giving Medical Essay 1705 a History and Present State of Virginia . This is today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. Essay On. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for what has come to be known as southern hospitality: Colonel William Byrd (1674-1744) Edit. A wealthy Virginian, he was commissioned by the Virginian colony to run a line between it and North Carolina.

He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in the Year 1728 . This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding. This selection describes the Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: These two selections show that American literature, even before the Revolution, came to Gift Giving in the Essay, be something more than an imitation of English literature. No critic could say that they might as well have been written in Essay on Venom King Cobra London as in Gift Giving Medical Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form. A Wall V For Vendetta. Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In addition to improvement in form, we may note the Gift Giving Essay appearance of Essay Neurotoxic of the Cobra a new quality: humor. In The Medical Essay. America's earliest writers have few traces of humor because colonization was a serious life and death affair to them. After the founding of the Plymouth colony in 1620, Virginia and New England developed along different lines. In New England there were more dwellers in towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and more literature.

The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the Puritans had fought the Stuart kings and packard had approved a Commonwealth. In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an increasing power in the political history of the country. The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class. It was long the fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home. New England started a printing press, and was printing books by 1640. In 1671 Sir William Berkeley, governor of Gift Giving Industry Essay Virginia, wrote, I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and Essay on Early Development heresy and sects into the world, and printing has developed them. Producers of literature need the stimulus of town life. The South was chiefly agricultural. The plantations were large, and the people lived in far greater isolation than in New England, where not only the town, but more especially the church, developed a close social unit. One other reason served to make it difficult for a poet of the plowman type, like Robert Burns, or for an author from the Giving general working class, like Benjamin Franklin, to arise in the South.

Labor was thought degrading, and the laborer did not find the same chance as at the North to learn from close association with the intelligent class. The reason for this is given by Colonel William Byrd, from whom we have quoted in the preceding section. He wrote in 1736 of the leading men of the South: William Bradford was born in 1590 in the Pilgrim district of England, in the Yorkshire village of Austerfield, two miles north of Essay on of the King Scrooby. While a child, he attended the religious meetings of the Puritans. At the age of eighteen he gave up a good position in the post service of England, and crossed to Holland to Giving in the, escape religious persecution. Antony Movie. His History of Plymouth Plantation is not a record of the Puritans as a whole, but only of that branch known as the Pilgrims, who left England for Holland in 1607 and Essay 1608, and who, after remaining there for nearly twelve years, had the initiative to be the first of Childhood their band to come to the New World, and to settle at Plymouth in 1620. For more than thirty years he was governor of the Gift Industry Plymouth colony, and he managed its affairs with the Comparing of Fire Rising and Moore's V for Vendetta discretion of a Washington and the zeal of Gift Medical a Cromwell. His History tells the story of the Pilgrim Fathers from the time of the formation of their two congregations in England, until 1647. In 1897 the United States for the first time came into possession of the manuscript of this famous History of roxana daniel defoe Plymouth Plantation , which had in some mysterious manner been taken from Boston in colonial times and had found its way into the library of the Lord Bishop of London. Few of the Giving Medical Industry Essay English seem to have read it.

Even its custodian miscalled it The Log of the Mayflower, although after the ship finally cleared from England, only five incidents of the voyage are briefly mentioned: the death of a young seaman who cursed the Pilgrims on the voyage and made sport of their misery; the Childhood Development cracking of one of the main beams of the ship; the washing overboard in a storm of a good young man who was providentially saved; the death of a servant; and the sight of Cape Cod. On petition, the Lord Bishop of London generously gave this manuscript of 270 pages to the Commonwealth of Gift in the Medical Massachusetts. Defoe. In a speech at Industry, the time of its formal reception, Senator Hoar eloquently summed up the packard subject matter of the Gift in the Medical volume as follows: In addition to giving matter of unique historical importance, Bradford entertains his readers with an account of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian, of Miles Standish capturing the lord of misrule at Merrymount, and of the failure of an experiment in roxana daniel tilling the soil in common. Bradford says that there was immediate improvement when each family received the full returns from working its own individual plot of ground. He thus philosophizes about this social experiment of the Pilgrims:

Both the Gift Giving Medical Essay subject matter of the early colonial prose in this manuscript compare favirably with that produced in England at the same time. On March 29, 1630, John Winthrop made the first entry in on Early Childhood his Journal on board the ship Arbella, before he left the Gift in the Isle of Wight for Massachusetts Bay. This Journal was to continue until a few months before his death in 1649, and was in after times to receive the dignified name of History of defoe New England , although it might more properly still be called his Journal , as its latest editor does indeed style it. John Winthrop was born in the County of Suffolk, England, in 1588, the year of the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Gift Giving In The Industry Essay. He was a wealthy, well-educated Puritan, the owner of broad estates. As he paced the deck of the Arbella , the company night before he sailed for Massachusetts, he knew that he was leaving comfort, home, friends, position, all for liberty of conscience.

Few men have ever voluntarily abandoned more than Winthrop, or clung more tenaciously to their ideals. After a voyage lasting more than two months, he settled with a large number of Puritans on the site of modern Boston. For the principal part of the time from his arrival in 1630 until his death in 1649, he served as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Not many civil leaders of any age have shown more sagacity, patriotism, and tireless devotion to duty than John Winthrop. His Journal is a record of contemporaneous events from 1630 to 1648. The early part of this work might with some justice have been called the Gift Giving in the Medical Essay Log of the Arbella . TRANSLITERATION OF FACSIMILE OF WINTHROP'S JOURNAL ANNO DOMINI 1630, MARCH 29, MONDAY. EASTER MONDAY.

The entry for Monday, April 12, 1630, is: The following entry for June 5, 1644, reflects an interesting side light on the government of shrek Harvard, our first American college: Another entry for 1644 tells of one William Franklin, condemned for causing the death of his apprentice: Winthrop relates how Franklin appealed the case when he was found guilty, and Giving in the Medical Industry how the Puritans inflicted the death penalty on him after searching the Bible for a rule on which to base their decision. The most noticeable qualities of this terrible story are its simplicity, its repression, its lack of striving after effect. Winthrop, Bradford, and Bunyan had learned from the antony and cleopatra movie 1611 version of the Bible to Gift in the Medical, be content to present any situation as simply as possible and to rely on the facts themselves to secure the effect. Winthrop's finest piece of prose, Concerning Liberty , appears in an entry for the year 1645. He defines liberty as the power to do that which is good, just, and Childhood honest. This liberty you are to stand for, with the hazard, not only of your goods, but of your lives, if need be. Winthrop saw clearly what many since his day have failed to see, that a government conducted by the people could not endure, if liberty meant more than this. Winthrop's Journal records almost anything which seemed important to the colonists.

Thus, he tells about storms, fires, peculiar deaths of Gift in the Industry Essay animals, crimes, trials, Indians, labor troubles, arrival of ships, trading expeditions, troubles with England about the charter, politics, church matters, events that would point a moral, like the selfish refusal of the hewlett packard company authorities to loan a quantity of gunpowder to Gift Industry, the Plymouth colony and the subsequent destruction of that same powder by an explosion, or the drowning of on Early Brain a child in the well while the parents were visiting on Sunday. In short, this Journal gives valuable information about the civil, religious, and domestic life of the early days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Gift Giving In The. The art of modern prose writing was known neither in Essay England nor in America in Winthrop's time. The wonder is that he told the story of this colony in such good form and Giving in the Medical Industry Essay that he still holds the interest of the reader so well. William Bradford and John Winthrop were governors of two religious commonwealths.

We must not forget that the Puritans came to America to secure a higher form of spiritual life. In the reign of Elizabeth, it was thought that the Revival of the movie Learning would cure all ills and unlock the Medical Essay gates of happiness. This hope had met with disappointment. Then Puritanism came, and ushered in on Early Childhood Brain a new era of spiritual aspiration for something better, nobler, and more satisfying than mere intellectual attainments or wealth or earthly power had been able to secure. The Puritans chose the Bible as the guidebook to their Promised Land.

The long sermons to which they listened were chiefly biblical expositions. The Puritans considered the saving of the soul the most important matter, and Medical Essay they neglected whatever form of culture did not directly tend toward that result. Hewlett. They thought that entertaining reading and other forms of amusement were contrivances of the devil to turn the soul's attention away from the Bible . Even beauty and art were considered handmaids of the Evil One. The Bible was read, reread, and Gift Giving in the Industry Essay constantly studied, and it took the Essay Brain Development place of secular poetry and prose. The New England Puritan believed in in the Medical Essay the theology of John Calvin, who died in 1564. His creed, known as Calvinism, emphasized the importance of the shrek free individual, of life's continuous moral struggle, which would land each soul in heaven or hell for all eternity. In the New England Primer , the children were taught the first article of belief, as they learned the letter A: Calvinism stressed the doctrine of foreordination, that certain ones, the elect, had been foreordained to be saved. Medical Essay. Thomas Shephard (16051649), one of the great Puritan clergy, fixed the mathematical ratio of the roxana daniel damned to the elect as a thousand to one. On the physical side, scientists have pointed out a close correspondence between Calvin's creed and the theory of evolution, which emphasizes the desperate struggle resulting from the survival of the fittest.

The fittest are the elect; those who perish in the contest, the damned. Gift In The Medical. In the evolutionary struggle, only the few survive, while untold numbers of the unfit, no matter whether seeds of plants, eggs of fish, human beings, or any other form of life, go to the wall. In spite of the antony and cleopatra apparent contradiction between free will and foreordination, each individual felt himself fully responsible for the saving of his soul. A firm belief in this tremendous responsibility made each one rise the stronger to meet the other responsibilities of life. Civil responsibility seemed easier to one reared in this school. The initiative bequeathed by Elizabethan times was increased by the Puritans' religion. Although there were probably as many university men in proportion to the population in early colonial Massachusetts as in England, the strength and direction of their religious ideals helped to turn their energy into activities outside the field of Gift pure literature. In course of time, however, Nathaniel Hawthorne appeared to give lasting literary expression to this life.

The clergy occupied a leading place in both the civil and religious life of New England. They were men of energy and ability, who could lead their congregations to Holland or to the wilds of shrek New England. For the purpose in hand the world has never seen superior leaders. Many of Gift Giving Industry them were graduates of Cambridge University, England. On Early Development. Their great authority was based on character, education, and natural ability. A contemporary historian said of John Cotton, who came as pastor from the old to the new Boston in 1633, that whatever he delivered in the pulpit was soon put into Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Essay, an order of court . or set up as a practice in the church. The sermons, from two to four hours long, took the place of magazines, newspapers, and modern musical and theatrical entertainments. The church members were accustomed to roxana daniel defoe, hard thinking and in the Medical they enjoyed it as a mental exercise. Their minds had not been rendered flabby by such a diet of miscellaneous trash or sensational matter as confronts modern readers.

Many of the congregation went with notebooks to record the different heads and the most striking thoughts in the sermon, such, for roxana daniel defoe instance, as the following on the dangers of idleness: The sermons were often doctrinal, metaphysical, and extremely dry, but it is a mistake to conclude that the clergy did not speak on topics of current interest. Winthrop in his Journal for 1639 relates how the Rev. John Cotton discussed whether a certain shopkeeper, who had been arraigned before the Gift Giving court for extortion, for having taken in some small things, above two for one, was guilty of sin and should be excommunicated from the church, or only publicly admonished. Cotton prescribed admonition and he laid down a code of ethics for the guidance of sellers. With the exception of Roger Williams (1604?-1683), who had the modern point of view in insisting on complete soul liberty, on the right of hewlett every man to think as he pleased on Gift Giving in the Medical Industry, matters of religion, the daniel Puritan clergy were not tolerant of other forms of worship. They said that they came to New England in order to Giving Medical Industry Essay, worship God as they pleased. They never made the slightest pretense of establishing a commonwealth where another could worship as he pleased, because they feared that such a privilege might lead to a return of the persecution from which they had fled. If those came who thought differently about religion, they were told that there was sufficient room elsewhere, in Rhode Island, for instance, whither Roger Williams went after he was banished from Salem. Comparing Of Fire Rising V For Essay. The history of the Puritan clergy would have been more pleasing had they been more tolerant, less narrow, more modern, like Roger Williams.

Yet perhaps it is best not to complain overmuch of the strange and somewhat repellent architecture of the bridge which bore us over in the the stream dividing the desert of royal and ecclesiastical tyranny from the Promised Land of our Republic. Company. Let us not forget that the clergy insisted on popular education; that wherever there was a clergyman, there was almost certain to be a school, even if he had to teach it himself, and that the clergy generally spoke and acted as if they would rather be free among the dead than slaves among the living. The trend of Puritan theology and the hard conditions of life did not encourage the production of poetry. The Puritans even wondered if singing in church was not an exercise which turned the mind from God. The Reverend John Cotton investigated the question carefully under four main heads and six subheads, and he cited scriptural authority to show that Paul and Gift Medical Silas ( Acts , xvi., 25) had sung a Psalm in the prison.

Cotton therefore concluded that the Psalms might be sung in hewlett packard company church. The divines in the country joined to translate into Industry Essay, English metre the whole book of antony and cleopatra Psalms from the original Hebrew, and Gift Giving in the Medical they probably made the worst metrical translation in existence. In their preface to this work, known as the Essay Brain Bay Psalm Book (1640), the first book of verse printed in the British American colonies, they explained that they did not strive for a more poetic translation because God's altar needs not our polishings. The following verses from Psalm 87 are a sample of the Gift in the Medical Industry so-called metrical translation which the Comparing A Wall of Fire Rising Vendetta Essay Puritans sang: This Harvard graduate and Puritan preacher published in 1662 a poem setting forth some of the Gift Giving Medical tenets of Calvinistic theology. This poem, entitled The Day of Doom, or a Poetical Description of the Comparing A Wall of Fire Great and Giving Last Judgment , had the largest circulation of any colonial poem. The following lines represent a throng of company infants at the left hand of the final Judge, pleading against the sentence of infant damnation: Wigglesworth represents the Almighty as replying: When we read verse like this, we realize how fortunate the Puritanism of Old England was to have one great poet schooled in Gift in the Medical Industry Essay the love of both morality and roxana daniel defoe beauty.

John Milton's poetry shows not only his sublimity and high ideals, but also his admiration for beauty, music, and art. Wigglesworth's verse is inferior to much of the ballad doggerel, but it has a swing and a directness fitted to catch the Gift Giving in the Medical Industry popular ear and to lodge in the memory. While some of his work seems humorous to Essay on Early Childhood Brain, us, it would not have made that impression on the early Puritans. Gift Medical Industry Essay. At the Essay of the King same time, we must not rely on verse like this for our understanding of their outlook on life and death. Beside Wigglesworth's lines we should place the epitaph, Reserved for a Glorious Resurrection, composed by the great orthodox Puritan clergyman, Cotton Mather (p. 46), for his own infant, which died unbaptized when four days old. It is well to remember that both the Gift in the Puritans and shrek the movie their clergy had a quiet way of believing that God had reserved to himself the final interpretation of his own word. Colonial New England's best poet, or The Tenth Muse, as she was called by Gift in the Medical, her friends, was a daughter of the Puritan governor, Thomas Dudley, and became the wife of another Puritan governor, Simon Bradstreet, with whom she came to New England in 1630. Although she was born before the death of Shakespeare, she seems never to have studied the Essay Childhood Development works of that great dramatist. Her models were what Milton called the fantastics, a school of poets who mistook for manifestations of Industry poetic power, far-fetched and strained metaphors, oddities of expression, remote comparisons, conceits, and strange groupings of thought. She had especially studied Sylvester's paraphrase of The Divine Weeks and Works of the French poet Du Bartas, and probably also the on Venom of the Cobra works of poets like George Herbert (15931633), of the English fantastic school.

This paraphrase of Du Bartas was published in Gift in the Essay a folio of 1215 pages, a few years before Mrs. Bradstreet came to America. Essay On Venom Cobra. This book shows the taste which prevailed in England in Gift Giving Medical Essay the latter part of the first third of the seventeenth century, before Milton came into the ascendancy. The fantastic comparison between the Spirit Eternal, brooding upon chaos, and a hen, is daniel, shown in these lines from Du Bartas: A contemporary critic thought that he was giving her early work high praise when he called her a right Du Bartas girl. In The Industry. One of her early poems is The Four Elements , where Fire, Air, Earth, and Water. Such a debate could never be decided, but the subject was well suited to antony and cleopatra movie, he fantastic school of poets because it afforded an opportunity for much ingenuity of argument and for far-fetched comparisons, which led nowhere. Late in Giving Essay life, in her poem, Contemplations , she wrote some genuine poetry, little marred by imitation of the fantastic school. Spenser seems to have become her master in later years.

No one without genuine poetic ability could have written such lines as: These lines show both poetic ease and power: The comparative excellence of her work in such an atmosphere and amid the domestic cares incident to on Neurotoxic of the King Cobra, rearing eight children is remarkable. In 1647, Nathaniel Ward, who had been educated for the law, but who afterward became a clergyman, published a strange work known as The Simple Cobbler of Agawam, in America willing, as the sub-title continues, to help mend his native country, lamentably tattered, both in the upper leather and Giving Medical Essay sole, with all the honest stitches he can take. He had been assistant pastor at Agawam (Ipswich) until ill health caused him to resign. He then busied himself in compiling a code of Comparing of Fire and Moore's V for Vendetta laws and in other writing before he returned to Medical Industry, England in 1647. The following two sentences from his unique book show two points of the Essay Venom Cobra religious faith of the Puritans: (1) the Giving Essay belief in a personal devil always actively seeking the destruction of mankind, and (2) the daniel defoe assumption that the vitals of the elect are safe from the mortal sting of sin.

He is often a bitter satirist, a sort of colonial Carlyle, as this attack on woman shows: He does not hesitate to in the, coin a word. The preceding short selection introduces us to nugiperous and nudiustertian. Next, he calls the women's tailor-made gowns the very pettitoes of infirmity, the giblets of perquisquilian toys. The spirit of a reformer always sees work to be done, and Ward emphasized three remedies for mid-seventeenth-century ills: (1) Stop toleration of departure from religious truth; (2) banish the frivolities of women and men; and on Early Development (3) bring the Gift Giving Industry civil war in England to a just end. In proportion to the population, his Simple Cobbler , designed to mend human ways, was probably as widely read as Carlyle's Sartor Resartus in the movie later days. In criticism, Ward deserves to Gift Giving Industry Essay, be remembered for these two lines: There was born in 1652 at Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England, a boy who sailed for New England when he was nine years old, and roxana defoe who became our greatest colonial diarist.

This was Samuel Sewall, who graduated from Harvard in 1671 and finally became chief justice of Massachusetts. His Diary runs with some breaks from 1673 to Gift in the Medical Essay, 1729, the year before his death. Good diaries are scarce in any literature. Hewlett Packard. Those who keep them seldom commit to Gift in the Medical, writing many of the most interesting events and secrets of their lives. This failing makes the of Fire and Moore's Essay majority of diaries and Gift Giving Industry Essay memoirs very dry, but this fault cannot be found with Samuel Sewall. His Diary will more and more prove a mine of Neurotoxic Venom Cobra wealth to the future writers of our literature, to our dramatists, novelists, poets, as well as to our historians. The early chronicles and stories on which Shakespeare founded many of his plays were no more serviceable to him than this Diary may prove to a coming American writer with a genius like Hawthorne's. In Sewall's Diary we at Gift Medical Industry, once feel that we are close to life. The following entry brings us face to face with the children in a Puritan household:

Sewall was one of the shrek free seven judges who sentenced nineteen persons to be put to death for witchcraft at Salem. After this terrible delusion had passed, he had the manliness to rise in church before all the members, and after acknowledging the blame and shame of his decision, call for prayers that God who has an unlimited authority would pardon that sin. Sewall's Diary is best known for its faithful chronicle of his courtship of Mrs. Catharine Winthrop. Gift Giving In The Essay. Both had been married twice before, and roxana daniel defoe both had grown children. He was sixty-nine and she fifty-six. Gift Giving In The Medical. No record of any other Puritan courtship so unique as this has been given to Essay Childhood Brain Development, the world.

He began his formal courtship of Mrs. Winthrop, October 1, 1720. Gift Giving In The. His Diary contains records of each visit, of what they said to each other, of the Sermons, cake, and Essay on Early Childhood gingerbread that he gave her, of the healths that he drank to her, the lump of sugar that she gave him, of Giving in the Medical Industry Essay how they went into on Early Childhood Brain, the best room, and clos'd the shutters. Acute men have written essays to account for the aristocratic Mrs. Winthrop's refusal of Gift in the Medical Chief-Justice Sewall. Company. Some have said that it was due to Gift in the Medical Industry, his aversion to slavery and to his refusal to allow her to movie, keep her slaves.

This episode is only a small part of Gift Medical Essay a rich storehouse. The greater part of the Diary contains only the raw materials of literature, yet some of it is real literature, and it ranks among the great diaries of the world. LIFE AND PERSONALITY. Cotton Mather, grandson of the Essay on Neurotoxic Venom of the Cobra Reverend John Cotton (p. 14), and the most distinguished of the Gift Giving old type of Dantikat's Rising and Moore's Puritan clergymen, was born in in the Boston and died in his native city, without ever having traveled a hundred miles from it.

He entered Harvard at the age of eleven, and took the Essay Development bachelor's degree at fifteen. His life shows such an overemphasis of certain Puritan traits as almost to presage the coming decline of clerical influence. He says that at the age of only Giving Medical seven or eight he not only composed forms of prayer for his schoolmates, but also obliged them to pray, although some of them cuffed him for his pains. At fourteen he began a series of fasts to crucify the flesh, increase his holiness, and on Neurotoxic Venom of the King Cobra bring him nearer to God. He endeavored never to waste a minute. In The Medical Industry Essay. In his study, where he often worked sixteen hours a day, he had in large letters the sign, BE SHORT, to greet the eyes of visitors.

The amount of Comparing Dantikat's and Moore's Vendetta Essay writing which he did almost baffles belief. Gift Medical Industry. His published works, numbering about packard company four hundred, include sermons, essays, and books. During all of his adult life, he also preached in Gift Giving in the the North Church of roxana daniel defoe Boston. He was a religious fantastic, that is, he made far-fetched applications of religious truth. A tall man suggested to him high attainments in Christianity; washing his hands, the desirability of a clean heart. Although Cotton Mather became the most famous clergyman of colonial New England, he was disappointed in two of his life's ambitions. Gift Industry Essay. He failed to become president of Harvard and to bring New England back in religious matters to the first halcyon days of the Dantikat's A Wall of Fire and Moore's V for Vendetta colony. On the contrary, he lived to see Puritan theocracy suffer a great decline. His fantastic and Gift Essay strained application of religious truth, his overemphasis of many things, and especially his conduct in on Cobra zealously aiding and abetting the Salem witchcraft murders, were no mean factors in causing that decline. His intentions were certainly good. He was an apostle of altruism, and he tried to improve each opportunity for doing good in Gift Giving everyday life.

He trained his children to do acts of kindness for other children. His Essays to antony and cleopatra movie, Do Good were a powerful influence on the life of Benjamin Franklin. Cotton Mather would not have lived in vain if he had done nothing else except to help mold Franklin for the service of his country; but this is only one of Gift Giving in the Industry Essay Mather's achievements. We must next pass to his great work in literature. This prose epic of New England Puritanism, the most famous of Mather's many works, is a large folio volume entitled Magnalia Christi Americana: or the Ecclesiastical History of shrek the movie free New England . Giving Medical Industry. It was published in London in 1702, two years after Dryden's death. The book is a remarkable compound of free whatever seemed to the author most striking in early New England history.

His point of view was of course religious. The work contains a rich store of biography of the Giving Medical Essay early clergy, magistrates, and Essay on Early Childhood Brain governors, of the lives of eleven of the clerical graduates of Harvard, of the faith, discipline, and government of the New England churches, of remarkable manifestations of the divine providence, and of the Way of the Lord among the churches and the Indians. We may today turn to the Magnalia for vivid accounts of early New England life. Mather has a way of Gift in the Medical Essay selecting and expressing facts in such a way as to cause them to on Neurotoxic of the King, lodge in the memory. These two facts about John Cotton give us a vivid impression of the influence of the early clergy: We read that the daily vocation of Thomas Shepard, the first pastor at Medical Industry, Cambridge, Massachusetts, was, to quote Mather's noble phrase, A Trembling Walk with God.

He speaks of the daniel choleric disposition of Thomas Hooker, the great Hartford clergyman, and says it was useful unto him, because he had ordinarily as much government of his choler as a man has of a mastiff dog in a chain; he 'could let out his dog, and pull in his dog, as he pleased.' Some of Mather's prose causes modern readers to wonder if he was not a humorist. He says that a fire in the college buildings in some mysterious way influenced the President of Gift in the Industry Essay Harvard to shorten one of his long prayers, and gravely adds, that if the devotions had held three minutes longer, the Colledge had been irrecoverably laid in ashes. One does not feel sure that Mather saw the humor in this demonstration of practical religion. It is also doubtful whether he is intentionally humorous in roxana daniel his most fantastic prose, such, for instance, as his likening the Reverend Mr. Partridge to the bird of that name, who, because he had no defence neither of beak nor claw, took a flight over Gift in the Medical Essay the ocean to escape his ecclesiastical hunters, and finally took wing to become a bird of paradise, along with the winged seraphim of shrek the movie free heaven. Such fantastic conceits, which for Giving Medical Essay a period blighted the literature of the leading European nations, had their last great exponent in Essay on Venom of the King Cotton Mather. Minor writers still indulge in these conceits, and find willing readers among the uneducated, the tired, and those who are bored when they are required to do more than skim the surface of things. John Seccomb, a Harvard graduate of 1728, the Giving year in which Mather died, then gained fame from such lines as: but the best prose and poetry have for a long time won their readers for other qualities. Even the taste of the the movie free next generation showed a change, for Cotton Mather's son, Samuel, noted as a blemish his father's straining for Gift Giving Medical Essay far-fetched and dear-bought hints. Cotton Mather's most repellent habit to modern readers is his overloading his pages with quotations in foreign languages, especially in Latin.

He thus makes a pedantic display of his wide reading. He is not always accurate in his presentation of historical or biographical matter, but in spite of all that can be said against the Magnalia , it is shrek the movie, a vigorous presentation of much that we should not willingly let die. In fact, when we read the early history of Giving Medical New England, we are frequently getting from the Magnalia many things in changed form without ever suspecting the source. LIFE AND WRITINGS. Jonathan Edwards, who ranks among the world's greatest theologians and antony metaphysicians, was born in 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut.

Like Cotton Mather, Edwards was precocious, entering Yale before he was thirteen. The year previous to his going to college, he wrote a paper on spiders, showing careful scientific observation and argument. This paper has been called one of the rarest specimens of precocious scientific genius on record. At fourteen, he read Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding , receiving from it, he says, higher pleasure than the most greedy miser finds when gathering up handfuls of silver and gold from some newly discovered treasure. Gift Giving In The Industry Essay. Before he was seventeen, he had graduated from Yale, and he had become a tutor there before he was twenty-one. Like Dante, he had a Beatrice. Thinking of her, he wrote this prose hymn of a maiden's love for the Divine Power:

Jonathan Edwards thus places before us Sarah Pierrepont, a New England Puritan maiden. Hewlett Packard Company. To note the similarity of thought between the Old Puritan England and the New, let us turn to the maiden in Milton's Comus: Unlike Dante, Edwards married his Beatrice at Industry, the age of Comparing A Wall of Fire V for seventeen. In 1727, the year of his marriage, he became pastor of the church in Northampton, Massachusetts. With the aid of his wife, he inaugurated the greatest religious revival of the century, known as the Giving Medical Essay Great Awakening, which spread to other colonial churches, crossed the ocean, and stimulated Wesley to roxana defoe, call sinners to repentance. Early in life, Edwards formed a series of Giving in the Industry resolutions, three of which are:

To live with all my might, while I do live. Never to do anything, which, if I should see in on Early Childhood Brain Development another, I should count a just occasion to despise him for, or to think any way the more meanly of him. Never, henceforward, till I die, to Gift Giving Industry, act as if I were any way my own, but entirely and altogether God's. He earnestly tried to keep these resolutions until the end. After a successful pastorate of twenty-three years at Northampton, the church dismissed him for no fault of his own. Like Dante, he was driven into exile, and he went from Northampton to the frontier town of Stockbridge, where he remained for seven years as a missionary to the Indians. His wife and daughters did their utmost to add to the family income, and some contributions were sent him from Scotland, but he was so poor that he wrote his books on Neurotoxic of the King Cobra, the backs of letters and on the blank margins cut from newspapers. His fame was not swallowed up in the wilderness. Princeton College called him to Giving Industry Essay, its presidency in 1757. He died in that office in 1758, after less than three months' service in defoe his new position. His wife was still in Stockbridge when he passed away.

Tell her, he said to his daughter, that the uncommon union which has so long subsisted between us has been of such a nature as I trust is spiritual, and therefore will continue forever. In September of the same year she came to lie beside him in the graveyard at Princeton. In 1900, the church that had dismissed him one hundred and fifty years before placed on its walls a bronze tablet in his memory, with the Gift Giving in the Medical noble inscription from Malachi ii, 6. As a writer, Jonathan Edwards won fame in three fields. He is (1) America's greatest metaphysician, (2) her greatest theologian, and (3) a unique poetic interpreter of the universe as a manifestation of the divine love. His best known metaphysical work is The Freedom of the Will (1754).

The central point of this work is Essay Neurotoxic Venom of the, that the will is determined by the strongest motive, that it is repugnant to reason that one act of the will should come into existence without a cause. Essay. He boldly says that God is free to do only what is and cleopatra movie, right. Edwards emphasizes the higher freedom, gained through repeated acts of the right kind, until both the Gift Giving Industry Essay inclination and Essay Neurotoxic King Cobra the power to do wrong disappear. As a theologian, America has not yet produced his superior. His Treatise concerning the Religious Affections , his account of the Great Awakening, called Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God , and Thoughts on the Revival , as well as his more distinctly technical theological works, show his ability in this field.

Unfortunately, he did not rise superior to the Puritan custom of preaching about hellfire. He delivered on that subject a sermon which causes modern readers to shudder; but this, although the most often quoted, is the least typical of the man and his writings. Those in search of Gift in the Medical Industry really typical statements of his theology will find them in such specimens as, God and real existence is the same. Childhood Development. God is and there is nothing else. He was a theological idealist, believing that all the varied phenomena of the universe are constantly proceeding from God, as light from the sun. Gift Giving Industry. Such statements suggest Shelley's lines, which tell how. Dr. Allen, Edwards's biographer and critic, and a careful student of his unpublished, as well as of his published, writings, says, He was at his best and greatest, most original and creative, when he described the divine love. Such passages as the Essay Childhood Brain following show this quality:

His favorite text was, I am the Rose of Giving Medical Essay Sharon and the Lily of the valleys, and his favorite words were sweet and packard bright. The great English writers between the colonization of Gift Giving in the Medical Industry Jamestown in 1607 and the outbreak of the daniel French and Indian War in 1754 are John Milton, John Bunyan, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Richard Steele and Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding. The colonial literature of this period was influenced only in a very minor degree by the work of these men, for a generation usually passed before the influence of contemporary English authors appeared in American literature. In the next section, we shall see evidences of the influence of Pope. Benjamin Franklin will tell us how Bunyan and Addison were his teachers, and the early fiction will show its indebtedness to the work of Samuel Richardson.

Virginia and Massachusetts produced the bulk of American colonial literature. There were, however, thirteen colonies stretched along the seaboard from Georgia (1733), the last to be founded, to Canada. Although these colonies were established under different grants or charters, and Gift Medical although some had more liberty and suffered less from the interference of England than others, it is nevertheless true that every colony was a school for a self-governing democracy. The Movie Free. No colonies elsewhere in the world had the same amount of liberty. We must not suppose that there was complete liberty in those days. The early government of Virginia was largely aristocratic; that of Massachusetts, theocratic. Virginia persecuted the Puritans. The early settlers of Massachusetts drove out Roger Williams and hanged Quakers. New York persecuted those who did not join the Church of England. However, it is still nevertheless true that these thirteen colonies were making the greatest of all world experiments in democracy and Gift Giving in the liberty.

The important colony of New Netherland (New York) was settled by the Dutch early in Essay on Neurotoxic Venom of the King the seventeenth century. Giving Industry Essay. They established an aristocracy with great landed estates along the Hudson. On Neurotoxic Venom King Cobra. The student of literature is specially interested in this colony because Washington Irving has invested it with a halo of romance. He shows us the sturdy Knickerbockers, the Van Cortlands, the Van Dycks, the Giving in the Industry Essay Van Wycks, and other chivalrous Dutch burghers, sitting in perfect silence, puffing their pipes, and thinking of nothing for hours together in those days of simplicity and sunshine. For literary reasons it is well that this was not made an English colony until the Duke of Essay Development York took possession of it in 1664. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the colonists in the middle and northern part of the country divided their energies almost equally between trade and agriculture. At the South, agriculture was the chief occupation and tobacco and rice were the two leading staples. These were produced principally by the labor of negro slaves. There were also many indentured servants at the South, where the dividing lines between the different classes were most strongly marked. Up to 1700 the history of Giving Medical Essay each colony is practically that of a separate unit. Almost all the colonies had trouble with Indians and royal governors.

Pirates, rapacious politicians, religious matters, or witchcraft were sometimes sources of disturbance. Childhood Brain. All knew the Industry Essay hard labor and the privations involved in subduing the and cleopatra movie wilderness and making permanent settlements in a new land. History tells of the Gift Essay abandonment of many other colonies and of the subjugation of many other races, but no difficulty and no foe daunted this Anglo-Saxon stock. In 1700 the population of New England was estimated at about one hundred and ten thousand. In 1754, the company beginning of the French and Indian War, Connecticut alone had that number, while all New England probably had at Gift in the, this time nearly four hundred thousand. The middle colonies began the eighteenth century with about fifty-nine thousand and grew by the middle of the packard century to about three hundred and fifty-five thousand.

During the same period, the southern group increased from Gift Giving in the Essay about ninety thousand to six hundred thousand. By 1750 the thirteen colonies probably had a total population of nearly fourteen hundred thousand. Since no census was taken until 1790, these figures are only approximately correct. Such development serves to show the trend of coming events. This remarkable increase in population soon caused numbers to go farther west. This movement resulted in antony and cleopatra collision with the French, who were at this time holding the in the Medical central part of the daniel country, from the Giving in the Medical Essay Gulf into Canada. One other result followed.

The colonies began to seem valuable to England because they furnished a market for English manufactures and a carrying trade for English ships. The previous comparative insignificance of the colonies and the trouble in England had served to protect them, but their trade had now assumed a proportion that made the mother country realize what a valuable commercial asset she would have if she regulated the colonies in her own interest. In this section we have traced the history of American colonial literature from the foundation of the Jamestown Colony until 1754. Before 1607 Chaucer, Spenser, and Shakespeare had written, and before 1620 the and cleopatra movie King James version of the Bible had been produced. England had, therefore, a wonderful literature before her colonies came to America. They were the heirs of all that the English race had previously accomplished; and they brought to these shores an Elizabethan initiative, ingenuity, and democratic spirit.

The Virginia colony was founded, as colonies usually are, for a commercial reason. The Virginians and Gift in the Industry Essay the other southern colonists lived more by agriculture, were more widely scattered, had fewer schools, more slaves, and Comparing of Fire and Moore's Vendetta less town life than the New Englanders. Under the influence of Gift Giving in the Medical Essay a commanding clergy, common schools, and the stimulus of town life, the New England colony produced more literature. The chief early writers of Virginia are: (1) Captain John Smith, who described the country and the Indians, and gave to Essay on Early Childhood Brain, literature the story of Pocahontas, thereby disclosing a new world to the imagination of writers; (2) William Strachey, who outranks contemporary colonial writers in describing the Gift Giving in the Essay wrath of the sea, and who may even have furnished a suggestion to Shakespeare for The Tempest ; (3) two poets, (a) George Sandys, who translated part of Ovid, and (b) the unknown author of the elegy on movie, Nathaniel Bacon; and (4) Robert Beverly and William Byrd, who gave interesting descriptions of early Virginia. The chief colonial writers of New England are: (1) William Bradford, whose History of Plymouth Plantation tells the Industry Essay story of the first Pilgrim colony; (2) John Winthrop, who wrote in his Journal the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; (3) the poets, including (a) the translators of the Bay Psalm Book , the first volume of so-called verse printed in the British American colonies, (b) Wigglesworth, whose Day of Doom , was a poetic exposition of Calvinistic theology, (c) Anne Bradstreet, who wrote a small amount of genuine poetry, after she had passed from the influence of the fantastic school of poets; (4) Nathaniel Ward, the shrek free author of The Simple Cobbler of Agawam , an attempt to Gift Industry, mend human ways; (5) Samuel Sewall, New England's greatest colonial diarist; (6) Cotton Mather, the most famous clerical writer, whose Magnalia is a compound of early colonial history and biography, sometimes written in a fantastic style; (7) Jonathan Edwards, America's greatest metaphysician and theologian, who maintained that the action of the human will is Essay on Venom King Cobra, determined by the strongest motive, that the substance of this universe is nothing but the divine Idea, communicated to human consciousness, and who could invest spiritual truth with the beauty of the Rose of Sharon and Giving in the Medical the Lily of the valleys. The New England colonist came to America because of hewlett religious feeling. His religion was to him a matter of eternal life or eternal death. From the modern point of view, this religion may seem too inflexibly stern, too little illumined by the spirit of love, too much darkened by the shadow of eternal punishment, but unless that religion had communicated something of its own dominating inflexibility to Giving in the Industry, the colonist, he would never have braved the ocean, the wilderness, the Indians; he would never have flung the gauntlet down to tyranny at Lexington and Concord.

The greatest lesson taught by colonial literature, by men like Bradford, Winthrop, Edwards, and the New England clergy in general, is moral heroism, the determination to follow the shining path of the Eternal over the wave and through the forest to a new temple of human liberty. Their aspiration, endeavor, suffering, accomplishment, should strengthen our faith in defoe the worth of those spiritual realities which are not quoted in the markets of the world, but which alone possess imperishable value. In either Gardiner's Students' History of England , Walker's Essentials in English History , Andrews's History of England , or Cheney's Short History of England , read the chapters dealing with the time of Elizabeth, James I, Charles I, the Commonwealth, Charles II, James II, William and Mary, Anne, George I and II. A work like Halleck's History of English Literature covering these periods, should be read. Read the account from the earliest times to the outbreak of the French and Indian War in any of the following: Thwaites's The Colonists , 1492-1750. Fisher's Colonial Era . Lodge's A Short History of the English Colonies in America . Gift Giving In The Industry. Doyle's The English in America . Hart's Essentials in American History . Comparing Of Fire Rising And Moore's. Channing's A Students' History of the United States . Eggleston's A Larger History of the United States of Giving in the Industry America . James and Sanford's American History . For an account of special colonies, consult the movie volumes in American Commonwealths series, and also, Fiske's Beginnings of New England , The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America , Old Virginia and Her Neighbors . Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time , 2 vols. In The Industry. Otis's American Verse , 1625-1807. Richardson's American Literature , 2 vols.

Trent's A History of American Literature , 1607-1865. Shrek The Movie Free. Wendell's History of Literature in America'_. Narratives of Early Virginia , edited by Tyler. Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation . New edition, edited by Davis. (Scribner, 1908.) Winthrop's Journal (History of New England). New edition, edited by Hosmer, 2 vols., (Scribner, 1908.) Chamberlain's Samuel Sewall and the World He Lived in . Lodge's A Puritan Pepys (Sewall) in Studies in History . Campbell's Anne Bradstreet and her Time . Twichell's John Winthrop . Walker's Thomas Hooker . Wendell's Life of Cotton Mather . Allen's Life of Jonathan Edwards . Gardiner's Jonathan Edwards, a Retrospect . The following volumes of selections from American Literature will be referred to Medical Essay, either by the last name of the author, or, if there are more authors than one, by the initials of the last names: Cairns's Selections from Early American Writers , 1607-1800. (Macmillan.) Trent and Wells's Colonial Prose and Poetry , 3 vols., 1607-1775. (Crowell.) Stedman and Hutchinson's A Library of American Literature , 16081890, 11 vols. (Benjamin.) Carpenter's American Prose Selections . (Macmillan.) Trent's Southern Writers: Selections in Prose and roxana defoe Verse . (Macmillan.) JOHN SMITH The Beginnings of Jamestown (from A True Relation of Virginia , 1608); The Religious Observances of the Indians (from A Map of Virginia , published in 1612), Cairns, pp. 24, 10-14; The Romance of Gift Giving in the Pocahontas (from The General History of Virginia , 1624), S. H., Vol.

I., pp. 1017; T. W., Vol. I., pp. 1222. WILLIAM STRACHEY Read the selection from A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates , in Cairns, 19-26.

POETRY IN THE VIRGINIA COLONY. For George Sandys, see pp. 5158 in Vol. I. of Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time . For the elegy on the death of hewlett Nathaniel Bacon, see Tyler, Vol. In The Medical. I., 78, 79; Cairns, 185-188; T. W., II., 166-169; S. H., I., 456-458; Trent, 12-14. DESCRIPTIONS OF VIRGINIA The best selection from Beverly's History and Present State of Virginia may be found in T. Essay On Early Brain Development. W., II., 354-360. Gift Essay. See also Trent, 16-18; S. H., II., 270-272. For selections from Byrd's History of the Dividing Line , see Cairns, passim , 259-272; Trent, 19-22; T. W., III., 23-32; S. H., II., 302-305. WILLIAM BRADFORD The Voyage of the Mayflower, Cairns, 31-35; Early Difficulties of the Pilgrim Fathers, T. W., I., 42-45; The Communal System Abandoned, T. W., I., 46-49; The Landing of the Pilgrims and their Settlement at Plymouth, S. H., L, 124-130.

JOHN WINTHROP Twenty-five entries from his Journal or History of New England are given in Cairns, 44-48, and fourteen in T. W., I., 99-105. His famous speech on Liberty may be found in T. W., I., 106-116; in S. H., I., 302-303; and in Cairns, 50-53. EARLY NEW ENGLAND VERSE The selection given earlier from the Bay Psalm Book is sufficient. For Wigglesworth's Day of Doom , see Cairns, 166-177; T. W., II., 54-60; S. And Cleopatra. H., passim , II., 3-16. Anne Bradstreet's best poem, Contemplations , may be found in Cairns, 154-162; T. W., I., 280-283; S. H., I., 314, 315.

WARD'S SIMPLE COBBLER OF AGAWAM His view of religious toleration is given in Cairns, 113-118, and T. W., I., 253-259. Giving Industry Essay. For the satiric essay on women's fashions, see Cairns, 119-124; T. W., I., 260-266; S. H. I., 276-280. SAMUEL SEWALL Cairns, 240-243, gives from the Essay Venom of the King Cobra Diary the events of a month. Notes on the Witchcraft Persecution and his prayer of repentance for the blame and shame of it may be found in T. W., II., 294-296. The record of his courtship of Madam Winthrop is given in Cairns, 245-249; T. W., III., 304-319; and S. In The Medical Industry Essay. H., II., 192-200. For his early anti-slavery tract, see T. W., II., 320-326; S. H., II., 189-192. COTTON MATHER His fantastic life of Mr. Ralph Partridge from the Magnalia is given in Cairns, 228, 229. The interesting story of the New England argonaut, Sir William Phips, may be found in T. W., II., 257-266, and in S. H., II., 143-149. One of his best biographies is that of Thomas Hooker, S. Company. H., II., 149-156. JONATHAN EDWARDS For a specimen of an almost poetic exposition of the divine love, read the selection in Gift Giving Industry Essay Cairns, 280, 281; T. W., III., 148, 149; S. H., II., 374; and Carpenter, 16, 17, beginning, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys.

Selections from his Freedom of the Will are given in Cairns. 291-294; T. W., III., 185-187; and S. H., II., 404-407 (the best). 1. Is Captain John Smith more remarkable for packard company chronicling what passed before his senses or for explaining what he saw? How does his account of the Indians compare with modern understanding? Is Smith apparently a novice, or somewhat skilled in writing prose? Does he seem to you to be a romancer or a narrator of a plain unvarnished tale? 2. Compare Strachey's storm at Giving, sea with Act I of Shakespeare's Tempest . In what part of this Act and under what circumstances does he mention the packard still-vex'd Bermoothes? 3. Compare the ability of the three great early colonizers, Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, in writing narrative prose. Smith's story of Giving Medical Industry Essay Pocahontas is easily accessible. Essay On Neurotoxic Venom King. Those who can find the complete works of Bradford and Winthrop may select from Bradford for comparison his story of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian. Winthrop's Journal contains many specimens of brief narrative, such as the story of the voyage across the Atlantic from March 29 to June 14, 1630; of Winthrop's losing himself in the wood, October 11, 1631; of Gift Giving Essay shipwreck on the Isle of Shoals, August 16, 1635; of an Essay of the King Cobra, indentured servant, March 8, 1636; of an adventure with Indians, July 2030, August 24, and October 8, 1636.

Those without opportunity to consult the works of Bradford and Winthrop will find in the books of selections sufficient material for comparison. 4. Is brevity or prolixity a quality of these early narrators? Was English prose written before 1640 superior to the work of these three men? What advance in prose narrative do you find in Beverly and Byrd? 5. What characteristic of Giving in the a famous English prose writer of the nineteenth century is noticeable in shrek the movie Ward's essay on fashions? 6. Gift Essay. Why could fine poetry not be reasonably expected in early Virginia and New England? What are some of the Calvinistic tenets expounded in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom ? Choose the best two short selections of Dantikat's Rising and Moore's V for Vendetta colonial poetry. 7. Gift Giving In The Medical. What are some of the qualifications of a good diarist? Which of these do you find in the Diary of defoe Samuel Sewall? 8. Point out some of the fantastic prose expressions of Cotton Mather. Gift In The. Compare his narrative of Captain Phips with the work of Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, on antony movie, the one hand, and of Beverly and Byrd, on the other.

9. Compare the theology in Edwards's Rose of Sharon selection with that in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom . Why may this selection from Edwards be called a poetic exposition of the divine love? What is his view of the freedom of the will?