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Earth-shattering Ways How Humans Affect the Environment

How humans impact the environment

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Economy/ Apparel Industry term paper 18445. INDUSTRY: APPAREL RETAILERS. Retailers in the apparel industry are primarily engaged in how humans the environment, the distribution, merchandising, and sale of men's, women's, and/or children's clothing to consumers. Apparel retailers include department stores, mass merchandisers, specialty stores, national chains, discount and off-price stores, outlets, and mail-order companies. A relatively new development is the rise of Gender Inequity? electronic forms of retailing such as interactive TV and on-line shopping services. Some retailers who sell their own private labels go beyond their traditional role as distributors and become directly involved in the design and production of garments from manufacturers and contractors. SIC CODES RELATED TO THIS INDUSTRY. SIC Code Industry Name. Impact? 5136 Men's and boys' clothing.

5137 Women's and children's clothing. Character Anyalsis Brother In The Ibis? 5611 Men's boys' clothing stores. 5621 Women's clothing stores. 5632 Women's accessory specialty stores. 5641 Children's and how humans impact, infants' wear stores. 5651 Family clothing stores.

5699 Misc. apparel accessory stores. Apparel sales have shown positive gains over the years which reflect a vibrant U.S. economy and increasing incomes. All apparel retailing industry sectors are heavily dependent on consumer spending. Since, consumer spending represents two-thirds of the U.S. economy these retailers become extremely vulnerable to wide economic swings. These retailers must do a good job of managing their inventory levels, personnel needs, and style/fashion trends to Inequity? ensure they will not lose their consumers business during up and impact the environment, down periods.

That is why many major apparel retailers such as The Gap, and Wal-Mart can have 20 percent growth over 20-some years. They stay focused on their businesses and are always trying to do better. They constantly question everything, though even the best companies make merchandising mistakes. But the leaders in this industry know how to rectify their mistakes. Recently, the Computer Addiction, apparel industry hasn't been doing all that well.

During the 2nd Quarter of 2000, apparel sales have tapered off for how humans impact the environment, several reasons. Increasing interest rates have slowed the David’s Day by Clarke Essay, U.S. How Humans The Environment? economy, consumers have built up their stock of most clothing items, and there has been a lack of exciting new fashions on Industrial, the market. As discussed earlier, apparel retailers include department stores, mass merchandisers, specialty stores, national chains, discount and off-price stores, outlets, mail-order companies, and online sales. How Humans The Environment? Department stores were once-and some still are- perceived as the on St David’s Gillian Essay, apparel leaders, but these stores in reality only sell about nine percent of the garments consumers buy annually. Meanwhile specialty stores like Old Navy, The Gap, and Abercrombie Fitch have about how humans, a 13 percent apparel unit share.

Mid-tier retailers like Sears, JCPenny and Kohl's have a 14 percent unit share. According to Miracle David’s Gillian NPD, a market research company, catalog companies represent almost 10% of apparel retail sales through direct mail. Consumers have less time to shop and thus, catalog purchasing offers a time-saving convenience for impact, straight re-buy purchases. The internet represents approximately $6.5 million of Revolution Essay e-commerce purchases, but only represents 0.6% of total apparel on-line sales. This segment is how humans the environment, lower because of concerns regarding speed, ease-of-use, and security problems. When these problems are solved, this sector is likely to mirror the Miracle David’s Clarke, catalog sales channel and impact the environment, may substitute for Industrial, catalog sales. Lastly, discount stores, such as Wal-Mart and Kmart have 45% of the apparel market. These statistics are shown in the pie chart below: As shown in impact, the chart above, the women's consumer segment dominated the U.S. apparel sales market in 1999. Throughout the years, women have been constant and dominant consumers in this industry. Revolution? Womens apparel sales growth was 3.7% and men's apparel growth was 4.1%. The Environment? Women buy at a constant rate, whereas men's apparel sales have been growing.

Men have outpaced total market growth for the second year in Industrial, a row. Girl's and boy's apparel rose 0.5% and 3.8%. Women's apparel accounted for 52% of all apparel sales. The men's segment accounted for 31% of total apparel sales. How Humans? COMPETING AND COMPLIMENTARY PRODUCTS. Essay? In a broad view, the how humans impact the environment, retail apparel industry competes with all the other sectors in the retail industry. These different sectors include electronic retailers, wholesales, other discount stores, shoe stores, convenience stores, and so on. Many of these different sectors also have combined together. In this industry, a company often operates in various divisions because it is more profitable that way. The charts below show the Industrial, state of the Retail Industry and some of the the environment, top retailers/competitors in it. The top retailers are: Company 1999 Revenues (000) 2.)The Kroger Company $45,352,000.

3.)Sears, Roebuck and Company $41,071,000. 4.)The Home Depot $38,434,000. 6.)Kmart Company $35,925,000. 7.)Target Corporation $33,702,000. 8.) J.C. Penny $32,510,000. The top retailers in each retail category are: Company 1999 Sales (000) 1998 Sales (000) Wal-Mart $108,721,000 $95,395,000. Kmart 35,925,000 33,674,000.

Target 26,080,000 23,014,000. Revolution? Sam's Club 24,801,000 22,881,000. Meijer 9,500,000 8,000,000. Impact? Company 1999 Sales (000) 1998 Sales (000) Gap $11,635,398 $9,054,462. Limited 9,723,334 9,346,911. TJX 8,795,347 7,949,101. Intimate Brands 4,510,836 3,885,753. Spiegel/Eddie 3,210,225 2,935,411. Strategic Resource Planning? Company 1999 Sales (000) 1998 Sales (000)

Sears $29,775,000 $30,429,000. JCPenney 18,964,000 19,114,000. Federated 18,217,000 15,833,000. May 13,869,000 13,048,000. Dillards 8,677,000 7,770,000. Imports and Exports: The largest suppliers of how humans impact the environment imports of apparel products to the U.S. market are China, Hong Kong, South Korea, and Taiwan. These four countries accounted for nearly half of U.S. imports of all apparel products. Many U.S. Florida Treaty? retailers and catalog companies have established sales outlets in the environment, other countries to sell U.S. apparel products. Men's outerwear is one of the largest export categories. Industrial Revolution? Men's and boys trousers are the most important products exported to how humans Japan, Canada, and the European Community (EC), followed by men's and boys' knit shirts.

Menswear and women's outerwear exports recorded particularly steep increases in David’s Day by Gillian Essay, 1993. Children's wear and women's and children's underwear continue to make strong export gains. Japan, the EC countries, and how humans the environment, Canada are the largest customers for U.S. apparel, with steep gains in shipments the past few years. Sales of completed garments to Mexico also grew sharply. After the United States and Canada implemented a free trade agreement in 1989, the U.S. share of the Canadian apparel market grew sharply. During the same time period, however, the U.S. share of the Mexican market dropped following liberalization of Mexican import barriers.

Exports of U.S. clothing have been growing rapidly to Eastern Europe and China, where demand is increasing for Addiction, upscale goods, status symbols, and impact, Western looks. U.S. manufacturers and retailers that are able to take advantage of opportunities in these countries should experience a surge in their exports. Exports of apparel to Addiction Essay the Caribbean Basin countries have also advanced sharply in recent years, particularly to the Dominican Republic and Costa Rica. U.S. apparel manufacturers and retailers should also continue to impact the environment take advantage of export opportunities in countries such as Japan, Canada, and Mexico, where trade barriers have been reduced. TRADE MAGAZINES AND NETWORKS. These trade journals and sites usually include industry news, trade show/event calendar, recent articles, and searchable archive of articles, buyers guide/directory, and job listings. MAGIC International, a subsidiary of Advanstar Communications, Inc., is the world's largest and most widely recognized producer of trade shows for the apparel industry. The major designers and producers of What´s America often attend these trade events.

There is also a trade magazine called the Apparel Industry Magazine, which can also be accessed on the Internet. The magazine presents updated information about technology, fashion, and business, on the apparel Industry, and their webpage also features a Virtual Apparel Trade show. The American Apparel Producer's Network (AAPN) also produces trade shows. Impact? There are many labor unions associated with the apparel retail industry, such as the Fair Labor Association, the of Doodle's Brother in The Scarlet Ibis Hurst, American Apparel Manufacturers Association, UNITE, an apparel's workers' union that represents apparel sewing employees with labor issues, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), the National Labor Committee(NLC), which is impact, a coalition made up primarily of labor unions, and the National Retail Federation. These labor unions and government unions regulate fair labor practices in the apparel retail industry. Responding to fashion trends and consumer needs- The challenge for many apparel retailers is anticipating the coming trends and deciding how they will or won't fit into the company's image. In some cases, a trend might not be right for a specific retailer, and Miracle on St Day by Gillian Clarke Essay, that's where it has to work to stay as trend-right as possible without losing focus. Companies in this industry need to the environment learn what their customers want, and florida treaty, be able to give them what they want, and that is one giant step towards success. International Expansion - Another critical element for long-term success in this industry is global expansion. Companies have to be deliberate in international expansion and expand into countries where the greatest potential exists.

In doing this, not only do they make a profit, but they make a name for themselves. Now the how humans impact, international part of the business is becoming more important to business as a whole. International expansion is certainly going to be the Character Anyalsis of Doodle's Brother in The by James, focus of how humans impact the environment growth for What´s Essay, companies in the apparel retail industry. Increased Automation and Efficiency - In response to increased competition from new market participants, retailers are exercising a variety of strategies, including downsizing and restructuring, changing their merchandise mix, adding services, and adapting the quick response system for controlling inventory management costs. Leveraging Apparel Brands - Many manufacturers and retail stores are beginning to leverage their products by licensing their brands for accessories such as sunglasses, watches, fragrances, wallets, and footwear. Impact The Environment? This strategy increases exposure for a well- known brand and Computer Essay, can build consumer confidence in a specific brand. Internet - The Internet is another tremendous advantage in how humans, this Industry. Miracle On St David’s Day By Gillian Clarke? With the Internet, you can get updated and almost instantaneous information on things. Because many retailers have some of the best e-commerce Web sites in the business, that alone can help ensure global business. Internet sales can guide retailers into just the right international and domestic cities to build stores. It even allows a company to make its brand known internationally even before it has any physical presence in the environment, international markets.

The Internet also provides for a great channel of feedback from consumers. That way, a company can better understand what will work and make changes immediately when a problem arises. Awareness of demographic shift - As the nation's largest age group, baby boomers are getting older, and the as the population growth rate remains at a record low, less than 1% this year, the industry is shifting its strategy to redirect their production and Inequity? Essay, advertising toward this group. According to statistics, this is the group with the how humans, highest buying power. Thus, retailers and producers are grasping to this opportunity and are spending tremendous effort in trying to Gender Inequity? please them. The retail apparel industry has benefited extremely as a protected industry of the United States since 1957. Protection means that the government limits foreign import of apparel through quotas and the environment, high tariffs. It is estimated in 1990 that protection of this industry, has cost the American consumers 21 billions dollars. In another word, consumers have to pay six times higher than what they would have to on St Day by Gillian Essay pay to protect this industry.

Without this protection, the industry would have to face extreme foreign competition as raw materials and labor cost are much lower in the third world countries such as China, and Indonesia. Domestic production of the industry would go down by 11 billions dollars without such protection. 1900--1910: THE BEGINNINGS OF THE MASS MARKET. 1900 The escalator enables stores to continuously move traffic to upper floors, and helps make multi-level department stores a standard for the century. 1911--1920: USING MACHINES TO GAIN EFFICIENCY.

1911 NCR produces its 1 millionth cash register. How Humans Impact The Environment? The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. the Inequity?, forerunner of IBM, is how humans, incorporated. 1921--1930: THE RISE OF THE CHAIN STORE. 1924 Air conditioning for comfort rather than to enhance manufacturing is first introduced at the J.L. Hudson department store in Detroit to keep women from fainting at bargain basement sales. Air conditioning later allows windowless stores and enclosed malls. 1928 Farrington Manufacturing introduces the Charga-Plate system, made by Addressograph, the forerunner of the charge card. The embossed metal tag is on St Day by Gillian Clarke, used to print the customer's name and address on a sales check.

1931--1940: VALUE AND PROGRESS THROUGH THE DEPRESSION. 1935 Rural Electrification Act brings electricity, and later telephones, to rural America. Impact The Environment? IBM is Miracle David’s Gillian Clarke, selling more than three billion Hollerith cards a year for its tabulating machines, which are rented, never sold. It has 90% of this market. How Humans Impact The Environment? 1941--1960: THE AGE OF COMPUTING AND DATA PROCESSING BEGINS. 1956 Southdale near Minneapolis becomes the first enclosed, two level shopping mall in America. IBM sells RAMAC, (Random Access Method of Accounting and Control), the first computer disk storage system. Eisenhower launches the interstate highway systems, speeding migration to the suburbs and displacing rail for many goods shipments. 1961--1970: NEW FORMATS AND NEW TECHNIQUES. 1962 Discounters appear: Kmart from Addiction Essay, Kresge, Woolco from Woolworth, Target from Dayton's, and Wal-Mart Discount City from Sam Walton's Ben Franklin variety store.

Sears opens its first data center. IBM introduces Wholesale IMPACT (Inventory Program and how humans impact the environment, Control Techniques), an automated replenishment system (and the forerunner of INFOREM) that uses statistics and a smoothing algorithm rather than a min/max system. Industrial? 1990 - PRESENT: MAJOR INVENTIONS AND LABOR ISSUES. 1993 Invention of the Internet. The retail industry went online!

1996 - More than 300 fashion industry representatives -- including retailers, manufacturers, designers, workers, labor, consumer advocates, and celebrity endorsers -- participate in a Forum to discuss the how humans, challenges embodied in eradicating sweatshops and the importance of Computer Addiction Essay working together to identify and implement solutions. 1997 Creation of the Workplace Code of impact the environment Conduct, and Principles of Monitoring by the Apparel Industry Partnership to ensure the elimination of sweatshops and Character Anyalsis of Doodle's Brother Hurst, certify that products are produced in compliance with the Fair Labor Association Standards. 1998 Invention of the security tags to attach on garment, a major prevention of theft. 1998 Walmart Sweatshops in Honduras - Labor Issues. 1998 Liz Claiborne sweatshop production in El Salvador makes the news. How Humans Impact The Environment? 1999 The Department of Labor announces the recovery of $247,000 in back wages for 138 workers of a Los Angeles area garment shop, Emeraldtex, Inc. The DOL investigation, which covered a 2-year period, was conducted by the rapid response unit established in the Fall of florida treaty 1998. Impact? The shop assembles garments exclusively for Jowett Garment Factory, Inc. which provides clothes for of Doodle's, a variety of how humans the environment retailers including Eddie Bauer, The North Face, Reebok, Jones New York and human, The Gap. Emeraldtex, Inc, also fined $20,000 for willful violations, signed a consent judgment stipulating future compliance.

Faster Fast Food. Morning Edition, July 10, 2000. The Environment? May I Take Your Order? IBM Drives New Technology for Anyalsis Brother in The Scarlet Hurst, the Drive Through Window. Business Wire. November 6, 2000. www.office.com. FYI: Glimpse Into the Future. Star Tribune. May 15, 2000.

Charging Fast Food. Impact? June 10, 1999. On St David’s Day By Essay? www.cardweb.com/cardtrak/news/1999/june. A Push to Agree on a Drive-Through Future. By Amy Zuckerman. February 20, 2000. www.ettm.com/news/future_agree.html. An Efficiency Drive: Fast Food Lanes are Getting Even Faster.

Wall Street Journal, May 18, 2000. Irvine, Cali-Based Taco Bell Ranks Fifth in Drive-Through Ratings. Orange County Register, January 19, 1999. Merchant News: McDonald's Tests Mobil's Speedpass To Speed Up Customer Waiting Times. ATM and Debit News, October 26, 2000. Word Count: 2418. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.

Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and the environment, there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. Florida Treaty? You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime. How Humans Impact The Environment? The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private.

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Where Can I Find MBA Dissertation Topics. I have been asked on my occasions by students on where to how humans impact, find quality MBA dissertation topics. Well, I responded by saying that you can find them in a university library or on Character Brother Scarlet Ibis by James, the internet on credible websites. Impact The Environment! Before we go any further on explaining how to find relevant MBA dissertation topics it is Miracle Essay, vital that we establish what an MBA dissertation is. Firstly, An integral part of impact the environment, any MBA degree is the successful completion of a research dissertation. In near enough every case, you must complete an MBA dissertation before graduating you cannot elect to Gender Essay, sidestep the dissertation requirements of an MBA degree. As you are already aware, an the environment, MBA degree is a study into the theory and application of business management principles, often applied to a variety of real world business situations.

It would be prudent to base your MBA dissertation topic on the most common components or subject areas of an planning, MBA degree; Accounting Operations Management Business Management Finance Marketing Information Technology Management Strategic Risk Management Entrepreneurship Human Resource Management E-Commerce Economics. We will attempt to how humans impact, highlight areas of interest and What´s Inequity? Essay, typical dissertation titles that MBA students across the globe undertake. One of the most satisfying aspects of writing your own MBA dissertation topic is that you chose your own dissertation title and you have the opportunity to how humans impact, contribute to the field of study you have chosen. Character Anyalsis In The Scarlet Hurst! Below are some MBA dissertation topics that have been written in their respective field that may help to guide you. Accounting MBA Dissertation Topics.

An MBA Accounting Thesis is not restricted to one major category or subject area. You have the ability to think outside the how humans, box and generalize about wider subject matter which fall into the accounting field. You could begin to look at new global accounting principles, account practices across boarders, how information technology affects traditional accounting techniques, or base your research on the performance of a specific company while considering a whole host of external factors, the list goes on. Below is a list of florida treaty, accounting based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Operations Management MBA Dissertation Topics. An MBA Operations Management Thesis will not be limited to one common operations management technique.

You would have gained enough operations management knowledge during your MBA degree to adequately compose a dissertation in this field. Impact The Environment! It is tempting to add more knowledge to an existing topic but you should relish the opportunity to contribute something new to the operations management field of study. You could begin to look at Character Brother in The Scarlet Ibis by James Hurst, global supply chain management, inventory control, performance management, TQM, statistical process control and quality management within prestigious organisations. The following is a list of operations management themed MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Business Management Dissertation Topics. When undertaking an MBA Business Management Thesis you will discover that the subject is not limited to one particular organisation or management technique. Business management is probably the broadest business subject area out there. How Humans Impact The Environment! Management techniques go back centuries and there has been a lot of academic contribution within this field, but with changes in culture and global management techniques you should have a wealth of information at human, your disposal in how humans impact the environment, order to adequately compose a dissertation in Computer, this subject field. It is tempting to the environment, write about Miracle Day by Clarke, existing management techniques and how they are applied to organisations but you should embrace the how humans, opportunity to contribute something new to the business management field of study. You could begin to look at global management techniques (challenges and opportunities), business performance and Character Anyalsis Brother in The Scarlet, evolving management techniques within prestigious organisations or profitability challenges faced by how humans the environment, organisations, the What´s Gender Inequity? Essay, list goes on.

The following is a list of management theory based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Writing an MBA Finance Dissertation is an exciting prospect to say the how humans impact the environment, least, there is so much happening within the field of finance and you will have the Essay, opportunity to write a remarkable dissertation in this field. Finance is how humans the environment, probably one of the most talked about subjects out there at the moment. Finance is becoming a global phenomenon and changes on a daily basis with the influence of stock exchanges and Miracle David’s Day by Gillian Essay, governments. It is safe to say that you will have a plethora of information at how humans impact, your disposal when compiling your dissertation in this subject field. For an insight you could begin to Addiction Essay, look at global finance techniques, financial performance of how humans the environment, global organisations, global money markets, and financial comparisons of countries, the list goes on and on. Essay! The following is a list of finance related MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Marketing MBA Dissertation Topics. Similar to business management, the field of marketing is a very common research preference for MBA Students. Writing an MBA Marketing Thesis will be an exciting opportunity to write a cutting edge dissertation. The field of marketing is how humans impact the environment, often seen to Brother in The Scarlet Ibis, cross over into other fields of how humans impact, study but you can remain on What´s Gender Inequity? Essay, topic and base your dissertation purely on marketing theories and techniques.

The marketing discipline is wide and varied and you can start to look at how humans the environment, relationship marketing, advertising, branding, cross-culture marketing, direct marketing, consumer behavior, online marketing and marketing ethics. The following is a list of marketing based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by florida treaty, successful MBA graduates in 2014 / 2015; Technology Management MBA Dissertation Topics. Constructing an impact, MBA Technology Management thesis on technology management can be a demanding task due to the fact that information technology changes at such a rapid rate. Dont be put off by this as writing a technology management MBA dissertation is fulfilling and Miracle on St David’s Day by Clarke Essay, grabs attention as business graduates with information technology skills and knowledge are a rare commodity.

Be sure to write your dissertation on up to the environment, date technologies and Gender Inequity? Essay, organisations, it is not advisable to how humans the environment, investigate outdated research or defunct organisations in this field. Why write an MBA technology management dissertation on outdated technologies? You should look into cutting edge research fields such as nanotechnology, IT outsourcing, global IT Infrastructure, ERP systems, VoIP technology, e-learning and key IT mergers and acquisitions. Try to relate you research to the business management field and Essay, try to avoid writing a scientific dissertation that would detract from you MBA degree. The following is a list of information technology based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Strategic Risk Management MBA Dissertation Topics. Basing you MBA Thesis on strategic risk management suggests that you are writing a piece of research that would help organisations to reduce exposure to risk or adverse trading conditions. It is safe to say that strategic risk management will be rigorously covered in the MBA degree and how humans, you will have built up a significant amount of knowledge relating to this field, you should be able to apply the knowledge and techniques gained into Miracle Clarke an MBA dissertation. You could look at the volatility of global stock exchanges, social risk in impact the environment, global organisations, risk management in derivative markets, risk management within the supply chain and risk factors affecting shareholder value.

This list goes on. The following is a list of Strategic Risk MBA Dissertation Topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Entrepreneurship Dissertation Topics. Developing an MBA thesis on entrepreneurship is Industrial Revolution, a very interesting proposition for how humans impact, any MBA student. Entrepreneurship has a lot of exposure on most MBA taught degrees and many successful entrepreneurs hold an MBA, it is Computer Essay, common knowledge that an MBA and entrepreneurs sit side by side in the business world. How Humans Impact! For inspiration you could look at competitiveness of nations, investigate business enterprise, outsourcing, or ask whether entrepreneurs born or made? There are many interesting topics surrounding enterprise and entrepreneurship. The following is a list of Entrepreneurship based MBA Dissertation Topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; Human Resource Management Dissertation Topics.

Writing an MBA HRM Thesis is not restricted to strategic human resource planning, one organisation or technique, HRM has become a global phenomenon due to cross boarder training practices, worker migration and how humans the environment, organisations trading on a global scale. If you need a starting point for your HRM dissertation you can look at global recruitment trends, staff motivation within organisations, analyse staff retention techniques and staff training and engagement. There is so much to explore within the field of HRM. The following is a list of HRM based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by florida treaty, successful MBA graduates; Similar to technology management, writing an how humans the environment, MBA E-Commerce Thesis can be a tricky proposition due to the fact that electronic commerce changes on a daily basis.

This includes stocks, shares and any organisation that trade online. Be sure to florida treaty, write your dissertation on how humans impact the environment, up to date methods and organisations, it is not advisable to investigate outdated research or defunct organisations as e-commerce has come a long way in a short period of time. In The Scarlet Ibis By James! Writing an e-commerce MBA dissertation on eBay or Amazon is old hat and uninspiring to a large extent. The Environment! If you need inspiration for your e-commerce dissertation you can look at security risks and Gender, threats to organisations, the emergence and impact of online shopping, e-commerce strategies and business process re-engineering. How Humans! The following is a list of e-commerce themed MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; When writing your MBA Economics Thesis you will discover that the subject is not confined to a particular economics theory or technique. We are all exposed to economic conditions these range from domestic to global factors all of which make a firm foundation to base you economics dissertation on.

Business economics is such an encompassing subject and there are many areas to investigate, you could start to look at global economic trends, hyperinflation, macroeconomics, economic policy, influence of the IMF and economic development. Human Resource Planning! Below is a list of economics based MBA dissertation topics that have been written by successful MBA graduates; MBA Dissertation Topics. How MBA Dissertation Examples Can Help You. As you can see, there are a lot of possible MBA dissertation topics for you to choose from, and we have pointed you in the direction of quality pre-written MBA dissertation topics. The material is to how humans, be used to structure your own MBA dissertation we do not encourage you to copy or plagiarize any reference material you encounter during your studies. Hopefully, we have given you a positive insight on how to begin and research your own MBA dissertation topic.

Good luck and Character Brother Scarlet by James Hurst, all the best! Click Here To View MBA Dissertation Topics. My name is how humans, Steve Jones and Im the creator and administrator of the dissertation topics blog. What´s Gender! Im a senior writer at impact the environment, study-aids.co.uk and hold a BA (hons) Business degree and MBA, I live in Birmingham (just moved here from Revolution, London), Im a keen writer, always glued to a book and have an how humans impact the environment, interest in economics theory. View all posts by Steve Jones. 44 thoughts on “MBA Dissertation Topics” Thanks for finally talking about MBA Dissertation Topics and Liked it, As an MBA student I found this post really interesting and Gender Essay, valuable as I am about to start writing my own MBA dissertation Q1 2015. Do you have any dissertations relating to Operations Management at a North American SME? Thanks Ivan.

Thanks for the response Ivan, I suggest you search all the MBA dissertation topics in the link provided at how humans, the bottom of the post. What´s Essay! Im sure you will find a dissertation topic relating to your MBA studies. Let me know. Ive been having so much trouble getting started on my e-commerce dissertation. How Humans The Environment! As you mentioned, my stumbling block is the fast changing nature of the field. But its growing so fast that I know its a good area to get into. Resource Planning! Im taking a look at your topics now, hopefully it can get me started! No problem, let me know if you need anything in particular if youre unable to find the dissertation topic on the website.

I have my MBA dissertation coming up and have been struggling with finding a topic idea that I feel comfortable with. I was so relieved come across your website you have some really good, practical suggestions here. I enjoy writing, so have no problem with that part. My big fear is how humans the environment, correctly citing my sources after Ive written the dissertation. Do you have any suggestions or good sites I could go to help with that?

Hi, referencing should not become a problem if you follow your universitys guidelines.mthis blog contains posts on Computer Addiction, referencing and impact, citing the work of others appropriately. Also, our main website should provide you with the information youre looking for. Good luck. This is an Anyalsis Brother in The Hurst, excellent MBA sample dissertation. Im in accounting, and have to say that whoever wrote this really knows their stuff. I appreciate the fact that you post examples so those of us who are flailing around trying to how humans impact the environment, decide how to go about on St Day by Essay, this can benefit. Im grateful to the friend who directed me here. Thanks for providing a great service. Steve- I left Ireland in September 2008 for the UK and my Masters dissertation in how humans impact the environment, Manchester was on the Global Financial Crisis a history showing the role of US, Japan, The Asian Tigers and Addiction, leading to the demise of major economics post 2008, Ive created a timeline of events (up to impact the environment, mid-2013) at present but have information up to date. This will give a chronological history of UK, EU, US events 2008 to date.

It will be published early 2015. Brother In The Scarlet! It is the US people have had to pay dearly for the environment, the toxic assets bought by Nama. Banks in Ireland are not lending, nor are they in the UK. I did here a figure mentioned that a third of the UK commercial lending was done by Irish banks. How can Nama be increasing lending when a lot of toxic assets have simply been parked by banks to be released shortly at knock-down prices onto the market? Thanks so much for all this work!

Im blown away by the level of detail youve gone into. On some other sites Ive looked at the content really only skims the Gillian Clarke, surface and the environment, doesnt take the reader in depth with a chance to really develop ideas and give a helping hand regarding this type of content. I know I have a million questions for you but Im off to read other pages here and Anyalsis of Doodle's Scarlet Ibis Hurst, collect my thoughts before I bombard you. No problem at all, be mindful that we have uploaded more MBA dissertation topics since you posted your reply. How Humans Impact! Hopefully, there are more titles that will interest you further. Hi i have trouble in finding topic of my mba thesis.

Im looking on regional economic management area. can you help me. Im very intrigued with the Essay, material on offer Can you custom write an MBA dissertation or do you only supply pre-written / submitted MBA dissertations? Hi do u have any topics related to health care financing or health economics. Im kinda lost. Hi do u have any topics about how humans impact the environment, promotional strategy and tool for any company. Yes, I do. I suggest you check out the David’s Gillian, business dissertation pages, Im sure you will find what youre looking for.

Cheers, Steve. Hello Steve got an the environment, interesting topic and Inequity? Essay, I am in China really wonna reed it I am doing my MBA The Impact of impact, TQM on the Service Industry. Help! How can I get that. Thank you for starting up with such an initiative. I would like to know whether I can get any good Dissertation topics in Miracle on St Day by Clarke, Operations management (Supply Chain Management) prior to the Middle East (UAE). Hi, please take a look at the business management dissertation pages. Im sure youll find something. Ive just taken a look at some of the MBA dissertation topics you have.

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Human Impact on the Natural Environment

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Human Impacts on the Environment: Crash Course Ecology #10

0604-17 New York Times Crossword Answers 4 Jun 17, Sunday. Solution to how humans the environment, today#8217;s crossword in Computer the New York Times. CROSSWORD CONSTRUCTOR: Tom McCoy. THEME: Advice to how humans impact, Writers. Todays themed answers are nuggets of ADVICE TO WRITERS. However, those answers ignore that very same advice: 23A. Writing tip #1 : NEVER GENERALIZE!

33A. Writing tip #2 : POOFREAD CARFULY! 49A. Writing tip #3 : NO SENTENCE FRAGMENTS! 68A. Writing tip #4 : PASSIVES MUST BE SHUNNED! 85A. Writing tip #5 : DON#8217;T USE CONTRACTIONS! 104A. Writing tip #6 : AVOID REDUNDANCY. 116A.

Writing tip #7 : AVOID REDUNDANCY! ANSWERS I MISSED: 0. Today#8217;s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies. Omega is the last letter of the Computer Addiction Greek alphabet and is the one that looks like a horseshoe when in uppercase. The lowercase omega looks like a Latin W. The word #8220;omega#8221; literally means #8220;great O#8221; (O-mega). Compare this with the Greek letter Omicron, meaning #8220;little O#8221; (O-micron). 20.

Relating to an eye layer : RETINAL. The retina is the tissue that lines the inside of the eye, and is the tissue that is light-sensitive. There are (mainly) two types of cell in the retina that are sensitive to light, one called rods and the other cones. Rods are cells that best function in very dim light and only provide black-and-white vision. Cones on how humans, the other hand function in brighter light and can perceive color.

22. Florida Treaty. What fan fiction is not : CANON. Fan fiction (also fanfic) is how humans impact the environment, fiction created by fans of an original work that uses characters from that original work. Character Of Doodle's In The Ibis. Chow mein has two slightly different meanings on the East and West Coasts of the how humans impact US. On the florida treaty East Coast, #8220;basic#8221; chow mein is a crispy dish, whereas on impact, the West Coast it is a steamed dish that is relatively soft. On the Day by Clarke Essay East Coast the steamed dish is available, but under the name #8220;lo mein#8221;. On the West Coast, the crispy dish is also on the menu, as Hong Kong style chow mein. 42. Balneotherapy site : SPA. Balneotherapy is similar to hydrotherapy and is the how humans treatment of Character Anyalsis of Doodle's Brother Scarlet Hurst a disease by sitting a patient in baths. Impact The Environment. Mineral baths and water massages would be considered part of balneotherapy.

54. Relating to a major vessel : AORTAL. The aorta originates in the heart and Anyalsis of Doodle's in The Scarlet Hurst extends down into the abdomen. It is the impact the environment largest artery in the body. 55. Hexagonal state : UTAH. When viewed on a map of the US, the state of Utah has six sides. Its almost shaped like a rectangle, but there is Anyalsis of Doodle's Brother Scarlet Ibis by James, a bite out of that rectangle in how humans the environment the northeast corner of the state.

59. Restaurant chain with a flag in its logo : SBARRO. The Sbarro chain of pizza restaurants was founded by Italian immigrants, Gennaro and Carmela Sbarro. 62. Band aids : AMPS.

An electric guitar, for Computer, example, needs an amplifier (amp) to take the weak signal created by the vibration of the how humans impact strings and turn it into a signal powerful enough for a loudspeaker. 75. That, in Tijuana : ESO. Tijuana is the largest city in Character in The Scarlet Ibis Hurst the Mexican state of Baja California, and lies just across the US-Mexico border from San Diego. Tijuana is how humans, also the most westerly of Miracle on St David’s Day by Essay all Mexican cities. A lot of Tijuanas growth took place in the twenties as tourists flocked south of the border during the days of prohibition in the US. One of the many casinos and hotels that flourished at that time was Hotel Caesars in how humans impact the Avenida Revolucion area. Hotel Caesars claims to be the birthplace of the now ubiquitous Caesar Salad. An SAE is David’s Day by Gillian, a stamped, addressed envelope. The Environment. An SASE is a self-addressed, stamped envelope.

77. Cell parts : ANODES. A battery is a device that converts chemical energy into electric energy. A simple battery is made up of three parts: a cathode, an strategic planning, anode and a liquid electrolyte. Ions from the electrolyte react chemically with the material in the environment the anode producing a compound and releasing electrons.

At the Miracle David’s Gillian Essay same time, the electrolyte reacts with the material in the cathode, absorbing electrons and producing a different chemical compound. How Humans Impact The Environment. In this way, there is a buildup of electrons at the anode and a deficit of Character of Doodle's in The by James Hurst electrons at impact, the cathode. When a connection (wire, say) is made between the cathode and anode, electrons flow through the resulting circuit from the Computer Addiction anode to cathode in an attempt to impact the environment, rectify the electron imbalance. 80. What´s Inequity? Essay. German auto co. : AUDI. The predecessor to todays Audi company was called Auto Union.

Auto Union was formed with the merger of four individual entities: Audi, Horch, DKW and Wanderer. The Audi logo comprises four intersecting rings, each representing one of the four companies that merged. 93. Bill Clinton or Barack Obama : LEO. Leo is the fifth astrological sign of the Zodiac. People born from July 23 to August 22 are Leos. 94. ___ group (structure found in proteins) : AMINO. Amino acids are essential to life in many ways, not least of which is their use as the building blocks of proteins. 95. Old English letter : ETH.

Eth (also edh) is a letter that was used in Old English and impact several other languages, such as Icelandic and Inequity? Faroese (native language on the Faroe Islands). Other languages that used eth replaced it with the letter D over time. 103. Cylinder-shaped pasta : PENNE. Cylindrical pasta is known in general as penne, and the environment there are many variants. For example, ziti is a particularly large and long tube with square-cut ends. Penne is the plural of penna, the Italian for feather, quill. What´s Inequity?. 110. How Humans. Large Hadron Collider org. : CERN. CERN is an acronym standing for Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire (European Council for Nuclear Research. CERNs mission is to provide the largest particle physics lab in the world, and it does just that, having built several enormous particle accelerators.

The CERN particle accelerator most in the news these days is the What´s Gender Essay Large Hadron Collider located near Geneva. The Environment. The Large Hadron Collider is the worlds largest particle accelerator. Character Of Doodle's Scarlet Ibis. It is located on the French-Swiss border near Geneva, in a circular tunnel that is impact the environment, a whopping 17 miles in circumference. 111. Hoity-toity sort : SNOB.

Believe it or not, the term #8220;hoity-toity#8221; has been in Inequity? the English language since the how humans impact 1660s, but back then it meant #8220;riotous behavior#8221;. It began to strategic human planning, mean #8220;haughty#8221; in how humans the environment the late 1800s, simply because the strategic human resource haughty sounds similar to how humans the environment, hoity. 114. Computer. 1983 Michael Keaton title role : MR MOM. Mr. How Humans Impact The Environment. Mom is a 1983 comedy written by Character of Doodle's Brother in The Scarlet Hurst, John Hughes, starring Michael Keaton and the great Teri Garr. The movie is all about an engineer in impact the auto industry in Detroit who loses his job and then takes over the running of the household while his wife heads back to David’s Clarke Essay, work. Its funny stuff 125. Energetic pooch : TERRIER. Most terrier breeds of dog originated in how humans the environment the British Isles. Terriers were developed as working dogs, with the job of controlling populations of rats, rabbits and foxes by rooting them out above and below the ground.

The name terrier comes via Middle French from the the Latin terra meaning earth, a reflection of the breeds habit of burrowing into the earth looking for its prey. 3. 2005, to Cato : MMV. Cato the Elder was a Roman statesman, known historically as the elder in order to Computer Addiction Essay, distinguish him from impact his great-grandson, Cato the Younger. Cato the Elders ultimate position within Roman society was that of Censor, making him responsible for maintaining the census, and for supervising public morality. 7. It #8220;knits up the on St David’s Clarke Essay ravell#8217;d sleave of care,#8221; per Macbeth : SLEEP. There is a superstition in impact the theatrical world that uttering the name Macbeth in a theater will bring disaster of some sort. To avoid this, the euphemism the Scottish Play is used instead. 8. Doctrines : CREDOS. Miracle On St Day By Gillian. A creed or credo is a confession of faith, or a system of belief or principles. How Humans Impact. Credo is What´s Gender Inequity?, Latin for I believe. 12. Jungian inner self : ANIMA.

The concepts of anima and animus are found in the Carl Jung school of analytical psychology. The idea is that within each male there resides a feminine inner personality called the anima, and within each female there is a male inner personality known as the animus. 14. How Humans. Andean tuber : OCA. The plant called an oca is Day by Gillian Clarke Essay, also known as the New Zealand Yam. The tubers of the oca are used as a root vegetable. 17. It uses the PageRank algorithm : GOOGLE. Impact. PageRank is a famous algorithm in Internet search circles. Google uses PageRank to determine in which order websites are ranked in the results page after a search is done by a user. The algorithm is named after Google co-founder Larry Page.

21. Classic camera brand : LEICA. Leica is a German optics company, famous for production of lenses and cameras. The 1913 Leica was the first practical camera that could use 35mm film, a size chosen because it was already the standard for film used in motion pictures. 28. Vice President John ___ Garner : NANCE. John Nance Garner was Speaker of the House when he ran against New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt for the Democratic nomination for the presidential race in 1932. When it was clear that Roosevelt was to win the Character of Doodle's Brother in The Ibis by James nomination, Garner cut a deal with FDR and joined the how humans the environment ticket as candidate for Vice President. When the two Democrats won, they were sworn into office on March 4, 1933. As he was still Speaker of the House at the time, Garner is the only person to have held the office of both Speaker and on St David’s Day by Essay Vice President on how humans the environment, the same day.

31. Bounce along, in a way : POGO. What we know today as a pogo stick was invented in Germany by Addiction Essay, Max Pohlig and Ernst Gottschall. The name pogo comes from the first two letters in each of the inventors family names: Po-hlig and Go-ttschall. 35. Where to find some very wet sponges : REEF. Sponges are multicellular organisms that live underwater. They are animals with bodies that are full of holes and the environment channels through which seawater freely circulates. Sponges have no digestive or circulatory system as such and instead rely on the movement of water to supply food and oxygen, and to remove waste material.

37. Gosling of #8220;La La Land#8221; : RYAN. Ryan Gosling is a Canadian actor who really seems to be riding high right now. He is one of a string of entertainers to Miracle on St David’s Day by Clarke Essay, graduate from the Mickey Mouse Club on the Disney Channel. I saw him not too long ago in the fun romantic comedy Crazy, Stupid, Love starring alongside Steve Carell. La La Land is a 2016 romantic musical film starring Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone as a musician and actress who fall in love in La La Land (Los Angeles, i.e. LA). The film was written and directed by Damien Chazelle, who had found success two years earlier with the musical drama Whiplash. La La Land won a record-breaking seven Golden Globes and tied for the record number of Oscar nominations at fourteen, winning six. 44.

Santa ___, Calif. : ANA. Santa Ana is the the environment county seat of Orange County, California and takes its name from the Santa Ana River that runs through the city. 46. Templeton from #8220;Charlotte#8217;s Web,#8221; e.g. : RAT. Charlottes Web is a childrens novel by author E. B. White. Charlotte is a barn spider, who manages to save the strategic life of a pig named Wilbur. Wilbur is a pet pig, owned by how humans the environment, the farmers daughter, Fern Arable. The story also includes a gluttonous rat named Templeton who provides some light and comical moments. 52. Conductance quantities : MHOS. Conductance (measured in mhos) is the inverse of resistance (measured in ohms).

The mho has been replaced by the SI unit called the siemens. 58. ___ Day (June event, informally) : DADS. Fathers Day was added as an official holiday in 1972, although bills to create the holiday had been with Congress since 1913. By rights, the holiday should be called Fathers Day (note the punctuation), but the bill that was introduced in 1913 used the Fathers Day spelling, and thats the one that has stuck. 61. Syria#8217;s Bashar al-___ : ASSAD. Dr.

Bashar al-Assad is the current President of the florida treaty Syrian Arab Republic and how humans the son of the former President Hafez al-Assad whom he replaced in 2001. President Assad is a medical doctor, speaks fluent English and What´s Gender Inequity? conversational French. Assad was studying ophthalmology in London when he met his wife, who is an Englishwoman. 64. Fee-free spot, briefly : PSA.

Public service announcement (PSA) Esau was the twin brother of Jacob, the founder of the impact Israelites. When their mother Rebekah gave birth to florida treaty, the twins #8220;the first emerged red and hairy all over (Esau), with his heel grasped by the hand of the second to come out (Jacob)#8221;. As Esau was the first born, he was entitled to inherit his father#8217;s wealth (it was his #8220;birthright#8221;). Instead, Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for the price of a #8220;mess of pottage#8221; (a meal of lentils). 70. Composer of many patriotic tunes : SOUSA. John Philip Sousa was a composer and conductor from Washington, D.C. Sousa was well known for his patriotic marches and earned himself the how humans impact nickname The American March King.

He served as a member of the US Marine Band from 1868 to 1875, and after leaving the Marines learned to conduct and compose. One of the Sousa compositions that is well-known around the world is called The Liberty Bell, a tune used as the Addiction Essay musical theme for BBC Televisions Monty Pythons Flying Circus. Sousa also wrote Semper Fidelis, which is the official march of the the environment US Marine Corps. 79. Florida Treaty. Stroke of luck? : HOLE IN ONE.

One well-documented hole-in-one (ace) was during a round of the British Open in 1973. American golfer Gene Sarazen achieved the feat that day, at the age of 71. How Humans Impact The Environment. A less well-documented series of holes-in-one was reported by the North Korean press in a story about the Korean leader Kim Jong-il. The report was that Kim Jong-il scored 11 holes-in-one in his one and only round of golf. 89. Romance writer Roberts : NORA. Nora Roberts is a very successful author who has written over 165 romance novels. Roberts is published under a number of pen names: J.D. Robb, Jill March and Sarah Hardesty. 91.

When repeated, an old sitcom catchphrase : NANU. The sitcom Mork Mindy was broadcast from Gender 1978 to 1982. We were first introduced to Mork (played by Robin Williams) in a special episode of #8220;Happy Days#8221;. The particular episode in question has a bizarre storyline culminating in Fonzie and Mork having a thumb-to-finger duel. Eventually Richie wakes up in bed, and alien Mork was just part of a dream! Oh, and #8220;Nanu Nanu#8221; means both #8220;hello#8221; and #8220;goodbye#8221; back on the planet Ork. #8220;I am Mork from Ork, Nanu Nanu#8221;. Great stuff 92. Leave in : STET. How Humans Impact. Stet is What´s Gender Essay, a Latin word meaning let it stand.

In editorial work, the typesetter is instructed to disregard any change previously marked by writing the word stet and then underscoring that change with a line of dots or dashes. 97. Character that goes #8220;waka, waka, waka #8230;#8221; : PAC-MAN. The Pac-Man arcade game was first released in Japan in how humans the environment 1980, and is as popular today as it ever was. The game features characters that are maneuvered around the screen to eat up dots and earn points. The name comes from the Japanese folk hero #8220;Paku#8221;, known for his voracious appetite. Industrial Revolution Essay. The spin-off game called Ms. Pac-Man was released in 1981. 106. W.W. II danger : U-BOAT. U-boat stands for the German Unterseeboot (undersea boat).

Notably, a U-boat sank the RMS Lusitania in 1915, an event that helped propel the US into the environment WWI. 107. Cape ___ : COD. Cape Cod is indeed named after the fish. It was first called Cape Cod by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602 as his men caught so many fish there. 113. Resource. Patella site : KNEE. The patella is the the environment kneecap. Patella is the Latin term for the bone, and is a diminutive form of patina, the word for pan. Industrial Revolution Essay. The idea is that the kneecap is impact the environment, pan-shaped. 117.

Mike#8217;s confectionery partner : IKE. Character In The Scarlet Ibis. Mike and Ike is a brandname of fruit-flavored candy made by Just Born starting in how humans impact the environment 1940. Just Born launched quite a clever marketing campaign in 2012 asserting that Mike and florida treaty Ike had split up due to how humans impact, creative differences. The campaign involved production of two different boxes for the candy showing one or the other name scratched out. Clever #8230; 118. Dungeons Dragons piece : DIE. Florida Treaty. Dungeons Dragons is a complex role-playing game (RPG) introduced in how humans 1974 by Tactical Studies Rules Incorporated (TSR).

Dungeons Dragons was probably the Gender Inequity? Essay first of the modern role-playing games to how humans, be developed, and the most successful. It is still played by human, lots of people today, including my youngest son 119. How Humans Impact The Environment. Like William Carlos Williams#8217;s wheelbarrow : RED. The Red Wheelbarrow is a 1923 poem by American poet William Carlos Williams. Here is the poem, in Addiction its entirety: so much depends. glazed with rain. beside the white. 120. Actress Peeples : NIA. How Humans Impact. Actress Nia Peeples played the character Nicole Chapman in the TV series Fame. Peeples is also a successful singer, releasing the 1988 song Trouble that made it to #35 in the Billboard charts. 121.

Ron of the Dodgers : CEY. Ron Cey played third base for the Dodgers, the Cubs and the As. For the sake of completion, here is a full listing of all the answers: 1. Drawing tool : COMPASS. 8. One not acting alone : COSTAR. 14. Literally, #8220;great O#8221; : OMEGA. 19. Ackbar#8217;s rank, in #8220;Star Wars#8221; films : ADMIRAL. 20.

Relating to strategic resource, an eye layer : RETINAL. 22. What fan fiction is not : CANON. 23. Writing tip #1 : NEVER GENERALIZE! 25. Accessory : ADD-ON. 26. Plant anew : RESEED. 27. Lo ___ : MEIN. 30. Contractor#8217;s guidelines : SPECS. 33. Writing tip #2 : POOFREAD CARFULY! 38. Yearn for : COVET. Impact. 39. Unlike the wind : SEEN. 40.

Lead-in to guess or game : ANYONES #8230; 41. Got up there : AGED. 42. Balneotherapy site : SPA. 45. Bi- and bi-? : TETRA- 48. Train part : CAR. 49. Writing tip #3 : NO SENTENCE FRAGMENTS! 54.

Relating to a major vessel : AORTAL. 55. Hexagonal state : UTAH. 56. On St David’s Day By. Invalidate : VOID. 59. Restaurant chain with a flag in its logo : SBARRO. 62. How Humans The Environment. Band aids : AMPS. 65.

Make suitable for indoors, as a plant : POT. 67. Home of Ithaca, Athens and Olympia : USA. 68. Gillian. Writing tip #4 : PASSIVES MUST BE SHUNNED! 74. They go from town to town: Abbr. : RDS. 75. That, in Tijuana : ESO. 76.

Ed.#8217;s request : SASE. 77. How Humans Impact The Environment. Cell parts : ANODES. 80. German auto co. : AUDI. 82. Flew off the handle : LOST IT. 85. Writing tip #5 : DON#8217;T USE CONTRACTIONS! 93.

Bill Clinton or Barack Obama : LEO. 94. ___ group (structure found in proteins) : AMINO. 95. Old English letter : ETH. 96. Shoot the breeze : CHAT. 97. Turn on : POWER UP. 101. 4,840 square yards : ACRE.

103. Cylinder-shaped pasta : PENNE. 104. Writing tip #6 : AVOID REDUNDANCY. Industrial Essay. 109. The Environment. Regarding : ABOUT. 110. Large Hadron Collider org. : CERN. 111. Hoity-toity sort : SNOB. 112.

Became adept in : TOOK TO. 114. 1983 Michael Keaton title role : MR MOM. Gillian Clarke Essay. 116. Writing tip #7 : AVOID REDUNDANCY! 123. Operative : AGENT. 124. Less watertight : LEAKIER. 125.

Energetic pooch : TERRIER. 126. Graph parts : NODES. 127. Knights#8217; needs : STEEDS. 128. Primes : HEYDAYS. 1. Give the ax : CAN. 2. Poem of homage : ODE. How Humans Impact. 3. 2005, to Cato : MMV. 4. Ring bearers, maybe : PIERCED EARS.

5. Bring in Gender Inequity? Essay : ARREST. 7. How Humans Impact. It #8220;knits up the ravell#8217;d sleave of care,#8221; per Macbeth : SLEEP. 8. Doctrines : CREDOS. 9. Atop, poetically : OER. 10. RR stop : STA. 12.

Jungian inner self : ANIMA. 13. Knocked to the ground : RAZED. 14. Andean tuber : OCA. 15. Like the movies #8220;Brian#8217;s Song#8221; and #8220;Sharknado#8221; : MADE FOR TV. 16. Circumvention : END RUN. 17. It uses the strategic planning PageRank algorithm : GOOGLE.

18. Irritates : ANNOYS. 21. Classic camera brand : LEICA. 24. Prefix with liberal : NEO- 28. Vice President John ___ Garner : NANCE. 30. How Humans The Environment. Digitize, in a way : SCAN. 31. Bounce along, in What´s a way : POGO.

32. Anticipatory days : EVES. 35. Where to find some very wet sponges : REEF. How Humans Impact The Environment. 36. Gives in confidence : ENTRUSTS. 37. Gosling of #8220;La La Land#8221; : RYAN. 42. Tried : STROVE. 43. Favorite : PET. 44. Santa ___, Calif. : ANA. 46.

Templeton from #8220;Charlotte#8217;s Web,#8221; e.g. : RAT. 47. Visibly awed : AGAPE. 50. Human Planning. #8220;Me neither,#8221; formally : NOR I. 51. Refuse to talk, with #8220;up#8221; : CLAM. 52.

Conductance quantities : MHOS. 53. Like a good proof : SOUND. 58. How Humans. ___ Day (June event, informally) : DADS. 59. Not needing a cane, say : SPRY. 60. Commanded : BADE. 61. Syria#8217;s Bashar al-___ : ASSAD. 63.

Person of note? : MUSICIAN. 64. Fee-free spot, briefly : PSA. 66. Unruly hair, metaphorically : THATCH. 69. Jacob#8217;s twin : ESAU. 70. What´s Essay. Composer of many patriotic tunes : SOUSA. 71.

Conveyor part : BELT. 72. Course part : UNIT. 73. Something tacky to hang on the wall? : NOTICE BOARD. 79. Stroke of luck? : HOLE IN ONE. 81. Impact The Environment. Bill Clinton or Barack Obama, informally : DEM. 83.

It#8217;s mined, all mined! : ORE. 84. Stayed on the shelf : SAT. 86. Homework lover, maybe : NERD. 87. Miracle On St David’s Day By Gillian. Military stints : TOURS. 88. How Humans Impact. Like some audiobooks : ON CD. 89. Romance writer Roberts : NORA.

91. When repeated, an old sitcom catchphrase : NANU. 92. Leave in : STET. Addiction Essay. 97. Character that goes #8220;waka, waka, waka #8230;#8221; : PACMAN. 98. Impact The Environment. Exceed : OVERGO. 99. Wriggled : WORMED. 100.

Punitive : PENAL. Character Anyalsis Brother In The Ibis By James. 102. Goes in : ENTERS. 103. Gently towel : PAT DRY. 105. Peace signs : DOVES. 106. W.W. The Environment. II danger : U-BOAT. 107. Cape ___ : COD. 108. Early days : YOUTH. 113. Patella site : KNEE. 115. Much of W.Va. : MTS. 117. Mike#8217;s confectionery partner : IKE. 118. Dungeons Dragons piece : DIE. 119.

Like William Carlos Williams#8217;s wheelbarrow : RED. 120. Scarlet Ibis. Actress Peeples : NIA. 121. Ron of the Dodgers : CEY. 9 thoughts on the environment, “0604-17 New York Times Crossword Answers 4 Jun 17, Sunday” 25:51, no errors. O-micron and O-mega. All these years and I never noticed the obvious meanings. Duh #8230; I really got a kick out of this one. Clever theme.

The hardest part was trying to figure out where the Scarlet Hurst misspelling of proofread#8230; was. Doubling up on AVOID REDUDANCY also violated a crossword rule no repeats. A few false starts like nuclei for Cell parts at first. Overall a very enjoyable Sunday. AVIODREDUNDANCY in there twice might have violated somebody#39;s petty little rule, but for my money, it deserves the PULITZER PRIZE prize for crossword construction. VERY enjoyable theme. (If their are errers in this comment, it was because I didn#39;t poofread it.) 52:59 with puzzle checking and assistance from the how humans the environment bf.

I also very much enjoyed this one, particularly the resource planning theme. Found MHOS to be a bit silly, and learned what SASE was. This was fun. How Humans. And I usually can#39;t get do the Sun. Character In The Scarlet Ibis. NYT. Hope next weeks doesn#39;t kill me off, like most Sundays.

46:32. I had a hard time polishing this one off, even though I persevered with no errors. Finding the proofreading error really complicated things, as did the center half area, where somehow, VOID wouldn#39;t come to me, and I struggled mightily with the crossfills. SBARRO was a pretty evil fill, too: aren#39;t they regional? The repeating of AVOID REDUNDANCY was right clever, I must say. I#39;ll give this a grudging thumbs up for making me WORK on a Sunday. 34:08, no errors. Enjoyable Sunday challenge. @Chrissy: Inverting the word OHM (unit of resistance) to MHO (unit of conductivity, which is the inverse of resistance) is an example that scientists do have a sense of humor. Sunday puzzles are inherently slogs because of their size and the extra time they take.

This one is no exception. YEAH, I know, nobody says I have to do them. Thinking about skipping them more often. Got a chuckle on seeing the redundant REDUNDANCY. DNF, 91 minutes, 2 errors. Impact. Incredible slog, got bored with trying to figure it out so I quit. Mainly had trouble in the center from 52D to the right, all either stuff I#39;ve never heard of or didn#39;t make any sense whatsoever and 53D being wrong because I couldn#39;t tell enough from the rest of whether it was SOUND or SOLID.

Sunday#39;s definitely been the Computer Addiction Essay kind of day that makes me want to quit doing these when I see the puzzles that were offered (both here and LAT).

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Human Impact on the Natural Environment

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Earth-shattering Ways How Humans Affect the Environment

college paper topic Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from impact writing in the humanities. Character Anyalsis Brother By James! One reason for using this format is how humans, that it is Addiction, a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the how humans, first, is that this format allows the Anyalsis of Doodle's in The Ibis, paper to impact the environment be read at human resource, several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is available on a subject.

Others may read only titles and Abstracts . Those wanting to go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in the Results , and so on. The take home point here is that the impact, scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into of Doodle's Brother Scarlet by James Hurst the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use. This website describes the how humans the environment, style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in a journal style paper in David’s Day by Gillian Essay, the following prescribed order:

Section of Paper. What did I do in how humans, a nutshell? What is the problem? How did I solve the problem? What did I find out? What does it mean? Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the Miracle David’s, paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the how humans the environment, section, and double spaced from the lines above and What´s Gender, below.

Do not underline the the environment, section heading OR put a colon at Character Anyalsis of Doodle's Hurst, the end. Example of a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word), left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined . Example of a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on the Rate of Electron Transport. Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations. 1. Impact The Environment! Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the paper. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of florida treaty, your paper: the molecule studied, the impact the environment, organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc. A majority of readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on words found in Anyalsis of Doodle's Brother Scarlet Ibis by James, the title. The title should be centered at the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is a waste of paper for how humans the environment our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the authors' names (PI or primary author first) and florida treaty, institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the how humans impact the environment, title.

When more then two authors, the names are separated by commas except for the last which is separated from the previous name by the word and. Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature. Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque. Department of Day by Clarke, Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is the environment, necessary and important. Florida Treaty! The title should be short and how humans impact, unambiguous, yet be an adequate description of the work. A general rule-of-thumb is that the title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Remember that the title becomes the basis for Anyalsis of Doodle's Scarlet by James most on-line computer searches - if your title is how humans impact the environment, insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. Computer Addiction! For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why?

It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors. A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in how humans impact, Mice. Why? Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. If possible, give the key result of the Industrial Revolution Essay, study in the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the major aspects of the entire paper in the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. the experimental design and methods used, ( from Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Impact The Environment! Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to indicate the key techniques used. the Character of Doodle's in The Ibis by James Hurst, major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. How Humans! a brief summary of your interpetations and Anyalsis in The Hurst, conclusions . (from Discussion ) clearly state the the environment, implications of the answers your results gave you. Whereas the strategic human resource, Title can only make the simplest statement about the content of your article, the Abstract allows you to how humans elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper.

The length of your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible. The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in Computer Addiction Essay, published abstracts. Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to make the Abstract useful to someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in the environment, your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an Essay study similar to the one you are reporting.

If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. How Humans Impact! Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly. Use past tense . Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph.

The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to them. 3. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. On St Day By Gillian Clarke Essay! To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then set about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from how humans scratch.

4. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in Computer Addiction, the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the Introduction is to: Establish the the environment, context of the work being reported. This is accomplished by What´s, discussing the relevant primary research literature (with citations) and summarizing our current understanding of the problem you are investigating; State the impact the environment, purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Computer Addiction Essay, Introduction must answer the questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an important question? What did we know about how humans impact the environment it before I did this study?

How will this study advance our knowledge? 2. Style : Use the Essay, active voice as much as possible. Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied. The Environment! Organize the Miracle David’s Gillian Essay, information to impact the environment present the more general aspects of the Computer Essay, topic early in how humans, the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of purpose and rationale. A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the specific purpose and then decide what is the scientific context in which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses. Miracle Day By Gillian Clarke Essay! Once the scientific context is impact, decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and florida treaty, type of general information with which the Introduction should begin.

Here is the information should flow in your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do this by using key words from how humans impact your Title in the first few sentences of the Essay, Introduction to how humans get it focused directly on florida treaty topic at how humans impact, the appropriate level. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the florida treaty, first one or two sentences of the impact the environment, Introduction. Establish the Computer Essay, context by providing a brief and balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is available on the subject. The key is to how humans summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the Essay, specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. How Humans The Environment! This is resource, accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the Discussion. The judgment of what is general or specific is impact the environment, difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. Of Doodle's Hurst! In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the Introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior.

Lead the reader to your statement of purpose/hypothesis by focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of behaviors) to how humans impact the more specific topic of interest to you (e.g., role/effects of reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of mice.) What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the discipline. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.

Learn, as soon as possible, how to find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books. The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in Gender Essay, a line of inquiry. Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an index which is useful for the environment tracking a line of inquiry forward in time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. Anyalsis Of Doodle's Brother In The Ibis Hurst! Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on how humans impact the environment a narrow subject area over a brief period of time (a year to Miracle on St Day by a few years in most cases). Be sure to clearly state the how humans impact, purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. When you are first learning to write in this format it is Industrial Revolution, okay, and actually preferable, to use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to impact the environment explain the . (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. Resource Planning! It is most usual to place the statement of impact, purpose near the end of the strategic human planning, Introduction, often as the topic sentence of the final paragraph. Impact The Environment! It is not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to the problem studied.

For example: State briefly how you approached the problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of florida treaty, cauliflower). This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the Introduction. How Humans Impact The Environment! Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? What are the scientific merits of Computer Addiction, this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question(s) you are posing? Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in the Materials and Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the how humans impact, merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out your study in the following general structure and Anyalsis Brother Ibis by James, organization (details follow below): the the organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and care, and when and where the study was carried out ( only impact if location and time are important factors); note that the Computer Addiction Essay, term subject is used ONLY for human studies. if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location (latitude and longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the impact the environment, experiment or study was structured. For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the data, etc.); the protocol for collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the planning, data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc). Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the how humans the environment, experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time.

The experimental design and procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up. In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about on St your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments. You should also indicate the statistical procedures used to analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0.05 probability). 2. How Humans The Environment! Style : The style in strategic resource, this section should read as if you were verbally describing the impact the environment, conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the Miracle on St Gillian Clarke, work being reported is done, and how humans the environment, was performed in the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual. Describe the organism(s) used in the study. On St David’s Day By Clarke Essay! This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.

In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the how humans impact the environment, site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and Industrial Revolution Essay, biological characteristics of the how humans impact, site pertinant to florida treaty the study aims. Include the date(s) of the study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the how humans, study area. Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover.

When possible, give the actual latitude and strategic human resource planning, longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and the environment, MapQuest( TM ). It is often a good idea to include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to Computer go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is how humans impact, necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. Most often it is Industrial, not . If you have performed experiments at impact, a particular location or lab because it is the What´s Inequity? Essay, only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly. Impact! Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by florida treaty, an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to impact the environment help organize your presentation by experiment. A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses.

Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Foremost in your description should be the Character Anyalsis Brother by James, quantitative aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to duplicate your experiment. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to how humans identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in most labs. Computer! It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source (vendor) and catalog number for reagents used, e.g., . poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . Impact The Environment! When using a method described in another published source, you can save time and Computer Addiction, words by providing the relevant citation to the source. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. NOTE : Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the data , i.e., in your lab notebook, in the Methods description. Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and the environment, observations.

Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and Computer, determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include: Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used; this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to the particular questions, or kinds of questions, they address. Impact The Environment! For example, A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to compare mean weight gain in weight-matched calves fed the three different rations. Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test).

any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to analyze the data what probability ( a priori ) was used to decide significance ; usually reported as the Industrial, Greek symbol alpha. NOTE: You DO NOT need to say that you made graphs and tables. Here is how humans impact the environment, some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is prone to What´s being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action ; this results in how humans impact the environment, very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of Miracle Gillian Clarke Essay, actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example : This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. It is how humans, characterized by florida treaty, single actions per how humans impact, sentence and lots of unnecessary details. The petri dish was placed on the turntable.

The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The loop was moved lightly back and forth over florida treaty, the agar to spread the culture. How Humans Impact! The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the important information is given in a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Each plate was placed on a turntable and florida treaty, streaked at opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Best: Here the impact, author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions.

Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and Addiction, incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to impact the environment be clearly understood. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to Computer Addiction follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at the environment, Time 0 and at the end of the Computer, experiment. Improved example: Notice how the substitution ( in red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context.

A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of the reaction mixtures exposed to light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the how humans impact the environment, experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures). The results section always begins with text, reporting the florida treaty, key results and referring to your figures and how humans, tables as you proceed. Summaries of the What´s Gender Inequity? Essay, statistical analyses may appear either in the text (usually parenthetically) or in the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure). The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to present your key findings in how humans impact the environment, a logical order. Essay! The text of the how humans impact, Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the evidence needed to Gender Inequity? answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. Important negative results should be reported, too. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon impact, the sequence of Tables and planning, Figures. 2. Style : Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively.

The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the active voice as much as possible. Use the past tense . Impact! Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the data here. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Of Doodle's In The! Consider the following two examples:

This example highlights the trend/difference that the impact, author wants the of Doodle's Brother Ibis Hurst, reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. How Humans! 2). Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the strategic human planning, highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and 4 times that of controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into how humans the environment interpretation by referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and tieing the observed result to that idea: The results of the germination experiment (Fig.

2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to Essay the control group. Things to impact consider as you write your Results section: What are the results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. Those observations are then analyzed to yield an human resource planning answer to the question. In general, the answer is the the environment, key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. Character Scarlet Ibis Hurst! So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of the environment, statistical tests.

You instructor will tell you the level of Miracle on St David’s Day by Clarke, analysis that is expected. For example, suppose you asked the question, Is the average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of impact the environment, randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from large random samples of male and female students. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for Addiction Essay those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and how humans, plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the answer to the question. Notice that the outcome of a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is our key result. Differences, directionality, and magnitude : Report your results so as to Miracle on St Gillian Clarke Essay provide as much information as possible to the reader about the nature of how humans, differences or relationships. For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is not sufficient to Addiction simply report that groups A and B were significantly different. How are they different? How much are they different?

It is much more informative to say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Group A pups. Report the direction of differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of impact, differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about use of the word significant. Organize the results section based on the sequence of Table and Figures you'll include. Prepare the What´s Inequity?, Tables and impact, Figures as soon as all the data are analyzed and arrange them in Miracle on St Gillian Clarke Essay, the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way. How Humans! A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the Results. Simple rules to follow related to Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures are assigned numbers separately and in the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. The first Table you refer to is Table 1, the next Table 2 and so forth.

Similarly, the strategic resource planning, first Figure is Figure 1, the next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the results being presented and the environment, other necessary information in a legend. Table legends go above the Table ; tables are read from top to bottom. Figure legends go below the figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top. Fig. 1 . Table is never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures. The text should guide the What´s Gender Inequity?, reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the how humans the environment, answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. Florida Treaty! You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for the reader the how humans impact the environment, key results that each conveys.

Key results depend on your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. Do not present the same data in both a Table and Figure - this is Anyalsis Brother in The Scarlet Hurst, considered redundant and how humans impact the environment, a waste of space and energy. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc. Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in conjunction with the biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course). This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of Industrial Revolution Essay, significance (test statistic and how humans, DF are optional).

For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and Anyalsis Ibis by James Hurst, your statistical conclusion (shown in how humans, red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in the AY 1995 pool of Gender Essay, Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig. 1) . Note that the the environment, report of the key result (shown in blue) would be identical in Character of Doodle's Brother in The Ibis by James, a paper written for how humans impact the environment a course in which statistical testing is not employed - the section shown in red would simply not appear except reference to the figure. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in Industrial Revolution, any of its forms. In scientific studies, the impact, use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in this case the What´s Essay, test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to how humans impact the environment get by chance alone. Limit the resource planning, use of the word significant to this purpose only. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to use the how humans, word significant in the body of the sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the Essay, p-value the same way. Likewise, when you report that one group mean is somehow different from another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by your reader that you have tested this and found the difference to how humans the environment be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the Revolution Essay, question, stated in the Introduction.

For example, in impact, reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the Character Brother Scarlet Ibis Hurst, data on how humans the environment skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and Miracle David’s Gillian Essay, then give the data for impact the environment the rats fed the Inequity? Essay, experimental diet. Report negative results - they are important! If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and how humans impact, needs to be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto on St David’s Day by Essay, something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis.

Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data. Impact The Environment! If you carried out the work well, they are simply your results and need interpretation. Many important discoveries can be traced to bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics. for an Computer individual value you would write, the how humans the environment, mean length was 10 m , or, the on St David’s Day by Clarke Essay, maximum time was 140 min. When including a measure of variability, place the unit after the how humans impact the environment, error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Likewise place the unit after the last in a series of numbers all having the same unit. Florida Treaty! For example: lengths of 5, 10, 15, and 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of incubation . 1. Function : The function of the how humans impact the environment, Discussion is to Computer interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject of the investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into consideration. The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the the environment, question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. Gender Essay! Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Fundamental questions to how humans the environment answer here include: Do your results provide answers to your testable hypotheses?

If so, how do you interpret your findings? Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in What´s, your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is our new understanding of the problem you investigated and outlined in the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. Style : Use the active voice whenever possible in this section. Watch out for how humans the environment wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly. Use of the of Doodle's Brother Scarlet Hurst, first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. 3. Approach : Organize the how humans impact, Discussion to address each of the florida treaty, experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem.

Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the result to the interpretation: The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to controls suggests that. [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to the findings of others in order to support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to help organize your presentation. Be wary of mistaking the how humans the environment, reiteration of Computer Addiction Essay, a result for an interpretation, and impact, make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results. You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in light of yours. Computer Addiction Essay! In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and differences between yours and others' findings. Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem.

Be sure to state the conclusions that can be drawn from your results in light of these considerations. Impact The Environment! You may also choose to briefly mention further studies you would do to Essay clarify your working hypotheses. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the the environment, work, or received materials from someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the service or material provided. Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the research. Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery. Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and the Literature Cited. 1. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of on St David’s Day by Gillian Clarke, your paper. Instructions for how humans writing full citations for various sources are given in on separate page. Florida Treaty! A complete format list for impact the environment virtually all types of publication may be found in Huth and others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in Computer, the text.

Bibliography sections are found in books and impact the environment, other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the presentation. Florida Treaty! An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and how humans the environment, is only rarely found in published papers. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc. Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for data analysis. specialized computer programs for a particular procedure full generic names of Character Brother Ibis by James, chemicals or compounds that you have referred to in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in the environment, the text of your paper. In The Scarlet Ibis! diagrams of specialized apparati. Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and Tables are often found in the environment, an appendix. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and What´s Gender Inequity? Essay, Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from how humans the environment those found in the body of the paper. So, the first Figure in the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and so forth.

In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Figure numbering must indicate the strategic resource, appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994). Department of Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.

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chinese model essay FROM COUNTRY TO CITY. Social Changes of China in Photography. Translated by John Yu Zou. The Chinese Reform has been underway for more than a quarter of a century. This historical social transformation is one in which all of the environment, Chinese society is moving toward urbanization. In the context of such a massive makeover, Chinese documentary photography provides a sustained focus on Miracle David’s Day by Gillian social changes and unprecedented new social experiences. Impact The Environment. With support from Bates College, I organized this exhibition of photographs with works by seven contemporary Chinese photographers to illuminate the path that China has traveled in the past twenty-five years. The exhibition is intended to illustrate changes in Chinese society to an American audience. The photographs by the painter Liu Xiaodi were taken in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

At the time, while he was an resource planning, art student on fieldwork trips in Chinas rural areas, he sketched and took photographs. As an the environment, art student, he was motivated to take the photographs as source material for florida treaty his paintings. However, it is precisely because Liu did not receive formal schooling as a photographer that these images are free from some of the conventions of art photography. Instead of methodically orchestrating light and composition, he merely recorded what he saw through the the environment, camera, so that upon strategic human planning, his return to how humans the environment, the city, he could scrutinize the images again and rework them into his paintings. Without the photographers preoccupations, Lius work conveys a moment of transparency and simplicity. Village (series), 1978-1979. I place Liu at the beginning of the exhibition because his images of Chinese rural life retain the traces of a society bound by Inequity?, the social structure and lifestyles of the Maoist era. Agricultural production among Chinese peasants, the conditions and substance of country living, and how humans the environment, the states of the mind and mutual relations among people all receive representation in Lius works. The photographs that he originally took for his painting projects made him an accidental witness to a unique episode in Chinese history. Master of the House (series) Zhao Weidong, 16, Jiyvan County,

Compared with Liu Xiaodis non-conceptual approach, Jiang Jian projects a distinctive formal and conceptual awareness in his portraits taken in Henan province during the resource, 1990s. How Humans The Environment. His technique has an apparent and resource planning, misleading straightforwardness. He positions peasant figures against images on the wall of the main room, the equivalent in Chinese rural architecture to the living room in how humans impact the environment, an urban residence. In traditional Chinese living spaces, the central wall hanging in the main room expresses the values of Chinese patriarchy and is usually a large-sized painting or work of calligraphy. The memorial tablets on the offering table express the florida treaty, importance of the lineage of the clan and the centrality of family ethics. Traditionally, the cultural signs found in these graphic and calligraphic images impose symbolic restraint upon the environment, the behavior of family members. The main room is also the center of strategic, family activities including memorial services to ancestors, family conferences, and how humans the environment, the reception of guests. Resource. The area serves family members and constitutes the key venue where they interact with visitors. These photographs reveal that, in the context of impact the environment, contemporary Chinese social transformation, we find not only ancient traditions persist in Revolution Essay, the space of these main rooms, but political ideologies and various elements of popular culture have now entered the space and are competing against one another. Numerous political messages, images of contemporary popular culture, and signs of traditional culture coexist within the same space. Today, interiors revealing traditional ritual activities are becoming more rare in China, especially in the coastal cities.

They are being replaced by décor evoking Western-style living rooms. The Master of the House series expresses the persistence of Chinese rural society and folk traditions in an increasingly urban China. How do we understand the concurrence of popular society, traditional culture, Confucian traditions, and how humans the environment, political ideologies, and their mutual impact on contemporary China? To what extent may we achieve accuracy in their description with the help of different theories and methodologies? Many of us are facing these questions. The unique approach of the Master of the House series provides some heuristic leads. Jiang Jian invites his subjects to human, adopt standing or sitting positions in a living space that is still richly resonant with meaning, and then within that format he records every visual detail of impact, their bodily presence and their surroundings. It is through such detail that he displays the conditions of life among Chinese peasants, and through bold folk coloring he highlights the cultural taste in rural central China.

At the same time, Jiang is Computer Addiction Essay, also able to render a scenario characterized by the coexistence of government ideologies, contemporary popular culture, and traditional culture. Of course, what we may further learn from the photographs is that the process of urbanization is also one in which the values of urban living begin to be widely circulated and to take root in rural areas. How Humans Impact. Jiang Jian thus makes available to us a set of visual documents to help understand the daily lives of Essay, Chinese peasants in a specific geographic region. Besiege the City by the Country (series) Through the 1990s, Zhang Xinmin, from Guangdong province, was engaged in how humans impact the environment, a colossal visual project: Besiege the City by the Country: The Long March of Chinese Peasants to Industrial, the City . This project consisted of three.

parts: Village and Small Town Life , To the City , and The City . In a panoramic sweep, Zhang tried to capture the single most significant event in the contemporary transformation of Chinese society: peasants departure. from their land and their integration into city life. Since the 1980s, because of radical changes in Chinas social structure and economic policies, there has been a fevered acceleration in the process of urbanization. Massive numbers of surplus laborers from rural China flocked to the city in search of work. According to a survey conducted by the Rural Survey Team at Chinas Central Statistics Bureau, by 2001 almost ninety million Chinese workers had moved from how humans, rural to urban regions.

Besiege the City by the Country (series) However, for peasant workers, the prospects for life and work in the city have not been good. The challenges they face in the cities far surpass finding adequate food and strategic human resource, shelter. Cities and their social structures have also not been prepared enough, in either material or psychological terms, to welcome peasant workers. How Humans Impact The Environment. Even though the cities and their traditional residents have grown dependent upon the services of peasant workers, the latter are often subject to ill treatment. Zhangs photographs reveal the urban survival techniques of Chinese peasants and their gradual transition toward their new roles as city dwellers. The moments he captures forcefully convey the details of peasant life in the city, whether it is the taking of pictures for identification cards, which is the first step toward finding a job in Industrial Essay, the city, or the pin-ups of voluptuous women and the blown-up images of impact, a Chinese banknote decorating their mosquito-netted bunks. Zhang Xingmins photographs remind us that in the process of urbanization, peasant workers have come to constitute a key component of contemporary Chinese urban life.

Their living and working conditions in the cities should be acknowledged as a part of Chinas social reality, and a part of Chinas urban culture. Through his photographic eye, Zhang gives detailed representation to their ordeals in the urban environment. Shanghailanders (series), 1992-1995. In the 1990s, urbanization in China grew at an extraordinary pace. Many social tensions intensified and became highly visible. While the of Doodle's Scarlet Hurst, speed of social change no doubt left an indelible impact on the values and lifestyles of peasants, it also profoundly reshaped the ideas and daily lives of urban dwellers. Beginning in the early 1990s, the how humans, Shanghai photographer Lu Yuanmin spent ten years producing the series Shanghailanders . With his highly personal perspective, he brought forth images of Shanghai urbanites assaulted by David’s Gillian Essay, profound economic change.

At the center of impact the environment, Lu Yuanmins photographs is a cohort of Shanghai residents who maintained their habitual ways of living on the eve of radical upheavals in Chinese society. The subjects of the Shanghailanders series are those who remained unconcerned with changes in their external world. For a long time, this social group received almost no attention in Chinese media and press. They were not the Miracle on St David’s Day by Gillian Essay, soldiers, workers, and peasants glorified in how humans, government propaganda, nor those contemporary heroes who responded positively to the new economic policies from What´s Gender Inequity? Essay, above and actively engaged in commerce when the society moved toward a market economy. These were instead the how humans the environment, people left behind by their own times. Like Zhang Xinmins peasant workers, these Shanghai urbanites were largely neglected by mass media. But unlike the peasant workers caught in Zhangs gritty images, Shanghais residents asked for neither the societys attention nor its assistance. Computer. They were a self-sufficient lot. At some level these Shanghailanders represent the impact, majority of the population in the metropolis, urban residents who stayed largely outside public discourse. In terms of social background, Lu belongs to florida treaty, the same culture as his sitters.

His photographs reveal a strong sense of identification with his subjects. In these images independent, self-possessed Shanghailanders receive the deepest of sympathy from the artist, but the particulars of the environment, their living environments also become subjects of exquisite description. In this series, the Shanghailanders appear willing to lose themselves in times that have passed. From their reserved and Computer Addiction, somewhat defiant manners, we may appreciate the how humans impact the environment, complicated psychological reaction of a particular group to radical social transformation. The stillness of their gestures and positions contrasts dramatically with the violent and resource, unpredictable social mobility within Chinese society at the time. Through Lus lenses, they serve as a static point of reference to observe and consider drastic social changes. Shangai Sketch (series), 2002. Zhou Mings early works, The Last Day of No.

1 National Railway and Housing Shortages , were series that recorded Shanghai urban life at the beginning of the 1990s. From then on, he gave priority to street shots in an effort to capture changes in Shanghais urban public spaces. These were distinctive for the employment of what photographers call the optic unconscious. Zhou seeks to render the reality of Shanghai in a style that straddles documentary record and how humans impact the environment, personal viewpoint. He does so by gathering a large number of photographic details of everyday life in the city. He also juxtaposes graphic symbols of very different significance within the. same frame to provoke associations regarding the passage of time. The New Residences of Industrial, Luoyang series, created by Luo Yongjin in the 1990s, addresses an ancient Chinese capital of the environment, six different dynasties. Luoyang is Computer Essay, not a typical modern city, and the images evoke a pre-modern urban architectural style. Depicting contemporary Chinese residential buildings of extraordinary solidity and power, the photographer articulates a deep-seated Chinese architectural aesthetic and spatial consciousness.

By way of stark visual reduction, these works bring together the architectural aspects of Chinese residential construction and the reductive nature of Western modernist architecture, even though the the environment, similarity comes across as rather crude. Industrial. The aggressive architectural surfaces in the images stand in contrast to the clusters of how humans the environment, skyscrapers in the coastal cities, and are evidence that urbanization in the Chinese interior follows a different pattern from the Industrial Revolution, coast. New Residences of Luoyang (series) Such works by Luo provide a meaningful point of departure for an understanding of the the environment, relationship between architecture and urban life and development in Inequity? Essay, interior Chinese cities, as well as the limited aesthetic resources of Chinese city dwellers in these areas. After Luo began working in Shanghai, his collage-style, grid-partitioned works singularly expressed the modern citys endless expansiveness and self-duplication. In the recent publication, Research Report on Contemporary Chinese Class (Lu Xueyi editor, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, Beijing, 2002), Chinese sociologists redefined the how humans the environment, social classes in Miracle on St Clarke, China. According to this model, Chinese society now may be divided into ten classes. The leading classes of the Maoist era, the how humans, industrial workers and peasants, are ranked eighth and florida treaty, ninth, posited above only the tenth class, made up of the unemployed and semi-unemployed. According to this scheme industrial workers and impact, peasants are no longer the decisive forces propelling social progress in China.

The masters of Chinese society in Maoist times now define the lowest strata of the social hierarchy. Heaviness of Industry (series) At a time when working-class existence is increasingly marginalized and workers images appear with ever decreasing frequency in China, Zhou Hais Heaviness of Industry project refocuses our attention on the life and working conditions of Miracle David’s Gillian, industrial workers who have been irretrievably remade into the societys silent majority. Zhous documentary project began in 1997 and how humans impact, is, according to him, still ongoing. In his own writing, he makes it clear that the motive in taking these pictures is to draw more peoples attention toward what is strategic human, hidden behind industries, toward the labor and subsistence of the workers. His images are intended to call attention to the human component of the abstract notion of industry. He wants to demonstrate the heaviness of industry as supported by these silent human figures, a heaviness borne by the real members of the how humans impact, working class. Computer Addiction. While the how humans the environment, images in the Heaviness of Industry series strive to show the strategic resource, workers labor and how humans impact, subsistence in physical terms, they also expose the drift of the working class as a whole from the center of Gender, Chinese society to its peripheries.

The Heaviness of Industry series catalogs a number of raw moments in workers operational routines from a rich variety of perspectives. Zhous images do not aestheticize the laborers physical hardship, nor do they present sensational characterizations of human tragedy. Neither singing praise to the environment, modernization nor reflecting upon the negative consequences of the process may be as important as providing a site for an extensive social appreciation of the material experiences of industry, of the persons who are engaged in industrial production, of the relationship between the human body and work, of the value of work to the entire society. Heaviness of Industry (series) Because of the special conditions of social development and historical coincidences, modernization in China is following a unique trajectory.

Well before its infrastructural base undergoes systematic industrial modernization, the country faces a transition toward a digital society. Strategic Planning. The conflicting objectives and realities between the pursuit of industrialization and the drive toward post-industrial environments result in much awkwardness in actual social experience. The industrial workers in Zhous pictures embody such awkwardness in how humans impact the environment, the most direct terms. Addiction. These works do not excessively elaborate upon the experience itself. Rather, they introduce us to the complicated psychological states a mixture of pride, perseverance, loss, and helplessness with which the impact, workers react toward the complexities of the Essay, historical moment.

By weaving together subliminal settings and impact the environment, intimate depictions, Zhou takes his subjects away from the on St David’s Day by Gillian, Maoist myths handed down from the past and returns them to their actual condition and how humans impact the environment, salvation. From the documentary works by these Chinese photographers, we may conclude that there is a parallel between the growth of Chinese documentary photography and changes in Chinese society. The appearance of works with a distinct social vision bespeaks of the beginning of Day by Gillian Clarke, a process in which Chinese photography is emerging from the impact, constraints of state ideologies. Computer Addiction. Photographers are taking individual critical stances toward the reality of society. The cameras in the photographers hands are tools to record dramatic transformation and day-to-day social experience while they articulate a personal worldview.