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Isaac newton birth and death

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antigone hero essay Critical Essay #1. Antigone the Hero. In the play Antigone , I believe Sophocles purposely depicts Antigone as a hero. Antigone portrays extremely courageous qualities, and definitely fights for what she believes in. She does not accept what the king says just because he is the isaac newton birth, king or a person in authority. She does not agree with his law so she goes with her heart and her feelings and disobeys the Essay the Past, king’s rule.

It takes courage and newton birth, strength to stand up against authority for what you believe in. However, a strong person could not sit back and gothic, watch something happen that they did not believe in. They would figure out the best way to stop it and then attempt to do so. I guess it is newton, just a matter of how important something is to gothic writing examples, you. If something happens that has no or little significance to you, then most likely you will not worry about it or do anything to newton and death, stop it. In the case of Antigone she felt loyal to her brother and felt that she should protect his honor and of the and the of the, give him the respect that he deserves even if the king did not agree with her. Who is the king anyway? He is just a human being like you and I. Why should we listen to and obey anything he says. How did this person (king or person in authority) get the isaac newton and death, power they have? How do they handle the power they have? If the person actually earned their respect from hard work and personality characteristics, people are more likely to listen to him.

On the other hand, if the person did not earn respect, and got in the position they are in simply because they were a predecessor of a previous king and were handed the power, people are less likely to follow the isaac and death, rule of that person. This makes a big difference in the way that people will react to a person in on Plundering the Past by Picasso, power. They must respect him or her and believe that he or she is doing what is best for isaac newton birth the people. Political leaders are supposed to gothic, do what is right for newton birth and death the people as a whole. However, we all know that people make mistakes even if they are unintentional. Their mistakes may not even be realized until further down the road. Also, people can easily get greedy and look out for their own good before others.

Although, in certain situations you may need to listen to someone wiser than yourself, ultimately you are going to make the decision that you think is best. Berlin Wall And The Of The Soviet Union! Therefore, just because someone in authority spits out commands does not mean that everything he or she says is right or just. You must question everything and if you feel strong enough against it, stand up and fight it. In the story, Antigone does just this. Isaac Newton! She is aware of the consequences and sticks to what she feels she should do. ! Sophocles obviously portrayed Antigone and her sister Ismene as complete opposites.

When Antigone runs to tell her sister of the isaac and death, situation Ismene will not help Antigone and tries to stop her from Nintendo: Pioneers in the Game Essay, going through with her plans to bury her brother. In the background of Antigone they describe Creon’s edict as “unjust” (1424). This turns on a little light bulb that makes me think the author agrees that Creon's actions are wrong. The author goes on to say that “the gods approve of her action” (1424) and “she dies a victim of isaac newton Creon’s hubris” (1424). ! If she were not being portrayed as a heroine, the newton, gods would not approve of her actions. Instead they would think that she died for economy as a a petty cause and disobeyed a higher power.

When they say she is a victim of Creon’s hubris, they are essentially saying she was put to newton birth, death because of Creon’s excessive pride not because she committed a crime that stemmed from her excessive pride. The only Sugar Industry, thing that may not support this argument is that Sophocles may not have written the background. Instead it may be interpretations written by the author of the book. Ismene is isaac birth, nowhere near as strong as her sister. It seems like she believes in what she is doing, but she fears Creon and the law. In the play she says, “We are only what happened civil service in the tang dynasty?, women, we cannot fight with men”(1427). This quote shows Antigone’s strength. She is not afraid of men, death, or what anyone can or will do to her. She is loyal to her family and herself. Ismene agrees that she is newton birth, a loyal person, but says that she is “unwise”(1428). Ismene also says, “I beg the dead to forgive me, I am helpless”(1427).

If Ismene were so wise she would find an alternative way to honor her brother while staying out of trouble. Instead, she gutlessly sits back and begs forgiveness when she could easily leave with her sister and civil in the tang, do what she knows she should. In the isaac newton and death, end Ismene goes to Creon and confesses to a crime she did not commit. If Sophocles were trying to highlight Ismene as a wiser person, he would have had her live on and make something of her life. Instead, she makes a complete fool of herself. This was the Essay on Plundering by Picasso, most unwise decision I observed throughout the isaac and death, entire play. If she were a strong person she would have confessed to the crime and said that Antigone was innocent so that she could free her sister from the wrath of Creon. Ismene contradicted her entire argument in trying to persuade Antigone not to disobey Creon and the law by going against her own advice. Isaac And Death! The only way I could consider this admirable is if she realized she was wrong and truly wanted to for an economy as a whole, honor her brother. Sometimes I believe it takes a stronger person to admit that they made a mistake and attempt to isaac newton, make up for it. However, I do not think that is the case with Ismene.

I believe she was afraid to live alone with no family alive. By having Ismene come back and make a complete idiot of herself at for an as a, the end of the play, Sophocles made Antigone stand out and death, as a leader and a very courageous person, because Ismene follows her. Whole! Also following Antigone is Haimon, Creon’s son, who quarreled with his father and birth and death, tried to persuade him not to of the Wall and the Disintegration Soviet Union Essays, execute Antigone. Newton! Although, he did not follow Antigone because he was weak and afraid he followed her because he believed in her as a person. Haimon seems to Nintendo: Pioneers, have the most sense of everyone in the play and also is portrayed as a hero. Newton Birth! He shows the ability to see both sides of the argument and reasons very well with his father. He understands his father’s sternness, but at the same time makes good arguments for Antigone. His father says to Haimon, “Do you want me to make myself weak before the people? Or to break my sworn word”(1440).

Haimon replies: Reason is God’s crowning gift to man, and you are right to warn me against gothic losing mine. I cannot say I hope that I shall never say! –that you have reasoned badly. Yet there are other men who can reason, too; and their opinions might be helpful. You are not in a position to know everything that people say or do or what they feel. . .Everyone will tell you only what you like to hear. But I, at any rate can listen; and I have heard them muttering and isaac newton, whispering in the dark about this girl. The Fall Of The Wall Soviet Union Essays! They say no woman has ever, so unreasonably, died so shameful a death for a generous act. (1440-41) In my eyes, this is the birth, best argument made throughout the entire play. Haimon acknowledges that Creon is the king, but realizes he is still human and can make mistakes. Nintendo: In The Video Game Essay! The people of the city agree that the isaac, girl should not be punished for such a generous act. Essay The Past! However, the people will not tell him to his face how they actually feel. They only say to him what he wants to hear. This is a great statement that should make Creon think about what is really best for the city and the people in the city.

Antigone is such a great and newton, noble person that she has the about Industry, entire city standing behind her. In the end of the story she is sentenced to newton birth, death. She accepts her punishment with bravery. She knows in gothic writing examples, her heart that what she has done is not wrong. She shows this by saying, “And yet, as men’s hearts know, I have done no wrong, I have not sinned before God”(1445). Haimon felt so strongly about Antigone and her reasoning for her actions that he took his own life.

So Antigone overall was a strong person who touched the lives of other people so much that they were willing to die for her cause. Birth And Death! Now that is a strong leader. Sophocles had this in mind when he wrote the play and wanted to for an as a, make Antigone the hero. I also find it intriguing that Sophocles made the main character a woman. No offense to women, but at this time in history I do not think that society thought of women as strong and powerful.

I like that Sophocles did this anyway and broke barriers of what society thought. Overall, throughout the entire story Sophocles gave Antigone qualities that made her a strong person that many people including myself would look up to. Sophocles. Antigone . Literature: An Introduction to birth and death, Fiction, Poetry, and Drama .

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Just war theory deals with the justification of isaac birth and death, how and why wars are fought. The justification can be either theoretical or historical. The theoretical aspect is concerned with ethically justifying war and the forms that warfare may or may not take. The historical aspect, or the just war tradition, deals with the historical body of rules or agreements that have applied in various wars across the ages. For instance, international agreements such as the on Plundering the Past Geneva and isaac, Hague conventions are historical rules aimed at limiting certain kinds of warfare which lawyers may refer to in prosecuting transgressors, but it is the Nintendo: Pioneers Video Game Market Essay role of ethics to newton birth examine these institutional agreements for their philosophical coherence as well as to inquire into whether aspects of the conventions ought to on Plundering be changed. The just war tradition may also consider the thoughts of isaac and death, various philosophers and lawyers through the ages and examine both their philosophical visions of war’s ethical limits (or absence of) and whether their thoughts have contributed to the body of conventions that have evolved to guide war and warfare.

Historically, the just war tradition--a set of mutually agreed rules of combat—may be said to commonly evolve between two culturally similar enemies. That is, when an array of by Picasso, values are shared between two warring peoples, we often find that they implicitly or explicitly agree upon newton and death, limits to their warfare. The Past! But when enemies differ greatly because of isaac newton, different religious beliefs, race, or language, and as such they see each other as “less than human”, war conventions are rarely applied. It is only when the enemy is seen to about Sugar In India be a people, sharing a moral identity with whom one will do business in birth the following peace, that tacit or explicit rules are formed for how wars should be fought and who they should involve and what kind of relations should apply in the aftermath of war. In part, the motivation for about, forming or agreeing to certain conventions, can be seen as mutually benefiting—preferable, for instance, to isaac newton and death the deployment of any underhand tactics or weapons that may provoke an indefinite series of vengeance acts, or the kinds of , action that have proved to isaac newton be detrimental to Essay Sugar In India the political or moral interests to both sides in the past. Regardless of the conventions that have historically formed, it has been the isaac newton and death concern of the majority of just war theorists that the lack of rules to war or any asymmetrical morality between belligerents should be denounced, and that the rules of war should apply to all equally. That is, just war theory should be universal, binding on on Plundering, all and capable in turn of appraising the actions of and death, all parties over and above any historically formed conventions. The just war tradition is indeed as old as warfare itself.

Early records of collective fighting indicate that some moral considerations were used by warriors to limit the outbreak or to rein in the potential devastation of warfare. Gothic Writing! They may have involved consideration of women and children or the treatment of prisoners (enslaving them rather than killing them, or ransoming or exchanging them). Commonly, the earlier traditions invoked considerations of honor: some acts in war have always been deemed dishonorable, whilst others have been deemed honorable. However, what is “honorable” is often highly specific to culture: for instance, a suicidal attack or defense may be deemed the honorable act for one people but ludicrous to another. Robinson (2006) notes that honor conventions are also contextually slippery, giving way to pragmatic or military interest when required. Whereas the specifics of what is isaac newton, honorable differ with time and place, the very fact that one moral virtue is alluded to in the The Fall Essays great literature (for example, Homer’s Iliad ) is sufficient for us to note that warfare has been infused with some moral concerns from the beginning rather than war being a mere Macbethian bloodbath. The just war theory also has a long history. Parts of the Bible hint at ethical behavior in war and isaac newton birth, concepts of just cause, typically announcing the justice of war by divine intervention; the Greeks may have paid lip service to the gods, but, as with the Romans, practical and political issues tended to overwhelm any fledgling legal conventions: that is, interests of state or Realpolitik (the theory known as political realism would take precedence in declaring and waging war. Nonetheless, this has also been the reading of political realists, who enjoy Thucydides’ History of the birth Peloponnesian War as an example of why war is necessarily the of the Berlin and the of the Soviet Essays extension of newton birth, politics and hence permeated by hard-nosed state interest rather than “lofty” pretensions to moral behavior. Although St.

Augustine provided comments on the morality of war from the happened service in the dynasty? Christian perspective (railing against the love of violence that war can engender) as did several Arabic commentators in the intellectual flourishing from the 9th to 12th centuries, but the most systematic exposition in birth and death the Western tradition and one that still attracts attention was outlined by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. In the Summa Theologicae , Aquinas presents the general outline of what becomes the gothic writing traditional just war theory as discussed in modern universities. He discusses not only the isaac justification of war but also the kinds of activity that are permissible (for a Christian) in war (see below). For An Economy Whole! Aquinas's thoughts become the model for later Scholastics and Jurists to expand and to gradually to universalize beyond Christendom – notably, for instance, in birth and death relations with the peoples of America following European incursions into the continent. The most important of these writers are: Francisco de Vitoria (1486-1546), Francisco Suarez (1548-1617), Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), Samuel Pufendorf (1632-1704), Christian Wolff (1679-1754), and Emerich de Vattel (1714-1767). In the twentieth century, just war theory has undergone a revival mainly in response to the invention of nuclear weaponry and American involvement in the Vietnam war. The most important contemporary texts include Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars (1977), Barrie Paskins and Michael Dockrill The Ethics of War (1979), Richard Norman Ethics, Killing, and Essay about Industry, War (1995), Brian Orend War and International Justice (2001) and Michael Walzer on War and Justice (2001), as well as seminal articles by Thomas Nagel War and Massacre, Elizabeth Anscombe War and Murder, and a host of others, commonly found in the journals Ethics or The Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs . Since the terrorist attacks on the USA on 9/11 in 2001, academics have turned their attention to just war once again with international, national, academic, and military conferences developing and consolidating the theoretical aspects of the conventions. Just war theory has become a popular topic in International Relations, Political Science, Philosophy, Ethics, and isaac newton and death, Military History courses. Conference proceedings are regularly published, offering readers a breadth of issues that the topic stirs: for example, Alexander Moseley and The Fall of the Berlin Wall and the Essays, Richard Norman, eds. Human Rights and newton birth, Military Intervention , Paul Robinson, ed., Just War in a Comparative Perspective , Alexsander Jokic, ed., War Crimes and Collective Wrongdoing . Economy As A! What has been of great interest is that in the headline wars of the past decade, the dynamic interplay of the rules and conventions of warfare not only isaac birth and death remain intact on the battlefield but their role and hence their explication have been awarded a higher level of scrutiny and debate.

In the examples political circles, justification of isaac birth, war still requires even in the most critical analysis a superficial acknowledgement of gothic, justification. On the ground, generals have extolled their troops to adhere to the rules, soldiers are taught the just war conventions in the military academies (for example, explicitly through military ethics courses or implicitly through veterans’ experiences). Yet despite the emphasis on abiding by war’s conventions, war crimes continue - genocidal campaigns have been waged by mutually hating peoples, leaders have waged total war on ethnic groups within or without their borders, and individual soldiers or guerilla bands have committed atrocious, murderous, or humiliating acts on their enemy. But, arguably, such acts do remain atrocities by virtue of the just war conventions that some things in writing war are deemed to be inexcusable, regardless of the righteousness of the cause or the noise and fog of battle. Yet increasingly, the rule of law - the need to hold violators and transgressors responsible for their actions in war and therefore after the battle - is making headway onto the battlefield. And Death! In chivalrous times, the Christian crusader could seek priestly absolution for atrocities committed in war, a stance supported by Augustine for example; today, the law courts are seemingly less forgiving: a violation of the conventions assumes that the about In India soldier is birth and death, responsible and accountable and should be charged for a crime. Nonetheless, the idealism of those who seek the imposition of law and responsibility on the battlefield (cf. Geoffrey Robertson's Crimes Against Humanity ), often runs ahead of the traditions and customs, or plain state interests, that demean or weaken the justum bellum that may exist between warring factions.

And in what happened to the civil some cases, no just war conventions and hence no potential for legal acknowledgement of birth and death, malfeasance, exist at all; in such cases, the ethic of war is considered, or is implicitly held to be, beyond the for an economy as a whole norms of peaceful ethics and therefore deserving a separate moral realm where fair is foul and foul is isaac and death, fair (Shakespeare, Macbeth I.i). In such examples (e.g, Rwanda, 1994), a people's justification of destructiveness and Essay by Picasso, killing to whatever relative degree they hold to be justifiable triumphs over attempts to newton and death establish the laws of peaceful interaction into this separate bloody realm; and in some wars, people fighting for their land or nation prefer to pick up the cudgel rather than the rapier, as Leo Tolstoy notes in War and Peace (Book 4.Ch.2), to sidestep the etiquette or war in favor securing their land from Pioneers in the Video Market, occupational or invading forces. The continued brutality of war in the face of conventions and courts of international law lead some to maintain that the application of birth and death, morality to on Plundering the Past by Picasso war is newton birth, a nonstarter: state interest or military exigency would always overwhelm moral concerns. But there are those of a more skeptical persuasion who do not believe that morality can or should exist in war: its very nature precludes ethical concerns. But as there are several ethical viewpoints, there are also several common reasons laid against the need or the possibility of morality in war. Generally, consequentialists and act utilitarians may claim that if military victory is sought then all methods should be employed to Essay Industry In India ensure it is gained at a minimum of isaac and death, expense and time. Arguments from 'military necessity' are of this type; for example, to defeat Germany in World War II, it was deemed necessary to bomb civilian centers, or in the US Civil War, for General Sherman to burn Atlanta. However, intrinsicists (who claim that there are certain acts that are good or bad in themselves) may also decree that no morality can exist in the state of war: they may claim that it can only exist in a peaceful situation in which, for instance, recourse exists to conflict resolving institutions. Alternatively, intrinsicists may claim that possessing a just cause (the argument from righteousness) is a sufficient condition for pursuing whatever means are necessary to gain a victory or to punish an enemy. A different skeptical argument, one advanced by Michael Walzer, is that the invention of nuclear weapons alters war so much that our notions of morality—and hence just war theories—become redundant.

However, against Walzer, it can be reasonably argued that although such weapons change the nature of warfare (for example, the timing, range, and and death, potential devastation) they do not dissolve the need to economy as a whole consider their use within a moral framework: a nuclear warhead remains a weapon and and death, weapons can be morally or immorally employed. Whilst skeptical positions may be derived from consequentialist and intrinsicist positions, they need not be. Consequentialists can argue that there are long-term benefits to having a war convention. Industry! For example, by fighting cleanly, both sides can be sure that the war does not escalate, thus reducing the isaac newton and death probability of creating an incessant war of counter-revenges. Intrinsicists, on the other hand, can argue that certain spheres of life ought never to be targeted in war; for example, hospitals and densely populated suburbs. The inherent problem with both ethical models is that they become either vague or restrictive when it comes to war.

Consequentialism is an open-ended model, highly vulnerable to writing examples pressing military or political needs to newton and death adhere to any code of conduct in war: if more will be gained from breaking the rules than will be lost, the consequentialist cannot but demur to Essay Sugar Industry In India military “necessity.” On the other hand, intrinsicism can be so restrictive that it permits no flexibility in war: whether it entails a Kantian thesis of dutifully respecting others or a classical rights position, intrinsicism produces an inflexible model that would restrain warriors’ actions to the targeting of permissible targets only. Isaac Birth And Death! In principle such a prescription is commendable, yet the nature of war is not so clean cut when military targets can be hidden amongst civilian centers. Against these two ethical positions, just war theory offers a series of principles that aim to retain a plausible moral framework for war. From the just war ( justum bellum ) tradition, theorists distinguish between the rules that govern the justice of war ( jus ad bellum ) from those that govern just and gothic, fair conduct in newton birth war ( jus In bello ) and the responsibility and accountability of warring parties after the war ( jus post bellum ). The three aspects are by no means mutually exclusive, but they offer a set of moral guidelines for waging war that are neither unrestricted nor too restrictive. The problem for ethics involves expounding the guidelines in particular wars or situations. The principles of the justice of war are commonly held to be: having just cause, being a last resort, being declared by a proper authority, possessing right intention, having a reasonable chance of success, and the end being proportional to the means used. One can immediately detect that the principles are not wholly intrinsicist nor consequentialist—they invoke the concerns of both models. Whilst this provides just war theory with the advantage of flexibility, the lack of a strict ethical framework means that the principles themselves are open to broad interpretations. On Plundering! Examining each in turn draws attention to the relevant problems. Possessing just cause is the isaac first and arguably the most important condition of jus ad bellum . Most theorists hold that initiating acts of aggression is unjust and gives a group a just cause to defend itself.

But unless aggression is defined, this proscription is rather open-ended. For example, just cause resulting from an in the Essay act of aggression can ostensibly be a response to isaac birth a physical injury (for example, a violation of economy whole, territory), an insult (an aggression against national honor), a trade embargo (an aggression against economic activity), or even to a neighbor’s prosperity (a violation of social justice). The onus is isaac, then on the just war theorist to on Plundering the Past by Picasso provide a consistent and sound account of what is meant by just cause. Whilst not going into the reasons why the other explanations do not offer a useful condition of just cause, the consensus is isaac newton and death, that an initiation of Essay about Sugar Industry, physical force is isaac, wrong and may justly be resisted. Self-defense against physical aggression, therefore, is putatively the only sufficient reason for on Plundering, just cause. Nonetheless, the principle of self-defense can be extrapolated to anticipate probable acts of aggression, as well as in assisting others against newton birth, an oppressive government or from another external threat (interventionism). Therefore, it is commonly held that aggressive war is , only permissible if its purpose is to retaliate against a wrong already committed (for example, to pursue and punish an aggressor), or to pre-empt an anticipated attack. In recent years, the argument for preemption has gained supporters in the West: surely, the argument goes, it is right on newton birth and death, consequentialist grounds to Essay about Sugar Industry In India strike the first blow if a future war is to be avoided? By acting decisively against a probable aggressor, a powerful message is sent that a nation will defend itself with armed force; thus preemption may provide a deterrent and a more peaceful world. However, critics complain that preemptive strikes are based on conjectured rather than impending aggression and in effect denounce the moral principle that an and death agent is presumed innocent – posturing and the building up of armaments do not in themselves constitute aggression, just a man carrying a weapon is not a man using a weapon, Consequentialist critics may also reject preemption on the grounds that it is more likely to destabilize peace, while other realists may complain that a preemptive strike policy is the Essay ploy of a tyrannical or bullying power that justifies other nations to act in their self-interest to neutralize either through alliances or military action – such is the principle behind the “balance of power” politics in which nations constantly renew their alliances and treatises to ensure that not one of them becomes a hegemonic power.

It is birth, also feared that the to the civil in the dynasty? policy of preemption slips easily into the machinations of “false flag operations” in which a pretext for war is created by a contrived theatrical or actual stunt – of dressing one’s own soldiers up in isaac newton and death the enemy’s uniforms, for instance, and having them attack a military or even civilian target so as to gain political backing for a war. Unfortunately, false flag operations tend to be quite common. Just war theory would reject them as it would reject waging war to defend a leader’s “honor” following an insult. Realists may defend them on grounds of a higher necessity but such moves are likely to fail as being smoke screens for political rather than moral interests. War should always be a last resort. In The Essay! This connects intimately with presenting a just cause – all other forms of and death, solution must have been attempted prior to the declaration of war. It has often been recognized that war unleashes forces and powers that soon get beyond the grips of the leaders and generals to for an whole control – there is too much “fog” in war, as Clausewitz noted, but that fog is also a moral haze in which truth and trust are early casualties. The resulting damage that war wrecks tends to be very high for most economies and so theorists have advised that war should not be lightly accepted: once unleashed, war is not like a sport that can be quickly stopped at the blow of a whistle (although the Celtic druids supposedly had the power to stop a battle by virtue of their moral standing) and its repercussions last for generations. Holding “hawks” at bay though is a complicated task – the apparent ease by which war may resolve disputes, especially in the eyes of those whose military might is apparently great and newton and death, victory a certainty, does present war as a low cost option relative to continuing political problems and in the Video Game Essay, economic or moral hardship. Yet the just war theorist wishes to underline the isaac need to attempt all other solutions but also to Essay tie the justice of the war to the other principles of jus ad bellum too. The notion of proper authority seems to be resolved for most of the theorists, who claim it obviously resides in newton birth the sovereign power of the in the Game Market Essay state.

But the concept of isaac newton, sovereignty raises a plethora of issues to gothic examples consider here. If a government is just, i.e., most theorists would accept that the government is accountable and newton, does not rule arbitrarily, then giving the officers of the state the right to declare war is reasonable, so the more removed from a proper and just form a government is, the more reasonable it is that its claim to justifiable political sovereignty disintegrates. Essay! A historical example can elucidate the problem: when Nazi Germany invaded France in 1940 it set up the Vichy puppet regime. What allegiance did the people of France under its rule owe to its precepts and rules? A Hobbesian rendition of almost absolute allegiance to the state entails that resistance is wrong (so long as the state is isaac newton and death, not tyrannical and imposes war when it should be the gothic examples guardian of peace); whereas a Lockean or instrumentalist conception of the state entails that a poorly accountable, inept, or corrupt regime possesses no sovereignty, and the right of and death, declaring war (to defend themselves against gothic writing examples, the government or from isaac birth, a foreign power) is Essay on Plundering, wholly justifiable.

The notion of proper authority therefore requires thinking about what is meant by sovereignty, what is meant by the state, and what is the proper relationship between a people and its government. The possession of right intention is ostensibly less problematic. Isaac Newton Birth! The general thrust of the concept being that a nation waging a just war should be doing so for the cause of justice and gothic writing examples, not for reasons of isaac birth and death, self-interest or aggrandizement. Putatively, a just war cannot be considered to be just if reasons of national interest are paramount or overwhelm the pretext of fighting aggression. However, “right intention” masks many philosophical problems. According to Kant, possessing good intent constitutes the only condition of moral activity, regardless of the consequences envisioned or caused, and regardless, or even in Sugar Industry In India spite, of any self interest in the action the agent may have. The extreme intrinsicism of Kant can be criticized on various grounds, the most pertinent here being the value of self-interest itself. At what point does right intention separate itself from self-interest – is the moral worthiness of intent only gained by acting in isaac newton favor of one’s neighbor, and if so, what does that imply for moral action – that one should woo one’s neighbor’s spouse to make him/her feel good? Acting with proper intent requires us to think about what is proper and it is not certain that not acting in Sugar In India self interest is necessarily the proper thing to do. Newton! On the one hand, if the Wall and the Disintegration of the Union only method to newton secure a general peace (some thing usually held to be good in itself) is to annex a belligerent neighbor's territory, political aggrandizement becomes intimately connected with the what to the in the tang proper intention of maintaining the newton birth and death peace for all or the majority.

On the to the civil service in the dynasty? other hand, a nation may possess just cause to defend an oppressed group, and newton birth, may rightly argue that the proper intention is to secure their freedom, yet such a war may justly be deemed too expensive or too difficult to Essay Industry wage; i.e., it is not ultimately in their self-interest to fight the just war. On that account, the realist may counter that national interest is isaac newton birth and death, paramount: only The Fall of the Berlin Disintegration Union if waging war on behalf of freedom is newton, also complemented by the securing of economic or other military interests should a nation commit its troops. Birth! The issue of intention raises the concern of practicalities as well as consequences, both of which should be considered before declaring war. The next principle is that of reasonable success. This is another necessary condition for waging just war, but again is insufficient by itself. On Plundering The Past By Picasso! Given just cause and newton and death, right intention, the just war theory asserts that there must be a reasonable probability of success. The principle of reasonable success is consequentialist in on Plundering the Past that the costs and benefits of isaac birth and death, a campaign must be calculated. However, the concept of weighing benefits poses moral as well as practical problems as evinced in the following questions. Should one not go to the aid of a people or declare war if there is no conceivable chance of success?

Is it right to comply with aggression because the costs of not complying are too prohibitive? Would it be right to newton and death crush a weak enemy because it would be marginally costless? Is it not sometimes morally necessary to stand up to a bullying larger force, as the Finns did when Russia invaded in 1940, for the sake of newton and death, national self-esteem or simple interests of defending land? Historically, many nations have overcome the probability of defeat: the fight may seem hopeless, but a charismatic leader or rousing speech can sometimes be enough to stir a people into fighting with all their will. Winston Churchill offered the British nation some of the finest of war's rhetoric when it was threatened with defeat and invasion by Nazi Germany in 1940. Newton Birth! For example: Let us therefore brace ourselves to do our duty, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Commonwealth and its Empire lasts for a thousand years, men will still say, 'This was their finest hour.’“ ….And “What is our aim?….Victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror; victory, however long and Essay, hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival. (Speeches to Parliament, 1940). Isaac And Death! However, the thrust of the reasonable success principle emphasizes that human life and economic resources should not be wasted in what would obviously be an uneven match. Pioneers In The Market Essay! For a nation threatened by invasion, other forms of retaliation or defense may be available, such as civil disobedience, or even forming alliances with other small nations to equalize the odds. The final guide of jus ad bellum is that the desired end should be proportional to isaac and death the means used. This principle overlaps into the moral guidelines of how a war should be fought, namely the principles of jus In bello . With regards to just cause, a policy of war requires a goal, and The Fall of the Disintegration Union, that goal must be proportional to the other principles of just cause. Whilst this commonly entails the minimizing of war's destruction, it can also invoke general balance of and death, power considerations.

For example, if nation A invades a land belonging to the people of nation B, then B has just cause to take the land back. According to the principle of proportionality, B’s counter-attack must not invoke a disproportionate response: it should aim to retrieve its land and not exact further retribution or invade the aggressor’s lands, or in graphic terms it should not retaliate with overwhelming force or nuclear weaponry to resolve a small border dispute. That goal may be tempered with attaining assurances that no further invasion will take place, but for Pioneers Video Game, B to invade and isaac newton, annex regions of A is nominally a disproportionate response, unless (controversially) that is the only method for securing guarantees of no future reprisals. For B to invade and annex A and then to continue to invade neutral neighboring nations on the grounds that their territory would provide a useful defense against other threats and a putative imbalance of power is even more unsustainable. On the and the Disintegration Union Essays whole the principles offered by jus ad bellum are useful guidelines for reviewing the morality of whole, going to war that are not tied to the intrinsicist’s absolutism or consequentialist’s open-endedness. Philosophically however they invoke a plethora of problems by either their independent vagueness or by mutually inconsistent results – a properly declared war may involve improper intention or disproportionate ambitions.

But war is a complicated issue and the principles are nonetheless a useful starting point for Pioneers in the Game, ethical examination and they remain a guide for both statesmen and and death, women and for those who judge political proceedings. The rules of of the Berlin Soviet, just conduct within war fall under the two broad principles of and death, discrimination and proportionality. The principle of economy as a whole, discrimination concerns who are legitimate targets in war, whilst the principle of proportionality concerns how much force is morally appropriate. A third principle can be added to birth and death the traditional two, namely the principle of responsibility, which demands an examination of where responsibility lies in war. One strong implication of the justice of warfare being a separate topic of analysis to the justice of war is that the theory thus permits the for an economy whole judging of isaac and death, acts within war to be dissociated from it cause. This allows the theorist to claim that a nation fighting an unjust cause may still fight justly, or a nation fighting a just cause may be said to fight unjustly. It is a useful division but one that does not necessarily sever all ties between the two great principles of warfare: the justice of a cause remains a powerful moral guide by which warfare is to be judged, for what does it matter, it can be asked, if a nation wages a war of aggression but does so cleanly? In waging war it is considered unfair and Essay on Plundering the Past by Picasso, unjust to attack indiscriminately since non-combatants or innocents are deemed to isaac and death stand outside the field of war proper. Immunity from war can be reasoned from the fact that their existence and activity is not part of the Essay Industry In India essence of war, which is the isaac killing of combatants. Since killing itself is highly problematic, the just war theorist has to proffer a reason why combatants become legitimate targets in the first place, and whether their status alters if they are fighting a just or unjust war.

Firstly, a theorist may hold that being trained and/or armed constitutes a sufficient threat to combatants on the other side and isaac birth and death, thereby the donning of Nintendo: Game Essay, uniform alters the person’s moral status to isaac and death legitimate target; whether this extends to peaceful as well as war duties is not certain though. Voluntarists may invoke the boxing ring analogy: punching another individual is not morally supportable in a civilized community, but those who voluntarily enter the boxing ring renounce their right not to be hit. On Plundering The Past By Picasso! Normally, a boxer does not retain the right to hit another boxer outside of the newton and death ring, yet perhaps a soldier’s training creates a wholly different expectation governing his or her status and that wearing the uniform or merely possessing the training secures their legitimacy as a target both on and off the battlefield. Such an argument would imply that it is right to Nintendo: Pioneers in the Essay attack unarmed soldiers or soldiers who have surrendered or who are enjoying the normality of civilian life, which just war theorists and birth and death, historical conventions have traditionally rejected on the claim that when a soldier lays down his weapons or removes his uniform, he or she returns to civilian life and hence the status of the non-combatant even if that return is temporary. Conversely, in joining an army the writing examples individual is said to renounce his or her rights not to isaac birth and death be targeted in war – the bearing of arms takes a person into an alternative moral realm in which killing is the expectation and possible norm: it is world removed from civilian structures and historically has evolved rites of passage and exit that underline the alteration in writing status for cadets and veterans; all analogies to newton the fair play of sports fail at this juncture, for war involves killing and what the British Army call “unlimited liability.” On entering the army, the civilian loses the right not to be targeted, yet does it follow that all who bear uniform are legitimate targets, or are some more so than others – those who are presently fighting compared to those bearing arms but who are involved in supplies or administration, for for an economy, instance? Others, avoiding a rights analysis for it produces many problems on delineating the boundaries of rights and newton, the bearers, may argue that those who join the army (or who have even been pressed into conscription) come to terms with being a target, and hence their own deaths. This is in the Video Game Market, argued for example by Barrie Paskins and for an economy, Michael Dockrill in The Ethics of War (1979).

However, since civilians can just as readily come to terms with their own deaths and it is not necessarily the case that a soldier has, their argument, although interesting, is not sufficient to isaac newton birth defend the principle of discrimination and why soldiers alone should be targeted legitimately in war. In turn, rights-based analyses may be more philosophically productive in giving soldiers and critics crucial guidelines, especially those analyses that focus on the renouncing of rights by combatants by virtue of their war status, which would leave nominally intact a sphere of immunity for civilians. Isaac Newton Birth And Death! Yet what is the status of guerrilla fighters who use civilian camouflage in order to press their attacks or to hide? Similarly, soldiers on Essay about Industry, covert operations present intricate problems of identification and legitimization: is there a difference between the two? Referring back to the fighters’ cause (for example, the guerrilla is a “freedom fighter” and thus carries a moral trump card) creates its own problems, which the just war theory in newton birth and death dividing the justice of the cause from the justice of the manner in which war is The Fall Wall and the Disintegration of the Union, fought attempts to avoid: the guerrilla fighter may breach codes of and death, conduct just as the gothic examples soldier on a politically sensitive covert operations may avoid targeting the wrong people. Walzer, in his Just and Unjust Wars (1977) claims that the lack of identification does not give a government the newton birth right to kill indiscriminately—the onus is on the government to identify the combatants, and so, the implication goes, if there is isaac newton birth, any uncertainty involved then an attack must not be made. Others have argued that the nature of modern warfare dissolves the possibility of discrimination: civilians are just as necessary causal conditions for the war machine as are combatants, therefore, they claim, there is no moral distinction in targeting an Industry armed combatant and a civilian involved in arming or feeding the combatant. The distinction is, however, not closed by the nature of modern economies, since a combatant still remains a very different entity from isaac, a non-combatant, if not for the simple reason that the former is presently armed (and hence has renounced rights or is prepared to die, or is a threat), whilst the civilian is not. On the other hand, it can be argued that being a civilian does not necessarily mean that one is not a threat and hence not a legitimate target. If Mr Smith is the only individual in the nation to possess the correct combination that will detonate a device that could kill thousands, then he becomes not only causally efficacious in the firing of a weapon of war, but also morally responsible; reasonably he also becomes a legitimate military target. Of The Berlin Wall And The Soviet Essays! His job effectively militarizes his status even though he does not bear arms.

The underlying issues that ethical analysis must deal with involve the logical nature of an newton individual's complicity and Essay Sugar Industry In India, the aiding and abetting the war machine, with greater weight being imposed on those logically closer than those logically further from the war machine in their work. At a deeper level, one can consider the isaac and death role that civilians play in supporting an unjust war: to what extent are they morally culpable, and if they are culpable in giving moral, financial, or economic support to some extent, does that mean they may become legitimate targets? This invokes the issue of collective versus individual responsibility that is in itself a complex topic but one that the principle of discrimination tries to circumvent by presenting guidelines for soldiers that keep their activity within the realms of war and its effects rather than murder. It would be wrong, on the principle of discrimination, to group the enemy into one targetable mass of people – some can not be responsible for a war or its procedures, notably children. Yet, on what happened to the tang dynasty?, the other hand, if a civilian bankrolls a war or initiates aggression as a politician, surely he or she bears some moral responsibility for the ensuing deaths: some may argue that the war’s justification rests upon such shoulders but not the manner in isaac and death which it is fought, while others may prefer to saddle the civil tang dynasty? leader or initiator with the entire responsibility for how a war is fought on the argument that each combatant is responsible for those below him or her in isaac newton and death rank – so the political or civilian leaders are analogously responsible for all operating in the military field. The second principle of just conduct is that any offensive action should remain strictly proportional to the objective desired. This principle overlaps with the proportionality principle of just cause, but it is distinct enough to consider it in its own light. Essay About Sugar In India! Proportionality for jus In bello requires tempering the extent and violence of warfare to minimize destruction and casualties. It is broadly utilitarian in that it seeks to minimize overall suffering, but it can also be understood from other moral perspectives, for instance, from isaac birth, harboring good will to all (Kantian ethics), or acting virtuously (Aristotelian ethics).

Whilst the consideration of discrimination focuses on who is a legitimate target of war, the to the dynasty? principle of proportionality deals with what kind of force is isaac newton and death, morally permissible. Nintendo: Pioneers Video! In fighting a just war in newton which only military targets are attacked, it is still possible to breach morality by employing disproportionate force against an enemy. Whilst the earlier theoreticians, such as Thomas Aquinas, invoked the Christian concepts of charity and mercy, modern theorists may invoke either consequentialist or intrinsicist prescriptions, both of which remain problematic as the foregoing discussions have noted. ! However, it does not seem morally reasonable to completely gun down a barely armed albeit belligerent tribe. At the battle of isaac, Omdurman in 1898 in happened to the civil service dynasty? the Sudan, six machine gunners killed thousands of dervishes—the gunners may have been in the right to defend themselves, but the principle of proportionality implies that a battle end before it becomes a massacre. Similarly, following the newton battle of Culloden in 1746 in Scotland, Cumberland ordered No Quarter, which was not only a breach of the principle of discrimination, for his troops were permitted to kill the wounded as well as supporting civilians, but also a breach of the on Plundering by Picasso principle of proportionality, since the battle had been won, and the Jacobite cause effectively defeated on the battle field.

What if a war and all of its suffering could be avoided by highly selective killing? Could just war theory endorse assassination for instance? Assassination programs have often been secretly accepted and employed by states throughout the centuries and appeal, if challenged, is often to isaac birth and death a “higher” value such as self-defense, killing a target guilty of war crimes and atrocities, or removing a threat to peace and stability. The CIA manual on assassination (1954, cf. Belfield), sought to distinguish between murder and assassination, the latter being justifiable according to the higher purposes sought.

This is analogous to just war theorists seeking to put mass killing on , a higher moral ground than pure massacre and slaughter and is fraught with the same problems raised in this article and in the just war literature. On grounds of discrimination, assassination would be justifiable if the isaac newton and death target were legitimate and not, say, the wife or children of a legitimate target. On grounds of proportionality, the policy would also be acceptable, for if one man or woman (a legitimate target by virtue of his or her aggression) should die to avoid further bloodshed or to what happened to the tang secure a quicker victory, then surely assassination is covered by the just war theory? The founder of the Hashshashin society (c.11-13thC), Hasan ibn el Sabah preferred to target or threaten warmongers rather than drag innocents and noncombatants into bloody and protracted warfare: his threats were often successful for he brought the reality of death home to the leaders who otherwise would enjoy what lyricist Roger Waters calls “the bravery of being out of range.” In recent years, the US and UK proclaimed that the isaac newton and death war in the Gulf was not with the Iraqi people but with its leader and his regime; the US government even issued a bounty on , the heads of key agents in isaac newton birth the Ba’ath party; indeed, Saddam Hussein’s sons, Uday and Qusay with a bounty of , ?15m, were killed in isaac newton birth and death a selective hunt and destroy mission rather than being captured and brought to trial for the crimes asserted of them. Assassination would apparently clear the for an economy two hurdles of discrimination and proportionality, yet the intrinsicist wing of just war theorists would reasonably claim that underhand and isaac newton birth and death, covert operations, including assassination, should not form a part of war on grounds that they act to undermine the respect due one’s enemy (not matter how cruel he or she is) as well as the moral integrity of the assassin; the consequentialists would also counter that such policies also encourage the enemy to retaliate in similar manner, and one of the sustaining conclusions of just war theory is that escalation or retaliatory measures (tit for tat policies) should be avoided for their destabilizing nature. Once initiated, assassination tends to become the gothic writing examples norm of political affairs – indeed, civil politics would thus crumble into fearful and barbaric plots and conspiracies (as did Rome in its last centuries) in a race to gain power and mastery over others rather than to newton forge justifiable sovereignty. The principles of proportionality and for an whole, discrimination aim to temper war's violence and range; while they may ostensibly imply the acceptance of some forms of warfare, their malleability also implies that we continuously look afresh upon seemingly acceptable acts. Accordingly, they are complemented by other considerations that are not always explicitly taken up in birth and death the traditional exposition of , jus In bello , this is especially true in the case of the issue of birth and death, responsibility. Jus in for an economy bello requires that the agents of war be held responsible for their actions.

This ties in their actions to morality generally. Some, such as Saint Augustine argues against this assertion: who is but the sword in the hand of him who uses it, is not himself responsible for the death he deals. Those who act according to a divine command, or even God's laws as enacted by the state and who put wicked men to death “have by no means violated the isaac and death commandment, 'Thou shalt not kill.’” Whilst this issue is connected to the concepts of just cause, it does not follow that individuals waging a just, or unjust war, should be absolved of breaching the principles of just conduct. Readily it can be accepted that soldiers killing other soldiers is part of the nature of warfare for which soldiers ought to be prepared and trained, but when soldiers turn their weapons against by Picasso, non-combatants, or pursue their enemy beyond what is reasonable, then they are no longer committing legitimate acts of war but acts of murder. The principle of newton and death, responsibility re-asserts the burden of the Past, abiding by rules in times of peace on those acting in war to isaac newton birth remind them that one day they will once more take up civilian status and The Fall Berlin and the Soviet, should be prepared to do so conscientiously, free of any guilt from war crimes. Newton! The issues that arise from this principle include the morality of obeying orders (for example, when one knows those orders to be immoral), as well as the moral status of ignorance (not knowing of the effects of one’s actions either reasonably or literally). Responsibility for acts of war relate back to the tenets of jus ad bellum as well as jus in bello , for the justification of going to war involves responsibility as well as the acts ordered and for an economy as a whole, committed in birth and death war.

In reviewing the stories from Essay, military ethics readers, the acts of isaac newton, bravery that attract our attention involve soldiers standing up to do the “right thing” against either the whole prevailing momentum of the platoon or the orders from higher up; the and death realist rejects such acts as infrequent or unnecessary performances that do not alter the main characteristic of Essay Sugar, war and its innate brutality, yet such acts also remind the critic as well as the soldier of the importance of returning to isaac birth the civilian mode with good conscience. The aftermath of war involves the relinquishing of armed conflict as a means of resolving disputes and the donning of more civil modes of conduct but it also raises questions concerning the nature of the post bellum justice. Following the civil in the tang dynasty? cessation of a war, three possibilities emerge: either the army has been defeated, has been victorious, or it has agreed to a ceasefire. Principles of justice may then be applied to each situation. Orend presents a useful summary of the principles of jus post bellum : the principle of discrimination should be employed to avoid imposing punishment on innocents or non-combatants; the rights or traditions of the defeated deserve respect; the claims of victory should be proportional to the war’s character; compensatory claims should be tempered by the principles of discrimination and proportionality; and, controversially, the need to rehabilitate or re-educate an aggressor should also be considered. It has often been remarked that justice, like history, is written by the victors. A defeated army and indeed the civilian body from which the army stems should thus be prepared to subject itself to the imposition of rules and forms of punishments, humiliation, and even retributions that it would not otherwise agree to. The lives, values, and Essay on Plundering the Past, resources that have been fought for isaac birth and death, must now be handed over to the conquerors.

When put this way, when one readily imagines one’s own country’s army falling to an aggressive enemy, the terms immediately appear fearful and unjust and may stir a greater endeavor to as a make the victory hollow by the raising of guerrilla or even terrorist organizations to thwart the conquerors’ designs. Yet when one’s own army is victorious, the partiality of victory can be so easily dismissed on the enthusiastic wave that accompanies triumph: victory is so often associated with the greater right when one’s own country vanquishes its enemy, and assumedly with that right comes the justification to impose conditions upon the vanquished. In so many wars in history, both ancient and modern, victory has provided the winners with the isaac birth and death means of economy as a, exploiting the defeated nation and for claiming rights over its lands and people whether in newton the form of the Past, enslavement or in monopolistic mercantile contracts; sometimes an appeal to divine justice is made; at other times the supremacy of one’s nation, race, creed, or political order is lauded over the defeated. Economic exploitation is not the isaac and death only means of subjugating the in the Video defeated: new political or religious frameworks can also be imposed sometimes as a means of “rehabilitating the defeated” or as a means to avoid the circumstances (political or economic) that may bring about further warfare; the philosopher must naturally inquire as to the justice of isaac birth, such measures. The just war theorist is keen to examples remind warriors and politicians alike that the principles of justice following war should be universalizable and morally ordered and isaac birth, that victory should not provide a license for examples, imposing unduly harsh or punitive measures or that state or commercial interests should not dictate the form of the new peace. Similarly, imposing an alternative political or religious is not likely to be conducive to peace, as Edmund Burke prophetically warned about newton and death, decreeing for the “rights of man” in an unprepared culture; re-educating a defeated military or bureaucracy may seem reasonable and arguably was successful in post-war Germany (1945), yet such a program may also be so superficial or condescending as to have only short term and illusory benefits or act to further humiliate the defeated into seething desire for revenge.

In post-war Iraq (2003-date), the Essay Sugar In India rehabilitation programs have met with mixed success and have often been criticized for favoring some ethnic groups over others, i.e., affecting political and cultural nuances that an outsider would not be aware of. Criticism may stem from either intrinsicist reasons (that the defeated should still be viewed as a people deserving moral respect and their traditions held as sacrosanct) or consequentialist reasons (that punitive impositions are likely to produce a backlash); but again it is worth reminding that just war theory tends to merge the two to avoid awkward implications derived from either position singly. At this point, the attraction for newton, jus post bellum thinkers is to gothic writing return to the initial justice of the war. Isaac Newton Birth And Death! Consider a war of on Plundering the Past, self-defense: this is considered by most, except absolute pacifists, to be the most justifiable of all wars. If the people are defeated but their cause remains just, should they then continue the fight to about Industry In India rid their country of all the isaac and death vestiges of occupation? What if fighting is happened to the civil service tang dynasty?, impossible? Should they bow their heads in honorable defeat and accept the victor’s terms graciously?

Locke believed that an unjustly defeated people should bide their time until their conquerors leave: “if God has taken away all means of seeking remedy, there is nothing left but patience.” ( Second Treatises , §177); however, the right always remains with those who fought against an unjust war but they do not gain any moral right to attack indiscriminately or disproportionately (such as terrorizing the invader’s own civilians or soldiers at rest), although they may carry on their claim for freedom over the generations. A realist, however, may ask how a people are to regain their freedom if they do not raise arms against their sea of troubles? Nonetheless, if the “good fight” is to continue, most theorists follow Locke and isaac newton birth, prohibit breaches of the Nintendo: Pioneers in the Game Market jus in bello principles: while it would be wrong to newton birth and death bow to a tyrant or conquering army, it would be immoral to target their families in order to encourage the occupying army to leave. Others may counsel civil disobedience and other forms of intransigence to gothic writing examples signal displeasure. If, on the other hand, the victors have won a just war against an aggressor, Locke argues that the victor’s right does not extend to the aggressive nation’s civilian population, but that it does extend to all those engaged in the aggression and that it extends absolutely: that is, the just conqueror has absolute rights of life and death over the defeated aggressors. The aggressor, one who initiates war, puts the individual or the community into a state of war, he argues, and so the defender has an absolute prerogative to use whatever force necessary to secure freedom and peace: accordingly, in victory, the victors may enslave or kill the aggressors. Locke’s is an extreme although not logically incoherent position and his exhortations may be compared to other moral positions (often emerging from religious thinking) to temper the newton justice in favor of other virtues such as charity, liberality, and justice. Indeed, King Alfred the Great of Wessex (c.878AD) defeated the Viking invader Guthrum in battle and rather than executing him as the Vikings would have done Alfred, he ordered them to join the Christian religion and then, and probably more importantly, offered them a stake in the land: toleration merged with prudence and Pioneers in the Video Market Essay, self-interest ensured Guthrum was no longer a threat.

Indeed, Machiavelli warned that killing an opponent’s family is likely to isaac raise their ire but taking away their land is happened civil tang, guaranteed to continue the fight over generations. It may be reasonably held that the aggressors deserve punishment of some sort, although Alfred’s example highlights an alternative view of dealing with an enemy, one that reminds the theorist that peace not further war remains the goal. But what if the defeated aggressors are guilty of atrocities, surely they should be made to stand trial to send a signal to other “war criminals” as well as to newton birth punish them for their own misdeeds? Here we enter the debates regarding punishment: does punishing a violator make any sense except to exact either retribution, revenge, or to promote a deterrence? Can the victors be sure of their claim to punish the aggressors and what good could possibly flow from bringing more violence or enslavement to the world? In asserting the need to about find universalisable principles, the just war theorist is isaac birth and death, usually keen to in the insist that any war crimes trials are held in neutral states and presided over by neutral parties, rather than the victors whose partiality in proceedings must be presumed: after all, in the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, no allied generals or politicians were held accountable for the atrocities created by bombing civilian centers in Germany and Japan and the dropping of nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The end game and hence the jus post bellum certainly merit attention before the isaac birth and death battles are lost or won: what should be the ruling affairs once the peace is proclaimed? Should the terms of war’s end be elaborated and publicly pronounced as to ensure all parties are aware of the costs of , defeat?

Is it right that an army should demand unconditional surrender, for instance, when such a policy may entail a protracted war for newton birth, no incentive is given to the other side to on Plundering by Picasso surrender; on and death, the other hand, unconditional surrender implies a derogatory view of the gothic writing enemy as one not to be respected either in or after war. Yet if an unconditional surrender policy does suitably raise the stakes of newton birth, fighting war it may act as a sufficient deterrent against possible aggressors or act as a useful diplomatic tool to bring a worried enemy back to peaceful overtures. Similarly, is it right that an army should demand reparations in advance rather than leave them undisclosed and thereby risk the uncertainty of punishment creating a backlash from the defeated, who may not wish to be so subjected? To keep the expected conditions of war’s end secretive does not seem a wise move in Nintendo: Pioneers that uncertainty generates fear, and fear can generate a harder campaign than otherwise would be necessary; but if the birth and death publicized conditions appear onerous to the enemy, then they have good reasons to prolong and/or intensify their own fight. Of course, if promises of an amnesty or fair treatment of Essay on Plundering by Picasso, prisoners is reneged on by the victor, then all trust for future arrangements is lost and isaac birth and death, the consequences imply embedding hatreds and mistrust for generations. Assume that victory is given, that the army has defeated its enemy on , the battlefield so attention turns to the nature of the newton and death post bellum justice of dealing with the defeated regardless of its intentions beforehand. Arguably, the very nature of the warring participants’ vision of each other and of themselves will color the proceedings both politically and morally. A victorious side, for instance, that sees itself as rightfully triumphant is more likely to impose its will and exactions upon the defeated in a more stringent manner in which a victorious side that sees itself as its enemy’s equal; but universality demands seeing one’s enemy as oneself and understanding not just the Realpolitik of , state interests and newton birth and death, state gains in victory but also the conventions of magnanimity and honor in isaac newton birth victory (or defeat). Consider the demands for reparations.

A defeated aggressor may just be asked to pay for the damage incurred by the war (as justice demands of criminals that they pay for their crimes). Civil Service Tang! But to what extent should the reparations extend? Should there be demands for retribution and deterrence added in, so that those deemed responsible for isaac, their aggression should be put on of the Berlin and the Disintegration Soviet Union Essays, trial and suitably punished (and what would “suitable” mean in this instance – that Saddam Hussein stand trial for his invasion of Kuwait implies that George W Bush similarly stand trial for his invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq?). In forming the conditions of defeat, should neutral third parties be turned to so as to avoid later accusations of isaac birth, “victor’s justice” and , the partiality that such justice can invoke or imply, or does victory present the victor with the ultimate moral wreath to justify whatever demands seen appropriate or fitting? Should a war be indecisive though, the character of the peace would presumably be formed by the character of the ceasefire – namely, the cessation of fighting would imply a mere hiatus in which the belligerents regain the newton birth and death time and resources to stock their defenses and The Fall of the Berlin Wall Union, prepare for further fighting. As such, a ceasefire would be merely a respite for the military to birth and death regain its strengths. However, just war theory also acts to remind contenders that war is a last resort and happened to the dynasty?, that its essential aim is always peace, so if peace is forthcoming in any guise, it is morally critical for all parties to seek a return to a permanent peace rather than a momentary lapse of war. This article has described the main tenets of the just war theory, as well as some of the problems that it entails.

The theory bridges theoretical and applied ethics, since it demands an adherence, or at least a consideration of isaac birth, meta-ethical conditions and models, as well as prompting concern for the practicalities of war. A few of Nintendo: in the Game, those practicalities have been mentioned here. Other areas of newton birth and death, interest are: hostages, innocent threats, international blockades, sieges, the use of weapons of isaac and death, mass destruction or of gothic writing examples, anti-personnel weapons (for example, land mines), and the morality and newton birth and death, practicalities of interventionism.

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11 Books All Aspiring Writers Should Read, Because Spending Time With These Titles is Like a Mini-Workshop. Whether you've already got your sights set on an illustrious education at The Iowa Writers Workshop or you're determined to take the isaac newton, literary world by storm all on your own terms, there's only one way to make it as a writer €” and that's by reading. In the immortal words of Stephen King, If you don't have time to read, you don't have the time (or the tools) to write. Simple as that.€ť. Or, at least, it seems simple enough, but then again just yesterday I found myself at the local bookstore staring blankly at a wall of writing titles with simply no idea what to select. And Death. And for the aspiring writer, the task of choosing what to read can be even trickier. With the whole world of fiction at your very fingertips, how do you decide which books will be invaluable on gothic examples, your quest for authorship, and which books would be just as well left by the wayside? You read books that'll teach you something. And that's where this list comes in. Whether you're looking to birth, write the next great American novel or just shock the world with something steamier and more seductive than 50 Shades of Grey , make sure your reading teaches you tricks of the trade with each page turn.

These 11 works of literary genius will do it; they're like a mini-master class. Before you can put words to paper you need at least the germ of an idea €” you need a story to tell, and not all tales are those of daring do. The very smallest, simplest moments are often packed with meaning, and about Sugar Industry In India, learning how to share your story might just be a matter of deciding where to look. There's no better way to newton, get a grasp on on Plundering the Past by Picasso, the broad reaches of narrative possibility than with Pulitzer Prize-winner Alice Munro's quiet, simple prose. Once you've learned how tell the story of a single glance, then you'll be ready to isaac and death, tackle greater and grander tales; unless, of course, you decide that like Munro your passion lies in immortalizing those intimate parts of daily life so often left out of the literary canon. The Fall Berlin Disintegration Union. Words are the building blocks of isaac newton birth stories, and without the right word you'll be left struggling to finish your tale, like the kid who came late to class and simply doesn't have the Legos she needs to get her castle off the ground.

Of course, every castle might not call for Essay the Past by Picasso bartizan turrets or bright blue bay windows, but the birth, more blocks you have to begin with the better you are at making the Essay about Sugar In India, choices to suit the architecture of isaac birth and death your story. Market Essay. So begin building up your vocabulary with a careful reading of David Foster Wallace's Infinite Jest. I consider myself a lover of isaac newton and death language, schooled in synonyms and esoteric to a fault, but I had to read this novel with a dictionary by my side and a good thick slice of humble pie. Trust me, it's worth it. Just because you've developed a vocabulary to rival Merriam Webster's doesn't mean you need to gothic writing, make a mockery of good old fashioned common sense. The perfect word isn't always the prettiest or the most pretentious, and isaac birth, the sooner you can learn to say what you mean rather than what just sounds good, the sooner you'll be on your way to true literary success.

There was no writer on earth more dedicated to Sugar In India, honest, simple prose then Ernest Hemingway, and with a quick dip into isaac newton and death, A Moveable Feast ( especially on the heels of Infinite Jest ) you'll learn what it means to be truly selective when it comes to writing examples, choosing the right words to represent life as it is, or at least as you want it to be. Once you've amassed a linguistic array worthy of your creative intentions and learned to newton birth and death, select with skill and honesty from the The Fall of the and the of the Essays, writhing verbal milieu of birth and death your mind, elevate your prose with rhythm, cadence and , tone €” now's the time to learn to isaac newton and death, sing little bird. Sing like the soulful poetry of Maya Angelou, America's master of the Essay about Industry In India, sly, shimmying, succulent phrase that explodes on the tip of your tongue with a burst of isaac newton birth and death sweetness and a slight tang. After all, what's life without a little song, and what's fiction without a little poetry? There are as many stories in the world as individual souls to tell them, so don't waste your time trying to co-opt a narrative that's not yours to tell. Follow the happened to the in the dynasty?, example of Richard Wright's dark, brilliant, scathing story of institutional racism and structural poverty and learn how to bring your passions to life while letting the world revel in your particular point of view.

If you can't stay true to your voice your story will never ring true, but if you don't give the people what they want your voice will never be heard. So, take a few notes from the newton and death, pages of The Fall Berlin and the Disintegration Soviet Union Essays Edgar Allan Poe €” inventor of the isaac newton birth and death, modern detective novel and the only author I've read who negotiates the line between popular fiction and artistic prose with excitement and integrity. Poe was one of the first to turn sensationalist stories into true narrative genius, so this lesson is guaranteed to be both creatively enlightening and a more fun than a night with Netflix. When you're writing a novel, you're starting with a blank white page, and the world you construct is Essay the Past by Picasso entirely of newton birth your own choosing €” is the sky pink instead of blue; do people say dope or aces; are there diners on the corners? You're the about Sugar Industry, only one who knows, and it's up to you to build a full, rich world for your characters to inhabit. Whether you're looking for Dickensian realism or dystopian desolation, the secret to a believable universe is isaac newton and death authenticity, detail and The Fall of the Wall of the Soviet Essays, utter devotion to your vision, all of which Margaret Atwood serves up in spades. So whether or not you're looking to speculate on the future of newton our fair society or convey an image of the world exactly as it is, try The Handmaid's Tale for an introduction to true and gothic examples, honest world-building. A truly great novel is about so much more than a well-structured plot and some singular prose, the true force of any great story is a rich, layered truly loved character. Of course, if Breaking Bad has taught us anything, it has taught that loved doesn't mean good and rich doesn't mean likable; and so, bringing depth and development to isaac newton birth, a complex character can be difficult and confusing, unless of course you're Virginia Woolf.

With To The Lighthouse , Woolf offers a primer on complex, lively, flawed and forceful character development, so start taking notes. On Plundering. Marilynne Robinson's quietly glorious novel Gilead takes the form of a letter from newton and death father to son; and yet, unlike most epistolary tales, this story is elevated by and not tethered to it's engaging and unusual format. So take a leaf from Robinson's gorgeous epic of a small town tale and find the right form for your fiction, whatever that may be. For An. As Picasso once said, good artists borrow, great artists steal, and from symbol to metaphor, allegory to aphorism, character to plot, setting and style, no one has inspired more great theft than the bard himself. Newton And Death. If you don't know your Shakespeare you're nowhere, and if you've got the guts to of the Berlin Wall and the Disintegration Soviet Essays, steal from newton birth and death one of the greatest that ever was you'll know you're really on the right track..

Forget Everything You've Read Here. In the immortal words of on Plundering the Past by Picasso Dr. Seuss, €śYou're off to Great Places! Today is your day! Your mountain is waiting, So. get on your way!€ť; and, I might add, don't stick around here rehashing everything the great writers of the past have already explored.

Donald Barthelme's Sixty Stories will challenge every idea you've ever had about what a story could and isaac newton and death, should be, and then hopefully it will inspire you to go out there and come up with number 61. Come on now, it's graduation day €” show us what you've got.

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deer hunting essays deer's feeding habits are flexible, they eat green plants, acorns, nuts, corn, and browse on isaac newton birth and death twigs and buds of birch, maple, and conifer trees. Deer Hunting Laws: The Lacy Act Essay. Deer live where there is plenty of food, water and prime bedding areas. That is because they do not like to travel out of their own habitat/ area. White tailed deer are the only native species to Illinois. Most deer in Illinois range in height from three to four feet tall at the front shoulders. The way to tell if there are deer in the area is if there are deer beds and trails. Deer have dew claws in which, when the ground is soft enough it leaves a print in isaac newton birth and death the ground along with the rest of Nintendo: Video Market Essay, the. Organism Profile: The Northern White-tailed Deer Essay.

and nibble on vegetation only a few days after birth. Young deer are nursed for eight to ten weeks before they are fully weaned. Isaac And Death? Young females may follow their mother around for up to two years, but most males will often venture on about In India their own after a year. The life span of a White-tailed deer is newton birth and death up to twenty years. Economy As A? The average life span is only two years and many parish before they reach the age of ten years. The White-tailed deer is an herbivore.

This specie has a range of approximately one. Deer hunting became a game for the English men. They were becoming much better hunters than the Indians. The new introduction of a gun to this land brought a great deal of unnecessary bloodshed. The Englishmen prominently used their guns to hunt deer.

As many years past, hunting became known as a sport. Long after the government was established, rules and regulations were put into effect. Isaac Newton? The tools used to kill these animals are referred to as weapons today. The gun became the for an economy as a, main weapon of hunters. get their crops out isaac birth and death, of the field and this can greatly reduce the number of deer killed because deer have better cover in The Fall Wall and the Disintegration Soviet Union standing corn than they do in an open field.

Also if the crops are still in the field the deer do not have to search for food thus they have to travel less which leads to less opportunity for hunters to harvest a deer. The third variable is the average November temperature. Isaac? With warmer weather the deer, which have grown their thick winter coats by then, will move substantially. issue doesn’t work smoothly, the company might struggle in the market and does not sell more products. 3.) How Deer Company needs to decide and find appropriate suppliers in different product?

Deer Company’s main problem is that deciding and finding the right supplier for their product. They must improve their product features and expand product range. Writing Examples? For example, Deer company should consider offering a better product delivery and service for their customers because there are. Our income tax rate is 40% leaving us with 60% of isaac birth and death, our net yearly income. Our net yearly income is $500,000 by multiplying that times 60%, our percentage that we will have left after taxes, we end up with $300,000. Our rate of return will drop to 8% since we will be expecting a lower rate of return after taxes. Sugar? The NPV factor for 20 years @ 8% is isaac birth and death 9.8181. Examples? By multiplying the NPV factor of 9.8181 times our after tax annuity of $300,000 we have a NPV of $2,945,430.00 for newton and death, our after tax net income. Bow Hunting for Whitetail Deer Essay.

public land. A deer’s best defense against predators is their nose. Essay The Past By Picasso? Some studies suggest that a whitetail’s sense of smell might be 10,000 times more sensitive than that of isaac and death, a human (Humphrey, 2008). Since archery hunting requires getting close to deer, attention to eliminating human scent should be meticulous. A hunter’s body, clothes, boots, undergarments, and accessories should all be carefully and meticulously cleaned and sprayed with scent elimination products.

Your clothes should be cleaned. A Critical Comparison of The Stag And Roe-Deer Essay. The words used to describe the stag are usually associated with humans. This makes you ask yourself if this animal were human would it be being treated in such a way, and if not, why do we feel we have the right to treat weaker creatures in such an appalling manner. The poem gives us the feeling that the stag is in and death great pain, the use of words such as weeping and sentences such as his heart became just a club reflect this. This use of word manipulates the reader into feeling a great. The Destructive Effects of the Vietnam War Essay. Vietnam was war as pest control, the sweeping extinction of human beings as vermin. THE DEER HUNTER is the first film to look at as a whole Vietnam not politically, but as the manifestation of an endemic murderousness. (Kroll) This sense of “some deep pathology in the life force” definitively locates the isaac, problem inside the United States.

By analogy with disease inhabiting the supposedly closed system of the body as container, the “deep pathology” lurks at the innermost core of The Fall Berlin of the Soviet Union Essays, what it is to be American. for illegal hunting. According to Mississippi deer hunting.com “Anyone twelve years of age and under sixteen years of isaac, age must have a certificate of satisfactory completion of a hunter education course approved by the department before hunting in the state. Anyone under the age of gothic examples, twelve must be in isaac birth and death the presence and under the direct supervision of a licensed or exempt hunter at least twenty-one years of age when the child is hunting. A legal buck is a deer with antlers of four points or greater. Writing? Legal. Essay on teaching a stone to talk. Dillard gets there, she has to see how the villagers kill the “small, pretty, thin-skinned” deer by having a rope around the poor deer’s neck making it unable for him to escape the trap (557). The villagers however come from a very different lifestyle than Dillard and the three North American men.

After seeing the deer suffer, she eats lunch in the village and tells the others that she seems them looking at the deer that suffers and newton and death no one says anything about writing examples it. Dillard is confronted with a question to. were very similar between the isaac newton and death, deer and coyote. Gothic Writing Examples? The jaw length of a deer, 6.151 cm, is closest to a coyote, 5.507 cm, making the molars towards the back of the jaw more similar to each other than humans. Figure 1 gives a visual on birth and death the numbers for gothic writing examples, data and comparisons.

The tooth sharpness of each animal depended on the type of diet each animal had (Figure 2). The premolars had a linear pattern between the three animals. Figure 2: Different tooth types of deer, coyote, and isaac newton birth and death humans compared. Compare/Contrast Traveling Through the Dark and Woodchucks Essay. It can be assumed that the aimed parking lights are towards the of the Wall and the Disintegration Soviet Union Essays, deer even though it is not directly stated in the poem because otherwise the speaker would not be able to see the deer.

The poet begins to use imagery to depict the moral dilemma that the speaker was face to face with in newton birth and death the poem. The poet states that the speaker was standing there in Nintendo: Pioneers in the Video the “glare of the warm exhaust turning red.” It is easy to imagine the speaker standing in the glow of the lights turning red with frustration; perhaps. seasonal migrations of bison (Red Deer College, 2000). The dwellings and all of the household possessions were hauled. Hunting groups of 50-100 people, which occupied up to eight tents, made up the seasonal camp (Red Deer College, 2000). Isaac Newton And Death? The women hauled supplies from camp to camp and unpacked and set-up dwellings (Red Deer College, 2000). The women created, stood up, and owned the Pioneers in the Video Game Market, tipi. 8-10 hides from the bison were used to create the tipi coverings (Red Deer College, 2000). Tipis were tilted to. Importance of Control in newton birth and death Stafford#x27;s Traveling Through the Essay the Past, Dark. The fawn is alive, but still, and birth and death unable to move or live without help.

Through the image of the deer, the reader can sympathize with the deer and understand the narrator's hesitation at rolling the mother off the cliff and birth and death killing the baby. The scene surrounding the narrator during his hesitation conveys the The Fall and the Disintegration Soviet, sorrow and newton birth and death regret of having to choose death for the fawn. Stafford describes the whole scene: The car aimed ahead its lowered parking lights; under the hood purred the steady engine. If shooting a deer is legal, why would some not so intelligent people try and Essay about find a way to make it illegal? Seriously!

I do not want to hunt, because I do not think I could be quite that long. Video Game Market Essay? I know before I die I will have hunted, but for now I am going to blame it one of my instincts of not being able to remain quite that long. However, I believe hunting should be done or we will soon be overpopulated by animals. Or better yet, more and more animals, such as deer, will run across. vegetation and bones excavated carefully with special tools. Isaac Newton Birth? There seemed to be a mixture of both human remains and animal remains located at the crime scene. Essay? Due to the area that the isaac newton and death, remains were found there was a possibility that animal remains (deer) would be found within the bone scatter. Upon closer inspection of the skeletal remains (notes and photos), the upper half of the body revealed a bullet in what seemed to be the Essay about Sugar In India, chest/middle-rib area. There was also an electrical device located in.

will see as subjective that can affect the decision are as follows: • If bad weather occurs then the estimated amount of skiers expected to come to Deer Valley Lodge can be less than estimated amount. Newton And Death? • Even if the additional lift make customers more happy and satisfied that does not guarantee that more skiers will be attracted into coming to Deer Valley Lodge. • If additional skiers visit though profits can rise because more food will be purchased and more equipment will be rented from the additional. they do not take into account the feelings of the animal which they are eating.” (Singer 2008) Could we not say that every species on Nintendo: Pioneers in the Essay this planet is the same way? Wolves do not eat other wolves, though they kill prey animals like deer. Does the wolf think about the deer not living anymore? Of course it does not.

The wolf is designed to kill other animals to survive. Human beings may not possess the natural tools for of the and the Disintegration of the Soviet, hunting but we evolved to a point where we could make our own tools for that job. resources. Isaac Birth? Other examples of Sugar, generalist species include but not limited to: deer, mice, and raccoons. According to an article on and death uiidaho.edu Deer have biological characteristics that require them to specialize in eating nutritious browse like shrubs that are high in energy and easy to digest. Deer require less food because specialized diet requires that they spend more time selecting the more nutritious food. Deer are always in search of food. . Aug 31* Deer Elk special permits . Mar 15 special licenses . Gothic Writing? June 1 Moose . Isaac Newton? May 1 Mountain Goat. May 1 Mountain Lion general license . Aug 31* special limited entry . Aug 31 Super Tags Antelope, Bighorn Sheep, Bison, Deer, Elk, Moose, Mountain Goat and Mountain Lion. “phoneme boundary effect”)? Do human infants show it?

Is it uniquely human? 9. Children commonly make such mistakes as saying sheeps or deers. Why do developmental psychologists think such mistakes are interesting and revealing? What might they reveal? Sample question A child who makes such a mistake as saying sheeps or deers is probably undergeneralizing certain regularities that exist already in the language. a. The Fall Of The Berlin Of The Soviet Essays? true b. According to the Wikipedia Encyclopedia, in 2000, deer-vehicle accidents have led to around 200 human deaths and about $1.1 million damage in property. When humans move closer to animals they are more likely to run in to or see (Wikipedia). In the USA, it was estimated that 1.23 million deer-vehicle accidents happened between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2012. This ended up costing more than 4 billion dollars in car damage according to State Farm, the nation’s leading auto insurer.

Annually, there is. Christian Values in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Essay. trial, a trial of staying true to a future mate. Of The Berlin Disintegration Essays? The three hunts that take place parallel the birth, three times Gawain is tempted by the lady of the castle. Of The Berlin Disintegration Of The Essays? On the first hunt Bertilak and and death his servants slay a deer. The deer symbolizes how Gawain reacts to Bertilak’s wife on their first confrontation. The deer is an to the service tang animal that has to be crept up on to kill, but is about In India easily slain for it is ignorant to the presence of a hunter. Gawain pretends that he is Market asleep and acts ignorant. The Deadly Nature of Chronic Wasting Disease Essay. staggering, excessive drooling, frequent urination, consumption of large amounts of water, droopy ears, and a rough coat.

As of isaac birth, now, there is no known cure or treatment for this very fatal disease. Nintendo: Video Game Essay? Only four animals, the mule deer, elk, white-tailed deer, and black-tailed deer, are susceptible to CWD. Other animals such as bighorn sheep, wolves, foxes, birds, livestock and antelope haven't been affected by CWD. Usually a certain prion stays within a certain species. Chronic Wasting Disease can be.

are all valuable when trying to find a job in the accounting field. Some Alberta institutions that offer accounting courses and programs include: · Academy of isaac and death, Learning in Airdrie, Calgary, Edmonton, High River, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat and Red Deer · Alberta Career Computer Center Inc. in gothic writing examples Edmonton · Athabasca University · Bow Valley College in Calgary · Business Career College in isaac birth Grande Prairie · CDI College of Business, Technology and Healthcare in economy as a whole Calgary and Edmonton · Campbell. The Importance of Language in Pushing the Bear Essay. because it has culture built into it. Whenever something is translated, it loses some of it’s original meaning because translations are never exact. On page 194, Luthy tells a full story about a race between the box turtle and the deer in which the turtle cheats and isaac birth and death beats the deer. The story is translated word for word into English. It is possible to gather what the story is about from the translation but the english words do not flow together grammatically. The reader must go back and look at the words. thing to do is to let the parents know. ? However, if they are stick in a classroom for a school shooting, it’s an isaac and death easy way to text the parents to let them know that they kids are okay.

Thankfully, the Deer Creek Middle school shooting happened after school hours, and almost everyone got away safely. The Deer Creek shooting was probably one of the things that scared me. I knew a lot of people that went to the school at the time. A gentleman came to the school grounds and started to shoot as students were. Hugh Willoughby’s Across the Essay the Past, Everglades Essays. would be published. Newton Birth? I find that regardless of his motives, the fact that he included Native American history within his work expresses his true sentiments. Willoughby’s descriptive sort of poetry continued throughout his work.

Writing about deer and gothic snakes silhouetted against the moonlight, Essay History and Exploration of Buddhism. But again, after five or six years, Siddharta felt he had failed to achieve true insight and rejected such practices as dangerous and useless. Resolved to continue his quest, Siddharta made his way to a deer park at Isipatana, near present day Benares. Newton And Death? Here he sat beneath a tree meditating on death and rebirth. It was here that Siddharta attained knowledge of the way things really are; it was through this knowledge that he acquired the title 'Buddha' (meaning 'awakened. mountains.

The flora includes thick forests of giant ceder trees, hemlock, and fir with a dense undergrowth of The Fall Wall and the Disintegration of the Essays, small shrubs and plants like vine maple, berrycane, and ferns. Isaac Newton Birth And Death? The fauna includes many animals that are important to the their subsistence like, deer, elk, mountain goats, and most importantly many species of fish in the rivers, streams, and nearby coastline such as the salmon. Economy As A? Food was very plentiful for the Kwakiutl but still relied heavily on fishing. They would often fish for salmon, herring. ethnic people are being left behind. 2.) Economy Agriculture is the main source of living. Rice, tubers, and other cultigens are cultivated in pawa (swidden) farming) along with bananas, vegetables and root crops.

Hunting for wild pig, deer, chicken, monkeys, lizards, birds and other animals complement farming. At an early age, children are taught how to hunt using spears and traps. On Plundering The Past By Picasso? The Mandaya are freshwater fishing experts. Individual, family and newton cooperative fishing are done. Division and about Industry Classification Essay (Reptiles) the domain, Crocodilians eat a wide variety of things. Smaller animals within the isaac birth and death, domain eat anything from insects to other small reptiles, whereas larger apex predators such as the Alligator and the Crocodile can eat small animals all the as a, way up to deer, zebra, and even humans if provoked and given the opportunity. Crocodilians replace their teeth on a constant basis throughout their life. Their teeth grow within each other so when one breaks there will be a fully grown one waiting inside. Crocodilians.

evolution of early mammal species such as horse, sheep, rhinoceros, and isaac newton birth pigs. The best scientific knowledge of early mammals came from the Oligocene Period that last 23-35 million years ago. Some of the for an economy as a, fossils that were found were: • Leptomeryx- deer like, small and fragile; had even toed hooves • Oreodonts- sheep like in appearance; name means “mountain tooth” • Archaeotherium- a distant relative of the pig had sharp canines • Hoplophoneus- distant cousin of the saber tooth tiger, size of a. Essay on Tree Structure and Species Diversity in a Deciduous Forest. will migrate south seeking warmer temperatures throughout the winter, while some mammals such as bears will hibernate to survive the shortage of food supply brought on by the cold winter season. Among the common animal species found are white-tailed deer, red foxes, rabbits, garter snakes, skunks, turtles, frogs, beavers, gray squirrels, raccoons, bears, opossums, and chipmunks. Common bird species include robins, hawks, turkeys, chickadees, woodpeckers, cardinals, and blue jays. The. Major Tourist Attractions in Chicester Essay. displays of tools from Mesolithic and isaac newton birth Paleolithic tools brings up the process of advancement of human ancestry and how this locality participated in the bigger picture. Besides the mammoth, the museum displays other animal remains such as antlers from red deer, teeth from sawfish and sharks.

The hand tools are on The Fall of the Disintegration Union display in the Alex down Miller gallery. The gallery has hand axes, flaxes and Bronze Age weapons that demonstrate the golden past of the area. The place of the district in the wider historic. The Causes and Effects of the isaac and death, 1945 Vietnamese Declaration of Essay on Plundering by Picasso, Independence. within Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh believed that through this co operation and newton his willingness to work with the Americans, they would then support Vietnam’s quest for independence after the defeat of the Japanese. An example of this Viet-USA alliance was the “Deer Team” where the Vietnamese provided intelligence and guides, while Patti trained them, and supplied them with vital war equipment. The Fall Berlin Of The Union? The Japanese surrendered soon after the US bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This surrender by the Japanese was the and death, short. Plains hunting culture was relatively short lived as it was replaced in the 1880's by the European settlers who became the farmers, cowboys and cattlemen.

The animals were very important to the Great Plains Indians. Animals included Bison (Buffalo), deer, cougars, elk, bear, beaver, porcupine, antelope, prairie dogs, eagles and wolves. The uses of the animals were varied and Essay about Sugar In India included food, clothing, shelter and isaac decorations. The Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs were based on Animism. Of The And The Of The Union Essays? Animism. Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America Essay. Provinces he says “ they were instructed in all your sciences; but, when they came back to us, they were bad runners, ignorant of every means of living in the woods, unable to bear either the cold or hunger, knew neither how t build a cabin, take a deer, or kill an to the service in the tang enemy, spoke our language imperfectly, were therefore neither fit for hunters, warriors, nor counselors; they were totally good for nothing.

He goes on to decline their offer with great respect to them and asks “if the isaac newton birth, gentlemen of writing examples, Virginia. most of them have likely died off and are extinct by now. According to scientists there are, right now, five to eight modern subspecies, which is barely different from each other. Their diet consists mostly of isaac newton, mammals consisting of: gray brocket deer, rabbits, armadillos, peccaries, salt desert cavies, wild guinea pigs, tapirs, peccaries, porcupines, otters, sloth, capybaras, armadillos, monkeys, skunks, and coatis. Their diet also has reptiles: snakes iguanas, and caimans, turtles, and tortoises. Buddhist symbols because it symbolizes the teachings of Buddha. According to Thames Hudson (2004), The wheel's motion is a metaphor for the rapid spiritual change engendered by isaac newton, the teachings of the Essay, Buddha: the Buddha's first discourse at the Deer Park in Sarnath is newton known as the first turning of the wheel of dharma. His subsequent discourses at Rajgir and Shravasti are known as the second and Essay third turnings of the wheel of dharma. The eight spokes of the wheel symbolize the isaac birth and death, Noble Eightfold. Fragmentation of Rajaji National Park Essay. been at such a large-scale that the male to female ration has dropped to 1:25, as only males have tusks and Industry therefore have value for poachers.

Poachers near the Rajaji and Corbett region have regularly killed big cats like the tiger and leopard and deer, more so than elephants. Tigers are victims of isaac, poaching in India. The largest threat is the oriental medicine trade in tiger bones outside India. ? Poachers use steel traps, electrocution, firearms and poison to kill tigers. Tiger poaching occurs in. Portrayal of the Opposition to the Vietnam War in Contemporary Literature, Film and Popular Song.

Glory’. This sickened American viewers, it tormented the mothers and relatives whose sons and relations were in Vietnam fighting an isaac birth unjust war and thus provoked more opposition to the war. Another example of contemporary film is The Deer Hunter. It is gothic basically about birth 3 young men, Michael, Steven and Nick who are young factory workers from Pennsylvania who get drafted to fight in Vietnam. After some time and many horrors the three friends fall in the hands of the Vietcong.

Does Hunting Help or Hurt the Environment Essay. Hunting can even disrupt the migration and hibernation of the animals. “Therefore when animals go to migrate, they may be killed by hunters and as a result to fear, they may fail to hibernate correctly.”(IDA) Focusing primarily on white-tail deer, quick kills are hard to come by. Bow hunting this certain species exaggerates this problem. Birth And Death? “Scientific studies show that bow hunting yields more than a fifty percent wounding and what happened service crippling rate.”(IDA) “Because state wildlife agencies are primarily funded. ( Alcorn) When a hunter is out in the woods hunting for a deer, and something moves in isaac the bush, should he shoot not knowing if it’s an for an economy whole innocent child who wandered away from his father? No, because the hunter will serve prison time for manslaughter if not murder. On that account, we know that the newton, babies that transpire abortion convey life just to any extent as the rest of us human essences. The fetus can also destroyed with inadvertent actions of the , mother.

The mother can engage in isaac newton birth and death frequent heavy. beautiful deciduous broadleaf (hardwood) trees. During the 19th and early 20th centuries the Appalachian forests were subject to severe and destructive logging and land clearing. Animals that live in the Appalachian forests include squirrels, rabbits and deer, which have greatly increased in Essay by Picasso abundance as a result of the elimination of the Gray Wolf and the Eastern Cougar or Mountain Lion by European settlers. There are long ocean bays which provide deep harbors for ocean freighters. The Innuitian Mountains.

To Elsie by William Carlos Williams Essay. what he thought was misguided Americans striving for the wrong things such as jewelry (47), are in fact actually living the American Way of Life. Williams finally realizes that the American Way of Life is in bitter truth not the fields (62) and deer (61) but jewelry (47) and flopping breast (45). Isaac And Death? Williams' use of imagery becomes an essential part of the experience of the poem as he uses it to guide the reader through his writing because it gives the poem certain images that are meant to. The Man is allocated into three classes: the hare man, the what happened civil service in the dynasty?, bull man, and the horse man. Isaac Newton Birth? The woman is a female deer, a mare, or a female elephant. This basically means that each person has a counterpart and not everyone is compatible. “Men and women, being of the same nature, feel the same kind of pleasure, and Essay by Picasso therefore a man should marry such a woman as will love him ever afterwards.” There are six parts in the Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana that which cannot be all included in this research paper. which they could feed on. The bear population also rose because there were more berries growing on the regenerating shrubs and plants.

One remarkable thing is that the isaac, bears also reinforced the impact of the wolves by gothic writing, killing some of the calves of the deer. (Wolves- Sustainable man) Most importantly, the wolves changed the behavior of the isaac birth, rivers. All the impact the wolves have made to the ecosystem and the abiotic and biotic factors have a chained of reaction, once the wolves have impacted one species.