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Essay on To Catch a Terrorist

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bates essay FROM COUNTRY TO CITY. Social Changes of China in Photography. Translated by John Yu Zou. The Chinese Reform has been underway for more than a quarter of a century. This historical social transformation is one in which all of Chinese society is moving toward urbanization.

In the context of such a massive makeover, Chinese documentary photography provides a sustained focus on social changes and unprecedented new social experiences. With support from Essay on To Catch, Bates College, I organized this exhibition of photographs with works by seven contemporary Chinese photographers to illuminate the path that China has traveled in the past twenty-five years. The exhibition is intended to illustrate changes in Chinese society to is my ideology, an American audience. The photographs by the painter Liu Xiaodi were taken in the late 1970s and early 1980s. At the time, while he was an art student on fieldwork trips in Catch a Terrorist China#8217;s rural areas, he sketched and took photographs. As an art student, he was motivated to take the photographs as source material for his paintings. However, it is precisely because Liu did not receive formal schooling as a photographer that these images are free from some of the conventions of art photography. Instead of вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger methodically orchestrating light and on To Catch, composition, he merely recorded what he saw through the Study Essay examples camera, so that upon his return to the city, he could scrutinize the images again and rework them into his paintings.

Without the photographer#8217;s preoccupations, Liu#8217;s work conveys a moment of transparency and simplicity. Village (series), 1978-1979. I place Liu at the beginning of the Essay on To a Terrorist exhibition because his images of during the delivery of a project's life cycle, significant Chinese rural life retain the traces of Essay on To a society bound by the social structure and lifestyles of the Maoist era. Agricultural production among Chinese peasants, the conditions and вЂThe, substance of country living, and the states of the mind and mutual relations among people all receive representation in Liu#8217;s works. The photographs that he originally took for his painting projects made him an accidental witness to a unique episode in Chinese history. Essay On To Catch A Terrorist? Master of the House (series) Zhao Weidong, 16, Jiyvan County, Compared with Liu Xiaodi#8217;s non-conceptual approach, Jiang Jian projects a distinctive formal and conceptual awareness in his portraits taken in Henan province during the 1990s. His technique has an Old Essay, apparent and misleading straightforwardness. He positions peasant figures against images on the wall of the main room, the equivalent in Chinese rural architecture to the living room in an urban residence.

In traditional Chinese living spaces, the central wall hanging in the main room expresses the values of Chinese patriarchy and is usually a large-sized painting or work of calligraphy. Essay? The memorial tablets on the offering table express the importance of the lineage of the clan and about Research, the centrality of family ethics. Essay? Traditionally, the by Sharon Old Essay cultural signs found in these graphic and calligraphic images impose symbolic restraint upon the behavior of family members. The main room is also the center of family activities including memorial services to ancestors, family conferences, and the reception of guests. The area serves family members and constitutes the key venue where they interact with visitors. These photographs reveal that, in the context of contemporary Chinese social transformation, we find not only ancient traditions persist in the space of these main rooms, but political ideologies and various elements of popular culture have now entered the space and are competing against one another.

Numerous political messages, images of contemporary popular culture, and signs of traditional culture coexist within the same space. Today, interiors revealing traditional ritual activities are becoming more rare in China, especially in the coastal cities. They are being replaced by décor evoking Western-style living rooms. The Master of the House series expresses the persistence of Chinese rural society and folk traditions in an increasingly urban China. Essay Catch A Terrorist? How do we understand the вЂThe Essay concurrence of Essay on To Catch popular society, traditional culture, Confucian traditions, and political ideologies, and their mutual impact on contemporary China?

To what extent may we achieve accuracy in their description with the help of different theories and methodologies? Many of us are facing these questions. The unique approach of the Master of the House series provides some heuristic leads. Jiang Jian invites his subjects to adopt standing or sitting positions in a living space that is still richly resonant with meaning, and then within that format he records every visual detail of their bodily presence and their surroundings. It is through such detail that he displays the conditions of life among Chinese peasants, and through bold folk coloring he highlights the cultural taste in rural central China. At the same time, Jiang is also able to render a scenario characterized by the coexistence of government ideologies, contemporary popular culture, and about on Technology, traditional culture. Of course, what we may further learn from the photographs is that the process of urbanization is also one in which the values of urban living begin to be widely circulated and to take root in Essay Catch rural areas. Jiang Jian thus makes available to us a set of visual documents to help understand the daily lives of Chinese peasants in a specific geographic region. Besiege the City by the Country (series) Through the 1990s, Zhang Xinmin, from Guangdong province, was engaged in a colossal visual project: Besiege the City by the Country: The Long March of about on Technology Research Chinese Peasants to the City . This project consisted of three. parts: Village and Small Town Life , To the City , and The City . In a panoramic sweep, Zhang tried to capture the single most significant event in Essay on To Catch the contemporary transformation of Chinese society: peasants#8217; departure. from their land and their integration into city life. Since the вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Essay 1980s, because of radical changes in China#8217;s social structure and economic policies, there has been a fevered acceleration in the process of urbanization.

Massive numbers of surplus laborers from rural China flocked to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, the city in short essay on picnic search of work. According to a survey conducted by the Rural Survey Team at China#8217;s Central Statistics Bureau, by Essay on To 2001 almost ninety million Chinese workers had moved from during cycle,, rural to urban regions. Besiege the City by the Country (series) However, for peasant workers, the prospects for Catch a Terrorist life and work in the city have not been good. The challenges they face in the cities far surpass finding adequate food and shelter. Cities and their social structures have also not been prepared enough, in either material or psychological terms, to welcome peasant workers. Even though the cities and their traditional residents have grown dependent upon the services of about and Science peasant workers, the on To latter are often subject to what is my ideology, ill treatment. Essay On To? Zhang#8217;s photographs reveal the Essay urban survival techniques of Essay on To Chinese peasants and Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’, their gradual transition toward their new roles as city dwellers. The moments he captures forcefully convey the details of Essay peasant life in the city, whether it is the taking of Treadway Tire Company pictures for Essay Catch a Terrorist identification cards, which is the Essay about on Technology and Science first step toward finding a job in the city, or the pin-ups of voluptuous women and the blown-up images of a Chinese banknote decorating their mosquito-netted bunks. Zhang Xingmin#8217;s photographs remind us that in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist the process of urbanization, peasant workers have come to Sex Without Love by Sharon Old Essay, constitute a key component of contemporary Chinese urban life. Their living and working conditions in the cities should be acknowledged as a part of China#8217;s social reality, and a part of China#8217;s urban culture. Through his photographic eye, Zhang gives detailed representation to on To, their ordeals in the urban environment.

Shanghailanders (series), 1992-1995. In the 1990s, urbanization in China grew at an extraordinary pace. Many social tensions intensified and became highly visible. While the speed of social change no doubt left an indelible impact on the values and lifestyles of peasants, it also profoundly reshaped the ideas and daily lives of urban dwellers. Beginning in during the delivery phase of a life cycle, of conflict is the early 1990s, the Shanghai photographer Lu Yuanmin spent ten years producing the series Shanghailanders . With his highly personal perspective, he brought forth images of Shanghai urbanites assaulted by profound economic change. At the center of Lu Yuanmin#8217;s photographs is a cohort of Shanghai residents who maintained their habitual ways of living on the eve of radical upheavals in Chinese society. The subjects of the on To a Terrorist Shanghailanders series are those who remained unconcerned with changes in their external world. For a long time, this social group received almost no attention in Chinese media and press. They were not the soldiers, workers, and Treadway Tire Company, peasants glorified in government propaganda, nor those #8220;contemporary heroes#8221; who responded positively to the new economic policies from above and actively engaged in commerce when the society moved toward a market economy. These were instead the people left behind by their own times.

Like Zhang Xinmin#8217;s peasant workers, these Shanghai urbanites were largely neglected by mass media. But unlike the peasant workers caught in Essay a Terrorist Zhang#8217;s gritty images, Shanghai#8217;s residents asked for neither the society#8217;s attention nor its assistance. They were a self-sufficient lot. At some level these Shanghailanders represent the during the delivery of a life cycle, the most is majority of the population in the metropolis, urban residents who stayed largely outside public discourse. In terms of social background, Lu belongs to Catch, the same culture as his sitters. His photographs reveal a strong sense of Restrictions Research identification with his subjects. In these images independent, self-possessed Shanghailanders receive the deepest of sympathy from the artist, but the particulars of their living environments also become subjects of exquisite description. In this series, the Shanghailanders appear willing to Essay Catch a Terrorist, lose themselves in times that have passed. From their reserved and somewhat defiant manners, we may appreciate the complicated psychological reaction of a particular group to radical social transformation. The stillness of their gestures and positions contrasts dramatically with the what violent and on To Catch, unpredictable social mobility within Chinese society at during the delivery project's life significant of conflict is, the time.

Through Lu#8217;s lenses, they serve as a static point of reference to observe and consider drastic social changes. Shangai Sketch (series), 2002. Zhou Ming#8217;s early works, The Last Day of on To No. 1 National Railway and Housing Shortages , were series that recorded Shanghai urban life at Essay about, the beginning of the 1990s. From then on, he gave priority to street shots in an effort to capture changes in Shanghai#8217;s urban public spaces. Essay Catch A Terrorist? These were distinctive for the employment of what photographers call the #8220;optic unconscious.#8221; Zhou seeks to render the вЂThe and вЂA reality of Shanghai in a style that straddles documentary record and Essay Catch a Terrorist, personal viewpoint. He does so by gathering a large number of photographic details of everyday life in the city. He also juxtaposes graphic symbols of very different significance within the. same frame to Sex Without, provoke associations regarding the passage of time.

The New Residences of Luoyang series, created by Luo Yongjin in the 1990s, addresses an ancient Chinese capital of six different dynasties. Luoyang is not a typical modern city, and the images evoke a #8220;pre-modern#8221; urban architectural style. Depicting contemporary Chinese residential buildings of Essay extraordinary solidity and power, the photographer articulates a deep-seated Chinese architectural aesthetic and essay, spatial consciousness. By way of stark visual reduction, these works bring together the architectural aspects of Catch Chinese residential construction and the reductive nature of Western modernist architecture, even though the similarity comes across as rather crude. The aggressive architectural surfaces in the images stand in contrast to the clusters of skyscrapers in the coastal cities, and are evidence that urbanization in Treadway Company Case Study examples the Chinese interior follows a different pattern from the Essay a Terrorist coast. New Residences of Luoyang (series) Such works by Luo provide a meaningful point of departure for an understanding of the relationship between architecture and urban life and development in interior Chinese cities, as well as the limited aesthetic resources of Love by Sharon Chinese city dwellers in these areas. After Luo began working in Shanghai, his collage-style, grid-partitioned works singularly expressed the modern city#8217;s endless expansiveness and self-duplication. In the recent publication, Research Report on Essay on To, Contemporary Chinese Class (Lu Xueyi editor, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, Beijing, 2002), Chinese sociologists redefined the social classes in China. According to Treadway Company Case, this model, Chinese society now may be divided into ten classes.

The leading classes of the Maoist era, the industrial workers and peasants, are ranked eighth and Essay a Terrorist, ninth, posited above only the tenth class, made up of the Essay about Restrictions on Technology unemployed and Essay Catch a Terrorist, semi-unemployed. According to this scheme industrial workers and peasants are no longer the decisive forces propelling social progress in China. The #8220;masters#8221; of Chinese society in Maoist times now define the lowest strata of the social hierarchy. Heaviness of Industry (series) At a time when working-class existence is increasingly marginalized and workers#8217; images appear with ever decreasing frequency in China, Zhou Hai#8217;s Heaviness of Industry project refocuses our attention on the life and вЂThe and вЂA Hunger, working conditions of industrial workers who have been irretrievably remade into Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, the society#8217;s #8220;silent majority.#8221; Zhou#8217;s documentary project began in during the delivery phase of a cycle, the most significant source of conflict 1997 and is, according to him, still ongoing. Essay? In his own writing, he makes it clear that the motive in taking these pictures is to draw more peoples#8217; attention toward what is hidden behind industries, toward the labor and subsistence of the workers. His images are intended to call attention to on picnic, the human component of the abstract notion of industry. He wants to demonstrate the heaviness of industry as supported by these silent human figures, a heaviness borne by the real members of the working class. While the images in the Heaviness of Industry series strive to on To a Terrorist, show the workers#8217; labor and subsistence in physical terms, they also expose the phase project's cycle, the most is drift of the on To Catch working class as a whole from the center of Chinese society to its peripheries. The Heaviness of Industry series catalogs a number of raw moments in workers#8217; operational routines from short, a rich variety of perspectives. Zhou#8217;s images do not aestheticize the laborers#8217; physical hardship, nor do they present sensational characterizations of human tragedy. Neither singing praise to modernization nor reflecting upon the negative consequences of the process may be as important as providing a site for Essay on To Catch a Terrorist an extensive social appreciation of the material experiences of #8220;industry,#8221; of the persons who are engaged in industrial production, of the relationship between the human body and work, of the value of work to the entire society.

Heaviness of Industry (series) Because of the phase of a project's cycle, the most of conflict is special conditions of social development and historical coincidences, modernization in China is following a unique trajectory. Well before its infrastructural base undergoes systematic industrial modernization, the country faces a transition toward a digital society. The conflicting objectives and realities between the pursuit of industrialization and the drive toward post-industrial environments result in much awkwardness in actual social experience. The industrial workers in Zhou#8217;s pictures embody such awkwardness in the most direct terms. These works do not excessively elaborate upon the experience itself. Rather, they introduce us to the complicated psychological states #8212; a mixture of pride, perseverance, loss, and helplessness #8212; with which the workers react toward the complexities of the historical moment.

By weaving together subliminal settings and intimate depictions, Zhou takes his subjects away from the Maoist myths handed down from the past and returns them to their actual condition and salvation. From the documentary works by these Chinese photographers, we may conclude that there is a parallel between the growth of on To Catch Chinese documentary photography and changes in Chinese society. The appearance of works with a distinct social vision bespeaks of the beginning of a process in which Chinese photography is and Science Research emerging from the constraints of state ideologies. Photographers are taking individual critical stances toward the reality of society. The cameras in the photographers#8217; hands are tools to record dramatic transformation and day-to-day social experience while they articulate a personal worldview.

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nyu funny essay Major Twentieth Century Writers. Enter the Essay Catch, H ell of New York with selections from Camus, Morrison and Lili Tomlin. Morrison, Toni. Selections from Jazz. Oates, Joyce Carol. Lethal . 1903 . First flight in heavier-than-air machine by Tire Company Case Study Wright brothers in USA; first silent movie, The Great Train Robbery ; Henry James, The Ambassadors ; Daily Mirror started; Nobel prize B. On To Catch. Bjornson (N). 1904 . New York subway opens; Russo-Japanese war begins; Henry James, The Golden Bowl ; Joseph Conrad, Nostromo ; Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard ; Death of Chekhov; Nobel prize F. Mistral (F) and Old Essay J. Echegary (Sp). 1905 . ‘Bloody Sunday’ massacre of Essay Catch protesters in short on picnic, St Petersburg; Einstein, Special Theory of Relativity ; Freud, Theory of Sexuality ; E.M.

Forster, Where Angels Fear to Tread ; Nobel prize H. On To Catch A Terrorist. Sienkiewicz (P). 1906 . Sex Without Old Essay. First Liberal government in UK; death of Catch a Terrorist Ibsen; General strike in Russia followed by short essay first (limited) democratic parliament; Women’s Suffrage movement active; San Francisco destroyed by earthquake and fire; Labour Party formed. Nobel prize G. Carducci (I) 1907 . Belgium seizes Congo; Austria seizes Bosnia and Herzegovina; Picasso introduces cubism; first electric washing machine; Joseph Conrad, The Secret Agent ; E.M.Forster, The Longest Journey ; Nobel prize Rudyard Kipling (UK) 1908 . Essay On To Catch. Ford introduces Model-T; Elgar’s First Symphony; E.M.Forster, A Room with a View ; first Old Age Pensions; Nobel prize R. Eucken (G) 1909 . Ford produces first cheap cars Model T; Death of George Meredith; Bleriot flies across English Channel; Marinetti’s Futurist Manifesto ; Vaughn Williams Fantasy on a Theme of Thomas Tallis ; Nobel S. Sex Without. Lagerlöf (S) 1911 . Rutherford discovers structure of atom in Essay on To Catch, Manchester; Chinese revolution; Joseph Conrad, Under Western Eyes ; D.H.

Lawrence, The White Peacock ; Nobel prize M. Maeterlink (Be). 1912 . China becomes a republic following revolution; Sinking of the Titanic; railway, mining, and short essay on picnic coal strikes in UK. Daily Herald started; Schoenberg Pierrot Lunaire ; Nobel prize G. Hauptmann (G) 1913 . New Statesman started; first crossword puzzle; Thomas Mann, Death in Venice ; D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers ; Stravinsky The Rite of Spring ; Nobel prize R. Catch. Tagore (In) 1914 . Outbreak of first world war; first traffic lights; Panama Canal opened; James Joyce, Dubliners ; Marcel Proust begins to Case, publish A la recherche du temps perdu ( Remembrance of Catch a Terrorist Things Past ); Nobel prize not awarded. 1915 . First air attacks on London; Germans use poison gas in war; Franz Kafka, Metamorphosis ; Einstein, General Theory of Tire Case Study Relativity ; D.H.

Lawrence, The Rainbow ; Ford Maddox Ford, The Good Soldier ; D.W.Griffith, The Birth of a Nation ; Nobel prize R. Roland (F). 1916 . First Battle of the Somme; Battle of Verdun; Australians slaughtered in Essay on To, Gallipoli campaign; Easter Rising in Dublin; James Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man ; Prokofiev Classical Symphony ; Nobel prize V. von Heidenstam (S). 1917 . USA enters the war; October Revolution in Russia; battle of Passchendaele; T.S. Is My. Eliot Prufrock and Other Observations ; Nobel prize K. Gjellerup (D) and H. Pontoppidan (Da). 1918 . Second Battle of the Somme; German offensive collapses; end of war [Nov 11]; Votes for women over 30; influenza pandemic kills millions; Lytton Strachey, Eminent Victorians ; Nobel prize not awarded. 1920 . League of Nations established; Oxford University admits women;

1921 . Irish Free State proclaimed; extreme inflation in Germany; Fatty Arbuckle scandal in on To Catch a Terrorist, US; Nobel prize Anatole France (F). 1922 . Fascists march on short essay Rome under Mussolini; Kemel Ataturk founds modern Turkey; T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land ; James Joyce, Ulysses ; Katherine Mansfield, The Garden Party ; Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ; John Galsworthy, The Forsyth Saga ; Nobel prize J. Benavente (Sp). 1923 . Charleston craze; BBC begins radio broadcasting in the UK; William Walton Facade ; Nobel prize W.B. Yeats (Ir). 1924 . First UK Labour government formed under Ramsey MacDonald (lasts nine months); Deaths of Lenin, Franz Kafka, and Joseph Conrad; Thomas Mann, The Magic Mountain ; E.M. Forster, A Passage to on To, India ; Nobel prize W. €The Metamorphosis’ And €A Essay. Raymont (P).

1925 . John Logie Baird televises an image of a human face; Webern Wozzeck ; Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf ; Virginia Woolf, Mrs Dalloway ; Nobel prize George Bernard Shaw (UK). 1926 . UK General Strike; first demonstration of television in UK; Fritz Lang, Metropolis ; Nobel prize G. Deledda (I). 1927 . Lindbergh flies solo across Atlantic; first talkie film Al Jolson in ‘The Jazz Singer’; Virginia Woolf, To the Catch, Lighthouse ; Nobel prize Henri Bergson (Fr). 1928 . Women in UK get same voting rights as men; Death of Thomas Hardy; first Oxford English Dictionary published; penicillin discovered; 1929 . Slump in US, followed by collapse of New York Stock Exchange; Start of world economic depression; Second UK Labour government under MacDonald; Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own ; first experimental television broadcast; Kurt Weil The Threepenny Opera ; Nobel prize Thomas Mann (G). 1930 . Old Essay. Mass unemployment in UK; Death of D.H.

Lawrence. William Faulkner, As I Lay Dying ; Nobel prize Sinclair Lewis (US). 1931 . Resignation of UK Labour government, followed by a Terrorist formation of national coalition government; Empire State building completed in Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Artist’ Essay, New York; Virginia Woolf, The Waves ; Nobel prize R.A. Karfeldt (S). 1932 . Essay Catch. Hunger marches start in UK; scientists split the atom; air conditioning invented; Aldous Huxley, Brave New World ; Nobel prize John Galsworthy (UK). 1933 . Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany; first Nazi concentration camps; prohibition ends in US; Radio Luxembourg begins commercial broadcasts to UK; George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London ;Jean Vigo, L’Atalante ; Nobel prize Ivan Bunin (USSR). 1935 . Germany re-arms; Italians invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Prokofiev Romeo and Juliet ; Nobel prize not awarded.

1936 . Company Essay. Death of Essay Catch George V in UK, followed by Edward VIII, who is forced to Essay about Restrictions on Technology and Science Research, abdicate; Stalinist show trials in USSR; Civil War in Spain begins; Germany re-occupies the a Terrorist, Rheinland; BBC begins television transmissions; Aaron Copland El Salon Mexico ; Nobel prize Eugene O’Neil (USA). 1937 . Neville Chamberlain UK prime minister; Destruction of Guernica; George Orwell, The Road to Wigan Pier ; Nobel prize Roger Martin du Gard (Fr). 1938 . Germans occupy Austria; Chamberlain meets Hitler to make infamous Munich ‘agreement’ to prevent war; Samuel Beckett, Murphy ; John Dos Passos, USA ; Nobel prize Pearl S. Buck (USA). 1939 . Fascists win Civil War in Spain; Stalin makes pact with Hitler; Germany invades Poland; Britain and what is my ideology France declare war on Germany; helicopter invented; 1940 . Essay On To. Germany invades north-west Europe; Fall of France; British troops evacuated from Dunkirk; Battle of Britain; Start of ‘Blitz’ bombing raids over London; Churchill heads national coalition government; assassination of Trotsky; Nobel prize not awarded. 1941 . Essay. Germany invades USSR; Japanese destroy US fleet at Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Pearl Harbour; USA enters the war; siege of Leningrad; Deaths of James Joyce and Virginia Woolf; Orson Wells, Citizen Kane ; Nobel prize not awarded. 1942 . Battle of Stalingrad; Battle of Midway; Beveridge report establishes basis of modern Welfare State; T-shirt invented; Nobel prize not awarded.

1943 . Anglo-American armies invade Italy; Warsaw uprising; Nobel prize not awarded. 1944 . D-Day invasion of France; ball-point pens go on sale; German V1 and V2 rockets fired; R.A. Treadway Tire Essay Examples. Butler’s Education Act; Aaron Copland Appalachian Spring ; Nobel prize J.V. Jensen (Da). 1945 . End of war in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Europe; Atomic bombs dropped on Japan; first computer built; microwave oven invented; United Nations founded; huge Labour victory in about on Technology, UK general election; Atlee becomes prime minister, George Orwell, Animal Farm ; Nobel prize G. Mistral (Ch).

1946 . Churchill’s ‘Iron Curtain’ speech; Nuremberg war trials; bikinis introduced; United Nations opens in on To a Terrorist, New York; Nobel prize Herman Hesse (Sw) 1947 . Ideology. Marshall Plan of aid to Europe; Jewish refugees turned away by UK; Polaroid camera invented; coal and other industries nationalised in UK; transfer of power to independent India, Pakistan, and Burma. Thomas Mann, Doktor Faustus ; Nobel prize A. Gide (Fr) 1948 . Berlin airlift; state of Israel founded; Railways and electricity nationalised in UK; Bevan launches National Health Service in UK. Nobel prize T.S. Eliot (UK)

1949 . East Germany created; Mao Tse Tung declares Republic of China; NATO founded; Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex ; George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty Four ; Nobel prize W. Faulkner (USA) 1950 . India declares itself a republic; UK and USA attack Korea; first credit cards; first organ transplant; Billy Wilder, Sunset Boulevard ; Nobel prize Bertrand Russell (UK) 1951 . On To. Festival of Britain; first colour TV; Conservatives defeat Labour in UK general election; Churchill becomes prime minister; UK troops seize Suez Canal zone; Benjamin Britten Billy Budd ; Samuel Beckett, Malloy ; Nobel prize P. Lagerkvist (S) 1952 . Death of by Sharon Old Essay George V. Catch. Accession of Queen Elizabeth II at 25; 1953 . DNA discovered; conquest of Everest; Death of Stalin and Prokofiev on same day; Nobel prize Winston Churchill (UK) 1954 . British troops withdrawn from Egypt; Four-minute mile broken; Nobel prize E. Hemingway (USA) 1955 . European Union created; Warsaw Pact founded; V. Nabokov, Lolita ; Patrick White, The Tree of Man ; Nobel prize H. Laxness (Ic) 1956 . Sex Without By Sharon Old Essay. Khruschchev denounces Stalin at Communist Party Conference; Anglo-French invasion of Suez, followed by Catch withdrawal; Hungarian uprising crushed by вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Hunger Artist’ Essay Soviets; Samuel Beckett, Malone Dies ; Nobel prize J. Ramon Jiminez (Sp) 1957 . European Economic Community established; Homosexuality decriminalised in UK; Patrick White, Voss ; Nobel prize A. Camus (Fr) 1958 . Orson Wells, Touch of Evil ; Nobel prize B. Pasternak (USSR) [forced to refuse it]

1959 . Castro overthrows Batista regime in Cuba; first motorway opened in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, UK; Nobel prize S. Quasimodo (I) 1960 . Sharpville massacres in S Africa; new republics declared in Africa; Lady Chatterley’s Lover cleared of charges of obscenity in UK; J.F. Kennedy elected US president; Alfred Hitchcock, Psycho ; Nobel prize A. St. Leger (Fr) 1961 . Adolf Eichman on trial for role in Holocaust; USSR makes first manned space flight; USA-backed Bay of is my Pigs attack in Cuba fails; Berlin Wall erected; Patrick White, Riders in the Chariot ; Samuel Beckett, Happy Days ; Nobel prize L. Andric (Y) 1962 . US sends troops to Vietnam; Cuban missile crisis; Nelson Mandela jailed; Please Please Me first Beatles hit; Nobel prize J. On To Catch. Steinbeck (USA)

1963 . French veto Britain’s application to join European Common Market; Martin Luther King’s ‘I Have a Dream’ speech; Profumo scandal in UK; Kennedy assassination in USA; Nobel prize G. Seferis (Gr) 1964 . By Sharon Old Essay. Khruschchev deposed by Breshnev in on To, USSR; Vietnam attacks US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin; Labour party gains power in UK under Harold Wilson; Saul Bellow, Herzog . Study Examples. Nobel prize J-P. Sartre (Fr) [prize not accepted] 1965 . Malcolm X assassinated; India invades Pakistan; US air raids in Vietnam; anti-war protests in US and Europe; Harold Pinter, The Homecoming ; Nobel prize M. On To. Sholokov (USSR) [authorship subsequently disputed] 1966 . Black Panthers established in US; Cultural revolution under Mao in China; Britain wins Wold Cup in football; Nobel prize Samuel Agnon, Nelly Sachs (Il) 1967 . Israel seizes land in 6 day war; first heart transplant; first colour TV transmissions in UK; Stalin’s daughter defects to west; ‘Summer of Love’ hippy demonstrations in San Francisco; decriminalisation of homosexuality in UK; Gabriel Garcia Marquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude ; Nobel prize Miguel Angel Asturias (Gu)

1968 . Martin Luther King assassinated; student protests in during phase of a life cycle, significant source, Paris; USSR invades Czechoslovakia; theatre censorship abolished in UK after 23 years; Tet offensive in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Vietnam; Nobel prize Yasunari Kawabata (Jp) 1969 . UK troops sent into N Ireland; US puts first men on the moon; death penalty abolished in UK; precursor of the Internet, ARPANET created; Woodstock music festival; Monty Python’s Flying Circus first broadcast; Nobel prize Samuel Beckett (Ire) 1970 . My Lai massacre; Rubber bullets used in N Ireland; Allende elected socialist president in Chile; anti-government demonstrations in вЂThe Artist’, Poland; age of majority lowered to 18 in UK; invention of Essay on To computer floppy disks; Germaine Greer, The Femail Eunuch ; Patrick White, The Vivesector ; Nobel prize Alexander Solzhenitsyn (USSR) 1971 . Open University begins in UK; internment without trial in N Ireland; China joins UN; Nixon resumes bombing of Vietnam; video recorders introduced; Britain negotiates entry into EU; Nobel prize Pablo Neruda (Ch) 1972 . Miners strike in Treadway Tire Case Study examples, UK; Bloody Sunday in on To Catch, N Ireland; Watergate scandal begins in US; Nobel prize Heinrich Böll (Gr) 1973 . Allende government overthrown by Pinochet in Chile; industrial strikes in UK; Arab-Israeli war; abortion legalised in US; US pulls out of Vietnam; Britain enters the European Common Market; Nobel prize Patrick White (Aus) 1974 . Miners strike in UK; Impeachment and resignation of president Nixon in US; Nadine Gordimer, The Conservationist ; Nobel prize Eyvind Johnson, Harry Martinson (Sw) 1975 . Margaret Thatcher elected leader of Tories in UK; Vietnam war ends with hasty retreat of US troops; first elections in Portugal for 50 years; Microsoft founded; Nobel prize Eugenio Montale (It) 1976 . Jeremy Thorpe resigns as UK liberal leader following sex scandal; Britain found guilty of torture in N Ireland; Jimmy Carter elected president in US; Patrick White, A Fringe of Leaves ; Nobel prize Saul Bellow (USA)

1977 . First democratic elections in Sex Without, Spain since 1936; student activist Steve Biko tortured to death in S Africa; Punk rock fashionable; Nobel prize Vicente Aleixandre (Sp) 1978 . World’s first test tube baby; Nobel prize Isaac Bashevis Singer (USA) 1979 . Shah leaves Iran; Ayatollah Khomeni returns from exile in Paris; Islamic republic declared; Margaret Thatcher elected first woman PM in UK; first heart transplant; Pol Pot convicted of murdering 3 million in Cambodia; Francis Ford Coppola, Apocalypse Now ; Nobel prize Odysseus Elytis (Gk) 1980 . Essay On To A Terrorist. USSR Nobel peace prizewinner Sakharov sent into internal exile; Mugabe’s establishes one-party ZANU(PF) state in Zimbabwe; outbreak of Iran-Iraq war; Solidarity trade union recognised by Polish government; Ronald Regan elected US president; John Lennon shot in New York; Nobel prize Czeslaw Milosz (Po) 1981 . Greece joins EEC; Social Democrats launched in UK merges with Liberals; Peter Sutcliffe convicted of Yorkshire Ripper murders; Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer; first reports of AIDS; Salman Rushdie, Midnight’s Children ; Nobel prize Elias Canetti (UK!)

1982 . Argentina invades Malvinas (Falklands); UK re-takes islands; General Galtieri resigns; Polish government abolishes Solidarity; death of Breshnev; Nobel prize Gabriel García Márquez (Co) 1983 . Demonstrations in 20 Polish cities; IRA prisoners escape from life the most significant source of conflict Maze prison; US-backed invasion of Grenada; Cruise missiles installed in Essay, UK; Nobel prize William Golding (UK) 1984 . UK miners strike against pit closures; USSR boycotts Olympics in by Sharon, LA; Mrs Gandhi assassinated; Nobel prize Jaroslav Seifert (Cz) (Note how many of the Nobel Prize Winners come from all over the world now, not just the Euro-American sector. 1985 . USSR reforms of on To Catch a Terrorist Glasnost and Perestroika called for what is my, by Gorbachev; Greenpeace ship sunk by French agents in NZ; Nobel prize Claude Simon (Fr) 1986 . Westland scandal in UK government; press disputes lead to move from Fleet Street to Wapping in UK; legal independence for Australia; US bomb Benghazi and a Terrorist Tripoli; Chernobyl nuclear disaster; 180-day detention without trial in S Africa; US and Commonwealth impose sanctions on South Africa; Nobel prize Wole Soyinka (Ni) 1987 . Gorbachev begins critique of Breshnev in USSR; white-only elections in S Africa; Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie guilty of crimes against humanity; Iran attacks US tanker in Persian Gulf; DNA first used to convict criminals; Nobel prize Joseph Brodsky (USA) 1988 . Tire Company Examples. IRA members shot by UK in Gibraltar; first Gulf war begins; Gorbachev proposes democratic reforms in USSR; George Bush Snr president in US; Nobel prize Naguib Mahfouz (Eg) 1989 . Khomeini issues fatwa on Salman Rushdie’s Satanic Verses ; Tiananamen Square massacre; elections, protests, and shakeups in Essay, Communist block; E Germany closes borders after demonstrations for reform; Iron Curtain begins to be removed; Romanian leader Ceausescu executed; playwright Vaclav Havel becomes Czech president; Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web; Nobel prize Camilo José Cela (Sp)

1990 . Lech Walesa becomes first president of Poland; Nelson Mandela freed after 27 years in jail; John Major replaces Margaret Thatcher as UK prime minister; Derek Walcott, Omeros ; Nobel prize Octavio Paz (Mx) 1991 . Collapse of the Restrictions Research, Soviet Union; Apartheid laws repealed in S Africa; Iraq invades Kuwait; first Gulf war begins with Operation desert Storm; Satellite-based communications become established for TV and Catch a Terrorist Internet; Nobel prize Nadine Gordimer (SA) 1992 . Official end of and вЂA Cold War; Nobel prize Derek Walcott (SL) 1993 . Bosnian civil war; Use of the Internet grows exponentially; Nobel prize Toni Morrison (USA) 1994 . Channel tunnel opens in UK; Mandela elected president of Essay Catch a Terrorist S Africa; Rawandan genocide; Nobel prize Kenzaburo Oe (Jp) 1995 . Nobel prize Seamus Heaney (Ire) 1996 . Prince Charles divorces Princess Diana in UK; Mad cow disease hits UK; Nobel prize Wislawa Szymborska (Po)

1997 . Hong Kong returns to China; Princess Diana dies in short essay, car crash in Paris; Tony Blair wins landslide victory in UK with New Labour Party; Nobel prize Dario Fo (It) 1998 . India and Pakistan test nuclear weapons; US President Clinton in sex scandal; use of mobile phones and Internet becomes commonplace; digital technology widely introduced into broadcast media; Nobel prize José Saramago (Pt) 1999 . New Euro currency introduced; NATO forces in Serbia; hereditary peers abolished in Essay Catch a Terrorist, UK House of Lords; Nobel prize Gunter Grass (Gr) 2000 . During Phase Of A Source. First elected Mayor of London in UK; Legal age for consensual gay sex reduced to 16;Nobel prize Gao Xingjian (Fr) 2001 . A Terrorist. Labour Party re-elected with huge majority; Twin Towers attacked and destroyed in New York; Britain joins US in Afghanistan war; Nobel prize V.S. Naipaul (UK) 2004 . Nobel prize Elfriede Jelinek (Au) 2005 . Nobel prize Harold Pinter (UK) 2007 . Nobel prize Doris Lessing (UK) 2009 . Nobel prize Herta Mueller (Gr)

2010 Nobel Prize Mario Vargas Llosa (Pe) Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of reading employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts. It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and essay on picnic anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the Essay a Terrorist, author's own neuroses. One may psychoanalyze a particular character within a literary work, but it is usually assumed that all such characters are projections of the author's psyche. How do the real-world political conflicts affect the seesaw of dramatic structure in the books you are using? Can an author create the total humanity of short essay on picnic a 9/11 hijacker? Are 9/11 novels wrapped in a cocoon of Essay narcissism?

The theory of Socialist Realism was adopted by the Congress of Treadway Case Essay examples Soviet Writers in 1934. Approved by Catch Joseph Stalin, Nickolai Bukharin, Maxim Gorky and what Andrey Zhdanov, Socialist Realism demanded that all art must depict some aspect of man's struggle toward socialist progress for a better life. It stressed the need for the creative artist to serve the proletariat by Essay being realistic, optimistic and heroic. The doctrine considered all forms of experimentalism as degenerate and pessimistic. The writings of Tolstoi and вЂThe Hunger Dostoyevsky, that depicted the despair in all of Catch us, were banned. Throughout history, we see that when new leaders create new governments, especially through revolution, they seek to control the intellectual and artistic as well as the Artist’ Essay, socio-economic lives of their people. If they fail to do this, the revolution might not succeed. Experimental and non-conformist writers such as Yevgeni Zamyatin, Isaac Babel, Boris Pilnyak, Nickolai Tikhonov, Mikhail Slonimski, Vsevolod Ivanov, Victor Serge, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Sergei Yesenin, Konstantin Fedin, Victor Shklovsky, Mikhail Zoshchenko and Essay on To a Terrorist Alexander Solzhenitsyn suffered under this policy. Zamyatin and Serge managed to leave the country, whereas Mayakovsky and Yesenin committed suicide. Writers who refused to change, such as Babel and Pilnyak, were executed or died in labour camps. Doctor Zhivago was finally published in the Soviet Union in the delivery of a cycle, significant source, 1988, in the pages of Essay Catch a Terrorist Novy mir , although earlier samizdat editions existed.

Yuri Zhivago is sensitive and during phase of a cycle, the most source of conflict is poetic nearly to the point of Essay on To Catch mysticism. Zhivago's idealism and during the delivery project's of conflict principles stand in contrast to the brutality and horror of Essay World War I, the Russian Revolution, and the subsequent Russian Civil War. A major theme of the novel is how mysticism and idealism are destroyed by both the Bolsheviks and during the delivery phase life the White Army alike, as both sides commit horrible atrocities. Yuri witnesses dismemberment and other horrors suffered by the innocent civilian population during the turmoil. Even the love of his life, Lara, is Essay, taken from him. Zhivago ponders how war can turn the whole world senseless, and make an otherwise reasonable group of people destroy each other with no regard for life. His journey through Russia has an epic, dreamlike, almost surreal feeling. The Delivery Phase Of A Life Cycle, Significant. He travels through a world which is in such striking contrast to himself, relatively uncorrupted by violence. His desire to Essay, find a place away from it all drives him across the Treadway Tire Case Essay, Arctic Siberia of Russia, and eventually back to Moscow. Pasternak subtly criticizes of Soviet ideology: he disagrees with the Essay a Terrorist, idea of building a new man, which, he suggests, is against nature. His great love's life is also dealt with in considerable detail.

Lara, whose full name is Larissa Feodorovna Guishar (later Antipova), born into the bourgeoisie, is engaged to Pavel Pasha Antipov, an idealistic young student who becomes involved in Bolshevism through his father. On Picnic. Lara starts having an affair with Viktor Komarovsky, a powerful lawyer with political connections, who both repulses and attracts her. To gain independence from Komarovsky, Lara spends three years working as a live-in nanny for Essay a Terrorist, a wealthy family (the Kologrivovs). Upon returning, Lara's brother begs her to get 700 rubles from Komarovsky to repay money that he has gambled away. Lara gets the money from her generous employer, Kologrivov. Artist’ Essay. However, when her pupil Lipa graduates, she feels like she is on charity instead of working for her keep in Essay on To, the Kologrivov household. She decides that Komarovsky owes her. She attends a party to demand the money from Komarovsky. But he spends the evening playing cards and pays her no attention.

She finally walks in is my ideology, and attempts to shoot him but misses.[4] Lara and Zhivago have a number of brief encounters before truly meeting. One of these takes place after Lara's mother attempts suicide and Zhivago gives medical help. Zhivago also sees Lara at the Christmas party where she tries to shoot Komarovsky. Lara and Zhivago have their first real conversation after a roadside encounter between First World War troop columns: a miserable troop of on To retreating Russian Army deserters and new recruits bound for the hopeless conditions at the Front. Lara has been serving as nurse while searching for her assumed-dead husband Antipov. Lara and Zhivago serve together in a makeshift field hospital and phase of a project's cycle, source of conflict is fall in love. They do not consummate their relationship until much later, meeting in the town of Yuriatin after the war. Pasha Antipov and Komarovsky continue to play important roles in the story.

Pasha is assumed killed in World War I, but is actually captured by the Germans and escapes. Pasha Antipov joins the Bolsheviks and becomes Strelnikov (the shooter), a fearsome Red Army general who becomes infamous for executing White prisoners (hence his nickname). However, he is never a true Bolshevik and yearns for the fighting to be over so he can return to Lara. (The film version changes his character significantly, making him a hard-line Bolshevik.) Another major character is Essay Catch a Terrorist, Liberius, commander of the Old Essay, Forest Brotherhood, the Red Partisan band which conscripts Yuri into service. Liberius is a dedicated and heroic revolutionary. But he is also a cocaine addict, loud-mouthed and vain, and bores Yuri with his constant lectures about the Essay on To, justice of their cause and on Technology and Science Research the inevitability of their victory. Komarovsky reappears towards the end of the story. He has gained some influence in the Bolshevik government and been appointed minister of justice of the Far Eastern Republic, a Bolshevik puppet state in Siberia.

He offers Zhivago and Lara transit out of Russia. They initially refuse. But Komarovsky lies about Pasha Antipov's death and Essay Catch a Terrorist persuades Zhivago that it is in is my, Lara's best interests to leave; Zhivago convinces Lara to go with Komarovsky, telling her (falsely) that he will follow her shortly. Meanwhile, Antipov/Strelnikov falls from grace, loses his position in the Red Army, and returns to Varykino, near Yuriatin, where he hopes to find Lara. She, however, has just left with Komarovsky.

After having a lengthy conversation with Zhivago, Pasha Antipov commits suicide and is found the next morning by Zhivago. (In the movie Komarovsky tells Zhivago that he was captured 5 miles outside of Yuriatin and on Essay Catch a Terrorist the way to his execution he grabbed a pistol from a guard and killed himself.) Zhivago's life and health go downhill after this; he lives with another woman and has two children with her, plans numerous writing projects but does not finish them, and of a the most significant source of conflict is increasingly absent-minded, erratic, and unwell. Lara eventually returns to Russia on the day of on To a Terrorist Zhivago's funeral. She gets Yevgraf, his half brother, to try to find her daughter but then disappears. During World War II Zhivago's old friends Nika Dudorov and Misha Gordon meet up. One of their discussions revolves around a local laundress named Tanya, a bezprizornaya or parentless child, one of many left by the Civil War, and her resemblance to Zhivago.

Much later they meet over the first edition of on picnic Zhivago's poems. Other major characters include Tonya Gromeko, Zhivago's wife, and her parents Alexander and Anna, with whom Zhivago lived after he lost his parents as a child. Yevgraf (Evgraf) Zhivago, Yuri's younger illegitimate half-brother (son of his father and Essay on To a Mongolian princess), is a mysterious figure who gains power and about Restrictions on Technology Research influence with the Bolsheviks and helps his brother evade arrest throughout the course of the story. The book is packed full of odd coincidences; characters disappear and Catch a Terrorist reappear seemingly at random, encountering each other in the most unlikely places. The Russian Revolution was at its core an short essay on picnic ideological struggle, forcing young and old alike to align themselves or risk extermination.

Its uncompromising nature put great strain on the ideals of individual thought and on To a Terrorist choice, represented in Yuri Zhivago's constant attempts to come to terms with the Revolution. Yuri is the ultimate individual, expressing himself through poetry and recognizing beauty in all aspects of life. He is frequently overcome by emotion, and is deeply introspective. His affair with Lara was primarily fueled by passion and romanticism. However, he gradually realizes that his commitment to own unique philosophy is rapidly becoming untenable in the face of a crystallizing Soviet ideology. His attempts to exert control over his own individual self end in what, futility: in one pivotal scene, he wounds and possibly kills several White soldiers despite his best efforts avoid doing so. The taking of lives is a betrayal of his personal core beliefs, and Yuri is horrified and demoralized by Essay on To Catch a Terrorist the incident. Ultimately, the revolution's refusal to short essay on picnic, acknowledge the fundamental nature of the individual ensured that regardless of Essay on To Catch a Terrorist which faction Yuri sided with, he would not be able to essay, survive in the new Soviet era as a true individual. (from The Master and Essay Catch Margarita ) Mihail Bulgakov was born in Kiev, Ukraine, the eldest son of Study Essay examples a theology professor at the Kiev Theological Academy.

After attending First Kiev High School (1900-09), Bulgakov studied medicine at the Kiev University (1909-16). From 1916 to 1918 he served as a doctor in front-line and district hospitals. These experiences he described in notes of a young doctor, 'Zapiski yunogo vracha' (1925-26). In 1918-19 Bulgakov worked as a doctor in Kiev, and witnessed the German occupation and then the occupation by the Red Army. During these war years he used a morphine, but with the helped of Essay on To a Terrorist his first wife he managed to win the addiction.

In 1920 Bulgakov abandoned medicine in favor of a career as a writer. He organized in Vladikavkaz, Caucasus, a 'sub-department of the arts', wrote stories for is my, newspapers. Bulgakov moved in 1921 to Moskow, where he worked for the literary department of the People's Commissariat of Education, and wrote as a journalist for various groups and papers. His largely autobiographical novel BELAYA GVARDIYA (1925, full text 1973, The White Guard) was an account of the turbulent years between 1914 and 1921 as reflected in the lives of a White family in the Ukraine. Two parts of the book was published in the journal Rossiya , which was closed before the third part could appear. Bulgakov abandoned his plans for a trilogy; the on To Catch, proofs of the new ending surfaced in of a project's life source of conflict is, 1987, but the final pages were missing. From 1925 Bulgakov was associated with the Moscow Arts Theatre. Essay Catch. He wrote and staged many plays, which enjoyed great popularity.

Bulgakov's criticism of the Soviet system was not swallowed by the authorities. The Heart of the Dog (written in on picnic, 1925), a satire on Soviet life in the guise of science fiction, was condemned unpublishable. In the story 'Pokhozhdenia Chichikova' the protaginist of Essay Catch Gogol's Dead Souls was dropped in the middle of the Soviet Russia's New Economic Policy period of 1921-27. Tire Company Examples. 'Diaboliad' (1925) portrayed a poor clerk in Essay Catch, a gigantic bureaucracy, where he loses his identity and life. In 1928 Bulgakov had three plays running in three Moscow theatres, Zoya's Apartment , The Crimson Island , and The Days of the Turbins , dramatized from his novel The White Guard . On Technology And Science Research. It brought the author overnight success and became 'a new Seagull ' for the new generation, although it also received hostile reviews for the sympathetic portrayal of White officers. Paradoxically, The White Guard was one of on To Catch Stalin's favorite plays. It was banned in 1929, reinstated in 1932 but not published until 1955. By 1930s Bulgakov's works were published rarely or not at all - Zoya's Apartment (1926), a play set in an atelier-bordello, was banned, as The Crimson Island (1928). Tire Company Case Study Essay Examples. Flight (1928), dealing with White fugitives leaving Russia, was banned before its premiere.

In 1929 he wrote to Maxim Gorky: All my plays have been banned; not a line of mine is being printed anywhere; I have no work ready, and not a kopeck of on To Catch royalties is coming in from any source; not a single institution, not a single individual will reply to my applications. After writing a letter to Soviet government, requesting permission to during the delivery phase of a significant of conflict is, emigrate, Bulgakov received a personal telephone call from Stalin and was employed as an assistant producer with the Moscow Arts Theatre. He adapted classics for the stage. During the on To a Terrorist, late 1930s he was librettist and consultant at Bolshoi Theatre. However, Stalin's favour protected Bulgakov only from arrests and executions, but his writings remained unpublished.

In Black Snow, a Theatrical Novel , Bulgakov described his love-hate relationship and took a revenge on Stanislavsky for the failure of his play A Cabal of Hypocrites , produced under the during the delivery phase of a project's life cycle, the most significant source of conflict, title Molière . In one scene Louis XIV, the Sun King, says: Then hear this: my author is oppressed. He is frightened. On To Catch A Terrorist. I will show kindness to anyone who forewarns me of whatever danger imperils him. The ban is lifted. You may stage Tartuffe . The Last Days was performed first in short, 1943 under the title Pushkin . Essay On To Catch. Bulgakov's stage version of by Sharon Gogol's Dead Souls had a modest success. Bulgakov's most important work was The Master and Essay Catch a Terrorist Margarita , a fantasy about the Devil, disguised as a professor, who causes havoc in Sex Without Love by Sharon Old Essay, the city. Catch. The work was suppressed because Bulgakov refused to Essay about, make the a Terrorist, changes reguired by the authorities. Although Bulgakov worked still on the text on what ideology his death bed, the novel was completed. Essay A Terrorist. The first Soviet edition was published in short, 1966-67, a fuller text appeared in 1973 and the revised full text in 1989. The Master and Margarita (1928-40).

Published in installments in 1966 and 1967 in the journal Moskva . The large novel takes place on three levels, each of Essay on To a Terrorist which provides a commentary on Metamorphosis’ Hunger Essay the others. Historical narrative is set in Jerusalem, where Pontius Pilate condemns to death a man, Jeshua, whom he knows to be innocent. On To. Contemporary narrative is set in Moscow, in the 1930s, where the Master and Margarita live and where the Master has written a novel about Pilate. The third, fantastic level introduces the devil, who steps out of Goethe's Faust. He appears in Moscow with a retinue that includes an enormous black cat. The devil, Woland, is unconventionally seen as a relatively sympathetic figure, Righteous Man in Sodom. Moreover, the character of Jesus, called Yeshua, in during the delivery of a project's the most, not very Biblical. The philosophical and on To Catch religious themes and Tire Company Study examination of the Essay a Terrorist, freedom of art circulate around the intrusion of the devil into the life of modern Moscow and the crucifixion of Christ. Interacting and competing discourses from the realms of science, religion, literature, history, and Research politics, complicate further the narrative.

Master burns his manuscript and retires to a madhouse. Margarita's love for Essay Catch a Terrorist, the master drives her to a pact with Satan. However, manuscripts don't burn and Woland defends the existence of Sex Without Love Old Essay Jeshua. Bulgakov composed two versions of the work. One was written at home and another, when he did not have the original available, was born while he was living with a mistress. Much of the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, the satire is aimed at greed, vanity, and pettiness, but is possible to read the book as a tribute to Stalin's policy to cut the bourgeois elements of Soviet society. After the publication Bulgakov was seen as a link between such writers as Vasilii Aksenov, Andrei Siniavskii, and the Strugatskii brothers, and the great past tradition of Gogol and Dostoevskii. Bulgakov was married three times: with Tatiana Nikolaevna Lappa (1913), Liubov Evgenevna Belozerskaia (1924), and Elena Sergeevna Shilovskaya (1932), who gave invaluable support to the author when he wrote The Master and Margarita and had his fits of short essay paranoia. Bulgakov was writing Black Snow , his theatre novel, when he died in Moskow on March 10, 1940. It took until the 1980s before all Bulgakov's works could be printed in his own home country. For decades Bulgakov was considered an Catch a Terrorist outsider and the most un-Soviet writer.

Supernatural and occult attracted him, and he used sudden cuts into the fantastic and mockery. Although he was subjected to a number of restrictions as a writer, he survived attacks from the officials, when others were imprisoned and perished in the 'Gulag Archipelago'. During her high school years, she was eyewitness to ideology, both the Kerensky Revolution, which she supported, andin 1917the Bolshevik Revolution, which she denounced from the outset. In order to escape the fighting, her family went to the Crimea, where she finished high school. The final Communist victory brought the confiscation of her father's pharmacy and periods of near-starvation. When introduced to American history in her last year of high school, she immediately took America as her model of what a nation of free men could be. When her family returned from the Crimea, she entered the Essay on To, University of Petrograd to Treadway Tire Case Essay, study philosophy and history. Graduating in 1924, she experienced the Essay Catch a Terrorist, disintegration of free inquiry and вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Essay the takeover of the university by communist thugs. Amidst the Essay a Terrorist, increasingly gray life, her greatest pleasures were Viennese operettas and Western films and plays. Long an admirer of cinema, she entered the State Institute for Cinema Arts in 1924 to short on picnic, study screenwriting.

It was at this time that she was first published: a booklet on actress Pola Negri (1925) and a booklet titled “Hollywood: American Movie City” (1926), both reprinted in Essay Catch, 1999 in Russian Writings on Hollywood. In late 1925 she obtained permission to leave Soviet Russia for a visit to relatives in the United States. During The Delivery Of A Cycle, Source Of Conflict Is. Although she told Soviet authorities that her visit would be short, she was determined never to return to Russia. She arrived in New York City in February 1926. She spent the Catch a Terrorist, next six months with her relatives in Chicago, obtained an extension to her visa, and then left for Hollywood to pursue a career as a screenwriter. On Ayn Rand’s second day in Hollywood, Cecil B. DeMille saw her standing at the gate of his studio, offered her a ride to the set of during the delivery life cycle, significant of conflict is his movie The King of Kings, and gave her a job, first as an extra, then as a script reader. During the next week at the studio, she met an Essay Catch a Terrorist actor, Frank O’Connor, whom she married in 1929; they were married until his death fifty years later.

After struggling for several years at various nonwriting jobs, including one in the wardrobe department at the RKO Radio Pictures, Inc., she sold her first screenplay, “Red Pawn,” to Universal Pictures in 1932 and saw her first stage play, Night of January 16th, produced in Hollywood and about on Technology and Science Research then on Broadway. Her first novel, We the Living, was completed in 1934 but was rejected by numerous publishers, until The Macmillan Company in the United States and Cassells and Essay on To Company in about Restrictions and Science Research, England published the book in a Terrorist, 1936. The most autobiographical of her novels, it was based on her years under Soviet tyranny. She began writing The Fountainhead in 1935 (taking a short break in 1937 to write the anti-collectivist novelette Anthem). In the character of the by Sharon Old Essay, architect Howard Roark, she presented for the first time the kind of hero whose depiction was the Essay Catch a Terrorist, chief goal of her writing: the ideal man, man as “he could be and phase project's life cycle, significant of conflict ought to be.” The Fountainhead was rejected by twelve publishers but finally accepted by the Bobbs-Merrill Company. When published in 1943, it made history by becoming a best-seller through word of on To Catch a Terrorist mouth two years later, and gained for its author lasting recognition as a champion of individualism. Ayn Rand returned to вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA, Hollywood in late 1943 to write the screenplay for The Fountainhead, but wartime restrictions delayed production until 1948.

Working part time as a screenwriter for Hal Wallis Productions, she began her major novel Atlas Shrugged, in 1946. In 1951 she moved back to New York City and a Terrorist devoted herself full time to вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Artist’ Essay, the completion of Atlas Shrugged. Published in 1957, Atlas Shrugged was her greatest achievement and last work of Essay on To Catch fiction. In this novel she dramatized her unique philosophy in an intellectual mystery story that integrated ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, politics, economics and sex. Although she considered herself primarily a fiction writer, she realized that in order to create heroic fictional characters, she had to identify the philosophic principles which make such individuals possible. Thereafter, Ayn Rand wrote and Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger lectured on her philosophyObjectivism, which she characterized as “a philosophy for living on earth.

She published and edited her own periodicals from 1962 to 1976, her essays providing much of the material for six books on Essay on To Catch a Terrorist Objectivism and its application to what ideology, the culture. Ayn Rand died on March 6, 1982, in her New York City apartment. Every book by Ayn Rand published in her lifetime is Catch a Terrorist, still in Restrictions on Technology and Science, print, and hundreds of thousands of copies are sold each year, so far totaling more than 25 million. Several new volumes have been published posthumously. Her vision of man and her philosophy for living on earth have changed the lives of thousands of readers and launched a philosophic movement with a growing impact on American culture. Everything is Illuminated was Foer's first novel published in 2002 when he was in his twenties and Essay so it was considered a work of precocious genius. Essay Restrictions And Science. It chronicles a young, Jewish-American writer's attempt to Catch a Terrorist, research his grandfather's life in Ukraine. Jonathan, who has the same name as the about Restrictions Research, book's author, is attempting to find his grandfather's shtetl, Trachimbrod.

He has only a few maps and a photograph of a woman named Augustine, who is said to have saved his grandfather from the Nazis. Jonathan's guide on his trip is Alex, a young Ukrainian man. They are both twenty-one. Their driver is Alex's grandfather, who claims to be blind. Accompanying the men is Grandfather's seeing-eye dog Sammy Davis Junior, Junior. Catch A Terrorist. The novel is comprised by three basic narratives: chapters written by Company Case Study Jonathan, chapters written by Alex, and letters from Alex to Jonathan. Chapters written by Jonathan describe different events in his family's history in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Trachimbrod.

Chapters written by Alex describe Jonathan's present trip. Letters from Alex to Treadway Case Study, Jonathan reveal the two characters' growing relationship as writers and friends. This book has Safran Foer's unique postmodern style, distorting language to fit narrators even if it means ESL grammar, typographical innovations, and non-linear sequencing. Although unconfirmed by on To Catch a Terrorist Foer, it is speculated that the title of the book is an inspiration from a line in the novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundera: 'In the what is my ideology, sunset of dissolution, everything is illuminated by the aura of nostalgia.' Erich Maria Remarque was born in Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, into modest circumstances. His ancestors were French, the family name was 'Germanized' early in the nineteeth century. Peter Franz Remark, Remarque's father, was a poorly paid bookbinder. Although Franz Remark did not show much interest in intellectual activities, except his interest in the occult, the family had a piano, and at one point in his life Remarque planned a musical career. In 1904, at the age of six, Remarque entered the Domschule (cathedral school), and on To Catch a Terrorist four years later he moved to the Johannisschle.

Remarque was always the best in by Sharon Old Essay, class, as one of his closest school friends later recalled. For a time Remarque studied at the University of Münster, but had to enlist in the German army at Essay on To Catch, the age of 18. Remarque fought on the Western Front and was wounded several times. After his discharge Remarque had taken a teacher's course offered to veterans by the government. He taught for a year in a school, and Treadway Company Study Essay tried also his hand as a stonecutter and a test-cardriver for a Berlin tire company. Remarque began his writing career as a sporting journalist, eventually becoming the a Terrorist, assistant editor of Sportbild . Among his friends was Leni Riefenstahl, who later made the Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will (1935), and the two-part Olympia (1938), about the Restrictions on Technology and Science, 1936 Berlin Olympic Games. Remarque's wife, Jutta Zambona, tall, slender as a fashion model, and strikingly dressed, as Riefenstahl described Jutta in her book of memoir later inspired heroines in his books. The marriage was stormy, and Catch a Terrorist they both had extra-marital activities. His longest, intercontinental affair Remarque had with Marlene Dietrich; they met first time in Venice in the late 1930s. Fame came with Remarque's first novel, All Quiet on the Westerns Front, which touched a nerve of the time, and what sparkled off a storm of political controversy. The book, which first had been rejected by one publisher, sold 1.2 million copies in its first year.

H.L. Mencken called it unquestionably the Essay on To a Terrorist, best story of the World War. Its sequel, DER WEG ZURÜCK ( The Way Back ), appeared in what is my ideology, 1931. Essay On To Catch. It dealt with the collapse of the during phase project's cycle,, German Army after the on To a Terrorist, war, and the fate of the surviving heroes, Ernst and his friends. All Quiet on the Western Front is the most famous novel dealing with World War I. The book starts in the delivery phase source, 1917 after a battle, in which half of Paul Bäumer's company has been killed. Bäumer is mostly the narrator and Remarque goes through his life in flashbacks.

Paul and Essay his classmates have been encouraged by Restrictions on Technology and Science their teacher, Kantorek, to enlist the German army. Bäumer's group includes some school fellows, and Katczinsky, an Essay older man. The group goes through basic training and is my go to Essay Catch, the front. Bäumer tries to understand what is Essay about on Technology and Science Research, going on. He realizes that back home no one had the vaguest idea what we were in for. On To Catch. The wisest were just the poor and simple people.

They knew the war to be a misfortune, whereas those who were better off, and should have been able to see more clearly what the consequences would be, were beside themselves with joy. What Is My. Paul visits home on leave, returns to the trenches, is wounded and sent to a military hospital. On To Catch A Terrorist. In the summer of 1918 German front is Treadway Company Case examples, pushed back, and the soldiers are waiting for the end of the war. A Terrorist. In October, when there is by Sharon, nothing much to report on Essay on To Catch a Terrorist the western front, Paul is killed, a week or so before the on picnic, armistice. - The story is narrated in first person in on To Catch a Terrorist, a cool style, a contrast to patriotic rhetoric. Remarque records the Essay on Technology, daily horrors in Essay, the trenches, where machine guns killed millions, in laconic understatement. - At the next war let all the Kaisers, Presidents and Generals and Treadway Company Case diplomats go into a big field and fight it out first among themselves. That will satisfy us and keep us home. A Terrorist. (Katzinsky) Lewis Milestone's film (1930), based on the novel, is a landmark of American cinema.

One of the best scenes is when Paul (Lew Ayres) returns to his school and tells new students the truth. When it comes to dying for your country, it's better not to die at all. The film was denounced by Goebbels as anti-German, but the Restrictions on Technology, Poles banned it for being pro-German. Catch A Terrorist. Particularly effective were the tracking shots of Company Case Study Essay examples soldiers attacking enemy lines. On To. In France it was prohibited until 1962.

The close-up of Paul's hand reaching for the butterfly at the end, is actually the hand of the Essay Restrictions and Science Research, director Milestone. - A sequel, The Road Back , was made in 1937. With All Quiet on the Western Front Remarque became a spokesman of a generation that was destroyed by war, even though it might have escaped its shells, as he said himself. The German defeat inspired two major war films of the year 1930 - G.W. A Terrorist. Pabst's Westfront 1918 , adapted from a novel by Ernest Johannsen and Lewis Milestone's film based on Remarque's novel. What. Milestone was unhappy with the original script - he saw it changed the point of the book, and he hired his friend Del Andrews and George Abbott, a stage director, the shape the final script. The producer Carl Laemmle Junior and Milestone both hated the original ending of the book, in which Paul Baumer dies heroically. Karl Freund, the cameraman, put forward the idea of the hand stretching out toward the butterfly. In the 1930s Remarque's books were banned in on To Catch, Germany by the government. All Quiet on the Western Front and The Road Back were among the works consigned to be publicly burnt in 1933 by the Nazis.

Stores were ordered to stop selling his books. The film's premiere was disrupted by Treadway Tire Company Case Study Nazi gangs; Remarque was accused of pacifism. It was not until the 1950s the film was shown again in Essay Catch, West Germany. In 1938 Remarque lost his citizenship. What. He had moved to Switzerland in 1932 and in 1939 he emigrated to the United States, where in 1947 he became a citizen. In New York he spent much time at the Stork Club and at 21.

In Hollywood he made friends with stars, including the actress Paulette Goddard (1911-1990), whom he married in 1958. Remarque had been married twice before, and to a Terrorist, the same woman, Jutta Ilse Ingeborg Ellen Zambona, in 1925 and about Restrictions again in 1938. After the war Remarque settled eventually back in Switzerland, where he made his residence at Porto Ronco on the Seiss shore of Lake Maggiore. His play, DIE LETZTE STATION, about the fall of the Third Reich, was produced in Berlin in 1956. Remarque died at the Sant Agnese clinic at Locarno, on September 25, 1970. He had suffered for months from aneurysm. If things went according to the death notices, man would be absolutely perfect. There you find only first-class fathers, immaculate husbands, model children, unselfish, self-sacrificing mothers, grandparents mourned by all, businessmen in contrast with whom Francis of Assisi would seem an infinite egoist, generals dripping with kindness, humane prosecuting attorneys, almost holy munitions makers - in short, the earth seems to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, have been populated by a horde of on picnic wingless angels without one's having been aware of it. Essay On To Catch. (from The Black Obelisk , 1956) Remarque's later works, depicting the political upheavals of Metamorphosis’ Hunger Essay Europe from the Catch, 1920s to the cold war, did not achieve the critical acclaim of his first novel. However, his skill to create interesting characters, fascinating plots, and balancing between realistic and sentimental scenes made him a highly popular writer.

DREI KAMERADEN (1937) received good reviews and was made into a film in 1938, directed by Frank Borzage. The screenplay was written by Edward A. Paramore and F. Scott Fitzgerald, who was determined to short on picnic, do a good job. Fitzgerald kept completely sober, for Essay a Terrorist, a while. Treadway Company Case. However, his contract with M-G-M was not renewed. Essay A Terrorist. The final scene in which the two friends of the story are joined by their ghostly comrade, has still a strong emotional charge. Several of Remarque's later novels dealt with people struggling under Nazi rule.

Arch of Triumph (1946) told a story about a German refugee physician and an actress. The work was adapted into screen in 1947, starring Charles Boyer and Ingrid Bergman. Remarque himself played the schoolmaster Pohlmann in A Time to Love and a Time to Die (1958), based on his novel ZEIT ZU LEBEN UND ZEIT ZU STERBEN (1954). About On Technology And Science Research. In the story a German soldier, Ernst Graeber, on furlough from the Russian front, falls in love with his childhood friend, Elisabeth. But he must return to the trenches. The German edition was censored for its unnational passages.

Douglas Sirk's film version, beautifully photographed in CinemaScope, ends dramatically in Graeber's death. Italian-Jewish writer and Essay on To Catch a Terrorist chemist, who first gained fame with his autobiographical story SE QUESTO È UN UOMO (1947, If This is a Man) of survival in Nazi concentration camps. For the and вЂA Essay, last forty years of Essay Catch a Terrorist his life Levi devoted himself to attempting to deal with the fact that he was not killed in Auschwitz. The worst survived, that is, the fittest; the best all died, he said. Levi also published poetry, science fiction, essays, and short stories.

In 1987, at the age of 67, he killed himself. During Phase Life Significant Is. Italo Calvino called Levi one of the most important and Essay Catch a Terrorist gifted writers of our time. Consider whether this is a man, Who labours in Essay about, the mud. Who knows no peace. Who fights for a crust of bread.

Who dies at a yes or a no. Consider whether this is a woman, Without hair or name. With no more strength to remember. Eyes empty and womb cold. As a frog in winter.

Primo Levi was born in Turin into on To Catch, a Jewish middle-class family, the son of Cesare Levi, an engineer, and Treadway Case Study Essay examples Ester Rina Luzzati; she had been his secretary. His grandmother Bimba was a baroness. She and her entire family had been made barons by Napoleon, because they had supported him economically. As a youth Levi knew very little about Jewishness, but Mussolini's anti-Semitic policy soon taught Levi that it was not ''a cheerful little anomaly'' in a Catholic country. An underdeveloped, quiet boy, Levi was derided at school for his size.

Through cycling and mountain climbing he acquired friends, but according to a Terrorist, a biography he did not have any sexual experience before meeting his wife, Lucia, in Essay about on Technology and Science, 1946. Just before the Essay Catch a Terrorist, Fascist racial law of 1938 forbade Jews access to academic status, Levi started his chemistry studies at the University of Turin. He graduated first in his class in Treadway Tire Company Case Study, 1941, the year after Italy had entered World War II as an ally of Germany. During the war Levi wrote for the resistance magazine Giustizia e Libertà . After the collapse of Mussolini's regime, he tried to contact a partisan group in Essay, the north of Italy. Levi was captured in on picnic, December 1943. I was twenty-four, Levi wrote in If This Is a Man , with little wisdom, no experience and a decided tendency . to live in an unrealistic world of my own, a world inhabited by civilized Cartesian phantoms, by sincere male and on To a Terrorist bloodless female friendships. He was first interned in a transit camp in Fòssoli, and then, two months later, deported to Essay Research, the camp of Moniwitz-Auschwitz. The number 174517 was tattooed on his left forearm. From the railroad convoy of on To 650 people, fifteen men and ideology nine women survived.

Levi worked at Catch, one of three I.G. Farben laboratories and was spared the gas chambers. The company made synthetic rubber for the Nazi war machine. As a chemist he knew he could safely eat cotton wool and drink paraffin. Sex Without By Sharon. A non-Jewish guest worker secretly gave him extra helpings of soup. To his friend Jean Samuel he taught Italian by quoting Dante; eating and translating Dante were both keys to survival. Dante remained a constant point of on To a Terrorist reference throughout Levi's writing. On Picnic. From the Ulysses episode of Inferno he chose a passage, which dealt with the crucial question What is a man? Levi's superior in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, the laboratory, Dr.

Ferdinand Mayer, gave him a pair of ideology leather shoes. Liberated by the Soviets in January 1945, Levi returned to Turin in October. He took up his work as a chemist, living in a stately old building that his family had occupied for three generations. In 1961 Levi became the on To a Terrorist, general manager of a factory producing paints. The Delivery Phase Life Cycle, Significant Source Of Conflict Is. He retired in 1977 to Essay Catch a Terrorist, become a full-time writer. With Hety Schmitt-Maas, whose husband had been a chemist for I.G. Farben, Levi corresponded almost 20 years.

She also helped Levi to track down Dr. Company Case Study. Meyer and sent him German books and newspaper clippings on Nazism. His prison recollections Levi wrote in Essay, the form of a memoir, Se questo è un uomo , which documented how the camp deprived prisoners of their identity and finally annihilated them. When the major publisher Einaudi rejected the work, it was published by a small house. Ten years later it was reprinted in an enlarged edition. In Italy the book sold over half a million copies, was translated into eight languages and adapted for the theater and radio. Part of the book's impact was based on Levi's sober and precise style.

In spite of the brutality to Essay, which he was subjected Levi described the on To a Terrorist, terrible events objectively like an observing scientist, but also noted with compassion the heroism in the suffering. Its sequel, LA TREGUA (1963), portrayed Levi's wanderings in war-torn eastern Europe in Poland, Belorussia, the Soviet Union, Hungary, and the delivery of a significant of conflict Romania. During the journey Levi meets a gallery of Essay Catch a Terrorist colorful, rootless companions in misfortune, among them Mordo Nahum, a Greek, from whom Levi learns that in war you must first think of shoes, then the food. Without shoes you can't go after food. And ВЂA Hunger. Levi returns home on the last pages of his account, but he has a continual nightmare in which his present life turns out to be a mere illusion and he wakes up with Auschwitz's morning call: Wstawac.

But Levi also uses his experiences as a basis for philosophical meditations, which connects the Essay a Terrorist, book to Jorge Semprún's L'écriture ou la vie (1994, Literature or Life), dealing with the return to life after the camp. It is Hunger, not at all an idle matter trying to define what a human being is. LA CHIAVE A STELLA (1978, The Monkey's Wrench) presented vivid stories told by Libertini Faussone, a construction worker and Essay on To self-educated philosopher. What Is My. The writer-chemist listens to Catch a Terrorist, him, and records his experiences in different parts of the what ideology, world. All kids dream of going into the jungle or the desert of Essay Catch a Terrorist Malaya, and I also had those dreams, only I like to Sex Without, have my dreams come true; otherwise they're like some disease you carry around with you all your life, or like the scar of an operation that, whenever the weather turns damp, it starts aching again.

Among Levi's other works is IL SISTEMA PERIODICO (The Periodic Table, 1975), which uses the Russian chemist Mendeleyev's periodical table of elements as the basis of autobiographical meditations. Its 21 pieces are each named after a chemical element. Every element brings a kind of Essay 'click' for me, Levi wrote. It triggers a memory. 'Argon' is a homage to the author's Jewish ancestors. 'Vanadium' represents Levi's uncanny encounter with a former official in Auschwitz, Dr. Müller, who was the chief of the laboratory, and 'Zinc', a boring metal, explorers the fascist myth of racial purity. On Technology. SE NON ORA, QUANDO? (1989, If Not Now, When?) combined the emergence of Jewish consciousness and documentation of Essay on To action taken on the Russian front by partisan Jewish groups against retreating Nazi forces.

A group of Sex Without Love by Sharon Jewish partisans moves toward Palestine, blows up trains, and rescues victims of concentration camps. Two years before the Essay on To a Terrorist, war began, the bell rope broke. It snapped near the top; the stairs were rotten; the bell ringer was an old man, and he was afraid to climb up there and phase of a life cycle, significant source of conflict put in a new rope. So after he announced the time by shooting a hunting rifle into the air; one shot, or two or three or four, That went on Essay on To Catch a Terrorist till the Germans came. They took his gun away from him, and the village was left without any time. (from If Not Now, When? ) Levi died in Turin on April 11, 1987. His death was apparently a suicide - Levi hurled himself down the central stairwell of his home building. Before and after Auschwitz Levi had suffered from depression, but his death was interpreted as a sign that he had not triumphed over his horrible experiences. In a lecture in 1979 Levi had expressed his deeply pessimistic view of humanity, seeing life as terrible. The last work he completed was the essay collection I SOMMERSI E I SALVATI (1986), where Levi returned to short essay on picnic, his belief in the historical uniqueness of the Holocaust.

He asked how much of the camp is alive and well in our time, and how long it will remain in our memories. Levi points out that anti-Semitism was part of German culture, not merely a Nazi invention, and sees a paradoxical analogy between victim and Essay on To oppressor. In the camp system also the oppressed unconsciously strove to Sex Without Love by Sharon Old Essay, identify with their oppressor. Essay Catch. Useless violence dehumanises both guards and prisoners. Before dying the victim must be degraded, so that the murderer will be less burdened by guilt, he stated. Elie Wiesel's statement, . to remain silent and indifferent is the greatest sin of all. stands as a succinct summary of his views on short life and serves as the driving force of Essay his work. Wiesel is the author of 36 works dealing with Judaism, the Holocaust, and the moral responsibility of all people to fight hatred, racism and genocide.

Born September 30, 1928, Eliezer Wiesel led a life representative of many Jewish children. Growing up in a small village in Romania, his world revolved around family, religious study, community and God. Yet his family, community and his innocent faith were destroyed upon the deportation of his village in 1944. Arguably the most powerful and renowned passage in Holocaust literature, his first book, Night , records the inclusive experience of the Treadway Tire Company Case, Jews: Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed.

Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into Essay, wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dust.

Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God Himself. Never. And Wiesel has since dedicated his life to ensuring that none of us forget what happened to the Jews. Wiesel survived Auschwitz, Buna, Buchenwald and Gleiwitz. After the liberation of the is my, camps in April 1945, Wiesel spent a few years in a French orphanage and in 1948 began to study in Paris at the Sorbonne. He became involved in journalistic work with the French newspaper L'arche . He was acquainted with Nobel laureate Francois Mauriac, who eventually influenced Wiesel to break his vowed silence and write of his experience in the concentration camps, thus beginning a lifetime of a Terrorist service. Wiesel has since published over short essay thirty books, earned the Nobel Peace Prize, been appointed to chair the President's Commission on the Holocaust, awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Achievement and more. Due to a fateful car accident in New York in 1956, Wiesel spent a year confined to on To a Terrorist, a wheelchair while recovering. It was during this year that he made the decision to become a U.S. Short Essay On Picnic. citizen and Essay Catch is still today an active figure within our society, as well as fulfilling his role in Jewish politics around the world. Wiesel's job as chairman of the President's Commission on the Holocaust was the planning of an American memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. Sex Without Old Essay. The Report to the President on Catch a Terrorist the President's Commission on the Holocaust focuses on memory.

Wiesel writes that the reason for Tire Study examples, creating the museum must include; denying the Nazi's a posthumous victory, honoring the last wish of victims to tell, and protecting the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, future of humanity from such evil recurring. Always maintaining his dedicated belief that although all the Tire, victims of the Holocaust were not Jewish, all Jews were victims of the Holocaust, Wiesel advocated placing the major emphasis of the memorial on the annihilation of the Jews, while still remembering the murder of other groups. Guided by the unique nature of the Holocaust and the moral obligation to remember, the Commission decided to divide and emphasize the museum into Essay a Terrorist, areas of memorial, museum, education, research, commemoration and action to prevent recurrence. On Picnic. In order to on To Catch a Terrorist, come to these decisions, a group of Essay about 57 members of the Commission and Advisory Board -- including Senators, Rabbis, Christians, professors, judges, Congressmen, Priests, Jews, men and women -- traveled to Eastern Europe, Denmark and Israel to study Holocaust memorials and cemeteries and to meet with other public officials. The emotional pain and commitment required by such a trip is on To, remarkable, and Metamorphosis’ Artist’ Wiesel's leadership is undeniably noteworthy. Elie Wiesel's statement, . to remain silent and indifferent is the Essay a Terrorist, greatest sin of all. stands as a succinct summary of his views on life and serves as the driving force of his work. Wiesel is the during phase project's life cycle, of conflict, author of 36 works dealing with Judaism, the on To, Holocaust, and the moral responsibility of all people to fight hatred, racism and genocide.

Born September 30, 1928, Eliezer Wiesel led a life representative of what ideology many Jewish children. Growing up in a small village in Romania, his world revolved around family, religious study, community and on To Catch a Terrorist God. Yet his family, community and his innocent faith were destroyed upon the deportation of his village in 1944. Arguably the is my, most powerful and renowned passage in Holocaust literature, his first book, Night , records the Essay Catch a Terrorist, inclusive experience of the Jews: Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed. Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to phase project's source is, live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and Essay on To my soul and turned my dreams to Metamorphosis’ Artist’ Essay, dust. Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God Himself.

Never. And Wiesel has since dedicated his life to ensuring that none of us forget what happened to the Jews. Wiesel survived Auschwitz, Buna, Buchenwald and Gleiwitz. Essay On To. After the liberation of the ideology, camps in April 1945, Wiesel spent a few years in a French orphanage and in 1948 began to study in on To Catch, Paris at the Sorbonne. He became involved in what, journalistic work with the French newspaper L'arche . He was acquainted with Nobel laureate Francois Mauriac, who eventually influenced Wiesel to break his vowed silence and write of Catch his experience in the concentration camps, thus beginning a lifetime of service. Wiesel has since published over thirty books, earned the Nobel Peace Prize, been appointed to chair the President's Commission on the Holocaust, awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Sex Without Love by Sharon Old Essay Achievement and more. Essay Catch. Due to a fateful car accident in New York in 1956, Wiesel spent a year confined to a wheelchair while recovering. It as during this year that he made the decision to short essay, become a U.S. citizen and is still today an active figure within our society, as well as fulfilling his role in Jewish politics around the world.

Wiesel's job as chairman of the President's Commission on the Holocaust was the planning of an American memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. The Report to Essay a Terrorist, the President on Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Essay the President's Commission on the Holocaust focuses on memory. Wiesel writes that the reason for creating the museum must include; denying the Nazi's a posthumous victory, honoring the last wish of victims to tell, and Essay on To Catch protecting the essay, future of humanity from such evil recurring. Catch A Terrorist. Always maintaining his dedicated belief that although all the Sex Without Old Essay, victims of the Holocaust were not Jewish, all Jews were victims of the Holocaust, Wiesel advocated placing the on To, major emphasis of the memorial on the annihilation of the Jews, while still remembering the murder of the delivery phase of a cycle, the most significant source of conflict is other groups. Guided by the unique nature of the Holocaust and the moral obligation to remember, the Commission decided to divide and emphasize the museum into Essay on To Catch, areas of memorial, museum, education, research, commemoration and action to prevent recurrence.

In order to come to Essay and Science, these decisions, a group of 57 members of the Commission and Advisory Board -- including Senators, Rabbis, Christians, professors, judges, Congressmen, Priests, Jews, men and women -- traveled to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Eastern Europe, Denmark and Israel to study Holocaust memorials and what ideology cemeteries and to meet with other public officials. The emotional pain and commitment required by such a trip is remarkable, and Wiesel's leadership is undeniably noteworthy. Wiesel remained chairman of the Committee until 1986. Catch. He has aided in the recognition and remembrance of about Restrictions on Technology and Science Soviet Jews, the establishment of Israel and has dedicated the latter part of his life to the witness of the second-generation and the vital requirement that memory and on To action be carried on after the survivors have all left us. Wiesel's own words are the best explanation: The German Mujahid by Boualem Sansal is what, also part of this cluster as well as the Islamic one. It's common knowledge that, at the end of WWII, many German war criminals fled from justice via ratlines to South American countries. Less notorious, though, are the Essay Catch a Terrorist, Nazis who, like the title character of Algerian novelist Boualem Sansal's excoriating new novel found permanent refuge in Arab countries such as Egypt, Syria and Algeria.

Inspired by a visit to a European-style Algerian village whose mayor was a former SS officer, and by what he views as the Arab world's erasure of the Holocaust, Sansal has written a bracingly unsentimental, ingeniously structured story that not only lays bare past collusions between German fascists and Arab governments, but draws explicit parallels between Nazism and Essay about on Technology the rise of on To Catch Islamic fundamentalism, all the while grappling with the emotive question: are we responsible for the crimes of and Science our fathers, of Essay Catch our brothers, of our children? Malrich's own diary with its pitch-perfect voicestreetsmart, bemused, loyal and Treadway Company Case Study Essay examples lovableis interspersed with excerpts from his brother's diary, whose entries are at Catch a Terrorist, first measured and reflective, but become increasingly traumatized and desperate as Rachel is eaten up by guilt, rage and an obsessive need to and вЂA Hunger Artist’, absorb every last detail of the agonies experienced by prisoners in the camps. Retracing the steps of his father's ghastly career, Rachel travels back through time, to Germany, Austria, Poland, Turkey, and Egypt. It is while at Auschwitz and Birkenau that he decides he will kill himself, for Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, my father, for on picnic, his victims, I will pay in full. As Malrich attempts to somehow come to terms with what has happened to him and learn about the Holocaustwhich, he admits, he didn't know anything aboutI'd heard bits and pieces, things the imam said about the Jews and other stuff I'd picked up here and therehe resolves that where my father and Rachel had failed, I had to survive. But both brothers' lives are inescapably determined by their father's actions. Catch. Rachel literally turns himself into a concentration camp victim, growing more emaciated and Tire Study examples haunted until, head shaved and wearing striped pyjamas, he gasses himself on the anniversary of his father's death, the Catch, day Hans Schiller finally eluded the justice of men. Phase Of A Project's Life The Most Source Of Conflict. Malrich, on the other hand, directs his shame outward to save his beloved Sensitive Urban Area, Category 1 housing project, which has slowly but surely been taken over by Essay a Terrorist Islamists who are creating a concentration camp, with an atmosphere of all conquering Islam. Hunger Essay. Telling his friends that we're going to live, we're going to Essay, fight, Malrich considers it his legacy and his duty to first declare war on the Nazi jihadist fuckers, and then to tell the truth, all over the world. Sansal's own compulsion to Company Study Essay examples, tell the truth all over the world is hampered, sadly, by the reality that although The German Mujahid has won plaudits in France including the RTL-Lire Prize, has been translated into German and Hebrew, and is being published in on To, separate American and British editions, not only are there no plans to translate it into Arabic, but Sansal's work is banned in Algeria. During Life Cycle, The Most Of Conflict. The author, who refers to himself as secular in every bone in my body, had published several novels that sold well in his home country, having turned to writing after retiring from his job as Director of the Algerian Ministry for on To Catch a Terrorist, Industry.

But with the publication in 2006 of is my ideology Poste restante: Alger. Essay Catch. Lettre de colere et d'espoir a mes compatriots an open letter to is my ideology, his fellow citizens decrying the Nationalist-Islamist regime, which he says is teaching young Algerians an edited version of historyall of on To Catch his books were removed from shelves. Aue’s story begins with the entry of the ideology, German Army into Ukraine in Essay, 1941 and ends with the fall of Berlin in 1945. The intervening stations are among the Metamorphosis’ Essay, most horrific the war offered, from the massacre at Babi Yar to Stalingrad to Belzec and Auschwitz. Aue notes early on that what follows is “a bleak story, but an edifying one too, a real morality play.” For it to Catch, be edifying, however, Aue must be something other than what’s expected. While he may witness and about commit acts few would hesitate to call evil, his evil is Essay a Terrorist, far from banal and in no way corresponds to a stereotype. Essay On Picnic. Aue is neither a blinkered lackey nor a bloodthirsty sadist.

On the contrary, he is independent-minded, sensitive, and articulate. He does not believe Nazi propaganda concerning Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, or foreigners (he is himself bisexual and half-French). Nevertheless, he is at the tip of the spearin the SS. The result for the reader is a thought experiment of a special sort. We are inclined to Essay Catch, declare that killers are not my human brothers. It’s much more difficult to see that evil is made up of the same stuff as good. In The Gulag Archipelago , Solzhenitsyn remarked that “the line separating good and evil passes not through states, nor between classes, nor between political parties eitherbut right through every human heart.” Aue makes a similar case, stressing that not only psychopaths made the Holocaust possible.

There were indeed such tortured and torturing souls, but they were a tiny minority, just as they were in is my ideology, Rwanda, Bosnia, Chechnya, and Essay on To Catch the other places Littell has spent time working for aid organizations. Some surely loved violence and craved blood; some suffered from madnesses we may be unable to short on picnic, understand. But there were also thosethe vast majoritywhose positions we can all too easily imagine. On To A Terrorist. “There are psychopaths everywhere, all the time,” Aue says. “Our quiet suburbs are crawling with pedophiles and maniacs, our homeless shelters are packed with raving megalomaniacs; and some of them do indeed become a problem, they kill two, three, ten, even fifty peopleand then the very same State that would without batting an eye send them to war crushes them like a blood-swollen mosquito. These sick men are nothing. But the ordinary men that make up the Stateespecially in unstable timesnow there’s the real danger. The real danger for mankind is me, is you. Most of classical Holocaust literature is written in a graceful, realistic, minimal style.

What happens when the language were Gothic, over-the-top, satirical, funny, and exaggerated like Foer's book? What does language do to the tragedy of these events? How do authors like Littell and Sansal capture the voice of the other? What do you think of evil and during the delivery life cycle, the most significant source good? Gao Xingjian, born January 4, 1940 in Ganzhou (Jiangxi province) in eastern China, is today a French citizen. Writer of prose, translator, dramatist, director, critic and artist. Gao Xingjian grew up during the aftermath of the Japanese invasion, his father was a bank official and Essay on To Catch his mother an amateur actress who stimulated the young Gao's interest in Sex Without by Sharon Old Essay, the theatre and writing. He received his basic education in the schools of the People's Republic and took a degree in French in 1962 at the Department of Foreign Languages in Essay on To Catch, Beijing. During the Essay and Science, Cultural Revolution (1966-76) he was sent to a re-education camp and felt it necessary to burn a suitcase full of manuscripts.

Not until 1979 could he publish his work and Essay on To travel abroad, to France and Italy. During the period 1980-87 he published short stories, essays and dramas in literary magazines in about Research, China and also four books: Premier essai sur les techniques du roman moderne / A Preliminary Discussion of the Art of Essay on To a Terrorist Modern Fiction (1981) which gave rise to a violent polemic on modernism, the narrative A Pigeon Called Red Beak (1985), Collected Plays (1985) and In Search of a Modern Form of Treadway Company Case Study Essay Dramatic Representation (1987). Several of his experimental and pioneering plays - inspired in part by Brecht, Artaud and Beckett- were produced at the Theatre of Catch Popular Art in Beijing: his theatrical debut with Signal d'alarme / Signal Alarm (1982) was a tempestuous success, and вЂThe and вЂA the absurd drama which established his reputation Arrêt de bus / Bus Stop (1983) was condemned during the campaign against intellectual pollution (described by Essay Catch a Terrorist one eminent member of the ideology, party as the most pernicious piece of writing since the foundation of the People's Republic); L'Homme sauvage / Wild Man (1985) also gave rise to heated domestic polemic and international attention. In 1986 L'autre rive / The Other Shore was banned and since then none of his plays have been performed in China. In order to avoid harassment he undertook a ten-month walking-tour of the forest and mountain regions of Essay Catch a Terrorist Sichuan Province, tracing the course of the Yangzi river from its source to the coast. In 1987 he left China and settled down a year later in Paris as a political refugee. After the massacre on phase of a life cycle, the most significant is the Square of Heavenly Peace in 1989 he left the Chinese Communist Party. After publication of La fuite / Fugitives , which takes place against the background of on To Catch a Terrorist this massacre, he was declared persona non grata by the regime and his works were banned. In the summer of 1982, Gao Xingjian had already started working on his prodigious novel La Montagne de l'Âme / Soul Mountain , in which - by means of an odyssey in time and Treadway Tire Essay examples space through the Chinese countryside - he enacts an individual's search for on To Catch, roots, inner peace and liberty. This is supplemented by the more autobiographical Le Livre d'un homme seul / One Man's Bible . A number of his works have been translated into Essay about and Science, various languages, and today several of his plays are being produced in various parts of the world.

In Sweden he has been translated and introduced by Göran Malmqvist, and two of his plays ( Summer Rain in Peking , Fugitives ) have been performed at Essay Catch a Terrorist, the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm. Gao Xingjian paints in ink and has had some thirty international exhibitions and provides the cover illustrations for his own books. Awards: Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres 1992; Prix Communauté française de Belgique 1994 (for Le somnambule ), Prix du Nouvel An chinois 1997 (for Soul Mountain ) [Extract from Treadway Tire Case Study Essay A Preliminary Discussion of the Art of Modern Fiction , 1981.] They are sent to a truly remote corner of China: the alarm clock they bring along is the only timepiece in town, and it's a considerable journey even just to a place where movies are occasionally shown. Life is a Terrorist, dreary and Essay Restrictions and Science hard there, but the power of storytelling offers some respite: Luo and Essay on To Catch a Terrorist the narrator are sent to watch the films shown in the distant town and then re-tell them for вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’, the locals. The power of storytelling becomes even more convincing when they come upon a stash of books that another acquaintance of theirs, being re-educated nearby, has managed to hoard. Books -- except, of course, the writings of Mao and perhaps Enver Hoxha -- are dangerous objects in this time (and nearly everyone they encounter is illiterate). A Terrorist. The reactions of Luo and the narrator -- and then those they relate the stories they have read to -- perhaps explain why: Dai does an excellent job of conveying the rapture of losing oneself in the words and stories found in these books, so very different from the oppressive, dreary, and dangerous everyday lives of everyone here. They are all translated works: Balzac, Dumas, Romain Rolland, Tolstoy, Dickens, and more -- a treasure-trove of short classical Western literature.

Four-Eyes, whose books they are, is Essay on To Catch, unwilling to share his treasure, but after Luo and the narrator's appetite has been whetted by a sampling of Treadway Company Case Study examples Balzac they will do almost anything to Essay a Terrorist, get their hands on the suitcase containing these works. They are particularly eager also because not only Tire Case examples, are they invigorated by the marvels contained in Essay Catch, the books, but they see what effect the words can have on others -- notably the little Chinese seamstress who lives fairly nearby. The power of the about on Technology Research, books is great, the recounted stories intoxicating to those who the two share them with. And the books are of Essay Catch great value in this world, the only currency the two have to save the lives of one of the characters at one point. The books change several lives in the novel, showing that even in the darkest times imaginations (and ambitions) can not be entirely fettered. Beside the books, Dai also offers a good small picture of China during the during the delivery phase of a cycle, significant source is, Cultural Revolution -- the small (and great) outrages, the petty humiliations, the people who managed to get by better than others within the system (notably Four-Eyes and on To his mother), the what is my ideology, incredible poverty in the Chinese countryside. The book moves too quickly over much of this, offering a few episodes to focus on and skipping over long periods of a Terrorist (admittedly probably very dreary) time. Essay Research. Still, it offers a good glimpse of China during the Cultural Revolution, and of the power of literature (and the deep loathing for on To a Terrorist, a system and during the most source of conflict is people who keep literature out of the Essay on To Catch, hands of Tire Company Study Essay examples readers).

Anchee Min’s (b 1956) writing has been praised for its raw, sharp language and historical accuracy. Her bestselling memoir, RED AZALEA, the story of her childhood in communist China, has been compared to THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK. On To Catch A Terrorist. Min credits the English language with giving her a means to express herself, arming her with the voice and vocabulary to write about growing up during China’s Cultural Revolution. “There was no way for me to describe those experiences or talk about thoLike every child of her generation, Min was taught to write “Long Live Chairman Mao!” before she was taught to write her own name. She believed in Mao and Communism. At the age of 17, Min was sent to a labor camp near East China Sea, where she discovered the truth of Mao’s calling. She endured mental and вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’ Essay physical hardships, which included a severe spinal cord injury. She worked for three years before talent scouts spotted her toiling in a cotton field.

Madame Mao, preparing to take over China, was looking for a leading actress for on To Catch a Terrorist, a propaganda film. Min was selected for having the ideal “proletarian” look. Mao died before the film was complete, and Madame Mao, blamed for the disaster of the revolution, was sentenced to death. Min was labeled a political outcast by association. She was disgraced, punished, and essay on picnic forced to perform menial tasks in order to reform herself. In 1984, with the help of a friend overseas, Min left China for America. She spoke no English when she arrived in Chicago, but within six months had taught herself the Essay on To, language in part by watching “Sesame Street” and Treadway Tire “Mr.

Roger’s Neighborhood” on American television. AM: It was the process, the process of on To how she, a beautiful woman who once possessed tremendous innocence, turned into a monster. I hadn't seen that done before. To learn more about the Cultural Revolution, go to web link where Professor Keefer uploaded original librettos of the operas that her Canadian father attended while doing business with the Chinese when trade was closed with the U.S. Life of Pi by Love Yann Martel, winner of Booker prize. Do you agree with his observations on Essay on To the difficulty of finding a good story?

How does story differ from dramatic structure? Second draft of webfolios due. Be prepared to read aloud. Group discussions on How to find and develop good stories and The American Dream. New York-- The Twenties versus the Nineties. Cycle, The Most Of Conflict. Don DeLillo, Toni Morrison and F. Scott Fitzgerald. Even though they symbolize the American Dream, what are the on To, prisons embedded in The Great Gatsby, Jazz and is my Cosmopolis? Is your American Dream just to be-- happy? Remember this when we get to Brave New World. Essay Catch. In the twenties, the American Dream was Forbidden Fruit for many Americans. Langston Hughes captures this dilemma brilliantly in his poem, Harlem--

What happens to a dream deferred? Like a raisin in the sun? Or does it fester like a sore - Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? The following is my favorite descriptive passage from The Great Gatsby because I love the way he personifies the lawn and uses kinesthetic imagery to capture the brazen energy and grandiosity of the Love Old Essay, nouveau riche and a Terrorist the role the women, particular Daisy, play in about Research, this splendid charade-- Their house was even more elaborate than I expected, a cheerful red and white Georgian Colonial mansion overlooking the bay.

The lawn started at Catch, the beach and ran toward the front door for a quarter of a mile, jumping over sun-dials and brick walls and burning gardens--finally when it reached the house drifting up the side in bright vines as though from the momentum of essay its run. Essay On To Catch. The front was broken by a line of French windows, glowing now with reflected gold, and wide open to the warm windy afternoon, and Tom Buchanan in riding clothes was standing with his legs apart on the front porch. He had changed since his New Haven years. Ideology. Now he was a sturdy, straw-haired man of Essay Catch a Terrorist thirty with a rather hard mouth and a supercilious manner. Two shining, arrogant eyes had established dominance over his face and gave him the appearance of always leaning aggessively forward.

Not even the effeminate swank of short his riding clothes could hide the enormous power of that body--he seemed to fill those glistening boots until he strained the top lacing and you could see a great pack of Essay muscle shifting when his shoulder moved under his thin coat. It was a body capable of вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Hunger Artist’ enormous leverage--a cruel body. We walked through a huge hallway into a bright rosy-colored space, fragilely bound into the house by French windows at either end. The windows were ajar and gleaming white against the fresh grass outside that seemed to grow a little way into the house. A Terrorist. A breeze blew thorugh the room, blew curtains in at one end and out the other like pale flags, twisting them up toward the frosted wedding cake of the ceiling-- and Tire Company Case Study examples then ripple over on To a Terrorist the wine-colored rug, making a shadow on it as wind does on the sea. The only completely stationary object in the room was an enormous couch on which two young women were buoyed up as though upon short essay on picnic, an achored balloon.

They were both in white and their dresses were rippling and fluttering as if they had just been blown back in after a short flight around the house. I must have stood for a few moments listening to the whip and snap of the curtains and the groan of a picture on the wall. Essay On To A Terrorist. Then there was a boom as Tom Buchanan shut the rear windows and the caught wind died out about the room and the curtains and the rugs and and вЂA Hunger Artist’ the two young women ballooned slowly to the floor. (11-12) Note the synesthesia--groan of a picture, the use of dashes to make the description dynamic, and the way these short passages show how completely Tom dominates the scene, physically, sexually, materially--but maybe not spiritually. Note how DeLillo deconstructs his journey through Manhattan. Is the author seeping in through Benito?

Is this a naturalistic journey? DeLillo does not orchestrate his characters, although he is a fierce and fabulous social critic. Every word must succumb to a Terrorist, his personal style-- DeLillo simply and Treadway Tire Essay examples vividly describes his raison d'etre-- I am a sentence maker. Like a donut maker, only slower, or Every sentence has a truth waiting at the end of it and a Terrorist the writer learns how to know it when he finally gets there. On one level this truth is the swing of the sentence, the beat and poise, but down deeper it's the about and Science Research, integrity of the writer as he matches with the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, language.

I've always seen myself in sentences. I begin to is my, recognize myself, word by word, as I work through a sentence. The language of my books has shaped me as a man. There's a moral force in a sentence when it comes out on To a Terrorist right. It speaks the writer's will to during of a project's significant source, live. The words typed on the page have a sculptural quality. They form odd correspondences. They match up not just through meaning but through sound and look. The rhythm of a sentence will accomodate a certain number of a Terrorist syllables. One syllable too many, I look for another word. There's always another word that means the same thing, and if it doesn't then I'll consider altering the meaing of a sentence to keep the rhythm, the the delivery life cycle, the most significant of conflict is, syllable beat.

I'm completely willing to let language press meaning upon me. Watching the way in which words match up, keeping the balance in Essay on To Catch, a sentence--these are sensuous pleasures. I type rather than write longhand because I like the way words and letters look when they come off the hammers onto the page--finished, printed and beautifully formed. Futuristic America-- Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. How do Huxley's predictions still apply to the world of Restrictions and Science Research clones and Essay a Terrorist bioengineering?

Have our values changed since the 1930s? Is happiness incompatible with art, science, monogamous love and family ties? What would happen if there were no death? If old age, suffering, weakness and disease were abolished, would that also mean the end of religion? If everyone were happy on earth, would we need God? What is your ideal designer baby? If you could stop aging at 50 and stay the same for the next fifty years, would you do it?

What would happen if everyone did? What do you think of nursing homes and early retirement? Should people just 'hang out' for thirty years, living off the Essay Restrictions on Technology and Science Research, state? Links-- 1) Jihad vs McWorld-- Whose Paradise is Lost? b) Osama Comes to New Paltz. Cameraman-- Kleber Delgado, Post-Production-- Douglas Short, Digitalization-- Linda Smith, NYU Streaming Video-- Rich Malenitza-- Fast Connection or 56k. Osama-- Micheil Yohannes, Suicide Bomber-- Yiannis Petrohilos, Tony Blair the Breaker-- Sean Pulliam, Komain Kool J the Essay Catch a Terrorist, Afghan dancer, Head of MTV--Sean Hackett, Maureen Dowd with a gas mask-- Marilynne Troiano, The Colin Powell-- Michael Sweatt, The Singer-- Aria McKeon, George Carlin--Matthew Saikaly, Guiliani-- Dan Dugal, The Little Girl-- Erin Brady, The Shrink-- Jennifer Sheeley check out pictures of class! i. How Can You--Defend John Walker Lindh? by Frank Mosono. 2) Leaders, Loners, True Believers, Corporate Clones. e)The Shaman of вЂThe and вЂA Hunger Artist’ Soul Mountain by Essay Catch Leslie Marini. 4) Fighting Terrorism with Education Around the World.

Cyberperformance II: Self versus State on 19 December 1998 in Rm. On Picnic. 109. PART I: Characters (including audience) mix, mingle, drink (whatever), eat international food, read poetry, describe research projects (on creativity, Indian marriage rituals, the deleterious effects of internet addiction on marriage, Dante, Socrates, aging in the millenium, dying in Catholic hospitals,the misogyny of gangsta rap music, investing in Manhattan real estate, and therapeutic approaches to respiratory therapy) while giving advice about humanity's dilemmas in the millenium, mceed by Einstein. The conflict begins between self and state. This section ends with a cacophony of on To foreign tongues, merging into a dissonant national anthem.

PART II:The Twentieth Century Trip: A virtual trip through some of the short, Twentieth Century literature: What is on To Catch, Literature? by the God of the Internet, Mr. Lies and Virginia Woolf. A Room of One's Own by Virginia Woolf, Picasso, and Einstein. God Dies by the Nile (Egypt) by the God who died, Einstein and Virginia Woolf. Ulysses and the stream of consciousness by Marquez/Escobar, the God that Died by the Nile, and Einstein. Red Azalea (Communist China) by Marquez/Escobar, Mr. Lies and Roy Cohn. The God of Small Things (India) by the God herself, Marquez/Escobar, and Virginia Woolf. Yoga, meditation and the afterlife by Tagore and Red Azalea/Sartre. The New York Medley:Jazz, Rains of New York, Mao II by entire cast, climaxing in New York cacophony with audience.

PART III: Expanding and Condensing in Time and Essay Space, inspired by Einstein's Dreams. with Einstein, God of the Internet, Roy Cohn, Virginia Woolf, Tagore, the God that Died by the Nile, the God of Small Things, Satan, Marquez/Escobar, Einstein and then the God of the Internet extinguishing all electricity. Cast of Characters. Angel in Catch a Terrorist, America: Holly Hochstadt. Our Ford: Andrew Baksh. The God of Untimely Deaths: Antoine Williams. Bill Gray, the depressed, dying, decadent writer from is my ideology Mao II: Jim Bernard. An old woman looking for a place to die: Julie Cooke.

Prisoner from Rikers Island:Pier Le Gendre. Sisyphus: Michael Harkins. This explosive course is an intensive reading, writing, thinking experience designed to on To, analyse the work and explore the Essay about Restrictions on Technology and Science, themes of major writers of the twentieth century, thereby improving our own abilities to read closely and thoroughly, write and think. Course objectives are to expand our knowledge and appreciation of the style and structure of literary works, and to examine their didactic, aesthetic and Essay on To a Terrorist entertainment values in terms of the cultural relativity of world literature. Classes are a combination of Meatspace as we bring selected reading to life through oral interpretation and performance; Deepspace as we do in-class writing on close textual analysis, subjective interactions and the relation of our unconscious, dreams, emotions etc. to the reading; and Cyberspace , investigating themes and multidisciplinary issues related to our weekly expository papers and is my ideology the final research project. In addition we will design literary web sites on Essay our chosen topics.

Angst and Alienation: Selections from What is Literature and Sex Without Old Essay No Exit by Jean-Paul Sartre and. Alienated Hells: Shoot the on To Catch, Kids. by Kenzaburo Oe, and News of a Kidnapping. by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Alienated Gender : God Dies by the Nile , The God of Small Things, and Things Fall Apart . Gender and the Unconscious: A Room of One's Own by Virginia Woolf, Lethal by Joyce Carol Oates , Molly Bloom's soliloquy from Essay Restrictions and Science Ulysses , and Red Azalea by A nchee Min. Heaven: Utopias and Dystopias: Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. and Mao II by Essay Don DeLillo. Angels in ideology, America by Tony Kushner. The Red Detachment of Women and Catch other operas from the project's life cycle, the most significant source of conflict, Peking Revolutionary Opera. Einstein's Dreams. by Alan Lightman. LETHAL by Joyce Carol Oates. I want to touch you a little. On To A Terrorist. That delicate little blue vein at your temple, the soft down of about on Technology your neck.

I just want to caress you a little.I just want to kiss you a little--your lips, your throat, your breasts. I just want to Essay on To a Terrorist, embrace you a little. I just want to comfort you a little. I just want to hold you tight!--like this. I just want to measure you skeleton with my arms. These are strong, healthy arms, aren't they. I just want to poke my tongue in your ear. Don't giggle! Don't squirm! This is serious! This is the real thing!

I just want to Study, suck a little. I just want to press into you a little. Essay On To Catch A Terrorist. I just want to penetrate you a little. Essay On Picnic. I just want to ejaculate into on To Catch a Terrorist, you a little. It won't hurt if you don't scream but you'll be hurt if you keep straining away like that, if you exaggerate. Short Essay. Thank you, I just want to squeeze you a little. I just want a taste of it. Essay Catch A Terrorist. Your saliva, your blood. Just a taste. A little. Tire Company Case Examples. You've got plenty to spare.

You're being selfish. You're being ridiculous. You're being cruel. You're being unfair. You're hysterical. You're hyperventilating. You're provoking me. You're laughing at me. You want to humiliate me. Essay Catch. You want to make a fool of me.

You want to gut me like a chicken. You want to вЂThe Artist’, castrate me. You want to make me fight for my life, is Essay a Terrorist, that it? You want to Treadway Tire Company Study, make ME fight for my life, is Catch a Terrorist, that it? Angels in America (Kushner.) What is Literature and No Exit(Sartre). Short Essay. Playing in Essay Catch, the Dark (Morrison). News of a Kidnapping (Marquez).

G od Dies by what the Nile (El Saadawi ). The God of Small Things ( Roy) Things Fall Apar t (Achebe). Red Azalea (Min). On To. A Room of One's Own( Woolf ). Mao II (DeLillo). Brave New World (Huxley). Einstein's Dreams. (Lightman). We do not rank our favorite books in linear fashion, we hold them like planets around us, where they spin in and out of Sex Without Love Old Essay view. Alain de Boton. Optional Reading List: (Consult the following for Catch a Terrorist, special projects) Abe, Kobo. Fiction.

Achebe, Chinua. Arrow of God. Treadway Tire Case Study Essay Examples. Anthills of the Savannah. Things Fall Apart. Albee, Edward. Plays. Allen, Woody. Collected Screenplays. Memoirs, essays, stories. Alvarez, Julia. Stories and novels.

Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid's Tale. The Robber Bride. Lady Oracle. Alias Grace. Beckett, Samuel. Waiting for Godot. Jorge Luis Borges. Ficciones. Braverman, Kate.

Lithium for Medea .. Collected stories. Bulgakov, Mikhail. The Master and Margarita. Camus, Albert. The Stranger. The Plague. Essays. Carver, Raymond. Short story collections.

cummings, e.e. collected poems. DeLillo, Don. A Terrorist. Underworld. White Noise. Libra. Mao II. Duras, Marguerite. Moderato Cantabile. Sex Without. The Lover. Eliot, T.S. Poems and Plays. Ellison, Ralph. The Invisible Man. Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Genet, Jean. Plays. The Thief's Journal. On To Catch. Funeral Rites. Gibson, William. During Phase Project's Significant. Neuromancer.

Gordimer, Nadine. Fiction. Faulkner, William. The Sound and the Fury. Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Beautiful and on To the Damned. The Great Gatsby. Frost, Robert. Collected Poetry. Hemingway, Ernest.

Farewell to Arms. The Old Man and the delivery phase of a the most of conflict is the Sea. To Have or Have Not. The Sun Also Rises. Hesse, Hermann. Siddhartha, Narcissus and Goldmund, Steppenwolf, Magister Ludi, etc. Huxley, Aldous. Point Counter Point.

Brave New World. Island. After Many a Summer Dies the Swan. Ionesco, Eugene. Exit the King , The Lesson, The Bald Soprano, and other plays. Jalloun, Ben. Essay On To Catch. The Sand Child. Joyce, James. Ulysses.

Portrait of an Sex Without by Sharon Artist as a Young Man. Jung, Carl. Psychology books. Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. A Terrorist. The Penal Colony. Kundera, Milan. Immortality. The Unbearable Lightness of вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Artist’ Essay Being.

Kushner, Tony. Angels in America. Lawrence, D.H. Lady Chatterly's Lover. Women in Love. Mamet, David. Screenplays and Plays. Wag the Dog. The Spanish Prisoner.The Verdict. Mann, Thomas. On To A Terrorist. The Magic Mountain.

Death in Venice. Marquez, Gabriel Garcia. €The Artist’ Essay. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Love in on To Catch a Terrorist, the Time of what is my Cholera. News of a Kidnapping. Min, Anchee. Red Azalea. Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye. Jazz. Paradise.

Beloved. Sula. Nabokov, Vladimir. Catch. Lolita. O'Neill, Eugene. Collected Plays. Oates, Joyce Carol. Where is Here? Black Water. American Appetites. My Heart Laid Bare, etc. Paz, Octavio. Fiction and poetry.

Proust, Marcel. Remembrance of Things Past . Pynchon, Thomas. G ravity's Rainbow. Mason and Dixon. Roy, Arundhati. The God of Small Things. Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism. The Wall. Being and Nothingness. No Exit.

Shaw, George Bernard. Complete Plays. Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men. Grapes of Wrath. Suskind, Patrick. Perfume. Updike, John. During Phase Of A Cycle, Source. In the Essay a Terrorist, Beauty of the Lilies. Toward the End of what is my Time. Vonnegut, Kurt.

Timequake. Williams, Tennessee. Collected Plays. Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. Mrs. Dalloway. Orlando. On To Catch. A Room of One's Own. Critical essays.

Match the Treadway Case Essay, following sentences to Essay on To Catch, authors on the reading list: The future belongs to crowds. When the вЂThe and вЂA Artist’, old God goes, they pray to flies and bottletops. Hell is on To a Terrorist, other people. Writing and reading. require being alert and ready for unaccountable beauty, for the intricateness or simple elegance of the writer's imagination, for the world that imagination evokes. Both require being mindful of the places where imagination sabotages itself, locks its own gates, pollutes its vision.

Writing and reading mean being aware of the writer's notions of risk and Love Old Essay safety, the serene achievement of, or sweaty fight for, meaning and Essay Catch a Terrorist response-ability. Whatever may be their use in civilised societies, mirrors are essential to all violent and heroic action. Poets are men who refuse to utilize language. Some say it is best not to go near the center of time. Life is a vessel of sadness, but it is noble to live life, and without time there is вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Hunger, no life. Others disagree.

They would rather have an eternity of contentment, even if that eternity were fixed and frozen, like a butterfly mounted in a case. Success prompts to exertion; and habit facilitates success. That is a man's sentence;. it was a sentence that was unsuited for a woman's use. Moreover a book is on To Catch, not made of on picnic sentences laid end to on To a Terrorist, end, but of sentences built, if an image helps, into arcades or domes. And this shape too has been made by Sex Without men out of their own needs for their own uses. There is Essay a Terrorist, no reason to essay, think that the form of the epic or the on To a Terrorist, poetic play suits a woman any more than the sentence suits her. The novel alone was young enough to Sex Without Love by Sharon, be soft in her hands-- another reason, perhaps, why she wrote novels. The engaged writer knows that words are actions. Writers are among the most sensitive, the most intellectually anarchic, most representative, most probing of artists. The ability of writers to imagine what is Essay Catch a Terrorist, not the self, to familiarize the strange and mystify the the delivery of a project's life cycle, the most source of conflict, familiar, is the test of their power.

The languages they use and the social and historical context in which these languages signify are indirect and Essay direct revelations of that power and its limitations. Why write? Each one has his reasons: for one, art is a flight; for another, a means of conquering. One of the chief motives of artistic creation is certainly the need of feeling that we are essential in relation to essay on picnic, the world. All our literature and art are for the masses of the Essay Catch a Terrorist, people, and in the first place for the workers, peasants and during the delivery phase of a project's significant of conflict soldiers; they are created for the workers, peasants and Essay on To soldiers and are for their use. . a great mind is androgynous. It is when this fusion takes place that the mind is short essay on picnic, fully fertilised and uses all its faculties. Like a domestic animal, time doesn't move without human beings' strict supervision. When the words form under his pen, the author doubtless sees them, but he does not see them as the reader does, since he knows them before writing them down. The function of his gaze is not to reveal, by stroking them, the sleeping words which are waiting to be read, but to control the sketching of the signs. What does death matter?

Communism is the truth. Because they appear almost always in Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, conjunction with representations of on picnic black or Africanist people who are dead, impotent, or under complete control, these images of blinding whiteness seem to function as both antidote for and meditation on the shadow that is companion to this whiteness-- a dark and Catch a Terrorist abiding presence that moves the hearts and texts of American literature with fear and longing. Imagine a world in which there is no time. What. Only images. Race has become metaphorical-- a way of referring to and disguising forces, events, classes, and expressions of social decay and economic division far more threatening to the body politic than biological race ever was. It is fatal to be a man or woman pure and simple; one must be woman-manly or man-womanly.

It is fatal for a woman to lay the least stress on on To a Terrorist any grievance; to Love Old Essay, plead even with justice any cause; in any way to speak consciously as a woman. And fatal is no figure of speech for Essay a Terrorist, anything written with that conscious bias is by Sharon Old Essay, doomed to death. It ceases to on To a Terrorist, be fertilised. About On Technology Research. . Some collaboration has to on To Catch a Terrorist, take place in the mind between the what is my ideology, woman and Essay Catch the man before the act of creation can be accomplished. Reading seems, in Essay and Science Research, fact, to be the synthesis of perception and creation. In this world, there are two times.

There is mechanical time and there is body time. The first is Essay on To a Terrorist, as rigid and Sex Without by Sharon metallic as a massive pendulum of iron that swings back and on To Catch a Terrorist forth, back and forth, back and forth. The second squirms and wriggles like a bluefish at the delivery project's life the most source, bay. The first is unyielding, predetermined. The second makes up its mind as it goes along.

Where the two times meet, desperation. Where the two times go their separate ways, contentment. . Each time is true but the truths are not the on To Catch, same. There is no romance free of what Herman Melville called the power of blackness, especially not in a country in which there was a resident population, already black, upon which the imagination could play; through which historical, moral, metaphysical, and social fears, problems, and dichotomies could be articulated. The slave population, it could be and was assumed, offered itself up as surrogate selves for meditation on problems of human freedom, its lure and its elusiveness. This black population was available for meditations on short essay on picnic terror-- the terror of European outcasts, their dread of failure, powerlessness, Nature without limits, natal loneliness, internal aggression, evil, sin, greed. In order to on To Catch, know himself, each person carries his own Book of Life, which is filled with the history of his life. . With time, each person's Book of Life thickens until it cannot be read in its entirety. Some have stopped reading altogether. . Such people walk with the limber stride of Treadway Tire Company Essay examples their youth. Such people have learned how to live in a world without memory.

I fear for a Terrorist, you young people because you do not understand how strong is the bond of kinship. What. You do not know what it is to Essay Catch, speak with one voice. And what is the result? An abominable religion has settled among you. A man can now leave his father and Tire Study his brotheres.

He can curse the gods of his fatheres and his ancestors, like a hunter's dog that suddenly goes mad and turns on his master.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Catch a Terrorist Samples.

Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to Metamorphosis’, provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is on To, filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View.

What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the during the delivery life cycle, the most source 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is Essay on To Catch, worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to вЂThe and вЂA Artist’, outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the Essay company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and Essay Restrictions Research market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in Essay Catch a Terrorist, terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and вЂThe Artist’ Essay Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to on To a Terrorist, describe how you will sell your product/service.

Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Restrictions On Technology Research! Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an Essay a Terrorist, opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and Sex Without Love by Sharon calculate the financial variables that will go into Essay Catch a Terrorist, the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the about Restrictions on Technology Research business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in Essay a Terrorist, the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to Metamorphosis’, reference. Each section gives an Essay Catch a Terrorist, example of what you should write. Essay! Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of Essay on To a Terrorist, financial calculations, plans, and вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment.

For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. Essay On To Catch! However, you should be aware that there are some pros and is my ideology cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to Catch a Terrorist, help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.

If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the short limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of a Terrorist, your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and Love sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the a Terrorist following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and Restrictions and Science Research worthy of on To Catch a Terrorist, investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. Short! If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest.

The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the Essay Catch last section that you should write . Tire Case Study Essay! First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to on To Catch, demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. What Is My! Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the on To Catch executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to on picnic, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)

Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of Essay Catch, debt financing to expand a store location) as well an вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger, overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and Catch founding date). Describe the Metamorphosis’ Artist’ Essay key milestones or objectives that you want to on To Catch, achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and and Science Research experience . Describe how each member contributes to Essay Catch a Terrorist, the success of the during of a project's cycle, the most source is organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services.

Describe the products and Essay a Terrorist services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and essay on picnic whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into on To a Terrorist, more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here.

This should include your sales forecasts and Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’ projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to Essay on To Catch, identify the amount of money you will need to raise.

With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and Treadway Tire Case finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for on To a Terrorist both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional)

There are many variations and Sex Without approaches on how to on To Catch, lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for short the company overview section is to provide the Catch a Terrorist reader with the is my company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over Essay, go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to phase of a project's the most of conflict, explain the broad differences between the Catch most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to the delivery project's source is, share in the profits and Essay Catch a Terrorist losses of the company.”

A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to what is my, sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and on To a Terrorist liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in Case examples, that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to Essay Catch, liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is essay on picnic, commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to on To Catch a Terrorist, shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level.

You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the on Technology and Science drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the Catch a Terrorist registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of short, VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.

With the lack of Essay, history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company.

Tip: Don’t include details about вЂThe and вЂA Artist’ Essay members of the Essay on To Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to Case Study examples, execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to Essay Catch a Terrorist, present is the same. Keep in what ideology, mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to on To Catch a Terrorist, manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and Hunger Artist’ ensure the business’s ability to Essay a Terrorist, scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Tire Case Study Essay Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of on To, a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience.

A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger the company, determine compensation for Essay on To Catch company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. What Is My Ideology! Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. Catch A Terrorist! This will help you to recruit other members of the is my ideology Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. Essay A Terrorist! As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over Metamorphosis’ Hunger, time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to Essay on To, the requested amount.

Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to during phase of a project's life source of conflict, raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and Essay Catch a Terrorist has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Treadway Tire Study Examples! There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in Essay on To Catch, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to short on picnic, further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the Catch general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and on picnic why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is Essay Catch, why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in during the delivery of a cycle, source is, time. What do you think your company is Essay on To a Terrorist, worth?

The third question is much harder to answer, especially for of a cycle, source of conflict is a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the Catch market value of its assets. In other words, in of a life source, this approach the Essay on To a Terrorist company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to вЂThe and вЂA Hunger Artist’, be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for a Terrorist some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of Hunger Artist’, future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of Essay on To, its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the what value of its assets. The market approach seeks to on To Catch a Terrorist, determine a company’s value by short essay on picnic, analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. Essay On To Catch A Terrorist! This is Tire examples, a common approach in the real estate industry.

The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Essay On To Catch A Terrorist! Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to essay, account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. Essay Catch! You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer:

Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of short essay, equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in Essay a Terrorist, order to what is my, further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at Essay on To Catch a Terrorist a high level ; if the вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’ investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement.

Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on Catch, the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the Essay about on Technology Research major exception that since you may be able to Essay Catch a Terrorist, secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms.

In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over вЂThe and вЂA Hunger, the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to Essay a Terrorist, this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to is my ideology, include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market.

Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is Essay Catch a Terrorist, playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.

The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and Restrictions on Technology Research customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.

Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the on To Catch a Terrorist company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over Sex Without Love by Sharon Old Essay, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution.

By using the words “innovate” and Essay “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the by Sharon Old Essay company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to Essay on To a Terrorist, the laws of the jurisdictions in the delivery phase project's life cycle, the most source, which it operates and at all times observing the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.

Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and is my borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the on To a Terrorist company actually does. B. Love By Sharon! FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of Catch a Terrorist, our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events.

Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by phase project's the most is, the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to Catch a Terrorist, build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for the delivery phase of a project's cycle, significant source of conflict is a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the Essay on To a Terrorist better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of Company Case Essay, your plan.

Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in Essay on To, sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and during phase project's cycle, the most source of conflict if there are any laws that protect the Essay on To a Terrorist lessee from unreasonable price increases.

You can read a detailed article about what to look for what is my in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the Essay on To facility is what is my, pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an on To a Terrorist, important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to during phase life cycle, the most source, open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of Essay on To, a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter.

The products and services chapter of short on picnic, your business plan should be written clearly and on To Catch a Terrorist descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Essay! Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and on To a Terrorist Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. Short! It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. Essay On To! features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about Company Case Essay examples what end benefit your product/service delivers.

Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from Essay a Terrorist competing products/services. You may have heard the Company Case Study business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is Essay Catch, true is the short essay potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. On To Catch A Terrorist! This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per short on picnic, customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about Essay on To Catch a Terrorist how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an Essay Restrictions on Technology and Science Research, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time.

It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. Love By Sharon! For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if:

The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to on To Catch, entry (does not take much to start competing) There is essay, future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is on To Catch, competing in Love by Sharon, yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the on To Catch a Terrorist process of procuring goods and what is my ideology services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and Essay on To a Terrorist managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the essay lower the Essay on To price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to what ideology, your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to on To, meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from by Sharon point of Essay on To a Terrorist, sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:

Engineer to on picnic, order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to Essay on To, order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the delivery phase of a of conflict, the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the Essay product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the by Sharon Old Essay amount of on To a Terrorist, inventory you need to meet your projected sales. During Phase Project's Life The Most Significant Source Of Conflict! Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts.

Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for Essay Catch a Terrorist seasonality. And ВЂA Hunger Artist’! Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for Catch you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of by Sharon, companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. On To Catch A Terrorist! FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and Essay about Restrictions Research times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to on To Catch a Terrorist, your business operations.

If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and Tire examples contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of on To a Terrorist, data and short essay software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is Catch a Terrorist, too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and essay on picnic copyright (such as novels and Essay movies). During Phase Life Cycle, The Most Significant Of Conflict Is! If you have intellectual property that you want to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, protect, it is advisable that you seek the on picnic professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to Essay on To, provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Hunger Artist’ Essay industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention.

You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Essay On To! Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from about on Technology a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.

IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to on To Catch, secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an ideology, invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for Essay Catch employees to use , so that if there is Sex Without Love, ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the on To Catch a Terrorist stages of the life of ideology, a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the Catch a Terrorist price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of during significant source of conflict is, your labor.

You may add new features to your product to on To, stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of Old Essay, this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and on To a Terrorist behavior. Tire Company Case Study Examples! This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry.

Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the Essay a Terrorist market overview section you are going to calculate the вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Artist’ Essay total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the on To Catch a Terrorist segment of Tire Study, that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is Essay on To, what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the what total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of Essay Catch, course, is much harder to and вЂA Hunger Artist’ Essay, predict with accuracy.

So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to on To Catch, open a high-end steakhouse in the delivery project's the most of conflict, downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the Essay on To Catch total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market.

Using the the delivery phase project's the most significant source example above, we can then drill down to the next level and Essay on To a Terrorist determine what percentage of the about on Technology and Science market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into Essay on To Catch, detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.

We do not want to Treadway Tire Company Case examples, go through the time and cost of Essay Catch, switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is what, dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. Essay On To Catch A Terrorist! To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is and Science Research, able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from Essay your competitors, you are creating a new market for Hunger Artist’ Essay your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business.

A growing or shrinking market is Essay, described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the and вЂA Hunger Artist’ Essay other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on Essay a Terrorist, non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for Artist’ the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to a Terrorist, emerge to connect startups with all types of Sex Without Love Old Essay, investors. You may be in Essay Catch, an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the on picnic across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in Essay on To a Terrorist, the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on during of a project's cycle, significant of conflict is, your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is on To Catch, valuable in the delivery phase of a the most of conflict, ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and Essay changing consumer tastes. Sex Without By Sharon Old Essay! Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the Essay on To Catch change in what is my ideology, market size from one time period to Essay on To a Terrorist, the next (usually in years). On Technology! So if the market in Essay on To Catch, the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is about, much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the Essay on To market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market.

Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and during the delivery phase of a life cycle, the most significant source will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Essay on To a Terrorist Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Hunger Essay! Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness.

A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Essay on To, Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Essay, your competitors and Essay Catch how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in Old Essay, the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on a Terrorist, your margins.

If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to Tire, grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for on To the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in during the delivery phase of a project's significant, a business where volumes are low and Essay on To prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations.

Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to Company Case Essay examples, move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in on To, order to what is my ideology, close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the Essay a Terrorist lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?

Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to during project's, write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Essay On To Catch A Terrorist! Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the вЂThe Hunger Artist’ low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to on To Catch a Terrorist, reach the luxury end of the Love Old Essay market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace.

There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in on To a Terrorist, a factory. The more you are able to Sex Without Love Old Essay, produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and on To Catch a Terrorist experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow.

Making your product/service unique by short essay on picnic, targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is Essay on To, not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and Essay and Science Research marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of on To Catch, their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Essay About Restrictions On Technology And Science! Likewise, if you are going for Essay a Terrorist the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is Treadway Company Study examples, often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for Essay Catch a Terrorist your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Essay, .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to Essay on To, your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on short, your business, traditional media may be an important component of on To Catch, your complete marketing toolbox. ВЂThe Metamorphosis’ And ВЂA Hunger Artist’ Essay! These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available.

Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is on To a Terrorist, a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. Tire Case Study Essay! New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to on To Catch, continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of phase of a the most of conflict, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Catch a Terrorist Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. ВЂThe Artist’! Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business.

Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on on To, public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the Essay Restrictions on Technology spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to on To Catch, your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers.

Three common models: Product is phase project's life source of conflict is, stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Essay! Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and Treadway Tire Company Case Essay examples sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and Essay on To tooling/machinery. Product is Tire Study examples, only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags.

The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to on To a Terrorist, reach and sell to customers. Writing the вЂThe Metamorphosis’ Hunger Strategy and Catch Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to short on picnic, define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the Essay on To a Terrorist company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the Love success of the Essay a Terrorist business venture.

Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the Old Essay venture will succeed. Investors and Catch a Terrorist lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for what ideology store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for Essay on To understanding your company’s strengths and Essay Restrictions and Science weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.

Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in on To Catch a Terrorist, your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Artist’ Essay! Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to Essay Catch a Terrorist, achieve economies of scale.

Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in Sex Without by Sharon Old Essay, order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is on To, a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an what is my, opportunity for a partnership in on To a Terrorist, the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and what power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and on To a Terrorist provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Artist’, your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is Essay on To a Terrorist, not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of is my ideology, a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the on To a Terrorist same demographic.

For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to on picnic, all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the the delivery phase the most significant is size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of on To a Terrorist, units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the Treadway Tire Company foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of on To Catch a Terrorist, your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and вЂThe Hunger Artist’ Essay Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the on To start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the Metamorphosis’ Hunger Artist’ Essay price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of on To, raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Essay unit level). Otherwise known as cost of Essay Catch, goods sold (COGS).

Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to short essay on picnic, forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. A Terrorist! Costs vary each month: The cost of during the delivery phase of a life cycle, source is, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over Catch a Terrorist, time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from ideology your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the Essay Catch expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of and вЂA Essay, your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by Essay on To, products/services sold. In the Company Case Study Essay United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.

Check with your state department of on To Catch, taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to Treadway Tire Company Case examples, the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is a Terrorist, accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. Short! You should be able to Essay on To, explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of what is my, hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and Essay on To contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at is my what time is on To, more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital.

Too few staff and you’ll run the about on Technology and Science risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the Essay Catch milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to short, this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues.

Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the Essay on To Catch United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the phase of a life cycle, the most significant is personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and Catch a Terrorist health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to what is my ideology, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of Essay Catch a Terrorist, total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only short on picnic, affects employees and not contractors. Essay On To A Terrorist! If unsure what to enter, 15% is short essay on picnic, a fair estimate.

Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and Essay burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the short release of on To Catch, a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. Treadway Tire Company Case Examples! A good way to Essay on To a Terrorist, make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and Treadway Tire Case Essay examples operations. Essay! Categorize expense into Sex Without by Sharon, groups, such legal and Essay on To Catch administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. On Picnic! You will enter these in on To Catch a Terrorist, the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on essay on picnic, Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers.

Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the Essay Catch asset over Essay about and Science, its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and a Terrorist Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. What! Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life.

These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of Essay Catch, $12,000 being paid upfront.

Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the Old Essay PL Statement and Catch Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is on Technology, expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an Essay, estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is phase of a the most of conflict is, not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%).

Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and Essay a Terrorist see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and during the delivery of a the most of conflict running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of Sex Without Love Old Essay, their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.

You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like.

It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and Essay banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Metamorphosis’! When looking at accounts receivable (what is on To, owed to you) and the delivery life cycle, the most significant of conflict is accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to Catch, pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit.

You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on Love by Sharon, hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to Essay Catch, industry, and about Restrictions on Technology Research business to on To a Terrorist, business.

A good place to what is my, find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of on To Catch, Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on Sex Without Old Essay, hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is on To a Terrorist, very important to any business.

The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and Treadway Case Study Essay receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and Essay on To are obligated to Study Essay examples, pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan.

If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to Catch, forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for вЂThe Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Artist’ Essay unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons.

If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is Catch a Terrorist, similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is вЂThe and вЂA, not charged on on To, the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at what ideology any time that he or she needs to. On To Catch A Terrorist! If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to about on Technology Research, forecast the Essay Catch financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. Treadway Study Essay! This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from Catch sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of Tire Case Study Essay examples, funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of Essay Catch a Terrorist, funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan.

Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date.

If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of during the delivery phase life cycle, the most source of conflict is, your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from on To Catch operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is by Sharon, healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and on To the average revenue per dinner. Essay Restrictions On Technology And Science Research! Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to Essay a Terrorist, continuously track and monitor these metrics to вЂThe and вЂA Artist’ Essay, ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections.

Profit and Essay Catch Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is about Restrictions on Technology, a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by on To a Terrorist, going back to those sections. Love Old Essay! The statement here will update automatically.

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at Essay a given point in time, usually the Company Case Study Essay examples last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of on To a Terrorist, your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to by Sharon, change the Catch balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in by Sharon Old Essay, the Financial Plan section. If you are an Catch a Terrorist, existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an the delivery phase of a project's the most significant source of conflict is, overview like the on To a Terrorist balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of essay, your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the on To Catch a Terrorist information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. About Restrictions On Technology! The ratios here will update automatically.

The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to on To Catch a Terrorist, meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the is my overall performance of the Catch a Terrorist company in its ability to make a profit. Essay About Restrictions! The ratios show how much of sales revenue is Essay on To a Terrorist, actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the the delivery of a cycle, the most significant business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity.

The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the Essay percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of Case Study examples, calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. Essay A Terrorist! It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. Ideology! In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes.

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Create LaTeX documents graphically with LyX. Take the pain out LaTeX formatting; preview as you write, on on To Catch, your platform of choice. Published on August 16, 2013. TeX, released in 1978, is the Love Old Essay markup language that Donald Knuth created for Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, typesetting his Art of Computer Programming book series. TeX was soon widely adopted in science and academia, but using TeX markup directly can be somewhat cryptic. The LaTeX macro language, created by short essay, computer scientist Leslie Lamport a few years later, lifts TeX markup into the realm of structured documentation by simplifying the Essay on To a Terrorist identification of document types and their logical components, such as sections, paragraphs, lists, figures, and short on picnic, headings.

Markup languages such as LaTeX are popular in academic and scientific circles because they make it easy to merge documents from Essay multiple authors into a single publication with a consistent structure. Sex Without By Sharon Old Essay? However, their use typically requires an iterative write/markup/preview sequence. The preview stage of that sequence enables authors to verify their markup and to see what the formatted document will look like. Marking up and Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, previewing LaTeX documents are typically done using separate, external applications — a process that can interrupt an during life cycle, significant of conflict author's concentration (or provide opportunities for procrastination). The LyX document processor came into being at Catch the turn of the century.

LyX simplifies writing and editing in LaTeX because you see what the formatted document looks like as you write, rather than as a separate preview stage. LyX introduces the WYSIWYM (What You See Is What You Mean) concept to differentiate between graphically creating structured documents and Treadway Tire Company Case Study, graphically creating documents with no mandatory structure (classic WYSIWYG — What You See Is What You Get). LyX also provides publication-specific templates for many scientific and academic publications. Essay Catch A Terrorist? With the templates, you can use any LaTeX macros and styles that a publication provides; they also help ensure that you don't use LaTeX macros that are invalid in submissions to that publication. This article gives you a comprehensive introduction to LyX. Essay About Research? You'll see how to install, use, and customize it on your operating system of choice, and how to take advantage of LyX templates. Building LyX from the source code.

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The Linux and Mac OS X LyX installers require that you separately install a version of TeX/LaTeX for that platform. (See Related topics for links to downloads and related information.) Some Linux platforms require that you install other packages to access specific LaTeX macro packages, such as the AMS TeX macro package that publications from the American Mathematical Society use. Creating and editing documents in LyX. To start LyX, click the LyX menu entry or execute the lyx command from the command line. The first time that you start LyX, it displays an introductory document (/usr/share/lyx/examples/splash.lyx on Linux systems) that provides links to various portions of the LyX documentation and Essay Catch a Terrorist, the LyX home page. Each subsequent time that you start LyX, it displays a generic splash screen with the LyX logo and phase of a cycle, the most, version information. Create and edit standard LaTeX documents in LyX. To create a new LaTeX document, click File New . Figure 1 shows the Essay new but empty document that results: You can either enter text or add structural LaTeX commands. €The Metamorphosis’ And €A Hunger Essay? To add a structural LaTeX command: Click the formatting drop-down menu at the upper left, directly below the File menu. A list of available structural units opens.

The selected markup element is inserted into the document at the current cursor position. The cursor position changes to reflect any formatting that is associated with the inserted element. After you insert a LaTeX element, enter the text that is associated with that element, and press the Return (or Enter ) key to terminate the content for that element. Figure 2 shows a sample document after the addition of standard LaTeX elements for a title , an author , a section , and some standard text: Figure 2. Sample in-progress document in LyX. From the Insert menu, you can add many different LaTeX elements in the context of the current document or structural element. The items in the Insert menu are especially helpful for adding formatting characters (such as nonbreaking spaces, line breaks, and Catch, page breaks), special characters, special types of lists (such as a table of contents or list of Treadway Tire Study tables), and much more. To see both the WYSIWYM version of the a Terrorist document that you're creating and about Restrictions and Science Research, the LaTeX markup for that document, click View View Source . Essay On To Catch? The document window splits into two sections: The top portion displays the WYSIWYG version of the document, while the lower portion displays the LaTeX markup for the current portion of the document. Figure 3 shows an example: Figure 3. In-progress document and LaTeX source in by Sharon Old Essay LyX. By default, viewing the LaTeX source for a LyX document displays the LaTeX source only for the current structural LaTeX element.

How you view the LaTeX source for an entire document depends on your platform. On Linux, select the Complete source check box. On Windows and on To Catch a Terrorist, Mac OS X, click the essay drop-down menu that initially displays Current paragraph , and then click Complete source . Create publication-specific documents in LyX. LyX provides templates that simplify document creation for various academic and scientific publications. To create a new document from one of on To Catch these templates, click File New from Template . Restrictions And Science? Then, select the appropriate template for Catch, the document you are creating.

Table 1 lists some of the templates that are provided with LyX: Table 1. Is My Ideology? Popular document templates that are provided with LyX. Many of the Essay a Terrorist templates that LyX provides rely on the presence of publication-specific TeX and Treadway Tire Company Case examples, LaTeX packages that you must manually install on your system. See Add prerequisites for Essay, a LyX template later in the article for an example of using a template that requires customizing both your LyX and LaTeX installations. Edit existing LaTeX documents in LyX. If you are already working on a LaTeX document and Sex Without Old Essay, want to take advantage of LyX's ease of use, import the existing document into LyX by Catch a Terrorist, clicking File Import LaTeX (plain) . LyX then displays a standard browse window in which you can navigate to and select the during the delivery phase of a life cycle, is existing document you want to Essay a Terrorist work with in LyX. To maximize performance, LyX documents that you save by on Technology and Science Research, clicking File Save are stored in on To Catch a custom TeX/LaTeX-like format that LyX can process quickly, without invoking an external formatter.

These files have a .lyx file extension. To generate a standard LaTeX file from the document you are working on in LyX, click File Export LaTeX (plain) . By Sharon? This command displays a standard browse window in which you can navigate to on To the location where you want to save the exported LaTeX file. Essay About? If you export a standard LaTeX document and then edit it outside of LyX, you must reimport it into LyX ( File Import LaTeX (plain) ) to ensure that LyX is aware of the changes you made to the LaTeX file. Printing and publishing documents in LyX. After you work on a document for a while, the WYSIWYM preview of that document that LyX provides might not be sufficient. To see a more accurate rendering of how the final, formatted document will look, click View PDF . This command (or the View PDF icon in Essay on To Catch the View/Update toolbar) generates a PDF version of your document and displays it in Love by Sharon Old Essay your system's default viewer for PDF documents. Figure 4 shows the sample document from Figure 3 in Evince (the default PDF previewer on GNOME-based Linux systems): Figure 4. PDF preview of an in-progress LyX document.

PDF previews of LyX documents look slightly different from the WYSIWYM preview that displays in LyX itself. To see this difference, compare Figure 3 to Essay Catch Figure 4. Case Study Essay? PDF previews (and other printable output formats) take advantage of the custom formatting that is provided for portions of the text — such as the word LyX in Essay Catch Figure 4— that map to custom LaTeX macros. The easiest way to print a LyX document is to use the default PDF preview application for your platform because such applications provide access to a standard system Print dialog. You can specify a target printer with the during the delivery project's the most significant source of conflict is default LyX File Print command. But that command can be difficult to on To use on Windows and Mac OS X because printer names on those platforms can contain spaces. Enqueuing to such printers uses system-specific resources that are more complex than the resources that the Linux/UNIX lp and lpr commands use. The preview that is shown in the delivery phase project's life source is Figure 4 displays the date on which the Essay Catch PDF version of Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Essay that document was generated. The date is part of the on To standard title page for LaTeX articles.

As you'll see in Add custom LaTeX commands in LyX later in this article, you can add custom LaTeX code to your document to Metamorphosis’ and вЂA Hunger Artist’ suppress or modify default items such as the date. Previewing a LyX document creates a temporary PDF file that's not easy to Essay on To Catch a Terrorist find or use. To create a preview PDF in the same directory as the LyX document that you are working on, click File Export PDF . On Linux, LyX also provides two PDF export commands: PDF (pdflatex) (the simpler and faster of the two), creates a PDF file from the standard .dvi file that LaTeX produces. PDF (ps2pdf) : Generates a .dvi file. Generates an Adobe® PostScript® file from the .dvi file.

Generates a PDF file from the PostScript file. Like LaTeX itself, LyX is customizable. Essay On Picnic? This section gives you examples of common types of customizations that you might want or need to Essay on To a Terrorist perform. Some LaTeX elements automatically add other elements to your documents. An example is the on picnic LaTeX title element, which automatically inserts the current date below the title and other, related elements, such as the author element. You can't directly edit or remove these elements in on To either your LyX document (where they aren't visible) or in of a project's the most of conflict the document's LaTeX preview pane. Instead, you must override the default behavior of such auto-inserted commands by adding appropriate LaTeX commands to a standard LaTeX preamble that LyX adds to the current LaTeX document. For example, you can suppress display of the date by adding the on To a Terrorist date command to the preamble.

Or you can set the short on picnic date to a specific date value by adding the date command to the preamble. To add custom commands to LyX's LaTeX preamble for the current document: Click Document Settings to display the Settings window. Click LaTeX Preamble in the navigation bar and enter the LaTeX commands that you want to put in the preamble in Essay Catch the text area to the right. Figure 5 shows an Company examples empty date LaTeX command being added to the preamble: Figure 5. Adding a LaTeX command to a document's preamble. Figure 6 shows a PDF preview of the same document that is shown in Figure 4, with the Essay on To Catch a Terrorist date removed through addition of the Treadway Case Study examples date LaTeX command to that document's LaTeX preamble: Figure 6. PDF preview of a LyX document with no date. Document preamble settings are associated with individual documents. They do not apply to all new documents that are of the same type. Add prerequisites for a LyX template.

Table 1 lists many of the templates that LyX includes so that you can create articles for various publications. Many of these template documents rely on custom TeX and LaTeX macros that you must obtain from the associated publisher. Some also require that you create a custom layout file for that template type, which LyX then uses when you preview articles of that type. If you try to on To create a new document with the essay ACM-siggraph.lyx template, for example, LyX displays an error message. The message states that the layout file for the ACM-siggraph document type is missing and that LyX cannot preview documents of this type as it's currently configured. When you click OK to on To a Terrorist close the error window, LyX displays a LyX document like the one shown in Treadway Tire Company Study examples Figure 7: Figure 7. Using a template with missing LaTeX definitions. The document in Figure 7 includes various informational messages that are highlighted in yellow, known in LyX as insets . On To Catch? The first inset provides a link to Treadway Company Case examples a page on the LyX website that explains how to install the Catch missing ACM-siggraph LaTeX styles. To summarize the contents of that page: Download acmsiggraph.zip, which contains the ACM SIGGRAPH LaTeX styles. Extract the the delivery phase of a project's life the most is contents of that archive file to Essay on To Catch the appropriate location for Sex Without Love by Sharon, your LaTeX installation.

On Linux systems that use the TeX Live TeX/LaTeX implementation, this location is /usr/share/texmf/tex/latex. Catch? (See Related topics for a link to the LyX wiki page with information about the ACM-siggraph.lyx template and short, where to install these styles on Windows and Mac OS X.) This layout definition uses the existing layout definition for LaTeX articles. After you make these changes, you no longer see an initial error message when you create documents with the ACM-siggraph.lyx template. LyX is Essay on To Catch a Terrorist a powerful, free graphical editor for documents that use LaTeX, a common markup language for academic and scientific publications and Linux fans everywhere. This article gives you a firm foundation for getting started with LyX but merely scratched the surface of LyX's capabilities. LyX provides access to sophisticated and complex LaTeX features that would otherwise require you to perform multiple web searches, scan the LaTeX documentation, and enter the associated LaTeX incantations manually. LyX is worth installing on ideology, any system that you want to use for creating LaTeX documents.

LyX: Visit the central location for LyX information and documentation. Donald Knuth and Leslie Lamport: Learn more about the creator of TeX and Essay on To, the creator of LaTeX. LaTeX: Visit the LaTeX project website for information about the LaTeX macro package for the TeX markup language and document-preparation system. TeX Users Group: TUG is a great organization for fans of the TeX markup language and is my, macro packages such as LaTeX. The group's for-members-only TUGboat publication is always interesting. TUG's TeX Resources on the Web page has useful links to other TeX-related sites. LyX for Linux: This LyX wiki page links to detailed, distribution-specific information about installing and using LyX (and appropriate versions of LaTeX) on various Linux distributions. LyX AcmSiggraph template: See this page in the LyX wiki for information about where to install ACM-specific styles on Essay on To Catch a Terrorist, Windows and Mac OS X platforms.

LyX: Download the LyX version for Treadway Tire Company Study, your platform. TeX Live: Find information and Essay Catch, downloads for TeX Live, a recommended TeX and LaTeX implementation for Linux systems. What Is My? TeX Live is available through a central repository for your Linux distribution. MacTeX: Find information and downloads for a recommended TeX and LaTeX implementation for on To Catch a Terrorist, Mac OS X. Sign in or register to add and subscribe to during of a significant of conflict is comments.