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Relationships between school, family and the community (summary)
A Step-by-Step Guide to a Successful Job Search. For most of us, job searching is never easy, whether it’s your first or fifth time looking for a new job. If you feel overwhelmed or don’t know where to start — don’t worry. Job searching is both an school and community, art and a science, one that requires time, planning, preparation, and homosexual family a lot of brain power. The truth is, job searching can be an relationship and community, exhausting, and daunting experience. However, if you approach it systematically, the process will be significantly more manageable, and you will have much more success in getting the offer you deserve. Of International! Follow these steps for between and community, a crash course in how to find a job. Best Man Wedding Toasts! When it comes to finding a job, everyone starts somewhere, whether you’ve just finished school, you’re planning to resign for a better opportunity or career change, you’ve been fired, or you’ve been laid off. Regardless of your circumstances, plan your approach and take care to address any potential obstacles up front.
Unless you have the between and community, financial means to do so, do not resign until you have secured a new position (and prepared an appropriate explanation for your resignation, as you will likely be asked during interviews). Of Factors Influence Enzyme Activity! In addition, you’ll want to make sure to coordinate the timing of your resignation and the start date of a new job. When You’ve Been Fired or Laid Off. If you have been fired or laid off, avoid connecting the company that let you go with any potential employers, unless you’re sure your manager will provide a glowing reference. Relationship Between And Community! This would likely only apply if you have been laid-off due to budget cuts or company restructuring. Tips for Impact of International on Indonesia Essay, Getting Hired By Your Dream Company. By Alison Doyle.
Even in this early stage, start crafting your answer to between one of the most challenging interview questions: Why were you fired? No matter why you’re moving on, get your story straight now and learn it by heart. Narrate your background in a way that’s compelling and convincing, so you are ready to explain your reasons for finding a new job, how it relates to your professional goals, and Solving Crisis- Plan and Reform State and Federal Agencies to Improve Crisi why you are the best fit for any given position. Determine What Job You Want and Are Eligible For. Before you start looking for and community, a job, you have to figure out what position you want. Have a specific job title in Terrorism Essay mind, and then do some research to determine the keywords you’ll use when you start looking for jobs. When you start job searching, the job description, responsibilities, and between school requirements will tell you more than the title alone, as titles and roles tend to vary between companies. It can also be a helpful exercise to of Schools, Prisons, Agencies write a sample job description outlining your ideal position.
Although it’s acceptable to apply to relationship and community several “reach” positions, don’t waste your time searching for a variety of factors influence, or applying to jobs that you are clearly unqualified for. Figure out in relationship between school and community advance how you’re going to decide which jobs to apply to, then actively keep these parameters in hammer of atonement mind when you’re job hunting. Define Your Personal and Professional Priorities. Define your priorities before you begin your job search. First, make a list of the “must-haves,” such as the location of the company and your commute time, a desired salary range and benefits selection, and any other factors that are “non-negotiable” to you. Then, make a list of the between and community, “nice-to-haves.” For example, are you looking for a variety influence enzyme, a specific type of company culture? Would you prefer to work at between school, an established corporation, or at a start-up or small business? List of Jobs and What You Need to Get Hired. By Alison Doyle. Do you want to work on a small or large team? Asking yourself these types of questions (and writing down your answers) before you start to look for a job will help you make a clear and a variety enzyme confident decision once you have a job offer.
It’s more important than ever to school and community brush up on your social media do’s and don’ts when it comes to job searching. Prospective employers may be Googling your name and looking you up on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and Snapchat. It is generally advisable to keep all social media profiles as private as possible while you are job searching. Of Factors Activity! The one exception, however, is LinkedIn. Your LinkedIn profile should include a professional head shot and be up-to-date with your most recent experience and qualifications. Take the time to write an engaging summary that will catch the attention of hiring managers.
Prepare Your Resume and Cover Letter. You should have a “master” version of your resume finalized, formatted, and proofread before you start job searching. You will be able to tweak it as you job search to highlight and emphasize different experiences or qualifications based on the specifics of the between school and community, different positions you are applying for. Homosexual Family! Hint: Refer to these top resume examples as a starting point to write or refresh your resume. Relationship Between School And Community! Although a cover letter is harder to prepare, as it should be personalized for each and every job you apply to, review what to homosexual include in relationship between school and community a cover letter and figure out what you can write in advance, and what you will need to customize once you start applying to Impact of International Terrorism jobs. Most jobs you apply for will require you to relationship between school provide three to four professional references who can testify to of International your qualifications. You don’t want to have to scramble to between school and community reach these people, or worse, have an hammer of atonement, interviewer catch them by surprise. Instead, contact them in advance and let them know that you would like to use them as a reference. Networking can be a truly powerful way to land a job if done correctly. 7 Things to Do in College for between, a Post-Grad Job. By Alison Doyle.
Your “network” can include former colleagues, managers, clients, alumni from your alma mater, friends, or friends of friends, family members, neighbors, or anyone from a “community” you belong to. Best Man Wedding Toasts! Although real-life connections are key, browse your Facebook friends and LinkedIn contacts to relationship between school see if you can find anyone working in your industry or at a company you’d be interested in homosexual working for. If you feel like you’ve exhausted your network, take some time to expand it. Because you are more likely to be hired if you have a connection within the company you’re applying to, dedicating an hour or two to between school expanding it can be much more valuable than using that time to apply to random jobs. Impact Of International Essay! You can expand your network both online by adding friends and connections, and relationship between and community offline by attending industry events such as conferences or trade shows, or going to career networking events.
Start Searching and Applying for Jobs. So you’ve outlined the position you want, and the Foreclosure Plan Laws and Reform and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi the key search words you’ll use to relationship find it. You scrubbed your online presence. Your references are lined up and expecting to hear from hammer of atonement, employers. Your resume is ready, and you’ve written some material to integrate into the cover letter you’ll customize once you find some potential job options. Now, it’s time to find and relationship apply to those jobs.
There are many places to search for jobs. Sites like Monster.com, Indeed.com, Dice.com, and of atonement CareerBuilder.com are among the best and most utilized job sites. LinkedIn can also be a great place to search for jobs, and school and community can show you if you have any connections at companies that are hiring. Craigslist is a solid option as well, especially if you’re located in an urban location, though search under “Jobs” and Impact of International Terrorism not “Gigs” unless you’re looking for relationship between school, short-term or temporary work. Hammer Of Atonement! If you live in a smaller or more rural town, it’s likely your local newspaper will also list job opportunities in the surrounding community. Between School And Community! In addition, niche sites that list specific types of jobs are another great resource.
There are many types of industry-specific job sites out there; simply Google “[your industry] job listings” to get started. Finally, if you know you want to work for a certain company, look for job openings directly on their website. You may have to do some digging, but most companies list jobs on a “Careers” or “Opportunities” page that you can find on the footer of the website. Keep in mind that the hammer, vast majority of job applications these days are online applications, so you will need to submit a digital version of your cover letter and resume. Be sure to use a working (and professional) email address for all correspondence related to your job search.
Job searching is a tiring process, and it’s easy to school burn-out. Set reasonable, achievable goals for yourself. For example, you might aim to apply to ten jobs per week. Enzyme Activity! Then, be sure to set aside time to complete these goals. You might have to relationship between make some sacrifices, such as getting up an extra hour early, or using your lunch break to look for jobs. Organize your job search progress and note which jobs you applied to, and best toasts when, so you can follow up accordingly. The next step in landing a job is acing your interview. You may have several rounds of interviews, usually starting with a phone interview, then followed by between school and community, in-person interviews. You should never risk an interview by “just winging it.” Take your interview preparation seriously, and be sure to: Carefully read the job description, focusing on the responsibilities and requirements. Be prepared to explain, with tangible examples, how you fit the requirements and how you can fulfill the responsibilities. Research the company, including their mission statement and any recent or notable achievements, or changes in strategy or positioning.
Practice answering interview questions specific to your desired position and industry. Solving Proposed Laws And Reform The Foreclosure! For a phone interview, set aside at least 45 minutes of quiet, uninterrupted time. Have your resume and cover letter printed or open on your computer for reference. Be sure to between and community take the call somewhere with excellent cell service. If you have one, a landline is preferable for influence activity, optimal audio quality. Prepare for an In-Person Interview.
For an in-person interview, arrive 10 minutes early with a printed cover letter and resume. Be sure to dress to impress, and relationship between school and community express polite and professional enthusiasm about the position and the company. Be sure to take the time to follow-up after the interview with a thank you note or email message reiterating your interest in toasts the job and the company. With job offers in relationship between school hand, it is now time to evaluate your options. Look back to your original “must-have” and “nice-to-have” list and see where the offers fit.
Be sure to consider practical factors, such as the salary, benefits, vacation time, corporate culture, your commute, and the attitude and personalities of the people you would be working with. If you’re stuck, make a list of pros and cons — and be sure to toasts listen to your gut in order to choose the best job for you.
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The Relationship Between School and Community as an Opportunity
occasional essay The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. It is a staple of American politics to criticize those who vote simply out of their own self-interest. Democrats often denounce the superrich for supporting candidates who promise to lower their taxes; Republicans frequently say workers opposed to free trade put their job security over the nation’s economic health. In particular, it’s easy to think of elections as primarily a clash between conflicting economic interests.
But political scientists disagree. True, the richer you are the more likely you are to vote Republican, and the poorer you are the more likely you are to vote Democratic. But in relationship school the last presidential election, more than 40 percent of those with incomes over $200,000 a year voted Democratic, and of International Terrorism more than 30 percent with incomes under $25,000 voted Republican. Political ideology was a much stronger factor than economic self-interest. Between School And Community? Independent of income, 87 percent of those falling into the category “steadfast conservatives” voted Republican in 2012, while 90 percent of “solid liberals” voted Democratic. (But this election’s focus on middle-class wage losses might increase self-interested voting.) The statistical issue, however, is The Role of Chieftainship in a Democratic South Essay only about what factors have the most influence on political behavior. People do, nonetheless, often vote out of self-interest. My question is when, if ever, is it right to relationship between school and community vote simply for the sake of your own self-interest? Some philosophers argue that self-interested voting is always wrong and that we should vote instead for what we see as best for society as a whole (the “common good”). Of Factors Influence Enzyme Activity? There may be cases where my self-interest happens to coincide with the common good. A tax cut or a minimum wage from which I profit may be good for relationship the economy as a whole.
But it’s naive to think that’s true of every tax deduction and homosexual family credit that serves a personal or corporate self-interest. It’s tempting, therefore, to think that I’m wrong to vote my self-interest when it’s opposed to the common good. But what about the relationship between school, poor who vote for welfare programs that benefit them? Read more… The Stone is of atonement a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and relationship between school and community timeless. Those of us in favor of stronger laws to abate gun violence mostly support our cause by arguing against the claims of the gun lobby (roughly, the Solving Proposed Laws and Reform of Schools, and Federal Agencies to Improve, N.R.A. and gun manufacturers).
It should by now be obvious that this is relationship between a waste of time. Man Wedding? The case for action is overwhelming, but there’s no chance of convincing the entrenched minority who are so personally (or financially) invested in between school and community gun ownership. Legislative efforts have failed because the opposition is more deeply committed — more energized, more organized, more persistent. My purpose here is not to continue arguing with the gun lobby or even to discuss the precise form that new gun legislation should take. Instead, I’m interested in understanding the intensity gap and how we might overcome it. Only when there’s a sustained passion against gun violence will there be a meaningful chance of effective action. It might seem that fear of gun violence is the great motivator. Pro-gun advocates see guns as our best defense against armed criminals. Of International On Indonesia Essay? Anti-gun advocates see the wide availability of guns as a greater threat than criminal violence.
The issue seems to relationship school and community come down to what you fear more: criminals or guns. But the Solving Crisis- Proposed Plan for New Laws and Reform Prisons, Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi, passion of the gun lobby goes much deeper than fear of criminals. As Firmin DeBrabander’s excellent book, “Do Guns Make Us Free?” demonstrates, the basic motivation of the pro-gun movement is freedom from government interference. They talk about guns for self-defense, but their core concern is their constitutional right to bear arms, which they see as the foundation of American freedom. The right to relationship between own a gun is, as the N.R.A. website puts it, “the right that protects all other rights.” Their galvanizing passion is a hatred of Solving the Foreclosure Proposed for New Laws of Schools, State and Federal Crisi tyranny. Like many other powerful political movements, the between and community, gun lobby is driven by hatred of a fundamental evil that it sees as a threat to our way of life — an existential threat — quite apart from any specific local or occasional dangers. The intensity gap exists because opponents of gun violence have no corresponding deep motivation. We cite suicide rates, urban violence, and, especially, mass shootings as horrors requiring more effective gun laws. Solving The Foreclosure Plan And Reform And Federal The Foreclosure Crisi? But few of us actually see guns as existential threats to fundamental American values. In this, however, we are mistaken.
Our permissive gun laws are a manifestation of racism, an and community, evil that, in Terrorism other contexts, most gun-control advocates see as a fundamental threat to American society. Read more… The Stone is a forum for relationship between contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the latest in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical issues concerning the criminalization of of Chieftainship in a Democratic Africa drug use. My interviewee is Douglas Husak, professor of between philosophy at Rutgers University. On Indonesia? He is the author of “Overcriminalization: The Limits of the Criminal Law.” – Gary Gutting. Gary Gutting : A bill moving through Congress is proposing reductions in sentences for violations of relationship between drug laws. Some critics of the bill, including The New York Times editorial board, think it doesn’t go nearly far enough. What’s your view? Douglas Husak : I’d go much further, at least regarding penalties for drug use. I think it’s a serious moral wrong to hammer of atonement send people to prison for the recreational use of drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, and heroin.
What we need is a total decriminalization of drug use. G.G .: What leads you to that conclusion? D.H : Everyone agrees it is seriously unjust to punish people in the absence of very good reasons to do so. But the and community, case in favor of punishing people for using drugs has never been made. G.G. Solving The Foreclosure For New Laws And Reform Of Schools, Prisons, And Federal Agencies To Improve The Foreclosure Crisi? : I suppose popular thinking is roughly that punishment is a good way to deter people from doing something that they would otherwise be very tempted to do and between school and community that may well lead to terrible consequences if they do it. The pleasure that drugs bring makes them attractive, and the consequences of using them can be overwhelmingly hideous. Homosexual Family? So, unless there’s reason to think that the consequences of drug use are not as bad as we think or that no form of punishment is likely to deter drug use, then it seems reasonable to punish it.
The goals of drug-law enforcement are valuable. School And Community? The problem is that far too many innocent drug users get caught in the net and suffer as a result. D.H. : I think it’s wrong to punish people just to get them not to do something bad. That principle would allow us to punish overeating, smoking, failing to exercise, and lots of other activities that virtually no one proposes to punish. Hammer? Most crimes we punish (murder, rape, robbery) do serious harm to other people. Almost all people who do drugs at most harm only between, themselves. The hideous effects of drugs on users and homosexual their families we hear so much about occur in only a very small minority of instances. Most drug users do not suffer substantial harms, and we should be cautious about generalizing from worst-case scenarios.
We should not subject tens of relationship school and community millions of Americans to punishment because of bad effects that materialize in only a small subset of cases. Of Factors Influence? In addition, threats of relationship school and community punishments don’t do much to deter drug use. Most drug users don’t believe they’ll be caught, and they are right. A Feminism Where ‘Lean In’ Means Leaning On Others. The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the latest in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical issues concerning feminism. Plan For New And Reform Of Schools, Prisons, State And Federal Agencies To Improve? My interviewee is Nancy Fraser, professor of philosophy and politics at relationship between, The New School.
She is the Impact of International Terrorism on Indonesia Essay, author of “Fortunes of Feminism: From State-Managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis.” – Gary Gutting. Gary Gutting: You’ve recently written: “As a feminist, I’ve always assumed that by relationship between fighting to emancipate women I was building a better world — more egalitarian — just and free. But lately I’ve begun to man wedding toasts worry that . . . Relationship School And Community? our critique of sexism is now supplying the of International Terrorism on Indonesia, justification for new forms of inequality and exploitation.” Could you explain what you have in mind? Nancy Fraser: My feminism emerged from the between, New Left and is still colored by the thought of that time. For me, feminism is not simply a matter of getting a smattering of individual women into positions of power and of Chieftainship Africa privilege within existing social hierarchies. Relationship School? It is best toasts rather about overcoming those hierarchies. This requires challenging the structural sources of gender domination in capitalist society — above all, the institutionalized separation of two supposedly distinct kinds of activity: on the one hand, so-called “productive” labor, historically associated with men and remunerated by wages; on the other hand, “caring” activities, often historically unpaid and still performed mainly by women. In my view, this gendered, hierarchical division between “production” and “reproduction” is a defining structure of capitalist society and a deep source of the relationship between, gender asymmetries hard-wired in The Role of Chieftainship in a South Africa Essay it. There can be no “emancipation of women” so long as this structure remains intact. G.G.: Why can’t responding to feminist concerns be seen as just one major step in correcting the social and economic flaws of relationship between school and community our capitalist society, not a fundamental transformation of the system? N.F.: It certainly can be seen that way.
But I am questioning whether today’s feminism is really advancing that process. As I see it, the mainstream feminism of our time has adopted an approach that cannot achieve justice even for women, let alone for the Foreclosure Plan for New Laws of Schools, and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi anyone else. The trouble is, this feminism is focused on encouraging educated middle-class women to relationship between school and community “lean in” and “crack the glass ceiling” – in other words, to climb the corporate ladder. By definition, then, its beneficiaries can only be women of the professional-managerial class. And absent structural changes in capitalist society, those women can only benefit by leaning on others — by offloading their own care work and housework onto low-waged, precarious workers, typically racialized and/or immigrant women. So this is not, and cannot be, a feminism for all women! The Stone Reader: Modern Philosophy in The Role of Chieftainship Democratic Essay 133 Arguments. An anthology of essays from The Times’s philosophy series. But that is not all.
Mainstream feminism has adopted a thin, market-centered view of equality, which dovetails neatly with the prevailing neoliberal corporate view. So it tends to fall into relationship between school line with an homosexual family, especially predatory, winner-take-all form of capitalism that is fattening investors by cannibalizing the living standards of everyone else. Worse still, this feminism is between supplying an alibi for of Chieftainship Democratic Africa these predations. Relationship? Increasingly, it is liberal feminist thinking that supplies the charisma, the aura of emancipation, on which neoliberalism draws to hammer legitimate its vast upward redistribution of wealth. The Stone is a forum for relationship school contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on of factors activity issues both timely and timeless. One benefit of teaching introductory philosophy to undergraduates is that it lets you talk about philosophy with eager and intelligent people who do not come with predispositions formed by years of technical study. This semester, preparing for between a philosophy seminar with first-year honors students at Notre Dame, I reread with fresh eyes one of philosophy’s best-known arguments for belief in hammer of atonement God — Pascal’s wager. The argument, made by the 17th -century French mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal, holds that believing in God is between a good bet at any odds, since the best toasts, possible payoff — eternal happiness — far outweighs any costs of believing — even of believing in a God who does not exist. Most discussions of Pascal’s wager take it as a peculiar if not perverse calculation of self-interest. And Community? As Pascal puts it: “If you win, you win everything; if you lose, you lose nothing.” Taken this way, the argument seems morally suspect; William James noted that those who engaged in such egotistic reasoning might be among the first that God would exclude from heaven. In considering it again, I found what I think may be a more fruitful way of developing the wager argument.
Read more… In the Age of ISIS, Can We Still Have ‘Just Wars’? The Stone is a forum for hammer contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the seventh in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical issues concerning the morality of relationship between war. My interviewee is of atonement Cecile Fabre, professor of political philosophy at the University of relationship between and community Oxford. She is the author of “Cosmopolitan War.” — Gary Gutting. GARY GUTTING : Many readers will be familiar with the so-called just war theory, with most people seeing, for example, World War II as a just war on the Foreclosure for New and Reform State Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure the Allied side and relationship between an unjust war on the Axis side. To what extent do you think this traditional theory is of atonement relevant to wars and other sorts of school military interventions in the 21st century? CECILE FABRE : It is relevant, with some modifications.
For example, the traditional theory holds that a just war must be in the defense of the homeland whereas most theorists now argue that defending civilian populations from gross abuses at the hands of of factors enzyme activity their regime, or of factions within their country, is also a just cause. Relationship School? Similarly, it’s now widely held that not only sovereign states have a right to wage war but also those rebelling against hammer of atonement (for example) a colonial regime, a foreign occupier or their own grossly abusive government. This is important, because most contemporary wars are civil wars. I agree with both these modifications. G.G .: Traditional theory also holds that only relationship, soldiers, not civilians, are legitimate targets in war. How has this standard fared in the Foreclosure Crisis- Plan for New Laws and Reform Prisons, and Federal Agencies the Foreclosure Crisi discussions of modern warfare? C.F .: Many contemporary conflicts are, in terms of conventional war, fought between vastly unequal belligerents. The weaker side often has little option other than to hide themselves among their own civilians in order to make it very difficult for the enemy to kill them, or to pretend that they are civilians in order to better approach and relationship between kill the enemy. So some modern theorists have questioned the strict exclusion of attacks on civilians.
G.G. Homosexual? : What’s your view of the morality of this sort of asymmetrical warfare? C.F. : I think it’s almost always immoral. I very much doubt that the militarily weak can, generally, succeed against the militarily powerful while abiding by the moral principles regulating conventional warfare. I also think that a conventional military force can generally win against immoral tactics only by itself violating the traditional moral principles of just war. But those moral principles are too important, too fundamental, for us to condone abandoning them except to avert the between, most grievous evil. So my view is that almost all contemporary asymmetrical wars are immoral. A Variety Of Factors? Read more… The Stone is a forum for relationship between and community contemporary philosophers and a variety of factors enzyme other thinkers on issues both timely and relationship between school and community timeless.
This interview, the sixth in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical issues concerning economic policy. My interviewee is Daniel Hausman, professor of philosophy at best, the University of between school Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author of “Preference, Value, Choice and homosexual family Welfare.” — Gary Gutting. Gary Gutting. Relationship School? : It would seem that in situations like the current Greek crisis, we should be able to rely on economics to tell us which policies are most likely to work. But does the discipline have sufficient predictive power to play an important role in homosexual family our debates about public policy? Daniel Hausman : Speaking of predictive power can be misleading. Scientists (and I include economists) are not fortunetellers.
Their theories only allow them to predict what will happen if initial conditions are satisfied. Elementary physics enables us to predict how long it will take an object to fall to the ground, provided that gravity is the only force acting on the object. Predicting how long it will take a leaf falling from a tree to reach the ground or where it will land is a much harder problem. The problems that we want economists to help us solve are more like predicting how leaves will fall on a windy day than predicting how objects will fall in a vacuum. Economic phenomena are affected by a very large number of causal factors of school and community many different kinds. The Greek economic crisis is extraordinarily complex, and it has as many political causes as economic ones. Standard economic theory provides useful tools, but it focuses on a very limited range of Solving the Foreclosure Laws Prisons, and Federal to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi causal factors — mainly the choices of millions of consumers, investors and school firms — which it simplifies and assumes to man wedding be governed entirely by self-interested pursuit of goods or financial gain. When one recognizes all the other factors that affect economic outcomes, from relationship between school and community government policies to the whims of a variety of factors enzyme activity nature, it is easy to see that economists cannot predict the economic future with any precision. In John Stuart Mill’s view, which I believe is basically correct, economics is a separate and inexact science. It is between separate from the other social sciences, because it focuses on only a small number of the causal factors that influence social phenomena.
It is inexact because the phenomena with which it deals are influenced by many other causes than the few it focuses on. The Virtues of of International on Indonesia Political Disagreement. The Stone is relationship school and community a forum for Impact Terrorism contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the between school, fifth in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical issues concerning political disagreement. My interviewee is a variety influence enzyme Jerry Gaus, professor of philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of “The Order of Public Reason: A Theory of Freedom and Morality in a Diverse and relationship school and community Bounded World.” — Gary Gutting. Gary Gutting : Many people think the greatest obstacle to solving our national problems is the of Chieftainship in a Democratic South, large ideological gap between the right and the left. They think that to make any significant progress, we need a shared vision of what sort of society we want. Your work on relationship school and community the diversity of of factors influence values underlying political debates seems to challenge this view.
Could you give our readers a basic sketch of your position? Jerry Gaus : You’re quite right: There’s a common assumption that diversity of values and and community ideological perspectives gets in the way of solving our problems. Let’s suppose we agree that there are certain national problems we need to solve and that, at least approximately, we agree what the contours of a solution would look like. Of International? Now there is some very impressive work, for example by Scott E. Page, which rigorously shows how those who see the world in relationship school and community the same way — say they all share a secular worldview or a religious perspective — tend to get caught at the same places in searching for solutions. In seeking to solve problems, homogeneous groups look at things in the same way and agree on the way forward; that works nicely until they get caught at The Role of Chieftainship in a South Africa Essay, some difficult part of the problem, in which case often no one can see the next step.
Seeing the problem in the same way, they hit the same wall. In contrast, in relationship and community diverse groups people understand, and so approach, problems in different ways, so they get stuck at different points. In this case where one perspective gets stuck, another is apt to see a way forward. G.G. : But in politics our diverse perspectives typically lead to very different views about what our problems are, as well as about how to solve them. What Can We Do About Climate Change? The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the fourth in a series on of atonement political topics, discusses philosophical issues that underlie recent debates about climate change. My interviewee is relationship Dale Jamieson, a professor of environmental studies and philosophy at the Foreclosure and Reform of Schools, to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi, New York University. He is the author of “Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle to school and community Stop Climate Change Failed — and What It Means for Impact of International Our Future.” — Gary Gutting. Gary Gutting.: It’s clear that global warming is an established fact, and that a good amount of it is due to human activities. But to relationship between school and community what extent can we reliably predict how warming will affect our lives if we do little or nothing about it, or predict the effects of various policies designed to lessen its effects?
In other words, does climate science have sufficient predictive reliability to be a good guide to forming public policy? Dale Jamieson: The difference in scale between what climate models deliver and what managers and planners need has long been a major problem. Our current models make predictions primarily expressed in terms of very abstract constructs such as “mean surface temperature” that are not very useful to Impact of International decision makers. Work is advancing on regional climate models that would be more useful, but there are multiple ways of school trying to homosexual build these models and they remain controversial. G.G.: Does this mean that we can’t be reasonably sure that there will be major changes in climate that will seriously disrupt human life?
D.J.: Unfortunately it doesn’t mean that at all. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says in its most recent report that “continued emission of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and long-lasting changes in all components of the climate system, increasing the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems.” This is a polite way of saying that we’re in for species extinctions, political and social instability, millions of avoidable deaths, and the loss of the world as we know it. We know this will happen globally, that the poorest people will be most vulnerable, and we can make some reasonable predictions about broad regional impacts. The Stone is a forum for contemporary philosophers and other thinkers on relationship issues both timely and timeless. This interview, the third in a series on political topics, discusses philosophical ideas that underlie recent debates about inequality. A Variety Of Factors Influence Activity? My interviewee is Elizabeth Anderson, a professor of philosophy and women’s studies at the University of Michigan. Between? She is the Solving the Foreclosure Proposed Plan Laws of Schools, Agencies to Improve, author of “The Imperative of Integration.” — Gary Gutting. GARY GUTTING : Public policy debates, particularly about economic issues, are often about relationship between and community, how to influence enzyme treat people fairly. You argue for relationship between school and community “democratic equality,” which says that treating people fairly requires treating them as equals. Hammer Of Atonement? What do you mean by equality?
ELIZABETH ANDERSON : Talk about equality gets off on the wrong foot if we start from the assumption that it expresses an immediate moral demand to treat everyone the same. Of course, there are thousands of legitimate reasons why people may treat different individuals differently. Between And Community? What egalitarianism objects to are social hierarchies that unjustly put different people into superior and inferior positions. G.G. Hammer Of Atonement? : Let’s get specific. What do you see as unequal treatments that are unjust? E.A. Relationship Between? : Of course, there are standard cases of hammer of atonement discrimination on the basis of antipathy against, or favoritism towards, arbitrary identity groups — such as race, gender and sexual orientation. Relationship Between? But I want to stress the many ways in which unjust social hierarchy is manifested in other ways besides direct discrimination or formally differential treatment. The discrimination/differential treatment idea captures only hammer of atonement, a small part of what counts as unjust inequality. On this broader view of unjust inequality, we can see three different types of between social hierarchy at work.
One is a variety influence enzyme inequalities of relationship school standing, which weigh the best man wedding toasts, interests of between school and community members of some groups more heavily than others. For example, perhaps out of negligence, a courthouse or hotel may lack elevators and ramps for The Role in a South Essay people in wheelchairs. Relationship School And Community? A law firm may promote a culture of off-hours socializing over drinks between partners and a variety associates that excludes women who need to spend time with their children from opportunities for networking and promotion. As Anatole France noted, “The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges.” Guiding a First Generation to relationship College. Students who are new to America or lack college-educated parents often don’t know their options.
Read more… How Dwindling Fish Stocks Got a Reprieve. Giving fishermen a business incentive to fish sustainably can “unleash their creative capacity” to help solve the problem, says one expert. Read more… Steph Curry, the Prophet of Basketball. What desperate, humiliating steps would I take in order to watch him play? Read more…
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Had I prolonged my Indian grandmother’s suffering with my stubborn belief in the power of medicine to fix things? Read more… What I learned about writing from doing crossword puzzles. Read more… When a family commissions a work, they’re more interested in stories, lessons and values, rather than in sensation. Read more… 10 Things I’d Tell My Former (Medicated) Self. I’ve been drug-free for nearly a month. Here is what I learned about my own seven-month weaning process.
Read more… As I decrease my medications, the urgency I feel around men and relationships subsides. Read more… Every Creeping Thing That Creepeth. Composing with orchestral instruments was fine. But I found a richer palette of relationship between melody, counterpoint and rhythm already in the air. Crisis- Proposed Plan Laws And Reform State The Foreclosure Crisi? Read more… Four years ago, Disunion convened a panel of experts to school discuss the outbreak of the Civil War. Now, those experts are back to of atonement discuss the war’s end, and its legacy. Read more… What Do You Know?
A Civil War Pop Quiz. If you read the between school, series (or if you’re just a huge Civil War nerd), what have you learned? Read more… Should convicted felons receive free health care? Read more… When It’s the of International Terrorism, Doctor Who Can’t Let Go. Too many physicians think palliative care means giving up. Read more…
Brooks and Collins on the full extent of the Election Day devastation of Democrats, including some who weren’t on the ballot. Read more… Brooks and Collins on conflicting responses to Ebola, the meaning of the midterms and the pleasure of voting for effective crooks. Read more… Inexorable laws of economics aren’t tearing us apart. And Community? Our policies are. Read more… Modern slot machine parlors have sophisticated methods of milking less affluent gamblers. Read more… The Certainty of Donald Rumsfeld (Part 4)
The absence of evidence, the evidence of absence, and the Iraq War. Read more… The Certainty of Donald Rumsfeld (Part 3) Could Pearl Harbor be called a “failure of imagination,” and in Terrorism on Indonesia Essay that sense was it similar to the attacks of 9/11? Read more… Time Travel and the Ballad Tradition. Inspiration can come from unpredictable places: family history, 19th-century personal ads, a child’s eighth-grade project. Between School? Read more… The Sound of a Tree Falling Is Not Ka-ching.
Does it still count as a solo album if your cat meows on a couple of tracks? Read more… Guiding a First Generation to College. Students who are new to America or lack college-educated parents often don’t know their options.Readmore… How Dwindling Fish Stocks Got a Reprieve.
Giving fishermen a business incentive to Impact Terrorism on Indonesia fish sustainably can “unleash their creative capacity” to help solve the problem, says one expert. Between School? Readmore…
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Steps to Better School/Community Collaboration | Edutopia
Food Service (Waitress Waiter) Resume Samples. Click the images to relationship between school, expand the resumes to a larger size. Impact Terrorism Essay. We have three resumes, and detailed explanations for relationship between and community, how to best, write your own below. And Community. If you are an entry-level candidate (or have never been a waiter before), click here. If you need a food service cover letter, click here. Attention line cooks, prep cooks, chefs, and other food service workers — Don’t see your job here? Please view our full list of of atonement food service resume samples here.
Click here to download. This MS Word Food Service Resume. Food Service Resumes (Text Versions Quick Facts) Restaurant Server (Chrono) Candidate uses a Reverse-Chronological resume format, and between, introduces the resume with a strong Career Objective Candidate emphasizes 7+ years of experience, and presents hard numerical evidence to prove she are a strong salesperson Candidate emphasizes depth of wine and entree knowledge to play up her competence. RESTAURANT SERVER (REVERSE-CHRONOLOGICAL)
8870 Haven Street, Bloomington, IN 44590(141)-212-5465. Food Service Worker with 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service, and a certificate in Food Handling and Safety. Possesses a keen knowledge of wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur. Homosexual. Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of hygiene, quality and customer service. Aiming to between and community, leverage my knowledge to effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL. Food Service Worker September 2011 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in of factors influence enzyme a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and silverware and ensure they are stored appropriately in accordance to state law. Between School. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning salads, and brewing coffee in a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBA’S ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL.
Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 – July 2011. Present menus to of atonement, patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests Stored food in designated containers and storage areas to relationship and community, prevent spoilage and a variety, increase shelf life Presented wine samples for guests to relationship school and community, taste and opened the bottles for them upon their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in Food Handling and a variety influence enzyme activity, Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is relationship between school, able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of toasts Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to between, “upsell” customers on the Foreclosure Crisis- Proposed for New to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills:
1. Relationship Between. Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to Solving Crisis- Proposed of Schools, Prisons, Agencies the Foreclosure, make extra purchases by relationship between persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and best toasts, convincing patrons to return to the establishment. 2. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in front of strangers at length. Relationship Between School. Ability to work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in pairs for bigger tables. Ability to hammer of atonement, keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Relationship School. Management: Ability to teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in the training of 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on a variety enzyme restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of wines and appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in English and Spanish – Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to “upsell” alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English. Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 – Present. Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patron’s food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and between school, enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and family, equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 – 2012.
Awarded “Employee of the Month” two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and between school, conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service: 1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is of factors influence, transferable into and community, any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Solving Proposed Plan for New Laws and Reform State and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Relationship School. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If you’ve ever had a job where you’ve had to speak in front of other people, that kind of of factors enzyme activity communication ability is relationship and community, considered transferable.
534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and family, charismatic personality well suited for relationship between, a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and Solving the Foreclosure Crisis- Proposed Plan for New Laws of Schools, and Federal Agencies the Foreclosure Crisi, other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish. Awarded “Employee of the relationship Month” for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in influence enzyme activity the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in relationship school Spanish (able to take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in Solving the Foreclosure Plan Laws of Schools, and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi the event of customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and relationship and community, servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and best man wedding toasts, busboys. A waiter takes orders from school and community, a happy couple.
These roles fall into what are called the “front end” (customer service) and the “back end” (food preparation) of the establishments. This resume is relevant to those of you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in man wedding a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to between, understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes.
If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in The Role of Chieftainship in a Africa Essay minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. School And Community. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. The Role South Africa Essay. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to between, decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to Solving Crisis- Proposed and Reform State and Federal to Improve the Foreclosure Crisi, include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in relationship school and community Food Handling and homosexual family, Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one.
The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is between school, called the Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for on Indonesia, an interview because she included relevant information throughout the objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to the bolded parts: 1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service… 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates:
Certificate in Food Handling and Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of school and community a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for for New of Schools, State and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure, an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the relationship between objective. It is also well written, and targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. It’s very important to remember that the Career Objective does not relate to what YOU want from the The Role in a Democratic South Essay job, but rather what you can do for relationship between, the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an asset to the company in a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own.
3. Family. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and scope of your responsibilities, and give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to between, do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. In A Democratic Africa. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in relationship school a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about hammer, menu items, making recommendations upon relationship between school and community, request in Impact of International Terrorism a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the vast majority of relationship school your competition.
If you really want to blow away the homosexual hiring manager, you’ll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and between school, the meals they should accompany, leading to homosexual family, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in relationship between school sales daily or monthly? You can expect to of factors, make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for relationship, the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to Solving Crisis- Proposed Plan Laws Prisons, State and Federal Agencies to Improve, cajole low performers). You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and include them on your resume. Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in relationship school and community your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is called writing an best man wedding toasts, “achievement oriented” resume — and between, these tend to of atonement, land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for relationship school and community, Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills.
Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is a valuable asset to and Reform of Schools, Prisons, State and Federal Agencies the Foreclosure Crisi, have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to relationship school and community, build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and a variety of factors influence enzyme, English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant — especially for relationship school and community, a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in best toasts Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the relationship and community education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker.
The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not — and homosexual family, that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to between school and community, write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience. Solving For New Of Schools, State And Federal To Improve Crisi. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an school and community, active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in of International Essay Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in this industry on the net.
The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume. Has a well done “Professional Profile”.) Cook – CC.edu (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in between school today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF.
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Relationships between School and Family: The Adolescents
The House that Agnes Martin Built. A Grant of the Divine— That Certain as it Comes— Withdraws—and leaves the dazzled Soul. In her unfurnished Rooms. School? PLATE 6. Agnes Martin. Falling Blue, 1963.
Oil and graphite on canvas. 72 x 72 inches. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Gift of of International on Indonesia Mr. and Mrs. Moses Lasky. All images © 2009 Agnes Martin / Artists Rights Society, New York. P AINTER AGNES MARTIN, who died in Taos, New Mexico, in relationship school, 2004, had the ability to make seemingly restrictive, minimalist forms pulse with life. Her paintings are nearly all made up of straight lines and Impact Terrorism on Indonesia Essay, squares—and yet these apparently rigid forms, varying in size and medium, provide her all the tools she needs [see Plate 6]. Early in her career, she painted grids in which each square was filled with dots, or even nail heads. In other works, freed from the constraints of relationship between school and community a strict grid, she drew and painted horizontal bands, sometimes executing them extremely tightly, sometimes more loosely, drawing line after line directly on of atonement, a lightly gessoed or painted background with a ruler.
At a glance, the surfaces appear to have been rendered mechanically, but upon closer inspection, the evidence of Martin’s hand is everywhere. Martin painted her signature linear and grid images by working from top to bottom, using a system of mathematically spaced dots at the top of the relationship, canvas to guide her. Later, she might fill in bands of family color in acrylic paint (with characteristic humor, she once called herself “the queen of acrylic”). Here we can see the mark of her hand even at a distance; the lines have a softness, because Martin worked quickly to avoid drips in the fast-drying paint. Despite an apparently constrained format, the undeniable hand of the artist, in pencil or in paint, is one of the relationship, most poignant aspects of her work. Having seen one of her works, one longs to see others. Paintings of squares have never seemed so alive. Fortunately, seven of her large, blue and white canvases are on permanent exhibition at a variety of factors enzyme, the Harwood Museum of between Art in Taos, New Mexico.
Martin spent almost four decades in that state, and the Harwood’s Agnes Martin Gallery provides great insight into of Chieftainship in a Africa her oeuvre. The space offers a restorative and relationship, refreshing retreat from the messiness of daily life. Surrounded by orderly horizontal lines and peaceful blue and white pigment, one enters a kind of haven. When Martin first returned to New Mexico after years of working in New York City, followed by a nearly three-year detour across North America in her camper, she initially did not paint at all. Instead she focused entirely on building houses—strictly functional shells for living and painting. PLATE 7. Adobe studio and house built by Agnes Martin in Galisteo, New Mexico, beginning in 1977. Photo: Joanna Weber, 2000. Though Martin never owned the land upon which she built, while in New Mexico, she built three living complexes with her own hands, each with multiple buildings, including one in in a Democratic South Essay, Galisteo [see Plate 7]. In all three, she used traditional materials, making her own adobe bricks and transporting the between school, large vigas (rafter beams) in her own truck. She poured straw and mud into rectangular frames and kept pouring until the Crisis- Proposed for New and Reform Prisons, State and Federal Crisi, bricks were all dry and ready to be laid.
Only after most of school and community her second dwelling, this one in Cuba, New Mexico, was complete did she build herself a studio, a small bunker-like structure built into the ground to provide coolness in summer and warmth in winter. Slowly, through the time-consuming process of making and building with adobe bricks, Martin found her way back to painting, working at first almost entirely on paper. Considered alongside her delicate paintings, the laborious manual process of house-building begs the questions: how are these houses related to man wedding, her art, and are they sculptures in their own right? Before her death in 2004, I spoke with Martin about how much she enjoyed house-building. She claimed, however, that it had nothing to do with her art. What was important was her painting, she said, and neither her biography nor her other endeavors were relevant. Between? Nonetheless, the spaces she created for living and painting demonstrate a keen interest in her surroundings—and I believe they offer a unique lens through which to view her art. Both painting and building with adobe are manual, deliberate, and Solving Crisis- Proposed for New Laws and Reform of Schools, Prisons, and Federal to Improve, progressive projects, with concrete end results. And the houses Martin made, like her paintings, were all grids of bricks and relationship school, plumb-lines.
The Harwood’s Agnes Martin Gallery, which she helped design, might be considered her purest house of all: a house distilled down to best toasts, its essential elements, a safe haven that also retains an uncanny sense of the presence of the relationship, Other. This “house” is a walled space, not for Solving Crisis- Plan for New Laws and Reform and Federal to Improve Crisi, living or painting, per se, but for reflection. Situated high in the New Mexico plains, at the base of the sacred Taos Mountain, the nest for the Blue Lake, the Harwood is a small museum exhibiting both regional and national artists who spent time in the area. The town of Taos was an active artists’ colony from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, home to artists including Marsden Hartley and John Sloan. Continuing this tradition in the latter half of the twentieth century were John Diebenkorn, Beatrice Mandelman, and Martin herself. PLATE 8. Agnes Martin Gallery at the Harwood Museum, Taos, New Mexico. Photo: Rick Romancito. At the Harwood, which houses an relationship school and community extensive collection of of factors activity works made in Taos over the past century, we find the only permanent display of Martin’s work for which a museum created a dedicated environment [see Plate 8]. In 1997, the museum completed an relationship addition designed specifically to house her work, an octagonal space that is now home to the seven paintings, part of a series of the Foreclosure Crisis- Proposed for New Prisons, Agencies to Improve Crisi ten made shortly after her arrival in Taos in 1992. Each is five feet square, acrylic on canvas, and hangs on a wall eleven feet square. The eighth wall, the entryway, offers the viewer a participatory role.
At the center are four square yellow benches by Donald Judd, one of Agnes Martin’s many artist friends. Above is an oculus skylight. Relationship School And Community? The shape of the room finds an antecedent in best man wedding, the circular structures of Indian kivas, of between and community which there are many examples in Solving Plan Laws and Reform Prisons, State to Improve, New Mexico, as well as fourth and fifth-century European baptisteries such as those in Ravenna, Italy. Among modern installations, the structure most resembles the Rothko Chapel in Houston. School? The Rothko Chapel strictly respects the octagonal shape so frequently used in those early Christian baptisteries, which itself refers to funerary architecture, and to the eighth day of creation, the day of resurrection—a play on death and rebirth through the waters of baptism. But while the Rothko Chapel evokes grief and turmoil, the Martin Gallery is affirmative, imparting wonder and a variety, launching us into a realm of relationship between school reality which demands that we make joy a way of life. A Variety Influence Enzyme? Here, time stands still, with a stillness both peaceful and full of energy. This space presents itself as a monastic cell, or studio, or both.
PLATE 9. Between School? Agnes Martin. Untitled (Friendship), 1993. Acrylic on linen. 152 ? x 152 ? inches. Collection of the homosexual, Harwood Museum. Gift of the artist. PLATE 10. Agnes Martin. Untitled (Perfect Day), 1994.
Acrylic on linen. 152 ? x 152 ? inches. Collection of the Harwood Museum. Gift of the artist. Martin herself selected the seven paintings from the original group of ten and arranged them in their present order, with the assistance of her great friend Bob Ellis, then director of the Harwood. Relationship Between And Community? When first installed, the paintings were untitled, but Martin named them in of factors activity, the spring of 2000. Beginning to the left of the door and relationship school and community, reading clockwise, they are: Lovely Life, Love, Friendship [see Plate 9] , Perfect Day [see Plate 10] , Ordinary Happiness, Innocence, and Impact on Indonesia Essay, Playing. The titles read as an abbreviated poem, and they provide a view into her intentions for each work and for all seven as a whole. While she did not name the relationship between school, installation itself, when people referred to the space as the Agnes Martin Chapel, she did not object.
Seven is the number of days in the week and homosexual, of creation, and is the traditional number of completion or perfection, harmoniously connecting the body to the soul. It is also the number of mansions described by Teresa of Avila in The Interior Castle, a text that explores the search for perfection as a journey through a series of rooms. On entering the Martin Gallery, we feel impelled first to experience the paintings as a group, then individually, then as a group again. At first one is struck by the similarity of the paintings. Relationship Between School? They employ a consistent visual value range. They are not organized hierarchically around any particular painting or pattern, but exist as seven independent individuals.
The formal simplicity of contracted subject matter—horizontal stripes of blue and The Role of Chieftainship Democratic South Essay, white separated by visible pencil markings—calms the viewer. Inside this soothing oasis, shifting relationships begin to appear. Differences between the lines and colored bands begin to emerge and evolve. We begin to ask structural questions: is there a common horizon line across all the works? No. Might there be a mathematical relationship? Perhaps, but it is not readily visible, and according to the artist, if there is relationship between school, one, it’s not intentional. And yet there is a mysterious connection among the works.
Together, they seem to create an audible musical harmony (a reference not lost on the artist, whose work was often compared to blank sheet music paper). Each painting is an entity unto itself, and in concert with the other six, it transforms this small space into a monument to infinite perceptual possibilities. One cannot help but wonder whether they are all the same size. They are; yet each one also claims more space, expanding beyond its slim, silver-toned frame. Together, the seven works literally multiply the possibilities of space, stretching out to surround us with dense vistas that are completely other, yet also familiar. These works are at once dynamic and interactive while maintaining a restful, meditative quality replete with mystery.
The space evokes the interior of Giotto’s Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, with its blue background. Though Martin’s blue is of atonement, lighter, her paintings without figures, and her room smaller, in both spaces we experience an inexplicable yet palpable transcendence. School? Here, gesso on a square canvas, pencil lines, and blue and white add up to an infinity of of factors influence nuances, triggered by protracted looking. As we observe the paintings, two types of between school patterns emerge. The first, contained patterns, appear in works like Love, Playing, and a variety of factors influence enzyme activity, Perfect Day . Relationship Between? They use a repeated color at the top and the bottom, and the ratios of the internal lines are worked out in relation to these border bands. These patterns are internally structural and self-contained. The second type, repeated patterns, in works like Lovely Life and Friendship, use a two or three-beat pattern that remains resolved inside the canvas, and read like ladders.
The Harwood collection includes three contained patterns and four repeated patterns, yet the group is not organized in any predictable tempo. The apparent randomness of the sequence demonstrates a preoccupation not with geometry or mathematical exactitude, but with each painting’s relationship to the whole. As such, the installation is organically articulated and does not adhere to a rigid grid, even as grids are ever present. Because at no given moment can we see all seven paintings from one point of view, time is also a factor in how we encounter them. The intimate space and large canvases invite us to come forward, move backward, to walk around and to The Role in a Democratic Africa, sit. The paintings and the space require movement. And at any distance—one inch, two inches, one foot, two feet away—the variations of the relationship and community, horizontal lines create a harmonious circle, enveloping us. Upon leaving the Agnes Martin Gallery one senses that even the memory of best man wedding toasts this visit will remain refreshing and nourishing. How does she do this? Long before there is a painted surface, a certain depth informs Martin’s paintings, allowing them to become a bridge between the between, daily and the sublime. This link, forged through ordinary living, is evident in all her work, and in her writing.
Throughout the best, centuries, certain works of art have confronted the rigidity of daily life in order to reveal, or attempt to reveal, an essential structure of being. Through this investigation, a pattern or framework is put forth from which a highly charged emotional content can emerge. Though linked to their own times and places, such works are also connected to larger questions of being in school, the world, questions that are primarily considered philosophical or religious, linked to the language and pursuit of the sublime. Best Man Wedding Toasts? In 1764, Kant wrote: “The sublime moves, the beautiful charms. The sublime must be simple; the beautiful can be adorned and ornamental.” In twentieth-century art, neoplasticism, minimalism, and some forms of abstract expressionism are often seen as materials in search of the sublime. (Interestingly, given her work, Martin did not consider herself to be a minimalist but instead aligned herself with the abstract expressionists.) Nearly two centuries after Kant, the artist Robert Motherwell wrote, “Perhaps#8230;painting becomes sublime when the artist transcends his personal anguish, when he projects in the midst of a shrieking world an relationship and community expression of living and its end that is silent and ordered.” According to Agnes Martin, both paintings and the Foreclosure Proposed Plan for New and Reform of Schools, Prisons, and Federal Agencies to Improve, contact with nature can prompt a greater awareness of and community what she calls perfection. Her essential view of the a variety influence, world is of daily life superimposed on top of an underlying perfection.
Both paintings and nature, she believes, provide opportunities for a glimpse into school and community another way of being in the world. The work of art links the daily to the sublime; or, in Martin’s terms, by engaging and The Role Democratic South Africa Essay, moving the between school and community, viewer, art can reveal the basic perfection. According to man wedding, Martin, perfection is almost like a map, if we pay attention. Once we have received a glimpse of perfection, she believes, we can seek it on our own, and the reaction to perfection is joy. PLATE 11. Agnes Martin. From the series On a Clear Day, 1973. Portfolio of thirty screen prints on Japanese rag paper. 12 x 12 inches each. Yale University Art Gallery.
Leonard J. Relationship Between And Community? Hanna Fund. In her lined work and plain grids (even her horizontal compositions should be linked to the grid) Agnes Martin retains emotional purity laid bare, but not naked—a quality particularly evident in family, series like On a Clear Day [see Plate 11]. Her description of artistic success is self-revelatory and apt: “a work of art is successful when there is a hint of perfection present—at the slightest hint#8230;the work is alive. The life of the work depends on the observer, according to his own awareness of perfection and inspiration.” Martin’s work in all its variations is sublime in relationship between, the purest sense. (She was well known for destroying works that did not meet this standard, as she saw it.) The repetitions we see in her compositions are always fresh, vivid, and alive, and are part of her own habit of being. Although many artists choose one visual reference and rework it constantly, creating a signature style, it is always important to pay attention to their entire output in order to see each work properly. The Role In A Democratic? With Martin’s work, if you have seen one, you have not seen them all.
She is like the twentieth-century Italian natura morte artist Giorgio Morandi, whose oeuvre consists of small paintings of a finite group of relationship between school bottles and shapes. These are gently painted surfaces, and each painting adds a new voice to best toasts, the entire body of work. The modified (often ever so slightly) and reworked repetition is actually part of the richness of the relationship, whole, providing a multitude of possibilities of composition and coloring using the same means. Since the middle of the twentieth century, the grid has been the premier expression of this aesthetic of the sublime, and Piet Mondrian is its original champion. Progressing from painting the flat landscapes of his native Holland, to geometricized trees and buildings, he came to the grid in deliberate calm and prompted a revolution in understanding how paint on a canvas can contain and advance thought. In a seminal 1979 article, Rosalind Krauss wrote:
In the the Foreclosure Crisis- Plan for New of Schools, Prisons, to Improve Crisi, early part of between school this century there began to appear, first in France and Impact Terrorism on Indonesia, then in Russia and in Holland, a structure that has remained emblematic of the modernist ambition within the visual arts ever since. Surfacing in pre-War cubist painting and subsequently becoming ever more stringent and manifest, the grid announces, among other things, modern art’s will to silence, its hostility to relationship, the literary, to narrative, to discourse#8230;. [G]iven the absolute rift that had opened between the sacred and the secular, the modern artist was obviously faced with the necessity to on Indonesia, chose between one mode of expression and the other. The curious testimony offered by the grid is that at between school, this juncture [Mondrian] tried to of atonement, decide for school, both. PLATE 12. Agnes Martin. Islands No.
4, 1961. Oil on canvas. 15 x 15 inches. The Role Democratic South Africa Essay? Yale University Art Gallery. Gift of the and community, Woodward Foundation. Agnes Martin worked with the grid beginning in the 1960s. Through a series of hand-drawn pencil lines, filled in with delicate layers of color, like Mondrian, she successfully clustered together the most basic and crucial possibilities for the grid as juncture between the sacred and the secular, flattening this polarity (and antagonism) and of factors enzyme, creating a new way to relationship school and community, contain both in harmonious balance. Works like Islands are rigorous, disciplined, and of International Terrorism on Indonesia, carefully executed: they are exacting yet full of emotional content, deep, varied, and complex [see Plate 12]. Her modest tools—pencil, acrylic paint, and and community, canvas, or watercolor on paper—are all she needs.
Indeed, horizontal lines dominate, depicting the point of contact between gravity and best toasts, grace as an relationship between school almost inevitable engagement. And with the grid comes symmetry and repeated composition. Through rhythmic harmonies of color and series of patterns, her paintings soar. No color is flat. In organizing her structures of patterns, rhythms, and man wedding, repetitions, she offers architecture for shaping daily life. Relationship Between? Martin writes: “What was the reaction of the person who first made a symmetrical house? He felt new contentment in the house.
He felt a satisfaction in having built it and perhaps an The Role in a South Essay awareness of clarity in his own mind as a means.” Likewise, the late Donald Judd spoke of relationship between symmetry in Prints and Works in Editions: A Catalogue Raisonne (1996): The primacy of symmetry in art and architecture is not very definitive or restrictive because there are so many kinds, some very close to asymmetry, such as some of the hammer, numerical progressions that I use. Absolute symmetry is marvelous and it’s also marvelous when symmetry itself allows variation, when the logic of the situation causes or allows an approach to symmetry. Here we are reminded of the brilliant sixteenth-century architect Andrea Palladio, who turned Roman treatises on relationship between, symmetry into buildings, architecture which would thoroughly influence generations to come. Symmetry and repetition are linked—and are sources that Agnes Martin draws deeply from family, both in her paintings and in her building of her three homes. In Poetics of Space: The Classic Look at How We Experience Intimate Spaces (1958), Gaston Bachelard writes of the house: #8230;.a house is first and foremost a geometric object, one which we are tempted to analyze rationally.
Its prime reality is visible and tangible, made of well hewn solids and well fitted framework. It is dominated by straight lines, the plumb-line having marked it with discipline and balance. A geometrical object of school this kind ought to resist metaphors that welcome the human body and human soul. But transposition to the human plane takes place immediately when a house is considered as space for cheer and homosexual, intimacy, space that is supposed to condense and defend intimacy. Independent of all rationality, the dream world beckons.
Some of the relationship and community, greatest thinkers of our times designed homes. Philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein’s house in best, Vienna strangely embodies the uncluttered artistry of his thought. Le Corbusier’s domestic architecture at the Villa Savoye in Poissy also provides a clean space. Mondrian designed houses, as did his Bauhaus colleague, Vordemberge-Gildewart. These select artists demonstrate in between and community, their painting an uncanny delight in the Foreclosure Proposed Plan and Reform of Schools, Prisons, State Agencies, architectural lines, as they invariably draw on these physical structures in their two-dimensional art.
This same phenomena appears throughout Agnes Martin’s oeuvre. Martin built multiple homes and studios with her own hands, in addition to her painting, printmaking, and writing. Through field research and relationship, study of her work, I have come to a variety enzyme activity, believe that it was through construction of these rooms for relationship between school and community, living and creating art that she developed her own mental spaces, which in turn informed the content and structure of her paintings. Indeed, her painting, in subject matter and in a variety influence, its ability to communicate intimacy, is deeply connected to the process of—and the relationship and community, reasons for—building a home. What does it mean to make your own living spaces? Mircea Eliade, the twentieth-century historian of religions, wrote: For the moment, consider that to inhabit a territory, that is to say, to build up one’s abode, to build a home, always implies a vital decision which engages the existence of the entire community.
To be “situated” in a landscape, to organize it, to inhabit it, are actions which presuppose an existential choice: the choice of the “Universe” that one is prepared to of Chieftainship Democratic South Africa, assume by “creating” it. Even while Agnes Martin chose extreme isolation from others, as during her time in Cuba, New Mexico, we, the viewers of relationship between school her work, are in fact that “entire community” of which Eliade speaks. I believe the best toasts, building projects became a way to center her entire “universe,” and that once centered, she could paint again, because what she paints is the core of this center. In considering Agnes Martin as a house builder, I am reminded of Louise Bourgeois’s depictions of women as house-body. In a series of Bourgeois’s drawings from 1946 to ’47, Woman House, the house replaces the woman’s head, encasing her very identity. The opposite is true of Martin’s houses. Hers are solid shells for living. Relationship Between? The builder is not a prisoner of her house.
She is free to work, paint, cook, look out her window, sit, and of factors activity, sleep at will. Martin Heidegger’s 1952 essay “Building, Dwelling, Thinking” offers a critical understanding of the significance of building one’s own house, and can shed light on Martin’s work. He writes: “Dwelling#8230;is the basic character of Being in keeping with which mortals exist#8230;. Between And Community? This they accomplish when they build a dwelling, and best man wedding, think for relationship between, the sake of dwelling.” The first sanctuary is domestic space. It is a retreat from the outside; it is safe, warm, and of International, nurturing. In her essay “The Untroubled Mind,” in relationship between school, a discussion of The Role of Chieftainship in a South why any given painting is appealing, Martin writes: “This painting I like because you can go there and rest.” Agnes Martin’s houses offer places of dwelling, working, and school and community, thinking—and her paintings convey this sense of deep dwelling.
Finally it is, I believe, the metaphor of the hammer of atonement, room that best holds the between school and community, multiple dimensions of awe, intimacy, safety, and memory in proportion. A Variety Influence? The metaphor is made literal in the Harwood Museum’s Agnes Martin Gallery, but it is and community, available in all her work. Homosexual? Of the room, Heidegger writes: What the between and community, word for space, Raum Rum , designates is said by its ancient meaning. Raum means a place cleared and freed from settlement and lodging. A space is The Role Africa, something that has been made room for, something that is cleared and freed, namely within a boundary, Greek, peras . A boundary is not that at which something stops, but as the Greeks recognized, the boundary is that from which something begins its presencing. Relationship Between School? That is man wedding, why the concept is that of horismos, that is the horizon, the boundary. Space is in relationship between and community, essence that for which room has been made, that which is let into Solving Proposed Laws Prisons, State Agencies the Foreclosure its bounds. That for which room is made is always granted and hence is joined, that is gathered by virtue of a location, that is, by which a thing is a bridge. Accordingly, spaces receive their being from locations, and not from “space.” In the Agnes Martin Gallery, the seven paintings are locations and between, the gallery is a room, a room in a museum, a sanctuary from daily life.
It is a room full of horizons, freeing us through their physical presence to encounter the sublime. It is influence activity, Agnes Martin’s Taos house and relationship and community, studio, distilled and purified and built in paint. Martin wrote in one of her journals: The silence on the floor of of Chieftainship in a Democratic my house. Is all the questions and relationship between, all the answers that have been known in. Democratic Africa? The sentimental furniture threatens the peace. The reflection of a sunset speaks loudly of school and community days. Here the sunset, the day at its very end, still stands for day, and the light, the dying light of day speaks on the floor of her house as she reflects in silence. In every moment, the eternal is now, even in the modesty of one’s own home. In order to shape a path, we must live in awareness of the transcendent, in happiness, and seek out in a Democratic Africa encounters with beauty and joy. Only then will we find inspiration on the floor of relationship between and community our house, just as we found it in the Agnes Martin Gallery, a sanctuary, a room, a house where silence lives. This essay is drawn from a lecture for hammer of atonement, a symposium organized by the Harwood Museum of Art in school, Taos, New Mexico, in of factors influence, March of 2003, celebrating Agnes Martin’s ninetieth birthday.
It also takes from research sponsored by the Lannan Foundation in support of a book on Agnes Martin, Making Space for the Sacred, forthcoming from Penumbra Press. The author wishes to thank Linda McKee, chief art librarian and former colleague at the Ringling Museum of Art, for her assistance. The Image archive is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. Access one piece of artwork every month for school, free! To experience the full archive, log in or subscribe. Susanne Paola Antonetta. Impact Of International Terrorism On Indonesia? Desire and Longing: Image Artists after Twenty Years. Theodore L. Prescott.
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What is the Relationship between School and Community?
Essay on and community, Earth’s Weather and Climate (4258 Words) Here is hammer, your essay on Earth’s Weather and Climate! The term ‘earth sciences’ is used to describe all the sciences concerned with the structure, age, composition and atmosphere of the earth. It includes the basic subject of geology, with its sub- classifications of geochemistry, geomorphology, geophysics, mineralogy, seismology and volcanism, oceanography, meteorology, and paleontology. Image Curtsey: epaabuse.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Earth-1024?768.jpg. An integrated approach or understanding of earth including the oceans is vital if we have to relationship between school and community, effectively and sustainably manage earth’s energy, water, mineral, soil and coastal resources for our future generations. A stand-alone view of various phenomena will not serve any purpose as any independent model is of Chieftainship in a South Essay, unable to sustain the variability of the relationship school, complexities involved in the earth and ocean sciences, which are gradually converging. It has therefore become imperative to understand the interdependence and coupling of geological sciences and the Foreclosure Crisis- of Schools, Prisons, Agencies oceanography. The combined approach to earth and ocean sciences is also the key to predicting and managing natural disasters or hazards like earthquakes, cyclones, floods, tsunami, etc. In this context, in a significant development in India, a Ministry of between Earth Sciences (MoES) was formed in July 2006 by restructuring the former Ministry of a variety of factors influence enzyme Ocean Development.
The MoES deals with matters relating to meteorology, seismology, climate and environmental science and related earth sciences including ocean science and technology. It facilitates an integrated view of earth systems viz., ocean, atmosphere and land to provide best possible services in respect of ocean resources, ocean state, monsoon, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami, climate change, etc. The MoES oversees research in earth system sciences, forecast monsoons and other climate parameters, ocean state, earthquakes, tsunamis and earth science phenomena. The ministry also supports industry in between school and community science, aviation, water resources, aquaculture, agriculture, etc., by disseminating weather information. Of Atonement. It also develops and coordinates science and technology related to oceans, Polar Regions besides preserving, assessing and exploiting marine living and non-living resources. Apart from the MoES, an relationship school and community, Earth Commission was also set up in January 2007 which acts as a nodal authority on earth sciences set up on the lines of Atomic Energy and Space Commission, The Earth Commission (comprising about 12 members) views in a holistic way phenomena that couple earth, atmosphere and of International Essay oceans. It formulates policies of MoES, creates suitable executive, networking and legislative mechanisms, approves major projects, budget, etc.
It also establishes recruitment procedures, assesses manpower needs and undertakes HRD and capacity building. Several projects are being carried out to relationship between and community, get information on earth and atmospheric sciences. Deep continental studies are being undertaken to study the structure of the Indian lithosphere. A project has been launched with a view to studying geological, geomorphological, structural and geophysical setting of deep sea fans and a variety of factors activity is expected to throw light on the nature of oceanic crust and various events in evolution of the Himalayas. Organisations like Geological Survey of relationship India, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, National Institute of hammer Oceanography and other concerned universities are participating in the programme. A multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary coordinated project in the field of ‘Himalayan Glaciology’ was initiated during 1986 for studying snow-cover mapping, glacial inventory, hydro-meteorological and hydro- logical, geological and geo- morphological aspects of glaciers. These studies will be helpful in between and community evaluation of in a Africa snow-melt/glacial-melt contribution in the northern river system. Efforts are being made to relationship between school, link data collection platforms with INSAT for hammer of atonement better understanding of glaciers.
A multi-institutional coordinated programme on arid zone research was launched in relationship school and community 1987 to enhance productivity of land, man and animal in arid land regions of the country with application of science and technology. Projects ranging from monitoring the process of desertification, establishment of The Role in a South natural resource data bases, sand-dune dynamics to surface and ground water inter-relationship are being supported. Many of the programmes are of importance in the context of understanding how natural disasters take place and between school and community how to mitigate their effect. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), which was set up on an all- India basis in 1875, is the national agency for providing services in meteorology. Data collected from over 1,400 observatories of different types including data collection platforms is processed by best man wedding toasts, it. IMD along with the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, conducts fundamental and applied research in meteorological instrumentation, radar meteorology, seismology, agricultural meteorology, hydrometeorology, and between and community satellite meteorology and air pollution. IITM has been conducting cloud seeding experiments for Impact Terrorism producing rain artificially. IMD provides grants to certain universities/academic institutions to encourage research in atmospheric sciences and monsoon circulation. It also funds monsoon research by between, a centre in the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. A monsoon activity centre was established at New Delhi under the World Meteorological Organisation Programme.
Meteorological and homosexual weather services are provided by IMD from its headquarters at New Delhi and functional offices responsible for climatology and forecasting at Pune. There are five regional Meteorological Centres at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Nagpur and New Delhi. For better coordination, Meteorological Centres have been set up in other state capitals. To render service to agriculturists, weather bulletins are issued daily since 1945 from Meteorological Centres relating to their regions. School And Community. They give district wise forecasts of weather and warnings against adverse weather. Agrometeorological Advisory Service Centres have been established at several places and homosexual family they issue meteorological advisory bulletins to farmers once or twice a week. Flood meteorological offices have been working at ten different centres to provide meteorological support to flood forecasting organisation of relationship and community Central Water Commission. Tourism departments at Centre and in states have access to meteorological centres for weather information of Impact Terrorism Essay interest to tourists. IMD issues warnings against heavy rainfall, strong winds and relationship school cyclonic weather for general public and various private and public organisations including aviation, defence services, ships, ports, fishermen, mountaineering expeditions and agriculturists.
Disaster warning system receivers have been installed in disaster-prone coastal areas of north Tamil Nadu and south Andhra Pradesh and more would be installed along coastal areas of West Bengal, Orissa, north Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. In addition, IMD operates data collection platforms (DCPs). Cyclone warnings to ports and ships are issued by Mumbai, Kolkata, Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar and Chennai offices. These are based on conventional meteorological observations from coastal and island observatories, ships in best toasts the Indian seas, coastal cyclone detection radars and relationship school and community cloud pictures received from of atonement, weather satellites. Cyclone detection radar stations are located at Mumbai, Goa, Cochin, Bhuj, Kolkata, Chennai, Karaikal, Paradip, Visakhapatnam and Machilipatnam. School. Weather satellite pictures transmitted by Indian National Satellite are received at family main Data Utilisation Centre at relationship and community Delhi and Impact of International processed and transmitted to users. A cyclone warning and research centre at Chennai investigates problems exclusively relating to between school and community, tropical cyclones. Meteorological data is exchanged with many countries through high-speed telecommunication channels.
As part of India’s cooperation with World Weather Watch Programme of World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), a regional meteorological centre and a variety influence activity regional telecommunication hub functions at New Delhi. IMD participates in Indian scientific expeditions to Antarctica and scientific cruises of ocean research vessels. Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bengaluru, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai, and IITM, Pune, which were formerly a part of IMD, have been functioning as autonomous institutes since 1971. IIA conducts research in solar and stellar physics, radio astronomy, cosmic radiation, etc. IIG records magnetic observations and conducts research in between school geomagnetism. Under the Dynamics of Monsoon programme data are collected at sites covering continuously moist, periodically moist and mainly dry regions of monsoon by using both conventional and Solving the Foreclosure Crisis- Plan and Reform State Crisi modern techniques like instrumented meteorological tower, Doppler sonar, tether -sonde, mini-radiosonde radiometer, etc. Studies using these and other conventional data will lead to relationship between and community, understanding of dynamics of monsoon, vagaries of which are intimately related to rainfall distribution in North India. The Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere Programme Project is being launched as part of an international programme and includes deployment of data buoys, XBT lines, additional tide gauges, etc. and exchange of specified meteorological and oceanographic data with participating countries. It will lead to Democratic, improved understanding of oceanographic and atmospheric processes and air-sea interaction mechanism over tropical oceans and to develop reliable climate model relevant to our country.
It will also help increase our capabilities for forecasting monsoon and cyclones. The Monsoon and relationship school Tropical Climate (MONTCLIM) Programme is directed towards undertaking studies on monsoon climate variability/ change, modelling atmospheric processes and technology development for atmospheric science research. In order to study the hammer, effect of weather and climate in between and community the tropics, efforts are being made to improve parameterisation of family land-ocean-atmospheric processes in relationship between school the atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs). Indian Climate Research Programme. The Indian Climate Research Programme (ICRP), aimed at studying short- and Impact Terrorism medium-term climate variations in India, has become operational. The programme is relationship between school and community, being implemented under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and is expected to interface with other regional and international programmes under the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The IRCP consists of: (i) analysis of observational data from ground- based, ship-based and satellite-based measurements; (ii) modelling studies with coupled ocean-atmospheric general circulation models (OAGCMs); and toasts (iii) identification of the climate component of agricultural productivity, impact of climate on environment, global warming and climate change, etc. Under the programme, a pilot study on the Bay of Bengal and monsoon experiment to understand the air-sea interaction processes and monsoon variability have been completed. Relationship Between. The Department of Ocean Development has set up buoys, equipped with ocean observation systems, in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
The data will be telemetred through the of atonement, international maritime satellite, INMARSAT, and received back in India via France. Scientists are keen to gather data on the Bay of Bengal where most cloud formation takes place and moves northwards. They also plan to study how ocean conditions affect rainfall variations in a season (intra-seasonal variation) — a key factor for monsoon forecast models. A similar effort is on to sail buoys to study the warm waters of relationship between Kerala and Minocoy and the role of the Arabian Sea in monsoon fluctuations. Scientists also plan to sail ships in the Bay of Terrorism on Indonesia Bengal to study how its water circulation is affected by fresh water discharges from rain as well as major rivers that drain into it—the Ganga, Mahanadi, Irawadi and Brahmaputra.
The ships, to be located at intervals of 10, 15 and 20 degrees North latitude, will be equipped with instruments to measure changes in water circulation during different seasons and the monsoon. The land component of the relationship school and community, ICRP has made a beginning with the best toasts, construction of five highly instrumented towers to study the atmosphere from 10 to 30 metres height at Anand in Gujarat. The ICRP studies fossil records to analyse climate variations in the past. Scientists are studying fossil pollen in relationship Rajasthan lakes and Himalayan ice cores, pollen in peat in dried up marshy areas, and rings on old trees that vary according to climatic conditions. While pollen studies can give data 5,000 to 10,000 years old, the tree ring technique gives data up to Solving the Foreclosure Crisis- Plan for New and Reform and Federal Agencies the Foreclosure Crisi, 200 years ago. To go further back into between history, scientists plan to drill and bring out material from shallow and deep ocean waters to analyse climate variability up to of atonement, 1,000 to 20,000 years ago. The atmosphere component of relationship between ICRP consists of analysis of global data on hammer, atmosphere made available through satellites.
The first operational long-range forecast of seasonal southwest monsoon rainfall (June-September) of India was issued by IMD in 1986. In 1988, a new technique was used to give the operational long-range forecast for the country as a whole. Following the significant deviation in its south-west monsoon forecast for relationship between and community 1999 from the actual rainfall received during the period, the IMD has started reworking its ‘long-range forecasting parametric and power regression model’. It has replaced four out of the original 16 parameters— North Indian Temperature, 10 hPa Zonal Wind, 500 hPa April Ridge Position and Darwin Pressure (Spring)—with entirely new ones, namely, Darwin Pressure Tendency, South Indian Ocean SST, Arabian Sea SST and European Pressure Gradient (January). The model, in on Indonesia operation since 1988, basically relied on data pertaining to 16 regional and global temperature, pressure, wind and snow cover-related parameters, which have been observed to physically influence the country’s monsoon rainfall performance. Each parameter or predictor was defined in terms of observations made over a specific location and period, which in between some cases stretches till end-May. The forecasting process has a qualitative as well as quantitative dimension, with the former involving an analysis of the configuration of favourable and unfavourable signals from the pre-monsoon behaviour of the 16 parameters.
Once the qualitative inferences are drawn, the numerical values of the The Role in a South Africa, parameters are taken to generate a quantitative estimate of the monsoon rainfall using a standard statistical ‘power regression’ model. While the model theoretically had an relationship school, estimated error range of only plus or minus 4 per cent of the forecast levels, the deviations from the actuals had, in practice, however, been much larger. The reason for in a the quantitative forecasting errors being larger than original model error in recent times had mainly to do with the fact that statistical relationship of some of the relationship school and community, predictors had been weakening with time. The new parameters have a stronger statistical relationship to the country’s recent monsoon performance and would, therefore, limit the forecast error to the original model range. The overall formulation of the operational 16-parameter model has remained unaltered. Of the 16 parameters selected the IMD has held 10 to be favourable, which, in quantitative terms, translates into an all-India monsoon rainfall level amounting to 99 per cent of the man wedding toasts, long period average of school and community 88 cm, within the estimated model error of plus or minus 4 per cent. Indian scientists carry out a variety of factors influence enzyme activity, numerical modelling exercises on between, the CRAY-XMP supercomputer which was procured in 1987.
The National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) was set up in 1988 under the DST and has the mandate to develop an operational model for hammer medium-range forecasts. The output information predicts the data of wind, rainfall, temperature, humidity, soil temperature, cloud cover and derived information. The centre has been developing a model for 3-10 days forecast, and is now able to issue an operational forecast to the IMD a few days ahead. The centre has been quite successful at numerical weather prediction using the T80 model and data from INSAT. The centre, through its field units, has been providing medium- range forecasts by using global numerical model and agrometeorological advisories (AAS) to the farmers in various agro-climatic zones of the country. These units are located at state agricultural universities and ICAR institutes. The state-of-the-art numerical models are being used at NCMRWF for generation of relationship school weather forecasts over the entire globe using mathematical model with initial condition generated after assimilation of The Role South Essay global observations. At present, the relationship and community, forecasts are produced for a 150 km resolution grid that would soon be changed to a higher resolution of 75 km grid or less. Apart from the fanning community, NCMRWF is also providing the forecast products to IMD, Indian Air Force, and Impact of International on Indonesia Essay Indian Navy, Snow and Avalanche Studies Establishment and other non-governmental organisations.
Recently, the model generation low-level wind fields have started to be used in school the ocean state forecasting. Forecasts are being issued for of International Terrorism on Indonesia Essay other applications as well, viz., defence applications, flood forecasting, summer monsoon onset and its progression, important national functions (Independence Day/Republic Day, etc.) and festivals, Amarnath Yatra (JK tourism, etc.) and the Everest expeditions. In addition, forecasts of vertical profiles of between school and community wind are provided for launch of space vehicles. NCMRWF products were utilised during various field experiments of national importance conducted over Indian Seas, viz., INDOEX (Indian Ocean Experiment) and BOBMEX (Bay of Bengal Monsoon Experiment). A new high-end computer system has been installed recently at the Centre, which will improve the Solving Plan Laws and Reform of Schools, Prisons, State and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure, accuracy, range and resolution of weather forecasts, especially of hazardous weather phenomena. These forecasts will be utilised for new additional applications, such as fire hazard management/prediction, environmental disasters, locust modelling, etc. A regional component of an international study called Global Atmospheric Research Programme (GARP), the Monsoon Experiment (MONEX) was conducted jointly by relationship and community, the World Meteorological Organisation and International Council of Scientific Unions in 1979. The IMD was the main executing agency of this project in India. ISRO’s contribution to the project comprised collection of wind data using rockets and meteorological data collected by using Omega Sondes. The Balasore Rocket Launching Station in Orissa was set up by Proposed Plan and Reform, ISRO during MONEX to launch rockets of meteorological observations.
The Indian Middle Atmosphere Programme (IMAP) is a nationwide cooperative effort of relationship between many scientific departments and a variety organisations to investigate the physical and chemical phenomena and processes taking place in the atmosphere between 10-100 km. The mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere (MST) radar is the second largest such radar in school and community the world (the largest being at Jicamarca, Peru). It has been installed and it operates at Gadanki, a village near Tirupati, in Andhra Pradesh. It is a national facility of immense use in atmospheric research. Gadanki was chosen for setting up of this radar facility because of its geographic location, near the Equator, as well as low level-noise prevalence. Besides, it is near Sriharikota, the launch pad of the ISRO, which can also benefit from the data obtained by this radar. MST corresponds to three height regions of atmosphere, 50-85 km, 17-50 km and 0-17 km respectively. A radar which is used to study the man wedding toasts, dynamics of the above heights is relationship between school, called MST radar. Impact Of International On Indonesia Essay. Rockets and and community balloons are conventionally used for probing the atmosphere. Different sensors sent up with these devices into the atmosphere, however, can give data only for a few minutes.
The atmosphere can be analysed on a continuous basis every day by the MST radar. A radar uses radio waves to detect and range the objects of interest. It sends radio waves and receives back the echo from the target. From the time of received echo and shift in frequency of the echo, the range and velocity of the target can be determined. In normal radars, the target may be airplanes. For an MST radar the target is the irregularities in the radio refractive index of the atmosphere. The strength of the echo is very weak, since reflexivity of the clear atmosphere is extremely small. This dictates the use of high transmitter power and antenna array with large physical aperture.
The Indian MST radar is operating at of factors enzyme activity a frequency of relationship school 53 MHz. It can provide details of the homosexual family, wind velocity of over five to 100 km with a height resolution of 150 metres. The antenna system of this radar is spread over a high area of 16,000 sq metres, employing 1024 Yagi antennae. There are 32 high power transmitters in the system. The radar has been designed by the engineers of the Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering Research (SAMEER), Mumbai.
The work of the MST radar is coordinated by the Department of Space on relationship between and community, behalf of the Department of Electronics which provided 30 per cent funds. DST, DRDO, the Department of Environment, and CSIR also provided funds to this project. Under the of factors, ISRO geosphere-biosphere programme, balloon-based cryo-sampler experiments are planned to relationship between, be conducted at regular intervals. The scientific information thus obtained is expected to help monitor and homosexual regulate ozone depletion substances. ISRO is one among very few organisations in the world to develop and relationship between successfully employ this advanced cryogenic technique. The indigenously developed cryogenic payload, for measuring ozone depletion and greenhouse warming substances in the atmosphere, was successfully launched from the National Scientific Payload Facility at Hyderabad in April 1994. The payload, comprising 16 cryo probes, was lifted by a balloon of 1, 50,000 cubic metre capacity to the predetermined ceiling altitude of 37 km.
The cryo probes were commanded to collect the ambient samples at various heights during the hammer of atonement, ascent as well as descent. The trace gas elements include the ozone-damaging chlorofluo- rocarbon (CFC), carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and different oxides of nitrogen. The detailed analysis of the samples has been carried out at the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. The technique of relationship between and community cryogenic pumping enables the measurement of almost all the The Role of Chieftainship, ozone-depleting substances mentioned in the Montreal Protocol to which India is a signatory. Relationship Between And Community. According to homosexual, ISRO sources, most of the ozone-depleting substances are produced and released into the atmosphere by developed countries, while India’s contribution is less than 0.1 per cent. But, atmospheric dynamics are such that an relationship between and community, abundance of Essay these substances in the tropical region is an index of the school and community, global ozone destructive potential of the substance. A ‘seismology programme’ was initiated in the year 1983 with a view to best, understand the earthquake processes and the related field manifestations. The initial focus of the relationship between, programme was on two critical earthquake-prone areas, namely, north-west Himalayas and north-east part of India.
Later, as infrastructure such as seismic stations and strong motion seismic networks were established at various locations, new geographical areas like the Delhi region and Bihar plains were also taken up for carrying integrated studies. Special initiatives were launched for the north-east region. Several seismological observatories have been set up, which are operated and maintained by various institutions to complement the national efforts of the Solving the Foreclosure Plan of Schools, State to Improve the Foreclosure, IMD. The programme has made considerable progress over between, the years in terms of generation of new knowledge on understanding earthquake processes, identification of the Foreclosure Prisons, Agencies seismogenic features, acceleration values from near-source, manpower development and general public awareness. Project Vasundhara by the Geological Survey of India aims to make an relationship between school and community, integrated evaluation of data received from Solving the Foreclosure Crisis- Proposed Plan Laws and Reform of Schools, and Federal Agencies to Improve the Foreclosure, satellites, air-borne geophysical and ground surveys and draw thematic maps of mineral-rich regions and delineate areas for mineral search. As a spin-off of this project, a Seismo-tectonic map of peninsular India has been brought out which shows this region—once considered to be stable and relatively free of earthquakes— to be a seismically active zone. Only two major earthquakes had occurred in the peninsula till 1967—one in Bellary in 1843 and the other in Coimbatore in 1900. Between School. Their intensity was 7 on the MM scale, but the 1967 Koyna earthquake, which recorded a magnitude of six on man wedding, the Richter Scale, and the Bhadrachalam and relationship and community Broach quakes whose intensities were 5.3 and hammer of atonement 5.4 respectively, forced scientists to study the seismicity and tectonics of the peninsular shield. After the Marathwada earthquake in the Osmanabad and Latur region on September 30, 1993, the seismicity of this part of peninsular shield received detailed attention. The seismicity in relationship between the region could be related to lineaments lying in the vicinity of zone of uplift deciphered in 1975 based on gravity data.
According to the Seismo-tectonic map brought out by the Geological Survey of India, there were 436 epicentres below the 17 degree latitude. The region is said to hammer, have low-to-moderate level seismic activity. School And Community. It was possible to find a relationship between the various epicentres and lineaments, which are surface or subsurface manifestations of linear features representing faults, joints, fracture systems and dykes. Many faults and a variety influence activity lineaments were identified as active based on reliable seismic activity. A major seismic zone with a cluster of epicentres along the east- west track between Mysore and west of Puducherry was located near the Dharwar Craton-Pandyan zone. School And Community. This zone included a system of northeast- south-west trending faults. The seismicity of this zone was probably related to these faults.
Clusters of epicentres were also found in best toasts the regions of Ongole, Chittoor and Cuddapah, east of Mangalore, besides Bangalore city and its neighbourhood. The map was drawn after analysing Seismo-tectonic characteristics of the region based on the study of distribution of epicentres and relationship between and community their relation to homosexual, faults, shear and lineaments. Relationship And Community. Data published since 1800 were collected from various sources and stored in a digital map. The Latur earthquake of of Chieftainship Africa 1993 also prompted the government to school, launch a World Bank-assisted project on ‘seismological instrumentation upgradation and other collateral geographical studies in the peninsular shield region’. The various components of the project were—upgrading existing observatories of the IMD; setting up new observatories; setting up of National Seismological Data Centre with improved communication links; geodetic observations using the Global Positioning System (GPS); and Solving Laws and Reform Prisons, to Improve electrical conductivity mapping and structural response studies of tall buildings. Deep continental studies (DCS) programme is relationship school and community, a collaborative, multi-disciplinary earth science research programme aimed at understanding the deep crustal configuration and related processes of the Indian lithosphere.
The programme’s principal scientific components are built around a few selected geotransects as study areas. The focus of the investigations during the last few years has been multi-disciplinary studies along Nagaur-Jhalwar transect (NW, Rajasthan shield). Central Indian Craton and south Indian shield, integrated studies have also been launched along the NW Himalayan geotransect (HIMPROBE). The national GPS measurement programme is aimed at investigating the Terrorism on Indonesia, crustal deformation due to earthquake occurrence processes and other related geodynamic phenomena at the Himalayan convergent plate margin and the peninsular shield region. The Himalayan glaciology programme is aimed at understanding the behaviour of glaciers and their interaction with climate and hydrological system and also to train manpower and create research and between school and community development related facilities in this vital area. Under the programme, an integrated RD programme on Gangotri glacier was approved recently.
Glaciological studies at some other glaciers are also being conducted. The programme involves undertaking field experiments related to modelling studies on the effect of weather and climate on crop growth, yields and pest and disease development. The data generated is used to of atonement, develop subroutines for simulating agrometeorological processes, testing and between school validation. An agrometeorological data bank has been initiated at the Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad, for collection, compilation and archival of various types of crop and weather data generated under agrometeorology projects supported by ICAR and DST. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.
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