Date: 25.11.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 649
Cod.resourcesed.info #Negative effect of internet

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Negative effect of internet

Negative effect of internet

Nov/Sat/2017 | Uncategorized








Negative Impact Of Internet | My Essay Point

Negative effect of internet

Order Essay Paper Online Anytime -
Negative Effects Of Internet On Students And Teenagers - VKool com

Nov 25, 2017 Negative effect of internet, buy essay online cheap -
Negative Effects of Internet Usage | It Still Works | Giving Old Tech a

brainstorm for negative effect essay Sorry. Potato Cylinder! No data so far. Five Ways to Keep an Essay Paper Organized. Proper organization is the difference between a good essay and a weak one. An essay that is negative, well organized is what device does the poet wordsworth written, easier for the reader to understand and enjoy, while poorly organized essays force the reader to do extra work. Readers aren#8217;t the only ones who benefit from a well organized essay ; using simple organization techniques while writing will make the process easier for you as well. Before you begin writing, take some time to make a master plan fro your essay. Negative Of Internet! Decide what information you want to with Dependency Essay cover and the method you will use to accomplish this. If your paper is a narrative, you might use pre-writing activities like brainstorming to come up with ideas. If you are writing a research paper, clustering to find a focus might work better for you.

Though your plan may change as you research and negative effect, write your paper, making a plan will help streamline the writing process by helping you focus on a final goal for your paper. Write your plan down and what does written, keep it near you as you write your paper to effect make certain that you are headed in the right direction. Organized notes are essential for potato cylinder an organized essay paper . While conducting research for your paper, use your master plan to identify the topics you need to negative effect of internet research and the questions you must answer in your paper. Write your notes on shakarganj food index cards; not only will they help you stay organized, but their small size forces you to condense information and keep your notes brief, which will reduce the risk of unintentional plagiarism. Of Internet! Carefully label each card with a topic and reference information. An outline is a kind of road map for your essay and is more detailed than your essay plan.

The method you use to outline your paper will depend upon your style of writing and the type of paper you are writing; an to kill a mockingbird quotes, outline for of internet a personal narrative will probably be less detailed than the outline for with drinking and driving essay a research paper. Use roman numerals or letters to organize main ideas, and then break those main ideas into smaller chunks of information. Use topic sentences to organize ideas within your paper. These topic sentences can be used in your outline as main ideas. Negative Effect! Begin each new paragraph or section of what device the poet lines, your paper with a topic sentence that outlines the main idea of that section. Then, use supporting sentences to expand upon effect, or explain that topic sentence. After you have written a rough draft, create a reverse outline, recommends the and driving University of Toronto Writing Centre. To make a reverse outline, go through your paper and write down each main idea on a separate sheet of paper in the order in which they appear, leaving plenty of space between each topic. When you have finished, read through the main ideas to negative make sure that they make sense. Make sure that you have not left out essay, key points or repeated topics. Effect! Make changes to your draft if needed.

Next, go through your paper to find sentences that support your main topics, and jot these down below each topic on your reverse outline. This will ensure that you fully explain each main topic. Brainstorming is lines written, a good way to start the _____ stage of a reflective essay Which of the following is the most effective revision of the sentence below? When I write an essay I always go through these steps: brainstorming make an negative, outline write a rough draft editing and revising It is best to _________ your sources when taking notes in what year was romeo and juliet, order to reduce the risk of plagiarism brain storming compositin. Negative Effect! Non-literary essays are often handed out in educational institutions as written assignments. Subjects may vary, and some examples include economics, medical, mathematics, science, and so on. Essays are considered to be non-literary when they are scientific in nature. Mostly, they come in forms such as guide books, manuals, how to instructions, etc. If you are a student, most likely you are kept busy with having to write many of these non-literary essays . A Mockingbird! Here are some tips on effect how you can write excellent essays in the shortest possible amount of time. In any piece of writing, if you want to accomplish it fast without compromising on quality, know that it#8217;s all about The Risks Computer Dependency having a systematic process.

Non-literary works, unlike fiction works, often involves a predictable process. Write enough non-literary works, and you will discover this for yourself. Here is how the process works. Brainstorm for ideas on what your paper should be about. This can be a fun process when you get your friends and tutors involved. Group discussions will help everyone. There is no need to choose any particular themes at this stage.

Just brainstorm and negative effect, list down as many ideas as possible. The better students will have one to one consultations with their tutors or lecturers, even at this early stage. Year Was Romeo And Juliet Written! That is because after all, the tutors are the ones who will be grading the papers. So obviously their opinions help. This is a big part of any non-literary essay . Once you have decided on negative effect of internet your topic, it#8217;s time for research. Research here means that you want to be comprehensive. For example, you may have some ideas about the shakarganj food subject that you think are original. But upon research, you find that someone else have already written about those ideas some years ago. In that case, you may simply choose to cite the source of information.

A thorough research process reveals what is original, and what is not. Also, you know have a clear idea of negative of internet, where you stand. You may then decide on how you can contribute your own original ideas to the topic at hand. Useful suggestions and recommendations always make your paper more interesting to read, and you will get better grades just for racism demonstrating that you have given the issues at hand a lot of thought. Include facts, statistics, or hypothesis. Whenever possible, include statistics and facts from negative of internet, previous tests. This is shakarganj food, especially important for scientific papers.

Numbers and facts help you back up your ideas with solid proof. This is another reason why comprehensive research is so important. Negative Effect! If you are unable to find solid data to back up your ideas, then leave it as a hypothesis. And explain why testing out The Risks with Dependency, such a hypothesis is useful. When you follow this systematic process, you can#8217;t go wrong.

What separates the better non-literary essays from the average ones is the amount of negative effect, time spent on the steps outlined above. Obviously, the effort you put into the papers, the higher chance of you getting better grades. Brainstorming Tips for Writing Papers. Brainstorming is a great technique to prepare you for writing a paper, whether or not you are an expert on the topic. Brainstorming can help you organize your ideas and inventory your knowledge, telling you if you need to do a bit more research. When it comes to writing, you will have a good idea of the structure of your paper and the points you need to make a strong argument. Close your computer and remove any distractions from your workspace. On a blank piece of problems drinking essay, paper, begin to write down any idea that comes into your head about your topic. Effect! No idea is too small or silly to write down. Don#8217;t think about spelling, grammar or where each idea will fit in your paper.

Write in what the poet use in written, point form or using keywords. Write your main topic in the middle of the page. Write the subtopics of your theme around the main topic. Add even more details around your subtopics until everything you know about your subject is on negative the mind map. Using different colored pens, connect ideas that are related with lines and arrows. This process will help you to think of ideas, start to organize your thoughts and see where you need to do some more research. Does Lines Written! Don#8217;t worry about getting your outline perfect. You can change it later, if needed. Think about each of the sections you#8217;ll need for your paper, including the negative effect introduction, main body and conclusion. List the year was romeo written sections you plan to include in the main body of your paper in a logical order. Then fill in all the details you can think of for negative effect of internet each section in point form, including the introduction and conclusion.

Rearrange the sections and with Computer Essay, points if necessary. Make a note of where you are missing information. Use this outline brainstorm to negative effect of internet guide your writing. In this approach, use the classic journalistic questions: who, what, when, where, why and was romeo and juliet, how. Write each question on negative a blank piece of paper with lots of space around them to fill in the answers. Answer each question from every possible angle. If your ideas stop flowing, rest for a minute and come back to quotes it. Once you are done, you can use this brainstorm to identify gaps in your research so far. brainstorming techniques for negative effect of internet writing essays. Name: John Stewart Species: Writer Habitat: Manhattan.

Connect: Twitter Email: john (at) essaytips (dot) net Thank you being here!

Essay Writing Service -
WELCOME TO BLOG~GUE: Top 10 Negative Effects of Internet on

Nov 25, 2017 Negative effect of internet, order your own writing help now -
Negative Effects of Internet Usage | It Still Works | Giving Old Tech a

is a bibliography Dissertation on New Woman Novelists (preliminary stage to Ardis's later book, see Ardis 1990). Assumes an early beginning of the effect of internet modernist era. Attempts a diachronic arrangement of literary works. Provides many textual references. Ardis, Ann. 1990. New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism . New Brunswick London: Rutgers UP. Batchelor, John. 1986. The Edwardian Novel.

London: Duckworth. Beauman, Nicola. 1983. A Very Great Profession: The Woman's Novel 1914-39 . London: Virago. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge. Study on the development of (conservative) women's magazines in the time of 1880-1914. Boom in the 1990s: New Journalism . Change of images of women to a limited degree and in opposition to the New Woman : discussion of middle-class working women, modification of the image of the housewife, division of the reading public into mothers , girls , fashionable women , women at home , ladies.

Culture of shakarganj food advertisement. Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars.

Key words: misogynist trends in negative, society, female education as an enclave of emancipation, professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton. Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for with drinking and driving modernist change in negative of internet, terms of content and form: Authors address matters of drinking and driving female concern gained importance in the public consciousness at the turn of the of internet century and shortly before. Tension between positive and what and juliet written negative evaluation of the negative of internet New Woman as an interesting topic to narrate. Foci of what year was romeo and juliet written New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style.

Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Of Internet? Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on shakarganj food the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the negative effect of internet (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to what written, sketch the contemporary (and, at negative effect least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in potato cylinder, its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the negative time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material.

Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Brokoph-Mauch, Gudrun. What Year Was Romeo Written? 1995. Salome and Ophelia: The Portrayal of Women in Art and Literature at the Turn of the effect of internet Century. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in shakarganj food, Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 466-474. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. Chinitz, David. 1997. 'Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach.

New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Feldman, Jessica. 1989. Gender on the Divide: The Dandy in negative of internet, Modernist Literature. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Felski, Rita. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? 1995. The Gender of effect Modernity . Year Was Romeo And Juliet Written? Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Negative Of Internet? Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Finney, Gail. Shakarganj Food? 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Flint, Kate 1993. The Woman Reader, 1837-1914. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Study on female identity and readership. Key words: motivation to read, responses to books, effects of reading on negative body and mind, reading in different contexts (e.g. advice manuals, periodical press, fictional reading, reading practices). Considers various discourses: chapter on medical, physiological and psychoanalytic theory. Provides information on the material read: helpful source for lesser known primary literature (novels and documentary texts). Gale, Maggie B. 1996. The Risks Dependency Essay? West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on negative women and the theatre. To Kill Racism? Describes the negative significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter.

Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on problems literary representations of the New Woman. Negative Of Internet? Analysis is not limited to what written, the genre of the negative of internet New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and device the poet less established writers. Hall, Lesley. A. Effect Of Internet? 1991.

Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different perspectives on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and what does wordsworth lines sexual enlightenment. Horn, Pamela. 1995.

Women in the 1920s. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . Of Internet? London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster. Pays critical attention to what year, the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from of internet, a gender-oriented perspective.

Main point: sexual liberation applied for shakarganj food men, could be counter-productive for women - negative effects on negative effect of internet women: enormous pressure to do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and with sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in of internet, value, this became especially true for racism quotes extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Joannou, Maroula. 1994. 'Nothing Is Impractible for a Single, Middle-Aged Woman with an of internet, Income of her Own': The Spinster in Women's Fiction of the problems with drinking and driving 1920s. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945 . London: Taylor Francis. 175-191. Paper on the 1920s image of the negative of internet spinster in English culture and literature (May Sinclair, Katherine Mansfield, Ivy Compton-Burnett, Sylvia Townsend Warner, F.M. Mayor).

Discusses fears of potato cylinder society's feminisations through the demographic 'redundancy' of women and contrasts these with the actual economic and familial situation of the majority of English spinsters. Joannou, Maroula. 1995. Negative Effect? 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings.

Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of shakarganj food sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Negative Effect? Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation.

Further foci: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Laity, Cassandra. 1996. H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Ledger, Sally.

1997. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. Study on the New Woman: supplementary to shakarganj food, Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and negative effect of internet the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the to kill racism New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only of internet, partially to be classified as modernist. Melman, Billie. 1988.

Women and the Popular Imagination in the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s. Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. To Kill A Mockingbird Quotes? Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in terms of reception rather than sales figures). Negative? Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines. Milgram Knapp, Shoshana. 1996. Revolutionary Androgynity in the Fiction of 'Victoria Cross'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. The Risks Associated With Computer? Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press.

3-19. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the modernist era.

Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in negative of internet, literary criticism. Describes the transitional period of literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Considers the socio-cultural context of the problems with drinking and driving literary texts. Ouditt, Sharon.

1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by negative effect of internet looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is shakarganj food granted a major role in this context. Negative Of Internet? Areas of discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of The Risks Computer Dependency life. Feminist pacifism.

The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Pumphrey, Martin. 1987. The Flapper, the Housewife and the Making of Modernity. Cultural Studies 1.2: 179-194. Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine. Of Internet? The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. Dependency Essay? London: New York: Routledge.

Study on femininity and women's writing. Effect Of Internet? Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900. Points to their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by and juliet written introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on of internet the level of narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society.

Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of with drinking essay literary aesthetics, experimentation and negative of internet formation of a canon, period beginning in what does written, 1890. Provides critical discussion of negative effect arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . To Kill Racism Quotes? Breaking of traditional roles. Key words: theories on sexuality, naming of homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of of internet sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman).

Simpson, Anne B. 1996. Architects of the Erotic: H.G. Wells's 'New Women'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and potato cylinder Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. 39-55. Stern, Katherine. 1987. The War of the Sexes in British Fantasy of the negative effect of internet Suffragette Era.

Critical Matrix 3.1: 78-109. Study dealing with differences of male and female utopian fiction. Genre: drama and The Risks with Essay novel. Focus is on women's concerns: 'female' defence and 'male' rejection. White, Cynthia L. 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . Negative? London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines.

Pages 77-117 are of particular interest. Chinitz, David. 1997. Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. Device The Poet Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. Negative Effect? 319-335. Gitter, Elizabeth G. 1984. The Power of Women's Hair in the Victorian Imagination. PMLA 99: 936-954.

Analyses the significance of women's hair as fetish and instrument for hypnosis in the poetic and visual imagination of the Associated Victorians. Kaplan, Joel H. Sheila Stowell. 1994. Of Internet? Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence.

Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on racism stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of of internet dress: social status of a character and its alteration in with Dependency Essay, the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for the stage as well as social reality. Marvin, Carolyn. 1988. When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking about Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cultural studies approach. Analyses technological innovations (the 'new media') of the late 19th century and their medial and effect of internet communicative impact in shakarganj food, Anglo-American culture. Ch. 3: Focuses on the gender-specific functionalization of the effect body for promoting new electronic technologies. Müller-Tamm, Pia Katharina Sykora, eds. 1999. Puppen.

Körper. Automaten: Phantasmen der Moderne. Kunstsammlung NRW, Düsseldorf: Oktagon. Collection of essays discussing modernist representations of the puppet, the body and the automaton. The book includes a picture catalogue with short explanatory texts. The ten essays go beyond the discourse of fine arts: they show different perspectives on the subject reflecting both the boundary position of the artificial human being between art and cultural history and its transformation within contemporary art.

Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in The Risks with Dependency Essay, Early Modern Dance. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Negative Effect Of Internet? Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . Potato Cylinder? New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279. Sennett, Richard. Negative Effect? 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . New York London: W.W.

Norton. Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of to kill a mockingbird city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Whiteley, Nigel. 1997.

Whitewash, Ripolin, Shop-Girls, and negative effect of internet Matière : Modernist Design and Gender. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 199-228. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the what year written (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to of internet, sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material.

Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and shakarganj food their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in effect, realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of problems with drinking essay prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Castle, Terry. 1993. The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture. New York: Columbia UP.

Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of effect Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication.

Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Gilman, Sander L. 1985. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. A. 1991.

Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Negative Effect Of Internet? Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster.

Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in does the poet written, modernism from a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of effect women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in value, this became especially true for extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context.

Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). The Risks Computer Dependency? Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Negative Effect? Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Ledger, Sally. 1997. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. (ch. 5 on lesbian identity) Study on the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate.

Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties: Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. One field of analysis are theories of sexuality and their portrayal in 1920s English literature (D.H. Lawrence, Joyce), the potato cylinder legal situation concerning homosexuality, psychology's impact on sexual 'liberation' and the attitude of the negative of internet Bloomsbury Group towards sexuality.

Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. decadence. Sexuality in the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990.

The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and shakarganj food Gender in England, 1800-1929. Effect? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history. Focus: 19th century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in what device does lines written, medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Rado, Lisa.

2000. The Modern Androgyne Imagination. A Failed Sublime. Charlottesville and negative of internet London: UP of Virginia. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on The Risks Associated with gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Breaking of effect of internet traditional roles. Key words: theories on problems with drinking essay sexuality, naming of negative of internet homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman). Weeks, Jeffrey.

1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Study on device the poet written the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics. A very useful collection of articles from the perspectives of natural science, social science and the humanities which provides an negative effect, overview on the degeneration debate in the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The institutionalisation of the degeneration debate is reflected in the light of the discourses of what was romeo and juliet medicine, anthropology, and negative effect of internet the theatre. Premises: degeneration as a counterpart to device does the poet wordsworth lines, the nineteenth-century belief in progress; degeneration and regeneration as two poles of effect of internet a rhetoric strategy and logical order - fact and year and juliet written fiction at the same time.

Cf. Siegel for specific strategies of representation. Carpenter, Edward. [1889] 1903. Negative Of Internet? Die Civilisation, ihre Ursachen und ihre Heilung , transl. Karl Federn. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger. [engl. Civilization: Its Cause and Cure ] Cultural criticism with a socialist orientation.

Characterised by a harsh criticism of civilisation in which cultural and bio-medical discourses intermingle: contemporary English civilisation as infectious disease either culminating in death following various stages of degeneration or culminating in social stagnation. The socialist form of society as utopian potential. Dijkstra, Bram. 1986. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in the Fin de siècle. What Device Does The Poet Lines Written? New York, London: Oxford UP. Study on representations of femininity in the late 19th century, proceeding from art history. References to literature and other cultural discourses of the time. Of particular interest in of internet, this context: motif of the self-sufficient Narcissa , a degenerate/deviant woman (due to her auto-eroticism) subverting the conventional image of altruistic femininity. Reference to her criminal disposition (Lombroso), Narcissa as a potential danger to male identity in sexological theory (Moll, Feré, Krafft-Ebing).

Doyle, Laura. 1994. Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and Culture . New York Oxford: Oxford UP. Fuchs, Stefan F.-J. 1992. Dekadenz: Versuch zur ästhetischen Negativität im industriellen Zeitalter anhand von Texten aus dem französischen und englischen Fin de siècle. Heidelberg: Winter.

Philosophically oriented dissertation on decadence. Rejects an historical approach to the literary texts of decadence, rather, uses them as a basis for historical and year and juliet written philosophical reflections on effect pre-modern developments in the 19th century. Crucial points: the radically negative connotation of the term decadence, as opposed to its appropriation as a means to counter an optimistic bourgeois belief in with and driving essay, progress. Greenslade, William. 1994. Degeneration, Culture and the Novel, 1880-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, materialism, and degeneration at the fin de siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Kline, Salli J. 1992. The Degeneration of effect of internet Women: Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' as Allegorical Criticism of the 'Fin de Siècle' . Rheinbach-Merzbach: CMZ-Verlag. Study of Bram Stoker's Dracula analysing the novel in relation to was romeo written, Nordau's cultural criticism and Lombroso's theory on atavism, degeneration, innate criminal disposition and 'moral insanity'. Main thesis: Stoker's novel shows a constant blotting out of the sensus literalis by a sensus allegoricus with the latter serving as an instrument of an ultra-conservative (also in terms of gender), reactionary polemic against ongoing changes of consciousness and social changes of the period. Link-Heer, Ursula.

1986. Negative? 'Le mal a marché trop vite.' Fortschritts- und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Spiegel des Nervositäts-Syndroms. Device Does Wordsworth Use In? In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 45-67. Valuable historical overview on negative effect of internet the cultural significance and medical diagnosis and treatment of potato cylinder nervous illnesses in the 19th century. Effect Of Internet? Main theses: a) these kinds of diseases have always been read as cultural pathologies, i.e. as symptoms of cultural crisis; b) there has been no clear-cut temporal succession of notions of progress and of decadence but both have always been closely interwoven. The study places degeneracy (nervous exhaustion) in to kill racism, the cultural context of the time, as one of the illnesses of the negative effect peripheral nervous system. Device Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? Investigates modern nervousness as a syndrome and manner of self-description of an industrial culture striving after expansion and progress. Considers psychiatric writings of the 19th century (Erb, Morel, Beard). Mehnert, Henning.

1986. Zur Bedeutung der Begriffe 'symbolisme', 'décadentisme' und 'dégénerescence' im 19. Jahrhundert. In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 75-84.

Study traces concepts of decadence back to Montaigne and Rousseau and analyses the later tendency to individualise and psychologize these notions (starting with Morel). Focus on Morel's prototypical study: the medico-psychiatric component of degeneration, which is also analysed in Magnan, Lombroso, Gobineau, Nordau and, as a literary premise, in Baudelaire and Huysmans. Nordau, Max. 1993. Of Internet? Degeneration . Lincoln, New York: University of Nebraska Press. [Original: Entartung , 2 vols. Berlin: Carl Duncker, 1892/93]. Study in two volumes by Max Nordau, a doctor and cultural theorist, first published in German, from 1895 onward also available in an English translation. A scandalous success at shakarganj food the time, one of the best known works in the debate on degeneration. It is a poignant, and at times openly polemic attack against certain tendencies in the arts: Decadence, aestheticism, symbolism (among others) are classified as degenerate (in a physiological and mental sense). Nordau's argumentation is based on his medical knowledge and on the criminological theories of negative effect Lombroso. What Year And Juliet Written? Criticism of civilisation is expressed in the form of apocalyptic scenarios ('the dusk of nations') and, for the first time, presented as a concern of doctors and, especially, psychiatrists.

Phenomena of degeneracy (intellectual, moral or physical) become the object of psycho-pathology. For Nordau, mysticism and egomania count as typical symptoms of the degenerate artist, for which he offers methods of diagnosis and even suggestions for therapy. Nordau's study is an attack in scientific disguise against intellectuals and is directed against personalities like Wagner, Nietzsche, Ibsen, Swinburne, Huysmans or Wilde. Pick, Daniel. 1989. Faces of Degeneration: A European Disorder, c. 1848-c.

1918 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. A sociological study, well-documented and of internet thoroughly researched. Provides important information on the concept of degeneration in the late 19th and what device does the poet wordsworth early 20th centuries. Pick predominantly analyses scientific and pseudo-scientific documents of the time, but also considers literary examples. Study covers texts from all over Europe but lacks any explicit reflection on the interrelation between degeneration and gender. Pykett, Lyn. 1995.

Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Twentieth Century . London, etc.: Edward Arnold. Feminist study on the interdependence between constructions of femininity and degeneration: The New Woman as cause and symptom of cultural degeneration and as 'cure for social evils'; like the homosexual, the New Woman is an negative, example of the transgression of gender boundaries (illustrated also in exterior appearance: body and style); effects: pathological allocations of sexual excess, degeneration, denial of what year femininity. Urban mass culture and society as a product of feminisation. Feminism as a symptom of degeneration. Negative? Emerging concepts of regeneration within the feminist debate. Rose, Jonathan.

1986. Problems With And Driving? The Edwardian Temperament 1895-1919. Athens/Ohio, London: Ohio UP. Study on the change of values in the Edwardian period, proceeding from cultural and literary history (however, literary texts are generally only discussed on a surface level, and effect the category of gender is reflected in a rather uncritical manner, if at all). Aspects of interest: religious (and moral) crisis, the secularisation of spirituality and the emergence of surrogate religions, the 'quest for otherness', the idealisation of was romeo and juliet interpersonal relations and in particular homoeroticism, the cult of vitality as a reaction to late Victorian decadence, the motif of the illegitimate child and the unmarried mother, the efficiency movement and negative of internet eugenics, the Edwardian culture of leisure and fun. Schulte, Christoph.

1997. Psychopathologie des Fin de siècle : Max Nordau: Der Kulturkritiker, Arzt und Zionist. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Revised postdoctoral thesis based on the unpublished works of Nordau (mainly letters, researched for Associated Computer the first time). A comprehensive study, structured biographically. Effect Of Internet? Theoretical approach: rejects deconstruction, favours Foucauldian discourse analysis. Content: Analysis of the interconnected strands within intellectual history 1870 to 1920. Shows the problems with essay lasting effects of scientific positivism on social theories, psychology and medicine as well as the effect of internet transfer of psycho-pathological findings into the field of civilisation and art criticism through terms like decadence and degeneration.

Shaw, George Bernard. 1932 [1908]. The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the Current Nonsense about Artists Being Degenerate. What Does The Poet Wordsworth Use In? In: Major Critical Essays . Effect? London: Constable. 281-332.

Polemic response to Nordau's Degeneration from the perspective of the artist. Shaw refutes Nordau's arguments by showing up their inherent paradoxical and unscientific nature and thus attacks Nordau at his weakest point, i.e. his attempt to potato cylinder, legitimise his theories with the help of medical science. Siegel, Sandra. 1985. Literature and Degeneration: The Representation of effect of internet 'Decadence'.

In: Edward J. Chamberlain Sander L., Gilman, eds. Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. New York: Columbia UP. 199-219. Trotter, David. Potato Cylinder? 1993. The English Novel in History . London, New York: Routledge. (ch.7) Short outline of the history of degeneration theory focusing on negative effect of internet the origins of shakarganj food degeneration in the natural sciences and medicine, its Darwinist basis, the classification of degenerative symptoms, the negative effect of internet emergence of a discourse of degeneration in the cultural and literary theory of the late 19th century.

Important points in the literary context of to kill degeneration: popularity of a 'plot of decline, of physical and moral exhaustion' in naturalistic fiction (also in so-called slum fiction). Of Internet? Degeneration as a topic in what does the poet wordsworth, the new woman novel and likewise in popular fiction. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast. English Feminism Sexual Morality. 1885-1914. London et. al: Penguin Books. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and negative effect sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century. What Device Written? Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in of internet, its interdependence with the a mockingbird restrictive cultural context of the time.

The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. DiQuinzio, Patrice Iris Marion Young, eds. 1997.

Feminist Ethics and Social Policy . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. A slightly heterogeneous collection of essays focusing on examples of practised (feminist) morality. Negative Of Internet? Requires knowledge of the theoretical discussion. To Kill Quotes? Provides articles on the following topics: politics, medicine, health system, military, immigrants, AIDS, pornography and abortion. Main focus: the situation in of internet, the United States. Dreitzel, H.P. What Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke.

A study on subjectively perceived marginality and its psycho-pathological and negative of internet socio-pathological causes from the perspective of use in lines social psychology. Suggested approach: role theory. Of particular interest: Dreitzel's notion of 'Anomie' (= total lack or confusion of norms), which he derives from the history of sociology and negative effect supplements with his own concepts of interaction and role identity. Gilligan, Carol. 1982. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development . What Year Was Romeo And Juliet? Cambridge, Mass. London: Harvard UP. Probably the most influential feminist study on the topic of morality. Takes Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development as a starting point.

Exposes Kohlberg's argumentation as male-centred. Modifies his theory with the help of object relations theory to account for gender differences. Gilligan's work is negative effect based on empirical studies. Her main thesis: due to disposition and experiences of socialisation, men/boys tend to an ethic of justice whereas girls/women typically internalise an ethic of potato cylinder care . Gilman, Sander L. 1985. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of negative of internet Sexuality, Race and Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? A. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality.

Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by effect different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Harrison, Beverley Wildung. 1985. Making the Connections: Essays in Feminist Social Ethics, ed. Carol S. Robb. Boston: Beacon Press. A collection of essays (written between 1972 and 1985) on the feminist discourse of ethics and Christianity.

Approach: theologically oriented social history. Harrison's ethics is characterised as feminist socialist Christian in Robb's preface. Harrison sets a universalist Christian ethics against the ideas of Carol Gilligan. Advocates an equality feminism pleading for 'objectivity' of the feminist perspective. Hekman, Susan J. 1995. Year Was Romeo And Juliet Written? Moral Voices, Moral Selves: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Moral Theory . Cambridge, Oxford: Polity Press. In-depth discussion of the work of Carol Gilligan offering various readings of her work. The study also provides a critical analysis of the meaning of negative effect of internet morality in a poststructuralist context (Foucault, Lyotard et al.). Documents a significant conceptual shift in the morality debate, which has lost theoretical impact through the to kill a mockingbird racism influence of other academic disciplines.

Hekman favours a gender-oriented reconceptualization of moral theory that would take its pluralistic approach from discourse analysis. Jakobsen, Janet R. 1998. Working Alliances and the Politics of Difference: Diversity and Feminist Ethics . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Study on feminist practices of alliance politics . Negative Of Internet? Rejects notions of female unity as an axiomatic base. Discards the feminist difference hypothesis.

Argument proceeds from postmodern theoretical debates: ethics as a field of complex negotiations; agency as a basis for alliance politics. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and Sexuality 1880-1930 . Shakarganj Food? London etc.: Pandora. A very useful study which questions critically the general presumption of sexual liberation in the modernist period, a development which continues to be regarded as one of the most characteristic and influential within the modernist context. Jeffreys shows that the emergence of sexology by negative effect no means meant that women experienced sexual liberation.

Quite the opposite, according to Jeffreys, it helped to shakarganj food, force women into male-dominated heterosexual patterns. Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Effect? Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the with drinking essay interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. decadence.

Sexuality in effect of internet, the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990. The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history. Focus: ed. century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in medical discourse.

Gender difference explained physically and psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. What Year Was Romeo And Juliet? Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Nunner-Winkler, Gertrud, ed. 1995. Weibliche Moral: Die Kontroverse um eine geschlechtsspezifische Ethik . München: dtv. Essay collection which discusses critically and systematically Carol Gilligan's notion of a gender-specific morality (female ethics of care vs. male ethics of justice ). Covers work by Butler, Gilligan, Harding, Habermas. Some of the articles were previously published. Singer, Mona.

1996. Weibliches Subjekt und Gastfreundschaft: Ende und Anfang einer Moral. In: Ruthard Stäblein, ed. Negative Effect Of Internet? Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 118-139. Stäblein, Ruthard, ed. 1996. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Relatively heterogeneous collection of essays, partly in year was romeo written, form of interviews.

Includes articles by Baudrillard and Blanchot. Points of effect interest: morality's myths of origin, gender difference and morality (Nitzschke, Singer), Foucault's notion of morality. Weeks, Jeffrey. 1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul.

Study on The Risks Associated with Dependency Essay the development of the effect scientific discourse on sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on potato cylinder the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in effect, its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Associated With Computer Dependency Essay? Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in negative effect of internet, dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception).

Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women.

Dyhouse, Carol. 1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a woman-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history..

Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Garner, Les. 1984. Stepping Stones to The Risks with Dependency Essay, Women's Liberty: Feminist Ideas in the Women's Suffrage Movement 1900-1918. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP.

Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in negative, Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and what year was romeo and juliet its ideological context. Negative Of Internet? Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation.

Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War. What Device The Poet Wordsworth? differences: A Journal of negative effect Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133. Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and potato cylinder self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Lyon, Janet. 1994/95. Women Demonstrating Modernism. Discourse 17.2: 6-25. Stowell, Sheila.

1992. A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of of internet Michigan Press. Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda.

In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Problems With Drinking? Kaplan, eds. Of Internet? The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting texts of high literary One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton. Forerunners of lines modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern that emerged in the public consciousness at of internet the turn of the century and shortly before. Tension between positive and negative evaluation of the what year New Woman as an effect, interesting topic to narrate.

Foci of New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style. Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Burke, Carolyn. 1984. Getting spliced: Modernism and Sexual Difference.

American Quarterly 39.1: 98-121. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. DeKoven, Marianne. 1991. Rich and Strange: Gender, History, Modernism . Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on problems Gender, History and Modernism (DeKoven's periodization: 1890-1930). Based on negative effect Derrida's concept of two co-existing paradoxes ( sous-rature ). The Risks Computer Dependency? Main point: male and female authors are afraid of revolutionary literary changes for different reasons: on the male side it is fear of of internet losing one's power position, on the female side it is fear of what year and juliet written being punished.

Textual material: analysis of canonized texts. Criticism: DeKoven's study is partially difficult to comprehend. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from negative effect, cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of a mockingbird publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Friedman, Ellen G. Effect? Miriam Fuchs, eds. 1989.

Breaking the Sequence: Women's Experimental Fiction . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on with and driving essay women and the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman.

London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on negative literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the to kill a mockingbird quotes New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. Effect? 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gilbert, Sandra M. Shakarganj Food? Susan Gubar, eds.

1986. The Female Imagination and the Modernist Aesthetic . Effect Of Internet? New York etc.: Gordon Breach. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. I: The War of the Words . New Haven: Yale UP.

Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. II: Sexchanges . New Haven: Yale UP. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. III: Letters from the Front . New Haven: Yale UP. Griffin, Gabriele, Ed.

1994. Difference in View: Women and Modernism . London: Taylor and Francis. Ingram, Angela Daphne Patai, eds. 1993. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Essay collection on radical feminist socialist women writers between 1889 and device use in lines written 1939. Textual material: novels in general (special focus on popular literature by effect forgotten female authors), a multitude of racism quotes biographical information, New Woman novel , Romance, Utopian fiction. Distinction between middle-class and effect of internet working-class authors and readers. Topics of social criticism: birth control, marriage, alcoholism, venereal disease. Formal aspects: Modification of plot with feminist impact.

Joannou, Maroula. 1995. Potato Cylinder? 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings.

Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Light, Alison. Negative Effect? 1991. Forever England: Femininity, literature and conservatism between the wars . London New York: Routledge. Laity, Cassandra. 1996.

H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Liska, Vivian. 1995. From Topos to Trope: Feminist Revision of Modernism. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the year was romeo written Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and effect the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 66-76. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . Device Wordsworth? London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the negative modernist era.

Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in racism quotes, literary criticism. Describes the effect of internet transitional period of does the poet lines written literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Effect Of Internet? Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Considers the socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Montefiore, Janet. 1996.

Men and Women Writers of the 1930s: The dangerous flood of history . London New York: Routledge. Useful study on lesser known authors and texts. Textual material: works by left-wing women writers, antifascist texts, novels, autobiography and poetry. Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine. Shakarganj Food? The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing.

London: New York: Routledge. Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900. Points to their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Negative Effect Of Internet? Forerunners of was romeo modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on the level of narration and negative of internet plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is to kill racism a source for less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . Effect? London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in 1890. Problems With And Driving Essay? Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Quinn, Patrick J., ed. 1996.

Recharting the Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on negative effect of internet the effects of World War I on society and particularly on literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and device does the poet wordsworth use in lines Elizabeth Bowen. Rado, Lisa, ed. 1994.

Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland. Feminist collection of essays on effect of internet modernism. Problems Drinking And Driving? Essays address the following topics: Dorothy Richardson as a modernist, Rebecca West as a critic, Left Bank Women and effect lesbian life, the work of racism Sylvia Townsend-Warner, women's magazines, Wyndham Lewis's Tarr (as a misogynous text). Of particular importance is Felski's article on negative of internet the term 'modernism' (see above Felski 1994). Schabert, Ina. 1997.

Englische Literaturgeschichte: Eine Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. Srebrnik, Patricia. 1994. The re-subjection of 'Lucas Malet': Charles Kingsley's daughter and the response to muscular Christianity. In: Donald E. Hall, ed.

Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. The Risks Essay? 194-214. Canon-revisionary article on Lucas Malet (pseudonym of Charles Kingsley's daughter). Questions traditional concepts of masculinity in Malet's Novels. Stowell, Sheila. 1992.

A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda. In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Waters, Chris. 1993. New Women and Socialist-Feminist Fiction: The Novels of Isabella Ford and Katherine Bruce Glasier.

In: Angela Ingram Daphne Patai, eds. Negative Effect Of Internet? Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. 25-42. Altick's seminal account of the development of the reading culture in England from the 15th to drinking and driving essay, the early 20th century. Especially his chapter on Periodicals and Newspapers 1851-1900 (chapter 15) is important for an understanding of the background of publication practices in the modernist period. Benstock, Shari. 1986. Effect? Women of the Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940 . London: Virago. An important study on women writers of the Left Bank in shakarganj food, general. Of special interest is chapter 10: At the Sign of the Printing Press: The Role of Small Presses and Little Magazines.

Unfortunately Benstock remains on a biographical and negative effect anecdotal level, introducing editors, publishers and contributors. She says very little about the actual contributions. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and problems with Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge. It is Parts III and IV (New Woman, New Journalism, the 1880s and 1890s, The reinvention of the effect domestic English woman: into the twentieth century) that are of particular interest. Beetham concentrates on magazines that offer alternative and reactionary discourses on shakarganj food women to the innovative trends of the time. She also comments on the literature that appeared in these magazines and its function. She thus offers an important view of this area of public culture that many of the modernist women reacted against. Dennison, Sally.

1984. [Alternative] Literary Publishing: Five Modern Histories . Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. Dennison demonstrates how all sorts of non-commercial publishing - from negative effect, self-publishing to small presses, university press publishing, little magazine publishing, publishing through a bookstore, and publishing through patrons - helped to further modernist literature and to make it accessible to a wider audience. In most cases such alternative publishing was the only means for with Essay young authors to get their works published at negative of internet all. Dennison uses Eliot, Joyce, Woolf, Nin, and Nabokov as examples. What she fails to notice is that alternative publishing can have commerical interests, too (see Rainey 1989, 1997, 1998). Dettmar, Kevin J.H.

Stephen Watt, eds. 1996. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. An important essay collection by young American scholars presenting a new perspective on and evaluation of modernist literature. They distance themselves from the traditional view of modernism as an awe-inspiring solitary fortress against a growing mass culture by showing that it was clearly rooted within commodity culture, too. Today it is difficult to imagine that some senior scholars refused to contribute to this collection because they considered it inappropriate to discuss financial interests and commodity culture in connection with modernist literature.

Of particular interest are the introduction and the poet the essays by Diepeveen, Materer, and Murphy (see the negative effect of internet respective entries). Eliot, Simon. 1994. Potato Cylinder? Some Patterns and Trends in British Publishing, 1800-1919 . London: The Bibliographical Society. A statistical survey of book and magazine publications in the period of effect 1800-1919. The data is covered in with Essay, six sections: Section A The Annual Pattern of Publication; Section B The Monthly Pattern of Publication 1800-1919; Section C Subject Publishing; Section D Price Structure; Section E Periodical Publication; Section F The Background. Unfortunately Eliot focuses mainly on the 19th century.

He has nothing to say on the magazine and newspaper market in the 20th century, for example, so that his survey is only of very limited value for the modernist period. Feather, John. 1988. A History of British Publishing . London: Croom Helm. Feather offers important background information about the of internet development of the publishing trade in Britain. Although he only focuses on potato cylinder commercial publishing the study offers some useful background information about the book market in general. Of particular interest is Part IV: The Trade in the Twentieth Century in which Feather uses Stanley Unwin, Victor Gollancz and Allen Lane as examplary publishers. Garrity, Jane.

1999. 'Selling Culture to the Civilized': Bloomsbury, British Vogue , and negative the Marketing of National Identity. Modernism/modernity 6.2: 29-58. Garrity shows that the connection between commodity culture and 'high culture' was much closer than has been previously thought by demonstrating how readily the various members of the Bloomsbury group published in Vogue . Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. The Risks Associated Computer Dependency Essay? 1987. Writing for their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on negative modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Of special interest for modernist publication practices in general are Chapter 12 'The public is a stupid beast. ' Book publishing I and Chapter 13 'There is a climax in sensibility' Book publishing II in which they particularly stress the close connection between little magazines and the book market. They argue that in most cases of shakarganj food experimental writing only publication in effect, little magazines made a later book publication possible.

Jensen, Robert. 1994. Does Wordsworth Lines Written? Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-Siècle Century Europe . Princeton: Princeton UP. Jensen does not deal with modernist literature but with art. It is nevertheless an interesting study to compare developments in the art world (especially the marketing of effect avant-garde artists) and the book market. Kaufmann, Michael. 1998. A Modernism of One's Own: Virginia Woolf's TLS Reviews and Eliotic Modernism.

In: Beth Carol Rosenberg Jeanne Dubino, eds. Virginia Woolf and the Essay . New York: St Martin's Press. 137-155. Kaufmann shows how the place of publication can be indicative of an author's conception of what was romeo written literature and her or his readership by effect comparing Virginia Woolf's and T.S. What Year And Juliet Written? Eliot's essays. He argues that Woolf's reviews in the TLS address a much more 'common reader' than Eliot's essays in ephemeral and elitist little magazines such as The Egoist and The Little Review . Keating, Peter. Effect? 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. A seminal social historical account of the development of the contemporary bookmarket.

Keating shows what influence the conditions and changes in the bookmarket had on writers. Leavis, Q.D. 1932. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? Fiction and the Reading Public . London: Chatto Windus. Leavis's still interesting study of British reading habits in the 1920s. It is not only an effect of internet, important document because of the potato cylinder empirical data she offers but also as a New Critical position taking within the intellectual and literary field of the negative effect of internet early 1930s. Lee, Hermione. 1998. Problems And Driving? 'Crimes of Criticism': Virginia Woolf and Literary Journalism. In: Jeremy Treglown Bridget Bennett, eds.

Grub Street and the Ivory Tower: Literary Journalism and Literary Scholarship from Fielding to the Internet . Oxford: Clarendon Press. 112-134. Lee not only gives an negative effect of internet, overview of Virginia Woolf's journalistic work but also shows how she used journals and literary and little magazines in order to advertise her own and her friends' work as well as the Hogarth Press. McDonald, Peter D. 1997. British Literary Culture and Publishing Practice 1880-1914 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Unfortunately a misleading title. McDonald does not analyse the potato cylinder publication system in the age of transition but rather in negative effect, late Victorianism. He hardly pays any attention to the authors of the 1890s. His case studies focus rather on Joseph Conrad, Arnold Bennett, and Arthur Conan Doyle without making clear why he chose these authors. Ohmann, Richard. 1996.

Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets, and Class at the Turn of the Century . New York: Verso. Rainey, Lawrence. 1998. Institutions of Modernism: Literary Editors and Public Culture . New Haven: Yale UP. A seminal contribution to the argument that the alleged gap between modernism and public (or even mass) culture was not as great as the modernists claimed themselves. As example cases Rainey uses the publication history of Pound, H.D., Joyce's Ulysses and Eliot's The Waste Land. One rather irritating 'flaw' of this otherwise important study is Rainey's discussion of H.D.

Here he leaves his seemingly disinterested position and tries to show that H.D.'s recanonisation by feminist critics was a mistake since H.D.'s work does not deserve it at all (a judgement of the value of an author he does not give with respect to what does the poet lines, any of the male authors!). Wexler, Joyce Piell. 1997. Who Paid for Modernism? Art, Money, and the Fiction of Conrad, Joyce, And Lawrence . Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press. Using the careers of effect Conrad, Joyce and Lawrence as examples Wexler demonstrates that the modernist artists' image as oppositions to to kill a mockingbird racism, financially oriented bourgeois artists is a myth and that authors made use of this myth to further their success. She also shows that in modernism the writer's position became particularly complicated because s/he was wedged between the Romantic ideal of the genius who shows no interest in his or her market value and an interest in acknowledgement (because no recognition at negative effect all is still regarded as a sign of failure) and being able to live on one's writing. White, Cynthia L. 1970.

Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of what year White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest. Willison, Ian, Warwick Gould and Warren Chernaik, eds.

1996. Modernist Writers and the Marketplace . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. An essay collection that deals with the conditions of publication for effect of internet modernist writers, focusing on problems drinking and driving the publication histories of individual (canonised) authors (James, Yeats, Conrad, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Pound, Lewis). Only Edward Bishops essay on negative of internet little magazines (see above) offers a more general overview on avant-garde publication practices. 291 (1915-1916, American magazine) The (New) Adelphi (1923-1955) Art and Letters (1917-1920) Blue Review (1913)

Broom (1921-1924, American magazine) The Calendar of Modern Letters (1925-1927) The Chapbook (1919-1925) The Criterion (1922-1939) The Dial (1880-1929, American magazine; especially the era of Scofield Thayer's and Marianne Moore's editorship 1920-1929)

The Egoist (1914-1919) The Enemy (1927-1929) (New) English Review (1908-1937) The (New) Freewoman (1911-1914) The Golden Hind (1922-1924) Life and Letters (1923-1924) Life and Letters later Life and Letters Today (1928-1950) The Little Review (1914-1929, American magazine) The London Aphrodite (1928-1929) The London Mercury (1919-1939)

The Masses (1911-1917, American magazine) New Age (1894-1938; especially the years of A.R. The Risks Dependency Essay? Orage's editorship, 1908-1922) The New Coterie (1925-1927) The New Masses (1926-. American magazine)

Others (1915-1919, American Magazine) Open Window (1910-1911) (New) Oxford Outlook (1919-1932) Oxford Broom (1923) The Palatine Review (1916-1917) Poetry (1912-present, American magazine; especially the phase of Harriet Monroe's editorship, 1912-1935) Poetry and negative Drama (1913-1914) The Poetry Review (1912-present)

The Scottish Chapbook (1922-1923) Secession (1922-1924; exile-American magazine published in various European cities) Time and Tide (1920-1979) [in its first phase 1920-1928 it was a little magazine] Transatlantic Review (1924-1925) transition (1927-1938, published in France and Holland) The Tyro (1921-1922)

Wheels: An Anthology of Verse (1916-1921) One of the first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of potato cylinder publication for experimental young authors. Anderson, Margaret. [1930] 1971. My Thirty Years' War . Westport: Greenwood Press.

Margaret Anderson's famous autobiography in which she not only negative, describes her unconventional life but also the development of to kill racism The Little Review under her editorship. This is, of course, a very subjective account, but it nevertheless contains important information for of internet any study on little magazines. Anonymous. 1941. Drinking Essay? Little Mags, What Now?. The New Republic 104.13: 424.

A state-of-the-art article on little magazines. The author discusses the development of a little-magazine culture in America from the 1920s to the late 1930s and argues for a revival of negative of internet little magazines in a 1920s fashion in order offer new authors a forum for publication. Baker, Denys Val, ed. 1943. Little Reviews Anthology . London: Allen Unwin. An anthology of what Baker himself calls the a mockingbird racism best writing which has appeared in the little reviews and literary magazines of Britain since the outbreak of war (v). His introduction offers some theoretical reflections on little magazines. Interesting is effect his choice of to kill little magazines from which he takes the stories and poems: The Bell , Horizon , Indian Writing , New Writing , Oasis , Opus , Our Time , Now , Poetry (London), Poetry Quarterly , Poetry Review , The Bell , New Vision , Wind and negative of internet the Rain , Oasis , Opus , Scythe (formerly Townsman ), and Seven . Barash, Carol.

1987. Dora Marsden's Feminism, the Freewoman , and the Gender Politics of Early Modernism. What The Poet Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? Princeton University Library Chronicle 49.1: 31-56. One of the first essays on the development of The (New) Freewoman / Egoist from a feminist to a literary little magazine. Barash presents this development as the story of Pound's take-over. This assessment has changed, though (see especially Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Bennett, David. 1989. Periodical Fragments and Organic Culture: Modernism, the Avant-Garde, and the Little Magazine.

Contemporary Literature 30: 480-502. The author sees in little magazines an example for effect a distinction between avant-garde and modernism as proposed by Peter Bürger (1974). Publications in the ephemeral medium of little magazines are still part of an drinking, avant-garde culture, but they become modernist texts by being published in book form. This distinction has been convincingly questioned by negative effect of internet Bishop (1996) and Associated Computer Rainey (1998). Benstock, Shari Bernard Benstock. Effect Of Internet? 1991.

The Role of Little Magazines in the Emergence of Modernism. Was Romeo And Juliet? Library Chronicle of the University of Texas 20: 68-87. An important overview of the copies of (American) little magazines at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at negative effect of internet the University of Texas, Austin. Unfortunately the authors remain on a merely biographical level. The editors of the little magazines and their aesthetic ideas are introduced. Benstock and Benstock say very little about the exact content of these magazines.

van den Berg, Hubert Ralf Grüttemeier, eds. 1998. Manifeste: Intentionalität (Avant Garde Critical Studies 11). Amsterdam Atlanta: Rodopi. A rather heterogeneous essay collection on literary manifestos (mainly European modernist ones). Theoretically the authors base their contributions on the intentionality debate (Eco, Searle, Fish, Knapp Michaels, Hirsch). The authors' claim that a manifesto is necessarily intentional and potato cylinder that its authors' intentions can be gauged from it is quite problematic. Of particular interest are the contributions by Wolfgang Asholt (on intentional strategies in futurist, dadaist and surrealist manifestos) and by Martin A. Kayman (on Pound and negative effect imagism). Bishop, Edward.

1996. With Drinking Essay? Re:Covering Modernism - Format and negative effect of internet Function in the Little Magazines. In: Willison, Gould and Chernaik, eds. 287-319. An important overview of little magazines from the 1890s to what wordsworth lines written, the 1920s.

Bishop pays special attention to the connection between visual and typographical design and the literary contents of these magazines. He sees the different magazine as a representation of the increasing institutionalisation of modernism (in this he argues against negative of internet Bennett's (1989) postulation that little magazines represent the avant-garde and not modernism). Bishop covers The Yellow Book , The Savoy , The Dial , The Little Review , Poetry , The Egoist , Blast , and Criterion . Bloomfield, B.C. 1976. An Author Index to what written, Selected British Little Magazines 1930-1939 . London: Manssell. An additional (but by far not as comprehensive) reference to effect of internet, Sader, ed. Potato Cylinder? (1976).

Bradbury, Malcolm. 1958. The English Review . London Magazine 5: 46-57. One of the negative effect first accounts of The English Review with a special focus on the period of Ford Madox Ford's editorship. Potato Cylinder? Bradbury stresses that this was one of the few Edwardian magazines where new and experimental could publish alongside more traditional ones. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1961. Effect Of Internet? The Calendar of Modern Letters : A Review in Retrospect.

London Magazine n.s. 1.7: 37-47. Bradbury's attempt to what year was romeo and juliet, revaluate The Calendar of Modern Letters as an important literary-critical review alongside The Criterion and The Adelphi . He points out that the Calendar served as model for F.R. Of Internet? Leavis's Scrutiny (a series of potato cylinder critical articles in the Calendar , called Scrutinies actually gave Leavis's magazine its name). Unfortunately the Calendar 's importance is still not recognised today. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971.

The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976. London 1890-1920. Negative Effect Of Internet? In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. This chapter is of interest because Bradbury introduces some of the important contemporary British little magazines such as Rhythm / The Blue Review , The Poetry Review , a Poetry and Drama , The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist , and Blast . Bradbury, Malcolm. 1995. The Criterion. A Literary Review in Retrospect.

The London Magazine 5.2: 41-54. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1999. Modernism and the Magazines. In: Heinz Antor and to kill racism quotes Kevin L. Cope, eds. Transcultural Encounters - Studies in English Literatures . Heidelberg: Winter. 187-313. A survey of little magazines which mainly remains on a positivist level, listing names of magazines, editors, and contributors. Bradbury demonstrates the interconnection of the development of modernism and effect of little magazine. He manages to give an idea of the diversity of magazines, but because he covers so many he does not have much space for detailed discussions of shakarganj food specific examples.

Bradbury, Malcolm James McFarlane. 1976. Movements, Magazines and Manifestos: The Succession from Naturalism. Of Internet? In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 192-205. The authors show how much the various European modernist movements (especially Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Surrealism, Expressionism, and Dadaism) depended on little magazines as an outlet.

Casford, E. Leonore. Shakarganj Food? 1929. The Magazines of the 1890's: A Chapter in the History of English Periodicals; Being a Critical Study of The Albemarle, The Yellow Book, and The Savoy, with a Brief Description of Other Literary Magazines of the negative 1890's (Language and Literature Series 1). Eugene: University of Oregon Press. An important overview of to kill racism quotes little magazines of the effect 1890s which shows how early the concept of little magazines received literary critical attention. Shakarganj Food? Apart from The Albemarle , The Yellow Book and The Savoy Casford also discusses The Anti-Philistine , The Butterfly , The Dome , Hobby Horse , The Pageant and The Quarto . Clarke, Bruce. 1985. Negative Effect? Dora Marsden's Egoism and Modernist Letters: West, Weaver, Joyce, Pound, Lawrence, Williams, Eliot. Works and Associated with Computer Dependency Days 2.2: 27-47. An early version of parts of effect his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996).

Clarke, Bruce. 1992. Dora Marsden and Ezra Pound: The New Freewoman and 'The Serious Artist'. Contemporary Literature 33.1: 91-112. An early version of parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996). Clarke, Bruce. Potato Cylinder? 1996.

Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. An important revaluation of Dora Marsden's role in negative, the cultural field at the beginning of the 20th century. Clarke argues that Marsden's intellectual development from suffragism to egoism mirrors in a nutshell the direction literature took at the time (a turn from personal politics to an individualistic literary practice, 1). He provides a detailed account of Marsden's philosophical, political and literary influences. Other than Barash (1987) Clarke sees Marsden's change of name of her little magazine from The (New) Freewoman to to kill a mockingbird, The Egoist as a voluntary one. He thus reduces the influence Pound allegedly had on her (see also Barash 1989; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993).

Clooney, J.P. 1938. Among the Magazines. The Phoenix 1.2: 134-150. A very critical review of negative effect a number of literary magazines of the time with quite different literary and political positions ( The Townsman , Purpose , Life and Letters Today , Poetry , The Examiner ). Shakarganj Food? Interesting as a document of negative how little magazines were received and discussed in the contemporary literary field. Diepeveen, Leonard. 1996. 'I Can Have More Than Enough Power to year was romeo and juliet, Satisfy Me': T.S. Eliot's Construction of negative effect of internet His Audience. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press.

37-60. An interesting discussion of how Eliot created his own elitist audience through his essays. Diepeveen shows the shakarganj food importance the ephemeral form of publication of little magazines had in this. Eliot argued that only in these smaller but literary more 'elitist' media of publication could he find what he termed the qualified reader Eliot explicitly differentiated himself from of internet, editors of larger - and thus to his mind more commercial - magazines such as The London Mercury (see also Kaufmann 1998 on the difference between Eliot's and Virginia Woolf's conceptions of their readership). Dupee, F.W. 1938. British Periodicals. Partisan Review 5: 45-48. A very critical review of does the poet use in lines written British little magazines.

Dupee criticises their apolitical stance (which is not surprising considering the political position of the Partisan Review ) and at the same time stresses their ideological heterogeneity. He also finds fault with the - to his mind - poor literary quality. He discusses The Criterion , Scrutiny , Purpose , Arena , Colosseum , Left Review , Life and Letters Today , and New Verse . Eliot, Thomas S. 1926. The Idea of a Literary Review. The New Criterion 4: 1-6. Eliot's own outline of an ideal little or literary magazine. It not only offers a contemporary perspective on little magazines but also reveals important information about his own conception of literature. Emmart, A.D. 1923.

The Limitations of American Magazines. Modern Quarterly 1.3: 17-26. A very conservative critique of American little magazines and the literature published in them. He particularly finds fault with an alleged lack of moral and too much experimentation in the field of psychological realism. Emmart is especially critical of The Dial and The Little Review . Ferrall, Charles. 1992a.

Suffragists, Egoists, and the Politics of Early Modernism. English Studies in negative, Canada 18.4: 433-446. Ferrall tries to show that Pound's 'take-over' of the New Freewoman and the change of name into shakarganj food The Egoist was not just an appropriation of a feminist magazine through 'phallocratic' and misogynist men but that this change reflects Marsden's development, too. He examines her turn from suffragism to a Nietzschean and Stirnerian egoism and points out some analogies between her political and philosophical writings and that of the imagists, especially Pound (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Ferrall, Charles. 1992b. The New Age and the Emergence of Reactionary Modernism Before the Great War. Modern Fiction Studies 38: 653-667. Ferrall counters the notion that the New Age was one of the central magazines in propagating modernism in general. In contrast to Martin (1967) he argues that A.R.

Orage, the editor at the time only supported politically reactionary authors such as Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis and thus contributed to the development of a 'reactionary modernism' only. Fletcher, John Gould. Negative Effect Of Internet? 1934. The Little Reviews: Yesterday and to kill racism To-Day. Space 1.8: 84-86. An contemporary account of American little magazines (1914-1929).

Fletcher observes a tendency towards a proletarisation and a decentralization of negative of internet American literature and culture through these new little magazines (85). He does, however, acknowledge that some of the new authors would have had no other possibility of publication. Garner, Les. 1990. A Brave and Beautiful Spirit: Dora Marsden 1882-1960 . Aldershot: Avebury. The first book-length biography of Marsden. An attempt at Associated Computer a revaluation of Marsden's role in effect of internet, the suffragette movement and in modernism. At times a little too subjective and anecdotal.

Of special interest are chapters 4 The Freewoman , 1911-1912; 5 The New Freewoman , June-December 1913; 6 The Egoist , January 1914-December 1919. Görtschacher, Wolfgang. 1993. Little Magazine Profiles: The Little Magazines in Great Britain 1939-1993. Salzburg: Salzburg University. Although Görtschacher focuses on little magazines of the second half of the 20th century his comments on the nature of potato cylinder little magazines in general are quite useful. What he offers is a descriptive discussion of various magazines and their editors (sometimes with interviews). It is a little odd, though, that he restricts the negative term 'little magazine' to poetry magazines only; his typology of little magazines is thus not very convincing. Graham, Walter. 1930.

English Literary Periodicals . New York: Thomas Nelson. A very early survey of problems with essay British periodical culture from the 18th century to the 1920s. Of Internet? He only briefly touches on little magazines, though. Of particular interest in this respect are Chapter 9 The Later Reviews and the Fortnightly , Chapter 11 The weekly journal of belles-lettres , and Chapter 12 (in which he discusses among other magazines The (New) Adelphi , The Athenaeum , The Criterion , The English Review , Life and Letters The London Mercury , and the TLS ). Grant, Joy. Was Romeo? 1967. Of Internet? Harold Monro and the Poetry Bookshop . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. A biography of one of the lesser known editors of little magazines ( The Poetry Review , Poetry and Drama , The Chapbook ) and a discussion of his own poetry. Hamilton, Ian. To Kill Quotes? 1976.

The Little Magazines: A Study of effect Six Editors . London: Weidenfels and Nicolson. A much quoted study in which Hamilton focuses on an anecdotal and biographical account of The Little Review , Poetry , The Criterion , New Verse , The Partisan Review , and Horizon . Hamilton's ironical comments on contributions that he regards as inferior can be quite irritating. One severe disadvantage is that he neither gives any bibliographical information about the quotations he uses nor offers a bibliography. Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. 1987. Shakarganj Food? Writing for their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Of particular interest for little magazines are Chapter 10 'The stand of the individual against immensities. ' - Periodical publishing I and Chapter 11: 'Life for Art's sake. ' - Periodical publishing II in which they discuss the role of women in little-magazine publishing.

Magazines they cover include The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist (here they hold the early feminist opinion that Pound forced Marsden into a change of name and conception of her magazine, cf. Barash), The Little Review , The Dial , Poetry , Contact , The Transatlantic Review , The Quarter , Close-up , and transitions . Hayman, Ronald. Negative Effect Of Internet? 1975. The Calendar of Modern Letters. New Review 1: 14-19. Heyl, Lawrence. Device The Poet Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? 1940. Little Magazines. Negative? The Princeton University Library Chronicle 2.1: 21-6. An early attempt at a definition and description of Associated with Essay (American) little magazines.

Interesting as a historical document. Hoffman, Frederick J. 1943. The Little Magazines: Portrait of an Age. The Saturday Review of Literature 26.52: 3-5. One of the first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Effect? Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of publication for experimental young authors. Hoffman, Frederick J., Charles Allen and Carolyn F. What And Juliet? Ulrich.

1946. The Little Magazine: A History and a Bibliography . Princeton: Princeton UP. Still the authoritative annotated bibliography of effect of internet British and potato cylinder American little magazines. The introductory chapters are also of interest. Hoffman, Allen, and of internet Ulrich even attempt a typology of little magazines, but mostly they remain on a positivist and anecdotal level listing dates of publication, names of editors and contributors, etc. Homberger, Eric. 1976. Chicago and New York: Two Versions of American Modernism. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 151-161.

Only of marginal interest for little magazines, but at least Homberger mentions the great influence of little magazines on the New York literary scene (e.g. What Year Was Romeo Written? The Liberator , Smart Set , Others , Glebe , Seven Arts , New Republic , The Freeman , Nation , Masses , The Little Review , The Dail ). Howarth, Herbert. T.S. Eliot's Criterion : The Editor and His Contributors.

Comparative Literature 2: 97-110. Johnson, Abby Arthur. 1973/74. The Politics of a Literary Magazine: A Study of The Poetry Review , 1912-1972. Journal of Modern Literature 3: 951-964. Joost, Nicholas.

1967. Years of Transition: The Dial 1912-1920 . Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers. A detailed study of the development of of internet The Dial from a rather conventional (literary) magazine to a platform for experimental literature under Scofield Thayer and Sibley Watson. Joost, however, argues that the to kill literature that appeared in the Dial has been overestimated and that more radical magazines such as The Little Review did much more to further modernist writings. Joost, Nicholas Alvin Sullivan. Negative? 1970. D.H. Lawrence and 'The Dial'. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois UP.

A detailed account of Lawrence's involvement with The Dial in with Dependency Essay, the course of his career. A bit too anecdotal at negative of internet times, but still readable. Kadlec, David. 1993. Pound, Blast , and shakarganj food Syndicalism. English Literary History 60.4: 1015-1031. Kadlec argues that the design of BLAST was informed by the development of syndicalist miner's actions in Wales under Tom Mann before WW I. According to him not only the magazine's name is indebted to the worker's movement but also its visual aggressiveness and aesthetic militancy.

He also attributes Pound's radical aesthetics in this period to his interest in syndicalism (introduced to him mainly via A.R. Orage's The New Age ). Kenner, Hugh. 1971. The Pound Era . Berkeley: University of effect of internet California Press. Kenner's book is interesting as an account of Pound's involvement with The New Freewoman / The Egoist - especially if you compare it with more recent studies of this little magazine. It is amazing how Kenner manages to leave out Dora Marsden's entirely! Knight, Melinda.

1996. What Does Wordsworth? Little Magazines and the Emergence of negative effect of internet Modernism in the Fin de Siècle . American Periodicals 6: 29-45. Knight convincingly demonstrates that little-magazine culture in America did not begin in 1912 with the appearance of Poetry , The Poetry Journal , The Smart Set and The Masses , but much earlier with fin-de-siècle magazines such as The Chap-Book , M'lle New York , The Fly Leaf , The Lark , The Philistine and The Risks Associated with Essay others. She argues for a revaluation of these magazines' influence in the development of modernism. Lewis, Wyndham. 1927. Editorial notes: Art and 'Radical' Doctrines. The Enemy 2: xxiii-xxviii.

Lewis's own 'position taking' in the literary field. His editorial mainly consists of a biting critique of transitions and Gertrude Stein's - to his mind - negative influence on it. Implicitly, of course, this is negative effect of internet indicative of his own conception of literature and little magazines. Lidderdale, Jane Mary Nicholson. 1970. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver, 1876-1961 . Negative Effect? London: Faber Faber. A still seminal biography of Harriet Shaw Weaver with a special focus on her role as Joyce's patron. But Lidderdale and Nicholson also touch upon her role as editor of The Egoist and publisher of The Egoist Press.

Little Magazine. 1997. Britannica CD: Version 97 . Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. A valuable first source of information on little magazines providing a definition, a list of the most prominent British and American little magazines, and a classification into different periods. MacKendrick, Louis K. 1972. New Freewoman : A Short Story of Literary Journalism. English Literature in Transition 15.3: 180-187. MacKendrick, Louis K.. 1975. T.S. Eliot and the Egoist : The Critical Preparation.

Dalhousie Review 55: 140-154. MacShane, Frank. 1961. The English Review . South Atlantic Quarterly 60: 311-320. Marek, Jayne E. What Year? 1995. Negative Effect? Women Editing Modernism: Little Magazines and shakarganj food Literary History . Lexington: The UP of Kentucky.

A very important feminist contribution to the history of little magazines. Marek tries to show that in the function of publishers and editors more women were involved in the development of modernism than traditional accounts convey. The question, however, remains why there were not more women contributors (especially in a British context). With the negative exception of Bryher, Marek focuses on American women editors and publishers (Harriet Monroe, Alice Corbin Henderson, Margaret Anderson, Jane Heap, Bryher, Marianne Moore) and has an additional chapter on potato cylinder Ezra Pound's role in little magazine culture. Marek concentrates on the editors' own writings in their magazines and their personal contacts. She says hardly anything about the set-up of particular issues or the norms and values conveyed in of internet, other contributions. Marks, Peter. 1997. Potato Cylinder? Illusion and Reality: the Spectre of effect Socialist Realism in Thirties Literature Williams, Keith Steven Matthews, eds. Rewriting the Thirties: Modernism and After . London New York: Longman. 23-36.

In his essay on what year was romeo and juliet British literature of the 1930s Marks also discusses the role of little magazines. He distinguishes between left-wing magazines that explicitly engage in the relationship between literature and politics (such as The Left Review , New Signatures , The Adelphi , and Cambridge Left ) and those magazines that are their unpolitical or conservative ( New Verse , The Criterion , Scrutiny ). Effect? Interesting for an analysis of the development of little magazine culture. Martin, Peter A. 1977. The Short Story in England: 1930s Fiction Magazines. Studies in Short Fiction 14: 233-240.

An account of the role of little magazines ( New Writing , New Stories , Lovat Dickson's Magazine , Penguin Parade ) in the development of prose writing - especially the short story - in what does use in, the 1930s. Martin, Wallace. 1967. The New Age Under Orage: Chapters in English Cultural History . Negative Effect Of Internet? Manchester: Manchester UP. One of the to kill a mockingbird first studies on negative effect of internet the role of the New Age in the modernist period. Martin is a little too enthusiastic in portraying The New Age as a platform for innovative and experimental authors alongside BLAST and The Egoist (see for example Ferrall 1992b for a more critical evaluation of the magazine). Masteller, Richard N. 1997. Using Brancusi: Three Writers, Three Magazines, Three Versions of Modernism. American Art 11.1: 47-66.

Materer, Timothy. 1996. Make It Sell! Ezra Pound Advertises Modernism. In: Kevin J.H. With Drinking And Driving? Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press.

17-36. Materer shows how Pound took over advertising schemes from commodity culture in order to make Imagism and Vorticism popular. He thus discloses the allegedly unbridgeable gap between the avant-garde and consumer culture as a mere modernist self-stylisation. He demonstrates how Pound used little magazines such as The Egoist , The Little Review and BLAST for his purpose and negative how these magazines themselves adopted methods from commodity culture advertising. Morrisson, Mark S. Shakarganj Food? 1996. The Myth of the Whole: Ford's English Review , The Mercure de France and Early British Modernism. ELH 63: 513-533. Morrisson argues that Ford turned to France, i.e. the Mercure de France in his outline of effect The English Review because he saw no English equivalent that could bridge the gap between 'high' literary standards and a broad audience.

He wanted neither a typical coterie magazine nor one of the typical mass papers such as the Daily Mail . Morrisson, Mark S. 1997. Marketing British Modernism: The Egoist and Counter-Public Spheres. Twentieth Century Literature 43.4: 439-469. An analysis of the development from The Freewoman as a suffragist magazine to The Egoist as a magazine of the literary avant-garde. Morrisson shows that this change not only had an what device wordsworth lines written, influence on the readership of the magazine but on of internet advertisers as well. He argues that The Egoist folded up because in contrast to The Freewoman it failed to address a homogeneous audience (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 2001; Thacker 1993). Morrisson, Mark S. 2001. The Public Faces of quotes Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception 1905-1920 . Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press. A seminal study of little magazines. Morrisson not only gives the typical account of negative little magazines' central role in the development of modernism but also analyses their relationship to what he calls the 'public sphere'.

He thereby manages to demonstrate convincingly that the alleged gap between mass culture and potato cylinder the avant-garde is not as great as has been posited. He focuses on four British ( The English Review , Poetry and Drama , The Egoist , Blast ) and two American ( The Little Review , The Masses ) magazines (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997; Thacker 1993). Munson, Gorham. 1937. How to Run a Little Magazine. The Saturday Review of Literature 15.22: 3-4, 14, 16-17. A contemporary discussion of negative effect little magazine culture.

Munson interestingly already claims to have noticed a decline of and loss of interest in little magazines as compared with the 1920s. Murphy, Michael. 1996. 'One Hundred Per Cent Bohemia': Pop Decadence and the Aestheticization of Commodity in the Rise of the Slicks. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 61-89. Murphy demonstrates that the connection between commodity culture and avant-garde culture was much closer than has been previously thought. He uses Vanity Fair to show how quickly commodity culture picked up some of the features of the avant-garde. Not only did modernist authors publish in magazines such as Vanity Fair but also the advertisements in these magazines show clear influences of modernist art.

Nelson, Cary. 1989. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory, 1910-1945 . Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. In his study on American poetry of the first half of the 20th century Nelson also briefly discusses the shakarganj food role little magazines (including left-wing magazines and magazines of the Harlem Renaissance) played in the publication and, ultimately, canonization of some of the best known authors. He also provides an of internet, impressive variety of illustrations from little magazines. Nelson's canon debate originates in a Marxist rather than a gender-oriented position, but he discusses some lesser-known women authors, too. One great disadvantage is the structure of the book: Nelson deliberately designed it as one long essay without chapter divisions so that the reader is drinking and driving essay left with the detective work of deducing from the implicit information given in negative, the course of the study what organisational principle underlies the potato cylinder study. Pollack, Felix. Effect Of Internet? 1976. Elitism and the Littleness of Little Magazines. Southwestern Review 61: 297-303.

Pound, Ezra. 1930. Small Magazines. Device Does Written? The English Journal 19.9: 689-704. Pound's own position on the role and functions of little magazines. He discusses almost exclusively the magazines he was involved with (and, of course, he is very critical of negative of internet those he has left, such as Poetry ). He covers Poetry , The Egoist , The English Review, The Little Review , The Dial , and briefly The Criterion , transatlantic review , and transition . Rainey, Lawrence. 1989. The price of modernism: reconsidering the publication of The Waste Land . Critical Quarterly 31.4: 21-47. Rainey's seminal first contribution to the discussion of modernism's economic interests. He demonstrates that the question of where to publish The Waste Land was guided by financial interests.

Eliot ultimately chose the magazine ( The Dial ) that offered the most and actually made quite a lot of money. The modernists' self-stylization as artists who had no interest in financial success whatsoever thus has to be modified. Rainey, Lawrence. 1997. The real scandal of Ulysses : How literary modernism came to retreat from the public sphere. Dependency? TLS (January 31): 11-13. Rainey argues that Sylvia Beach's decision to publish Ulysses was not just a selfless act of support for an avant-garde author, but was guided by financial considerations as well. Negative? She consciously chose to potato cylinder, publish Ulysses as a deluxe and not as a limited edition. The book thus immediately became a collector's item rather than a book for a limited audience. The attention was diverted from the content to the book as object.

Rhondda, Viscountess, Margaret Haig. 1933. This Was My World . London: Macmillan. Lady Rhondda's highly interesting autobiography in effect, which she also briefly mentions the foundation and development of Time and Tide . Rosenberg, Harold. 1938. Literature Without Money. Direction 1.3: 6-10. A contemporary discussion of the role of little magazines in the development of modernism in America. Shakarganj Food? Rosenberg stresses that the little magazines often served as a first step in the publication history of an author and that commercial magazines and publishing houses latched on when they considered her or him financially promising. He notices a difference in negative of internet, reception with regard to the three genres (decidedly less interest in poetry with the commercial publishers).

Sader, Marion, ed. 1976. What Does Use In Lines Written? Comprehensive Index to English Language Little Magazines 1890-1970 . Millwood, NY: Kraus-Thomson-Organization. A six-volume author index to over one hundred - mainly American and British - little magazines. The entries include information on works by and about authors who were published in these magazines (interviews, articles, essays, poems, drama, fiction). Schwartz, Delmore. 1939.

The Criterion , 1922-1939. Kenyon Review 1: 437-449. Selver, Paul. 1959. Orage and The New Age Circle: Reminiscences and Reflections . London: Allen Unwin.

This is negative of internet more an autobiography than an account of The New Age and device the poet wordsworth its editor A.R. Negative? Orage although he tries to potato cylinder, improve Orage's reputation with his book. Selver describes his own (rather marginal) function in negative effect of internet, the magazine. His comments on some of the avant-garde authors reflects his own conservative literary values. Singer, Herman B. 1940. A Mockingbird Quotes? The Modern Quarterly 1923-1940. Modern Quarterly 11.7: 13-19. A characterisation of Modern Quarterly from a political perspective. Singer focuses on the editor's (V.F.

Calverton) position with respect to marxism and the Soviet Union and its influences on the magazine. He hardly says anything about the literature in effect, Modern Quarterly . Spender, Dale. 1984. Time and Tide Wait for No Man . London etc.: Pandora Press. One of the few accounts of Time and what device wordsworth use in lines written Tide . Unfortunately Spender concentrates on giving biographical information about the most important (political) contributers (Lady Rhondda, Elizabeth Robins, Rebecca West, Cicely Hamilton, Helena M. Swanwick, Winifred Holtby, Very Brittain, and Crystal Eastman) and on of internet reprinting some of their articles. Apart from naming some of the most prominent authors that appeared in Time and Tide she says very little about the magazine's literary contents. Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1984. British Literary Magazines: The Victorian and Edwardian Age, 1837-1913 . Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press.

To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The Risks With? The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1986. British Literary Magazines: The Modern Age, 1914-1984 . Effect Of Internet? Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press. To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the with drinking and driving magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Symons, Julian.

1967. The Cri. London Magazine n.s. 7: 19-23. A description of The Criterion . Symons presents the magazine as an odd combination of a conservative and overly academic literary criticism and an interest in literary innovation, revealing T.S. Eliot's own position.

This also becomes apparent in Eliot's conservative social criticism. Symons notes some of the poetry that was published in The Criterion as remarkable, the of internet prose less so and he complains that some genres such as history and biography were ignored altogether. Tell, Waldo. 1934. Review of Radical Magazines. Partisan Review 1: 60-63. An early account of a new turn to the left in (American) little magazines of the 1930s. Tell introduces Left Front , The Anvil , Dynamo , and Blast (not Wyndham Lewis's London magazine of 1913). Thacker, Andrew. 1993.

Dora Marsden and The Egoist : 'Our War Is With Words'. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 36.2: 178-196. Another attempt to what year and juliet written, revaluate Marsden's position as editor of The (New)Freewoman / The Egoist and negative effect of internet her role in the development of literary modernism (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001) Todd, Ruthven. Written? 1939. The Little Review.

Twentieth Century Verse 15/16: 159-162. An early account of The Little Review focusing mainly on its early years. Todd criticises Margaret Anderson's indiscriminate choice of literature and negative of internet stresses that her only real 'find' was Ulysses . Problems Drinking Essay? He sees the negative effect of internet most important improvement of the magazine in potato cylinder, Pound's employment as foreign editor. Trilling, Lionel. 1951. The Function of the Little Magazine.

The Liberal Imagination Essays on Literature and Society . London: Secker and Warburg. Effect Of Internet? 93-103. Originally published as an individual essay in 1946 in an anthology on and of The Partisan Review this is another quite early literary-critical account of the function of little magazines, especially with respect to the development of modernism. Trilling criticises that the intellectuals of his time have lost interest in the poet wordsworth lines written, literature but sees a new hope in negative effect of internet, politically oriented little magazines such as The Partisan Review . Troy, William. 1930. The Story of the Little Magazines. The Bookman 70: 476-481, 657-563. Vondeling, Johanna E. 2000. The Manifest Professional: Manifestos and what year was romeo Modernist Legitimation.

College Literature 27.2: 127-145. Vondeling's notion of the manifesto is a little too vague, including essays and programmatic poetry, but she offers an negative of internet, interesting analysis of the function of little magazines in an author's self-legitimation. She focuses on Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto, Pound's essays in Associated with Dependency Essay, BLAST , and effect Loy's Feminist Manifesto and her essay International Psycho-Democracy. Wall, Alan. 1976. Little Magazines: Notes towards a methodology. What Wordsworth Use In? In Francis Barker et al., eds. Literature, Society and the Sociology of Literature (Proccedings of the Essex Conference of the Sociology of Literature). Effect? Colchester: University of Essex. 105-117.

Wall provides some genereal sociological reflections from a typical 1970s marxist position on Associated Dependency the status of effect little magazines. His main focus is on The Calendar of Modern Letters , though. In spite of Wall's today rather outmoded political stance he offers a valuable attempt to written, go beyond a mere positivist listing of names of authors, editors and contributors. Whiteley, Mary N.S. 1932. Shall We Let It Die?

The Saturday Review of Literature 9.2: 19. A letter to the editor that regrets the imminent death of negative of internet Harriet Monroe's Poetry . In a retrospective account Whitley stresses the magazine's importance in the advancement of modernist - especially imagist - poetry. Young, Alan Michael Schmidt. 1973. A Conversation with Edgell Rickword.

Poetry Nation 1: 73-89. Zabel, Morton Dauwen. 1929. The Way of Periodicals. Poetry 34.6: 330-4. A comment on the death of The Dial and The Little Review , which Zabel with amazing foresight also regards as the end of a literary-historical era: In going, they open the way to our next literary period, and so leave with us some of the sensations of suspense we experienced when they first flashed upon the view (1929: 334). Study on the situation of women between the wars. Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of potato cylinder emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio.

Images of effect of internet Women, influence on women writers. Brantlinger, Patrick. 1996. 'The Bloomsbury Fraction' Versus War and Empire. In: Carola M. Kaplan Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. 149-167. Buitenhuis, Peter. 1987. The Great War of Words: British, American, and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933 . Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. Study on war and literature.

Key words: established (male) authors, war euphemisms, war propaganda. Potato Cylinder? Textual material: predominantly pamphlets, but also narrative fiction. Fictional accounts less obvious and stereotypical, more ambivalence (cf. ch. 8). Buitenhuis distinguishes between two phases: 1st phase - patriotic, glorification of war, 2nd phase - less patriotic, critical discussion of war. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Effect? Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487.

Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Lines Written? Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Fussell, Paul. 1975. The Great War and Modern Memory . Negative? London New York: Oxford. Study on war and The Risks Associated Computer Dependency modernism.

Details on World War I: major events, the end of the Great War - national ideals vs. reality. Foci: war landscape - depiction of the negative effect trenches and actual fighting, enemy territory vs. What Year Was Romeo And Juliet? friendly territory, contrast home front - front, dichotomy of good and evil. Of Internet? Mythicisation and fictionalization of war: revival of the cultic, the mystical, the sacrificial, the sacramental and the universally significant. Speechlessness in the face of terror and its euphemistic verbalisation. The pastoral as a sheltering place of escape. Homoeroticism.

Criticism: study is restricted to shakarganj food, male authors and negative effect provides questionable value judgements. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Written? Deals with established and less established writers. (ch. Negative? 6: Women's War) Goldman, Dorothy, ed. 1993.

Women and World War I: The Written Response . Basingstoke: Macmillan. Essay collection on women writers' reactions to World War I. Introduces female authors (not restricted to British ones). Key words: War from a female perspective, female world of experience. Patriotic vs. Year Written? pacifist attitudes. Textual material: poetry (contrast to male war poets) and novels. Hewitt, Douglas. Negative Effect? 1988. English Fiction of the potato cylinder Early Modern Period, 1890-1940 . Longman Literature in of internet, English Series. London, New York: Longman. Higonnet, Margaret et al., eds. 1987.

Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars . New Haven London: Yale UP. Essay collection on gender and war. Postulates a gender-specific experience of the World Wars: confirmation of traditional gender roles, yet some change of gender consciousness in the field of war occupations such as driver, nurse, factory worker new professions (see Higonnet, Gould, Gubar). Questioning of masculinity through depiction of war neurosis and mutilation (see Showalter). Different perspectives and manners of perceiving war: men focus on the dramatic war action, women focus on the long-term effects of the war. The Risks Associated Computer? (cf. Rebecca West's The Return of the Soldier ). Special role of negative literature: expresses problems more poignant, yet has little effect on political change. Hynes, Samuel.

1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. What Was Romeo And Juliet Written? London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of World War I on literature and art. Introduces war as a driving force for Modernism. Key words: Loss of values.

Decadence. Search for effect of internet new forms and contents. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for adequate representation of war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of space is negative further considered. Captures the with drinking and driving time before and after the negative war in different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography.

Kern, Stephen. 1983. What The Poet Wordsworth Lines? The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Of Internet? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. (ch. 11: The Cubist War) Longenbach, James. 1989. The Women and Men of problems with 1914. In: Helen M. Cooper, Adrienne Auslander Munich Susan Merill Squier, eds. Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation . Chapel Hill, London: The University of North Carolina Press. 97-123. Lucas, John.

1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Negative Effect? Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Cultural-theoretical study on the 1920s as a time of radical change. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of shakarganj food their radicality: Effects of Wold War One on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Effect Of Internet? Considers literary representation of space. Mowat, John Loch.

1955. Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. 1995. Modernisms: A Literary Guide . A Mockingbird? London: Macmillan. Study on the time between the two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and mass media. Onions, John. 1990. English Fiction and negative of internet Drama of the Great War, 1918-39.

Basingstoke: Macmillan. Study on British war fiction. Similar to Hynes (1990), but not as detailed. Centred on the figure of the hero and likewise the anti-hero. Considers comparatively few literary works, most of the poet them established texts. Devaluation of minor works.

Ouditt, Sharon. Negative Of Internet? 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and what does the poet wordsworth use in written Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Negative Effect Of Internet? Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. What And Juliet Written? Feminist pacifism. Negative Effect? The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of device does the poet wordsworth lines written roles as a danger to identity.

Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Quinn, Patrick J., ed. 1996. Recharting the negative effect Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on potato cylinder the effects of World War I on society and particularly on literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Trout, Steven.

1986. R. H. Effect Of Internet? Mottram: The Great War and Europa's Beast . In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the shakarganj food Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 51-63. Tylee, Claire M. 1990.

The Great War and Women's Consciousness: Images of Militarism and Womanhood in Women's Writings, 1914-64 . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. de Vries, Jaqueline. Effect Of Internet? 1994. Gendering Patriotism: Emmeline and shakarganj food Christabel Pankhurst and World War I. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. 75-88. Wilson, Trevor.

1986. Effect? The Myriad Faces of War: Britain and what device does wordsworth the Great War 1914-1918 . Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on negative of internet World War I: based upon facts and events. Key words: happenings at the front, the home front, working situation, job market and drinking women's participation. Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Effect? Key words: war and with essay loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Zilboorg, Caroline.

1996. Irene Rathbone: The Great War and effect of internet Its Aftermath. In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 64-81. Berg, Christian, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. What Year Was Romeo And Juliet? 1995. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Negative Effect? Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Bloom, Clive, ed. 1993.

Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on The Risks with the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on negative effect of internet literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of problems and driving essay aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Booth, Michael R. Joel H. Effect? Kaplan, eds. What Wordsworth Lines? 1996. Negative Effect? The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Essay collection on Edwardian theatre. Focus on the business aspects of theatre: stage, management, critics, audience.

Popular theatre: musical comedy, Music Hall, Variety, suffrage plays, East End popular theatre. Associated With Computer? Popularity of effect Cross-dressing: male cross-dressing as misogynist, female as positive (imitating the male accepted norm), general implication: blurring of gender boundaries. Butler, Christopher. 1994. Early Modernism: Literature, Music, and Painting in Europe, 1900-1916 . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chinitz, David. 1997.

Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP.

Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and problems and driving essay the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector.

Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of negative effect of internet interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Griffin, Gabriele. 1994. Becomings as Being: Leonora Carrington's Writings and Paintings 1937-40. In: Griffin, Gabriele, ed. What Year? Difference in View: Women and Modernism . London: Taylor and Francis. Holledge, Julie.

1981. Innocent Flowers: Women in the Edwardian Theatre . London: Virago. Hynes, Samuel. 1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of of internet World War I on literature and year was romeo and juliet art. Effect Of Internet? Introduces war as a driving force for modernism.

Key words: Loss of values. Decadence. Search for new forms and contents. War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for an adequate representation of war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of space is further considered. Captures the time before and after the year was romeo and juliet written war in different phases. Effect? Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography. Isaak, Jo Anna.

1986. The Ruin of Representation in Modernist Art and Texts . A Mockingbird Quotes? Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press. Kahn, Elizabeth Louise. Negative Of Internet? 1997. Engendering the Scandal: The Cubist House and problems drinking and driving essay the Private Spaces of Modernity. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Negative Of Internet? Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Potato Cylinder? 175-198. Effect? Kaplan, Joel H. Sheila Stowell. 1994.

Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence. Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and potato cylinder its alteration in the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for negative effect of internet the stage as well as social reality. Lucas, John.

1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. Potato Cylinder? 4 on Jazz) Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out negative several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Lyon, Janet. 1992. Racism? Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133.

Article on the suffrage movement and negative developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and problems with drinking essay self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Plassard, Didier. 1995. Le Théatre de Kandinsky face à l'interpretation. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 507-521. Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in negative effect of internet, Early Modern Dance. In: Lisa Rado, ed.

Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279. Stevenson, Randall. 1992. Modernist Fiction: An Introduction . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. (ch. 4 on art) Weisstein, Ulrich. 1995. Shakarganj Food? How Useful is the Term 'Modernism' for negative the Interdisciplinary Study of written Twentieth-Century Art?.

In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Yaari, Monique. 1995. Of Internet? Ironies of Modern/Postmodern Art: Duchamp, Margritte, Adami. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and to kill racism Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 537-552. Zabel, Barbara. 1997. Negative? Gendered Still Life: Painting of shakarganj food Still Life in the Machine Age.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 229-246. Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars.

Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of effect of internet emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Bloom, Clive, ed. 1993. Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on The Risks with Dependency literature and art in effect, their relation to what year, society. Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Carey, John.

1992. Effect Of Internet? The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Key words: polarization - mass culture vs. literary elite. Revolt of the masses. Rewriting the masses: question of value judgements, increase in value. Device Does Wordsworth Use In Lines Written? Cultivation of high intellectual standards as a means of excluding the masses from a reading public. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh.

DiBattista, Maria Lucy McDiarmid, eds. 1996. High and Low Moderns: Literature and Culture 1889-1939 . Oxford: Oxford UP. Hewett, Angela. 1994. The Great Company of Real Women': Modernist Women Writers and Mass Commercial Culture. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland.

351-372. Huyssen, Andreas. 1986. After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . London: Macmillan. LeMahieu, D. L. 1988. A Culture for Democracy: Mass Communication and the Cultivated Mind in Britain between the of internet Wars. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties. A Mockingbird Racism? Aspects of effect Writing, Politics and Culture.

Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on drinking the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from negative of internet, cultural theory. Points out does use in lines written several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of effect of internet their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of Dependency Essay novels (also by female authors). Melman, Billie.

1988. Women and the Popular Imagination in negative effect of internet, the Twenties: Flappers and Associated Essay Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s. Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Analysis of effect a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines.

Rado, Lisa, ed. 1997. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Heterogenous essay collection. Key words: Flaneuse, Striptease, spirituality (moments of being), advertising in popular magazines, Modernist Design, Modern Dance, primitivist and matriarchal tendencies ( Herland ), Flappers and Jazz. Trodd, Anthea 1998. Women Writing in English: Britain 1900 1945. London: Longman. Wicke, Jennifer. 1988.

Advertising Fictions: Literature, Advertisement, Social Reading . New York, Columbia UP. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in what year written, the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of California Press. Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and negative Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. Potato Cylinder? 3. München: iudicum. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure. Space and identity. Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 281-287. The article deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different rooms of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Becker, Sabina. 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930.

St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Berghahn, Daniela. 1988. Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.

Authoritative text on literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of negative of internet space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H. Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in English Literature. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976.

London 1890-1930. Shakarganj Food? In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986.

Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of negative effect Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (cf. Ströker and Hoffmann) and Associated with structuralist (cf.

Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of spatial perception in of internet, streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. And Driving Essay? space which can be physically entered. Space and of internet identity. Spatial textual structures. Carey, John. 1992. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939.

London: Faber Faber. (Chap. Racism Quotes? 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective.

In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . Effect? University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the and juliet written garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men. Frank, Joseph. 1963.

Spatial Form in effect, Modern Literature. In: The Widening Gyre: Crisis and Mastery in Modern Literature . New Brunswick: Rutgers UP. 3-63. Article on potato cylinder textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Of Internet? Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? Ambiguous Discourse: Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

109-136. Article is an example of the effect notion of text as space. Structure of text and device does the poet lines structure of communication: intertextual, historical and of internet psychological (semiotic and what device does wordsworth use in lines symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith. Effect? 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of and juliet written American Cultural Studies : 187-230. Article on gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the of internet century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and with Dependency feminist reform efforts. Gindin, James.

1992. British Fiction in the 1930s: The Dispiriting Decade . New York: St. Martin's Press. Study introduces only the well-known texts of the 1930s. There are several references to the literary representation of space (ex. Negative? Rosamond Lehman, Elizabeth Bowen)

Hertel, Kirsten. 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. The Risks Computer Dependency? Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. Negative Of Internet? 1984. The Metropolis in Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940.

London: Mansell. 129-145. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of year was romeo and juliet Time and Space 1880 1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on modernist concepts of time and space. Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity. Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and negative of internet sculpture. Film (rapid change of what written pictures and scenes).

Heterogeneous space. Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Effect? Expansion and reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and problems with drinking and driving essay private transport, aviation).

Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of consciousness). Klarer, Mario. Effect Of Internet? 1995. Simultaneity and Gender in Modernist Discourses. In: Near Encounters. Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary study on the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and gender.

Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Müller, Lothar. Shakarganj Food? 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne.

Reinbek: Rowohlt. 14-36. Pike, Burton. 1981. Negative Effect Of Internet? The Image of the Associated Computer Essay City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction.

Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in the perception of nature. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spencer, Sharon.

1971. Space, Time and Structure in the Modern Novel . New York: New York UP. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. Of Internet? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the shakarganj food International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol.

3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Article on the connecting and separating aspects of a boundary. Of Internet? Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Voss, Dietmar.

1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. What Was Romeo And Juliet? Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. Negative Effect? The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. Problems With Drinking And Driving? London: Sidgwick Jackson.

Wolff Janet. Negative? 1985. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? The Invisible Flaneuse. Women and the Literature of Modernity. Effect Of Internet? Theory, Culture and to kill racism quotes Society 2.3: 37-46. Würzbach, Natascha. in print.

Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Theory of subjectivity and identity. Negative Effect? The significance of space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Codes of spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Ackroyd, Peter. [2000] 2001. London. Problems Drinking And Driving? The Biography . London: Vintage.

Alexander, Sally. 1989. Becoming a Woman in London in the 1920s and 1930s. In: David Feldman Gareth Stedman Jones, eds. Metropolis London: Histories and Representations since 1800. London New York: Routledge. 245-271.

Alter, Peter. 1993. Im Banne der Metropolen: Berlin und London in den zwanziger Jahren . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Alter, Peter. 2000. London in negative effect of internet, der Neuzeit. In: Andreas Sohn Hermann Weber, eds.

Haupstädte und Global Cities an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert . Bochum: Winkler. 57-79. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of potato cylinder California Press.

Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in negative, the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the potato cylinder International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure. Space and identity. Becker, Sabina. 1993.

Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in English Literature. Negative Effect? Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. What Device Wordsworth Written? 10 Contemporary London)

Bradbury, Malcolm. Negative? 1976. London 1890-1930. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. Breuner, Michael. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.

Study on the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city. Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Brooks, J.A. 1982. Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Carey, John. Wordsworth? 1992.

The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. (Chap. 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of of internet established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature.

Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson. Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351 - 375. Frisby, David.

2001. Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations . Cambridge: Polity Press. Harding, Desmond. 2002. Writing the City: Urban Visions And Literary Modernism . New York: Routledge. Hertel, Kirsten. 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole.

Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. 1984. The Metropolis in Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. 129-145. Kilian, Eveline. 2002. Exploring London.

Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283. Klotz, Volker. 1969.

Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen.

München: Fink. Kursbuch Stadt. Wordsworth Use In Written? Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972.

Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. Lehan, Richard. 1998. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History . Berkeley: University of California Press. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. Manley, Lawrence. 1995.

Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. Negative Of Internet? 1987. Reading the Illegible. Shakarganj Food? Some Modern Representations of negative effect of internet Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Racism? 232-256.

Milgram, Stanley. 1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. In: Klaus R. Negative Of Internet? Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt.

14-36. Nord, Deborah Epstein. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Nowel, Ingrid. Problems Drinking And Driving? 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt - Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Köln: Dumont. Parson, Deborah L. 2000.

Streetwalking the Metropolis: Women, the City and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford UP. Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Negative? Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Hannover: Jänecke. Pike, Burton. 1981.

The Image of the City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Punter, David. Potato Cylinder? 1979. Negative Effect? Blake's Capital Cities. In: P. Weston, ed. London in Literature. London: Roehampton Institute. 46-72. Scherpe, Klaus R., ed.

1988. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. Sennett, Richard, ed. 1978. What Does Use In Written? Classic Essays on negative the Culture of Cities . New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Sennet, Richard. 1995. Shakarganj Food? Flesh and Stone. The Body and the City in Western Civilization . London: Faber Faber. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed.

1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and effect Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Urban Resources . 3.2: 55-57. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the racism quotes Modern City. In: William Sharpe und Leonard Wallock, Hgg.

Visions of the Modern City. Negative Effect? Essays in History, Art, and year was romeo and juliet written Literature. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. Negative Effect? 1987.

From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. Shakarganj Food? In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Of Internet? Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989.

A Female Vision of the shakarganj food City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. Negative Effect? 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed.

1984. Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of Tennessee Press. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City. Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. (Ch. 5 The Carnival and Funeral of Mrs Dalloway's London)

Sutcliffe, Anthony, ed. 1984. Potato Cylinder? Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and negative effect of internet Art. Manchester: Manchester UP. Twyning, John. 1998.

London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Voss, Dietmar. 1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weigel, Sigrid.

1990. Negative Effect Of Internet? 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. What Device Wordsworth Written? Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984.

The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. Negative? London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1914-1939. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983. The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan.

Wilson, Elizabeth. 1991. The Sphinx in the City: Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women . London: Virago. Wolff Janet. 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse. Women and the Literature of racism Modernity. Theory, Culture and negative Society 2.3: 37-46. Bausinger, Hermann et al., eds.

1991. Reisekultur: Von der Pilgerfahrt zum modernen Tourismus . München: Beck. Berghoff, Hartmut, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? 2002. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. Blake, Susan L. 1990.

A Woman's Trek: What Difference Does Gender Make? Women's Studies International Forum 13.4: 347-353. Birkett, Dea. Negative Effect Of Internet? 1989. Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers . Oxford: Blackwell. Black, Jeremy. 1985. The British and the Grand Tour . London: Croom Helm. Blunt, Elison Gillian Rose, eds. 1994.

Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies . New York: The Guilford Press. Collection of Associated Dependency Essay essays on ethnological and geographical issues. Theoretical background: postcolonial studies, gender studies, discourse theory, and constructivism. Premiss: the white, middle-class subject constructs other cultures from a privileged and relatively uncritical stance. Female living spaces: social mapping paves the way for social and political orientation, territorial dissociation.

Fight against negative imperialism and gender-specific oppression. Articles on: Mary Kingsley's perspective on landscape, geographical spaces such as Australia, Western Africa, Ireland. Bode, Christoph, ed. 1997. West Meets East: Klassiker der britischen Orient-Reiseliteratur . Heidelberg: Winter. Brendon, Piers. 1991.

Thomas Cook: 150 Years of Popular Tourism . London: Secker Warburg. Brenner, Peter J., ed. 1989. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Articles on the history of German travel literature. Introduction considers basic issues: perception of the problems with drinking foreign through patterns of the (kn)own. Perception is influenced by emotions: stimulation, rejection, amazement.

Quality of travel experience ranges from dissociation to identification. Change of the German travel report relative to the changes in the philosophical conception of the world (homogeneity or heterogeneity of the negative effect of internet world). Brenner, Peter J. 1989. Die Erfahrung der Fremde: Zur Entwicklung einer Wahrnehmungsform in der Geschichte des Reiseberichts. In: Peter J. With Dependency Essay? Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in negative of internet, der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

14-49. Burkart, Arthur J. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? Slavoj Medlik. 1974. Tourism: Past, Present, and Future . London: Heinemann. Buzard, James. 1993. The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and the Ways to Culture, 1800 - 1918 . Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Seminal study on the definition and history of tourism. Negative Effect Of Internet? Critically assesses the traveller vs. tourist dichotomy . Tourism is approached in a differentiated manner weighing the following aspects: tourism as phenomenon of the masses, processes of stereotyping the foreign, selection and assessment of tourist attractions, alleged authenticity, convenience and enhancement of infrastructure, the hierarchical structure of home culture vs. foreign culture, relaxation and flight from civilisation, democratisation of travelling, antitourism ( off the beaten track ). Textual sources: travel reports, tourist guides, literary texts, documents on economic aspects of tourism. Chard, Chloe. 1999. Pleasure and Guilt on the Grand Tour: Travel Writing and Imaginative Geography 1600-1890 . Manchester: Manchester UP. Cocker, Mark. 1992. Loneliness and Time: British Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century . London: Secker Warburg. Study exclusively deals with white, middle-class, imperialistic, male authors. Shakarganj Food? Uncritical stylisation of the male traveller as a hero (alleged male characteristics: self-discipline, survival in the face of danger, suppression of emotions, 'the lone wolf', self-sufficiency).

Claims travel literature to negative effect, be factual. Cocker's arguments are not very well organised, nor up to the current state of research. Nevertheless, a useful source for male travel reports. Culler, Jonathan. 1988. What Year Written? The Semiotics of negative Tourism. What Was Romeo? In: Jonathan Culler, ed. Framing the Sign: Criticism and negative effect of internet Its Institutions . Oxford: Blackwell. 153-167.

Article describes tourism as a semiotic system of stereotypization. Emphasises the fact that tourist attractions and souvenirs are semiotically communicated, i.e. they are signifiers serving the satisfaction of certain desires. With Drinking And Driving Essay? Discusses this representative function of negative of internet tourism from a Barthesian perspective, sees the availability of tourism as a commercial product. Thesis: semiotic processes of tourism turn the problems with drinking world into an accumulation of travel destinations. Dodd, Philip. Negative Effect? 1982. The Views of Travellers: Travel writing in the 1930s. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 127-138.

Dodd analyses the traveller's/the narrator's attitude towards the travelled places as the most important structural component of the text. In general, the attitudes mirror the culturally given standards; personal interests also come into the play: e.g. nostalgic childhood memories ( home tour ), social interests etc. Dodd discusses texts by Greene, Muir, Orwell, Priestley. Foster, Shirley. 1990. Problems With Drinking? Nineteenth Century Women Tavellers and Their Writings . New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. The study predominantly deals with female English travellers/travel writers of the 19th century. It is structured according to areas of negative destination (Italy, North-America, Far East) documenting the travellers' different attitudes towards the to kill racism quotes respective countries. Introductory chapter is of fundamental relevance for theories and histories of female travelling. The following aspects are given detailed treatment: breaking away from social conventions and negative confining norms, the double bind of the problems with and driving female traveller and her difficulties as a woman due to male prejudice. Female travellers as exceptional women: acquisition of stereotypically male characteristics, emancipated behaviour (positive evaluation, depicted in an almost panegyric manner).

Mixture of male and female conventions of writing: topography, economic aspects, male activity vs. female aesthetics of landscape, female living spaces; objectivity, factual information vs. emotionalised information, expression of subjectivity and negative effect of internet self-analysis, practising dominance vs. opening up to the foreign culture and The Risks with showing a readiness to integrate. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Leipzig: Reclam: 34-46.

Foulke, Robert. 1992. The Guide Book Industry. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on negative effect of internet the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 93-106. Essay on The Risks with Essay the genre of the travel-guide: the travel-guide as the sole source for mass-tourists, the best-selling subgenre within travel literature. Distinction between predominantly factual-informative and other, more personally oriented, guides.

Criteria for evaluation: travel-guides have to be up to date, affordable, handy, and respectable. Content: sights and practical hints (means of effect of internet transportation, hotels, restaurants, food, clothing). Early travel handbooks in the 19th century are above all educational ( Grand tour ). Three different treatments of Bath demonstrate how travel-guides differ (in terms of selection, representation, or evaluation of the place). Frederick, Bonnie Susan H. McLeod, eds. 1993.

Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP. Essay collection on does the poet wordsworth use in lines women and travelling. Of Internet? Introduction discusses fundamental issues: women's motivations for travelling (liberation from the what device wordsworth written confining domestic shelter, transgression of boundaries), special risks for women, self-development, women's difficulties in finding a balance between the demands and conventions of home on the one hand and the freedom of travelling on the other hand. Negative Of Internet? The individual contributions deal with examples of racism quotes women travellers, focusing on their encounters with women of other ethnicities and questions of sex, race and negative class. The Risks Computer Dependency Essay? The representation of female travelling in literary texts is also considered: the female quest plot seems to negative, allow no happy ending for female characters (either return to restrictive patriarchal structures at home or emigration to a foreign country). Fussell, Paul. 1980. Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars . Oxford: Oxford UP. Early authoritative text on travel literature. Deals exclusively with traditional male travel literature written between the wars (summaries, biographical details). Authors discussed are: Robert Byron, Norman Douglas, Graham Greene, D.H.

Lawrence, Evelyn Waugh. Aspects of analysis: major need to travel in post-war society, boom of travel literature, introduction of passports, awareness of national borders. Shakarganj Food? Travel vs. tourism, the latter strongly deprecated. Questionable categorisation of travel periods: exploration (Renaissance), travel (age of the bourgeoisie), tourism (proletarian age). Fussell's study is of rather restricted use for negative effect information on potato cylinder travel literature. Fussell, Paul. 1992. Travel and the British Literary Imagination of the Twenties and Thirties. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on of internet the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press.

71-92. Ghose, Indira. 1998. Women Travellers in Colonial India: The Power of the shakarganj food Female Gaze . Oxford: Oxford UP. Postcolonial-deconstructionist and feminist study on India. Ghose's study aims at uncovering ideologies.

Shows women as doubly colonised. Women's subversive refusal of the colonial discourse, female quest for identity. Questions of ethnic difference and multi-culturalism. Contemplation of the Other serves self-definition (confirmation of the Self through reduction of the Other). The rational subject of European Enlightenment as the standard of of internet evaluation. Computer Essay? Textual sources: 19th-century travel literature of negative of internet British women depicting different images of to kill a mockingbird racism Indian women. The female perspective of women travellers is influenced by aspects of race, class and of internet gender. They seem to have taken over male positions of epistemological superiority, of to kill racism voyeurs or spies. This is also evident in negative effect of internet, the description of landscape following the aesthetic conventions of the picturesque.

Henderson, Heather. Year Written? 1992. Effect? The Travel Writer and shakarganj food the Text: My Giant Goes with Me Wherever I Go. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 230-240.

Henderson demonstrates the intertextuality of travel literature on the basis of several examples. Literary and cultural influences determined the perception and style of negative of internet travel writers: stereotypes, prejudices, historical and literary knowledge, former travel reports. Wordsworth Lines Written? Impossibility of a direct access to the reality of the travelled country. Subjective experiences of the traveller as another element of mediating reality. Hindley, Geoffrey. Negative? 1983.

Tourists, Travellers, and Pilgrims . London: Hutchinson. Hunter, Jefferson. 1982. Edwardian Fiction . Cambridge, Ma. London: Harvard UP. Study on the Edwardian novel . Shakarganj Food? Discusses predominantly male authors (only Woolf and negative effect Vita Sackville West are mentioned). Key words: Formal aspects (continuity and change). Depiction of social problems. Best-sellers (do not account for the particular character of the racism quotes epoch). Travel literature as a means of escaping into the exotic.

Imperialism. Debate on identity. The English country mansion as a topos. Criticism: Tendency towards superficial judgements. Ingemanson, Brigitta Maria. Negative? 1993. Under Cover: The Paradox of with essay Victorian Women's Travel Costume. In: Bonnie Frederick Susan H. McLeod, eds. Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP.

5-24. The essay shows how women travellers of the Victorian and Edwardian period endeavoured to dress and act according to conventional norms of femininity. This caused considerable difficulties for women: mountaineering with crinoline and Alpenstock . Dressing according to male dress codes was perceived as a loss of identity by negative effect most women up to the 20th century. Jost, Herbert. 1989. Selbst-Verwirklichung und Seelensuche: Zur Bedeutung des Reiseberichts im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

490-507. Kohl, Stephan. 1990. Travel Literature and the Art of Self-Invention. Was Romeo Written? In: Rüdiger Ahrens, ed. Anglistentag 1989 Würzburg: Proceedings . Tübingen: Niemeyer. Korte, Barbara.

1996. Der englische Reisebericht: Von der Pilgerfahrt bis zur Postmoderne . Darmstadt: WBG. Study on the history of travel literature in England; attempts a systematic description of the genre. Key words: genre hybridity and openness, relation of fact and fiction, narrative components, subject-object relation. Marginally, Korte also considers travel literature by women authors. Distinguishes different motivations for travelling and negative of internet different forms of travel reports: pilgrimage (spiritual salvation), voyages of what year was romeo discovery (trade routes, map-making, exotic merchandise, conquest), expedition (scientific and nautical discoveries), Grand tour (identity formation, sights, sexual adventures), Home tour (getting to know one's own country, questions of national identity and nationalism), subjectivity, experimental forms of travel literature in the 1930s (personal experience, civilisation critique), development of tourism (relaxation, security, comfort, sights), intertextual play with travel reports in postmodernism.

Kowalewski, Michael, ed. 1992. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. The contributions to this essay collection are quite heterogeneous with respect to content and quality, they are separately listed and annotated under the names of the respective authors (see Rober Foulke, Heather Henderson, Mary Morris). The following aspects are mentioned in the editor's foreword: emphasis of the newly awakened interest in travel literature; hybridity of the genre (mixture of autobiography, journalism, travel guide, confessional literature, and novel); curiosity and desire for independence as travel motivations; subjectivity of negative travel impressions. Lawrence, Karen L. 1994. Potato Cylinder? Penelope Voyages: Women and negative of internet Travel in the British Literary Tradition . Cornell: Cornell UP.

Semiotic-psychoanalytic approach to interpreting travel literature and novels calling upon mythical constructions. Lawrence asks the device does the poet lines hypothetical question: What happens if Penelope no longer waits for Odysseus but begins to travel herself? Thesis: it is the traditional exclusion of women from travelling that brings about the male travel plot. Lawrence argues on the basis of effect psychoanalytic theorems: Freud's association of the uncanny with the stranger and the mother suggests the male traveller's ambivalent search for the maternal/original safety. Travelling enabled women to penetrate new spaces, experiencing the tension between the familiar and the strange.

The flexibility of the genre of travel literature opened up opportunities for women, even the process of writing became a kind of travel adventure, a breaking away from male (literary) conventions. Lawrence illustrates that the signifier 'travel' can denote various signifieds. Postulates differences between male and female conventions of writing and behaviour, provides evidence from a number of texts (Mary Kingsley and Sarah Lee among others). Lobsien, Eckhard. 1981.

Landschaft in Texten: Zur Geschichte und Phänomenologie der literarischen Beschreibung . Stuttgart: Metzler. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. A Mockingbird? The Role of Place in Literature . Negative Effect? New York: Syracuse UP. MacCannell, Dean. 1976. [1999] The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class . New York: Schocken Books. Structuralist-semiotic study on tourism. MacCannell sees the tourist as a prototype of the modern human being (hunger for adventure, need for shakarganj food leisure time, superficiality). Sights are signifiers to negative of internet, which different signifieds can be assigned; they acquire a representative function.

Authenticity of sights is produced and problems serially reproduced in the souvenir. Negative Effect Of Internet? Process of Associated Computer Dependency semantisation: sacrilization, framing and elevation, mechanical reproduction. Wide spectrum of tourist attractions: museums, parks, historical buildings, residential areas (e.g. Beverley Hills), shipyards, slums, garbage dumps (examples of the negative sides of tourism), ways of transport (tunnels, canals, bridges), business quarters, markets, population groups (e.g. Amish people). Melchett, Sonia 1991. Negative Of Internet? Passionate Quests: Five Modern Women Travellers . London. Heinemann. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Novel Topographies: A Spatial Reading of Sybil.

In: Joachim Frenk, ed. Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Disraeli's novel serves as an example for illustrating the new experiences of space created by the possibility of what device use in railroad travelling (the account is based on Schivelbusch 1977, see below). Key words: mobility, speed, transportation of goods, communication, overcoming of negative effect of internet distances, changes of landscape, gaining knowledge of different social areas. Mills, Sara. 1991. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism . London: Routledge. One of the first studies focusing on postcolonial issues from a feminist perspective (see also Ghose 1998).

Extensive methodological reflections on the discourse-theoretical approach (Foucault). Associated Dependency Essay? Mills emphasises that travelling women should - just as men - be viewed in the context of an of internet, imperialist ideology, yet they deal with it differently ( double-voiced discourse ). To Kill Racism Quotes? Mills provides a research report on travel literature and remarks on the previous neglect of female travellers. There are three case studies: Mary Kingsley, Alexandra David-Neel, Nina Mazuchelli. Morris, Mary. 1992.

Women and Journeys: Inner and Outer. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 25-32. Morris characterises female travelling and negative effect travel writing from her own perspective. Two types of travel plots are possible for women authors: either waiting for the stranger at home or searching for the strange abroad. Morris discusses women's inclination to shakarganj food, enter a dialogic relationship with the foreign country, to negative effect of internet, bring in their own perception. Women prefer travelling in company, they are often in need of male protection. On the whole the study draws a somewhat simplistic picture of The Risks Associated with Dependency travelling women. Pelz, Annegret.

1993. Reisen durch die eigene Fremde: Reiseliteratur von Frauen als autobiographische Schriften . Köln: Böhlau. Pfister, Manfred. 1993. Intertextuelles Reisen, oder: Der Reisebericht als Intertext.

In: Herbert Foltinek, Wolfgang Riehle Waldemar Zacharasiewicz, eds. Tales and 'their telling difference': Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Narrativik . Festschrift Franz K. Stanzel. Heidelberg: Winter. The article refutes the myth of authenticity and shows the manifold intertextual networks of travel literature. Typology of intertextuality in travel literature. Repressed and negative of internet negated intertextuality (blurring of intertextual tracks; search for new, non-verbalised spaces), compiled intertextuality (excerpting travel guides and reports), homage paying intertextuality (visiting cult-places and quoting authorities), dialogic function of intertextuality (discussion of former travel traditions).

Pfister, Manfred Indira Ghose. 1996. Still Going Strong: The Loneliness of the shakarganj food Long Distance Traveller in Modern Travel Writing. Effect Of Internet? Journal for the Study of British Culture 3.2: 149-163. Pratt, Marie Louise. 1992. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation . London: Routledge. Postcolonial approach. Deals with travel literature on South America and Africa 1750-1980. Shows different types of relations between two cultures: co-presence ( contact zone ), dominance of the conqueror's perspective ( colonial frontier ), seemingly innocent stance of the conqueror ( anti-conquest ), assimilation of the conquered ( autoethnographic ). An imperialistic attitude of conquest can also be expressed within Europe, e.g. through arrogance towards the stranger or through mental appropriation. Pratt includes rhetorical devices of imperialistic tendencies in travel literature: epithets and similes referring to the traveller's own country, aesthetisation of landscape according to native categories, elevated position with panoramic view, self-revaluation caused by a joy for discovery, exploiting the knowledge of the native guide.

Quadflieg, Helga. 2000. Device Wordsworth Written? Kleine Fluchten: Isabella Bird und ihre Reisen nach Amerika. In: Querelles: Jahrbuch für Frauenforschung 2000. (Vol. 5: Grenzgängerinnen des moralischen Geschlechts ). Stuttgart: Metzler.

110-123. A case study of some of Isabella Bird's travel writings. Negative Effect Of Internet? Illustrates the double bind of the female traveller in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century: tension between conventionality and year was romeo and juliet freedom, affirmation and subversion of existing norms (see also Forster 1990: Frederick, ed. Negative? 1991). Robinson, Jane. 1990.

Wayward Women: A Guide to Women Travellers . Oxford: Oxford UP. A bibliography of women's travel writing listing approx. 400 authors. The Risks With Essay? Entries contain brief biographical sketches, key words and synopses. Robinson provides bibliographical access to a comprehensive corpus of texts, and thereby enables further research on female travel literature. Russel, Mary. Effect? [1986] 1996. The Blessings of a Good Thick Skirt: Women Travellers and The Risks Associated Dependency Their World. Of Internet? London: Flamingo. Said, Edward. 1983.

Orientalism . New York: Random House. Schabert, Ina. 1997. Reisebücher: Die Frau in der Fremde. In: Ina Schabert. Englische Literaturgeschichte aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. 589-597.

Schäffter, Ortfried, ed. 1991. Das Fremde: Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten zwischen Faszination und Bedrohung . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . What The Poet Wordsworth Use In Written? Heidelberg: Winter. 173-196. Schaff discusses the textuality of effect of internet cities and their literary representation with respect to the different perspectives of male and female authors/characters. Examples: phallic conception of Florence as cultural space of a mockingbird racism quotes masculinity (Lawrence), Venice as art-trophy (Ruskin) or as embodiment of the archetypal mother (Byron); Rome as unapproachable (for Dorothea in Middlemarch ), or as a symbol of triumphant conquest (Felicia Hemans).

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. 1977. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Effect Of Internet? Jahrhundert. Drinking Essay? Frankfurt/M: Fischer. Authoritative study on travelling by negative effect of internet railroad.

Focuses on: development of quotes railway traffic in England, on negative effect the continent and in North America; the railroad's peculiarities as a means of public transport and merchandise transportation; the change of the experience of space and time; economic, social and cultural aspects; Schivelbusch presents a (somewhat one-sided) critique of civilisation (alienation from nature). Schülting, Sabine. What Was Romeo And Juliet? 1997. Wilde Frauen, Femde Welten: Kolonisierungsgeschichten aus Amerika . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Stannard, Martin. 1982. Debunking the Jungle: The Context of Evelyn Waugh's Travel Books 1930-9. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 105-126. Stevenson, Catherine Barnes. 1982. Victorian Women Travel Writers in Africa . Boston: Twayne.

Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982. Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. [esp. 170-174] Tinling, Marion. 1989. Woman into effect of internet the Unknown: A Sourcebook on Women Explorers and Travelers . New York: Greenwood Press. Veit, Karin.

1997. Journey and Gender - Diversity of Travel Writing. In: Susanne Fender, ed. Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste . Shakarganj Food? Leviston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press. 107-138. Veit examines gender-specific aspects of travelling and travel writing. Cites examples of women writers blurring the gender boundaries, i.e. exemplary travel texts depicting women who break away from their conventional female role. Examples of gender-specific discourses: the journey of negative Ella Maillart and Peter Fleming from Peking through the Chinese province Sianking to Cashmere is told in two different texts (1936) representing a female and a male version; further examples are the two journeys to Russia undertaken by Susan Richards and Christopher Hope at the same time (1990). Veit's analysis confirms gender stereotypes, but also illustrates the double-voiced discourse of female travellers in their writings. Würzbach, Natascha. 2001.

Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. What Does The Poet Use In Lines? Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129. Article covers the state of research on the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of space.

Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to negative, the subject, the body, movement in what year was romeo, space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society. Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from effect, cultural theory and year was romeo and juliet written cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of negative publication.

Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Harris, Jose. 1994. With Essay? Private Lives and Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. Study proceeding from social history. Key words: demography, family, property, profession, religion, society and state, social theories. Keating, Peter. 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. Kern, Stephen. 1983.

The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Lewis, Jane, Ed. 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on women's social history between 1850 and negative effect 1940. Deals with the problems and driving essay usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. Lucas, John. 1997.

The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in of internet, terms of their radicality: Effects of with Essay World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors).

McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines. Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Mowat, John Loch. 1955.

Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . Of Internet? London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. Potato Cylinder? 1995. Modernisms. A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan.

Study on the time between the two World Wars: the negative effect 'Roaring Twenties' and what and juliet written the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and mass media. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on social history.

Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism.

Female artists. Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and negative the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Study on female experience of the two World Wars. Special focus: women and profession.

Restraining of women from working in the time between the shakarganj food wars. Study provides detailed historical evidence: thoroughly investigated. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and effect Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487.

Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. What The Poet Wordsworth Written? Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Negative Effect? Textual material: war poetry by women. Dyhouse, Carol. 1989. Year Was Romeo Written? Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from negative effect, a women-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995.

The Gender of to kill Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gardiner, Juliet, ed.

1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Horn, Pamela. 1995. Women in the 1920s . Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Lewis, Jane, ed. 1986.

Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Essay collection on women's social history between 1850 and of internet 1940. What Year? Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. McFarlane, Barbara. 1984.

Homes for Heroines. Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Effect? Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994.

This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on what year was romeo and juliet written social history. Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Effect Of Internet? Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism.

Female artists. Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. Shakarganj Food? Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and effect of internet Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and potato cylinder World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of negative of internet discussion: images of a mockingbird women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism.

The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of effect of internet modernism. Bataille, Georges. Year Was Romeo And Juliet Written? 1994. Die Erotik , ed. G. Bergfleth. München. Benthien, Claudia.

1999. Haut: Literaturgeschichte, Körperbilder, Grenzdiskurse . Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt. Benthien, Claudia Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. Bordo, Susan. 1993.

Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body . Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Breger, Claudia Tobias Döring, eds. 1998. Figuren des/der Dritten: Erkundungen kultureller Zwischenräume . Negative Effect Of Internet? Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and what device use in the Subversion of Identity. New York, London: Routledge.

de Lauretis, Teresa. 1990. Eccentric Subjects: Feminist Theory and of internet Historical Consciousness. To Kill A Mockingbird? Feminist Studies 16.1: 115-150. Dollimore, Jonathan. 1992. Negative Of Internet? The Dominant and the Deviant: A Violent Dialectic. In:ed. Wayne R. Dynes Stephen Donaldson, eds.

Homosexual Themes in Literary Studies . New York: Garland. 87-100. Douglas, Mary. [1966] 1984. Potato Cylinder? Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and negative effect of internet Taboo . London, etc.: Ark. Doyle, Laura. 1994. Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and Culture . The Risks With Dependency Essay? New York, Oxford: Oxford UP. Durkheim, Emile. [1893] 1996. Über soziale Arbeitsteilung. Studie über die Organisation höherer Gesellschaften. Frankfurt/M.

Dreitzel, H.P. 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an of internet, der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens . Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. Febvre, Lucien. 1990. 'Frontière - Wort und Bedeutung. In: Lucien Febvre. Das Gewissen des Historikers . Shakarganj Food? Frankfurt/M. 27-36. Ferguson, Russell, Martha Gever, Trinh T. Negative? Minh-ha Cornel West, eds. 1990. Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures.

New York: The New Museum of Contemporary Art Cambridge/Mass., London: The MIT Press. Finke, Laurie. 1986. The Rhetoric of Marginality: Why I Do Feminist Theory. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 5.2: 251-72.

Foucault, Michel. [1963] 1988. Potato Cylinder? Zum Begriff der Übertretung. In: Michel Foucault. Schriften zur Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 69-89. Freud, Sigmund. [1919] 1994. Of Internet? Das Unheimliche. In: Sigmund Freud. Studienausgabe IV, Psychologische Schriften, ed.

Alexander Mitscherlich et al. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 241-274. Gregg, John. What Year Written? 1994. Of Internet? Maurice Blanchot and the Literature of Transgression. Princeton/New Jersey: Princeton UP. Hohnsträter, Dirk.

1999. Potato Cylinder? Im Zwischenraum. Ein Lob des Grenzgängers. In: Claudia Benthien Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. Negative? 231-244. Jervis, John. 1999. Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in the Western Experience of Otherness . Oxford: Blackwell. Koschorke, Albrecht.

1990. Die Geschichte des Horizonts: Grenze und Grenzüberschreitung in what device the poet use in written, literarischen Landschaftsbildern . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Kristeva, Julia. 1980. Powers of Horror. An Essay on negative effect of internet Abjection . New York, London: Routledge. Sargisson, Lucy. 2000. Utopian Bodies and what year and juliet written the Politics of Transgression.

London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit, Janet Price. Effect Of Internet? 1999. Openings on Computer Dependency Essay the Body: A Critical Introduction. In: Janet Price Margrit Shildrick, eds. Effect? Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge.

1-14. Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries. Feminism, Postmodernism and The Risks Associated Computer (Bio)Ethics . London, New York: Routledge. Showalter, Elaine. 1985. Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness.

In: Elaine Showalter, ed. The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory . London: Virago, 243-270. Stallybrass, Peter Allan White, eds. 1986. The Politics and Poetics of negative effect of internet Transgression . London: Methuen. Stevens, Hugh. 2000. Introduction: Modernism and its Margins.

In: Hugh Stevens Caroline Howlett, eds. Shakarganj Food? Modernist Sexualities . Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press, 1-12. Turner, Victor. 1967. Betwixt and effect of internet Between: The Liminal Period in problems drinking, Rites de Passage . In: Victor Turner. The Forest of Symbols . New York: Cornell UP. Van Gennep, Arnold. [1908] 1960. The Rites of negative Passage , trans. M.B.

Vizedom, G.L. Caffee. Potato Cylinder? Chicago: U of Chicago P. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. Rekonstruktion und Relektüre: Die Arbeit von Frauen in der Literaturwissenschaft als Teil weiblicher Kulturkritik. In: Sigrid Weigel.

Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt. 252-263. Butler, Judith. 1993. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of 'Sex' . New York London: Routledge.

Diprose, Ros. 1994. Effect? The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment and Sexual Difference. London: Routledge. Foucault, Michel. Drinking And Driving? 1992. Sexualität und Wahrheit 1: Der Wille zum Wissen. 6th ed. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel.

1994. Überwachen und Strafen: Die Geburt des Gefängnisses . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel. 1998. Über Hermaphrodismus: Der Fall Barbin , ed. Wolfgang Schäffner Joseph Vogl. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1994. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Haraway, Donna.

1991. The Promises of Monsters: A Regenerative Politics for Inappropriate/d Others. In: L. Grossberg, C. Nelson, P. Treichler, eds. Cultural Studies. London: Routledge. Herdt, Gilbert, ed. 1994. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in effect of internet, Culture and History . New York: Zone Books. Horner, Avril Angela Keane. 2000. Body Matters: Feminism, Textuality, Corporeality.

Manchester, New York: Manchester UP. Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration of the Fin de Siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Jacobus, Mary, Evelyn Fox Keller Sally Shuttleworth, eds. 1990. Body/Politics: Women and the Discourses of potato cylinder Science. Of Internet? New York London: Routledge. Laqueur, Thomas. 1992. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud . Cambridge/Mass., London: Harvard UP. Price, Janet Margrit Shildrick, eds. 1999. Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge. Sargisson, Lucy.

2000. Problems Drinking Essay? Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism, and (Bio)Ethics . London: Routledge. Terry, Jennifer Jacqueline Urla, eds. 1995.

Deviant Bodies . Bloomington: Indiana UP. Brooks, J.A. 1982. Effect Of Internet? Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Dinzelbacher, Peter, ed. 1993. Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte: Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen . Stuttgart: Kröner. Essay collection on with essay different experiences of space from antiquity up to the present. Approach: history of mentality. Key words: experience of space as social, geographic, and cultural (fields of interest: religion, architecture etc.).

Space and aspects of negative of internet conquering and opening up (of new rooms). What Year Was Romeo And Juliet Written? Cyberspace. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Andere Räume. Negative Effect Of Internet? In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Problems With Drinking? Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Effect? Reclam: Leipzig. 34-46. Article on space and otherness. Difference between normal and deviant spaces. Key words: heterotopias (hospitals, psychiatric clinics, prisons. The Risks Associated Computer Dependency Essay? ); spatial symbolism and history of mentality.

Frenk, Joachim, ed. 2000. Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Aufsatzsammlung. Mentalitätsgeschichtlich bedingter Wandel von Raumvorstellungen in der englischen Literaturgeschichte. Besonderes Interesse der Postmoderne am Raum (Sozialgeographie, Kolonialismus, Datenflüsse um den Erdball, Cyberspace.) Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space.

The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Study on gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and negative effect feminist reform efforts. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1995.

Space, Time and Perversion. Essays on the Politics of Bodies . London: Routledge. (esp. 103-124) Hauser, Susanne. 1990. Der Blick auf die Stadt: Semiotische Untersuchungen zur literarischen Wahrnehmung bis 1910 . Problems Drinking? Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of urban spaces. Negative Of Internet? Key words: perception of with and driving space in general. Basic patterns of the of internet experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. Shakarganj Food? ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements).

Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Press. Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of negative of internet space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism.

Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on potato cylinder modernist concepts of time and space. Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity.

Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and scenes). Heterogeneous space. Effect Of Internet? Plurality of to kill a mockingbird racism quotes stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting).

Expansion and reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and of internet private transport, aviation). Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the potato cylinder interior, stream of negative of internet consciousness). Kursbuch Stadt. Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. Drinking And Driving Essay? 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Läpple, Dieter. Effect Of Internet? 1991. Gesellschaftszentriertes Raumkonzept: Zur Überwindung von physikalisch-mathematischen Raumauffassungen in der Gesellschaftsanalyse.

In: Martin Wentz, ed. Stadt-Räume . Frankfurt/M.: Campus. 35-46. Theoretical essay on different natures of space: Human-centred concepts of was romeo and juliet space vs. scientific concepts of space. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972. Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines.

Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Negative Effect Of Internet? Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Nowel, Ingrid. 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt.

Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Köln: Dumont. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed. 1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Potato Cylinder? Urban Resources 3.2: 55-57. Schivelbusch, Wolfgang.

1979. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Effect? Jahrhundert . Frankfurt/M.: Ullstein. Historical study on space and shakarganj food time in the 19th century related to effect of internet, the development of the railway as a means of travel and transport. Its influence on the perception of space and time. Problems And Driving Essay? (Germany, England, USA). Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . New York London: W.W. Norton.

Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Weigel, Sigrid. Negative? 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on gender topographies and literature. Cultural-historical approach. Considers space: female allegorization of the device does the poet use in lines written city. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983.

The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan. Collection of essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity.

Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . Effect? London: Routledge. Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Key words: connection of space and different facets of was romeo identity formation (personal, professional and negative effect of internet sexual). Questions of the body. Device Does The Poet Use In Lines Written? Urban spaces. Negative Of Internet? Power relations connected with space. Benko, Georges Ulf Stohmeyer, eds.

1997. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Associated With Dependency Essay? Blackwell. Collection of essays. Approach: deconstructivist social geography - social space as a linguistic construct to effect, be newly developed over and over by the individual. Key words: Blurring of boundaries between mental and empirical spaces; spatial symbolism (described from a constructivist background and not from the usual arguments of social history or history of written mentality). Duncan, Nancy, ed.

1996. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of effect Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Potato Cylinder? Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from gender norms. Duncan, Nancy. 1996.

Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and family. Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. MacDowell, Linda. 1996.

Spatializing Feminism. Geographic Perspectives. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and negative effect of internet Sexuality. London: Routledge. 28-44. Article on a feminism and space. Approach: deconstructivist social geography. Key words: socially conditioned and designed space, processes of placement, boundaries, centres and margins, changes of place and transgression of boundaries, space and identity. Reference to gender relations. Natter, Wolfgang John Paul Jones III.

1997. Identity, Space, and Other Uncertainties. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and what the poet wordsworth lines written Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 141-161. Article on the volatile nature of space and identity. Approach. Deconstructivist social geography. Conception of space adapted from the conception of subject.

Constructivity and contingency of discursive concepts as means of social change. Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Hannover: Jänecke.

Rose, Gillian. 1996. Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and negative Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on potato cylinder space and gender.

Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Negative Effect? Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Spain, Daphne. 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on Associated Essay space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Authoritative text on spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and negative effect of internet their meaning in to kill a mockingbird, depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalist allocation of meaning.

Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in negative, the Modernist City Novel. Problems And Driving Essay? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum.

310-315. Essay on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the negative of internet integrative textual structure. Space and identity. Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 281-287.

Study deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different spaces of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Berghahn, Daniela. 1988. Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Authoritative text on problems drinking literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and effect of internet art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H.

Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Breuner, Michael. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Study on the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city.

Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and what does wordsworth use in lines formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Archetypical aspects of space. Criticism: terminologically imprecise, appears rather essayistic. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986. Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage.

Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on effect literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (compare Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (compare Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of Associated spatial perception in streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. space which can be physically entered. Space and negative identity. Spatial textual structures.

Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature. Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292.

Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of does the poet wordsworth lines solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men. Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer.

Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Fludernik, Monika. 1999. Carceral Topography: Spatiality, Liminality and Corporeality in the Literary Prison. Textual Practice 13.1: 43-77. Article on space and identity.

Key words: boundaries; identity formation; spatial symbolism. Provides examples of texts. Füger, Wilhelm. 1984. Streifzüge durch Allotopia: Zur Topographie eines fiktionalen Gestaltungsraums. Anglia 102.3,4: 349-391. Article on effect of internet space in the utopian genre. Hillebrand, Bruno von. 1975.

Poetischer, philosophischer, mathematischer Raum. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Potato Cylinder? Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. Negative Effect Of Internet? 417-463. Article on different spaces: geometrical space vs. And Driving Essay? textual space.

Narratological perspective on spatial representation (narratological background of the 1970s). Hoffmann, Gerhard. 1978. Raum, Situation, erzählte Wirklichkeit . Poetologische und historische Studien zum englischen und amerikanischen Roman. Stuttgart: Metzler. Authoritative text on narrative representation of space. Approach: phenomenological, structuralist and semantic. Of Internet? Key words: different facets of space, i.e. visional space, space of action, atmospheric space (Ströker). Typology of narrated space based on subjectivity and literary devices: curious space, grotesque space, gothic space etc. Allocation of meaning to space. Archetypal space, forms of representation: panoramic space, tableau, scene.

Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Hunt, John Dixon. 1996. Paragone in Paradise: Translating the Garden. In: Elinor S. Shaffer, ed. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and what does the poet Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 55-70.

Article on of internet garden symbolism. Potato Cylinder? Depicts the garden as a paradox combining nature with culture, preservation of the fleeting and the fragile. Jäger, Dietrich. 1998. Erzählte Räume. Studien zur Phänomenologie der epischen Geschehensumwelt . Würzburg: Könighausen Naumann. Study on the phenomenology of narrative environments of action. Textual examples (predominantly German, but also some English) are viewed as variants of effect of internet mimesis. Criticism: terminology is imprecise and unsystematic, generally not up to the contemporary level of research. Kilian, Eveline.

2002. Exploring London. Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. Potato Cylinder? The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283.

Klarer, Mario. 1995. Simultaneity and Gender in Modernist Discourses. In: Near Encounters: Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary article on the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and gender. Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Klein, Holger.

1990. Exploring Place and Space in Drama and in Fiction. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and negative effect Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the problems with drinking and driving International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Of Internet? München: iudicum. 174-181. Genre-theoretical essay on the nature of space in drama and fiction.

Different spatial representations in drama and fiction: multi-sensory display of few places on does written stage vs. linguistic-evocative display of many places in narrative texts. Klotz, Volker. 1969. Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Negative? Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen.

München: Fink. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. The Role of Place in Literature . New York: Syracuse UP.

Study on potato cylinder the role of space in fiction. Contains multiple aspects of analysis. Key words: literary coining of space (topoi). Genre-specific variants. Space imagery (spatial allegories, spatial symbols). Expansion and movement. Time and its spatial component. Characterisation through space. Historical and national particularities of space (placelessness in Modernism, wildering in American literature) Provides detailed textual evidence.

On the whole rather unsystematic, yet very stimulating. Maatje, Frank C. 1975. Versuch einer Poetik des Raumes. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 392-416. Revised article on space (1st version from 1965) providing a summary of the state of discussion at the time. Refers to negative, spatial symbolism and year was romeo written the phenomenon of perspective. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter.

Manley, Lawrence. 1995. Literature and effect of internet Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. 1987. Reading the Illegible. Some Modern Representations of the poet use in written Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds.

Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Effect? 232-256. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Novel Topography: A Spatial Reading of Sybil . In: Joachim Frenk, ed.

Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. 147-171. Article on the representation of potato cylinder space in Sybil. Analysis of the particular influence of railway traffic on the perception of space in negative effect, connection with the narrative structure of the text. Mitchel, W.J.T. 1989. Space, Ideology, and Literary Representation. Poetics Today 10.1: 91-102.

Article on space in literature. Functional representation of space: instrument of conveying ideology. Criticism: argument not quite clear. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and The Risks Dependency Essay Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in of internet, natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in a mockingbird racism, the perception of nature. Punter, David. 1979.

Blake's Capital Cities. In: P. Weston, ed. London in Literature. Negative Effect? London: Roehampton Institute. 46-72. Reichel, Norbert. 1987. Der erzählte Raum: Zur Verflechtung von sozialem und poetischem Raum in der erzählenden Literatur . The Risks With Dependency Essay? Darmstadt: WBG.

Study on the intermingling of social and negative of internet poetic space. Space as bearer of meaning. Narrative representations of space are shown in the context of a history of mentality. Ritter, Alexander, ed. The Risks Associated Computer? 1975. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG.

Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. Negative? In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination. Heidelberg: Winter. 173-196. Article on the gendered nature of cities.

Key words: linguistic and literary conceptualization of cities with male or female connotations, gender-specific perspectives on cities. Application of to kill a mockingbird gender stereotypes to cities. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51.

Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. Effect Of Internet? A Female Vision of the shakarganj food City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of negative novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed.

1984. Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. Potato Cylinder? University of Tennessee Press. Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Effect? Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the a mockingbird quotes International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Effect? München: iudicum. Potato Cylinder? 219-27. Article on the connecting and separating aspects of a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985.

Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and Art. Manchester: Manchester UP. Turner, James. 1979. The Politics of Landscape: Rural Scenery and Society in English Poetry 1630-1660 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on spatial symbolism according to negative effect, the poetological devices of the with and driving 17th century. Social space and literature. Negative Of Internet? Aestheticizing of topography. Methods of symbolizing and allegorizing space. Influence of landscape painting on literature in the 17th century.

Twyning, John. Shakarganj Food? 1998. London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen.

In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Würzbach, Natascha. 2001.

Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129. Article covers the state of effect of internet research on shakarganj food the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of effect of internet space. Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to the subject, the body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide.

Provides literary examples. Würzbach, Natascha. in print. Potato Cylinder? Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Article on the theory of subjectivity and identity. The significance of space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity.

Codes of spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and effect concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Kahrmann, Cordula Gunter Reiß, Manfred Schluchter.

1977. Erzähltextanalyse: Eine Einführung in Grundlagen und Verfahren . 2 vols. Kronberg: Athenäum. Study on the interpretation of narrative texts. Representations of space are allocated to different textual levels of communication. Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982.

Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. [esp. 170-174] Essay collection on text analysis. Contains a brief part on the narratological description of space on the grounds of Hoffmann 1978 (see 2.3).

Ronen, Rose. What Was Romeo And Juliet? 1986. Space in Fiction. Poetics Today 7: 421-438. Article on the phenomenon of space and its characteristics in narrative texts. Negative Effect Of Internet? Study is linguistically backed up. Categorisation of space in its relation to the perceiving and acting character (immediacy), degree of factuality. Functions of space: public and private, symbolic, means of The Risks Associated Computer Dependency Essay characterisation. Integration in the spatial overall structure (topographic, semantic).

Stanzel, Franz. 1979. Theorie des Erzählens . Negative? Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. [ch. 5.2] Study on narratology. Foci: perspectival relation of objects to Associated with Computer Dependency Essay, each other vs. non-perspectival naming of objects. Effect Of Internet? In the and driving 20th century: priority of negative effect of internet perspectival representations of space: Subjectivity. Study on literary space and narratology.

Approach: structuralist/semiotic text analysis (Lotman). Text as a spatial structure. Semantic functions of space: convey conceptions of the what world, archetypal notion of verticality and horizontality, distance and closeness, setting and transgressing boundaries. Segmenting function of negative literary representations of space. Selectivity of representation of space.

Depiction of what device does the poet use in lines written time through space. Negative Effect? Generally a universalist notion of space. Lotman, Jurij. 1972. Die Struktur literarischer Texte . München: Fink. Theoretical study on the structure of literary texts. Semiotic/structuralist concept of what device wordsworth literary space as a model of cultural rooms. Universalist allocations of negative effect of internet meaning, depiction of oppositional spaces. Sappok, Christian. 1970. Die Bedeutung des Raumes für die Struktur des Erzählwerks . Aufgezeigt an Beispielen aus der polnischen Erzählliteratur . München: Otto Sagner.

Structuralist/semiotic approach to space and narrative traditions. Collection of essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity. Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of what year and juliet power; imaginary space in literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . Effect? London: Routledge.

Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Key words: connection of space and different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Duncan, Nancy, ed. 1996.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of to kill a mockingbird Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of negative gender identity and deviation from drinking essay, gender norms. Duncan, Nancy. 1996. Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. Of Internet? In: Nancy Duncan, ed.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and family. Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Quotes? Ambiguous Discourse. Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Negative Effect? Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 109-136.

Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Problems Drinking Essay? Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and effect of internet psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of potato cylinder American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Essay on gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and effect of internet narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography.

Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy. 1997. Postmodern Becomings: From the Space of Form to the Space of Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323.

Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. To Kill Racism? Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Press. Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of negative effect space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical.

Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism. Pratt, Annis. The Risks Computer Dependency? 1972. Women and negative effect of internet Nature in what does the poet wordsworth use in written, Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in the perception of nature. Rose, Gillian. 1996.

Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on negative space and a mockingbird quotes gender. Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Sizemore-Wick, Christine.

1989. A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spain, Daphne. 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on space as a relevant factor for negative effect status and gender, proceeding from social geography.

Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Weigel, Sigrid. 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on gender topographies and literature. Proceeding from cultural history. Considers Space: female allegorization of the city. Philosophical study on space. Phenomenological approach. Had a major influence on the treatment of space in literary criticism. Compare Hoffmann 1978 (3.3), and and juliet written others.

Authoritative text on spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalistic allocation of meaning. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Effect? Scott, ed. Shakarganj Food? The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on negative depth psychology. The Risks Associated Computer Dependency? Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for negative women - a place of maternal security for men.

Erikson, Erik. 1970. Does The Poet Wordsworth Lines Written? Womanhood and Inner Space. In: Identity. Youth and Crisis . London: Faber Faber. Negative? 261-294. Article on womanhood and inner space. Psychological approach, supported by evidence from ethnic studies.

Investigates the play of what lines written children as a confirmation of traditional gender differences. Milgram, Stanley. 1970. Negative Of Internet? Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Article on interior space. Approach: psychoanalytical, feminist. Key words: psychological places of the interior; interpersonal spaces of quotes (human) relationship; psychoanalytical symbolization, space imagery, female subjectivity; Separateness and integrity. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy.

1997. Postmodern Becomings. From the of internet Space of Form to a mockingbird racism, the Space of Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323.

Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from a gender point of of internet view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Gregory, Derek. Device Use In? 1997. Lacan and Geography: The Production of negative effect of internet Space Revisited. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds.

Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Potato Cylinder? Blackwell. 203-234. Article on psychoanalytical space. Key words: bodily experience of space (pre-lingual/premature), experience of space and formation of identity through entering the symbolic order, discursive dependency.

Winzen, Matthias. Effect? 2000. Hysterisierte Räume. In: Silvia Eibelmayr et al., eds. Die verletzte Diva: Hysterie, Körper, Technik in der Kunst der 20. Jahrhunderts . And Driving Essay? Köln: Oktagon. 154-178. Article on space and hystericalization.

Foci: paradoxical intermingling of movement and stiffness. Loss of orientation and negative expressivity. Sudden removal of subject-object relations in art and photography. Article on what written textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Smitten, Jeffrey M. Ann Dagistany, eds. 1981. Spatial Form in Narrative . Ithaca, New York.

Study theorizes text as space. Describes textual structures with the help of spatial metaphors. Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in of internet, general. Basic patterns of the racism experience of effect of internet city space (multi-stimulation, processes of problems selection. ). Culturally variable navigation of of internet perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements). Jackendoff, Ray Barbara Landau. 1992. Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition. In: Language of the Mind: Essays on Mental Represenation . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 99-124. Article postulates the superiority of the concrete image of an potato cylinder, perceived object over its verbal representation.

Based on cognitive linguistics. Tuan, Yi-Fu. 1974. Topophilia: A Study of effect Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and Values. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Wagener-Wender, Monika. 1993. Mentale Repräsentation räumlicher Informationen.

Bonn: Holos. Study on potato cylinder space from a perspective of cognitive psychology. Point of interest: cognitive-psychological processes are manifested in the linguistic representation of space. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1966. Champ intellectuel et project créateur. Les Temps Modernes 246: 865-906.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1974. Negative Effect Of Internet? Zur Soziologie der Symbolischen Formen . Trans. To Kill Quotes? Wolfgang Fietkau. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1982. Die feinen Unterschiede: Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1983.

The Field of negative Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Reversed. Poetics 12: 311-56. Bourdieu, Pierre. [1984] 1988. Homo Academicus . Cambridge Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985. The Genesis of the Concepts of Habitus and of Field . Sociocriticism 2: 11-24. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature , ed.

Randal Johnson. Cambridge: Polity Press. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Rules of Art . Cambridge: Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. La Domination Masculine . Paris: Seuil. Bürger, Peter. 1986. Potato Cylinder? Adorno, Bourdieu and negative the sociology of literature.

Stanford Literary Review : 75-90. Calhoun, Craig, Edward LiPuma Moishe Postone, eds. 1993. Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives . Cambridge: Polity. Dörner, Andreas Ludgera Vogt. Essay? 1990. Kultursoziologie (Bourdieu - Mentalitätengeschichte - Zivilisationstheorie). In: Klaus Michael Bogdal, ed. Neue Literaturtheorien . Negative? Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. Essay? 131-153.

Dubois, Jaques. 2000. Negative Of Internet? Pierre Bourdieu and potato cylinder Literature. SubStance 93: 84-102. Eder, Klaus, ed. 1989. Klassenlage, Lebensstil und kulturelle Praxis: Beiträge zur Auseinandersetzung mit Pierre Bourdieus Klassentheorie . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Fischer, Ludwig Klaas Jarchow.

1987. Die soziale Logik der Felder und das Feld der Literatur. Sprache im technischen Zeitalter 25: 164-172. An introductory essay to a whole issue on Bourdieu's sociology of of internet culture in which the authors clarify and defend Bourdieu's key terminology - especially the concepts of field and habitus. Fowler, Bridget. 1997. Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Theory: Critical Investigations . London: Sage. A very perceptive and insightful study of and juliet Bourdieu's writings on the cultural field with a special emphasis on effect literature. She even offers a gender-related discussion of modernist British literature from problems drinking, a Bourdieusian perspective (chapter 6) which unfortunately remains somewhat superficial and does not reflect the negative latest research in The Risks Associated Computer Dependency, this area. This partly has to do with the fact that Fowler is more interested in revaluating 'middlebrow' women's writing than in negative effect, a discussion of neglected modernist women writers. Fowler Bridget, ed.

2000. Reading Bourdieu on Society and Culture . Oxford: Blackwell. Garnham, Nicholas Raymond Williams. 1980. P. The Poet Use In Lines? Bourdieu and the Sociology of Culture: An Introduction. Media, Culture and Society 2: 209-223. Gebauer, Gunter. 1994. Bourdieus Hermeneutik. lendemains 75/76: 27-40. Gebauer, Gunter Christoph Wulf, eds. 1993.

Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Harker, Richard et. al., eds. 1990. An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu: The Practice of Theory. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Honneth, Axel.

1984. Die zerrissene Welt der symbolischen Formen: Zum kultursoziologischen Werk Pierre Bourdieus. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 36: 147-164. Jarchow, Klaas Hans-Gerd Winter. 1993. Pierre Bourdieus Kultursoziologie als Herausforderung der Literaturwissenschaft. Negative Effect Of Internet? In: Gunter Gebauer Christoph Wulf, eds. Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 93-134.

Jenkins, Richard. 1992. Pierre Bourdieu . London New York: Routledge. Jurt, Joseph. 1979. Für eine Rezeptionssoziologie. RZLG 3: 214-231. Jurt, Joseph. 1994.

Für eine Wissenschaft der Genese kultureller Werke: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion des literatursoziologischen Ansatzes von Pierre Bourdieu in Les règles de l'art . Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 231: 319-347. Jurt, Joseph. 1995. Das literarische Feld: Das Konzept Pierre Bourdieus in Theorie undPraxis . Darmstadt: WBG. Jurt, Joseph. 1997. Bourdieus Analyse des literarischen Feldes oder der Universalitätsanspruch des sozialwissenschaftlichen Ansatzes. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Literatur 22.2: 152-180. Jurt offers a defense of Bourdieu's concept of the (literary) field against critics who regard it as too economically oriented and as interactionist. Shakarganj Food? Instead he conceives of the negative model as constructivist, offering a wide range of inderdisciplinary possibilies. Moreover, he points out that it enables both a synchronic and a diachronic analysis of the structure of the production, publication, and reception of literature.

Jurt, Joseph. 2000. Pierre Bourdieus Theorie des Literarischen Feldes. In: Derek Robbins, ed. Pierre Bourdieu , vol. 2. London etc.: Sage. 117-147. Lane, Jeremy F. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu: A Critical Introduction . London: Pluto Press. McClean, Ian. Written? 1993.

Bourdieu's field of cultural production. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 241-251. Moi, Toril. 1991. Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist Theory and Pierre Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture. New Literary History 22: 1017-1049. Moi, Toril. 1997. The Challenge of the Particular Case: Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture and Literary Criticism.

Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 497-508. Paulson, William. 1997. The Market of Printed Goods: On Bourdieu's Rules. Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 399-415. Pinto, Louis. 1996.

The Theory of Fields and the Sociology of Literature: Reflections on the Work of Pierre Bourdieu. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology 33.2: 171-86. Pinto, Louis Franz Schultheis, eds. 1997. Streifzüge durch das literarische Feld: Texte von Pierre Bourdieu, Christophe Charle, Mouloud Mammeri, Jean-Michel Péru, Michael Pollak, Anne-Marie Thiesse . Konstanz: Universitätsverlag Konstanz. van Rees, Cees J. 1983a. Advances in the Empirical Sociology of Literature and the Arts: The Institutional Approach.

Poetics 12: 285-310. van Rees, Cees J. 1983b. How a Literary Work Becomes a Masterpiece: On the Threefold Selection Practised by effect Literary Criticism. Poetics 12: 397-417. van Rees, Cees J. Potato Cylinder? 1987. How reviewers reach consensus on the value of negative effect of internet literary works.

Poetics 16: 275-94. van Rees, Cees J. 1989. The Institutional Foundation of a Critic's Connoisseurship. Poetics 18: 179-98. Robbins, Derek. 1991. The Work of Pierre Bourdieu: Recognizing Society . Milton Keynes: Open University.

A short and at times rather simplistic survey of potato cylinder Bourdieu's work in chronological order designed as an introduction for negative effect of internet students. Robbins covers Bourdieu's major publications from Sociology d'Algerie to La Noblesse d'Etat , but only marginally touches on his literary sociological works. Robbins, Derek. 2000. Bourdieu and Culture. London etc: Sage. de Saint Martin, Monique. Written? 1990. Les 'femmes écrivains et le champ littéraire. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 83: 52-56. Schwingel, Markus.

1993. Analytik der Kämpfe: Macht und Herrschaft in der Soziologie Bourdieus . Hamburg: Argument Verlag. Schwingel, Markus. 1997. Kunst, Kultur und Kampf um Anerkennung: Die Literatur- und Kunstsoziologie Pierre Bourdieus in ihrem Verhältnis zur Erkenntnis- und Kultursoziologie. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der Deutschen Literatur 22.2: 109-151. A useful overview of the effect central aspects of what year written Bourdieu's sociology of culture. Schwingel shows in how far the negative concepts of the field and habitus are the The Risks Associated with Computer Dependency Essay essential building blocks of an extensive model not only of the sociology of culture but, ultimately, of a genereal sociology.

Shiagh, Morag. 1993. 'Cultural studies' and the work of Pierre Bourdieu. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 213-223. Verdaasdonk, Hugo. 1989. Literary Magazines as Media for Publishing Literary Texts. Poetics 18: 215-32. Assmann, Aleida Jan Assmann.

1987. Negative Effect Of Internet? Kanon und Zensur als kultursoziologische Kategorien. In: Aleida Assmann Jan Assmann, eds. Kanon und Zensur: Beiträge zur Archäologie der literarischen Kommunikation II . München: Fink. 7-27. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971. The Social Context of to kill Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell.

Bürger, Peter. 1974. Of Internet? Theorie der Avantgarde . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. [ Theory of the Avant-Garde . Trans. Michael Shaw. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1984] Bürger, Peter. 1985/1986. The Institution of 'Art' as a Category in the Sociology of shakarganj food Literature.

Cultural Critique 2: 5-33. Bürger, Peter, ed. 1978. Seminar: Kunst- und Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Cultural Studies 4. 1973. (Special issue on negative effect of internet Literature/society: mapping the field)

Desan, Phillippe, Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson Wendy Griswold, eds. 1989. Literature and Social Practice . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Fügen, Hans Norbert. 1966. Die Hauptrichtungen der Literatursoziologie . Bonn: Bouvier. Gaiser, Gottlieb.

1983. Zur Empirisierung des Kanonbegriffs. SPIEL 2: 123-35. Gaiser, Gottlieb. 1993. Literaturgeschichte und literarische Institutionen: Zu einer Pragmatik der Literatur . Meitingen: Verlag Literatur + Wissenschaft. Gedin, Per. 1977.

Literature in the Marketplace . London: Faber. Griswold, Wendy. 1987. The Fabrication of Meaning: Literary Interpretation in the United States, Great Britain, and the West Indies. American Journal of what device wordsworth use in Sociology 92: 1077-1117. von Hallberg, Robert, ed.

1984. Of Internet? Canons . Was Romeo And Juliet? Chicago: Chicago UP. Lepenies, Wolf. 1985. Die drei Kulturen: Soziologie zwischen Literatur und Wissenschaft . München: Hanser. Poggioli, Renato. 1968. The Theory of the Avant-Garde . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Rogers, Mary F. 1991. Novels, Novelists, and Readers: Toward a Phenomenological Sociology of Literature . Albany: State University of New York Press. Sanders, Hans.

1981. Institution Literatur und Roman: Zur Rekonstruktion der Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Scharfschwerdt, Jürgen. 1977. Grundprobleme der Literatursoziologie: Ein wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Überblick . Effect Of Internet? Stuttgart etc.: Kohlhammer.

Schenck, Celeste M. Device Does The Poet Written? 1989. Exiled by Genre: Modernism, Canonicity, and the Politics of Exclusion. In: Mary Lynn Broe Angela Ingram, eds. Effect? Women's Writing in Exile . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 226-250. Viala, Alain. 1988. Prismatic Effects.

Critical Inquiry 14: 563-573. Voßkamp, Wilhelm. 1977. Gattungen als literarisch-soziale Institutionen: Zu Problemen sozial- und funktionsgeschichtlich orientierter Gattungstheorie und -historie. The Risks Dependency Essay? In: Walter Hinck, ed. Negative Effect? Textsortenlehre - Gattungsgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. Device Lines Written? 27-44. Wasserstrom, William. 1962. T.S.

Eliot and The Dial . Sewanee Review 70.1: 81-92. Wolff, Janet. [1981] 1993. The Social Production of Art . London: Macmillan.

Order Content from the Best Essay Writing Service -
O NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS - Lists10

Nov 25, 2017 Negative effect of internet, write my research paper -
Negative Impact Of Internet | My Essay Point

26 Common Resume Mistakes That Will Lose You the Job. There’s no tip-toeing around the importance of a resume it can be the difference between landing an interview with your dream company or sitting at home and never hearing back from a potential employer. With mouths to feed, bills to pay and countless other financial responsibilities, your resume can be a priceless tool. So if it’s this important, there has to effect of internet, be a tried and true formula for writing a resume, right? With the variety of the poet lines written jobs available and the differing expectations from employers, there’s no one-size-fits all approach to crafting the perfect resume. Experts agree that each version you create should be catered to the specific position for which you’re applying. But experts also agree on a handful of common resume mistakes that will likely have your resume soaring into the trash bin. Negative Effect? We consulted a panel of career professionals to help us compile a list of what NOT to to kill racism, do.

Follow these tips to help keep your resume at the top of the effect, stack. 26 common resume mistakes to avoid at all costs. Our resume experts have a lot to say on this topic. So grab a cup of to kill quotes coffee and join us as we outline 26 ways you can keep your resume out effect, of the problems with drinking and driving essay, “No” pile. When it comes to basic resume etiquette It’s clear there are many possible mistakes job candidates can make when crafting their resumes, but for many hiring professionals, one stands above the rest. “The worst, most egregious mistake? Typos, misspelling and poor grammar,” says Lynda Spiegel, founder of Rising Star Resumes. A resume littered with errors is the quickest way to convince prospective employers to move on to the next resume. Establishing a “personal brand” can feel awkward and self-promotional at firstbut hey, you are here to negative of internet, show prospective employers what you have to with, offer! “Create a compelling tagline and statement that helps to quickly define your differentiators,” suggests Jason Sherman, President of SHERMAN communications marketing. A big mistake can be using buzzwords instead of demonstrating what you’ve actually accomplished. For example, instead of negative of internet saying, I am great team player, try providing details that are true to your experience, such as, I worked in a team of five, says Anna-Jane Niznikowska, career coach at Telegraph Street.

4. Underestimating the Associated Computer Essay, power of keywords. “One common mistake is not being found by recruiters due to the lack of keywords,” says James Hu, co-founder and CEO of Jobscan. Pay attention to negative effect of internet, the words and what does the poet wordsworth use in lines phrases used in the job description and be sure to include some in your resume. Negative Of Internet? That way you’ll be sure to catch the eye of the initial screeners who will then pass your resume along to to kill racism, the hiring managers who make the larger decisions. It’s tempting to fill your resume with unnecessary adjectives or generic information to make it appear more robust. But job candidates should always try to link their achievements to real, solid numbers, according to Jasmine Elias, marketing manager at effect Kizkaz. “I don't want to hear that you created a new social media strategy, I want to the poet wordsworth written, know what the results were.” This probably seems like another no-brainer.

But hiring professionals run into this more often than we’d like to believe! “Lying on a resume can cost you the job,” says Tracy Vistine, lead recruiter for Messina Group. “Companies require background checks and if your experience does not match your resume, an offer will be rescinded.” There’s no hard-and-fast rule for this one, but many professionals recommend keeping your resume between one and three pages. The important thing here is to consider the fact that the person reading it will like be reading dozens of others. Making your information easily skimmable by labeling sections and including bulleted lists could help it get past the first round of screening. We briefly mentioned this already but it’s worth highlighting again. While many jobs are similar in nature, a resume must be tailored specifically to each job you are applying for, according to Niznikowska.

No matter how sneaky you think you are, most employers can tell the difference. When it comes to personal information 9. Using an negative, unprofessional email addresses. You know that email address you thought was hilarious when you created it during your junior year of high school? Chances are, hiring managers won’t get as much of a kick out of it as you did back then. “For goodness sake, use a professional email,” says Leanne E. Device The Poet Use In Lines Written? King, president and CEO of SeeKing HR. A good rule of thumb for this one is to incorporate some variation of your first and last name. 10. Misspelling your email address. It may seem hard to believe, but one of the most common mistakes employers encounter is an incorrect email address, according to Salary.com.

With email being one of the most prominent points of contact in today’s digital age, it’s crucial you get this one right. 11. Listing multiple phone numbers. It is not necessary to list all your contact numbers, King says. To keep it simple, include your primary line, but be sure the one you do provide works and effect of internet has a professional voicemail greeting in case you’re not around to answer an important call. A big no-no on your resume is including information on The Risks Associated Computer Dependency Essay, your hobbies or interests. Of Internet? But that said, sometimes sharing unique things about yourself can be the shakarganj food, differentiator between you and another qualified candidate. The trick here is to be sure the of internet, info you choose to problems drinking essay, include can translate to employable attributes.

For example, it can be helpful to effect of internet, share that you coach little league, but not that the Yankees are your favorite team. When it comes to your qualifications 13. Burying (or omitting) your accomplishments. To Kill A Mockingbird Racism? Employers do care about negative effect of internet your education, but most are more concerned with how you’ve used your degree since you earned it. For that reason, Sherman suggests leading with your experience and problems drinking and driving accomplishments and effect of internet then moving on to listing your credentials. No one likes a show-boater but you don’t have to a mockingbird racism quotes, sell yourself short. Your resume is your chance to negative, make a great first impression to prospective employers, so don’t hesitate to share any achievements or awards. 15. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes? Including irrelevant experience. If you list every responsibility you’ve had in every position you’ve ever held, you will appear to lack direction.

Pay attention to effect of internet, the job for which you’re applying and what that specific position will require of shakarganj food you. If some of your experience doesn’t fit in with the position, you shouldn’t clutter your resume with it, Sherman asserts. A common red flag is listing a handful jobs that lasted less than 1-2 years, especially in a row. “One might be expected,” says Jonathan Poston, founder of of internet Yiveo.com, “but more than that and you'll be labelled a jumper. Associated Computer Dependency Essay? If your work experience looks like this, try to negative effect of internet, work in a way to a mockingbird racism quotes, explain the negative of internet, constant shifting, such as relocation, salary upgrade or something equally relevant. To Kill Racism? 17. Misrepresenting gaps in negative effect of internet, employment. You should never fudge your dates of what does the poet use in lines employment to duqguise any gaps during which you weren’t working.

Remember that these things can easily be verified through HR. It’s much better to explain the negative, absence than it is to be deemed a liar! There’s no hard-and-fast rule for how far back you should dig into your work history, although many professionals suggest capping it off at the last ten years. Employers don’t need to know about every summer job you held through high school or that you waited tables during college last decade. 19. Overlooking your volunteer work. “This is a social world, so include your volunteer efforts especially when they speak to critical skills or experience required for the position,” King says.

Whether you’ve volunteered at a local church, coached children’s sports or worked on the administrative side of local fundraiser, highlight that in your resume! It can speak not only to problems and driving, your experience, but also to your character and willingness to do more than is asked of you. 20. Omitting your ongoing education. Current college students often wonder about this one. Rather than simply listing the high school you attended, applicants should list the college they are enrolled in and the expected graduation date, says Andra Laca, senior digital marketing coordinator at The Centrics Group. The same applies for negative of internet college graduates currently pursuing post-graduate education.

It is with Essay, crucial to be clear and concise when listing your qualifications. This might require doing a bit of research on relevant industry lingo in order to ensure you’re speaking the right language! “I've seen resumes that list ‘Internet,’ as a skill,” Speigal jokes, “Really?” Instead, consider saying something like, “ample experience with web-based research,” or “proficient in negative effect of internet, website maintenance.” In the midst of flaunting your accomplishments and qualifications, it’s also important to was romeo and juliet, leave some white space on negative of internet, your resume, King says. A Mockingbird Racism? This makes it appear more inviting and interviewers often like to make notes in the margins. Of Internet? It’s only natural to want to potato cylinder, catch an employer’s eye in the midst of dozens of resumes, but using signature colors should be avoided, according to Vistine. You want to be sure your resume doesn’t look amateur and that your experience and qualifications can speak for themselves. 24. Adding too many bells whistles. Just because you have access to clipart or Photoshop doesn’t mean you have to use it when building your resume. “Some folks get too creative and negative of internet end up making their resumes look like the cover of what was romeo and juliet written a fashion magazine,” Sherman says. Once again, let your experience do the effect of internet, talking. A flashy-looking resume may indicate that you’re overcompensating for a lack of Associated with Computer qualifications.

Pick a font that is professional and effect of internet easy to what year was romeo, read and stick with it. If your font varies throughout your resume, that can be distracting or possibly viewed as sloppy by prospective employers. A good rule of thumb is to use a font with serifs if your resume will be read in negative effect, print, while sans-serif is The Risks Associated Computer Dependency, ideal for web-based viewing. Clear and consistent formatting speaks volumes about process and professional presence, King says. This can include making sure your section headers all match (same font size, all underlined, etc.) and maintaining consistency with the style of bullet points you use throughout. Effect? Staying on top of shakarganj food this will give your resume a more polished look. Ready to take the next step in your job search? Phew! Did you get all of that? Crafting a resume can be both overwhelming and challenging.

So bookmark this list to make sure you avoid these common resume mistakes every time you’re revising yours for a new job opportunity. With a resume that’s polished, professional and of internet concise, you’re one step closer to catching the eye of prospective employers! Now that your resume is shakarganj food, up to par, it's time to start preparing for the interviews that will hopefully follow. Check out our article: 6 Body Language Tips for Successful Job Interviews . This piece of effect ad content was created by Rasmussen College to support its educational programs. Racism? Rasmussen College may not prepare students for all positions featured within this content. Please visit www.rasmussen.edu/degrees for negative a list of Dependency Essay programs offered. External links provided on rasmussen.edu are for reference only.

Rasmussen College does not guarantee, approve, control, or specifically endorse the information or products available on websites linked to, and is not endorsed by website owners, authors and/or organizations referenced. Rasmussen College is effect, a regionally accredited private college and shakarganj food Public Benefit Corporation. Aaron is a freelance writer for negative effect of internet Collegis education who writes student-focused articles on behalf of Rasmussen College. His interest in writing articles for students stems from his passion for poetry and what and juliet written fiction and the belief that all words can educate. Your Story Idea Has Been Submitted. Thank you for sending us a story idea!

We’re reviewing submissions and may contact you soon to learn more about your story. In the meantime, make sure to check out our current blogs to see what’s happening on negative of internet, campus. Rasmussen College is a regionally accredited college authorized to with Essay, operate as a postsecondary educational institution by the Illinois Board of Higher Education.

Order Essay Services & Assignment Papers Online -
Negative Effects of Internet on Youth - Indian Youth

Nov 25, 2017 Negative effect of internet, order essay services & assignment papers online -
Картинки по запросу negative effect of internet

computer resume tech This articles provides a collection of sample resume objectives. Career objective is the effect, most important part of device does the poet wordsworth use in lines written, resume which describe your motive for job. This statement helps employer to determine whether your goal is in line with their organization and the position available. Take your time to create a powerful opening for effect, resume. A Mockingbird Racism Quotes! Your Objective should be two or three lines long at most. Choose the objectives which describe your skills best. To make a sound position in negative effect of internet corporate world and work enthusiastically in team to achieve goal of the organization/MNC with devotion and drinking and driving hard work. To succeed in negative effect an environment of growth and what year and juliet excellence and earn a job which provides me job Satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organization goals.

To seek challenging assignment and responsibility, with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as successful achievements. To succeed in negative effect of internet an environment of growth and what does the poet excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities. To succeed in an environment of of internet, growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me satisfaction and self development and help me to achieve organizational goal. To work in Associated Dependency Essay an environment which provides more avenues in the fields of effect, computer Hardware and shakarganj food Networking. To be involved in work where I can utilize skill and creatively involved with system That effectively contributes to the growth of organization. To pursue a highly rewarding career, seeking for a job in challenging and healthy work environment where I can utilize my skills and knowledge efficiently for organizational growth. To be an astute learner and of internet the best performer in your organization. So that I can build an innovative career in your esteemed organization by using my skills and other significant talents.

To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job Which provides me job satisfaction and what was romeo and juliet written self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To work in pragmatic way in an organization where I can show my talent and enhance my skills to meet company goals and objective with full integrity and zest. To succeed in an environment of negative effect of internet, growth and excellence and earn a job which provide me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To achieve high carrier growth through a continuous learning process and keep myself dynamic, visionary and competitive with the changing scenario of the world. To work in use in written a challenging environment that provides generous opportunities for learning. In the field of Hardware/Networking. To seek challenging assignment and responsibility with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To work hard with full determination and dedication to effect achieve organizational as well as personal goals. To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges.

I will show my caliber and gain some experience. To obtain professional and financial heights, both for the organization and self, through skill and knowledge and learn from presents as well as establishment also. To obtain a position of the poet wordsworth lines written, responsibilities that utilizes my skills and experience and effect of internet keen to work in does the poet wordsworth an environment where I can enrich my knowledge. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to negative effect serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To strive for excellence, to work in such an environment that will enhance my knowledge and career, where I can perform my management skills according to my strong Caliber and efficiency. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To live honest and hard life to work in a highly challenging competitive environment for the enhancement of my creative abilities and optimum profitability of the organization.

To work hard with full dedication for the achievement of organization objective under satisfying job contact, hence enhancing my skill and knowledge and ready to potato cylinder learn new things. To serve the Organization as a hard worker in this competitive environment discharging all my professional skills. To be a part of negative effect, Organization that provides an problems drinking and driving essay atmosphere of mutual growth and benefits, where I can show my talent and potential. To work in tandem with a team in a challenging and negative of internet competitive environment where I could improve my knowledge, capabilities and put them to what does the poet written use for the development of the organization. To take up challenges in the field of computer Hardware learning the practical that Facilities translation of innovative ideas into novel finding of effect, commercial therapeutic Importance. To create value and recognition on work place by producing the device lines, best result for the organization through synchronize and hard work. To obtain an entry-level position within an organization that offers security and professional growth which requires strong analytical and technical skills. To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of my abilities.

As I am the fresher in this field, I will know about the nature of my work. Moreover, I will attempt to effect know about the various processes which form my job. By doing so, I will be able to the poet written do my job more proficiently. On the other hand, I shall implement my knowledge into the practical world. I will always try to use my skills like honesty, devotion towards my job, punctuality etc. Effect! I will discuss my ideology with my superiors.

To work in a progressive organization which can expand all my knowledge and provided me exciting opportunities to problems and driving utilize my skills and effect qualification to written produce result fidelity. To be part of reputed organization which provides a steady career growth along with job satisfaction, challenges and give value contribution in the success of negative effect, organization. To be a professional and to utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the requirement of the organization in customer service. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to shakarganj food be better other in this competitive Time an influential position in the organization. To work in an organization where I can fulfill my dream to negative effect become as a successful computer hardwareand networking engineer.”

To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business Efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To utilize my knowledge coupled with experience to convert organizational goals in to shakarganj food reality to also ensure a steady growth for self. To make contribution to the organization to the best of my ability and to develop new skills and share my knowledge while interacting with others and of internet achieve new height. To reach the highest echelons in an organization with hard work, dedication constant endeavor to Associated with Dependency perform better and give results. To get a job that can provide challenge. I believe that I would be the effect, most effective in on organization that trust me with responsibility and provide s opportunity to learn and potato cylinder grow. To render my sincere effects in to your esteemed organization this can develop and brush up my knowledge.

To work in an environment where I will accomplish my goal to become a Hardware and Network Engineer. To work in a organization where I can use my skills to negative effect achieve the organization objective and get conductive environment to Learn and grow. To work in shakarganj food a globally competitive environment on challenging Assignments that shall yield the twin benefits of the job satisfaction And a steady paced professional growth. To contribute organization effectiveness through emphasis on efficient utilization of Technical knowledge experience skill to negative of internet enhance my job performance. To secure a challenging position where I can effectively contribute my skills as Software Professional, possessing competent Technical skills.

To give my best in my professional pursuit for overall benefit and growth of the company that I serve by facing the challenges will show my caliber and to kill a mockingbird quotes gain some experience. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best possible way with sheer determination and commitment. To seek challenging assignment and effect of internet responsibility with an opportunity for growth and career advancement as a successfully achievement. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn job which provides me job satisfaction and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To secure a challenging and regarding position and shakarganj food utilize my strong technical, analytical and team building skills.

To work to my optimum level for the betterment of the company/organization and to make a mark as a distinguished professional in an organization. To work in rapidly growing organization with a dynamic environment and achieve organizational goal with my best efforts. To work in of internet an environment where I will accomplish my goal to drinking become a successful Hardware and Networking Engineer. To render my sincere effects in to your esteemed organization this can develop and brush up my knowledge. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence a job which provides me job satisfaction self development and negative help me to achieve personal as well as organizational goal. To seek a responsible and challenging position in the Organization where my knowledge and with Dependency Essay experience can be Shared and of internet enriched. I would like to be a part of an organization where I could use and enhance my knowledge and to kill a mockingbird talent for the development of both the organization and myself. To seek a challenging job in a reputed organization and to integrate my knowledge in negative your esteemed organization. To work in an organization where I can acquire new knowledge and sharpen my skills and put my efforts or achieving organization as well as individual goals. To Obtain Position In A Multinational Company That Will Utilize My Knowledge In Computer And Be Part As A Team Player In The Success Of Grow Thing Company.

To excel in my field through hard work, research, skills and with perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the effect of internet, best of my abilities. To have a challenging career in corporate world and to be a successful professional. To excel in The Risks Essay my field through hard work, research, skills and Perseverance. To serve my parents, and my country with the best of negative, my abilities. To join the organization, where I can contribute my skills talent in the growth of organization. To work in drinking and driving learning and challenging environment, utilizing my skill and knowledge to be the best of my abilities and effect contribute positively to my personal growth as well as growth of the Associated Computer Essay, organization.

To work with an organization that provides me an opportunity to grow and to of internet exploit my potential to excel in the area of my preview so to help the problems with drinking essay, organization in effect the accomplishment of its goal. To enter an impeccable relationship with an organization of repute which can utilize the inherent talent of the incumbent to the maximum and to work on a challenging and dynamic project with good amount of freedom and corresponding work responsibility. To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and potato cylinder accept challenging work and contribute forward the negative, success of and juliet, esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and best performance, and translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and negative abilities into value for potato cylinder, an Organization. To succeed in an environment of growth and excellence and earn a job which provides me job satisfaction and negative effect self development and help me achieve personal as well as organizational goals. I want to get that position from where I will be able to do something not only for my family but also for those person who really needy. To serve a growing organization to the best of my ability sincerely, honestly with hard labor and where I am the role player for the overall growth of the concern and give respect to year was romeo and juliet my senior. I am ever keen to acquire some new technologies and negative effect of internet climb the wordsworth use in lines written, corporate to ladder by honest and hard work.

To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and establish myself as a perfect and of internet accept challenging work and contribute forward the success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. To take up a challenging Career grows with honesty, loyalty, Good relationship and potato cylinder best performance, and negative of internet translate my Experience, knowledge, skills and abilities into value for an Organization. To continuously strive for higher achievement in life and to kill a mockingbird racism establish myself as a perfect and negative accept challenging work and contribute forward the success of esteem organization by hard work and acquired skills. Seeking challenging career in Social Development Sector to device does lines get a position of responsibility, using my skills and of internet efficiency to communicate my ideas and views and commit myself for achieving organizational objectives with the was romeo and juliet written, team effort and my positive attitude and performance. A spring for a position in organization where I can implement my skills and Knowledge to best in my conjunction with company goal and objective. Willing to work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of my capabilities. I aspire for a challenging position in a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and strengthen them in negative of internet conjunction with Organization’s goals.

A self motivated achiever with an what was romeo written ability to plan and effect of internet execute. Looking for a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for delivering high quality services. Aspiring to associate with an shakarganj food organization, which offers a congenial environment for growth. I am organized and enjoy working with people have an attitude for learning quickly. Negative Effect Of Internet! I enjoy challenges and look forward to the learning opportunity offered by my next co-op work team. I aspire for a challenging position in a professional Organization where I can enhance my skills and strengthen them in what does use in lines written conjunction with Organizations’ goals.

A self motivated achiever with an ability to plan and execute. Intend to build a career with leading corporate of hi-tech environment with committed and dedicated. Which will help me to explore myself fully and realize my potential willing to negative of internet work as key player in a mockingbird racism quotes challenging and creative environment. Desire to effect of internet make a promise in career by way of self-development and contributing meaningfully to potato cylinder the progress of organization. A challenging Career which offers an opportunity to negative move in organizational hierarchy with continuous learning and growth. This is the step where it would essential for me to become acquainted with the work scenario. Shakarganj Food! I would learn the work culture.

I will study the work so that when I join to this job it would be easy for me to work. Wanted to serve organization with honesty and effect full efficiency to make the organization as a leading company. With oriented and leading edge organization which will provide opportunities for continuing growth and advancement. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the Organization. A challenging position that will utilize my extensive technical skills and will lead me to innovative work environment. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the drinking and driving, Organization. Optimum Utilization of my talents and Skills and want to be a successful computer Hardware and Networking Administrator. Seeking a challenging and progressive career using my inner strengths, professional, skills and of internet creative thinking to gain future exposure, strengths and Experiences.

Seeking a responsible and challenging position with a turbulent and dynamic organization which offers opportunities for personal and professional development and where I can best utilize my knowledge and Associated Dependency skills. Seeking a position to of internet enhance my skills and abilities in the Information Technology Industry that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Capable to perform Job Course and condition within the Responsibilities Sphere. Fully Motivated and Dedicated to shakarganj food Job range to achieve Good Career in working Organization. Willing to effect work for a reputed organization to deliver my service up to best of my capabilities. To be a professional and to what year was romeo and juliet written utilize my skill and knowledge to full fill the requirement of the organization in customer service. I would like to be flourishing as a Network technician. I have all technical skills as well as a positive approach which will lead me to success in any deal. In future I would like to grasp more and more knowledge about effect, this field which will give me name and fame in the related field.

I will update my knowledge every time and use it for the progress of the company. To work with best of my abilities an skills in order to benefit my organization to be better other in does the poet wordsworth use in this competitive Time an influential position in the organization. My intention at this step would be to learn new things related to my profession. As it is a technical field, one has to be updated because the negative effect of internet, technology changes often. It is my responsibility to what device the poet use in lines written learn and of internet adopt the new technology. It would be profitable for me as well as for my company.

Highly motivated to work in a professional environment with a growing organization and to put in best efforts for the technical enhancements of organization and myself. Looking for a high-grown organization with a competitive and challenging environment that creates an ideal condition for delivering high quality services. Aspiring to associate with an organization, which offers a congenial environment for growth. Want to build a career with leading corporate having committed and dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential. Looking for a challenging role so that I can use my capabilities through sincerely dedication and hard work to move up the graph of the what was romeo and juliet, Organization.

Learn each and everything that contribute best for the growth of the organization by continue developing and sharing my skill ability. I would always prepare myself for contributing in the progress of organization. The development of the company would be my prime area of interest. It would help me to create a good impression among my companions. I would use my ideology while working.

So, I will come to know the strength of my skills. A Position that will harness strong problem solving analytical interpersonal and networking skills and will allow working with a high performance team working on cutting edge of negative effect of internet, technology. In today's world, competition has reached its peak. It is not easy to stabilize ourselves in this neck-cut competition. However, if we have skills and enough confidence, we can survive in the IT world. For that, I will enhance my skills and make myself capable in the field. To enhance my working capacities, professional skills, business efficiencies and to serve my organization in best way with sheer determination and commitment. Want to build a career with leading Corporate having committed and dedicated people whom I will work with all my potential and enhance my skills. A growth oriented profile in a company where my skill knowledge is effectively used for the success of the organization.

Want to Work with a Rapidly Growing Organization with a dynamic environment to achieve goal of organization with my best efforts. Seeking challenging career in Social Development sector to get a position of responsibility, using my skills efficiency to communicate my ideas and shakarganj food views and commit myself for achieving organization objectives with the team effort and my positive attitude and performance. Continuous progress on effect both professional and personal fronts through all round skills with emphasis on assigned targets. Hard work and team spirit thereby anticipating and meeting the challenging arising in the contemporary competitive business environment integrity and given to sustained hard work. And if provide with an a mockingbird racism opportunity I shall try my level best in satisfying my superiors in rightful discharge of my duties. I want to exploit my talent and want to effect of internet grow with the Organization and want to become a responsible person by doing hard work and want to what and juliet deliver my best to the organization. In quest for effect of internet, assignments in Operation management, Service management, Business development, Testing and Maintenance with an organization of repute.

Seeking a position to utilize my skills and abilities in the Computer industries that offers professional growth while being resourceful, innovative and flexible. Willing to work as a key player in challenging and creative environment. I can tackle with any technical problem as I have the profound knowledge of my field. I have all technical skills which help me to solve any problem. I know how to work in various situations. I can cope up with my companions.

I know my work areas. What Device The Poet Wordsworth Written! I know how to discuss on various business deals and I can crack them.

Buy Essay Online Cheap -
Negative Impact Of Internet | My Essay Point

Nov 25, 2017 Negative effect of internet, order essay from experienced writers with ease -
Negative Effects Of Internet On Students And Teenagers - VKool com

Implications of Information Technology on effect of internet LAPD Essay. Los Angeles is year was romeo and juliet written, one of the cities in the United States, in the year 2010; the effect city is approximated to have a population of The Risks Associated with Dependency four million people, with an area of four hundred and sixty eight square miles. In 1869, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) was created to serve the area. Negative Of Internet. Currently, LAPD is the third most prevalent police department in the United States. The police force faces an array of challenges Corwin, (2004), these includes governance, financial constraints, resource allocations, sustainable evidence gathering and storage, crime detections and potato cylinder, operational priorities. Brief background of the organization Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) has been in the forefront in innovative techniques in an effort to negative effect, fight crime, the technological systems proposed to what device does use in lines written, be adopted by LAPD, takes into negative effect of internet consideration the implementations which are currently in place. Shakarganj Food. LAPD has adopted several Information Technology centered techniques which includes remote camera surveillance system, automatic license plate-recognition system, computer-aided dispatch (CAD) system and negative of internet, facial-recognition software. The information Technology driven approaches adopted by LAPD have had strategic implications on the performance of the year was romeo and juliet police department Chu, (2001), considering the diverse challenges encountered by the police force; the technologies are also envisioned to offer a competitive edge, to effect, the police force in fighting crime. The report considers and evaluates the strategic implications of information technology in the police force in future.

Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) has been cooperating with several partners in implementation information technology driven solutions to fight crime. Over the past the department has utilized Information Technology in gathering watertight evidence in criminal cases and gaining public trust, the problems drinking and driving essay phased implementation of installation of video cameras in one thousand six hundred cars, to effect, serve more than twelve thousand officers, to cost approximately $25 million is evidenced highlight of the utilization of Information Communication Technology. Northrop Grumman has long history with the American armed forces, the company was contracted in the year 1996 to plan and construct the Los Angeles Police Department Emergency Command Control and Communications System with subsidiary self-sufficient emergency dispatch centers, the project lasted for five years. With diverse experience, they have assisted the police to deploy computer-aided dispatch (CAD) the police boast of Emergency Communication System which integrates CommandPoint(tm) Mobile applications from Northrop Grumman and computer-aided dispatch (CAD) Discussion of quotes Current Business Issues Governance has been a business challenge in the United States police force, Los Angeles inclusive. There has been a mix up in roles and responsibilities of the police officers, where at negative effect times the states have had mixed hierarchies confounded by bureaucratic empires and fiefdoms. Furthermore, there have been a massive amount of units, which has complicated the crime fighting due to problems with and driving, diverse hierarchy of reporting structures. The current business environment calls for paradigm shift to increase accountability and transparency.

Governance in the police force has also been an issue in waning public confidence, the current business environment favors self perpetuating oligarchy, this call for implementation of effect systems that favor accountability to the public. As regards financial expenditure in drinking the police force, the police have over the years been consumers of tax, without resultant direct creation of wealth. Business wise, the police force have been viewed as liabilities to the tax payers, the fact that criminals have been advancing in technology calls for a rejoinder in effect form of technological advancement from the police quarters, this comes with increased expenditure. Moreover, the area covered by The Risks with Essay the Los Angeles police department is wide, with the negative of internet ever increasing population means that the financial expenditure rises with time, however, the prevailing economic situations means that there are several competing needs for the funds available; this has curtailed monies allocated to the police department. The business environment also involves utilization of resources. Human resources, which in this case involves police officers and Information Communication Technology staff are the what device does the poet wordsworth use in lines essential resources in the LAPD, currently, the legendary system requires the police department to have trained personnel to manage the network infrastructure. Negative Effect. The systems also have the shakarganj food police department utilizing its own network link, which is very expensive in terms of maintenance as well as the regular training of officers as argued by Glenn, (2003), to update on the latest encryption techniques, so as to maintain the integrity of data. A crucial examination of the duties and negative effect, responsibilities of all the officers has at times generated duplication of responsibilities, with several officers dedicated to supervisory duties rather than in problems with drinking essay directly fighting crime, therefore the roles of the officers have to be defined and the human resource streamlined to meet the customer demands, which in this case, is the public. The biggest challenge however has been escalating crime and solution lies in effect of internet effectively detecting and avoiding crime. Some researchers have argued that senior police officers condone the practices associated with fiddling the figures, “Cooking the Books” also referred as gaming, to with drinking essay, portray crime levels as decreasing, by techniques such as cuffing, stitching, skewing, nodding.

The business issues are weakness in negative terms of The Risks Associated with evidence to charge suspects, where suspects have escaped judgment due to weak evidence mechanism, Joycelyn, (2008). Moreover, with the escalating number of criminals, officers have at time had to effect, rely of the strength of their memories to what use in, remember all the suspects, in addition some suspects may be available in negative effect of internet the police departments’ database, but the officers may not be able to access the data while in shakarganj food the field. There is therefore a need of a system which can capture and sustain evidence, while assisting the of internet officers identify criminals hence improving security in Los Angeles. Another current issue is the operational priorities challenge where the priorities of the police force have been diversified and not in agreement with the Peelian principles, which lays emphasis on protection of life and property and the prevention and potato cylinder, detection of crime, in this case anything else is a distraction. The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) has faced the challenge of operational priorities, where the effect systems being utilized have demanded the officers to concentrate on maintaining the systems; there is therefore need to implement a system which fosters Peelian principles. The current business environment has therefore a myriad of challenges, the police at all times are expected to have a strategic competitive advantage over their competitor – the criminals.

The police have to a mockingbird, adopt a paradigm shift which invilves adoption and implementation of effect Information Technology driven solutions, the application of not only creativity but also imagination in the approach to its adoption gives credence to the common caution to innovators that you cannot use yesterday’s tool for today’s job and expect to a mockingbird quotes, be in business tomorrow. With respect to Los Angeles Police Department, , LAPD cannot afford to keep using traditional methodology of detecting and fighting crime and effect, expected to beat the criminals who are advancing with technology. Discussion of Proposed Solution The proposed solution lies in total implementation of the Emergency Communication System which integrates CommandPoint(tm) Mobile applications and computer-aided dispatch (CAD). The implementation of CommandPoint Mobile interfaces acts as a link between the command centre and the field units, improving access to the latest information by the field officers while fostering exchange of problems with drinking essay information, between the field officers, command centre and other interested police forces within the effect United States, such as the detectives and crime busters. The envisioned solution should in shakarganj food addition encompass remote camera surveillance which posses’ intelligent video competence to tenuously recognize and scrutinize apprehensive occurrences, when illegal actions transpire the police officers can be alerted.

The automatic license plate-recognition system (PlateScan) involves patrol vehicles fitted with video cameras and mobile data computer, where the scanned license plates are systematically compared with existent data in databases incase the negative of internet vehicle may be of what device does the poet wordsworth use in need to the law enforcers. The facial-recognition software works in concord with camera surveillance system to scrutinize the captured images of human faces, then quickly and accurately judge against images contained in the database, these video cameras are deployed in patrol vehicles. This is negative effect, envisaged to address the year written problem of identification of negative of internet suspects, since suspects can be identified in shorter times. To interconnect the several disperse officers in the field, LAPD’s Information and Communications Services Bureau adopted, it is proposed that the officers utilize public network to potato cylinder, decrease costs while improving security by increasing coverage, using public network also reduces the human resource constraint the network shall have, since the police shall not have to maintain their own network, neither to they have to maintain the network. With the implementation of the automated field reporting system and Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD), the need for mobile communication with high speed broadband was imminent, the legendary system was restricted to certain areas, while operating in low speeds of 19. Kilo bits per second, the proposed solution is to consider the existent LAPD installed Sprint Data Link where the patrol vehicles are fitted an antenna connected to an EV-DO Sierra Wireless 595 connection card in a Dell D610 laptops installed with Windows XP operating system SP2, 1 GB of RAM, a DVD drive, and an 80 GB hard disk, the police can easily access databases, crime-analysis data, photographs, fingerprints, reports and mapping data,. Negative. The fact that Sprint is a private network calls for need to increment the security measures.

The proposed solution includes utilization of registered modems by the officers to avoid unauthorized access to the network; this is fostered by was romeo end-to-end encryption as well as the providers’ authentication server. Computer Aided Dispatch in combination with the proposals above provides the officers indispensable wide source of information for negative effect strategic decision making. The utilization of information technology has been fostered further by what does use in lines written Bluetooth fingerprint scanners; currently the scanners are limited in application. However, it is negative, proposed that every patrol vehicle to be equipped with fingerprint scanners, such that persons with clean history cannot be subjected to suspicious arrests, this addresses the what device wordsworth issue of arbitrary arrests therefore improving the negative of internet customer image of the police force, furthermore, the devices to be utilized by the officers should be GPS capable therefore the does use in lines written police can accurately determine locations and positions with precision. The utilization of a private mobile broadband network is intentioned to effect of internet, reduce the costs associated with network access since utilizes high speeds, with minimal costs, furthermore, officers are relieved the duties of what was romeo and juliet written maintaining the network. The laptops have to preserve the negative effect image determined for mission critical systems to guarantee dependability and security with minimal downtime without dependence on Information Communication Technology personnel; this requires the deployment of Anti-Executable and Deep Freeze as a comprehensive solution on the MDC laptops. Deep Freeze allows the users to promptly reboot the laptop to return it to its original Configuration, this has avoided the need to substitute the laptops when a problem occurs.

This is in addition to Anti-Executable’s whitelist technology which standardizes the operating environment by regulating the programs installable. With Drinking And Driving Essay. This has been adopted to reduce the number of personnel required to effect of internet, keep the systems in performance mode, therefore addressing governance challenges. The proposed solution is not immune of challenges, considering that the operations are in data sensitive environment, the shifting of the computing environment from MDT to MDC denote new software and hardware, this introduces threats and vulnerabilities. Year Was Romeo Written. Using more than one thousand five hundred laptops and modems introduces new threats and probable software configuration issues. Windows XP is predisposed to external threats such as spyware, viruses, and other malware. The strategic utilization of Information Technology in LAPD.

The future of LAPD in utilization of Information Technology has great potential. The Department has optional innovations which include empowering police on foot; horseback or bicycle patrols with high-speed data network access by facilitating handheld devices to utilize wireless data cards, the effect officers can effectively access the data, from the centralized station, without necessarily using patrol vehicles. Furthermore, having high definition video streamed from cameras and with essay, patrol cars to a centralized system in the station enables the police to have real-time information of negative scenarios as they unfold. In addition, the department can integrate GPS information into the dispatch system for mobile resource management. Recommendations Whereas the police department has been faced with an problems with drinking and driving, array of challenges such as the large population size and density, the bulky geographical area, and further complicated by the cultural diversity of the residents. Information technology has been extolled as the ultimate solution, while progressing efficiency of the of internet Department. Implementation of the quotes proposed system shall enable the LAPD reduce costs associated with networking, since they shall be utilizing public network and already available software such as Windows XP, Deep Freeze and Anti-Executable. Moreover, the system shall require fewer officers to manage, hence reducing costs while addressing governance challenges by ensuring that officers get access to all the requisite information as and effect, when needed, hence avoiding bureaucracy in accessing information. While fostering the relationship with the customers – the to kill public, the officers shall also be able to detect and deal with crime as it occurs, while getting substantial and immense evidences against criminals. The system also enables the officers to negative of internet, concentrate on their operational priority – fighting crime in Los Angeles.

To protect the people of Los Angeles therefore, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) should adopt information technology driven solutions which are anticipated to offer several merits in the next three years and beyond. These strategic impacts of the proposed system are intentioned to have a competitive advantage over criminals, these strategic impacts include enhanced coverage, faster response to emergencies, mapping capabilities and harmonization of communication among the police personnel, connectivity to with essay, the investigators and detectives as well as to effect, the entire United States police unit – hence reducing or even eliminating crime in Los Angeles. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 24 September 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Implications of Information Technology on LAPD.

for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.