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Dissertation table of contents

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APA Format Examples, Tips, and dissertation table of contents, Guidelines. APA format is the clash theory official style used by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. Check out this gallery of examples, tips, and dissertation of contents, guidelines for trailers writing papers in APA format. Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to the format of an APA style title page. Your title page should contain a running head that is flush left at the top of the table page and a page number that is flush right at the top of the page. The title should be at the top half of the on To Catch a Terrorist page and should be centered between margins. Use both upper-case and lower-case letters. This page should include the title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is no more than 12 words in length. Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. or Ph.D.) before and after your name.

Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in of contents the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the major variables and elizabethan language, the relationships between them. For example, #34;Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance#34; is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the table paper is about. The APA style guide also advises writers to avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;. You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to of mice and men page your title. Of Contents! All sources cited in trailers your psychology paper should be included in the reference page.

The reference page should appear at the end of your APA paper. The purpose of this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. Dissertation Table! One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Of Archetypes! Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the References title. Some More Basic Reference Page Rules.

Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the reference needs to be indented. In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. Dissertation Table! If a colon appears in the title, the of mice page count first letter after the colon should also be capitalized.

The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized. All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and journals should appear in italics. In the dissertation case where the same author is cited multiple times for different works, start by listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to star bucks the most recent one. Learn more about APA references: Tables are a great way to display a great deal of information in a concise, clear and dissertation table of contents, easy to read format. In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the clash of civilization results of statistical analysis and table of contents, other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in the text of the malaysia paper and dissertation of contents, not all data should be presented in a table. If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in language mind. Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to understand.

Basic Rules for Tables in APA Format. All tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3). Each table should have an individual title, italicized and of contents, presented with each word capitalized (except and , in elizabethan , of , with , etc.). For example, Correlations Between Age and Test Scores. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Dissertation Table Of Contents! Each table should begin on a separate page. Bucks! Horizontal lines can be used to separate information and make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to the new sixth edition of the table APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced. The key is to keep the table readable and the spacing consistent.

All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper. Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. Elizabethan Language! You should use a font that is large enough to read without magnification Focus on keeping your table concise. Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and confuse the reader. Stick to reporting the most important data. Table Of Contents! Remember that your table is there to on To Catch supplement rather than replicate the text of dissertation, your paper.

Do not feel the of mice and men page count need to discuss every element of your table in your text. Instead, mention key highlights and tell the reader what to look for in your table. Table headings should be located flush right. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading. The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for dissertation table standard terms (e.g. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in Essay a note below the table. Additional Notes to an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the table.

There are three kinds of notes: General notes, specific notes, and probability notes. General notes refer to some aspect of the dissertation table entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the probability level. Is the table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about? Is the spacing consistent throughout the table? Does the body of the paper refer to the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and presentation? Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in uk film notes?

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in alphabetical order in your APA format reference list. Table Of Contents! Consult the image below for examples of journal articles in APA format. Capitalize the first word in theory the title, subtitle, and proper nouns.

Italicize the of contents name of the publication and the volume number. The basic format of of civilization theory, a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials. Next, the table publication year is enclosed in parentheses and of archetypes, followed by a period. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the dissertation table journal should then follow along with the elizabethan volume number, both of which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the article should also be included. Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Electronic References Are Similar to Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is very similar to that of any other reference.

However, you do need to include the date the reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the dissertation table document. As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in your references whenever possible. A DOI is examples of archetypes a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to table organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher).

Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an elizabethan language, electronic document. If a DOI is available, simply include it at dissertation of contents the end of the reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.

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Table of Contents

Los Angeles: Education and Research. Elementary and Secondary Schools. The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) is the country's second largest district, with a K #x2013; 12 student enrollment of more than 746,800. Geographically, it encompasses 704 square miles, an area that includes the City of dissertation, Los Angeles and all or parts of 28 other cities, as well as some unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. Uk Film! Faced with unprecedented economic downswings and tremendous cuts from the table, State of California, LAUSD had to find ways to reduce spending in 2003 by more than 360 million dollars. Los Angeles public schools began operating under the 90-30 system in the early 1990s.

To save the costs of building new schools in a district that takes in 15,000 more students each year, students attend school for 90 days, then take 30 days off, year-round. The following is a summary of data regarding Los Angeles public schools in Los Angeles as of the uk film trailers, 2004 #x2013; 2005 school year. Total enrollment: 904,799 (includes adult schools and childrens' centers) Number of table, facilities. elementary schools: 434. junior high schools: 78. senior high schools: 56.

other: 14 multilevel; 21 magnet schools; 140 centers; 20 special education; 45 continuation high schools; 7 primary centers; 11 opportunity schools; 6 opportunity high schools; 1 newcomer school; 26 community adult; 5 regional occupation centers; 4 skills centers; 110 early education centers. Student/teacher ratio: 22:1. Spending per of archetypes, pupil: $6,719 (2001 #x2013; 2002) Public Schools Information: Los Angeles Unified School District, 333 South Beaudry Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90017. The Los Angeles area is table, home to three campuses of the University of California system, seven from the California State University system, and clash twenty private colleges and universities. The two largest are the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and the University of Southern California (USC), nationally known as major research universities. Other prominent colleges and dissertation universities in the area include the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech), Loyola Marymount University, the Claremont colleges, Pepperdine University, and Mount St.

Mary's College. The Los Angeles Public Library System operates 69 branches throughout the metropolitan area with a total of more than 6 million volumes. The main branch is the third largest public library in the country. The system also maintains holdings of of mice count, maps, audio tapes, films and videos, art reproductions, mobile libraries, and special services for the visually impaired. Its special collections include California history, African American fiction, genealogy, Japanese prints, rare books, and the nation's largest collection of materials on food and drink, including several thousand menus, primarily from California restaurants. Both UCLA and USC operate major libraries whose holdings number more than 6.2 million and 2.7 million volumes respectively. Dissertation Of Contents! The Los Angeles County Law Library consists of 9 branches with a collection totaling more than 700,000 volumes in all areas of of civilization theory, law and dissertation legal issues.

More than 150 other specialized and private libraries serve the Los Angeles area. Some of the most advanced research in elizabethan language, the world is conducted at Los Angeles' three major institutions of higher learning (UCLA, USC, and the California Institute of Technology). Between 1923 and 2001, twenty Nobel prize winners came from Los Angeles institutions. Research activities are conducted in such fields as archaeology, oral history, folklore and mythology, international studies, AIDS, cystic fibrosis, schizophrenia, radiology and table of contents thalmology manufacturing automation, laser studies, marine sciences, sickle cell anemia, oncology, neonatology, astronomy, seismology, hydraulics, radiation, foreign policy, armament and disarmament, desert studies, and ocean studies. Page! Los Angeles has become a mecca for researchers searching for ways to dissertation table understand the changing character of America. Public Library Information: Los Angeles Public Library System, 630 West Fifth Street, Los Angeles, CA 90071-2097; telephone (213)228-7000. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for trailers your bibliography.

COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), just west of the dissertation table of contents, downtown area, is the fourth largest airport in the world in terms of passengers handled, and the airport is served by dozens of major airlines with thousands of flights each year. Count! Nearby Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport is served by of contents six major airlines. Greyhound carries passengers to a terminal in downtown Los Angeles. Amtrak has invested $100 million in new passenger trains in recent years; its Pacific Surfliner carries passengers from San Diego through Los Angeles to San Luis Obispo. Three interstate highways converge in the Los Angeles area: I-5 approaching from Canada in the north, I-15 from Las Vegas to the west, and elizabethan language I-10 connecting Los Angeles with Arizona and the Southwest.

State Highway 1, the Pacific Coastal Highway, skirts the dissertation table, city along the ocean. Los Angeles is clash of civilization theory, perhaps best navigated by automobile, although the city's massive, complex web of limited-access freeways, one of the most extensive in the nation, still struggles to accommodate heavy commuter traffic. Dissertation Table! The Los Angeles Department of Transportation has implemented a state-ofthe-art computer system to manage the Catch a Terrorist, city's street traffic, but Los Angeles is still among the places with the worst traffic in the nation, according to a study by Cambridge Systematics for dissertation the American Highway Users Alliance. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit operates frequent local and Catch express bus service throughout the city and to of contents major area attractions. It also operates Metro Blue Line light rail service, the new Metro Red Line light rail service to Hollywood, and the Metro Red Line subway. The Metro Orange Line began with construction of a bridge across the Los Angeles River and is slated for an August 2005 completion. The $880 million Metro Gold Line, which will add 6 miles of track, is scheduled to on To a Terrorist begin running in 2009. Of Contents! The Mid-City/Exposition Light Rail Transit Project is the newest proposed extension of the examples in literature, 62 station Metro Rail System; preliminary engineering design work began in 2003. The City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation operates the DASH shuttle system; downtown DASH lines link major business, government, retail and entertainment centers within downtown. The Convention Center, the Garment and Jewelry districts, Olvera Street, the table of contents, Metro Blue Line, and Union Station are easily accessible via DASH lines.

Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for of mice and men your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Metropolitan Area Residents (PMSA) Percent change, 1990 #x2013; 2000: 9.4% U.S. rank in 1980: 2nd (CMSA) U.S. rank in 1990: 2nd (CMSA) U.S. rank in dissertation table, 2000: 2nd (CMSA) 2003 estimate: 3,819,338.

Percent change, 1990 #x2013; 2000: 5.9% U.S. rank in 1980: 3rd. U.S. rank in 1990: 2nd (State rank: 1st) U.S. rank in 2000: 2nd (State rank: 1st) Density: 7,876.8 people per square mile (in 2000, based on of civilization theory 1998 land area) Racial and ethnic characteristics (2000) Black or African American: 415,195. American Indian and dissertation table of contents Alaska Native: 29,412. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 5,915.

Hispanic or Latino (may be of examples of archetypes in literature, any race): 1,719,073. Percent of residents born in state: 50.2% (2000) Age characteristics (2000) Population under 5 years old: 285,976. Population 5 to 9 years old: 297,837. Population 10 to 14 years old: 255,604. Population 15 to table 19 years old: 251,632. Population 20 to 24 years old: 299,906. Population 25 to and men 34 years old: 674,098. Population 35 to 44 years old: 584,036. Population 45 to 54 years old: 428,974.

Population 55 to 59 years old: 143,965. Population 60 to 64 years old: 115,663. Population 65 to 74 years old: 187,11. Population 75 to 84 years old: 125,829. Population 85 years and over: 44,189. Median age: 31.6 years. Births (2002; Los Angeles County)

Total number: 151,167. Deaths (2002; Los Angeles County) Total number: 59,586 (of which, 825 were infants under the age of 1 year) Money income (1999) Per capita income: $20,671. Median household income: $36,687. Total households: 1,276,609.

Number of households with income of . . Table! . less than $10,000: 80,406. $10,000 to $14,999: 59,912. $15,000 to $24,999: 117,692. $25,000 to $34,999: 102,635. $35,000 to Essay Catch $49,999: 117,119. $50,000 to $74,999: 128,202. $75,000 to $99,999: 74,400. $100,000 to dissertation table of contents $149,999: 67,897. $150,000 to of mice and men count $199,999: 23,631.

$200,000 or more: 35,145. Percent of families below poverty level: 18.3% (50.9% of which were female householder families with related children under 5 years) 2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 190,992. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and table of contents copy the text for your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles readers are served by the morning Los Angeles Times. More than 100 foreign-language, special-interest, business, alternative, and neighborhood papers are published weekly in Los Angeles. La Opinion is the Essay on To a Terrorist, largest Spanish-language newspaper in the United States, with a daily circulation of 128,495. Los Angeles magazine, a monthly covering events and topics of dissertation table of contents, importance to the metropolitan area, and a number of nationally distributed magazines, such as Guns and Ammo, and uk film trailers Bon Appetit are also published in the city.

Sixteen television stations broadcast in the Los Angeles area. Table! The 33 AM and FM radio stations broadcasting there feature a wide assortment of music, news, and information programming; stations broadcasting in examples of archetypes in literature, surrounding communities are also received in Los Angeles. Media Information: Los Angeles Times, Times Mirror Square, Los Angeles, CA 90053; telephone (213)237-5000. City of Los Angeles Home Page. Available www.ci.la.ca.us. La Opinion. Available www.laopinion.com.

Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce. Table! Available www.lachamber.org. Los Angeles Convention and Visitors Bureau. Uk Film Trailers! Available www.lacvb.com. Los Angeles Economic Development Corporation.

Available www.laedc.org. Los Angeles Public Library. Available www.lapl.org. Los Angeles Times. Available www.latimes.com. Allende, Isabel, The Infinite Plan (New York: HarperCollins, 1993) Cameron, Robert W., Above Los Angeles (San Francisco: Cameron and Co., 1990) Cole, Carolyn Kozo, and Kathy Kobayashi, Shades of Los Angeles: Pictures from Ethnic Family Albums (New York: Norton, 1996) Gebhard, David, and Robert Winter, Architecture in Los Angeles (Gibbs M. Smith Inc., Peregrine Smith Books, Salt Lake City, UT, 1985) Hacker, Andrew, Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile, Unequal (New York: Scribner, 1992) Moore, Charles, Peter Becker, and Regula Campbell, The City Observed: Los Angeles (Vintage Books, 1984)

Mosley, Walter, White Butterfly (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992) Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles is the dissertation, primary health care and treatment center for the southern California region. It is the second largest health care market in the country and is at the forefront of major changes taking place in the health care industry. Of Mice And Men Page! In recent years, many community hospitals have closed and table overcapacity threatens more closures.

In the vast metro Los Angeles area, there are 822 hospitals and clinics. It has been estimated that nearly a third of the hospitals would soon close and others would consolidate so that California's health care industry will eventually be dominated by four or five huge hospital networks, but lawsuits and other problems have led the state's hospital system into uncertainty and turmoil. With more than 600 beds, UCLA Medical Center is clash theory, known worldwide as a health care innovator. Its highly experienced staff consists of more than 1,000 physicians and dissertation table of contents 3,500 nurses, therapists, technologists, and support personnel. Of Mice Page! Offering comprehensive care from the routine to dissertation table of contents the highly specialized, its physicians are some of the best in the country. Other factors contributing to the Center's top rankings include specialized intensive care units, state-of-the-art in-patient and outpatient operating suites, a Level-1 trauma center, and the latest diagnostic technology.

UCLA Medical Center includes UCLA Children's Hospital; the Jules Stein Eye Institute; the Doris Stein Eye Research Center; UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center, officially designated by the National Cancer Institute as one of the most comprehensive cancer centers in bucks, the country; and a network of health care facilities that brings UCLA-quality care to a growing number of California communities. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the dissertation, text for your bibliography. #xA9; World Encyclopedia 2005, originally published by Oxford University Press 2005. Los Angeles (Sp. Elizabethan Language! #x2018;City of dissertation table of contents, Angels#x2019;) City on bucks the Pacific coast, sw California, USA; the second-largest US city (after New York City) and the nation's leading manufacturing base. Mexican settlers founded the city in 1781. At the conclusion of the Mexican War (1848), the USA acquired Los Angeles. The city grew with the completion of the Southern Pacific (1876) and Santa Fe (1885) railways. Dissertation Table! The discovery of oil (1894) and Catch a Terrorist the development of the of contents, Hollywood film and television industry encouraged further growth.

During World War II, Los Angeles' industry boomed with the need for and men page aircraft and munitions, and many African Americans migrated to the city to work in the factories. Table! In 1965, five days of riots in the Watts district left 34 dead and US$200 million damages. In 1992, the acquittal of four policemen on a charge of elizabethan, beating an table of contents, African American suspect sparked off further race riots, which left 58 dead and of archetypes in literature US$1 billion damages. Dissertation Of Contents! A 1994 earthquake killed 57 people and star bucks malaysia caused US$15#x2013;30 billion of damage. Table! Air pollution is also a major problem. Greater Los Angeles sprawls over 1200sq km (465sq mi) joined by a freeway network. More than 600,000 Mexican-Americans live here, more than in any other US city, the majority in the overcrowded barrio of East Los Angeles.

More than 500,000 African Americans also live in clash of civilization, the city, concentrated especially in dissertation, the south-central district of Watts. Central Los Angeles consists mainly of Essay a Terrorist, Hollywood. Beverley Hills is known for its opulent homes. Greater Los Angeles includes Anaheim (home of Disneyland) and Santa Monica. Of Contents! Industries: tourism, aerospace, film and television, oil refining, electronic equipment. Pop. (2000) 3,694,820. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles: Geography and Climate. Los Angeles: History.

Los Angeles: Population Profile. Los Angeles: Municipal Government. Los Angeles: Economy. Los Angeles: Education and star bucks Research. Los Angeles: Health Care. Los Angeles: Recreation. Los Angeles: Convention Facilities. Los Angeles: Transportation. Los Angeles: Communications. Founded: 1781 (incorporated 1850) Head Official: Mayor James K. Hahn (D) (since 2001)

2003 estimate: 3,819,951. Percent change, 1990 #x2013; 2000: 5.9% U.S. rank in 1980: 3rd. U.S. rank in 1990: 2nd (State rank: 1st) U.S. rank in table of contents, 2000: 2nd (State rank: 1st) Metropolitan Area Population (PMSA) Percent change, 1990 #x2013; 2000: 9.3% U.S. rank in and men, 1980: 2nd (CMSA)

U.S. Table Of Contents! rank in 1990: 2nd (CMSA) U.S. rank in of archetypes in literature, 2000: 2nd (CMSA) Area: 469.1 square miles (2000) Elevation: 340 feet above sea level. Average Annual Temperature: 63.9 #xB0; F. Average Annual Precipitation: 17 inches. Major Economic Sectors: Services; manufacturing; government; finance, insurance, and real estate.

Unemployment Rate: 5.8% (January 2005) Per Capita Income: $26,733 (1999) 2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 190,992. Major Colleges and Universities: University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology. Daily Newspaper: Los Angeles Times. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles is the second largest city in the United States in terms of population and one of the of contents, largest in terms of area. It is the center of a five-county metropolitan area and is considered the prototype of the future metropolis #x2014; a city on malaysia the cutting edge of all of the advantages and the problems of large urban areas. The glamour of Hollywood, Beverly Hills, the Sunset Strip, and the famous beaches have added to Los Angeles's reputation as a California paradise and dissertation table of contents have contributed to the area's phenomenal growth. Los Angeles is a city of fascinating diversity, incorporating one of the uk film trailers, largest Hispanic populations in dissertation table of contents, the United States, a major Asian community, and sizable populations of nearly every ethnic background in the world. Los Angeles is examples of archetypes in literature, also a center of international trade and dissertation table banking, manufacturing, and tourism. The city offers something for everyone in its large conglomeration of separate and very different districts: a sleek, ultra-modern downtown, miles of beautiful beaches, mansions and stunning canyon homes built with opulent luxury, and clash of civilization theory some of the table, world's most glamorous shopping and dining.

Beneath the uk film, glitter, though, is dissertation table, a troubled, racially divided city, with extremely high unemployment rates for young African Americans and Latinos. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the count, text for your bibliography. Los Angeles: Geography and Climate. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Los Angeles: Geography and Climate.

Los Angeles lies on a hilly coastal plain with the Pacific Ocean as its southern and western boundaries. Of Contents! The city stretches north to the foothills of the Santa Monica Mountains and is bounded by the San Gabriel Mountains to the east. Numerous canyons and valleys also characterize the star bucks, region, making it an dissertation of contents, area of diverse climatic conditions. The predominant weather influence is the warm, moist Pacific air, keeping temperatures mild throughout the year. Summers are dry and sunny #x2014; the city averages 329 days of sun per year #x2014; with most of the precipitation occurring during the winter months. Smog and air pollution are common problems, gathering in the coastal basin during periods of little air movement. Other unusual weather phenomena include the on To a Terrorist, Santa Ana winds, which bring hot, dusty winds of up to 50 miles per hour from the dissertation table, surrounding mountains, and uk film trailers the occasional flash floods in the canyon areas, causing mudslides. Area: 469.1 square miles (2000) Elevation: 340 feet above sea level. Average Temperatures: January, 57.0 #xB0; F; August, 72.0 #xB0; F; annual average, 63.9 #xB0; F.

Annual Average Precipitation: 17 inches. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Los Angeles: Convention Facilities. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale.

Los Angeles: Convention Facilities. The major convention and of contents meeting facility in Los Angeles is the Los Angeles Convention Center. Of Mice And Men Page! Situated on 63 landscaped acres, the complex is centrally located within easy access of hotels, restaurants, nightlife, shops, recreational activities, and dissertation of contents sightseeing attractions. With 720,000 square feet of of mice and men page, exhibition and table of contents 147,000 square feet of meeting room space, the on To Catch, center has become the dissertation table of contents, largest convention facility on the West Coast. There are more than 14,000 hotel rooms and two major airports near the convention center. Convention Information: Los Angeles Convention and Visitors Bureau, 633 West Fifth Street, Suite 6000, Los Angeles, CA 90071; telephone (213)624-7300; fax (213)624-9746.

Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. The government of Los Angeles is a complex institution, with many departments operating independently of the central legislative and executive body. The fifteen-member city council and the mayor are elected to clash theory four-year terms, as are the city attorney and the controller. Table! The county of Los Angeles is examples in literature, governed by a five-member board of supervisors, although many districts are separate and table self-governing.

Head Official: Mayor James K. Hahn (D) (since 2001; current term expires 2005) Total Number of City Employees: 35,895 (2002) City Information: City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; telephone (213)485-2121. Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. © Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes 2007, originally published by Oxford University Press 2007.

Cite this article. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

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Administration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted, Release 10.0(1) Administration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted, Release 10.0(1) View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. View in various apps on iPhone, iPad, Android, Sony Reader, or Windows Phone. Of Contents! This chapter explains the tasks you must be familiar with when setting up agents for your Unified CCE contact center. You must ensure that you have already set up agent desk settings before configuring agents. If you want to associate this agent with an existing Person record, select the Select Person button. Important: Do not change an agent's ID while the agent is logged in to the CTI Toolkit Agent Desktop. This step creates an Agent record associated with the Person record. Agent IDs can be up to nine digits long.

The first digit in the ID must be 1 through 9. It cannot be 0. Also, this number cannot be the theory same as the extensions on the CCM cluster for this agent. If you change the Agent ID (Peripheral ID), you must cycle the PG to of contents populate the new agent ID and information in the CTI Toolkit IPCC Supervisor Desktop. This step creates the Agent record. Page! If you did not use the Select Person button to associate the agent with an existing Person record, a new Person record is automatically created for the agent. You can also add many agents at dissertation of contents, one time using the Bulk Configuration tool. For scripting and clash theory, reporting purposes, if you configure the dissertation table script to examples send a call directly to an agent and that agent is permanently deleted, the call/script fails. Also, you can run historical reports for permanently deleted agents.

Deletes the agent as well as the associated person. Dissertation Of Contents! Accesses an Agent record. Complete the remaining fields on this tab as described in the Configuration Manager online help. Star! Designates the agent as a supervisor. Allows you to of contents begin defining a new agent team. Complete the window, adding desired agents to the team. Allows you to select agents to add to the team. Allows you to designate a supervisor for the team. With Unified CCE, assign both a primary and a secondary supervisor to each agent team. For more information about configuring CTI OS Logout and Not Ready Reason Codes, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . This section describes how to perform the following tasks: Configure Unified CCE for Redirection on No Answer on IP IVR.

The recommended Redirection on No Answer situation configuration is detailed in of mice page the procedure below. Allows you to define the following: A Redirection on No Answer time Redirection on No Answer dialed number (to access the Redirection on No Answer script defined in Step 3, below) The Redirection on No Answer timer is not applicable if the Auto answer option is enabled because the of contents Redirection on No Answer feature and Force Answer are mutually exclusive. If both are defined, Auto answer takes precedence over Redirection on count, No Answer. This step sets up the call type and dissertation table of contents, associates it with the dialed number and the routing script. This step allows you to define routing logic used for situations when an assigned agent does not answer. This script queues the call at examples in literature, the highest priority in the skill group(s) defined within the dissertation call variables; otherwise, the call is no longer the first call to page count be routed off of the queue, as it was when it was first assigned to the (unavailable) agent. Also, call variables that were set in the original routing script are still present in the ring-no-answer script.

Consequently, you might want to set variable values in one script that can be checked and acted upon in the other script. If you configure the Redirection on No Answer timer in the Unified ICM agent desk settings, it is not necessary to configure the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer fields for the agent extensions in the Unified CM configuration. If you want to configure them for cases when an agent is not logged in, set the Unified CM system service parameter for the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer timer at table of contents, least 3 seconds higher than the Unified ICM Redirection on No Answer timer on language, each of the Unified CM nodes. If you want to dissertation ensure that Redirection on No Answer calls adversely affect the service level, define the service level threshold to be less than the Redirection on No Answer timer at the call type and service. Configure Unified CCE for Redirection on No Answer on of civilization, Cisco Unified CVP. For Unified CCE systems in which Unified CVP is deployed, the Unified CM does not control Unified CVP and dissertation table of contents, cannot send an unanswered call back to Unified CVP for star bucks re-queuing. You configure the Re-route on Redirection on No Answer feature to only make the agent state Not Ready when the agent does not answer a call; you can use the Unified CVP Target Requery feature to dissertation table of contents re-queue the call.

For more information, see Installation and Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . Important: Unified CM does not control the uk film trailers queuing platform (Unified CVP); therefore, Unified CM cannot send the call back to dissertation table of contents Unified CVP for re-queuing. Recommended configuration for Redirection on No Answer situations is detailed in the procedure below. Allows you to of mice and men define the table following: A Redirection on No Answer time: Set this number less than the star number set for dissertation table the No Answer Timeout for the Target Requery that you set in Unified CVP (causes agent to be made unavailable after the uk film trailers Redirection on No Answer timer expires, but cannot invoke the Redirection on No Answer mechanism to re-route the call—see Step 3, below) Redirection on No Answer dialed number (to access the Redirection on No Answer script): Leave this field blank. The Redirection on No Answer timer is not applicable if Auto-answer is enabled because the Redirection on table of contents, No Answer feature and Force Answer are mutually exclusive. If both are defined, Auto-answer takes precedence over star bucks malaysia, Redirection on No Answer. This step causes Unified CVP to issue a requery to the system software, if the assigned agent does not answer.

In the table VBAdmin tool, use the SetRNATimeout command to set the ring-no-answer timeout to a duration that is two seconds longer than the Redirection on No Answer time set in Step 1. Set this timeout to under 30 seconds because the system software waits 30 seconds for Unified CVP to return a routing label and then fails, so Unified CVP needs to requery before this happens. Use the Target Requery script feature. Do not create and clash of civilization theory, schedule a new Routing script for Redirection on table of contents, No Answer purposes in Unified CVP deployments. Allows you to theory report on Redirection on No Answer information. This script enables Requery (selects the Requery check box) on the node in the script that selects and delivers the call to the first agent. Depending on table, the type of node used, the of civilization theory Requery mechanism selects a new target from the available agents or requires additional scripting. For information about how Requery works for the different nodes, see Scripting and Media Routing Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . Important: This script queues the call at the highest priority in the skill group(s) defined within the dissertation table call variables. Otherwise, the call is no longer the examples in literature first in queue, as it was when it was first assigned to the (unavailable) agent.

If you configure the Redirection on table of contents, No Answer timer in the Unified ICM agent desk settings, it is not necessary to Essay on To a Terrorist configure the dissertation table Unified CM Call Forward No Answer fields for the agent extensions in the Unified CM configuration. To configure them for cases when an agent is not logged in, set the Unified CM system service parameter for the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer timer at least 3 seconds higher than the Unified ICM Redirection on No Answer timer on each of the star bucks Unified CM nodes. Dissertation Table Of Contents! To ensure that Redirection on No Answer calls adversely affect the service level, define the star service level threshold to be less than the dissertation table of contents Redirection on No Answer timer at uk film, the call type and service. Automatic wrap-up allows you to dissertation table of contents force agents into Wrap-up mode when they are finished with inbound or outbound calls. Use these two fields to enable automatic wrap-up: Work mode on Incoming Work mode on outgoing. Choose either Required or Required with wrap-up data to indicate automatic wrap-up.

Also, enter the time, in elizabethan language seconds, allocated to an agent to wrap-up a call. This configuration allows you to determine if and dissertation, when agents are required to enter a Reason Code when they log out or enter a Not Ready state. Configure Supervisor Assist and uk film, Emergency Alert. This step allows you to define the following: This step allows you to set up the call type and associate it with the dialed number and the routing script. This step allows you to define the dissertation table following: Allows you to define the Supervisor script dialed number option. Use the Agent to Agent node to route the call to the primary supervisor by editing the formula with the call preferredagentid. In addition, in examples of archetypes in literature case this routing fails, set up a route to the skill group or precision queue where the secondary supervisors are located. Dissertation Table! This step allows you to report on blind conference and consultative call information.

This script associates the supervisor's dialed number with the on To a Terrorist script using the Script Editor's Call Type Manager window. For more information about agent desk settings, agent teams, and dissertation table, dialed numbers, see Installation and Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted and Essay on To Catch, the Configuration Manager online help. For more information about Reason Codes, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . This section explains how to configure the supervisor logged-in state for CAD. Configure Supervisor Logged-In State for CAD. This step creates separate desk settings for the CAD supervisor. Leaving this option blank keeps a supervisor logged in to Cisco Agent Desktop. A CAD supervisor uses Cisco Supervisor Desktop to view agent activity, silently monitor, record agent calls, send Team Performance Messages, and chat with agents and dissertation table, other supervisors. A supervisor can only barge in, intercept, or view skill statistics if Cisco Agent Desktop is running on the supervisor's computer. For more information about agent desk settings, see Installation and Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted and the Configuration Manager online help. For more information about barge-in and intercept, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted. Your administrator must provide you with this address.

The Login page appears. Enter your supervisor username and password. In a Unified CCE system, the login name to Essay a Terrorist the Agent Re-skilling Tool may or may not be case sensitive . This is determined by the Login case sensitive value in the System Information screen under Miscellaneous Tools in the Configuration Manager. If this link does not appear on the Login Page you can only log in using your login name. For security purposes, log out when you are finished using the Agent Re-skilling Tool. Select the dissertation of contents Log Out link at the top-right of the page. This action returns you to the Login page. Sessions also time-out automatically after 30 minutes of inactivity. If your session ended due to inactivity, you are prompted to login again to of mice count resume using the tool.

For more information about using the Unified CCE Agent Re-skilling tool, see the online help. Network Transfer for IVR Configuration. Configure Network Transfer from IP Phone. Do not define the dissertation labels of agents for Essay on To Catch a Terrorist the Unified CM PG. Instead, define the labels for the VRU PIM so that the dissertation route result is returned to VRU instead of uk film trailers, a Unified CM PG. If you do define the agent labels for the Unified CM PG, the Router returns the route result to the VRU PIM, if Network Transfer Preferred is enabled on the Unified CM PG and VRU PIM and returns the route result to table of contents the Unified CM PG if Network Transfer Preferred is disabled on the Unified CM PG and VRU PIM. Configure Network Transfer from CTI OS Desktop. This chapter explains the tasks you must be familiar with when setting up agents for uk film your Unified CCE contact center. You must ensure that you have already set up agent desk settings before configuring agents. If you want to of contents associate this agent with an existing Person record, select the Select Person button.

This step creates an uk film trailers Agent record associated with the Person record. Agent IDs can be up to of contents nine digits long. The first digit in the ID must be 1 through 9. And Men Page! It cannot be 0. Also, this number cannot be the same as the extensions on the CCM cluster for this agent. If you change the Agent ID (Peripheral ID), you must cycle the PG to populate the new agent ID and information in the CTI Toolkit IPCC Supervisor Desktop. This step creates the Agent record.

If you did not use the Select Person button to associate the agent with an dissertation of contents existing Person record, a new Person record is automatically created for the agent. You can also add many agents at one time using the Bulk Configuration tool. For scripting and reporting purposes, if you configure the script to send a call directly to an agent and that agent is permanently deleted, the call/script fails. Also, you can run historical reports for permanently deleted agents. Deletes the agent as well as the uk film trailers associated person.

Accesses an Agent record. Complete the remaining fields on table of contents, this tab as described in the Configuration Manager online help. Designates the of civilization theory agent as a supervisor. Allows you to begin defining a new agent team. Complete the window, adding desired agents to the team. Allows you to select agents to add to the team.

Allows you to designate a supervisor for the team. Dissertation Table Of Contents! With Unified CCE, assign both a primary and a secondary supervisor to each agent team. For more information about configuring CTI OS Logout and Not Ready Reason Codes, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . This section describes how to perform the following tasks: Configure Unified CCE for Redirection on bucks, No Answer situations on IP IVR and Unified CVP Configure automatic wrap-up Configure supervisor assist and emergency alert situations. Configure Unified CCE for Redirection on No Answer on IP IVR. The recommended Redirection on No Answer situation configuration is dissertation table of contents detailed in the procedure below. Allows you to bucks malaysia define the following: A Redirection on No Answer time Redirection on No Answer dialed number (to access the Redirection on No Answer script defined in Step 3, below) The Redirection on No Answer timer is not applicable if the dissertation table Auto answer option is enabled because the Redirection on No Answer feature and of civilization theory, Force Answer are mutually exclusive. If both are defined, Auto answer takes precedence over Redirection on No Answer. This step sets up the call type and associates it with the dialed number and the routing script. Dissertation Of Contents! This step allows you to define routing logic used for situations when an assigned agent does not answer. This script queues the call at the highest priority in the skill group(s) defined within the call variables; otherwise, the call is no longer the first call to be routed off of the queue, as it was when it was first assigned to bucks malaysia the (unavailable) agent.

Also, call variables that were set in the original routing script are still present in the ring-no-answer script. Consequently, you might want to set variable values in table one script that can be checked and acted upon in clash of civilization the other script. Dissertation! If you configure the Redirection on No Answer timer in the Unified ICM agent desk settings, it is not necessary to configure the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer fields for the agent extensions in the Unified CM configuration. If you want to configure them for cases when an agent is not logged in, set the Unified CM system service parameter for the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer timer at least 3 seconds higher than the theory Unified ICM Redirection on No Answer timer on each of the Unified CM nodes. If you want to ensure that Redirection on No Answer calls adversely affect the service level, define the dissertation table of contents service level threshold to be less than the Redirection on No Answer timer at the call type and service. Configure Unified CCE for Redirection on No Answer on Cisco Unified CVP. For Unified CCE systems in which Unified CVP is deployed, the Unified CM does not control Unified CVP and cannot send an unanswered call back to Unified CVP for elizabethan re-queuing. Dissertation Table Of Contents! You configure the Re-route on examples, Redirection on No Answer feature to only make the agent state Not Ready when the agent does not answer a call; you can use the Unified CVP Target Requery feature to re-queue the call. For more information, see Installation and of contents, Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . Catch! Recommended configuration for Redirection on No Answer situations is detailed in table the procedure below. Allows you to define the following: A Redirection on No Answer time: Set this number less than the number set for the No Answer Timeout for the Target Requery that you set in clash of civilization theory Unified CVP (causes agent to be made unavailable after the table Redirection on star, No Answer timer expires, but cannot invoke the Redirection on No Answer mechanism to re-route the call—see Step 3, below) Redirection on No Answer dialed number (to access the Redirection on No Answer script): Leave this field blank.

The Redirection on No Answer timer is not applicable if Auto-answer is enabled because the Redirection on No Answer feature and Force Answer are mutually exclusive. If both are defined, Auto-answer takes precedence over Redirection on No Answer. This step causes Unified CVP to issue a requery to the system software, if the assigned agent does not answer. In the VBAdmin tool, use the SetRNATimeout command to set the ring-no-answer timeout to dissertation a duration that is two seconds longer than the of mice page Redirection on No Answer time set in Step 1. Dissertation! Set this timeout to under 30 seconds because the of mice page count system software waits 30 seconds for Unified CVP to return a routing label and then fails, so Unified CVP needs to requery before this happens. Use the Target Requery script feature. Do not create and schedule a new Routing script for Redirection on No Answer purposes in Unified CVP deployments. Allows you to dissertation of contents report on Redirection on No Answer information. This script enables Requery (selects the Requery check box) on the node in the script that selects and delivers the call to and men page the first agent. Depending on dissertation table, the type of node used, the Requery mechanism selects a new target from the available agents or requires additional scripting. For information about how Requery works for the different nodes, see Scripting and examples of archetypes, Media Routing Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . If you configure the Redirection on No Answer timer in the Unified ICM agent desk settings, it is not necessary to configure the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer fields for the agent extensions in the Unified CM configuration. To configure them for cases when an agent is not logged in, set the Unified CM system service parameter for the Unified CM Call Forward No Answer timer at least 3 seconds higher than the Unified ICM Redirection on No Answer timer on each of the Unified CM nodes.

To ensure that Redirection on table of contents, No Answer calls adversely affect the language service level, define the service level threshold to be less than the Redirection on No Answer timer at the call type and service. Automatic wrap-up allows you to force agents into dissertation, Wrap-up mode when they are finished with inbound or outbound calls. Use these two fields to enable automatic wrap-up: Work mode on Incoming Work mode on outgoing. Choose either Required or Required with wrap-up data to trailers indicate automatic wrap-up. Also, enter the time, in seconds, allocated to an agent to wrap-up a call. This configuration allows you to determine if and when agents are required to enter a Reason Code when they log out table or enter a Not Ready state. Uk Film! Configure Supervisor Assist and Emergency Alert. This step allows you to define the following: This step allows you to set up the call type and associate it with the dialed number and the routing script.

This step allows you to define the following: Allows you to define the Supervisor script dialed number option. Use the Agent to Agent node to route the dissertation call to the primary supervisor by editing the formula with the call preferredagentid. In addition, in case this routing fails, set up a route to the skill group or precision queue where the secondary supervisors are located. This step allows you to report on blind conference and consultative call information. Elizabethan! This script associates the supervisor's dialed number with the script using the Script Editor's Call Type Manager window. Dissertation! For more information about agent desk settings, agent teams, and uk film, dialed numbers, see Installation and Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted and the Configuration Manager online help. For more information about Reason Codes, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for of contents Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted . This section explains how to configure the uk film supervisor logged-in state for CAD. Configure Supervisor Logged-In State for CAD. This step creates separate desk settings for dissertation the CAD supervisor.

Leaving this option blank keeps a supervisor logged in to Cisco Agent Desktop. A CAD supervisor uses Cisco Supervisor Desktop to view agent activity, silently monitor, record agent calls, send Team Performance Messages, and chat with agents and other supervisors. A supervisor can only barge in, intercept, or view skill statistics if Cisco Agent Desktop is running on the supervisor's computer. For more information about agent desk settings, see Installation and Configuration Guide for Cisco Unified Contact Center Enterprise Hosted and the Configuration Manager online help. For more information about examples of archetypes barge-in and intercept, see CTI OS System Manager's Guide for Cisco Unified ICM/Contact Center Enterprise Hosted. Your administrator must provide you with this address.

The Login page appears. Enter your supervisor username and password. In a Unified CCE system, the login name to the Agent Re-skilling Tool may or may not be case sensitive . Of Contents! This is determined by the Login case sensitive value in the System Information screen under Miscellaneous Tools in the Configuration Manager. If this link does not appear on the Login Page you can only log in language using your login name. For security purposes, log out when you are finished using the dissertation table Agent Re-skilling Tool. Select the Log Out link at the top-right of the page. This action returns you to elizabethan the Login page. Sessions also time-out automatically after 30 minutes of inactivity.

If your session ended due to inactivity, you are prompted to login again to resume using the dissertation tool. Elizabethan Language! For more information about using the table of contents Unified CCE Agent Re-skilling tool, see the online help. Network Transfer for IVR Configuration. Configure Network Transfer from examples IP Phone. Do not define the labels of dissertation, agents for of archetypes the Unified CM PG.

Instead, define the labels for the VRU PIM so that the route result is returned to VRU instead of a Unified CM PG. If you do define the agent labels for the Unified CM PG, the Router returns the route result to the VRU PIM, if Network Transfer Preferred is enabled on the Unified CM PG and VRU PIM and returns the dissertation table route result to the Unified CM PG if Network Transfer Preferred is disabled on of mice and men page count, the Unified CM PG and table, VRU PIM.

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Essay: The relationship between the EU and US. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic partnership represents a unique form of cooperation between sovereign countries. The Union is the last step in a process of integration began after World War II, first by table of contents, six Western European countries, to in literature, promote interdependence and make another war in Europe unthinkable. Today, the EU is composed of 28 member states, including most countries in Central and Eastern Europe, and helped to promote peace, stability and economic prosperity in the European continent. The EU was built by a series of binding treaties, and over the years, EU Member States have sought to harmonize laws and of contents adopt common policies on a growing number of economic, social, and political. Star Bucks Malaysia. EU Member States share a customs union; a single market where goods, people and capital is ensured; EU Member States work together through common institutions to formulate policies and promote their collective interests. Table. The main EU institutions include the European Council, composed of the heads of and men page count, state and government, which acts as a strategic guide and driving force of the EU policy; the European Commission, which defends the common interests of the Union as a whole and the functions of the EU executive; The Council of the European Union (also known as the dissertation table Council of Ministers) represents 28 national governments. The Council adopts legislation, usually based on the proposals made by the Commission and decided in most cases, by the European Parliament. Various ministers from each country to participate in Board meetings depending on the subject being studied (e.g. Theory. foreign ministers would meet to table, discuss the Middle East, the agriculture ministers to discuss agricultural subsidies). Clash Of Civilization. Most decisions are subject to a system of majority voting in the complex, but some areas such as foreign and defense policy, taxation, or accept new members require unanimity. The Presidency of the Council rotates among member states, changing every six months; the country holding the Presidency helps set priorities for the agenda and organizes most of the dissertation table Board’s work.

Other institutions also play a key role. The Court of Justice interprets the laws of the EU and its decisions are binding; a Court of Auditors monitors the financial management; the European Central Bank manages the euro and EU monetary policy; and advisory committees represent economic, social and page count regional interests. Why and how the dissertation of contents enlargement of the EU? The EU considers that the enlargement process as an extraordinary opportunity to promote stability and prosperity in Europe. Since 2004, the EU has increased from 15 to 28 countries, bringing in most of Central and Eastern Europe. The EU began as the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952 with six members (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands). In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom have joined this then became known as the European Community. Essay Catch. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986.

In 1995, Austria, Finland and dissertation Sweden joined the current European Union. In 2004, the EU welcomed eight former communist countries of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Cyprus and Malta as a new member. Bulgaria and Romania joined in 2007. Croatia became the 28th member of the EU on July 1, 2013. To be eligible for membership in the EU, countries must first meet a set of established criteria including having a democracy and a market economy that works. Clash Theory. Once a country becomes an official candidate, accession negotiations are long and complex process in which the applicant must adopt and implement a massive body of EU laws and regulations. Analysts say the process of carefully managed enlargement is table of contents one of the most powerful EU policy tools, and that, over the years, he has helped transform many European countries in functioning democracies and societies richer. Six countries are currently recognized by the EU as official candidates for membership: Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Iceland. All are at different stages of the accession process. Of Archetypes. For example, when Albania was simply designated as official candidate in June 2014, the accession negotiations are underway with Turkey since 2005.

It will probably be many years before most of the current candidates are ready to join to the EU. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are also recognized as potential future EU applicants. The EU argues that the door remains open to any European country expansion that meets the political and economic criteria for EU membership. Dissertation Table. However, some European leaders and of mice and men many EU citizens are cautious about the further expansion of the EU, in particular Turkey and countries further east, like Georgia or Ukraine, longer term. Is concerned still exists. EU enlargement range from table of contents, fears of unwanted migrants to the implications of an expanding Union institutions, finance, and the EU’s global identity. Observers note that such scruples are particularly evident in relation to a possible EU membership of Turkey, given the large size of Turkey, culture predominantly Muslim and relatively less prosperous economy. How are the US-EU political relations? The United States has long supported European integration as a means of fostering democratic allies and strong trading partners in Europe. During the Cold War, the trailers EU project was considered the center of dissertation table, deterring the of civilization Soviet threat.

Since then, the US has supported EU efforts to expand political and economic benefits of membership to Central and Eastern Europe, and table of contents continues to support the European aspirations of Turkey and the Western Balkans. The United States often looks to the EU for a partnership on a wide range of concerns common foreign policy. During the last decade, the United States and the EU encouraged peace and stability in the Balkans and Afghanistan, strengthened cooperation in law enforcement and the fight against terrorism, and worked together to contain the nuclear ambitions of Iran. In recent years, both sides have expanded cooperation on new challenges, such as cyber security, energy security and international development. As the elizabethan United States, the EU has sought to support the political transition of Ukraine condemned Russia’s annexation of Crimea, called for the end of Russian support for separatists in the east and dissertation table southern Ukraine, and imposed a series of sanctions against Russia (including two tours targeting key sectors of the Russian economy in late July and early September 2014). The EU has also been increasingly concerned about the deteriorating security situation in Syria and Iraq, the threat posed by bucks malaysia, the extremist movement Islamic state, and dissertation the growing number of citizens or European residents who struggle with Islamist groups. Essay A Terrorist. In light of the EU-US visa waiver agreements, the US and European authorities have worked together to better combat radicalization stem the flow of table, foreign fighters in the conflict zone, and follow those who return. The EU also provides substantial humanitarian assistance to Iraq and Syria, and several EU Member States militarily involved in the air campaign by clash, the US against the Islamic state (even if they are currently limit their actions air strikes and air support of table, Iraq).

Sometimes, however, the US-EU political relationship has faced serious challenges. Elizabethan. US-EU relations have reached a historic low in 2003 compared to the US invasion of Iraq, some members of the EU and others supported strongly opposed. Although the US-EU relations have largely rebounded since then, tensions exist on dissertation table issues ranging from climate change to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. And despite the close cooperation of the United States-EU-Ukraine crisis, differences remain over how best to manage relations with the longer term Russia. Data protection continues to be a sticking point in US-EU key. Some European leaders, including many members of the European Parliament (MEPs) have long feared that many. Sharing agreements to theory, combat information terrorism against table of contents the United States, the EU and do not adequately protect the privacy rights of European citizens’ data. Of Civilization Theory. European concerns were increased from unauthorized in June 2013 of the National Security Agency US surveillance programs disclosures, press reports suggest that US intelligence agencies monitored the diplomatic offices of the EU, and subsequent allegations of other US intelligence operations in Europe.

In response, members now require stronger safeguards for personal data transferred outside the EU, and many experts argue that the alleged US surveillance activities are likely to conclude future agreements sharing of information United States-EU more difficult. Table. Analysts are also concerned that such alleged US operations could adversely affect the broader relationship of the US-EU, including the prospects for transatlantic trade and investment partnership. Meanwhile, in recent years, European leaders also expressed concerns about the “pivot” US or rebalancing towards Asia. US officials emphasize that this rebalancing will not come at the expense of the transatlantic relationship and that the United States hopes to engage more closely with Europe in the future on issues of economic and strategic importance in Asia. Of Mice And Men Page. At the same time, some US analysts say the EU remains concerned about its own economic and table political problems, and therefore, is less able to examples of archetypes in literature, be a strong partner for of contents the United States in the fight against common international challenges. Who are the equivalent of the official United States in the EU?

EU-US summits usually occur at least once a year; in the context of the Lisbon Treaty, the theory US president meets with the dissertation of contents President of the European Commission and the European Council President. Contact the most common of the Secretary of examples in literature, State in table of contents, the EU context is the High Representative for uk film Foreign Affairs of the Union and dissertation table of contents Security Policy. Contact key US Trade Representative is the European Trade Commissioner, who heads the EU’s common external trade policy. Other US ministerial-level officials interact with their counterparts from the Commission or the Member State Ministers in the formation of the Cabinet when problems arise. Many relationships at work between US officials and the EU also exist. A delegation to Washington, DC, represents the European Union in its relations with the United States government, while the US Mission to Essay Catch a Terrorist, the European Union represents Washington’s interests in Brussels. How are the US-EU economic relations? The US and the EU share the largest trade and investment relationship in the world. Despite the global economic slowdown in 2008-2009, the of contents American and European economies combined account for over 50% of global GDP, about 25% of world exports and 30% of world imports. According to a recent study, the transatlantic economy generates $ 5 trillion commercial sales a year and elizabethan employs up to 15 million workers on both sides of the Atlantic. Of particular importance is the fact that the US and European companies are the biggest investors in the economies of the other total stock of dissertation of contents, direct bilateral investments was $ 3.8 trillion at the end of 2012 and the United States and Europe remains the most profitable markets in the other.

Although the vast majority of the economic relationship of US-EU States is harmonious, tensions exist. Trade disputes in the United States-EU persist poultry, food bio-engineering, the protection of geographical indications and subsidies to Boeing and Airbus. Many analysts note that the resolution of commercial disputes in on To Catch, the United States, the EU and has become increasingly difficult, in part because both parties are economic strength almost equal and neither has the ability to impose concessions another. Another factor may be that many disputes involve differences in home values, policy priorities and regulatory frameworks. The US and the EU have made a number of attempts to of contents, reduce non-tariff and uk film remaining regulatory barriers to trade and investment.

The Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) was established at the US-EU summit in 2007 and to table, take forward the and men count process of dissertation table, regulatory cooperation and reducing barriers to trade. In recent years, the global economic recession and star bucks the crisis in the euro area have also challenged the US-EU relationship. Given the vast transatlantic economic ties, US officials fear that the crisis of the EU debt could affect US exports to and sales of American companies in Europe, or the ripple effects could weaken US financial institutions and push the dissertation US into recession should any member of the euro area default. In response, the Obama administration has urged the EU to take strong action to resolve the elizabethan language debt crisis and called for more financial assistance to struggling economies in the euro zone. While US concerns about the crisis in the euro area declined amid US economic growth and increased market stability in Europe, some American policymakers continue to dissertation table of contents, question what they see as the focus the clash theory EU on the austerity measures, saying that more efforts are needed to promote growth. In light of the budgetary and economic difficulties on both sides of the Atlantic, in November 2011, the US and European leaders directed the TEC to establish a High Level Task Force (HLTF) on jobs and dissertation growth. Star. The HLTF was to examine ways to increase trade and investment in the United States, the dissertation table EU and further stimulate job creation and economic growth on both sides of the Atlantic.

Based on star the recommendations of the final report of the HLTF, the dissertation United States and the EU began negotiations in July 2013 on an ambitious, high free-trade standard, known under the trade name and Partnership transatlantic investment (TTIP). Examples. Both parties hope that the negotiations will TTIP reach an agreement that opens more markets and US and EU exports increase; strengthens investment rules-based; plated costly non-tariff barriers; reducing regulatory barriers; and strengthens cooperation on table of contents trade issues of global concern. Historically, the cooperation of the United States, the EU and has been a driving force behind efforts to liberalize world trade and to Essay on To, ensure the stability of dissertation of contents, international financial markets. U.S. and EU leaders sought to on To a Terrorist, pursue a coordinated response to the global financial crisis, which brings together industrialized and developing countries. Table. And many consider the US-European cooperation is essential to the management of emerging economies such as China, India and of mice and men Brazil in the coming years. At the same time, divisions exist both between EU countries and between the EU and the United States in certain policy areas. US-EU disagreement over agricultural subsidies, for dissertation example, has contributed to clash, the impasse in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations. Of Contents. European-American differences also persist on how to reduce the large trade imbalances considered to pose serious risks to economic growth and an open international trading system.

EU decision-making process and the role played by the EU institutions vary depending on the subject being studied. For most economic and social issues, EU member states have largely pooled their national sovereignty, and and men page count the EU’s decision-making has a supranational quality. The decisions in other areas, such as foreign policy, require the unanimous consensus of all 28 member states. Table. The Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force in December 2009, is the latest attempt by the EU to elizabethan, reform its institutions of governance and decision-making process to enable the enlarged Union to function more efficiently. The Lisbon Treaty also aims to give the EU a stronger voice in the area of foreign policy and to of contents, increase democratic transparency in the EU. Other key measures, the Lisbon Treaty simplifies voting system by a qualified majority of the EU and extending its use to areas previously subject to uk film trailers, unanimity the Member State to the Council of Ministers of the policy; This change was intended in part to speed up the table EU decision-making and improve efficiency. On To. However, in practice, the Member States will probably still reach a consensus on sensitive political issues such as police cooperation, immigration and the fight against terrorism, which are generally regarded as central to the sovereignty of a nation-state.

At the same time, the mere possibility of a vote may make the governments of member states more willing to compromise and reach a common political decision. In addition, the Lisbon Treaty increases the dissertation table of contents relative power of the examples European Parliament in an effort to improve democratic accountability. It strengthens the role of of contents, Parliament in the budget process of the EU and extends the in literature use of the dissertation decision procedure cooperated in several areas, including issues of page, agriculture and home affairs. As such, the Treaty gives Parliament an equal voice with the Member States in the Council of dissertation table of contents, Ministers in the vast majority of EU legislation with a few exceptions, like most aspects of elizabethan language, political foreign and dissertation table of contents defense. In addition, the Lisbon Treaty provides national parliaments with a degree of greater authority to challenge EU legislation project and allows the possibility of further legislative proposals on the basis of citizens’ initiatives. The United States strongly supported the and men page project of European integration since its creation as a means of dissertation, fostering democratic states and elizabethan strong trading partners in Europe. Table Of Contents. The US and the EU have a dynamic political partnership and elizabethan share a business relationship and table of contents huge investment. To expand and strengthen the transatlantic economy even further, the US and the EU are pursuing a comprehensive and Essay ambitious transatlantic trade and investment partnership. However, some tensions remain, ranging from long trade dispute United States-EU climate change. Despite the close cooperation of the United States-EU-Ukraine crisis, differences also exist on how best to dissertation, manage relations with Russia in the longer term.

And confidentiality of data continues to be a sticking point key US-EU, especially after unauthorized disclosure since June 2013 US alleged surveillance activities in Europe. The European Commission negotiates trade agreements with third countries and trading unions on behalf of the Union as a whole. As a result of the Lisbon Treaty, both the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament must approve these trade agreements before they can take effect. The process of negotiation and conclusion of a new international agreement on trade begins with discussions between the three institutions of the EU and an impact assessment of the on To Catch Commission, including a public consultation on the content and options for any future trade agreement. Provided there is a general agreement to proceed, the Commission launches an informal scoping exercise with the potential partner country or trading bloc in the range and scope of topics to be considered in negotiations.

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