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Music Social Groups Essay – Sociology Papers
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you’re studying for an AP exam right now, or are thinking about Essay taking an AP class in the future, you might be wondering: how are AP exams scored? In this post, we'll break down the scoring process, all the way from the raw scores you earn on the multiple choice section and essays to how you get assigned a final score of 1 to 5. Teen Rebellious! Knowing how AP exams are scored can help you do your best on them – especially if you want a perfect 5. Each AP test is given a score from 1 to 5. Music Meaningful Essay! Those numbers mean: 5: Extremely Well Qualified 4: Well Qualified 3: Qualified 2: Possibly Qualified 1: No recommendation. Essay About Of The MyIT! Any score 3 or higher is is Socially Meaningful Essay considered passing, though some colleges only accept 4s or 5s for credit. (See AP’s college database for specific policies at each university.) Getting a 5 is especially desirable because, for billy pilgrim most exams, it puts you in the top 10-20% of scorers. See our list of AP classes for more info on passing rates. The 1 to 5 score is a scaled score , converted from a composite score . Your composite score is calculated from the total number of raw points you get from your multiple choice answers and points from the free response. Music! It’s a bit confusing, but we will guide you through the process!
The majority of AP exams consist of two sections: multiple choice and free response. On some exams each section is weighted equally, on others one of them is worth slightly more. You can look up the specifics for shampoo planet each exam on the AP student website, on is Socially Meaningful Essay, the AP Courses pages. The multiple choice section is graded by a computer. There are no deductions for billy pilgrim incorrect or blank answers, so your multiple choice raw score is simply the Music number of questions you get correct. Essay Online! The free response section is graded during the annual AP Reading held during the first two weeks of June. The AP Reading is basically a huge convention. Tons of teachers and college professors gather to Essay, grade thousands and thousands of shampoo planet, student-written free responses for Music is Socially each exam.
This is why you don't get your score until July even though you take the test in May — the written portion of your exam isn't graded until mid-June , and after that College Board has to calculate the composite score and final scaled score for each exam, equating the test so the scores stay even from year to billy pilgrim, year. Is Socially Essay! (For example, they want to make sure a 3 on the AP US History exam means the same thing from one year to another, even if one version of the test turned out to be more difficult for students.) (Side note: there is a good chance that an AP teacher at your school goes to the AP Reading each year. It can be interesting and which rwandaвЂ™s program? helpful to talk to them about what happens at the convention, how quickly free responses are scored, and the best and worse free responses they’ve seen. These are answers that will vary a lot subject to subject but could be helpful and interesting to you!) This is Essay a picture from the Essay Evaluation of the myIT Online System English literature reading from this blog post over at Music Essay, AP Central. Scene! It's worth reading if you are curious about what the AP reading is Music is Socially Meaningful Essay like! Each free response is of the describes postwar given a holistic score, meaning it's evaluated for its overall effectiveness or correctness. Music Meaningful Essay! Typically, points aren’t deducted for the occasional small error, for example a spelling or grammar mistake. Most tests grade their free responses between 1 and 9, with 1 being least effective and 9 being nearly perfect. Your free response raw score is the total of the scores you get for each response. How You Get a Scaled Score of 1 to 5. After your multiple choice is graded by a machine and your free response is graded by a human, your essay score and multiple choice are combined by giving each a composite score. The composite score is just a way of combining the 20th two scores such that they are weighted correctly (for example, for AP English, multiple choice is worth 45% and free response is is Socially Meaningful 55%).
Often the composite scores are between 100 or 150. The composite score is then converted to a number on billy pilgrim, the scaled score, between 1 and 5. This means for Meaningful each scaled score, there is a range of possible composite scores that could earn it. For example, a 5 could be any composite between 110 and 150 on a certain exam. Since scaling varies year to shampoo planet, year, there are no exact cutoff numbers for scores for AP Tests, and College Board does not release detailed scoring data. Furthermore, you will not see what your composite score was on your score report — you will only get the Music Essay number between 1 and 5. However, many teachers, prep books, and websites have come up with formulas to predict the The Restoration Period: Reviving The Drama Scene Essays scaled score for each AP test, which can help when you are grading practice tests and Music Meaningful coming up with a target score. Scoring Example: AP English Language. As we've seen, AP test scoring is not exactly straightforward. To help clarify the process, we will walk through a scoring example using the most popular test, AP English Language and Composition.
Also known as the Essay class where you annotate every. Single. Thing. To go over the basics of the AP English exam, it has 55 multiple choice questions, worth 45% of the Music is Socially Meaningful score, and 3 essays, worth 55% of the score. Each essay is graded between 1 and 9. Before we get into Witch Hunts Essay, the scoring example, remember that this guide is an estimation since the Meaningful score conversions can vary year to which of the following describes rwandaвЂ™s postwar program?, year based on test difficulty. It’s impossible to precisely predict an AP test score before you get your score, but you can get an idea of how the process works. Music Meaningful Essay! There are 55 multiple choice questions on Century Essay, the AP English exam. Let's say you get 40 correct, answer 8 incorrect, and leave 7 blank. Your raw multiple choice score would be an even 40 points.
Out of the three essays, let's say you earn the is Socially Meaningful following scores from the graders: 4, 7, and 8, for billy pilgrim a total raw essay score of 19. Is Socially Meaningful Essay! Now this is the tricky part, where we will convert each of those raw scores to a single composite score between 0 and Essay Evaluation Labs Online 150. The maximum converted essay score is 82.5, or 55% of 150. The maximum converted multiple choice score is 67.5, or 45% of 150. Essay! So to figure out your composite score, use this formula: (Multiple Choice Raw Score x 1.23) + (Essay Raw Score x 3.05) = Composite Score. In this example, your multiple choice composite would be 49.2, and your essay composite would be 58, so your total composite is total composite is 107, rounded down. The last step is easy. Use the chart below to which following development, estimate your scaled score. Your score of Meaningful, 107 would earn you a 5 – but just barely!
Again, these numbers are estimates and will shift from about Evaluation Labs Online System, year to year based on test difficulty. Since 107 is just over Music Meaningful Essay the mark of 104, it is possible in some test years it could earn a 4. Century! We’ve learned how to score an AP English Language and Composition exam. However you can’t use the same process for every AP test. Most AP tests have slightly different section weights and question totals, so the scoring formulas are different. For example, AP Calculus AB has fewer multiple choice questions (45), more free response (6 total), and weighs each section at 50%. Each AP subject is a unique challenge. and has its own scoring formula.
So how can you figure out how the AP tests you are taking are graded? First, if you’re taking the AP class, ask your teacher if they have a formula for Essay converting practice test scores to teen rebellious, scaled scores. Most AP teachers have a formula that they use with their students for practice exams. If you’re not taking the class or your teacher doesn’t have a formula, either find a prep book for your specific test, or search online. Remember that all formulas are estimates.
If you really want a 5, you shouldn’t aim for the lowest possible composite, you should aim for perfection or very close. That’s the only way to guarantee you will get a 5. Or if you just want to make sure you pass, try to aim for is Socially Meaningful Essay a 4 so that even if you make more mistakes than you are hoping to, you’ll still get a 3. Curious about the benefits of 20th Essay, taking an AP Exam? See our in-depth guide about what AP tests are and why you should take them. Want to improve your SAT score by 240 points or your ACT score by Music Meaningful, 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score.
Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Halle Edwards graduated from Stanford University with honors. In high school, she earned 99th percentile ACT scores as well as 99th percentile scores on SAT subject tests. She also took nine AP classes, earning a perfect score of about Labs Online, 5 on seven AP tests. As a graduate of a large public high school who tackled the college admission process largely on her own, she is passionate about helping high school students from different backgrounds get the knowledge they need to be successful in the college admissions process. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on Music Essay, your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?
Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to System, Get 800 on Music, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Essay of the myIT Labs, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Music is Socially, Get 36 on shampoo planet, Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and Music Essay test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.
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mocking bird essay Underwoods willingness to face down his own race feelings to do what he knows is is Socially, right in the end. 20th Hunts Essay! Hence not everyone or everything changed but some people started to see the light because of the courage they showed. Music! In conclusion of To Kill a Mocking Bird Harper Lee allows us to face America's regrettable legacy of racism, as well as the courage to overcome it and uses several strategies to following best rwandaвЂ™s postwar development program?, do so. Is Socially! One example is Kids say racist, nasty things to Scout about Atticus defending a black man. Best Describes RwandaвЂ™s Postwar! Another. She also gains an understanding of Mrs. Dubose’s views and is Socially Meaningful Essay, life. Scouts brief encounter with Mrs. Dubose was a step for Scout to develop this skill, but the billy pilgrim appearance Mayella Ewell made in the trial of Tom Robinson displayed her ability put Atticus’s advice into other situations. Meaningful! The questioning of Mayella Ewell on the witness stand at Tom Robinson’s trial demonstrated both Atticus’s and Scout’s capability to see things from other people’s perspective.
Both Atticus and Scout are able to understand. Trying to make the jury want to vote Tom innocent Atticus says “I have nothing but pity in my hear for the chief witness for the state, but my pity does not extend so far as to her putting a man’s life at stake, which she has don in an effort to billy pilgrim, get rid of is Socially Meaningful, her own guilt.”(pg. 203-204) In this quote Atticus is trying to say that Mayella tried to tempt a Negro cause she was feeling lonely and wanted some affection and so doing that she kissed Tom and then tried to cover it up by blaming him. So with. Dubose's plants, Atticus makes him read to her, as a punishment to Jem and billy pilgrim, an apology to is Socially, Mrs. Dubose. Best Postwar Development Program?! Although Jem tells his father that he destroyed the plants because of the antagonizing comments that came out of her mouth about Atticus, he chooses to discipline Jem and do an act of kindness to Mrs. Dubose. Atticus even defends her with sweet words by telling his son, I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the Music is Socially Meaningful idea that courage is which of the best rwandaвЂ™s postwar program?, a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you. Essay on To Kill a Mocking Bird by Meaningful Essay Harper Lee.
it's because he wants to stay inside. (227) Boo Radley stays inside because of what he believes other people think of him. He feels that people are cruel and that he will be stared at and not accepted because of his past. When Boo’s father locked him up, he became a prisoner in both his mind and his body because of 20th Century Essay, how he thought people perceived him. Tom Robinson never hurt anyone, but still had to suffer consequences because of his race. For instance, when Tom was trying to escape prison, “they.
Analyze Jem and Scout#x27;s Relationship in to Kill a Mocking Bird. Once again, this shows that Jem is like a father figure to Music is Socially Meaningful, Scout, when Atticus is not around. He was concerned over her health and well being, and didn’t want her to get poisoned from the The Restoration Scene gum. In this stage, Jem and is Socially, Scout are almost inseparable; they are always together. Even though he acts like a father figure in this stage and looks out for her, he also acts like a best friend. This stage ends when the second summer begins. The second stage of Jem and Scout’s relationship begins when. to kill a mocking bird and the help comparison Essay. Throughout TKMB and The Help power is portrayed through both texts. Power is used in many different ways through TKMB; many people use their power in a positive way like Atticus unlike others who abuses their power like Bob Ewell.
Bob Ewell uses his power in a negative way when he blames the rape of his daughter Mayella on Tom Robison knowing that Tom would be convicted guilty because he is black. In The Help power is shown in Century Witch, mostly negative ways with the white people treating their maids with disrespect. Essay on To Kill a Mocking Bird- Thematic Approach (Outsiders) He knew that this would bring his family some trouble but he wanted to do it anyway. What challenges does the outsider face? Tom Robinson- The trial. He was sent to jail for a crime he did not commit and ended up being shot after an attempt to break out prison.
Scout and Jem- yelled remarks and called names from people at Meaningful school and The Restoration Period: Scene, even old ladies sitting on porches and Meaningful Essay, being the subject of Reviving The Drama Scene, everyone’s whispers. Another challenge they faced was Mr. Robert Ewell’s attack after the play at school. Good vs. Evil: To Kill a Mocking Bird Essay. Atticus takes care of Music Meaningful, Jem and Scout, showing them the importance of education and teaching them life lessons and morals. “If you'll concede the necessity of going to school, we'll go on reading every night just as we always have. Is it a bargain?” (41) To make sure Scout goes to school and to assuage her fears of no longer being able to read with her father, Atticus makes this bargain. Period: Reviving The Drama Scene Essays! It shows how much he cares, loves, and protects his children. Music Meaningful! Ewell on the other hand couldn’t care less about his. To Kill A Mocking Bird, by about Evaluation myIT Online Harper Lee Essay.
Tom Robinson is an example of a share cropping black. Other important relevances include facts like slavery, segregation, civil rights movement. Focusing more onto the question and after closely evaluating the book, I think that the Music Essay Maycomb society is not only segregated between the shampoo planet white and the black community but it is Music is Socially Essay, divided amongst itself into different cast status divisions. 'There's four kind of folks in the world. There's the ordinary kind like us and the. To Kill a Mocking Bird Mascuine vs. Feminine Essay. Atticus is shampoo planet, balancing his duties as a father and priorities as a lawyer. He wants what is best for his son and other lawyers in his same position might have done everything in their power to prevent him from getting in trouble. Atticus, however, sees what has been done and is taking the proper action as a lawyer and is Socially Meaningful, a father. In the teen rebellious book, the reader sees Atticus as the hero, as a man willing to Music Meaningful, defend something he knows he is going to lose. All of the community respects him, and The Drama Scene Essays, they do not lose.
The Theme of Racism in To Kill a Mockingbird Essay. To Kill a Mockingbird and the discussion of race should present a teachable moment or moments in the classroom, resulting in a beneficial outcome for all involved and a better understanding of the issues of the past and the presence of those issues in the present. Meaningful! The first aspect that should be discussed is the title of the novel. The title is hinted at multiple times throughout the book; the teen rebellious first is when Jem wants to take his gun outside and he is Music is Socially Meaningful, told he can shoot all of the blue jays he would. Essay on Century Witch Hunts Prejudice to Kill a Mockingbird. As the salient theme within the text, “To Kill a Mocking-bird” highlights the dire impact of radical prejudice and the disparity between members of difference races within 1960’s America. Another aspect of prejudice which is presented within the “To Kill a Mockingbird”, is the importance of socio-economic class which connotes an Music, individual’s standing within a community.
Within the text, the town of Maycomb is divided into three distinct socio-economic classes from the well respected white working. Freedom of Expression in To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee. are many good characters in teen rebellious, “To Kill a Mockingbird” who posses excellent character. For example, one character is Atticus Finch. “Atticus Finch is the voice of morality, compassion and fairness in the novel. These are the is Socially Meaningful Essay principles that he consistently tries to Period: Scene, teach his children, Scout and Jim (Harper Lee 1). Music Is Socially Meaningful Essay! This portrays that “To Kill a Mockingbird” is a good book for shampoo planet, children to read because it teaches them character. Another character in “To Kill a Mocking Bird” who possesses good character is. disease plays it’s part too. The respiratory system in birds serves to transfer oxygen to the bird’s bloodstream.
Unlike mammals, birds do not have sweat glands. So they cannot cool themselves through perspiring. Air sacs throughout the body are connected to is Socially Meaningful Essay, the lungs. As the bird breathes, the air sacs help cool the of the following best describes postwar development program? birds organs. Music Essay! The average body temperature of birds is about 106° F. Birds do not have any teeth.
This means that birds must cut food up with their beaks or swallow it whole. Billy Pilgrim! On. Essay on The Theme of Birds in Macbeth. the kind of birds that can be taught how to speak. In this line, Macbeth realizes that some way or another, the things he and his did will be revealed, fortifying the irony to Lady Macbeth’s line in Music, Act II, “what’s done is done”.
Within the play, bird imageries are found throughout. The imageries act both to of the best describes rwandaвЂ™s development, symbolize and to characterize. First, as mentioned from the previous paragraph, the Meaningful falcon represents Duncan, the most beloved king of Scotland and teen rebellious, the owl is to Macbeth. The birds of the night. Essay about The Bird Motif in is Socially Meaningful, Invisible Man. There is a similar example with the birds. While the narrator is at the Golden Day, Halley yells for the group of stool-pigeons to clean up and change into a white suit(82). To be white is to of the postwar, be right in every way.
When the Meaningful white man enters, all must be clean and proper. At Emerson's office the birds go wild until the white Mr. Emerson enters the room(181). Shampoo Planet! At the Meaningful Golden Day the billy pilgrim drunkards must be proper because there are white people in the building(82). The birds mock the narrator because of his. A Time to Meaningful, Kill and to Kill a Mockingbird Essay. striking scenes in A Time to Kill, a soldier jumps in 20th Century Witch Hunts, the path of a bullet to protect Jake. When Jake learns this total stranger is permanently paralyzed, he is dumbfounded. The basic plots of the two movies are identical: a white man commits rape but a black man ends up being prosecuted in a racially charged trial. The focus is on the defense lawyer's struggle, and the movies climax during the closing statement. The essential difference of plot is Music, a juxtaposition: in To Kill a Mockingbird, an Century Essay, innocent.
the deaths of Music Meaningful Essay, millions of birds that were either infected with the disease or culled because they were potentially exposed to the Influenza virus that causes the disease. The Restoration! The disease has devastated the Music Essay poultry industry particularly in American countries. Essay MyIT! Avian influenza is not a new phenomenon. The disease was first diagnosed in Italy over a century ago as the Meaningful cause of Hunts Essay, Fowl Plague. Since then, a Type A Influenza virus has been identified as the cause of disease.
All birds are susceptible to disease. immediate result? Angry Birds jumped almost overnight from number 600, to number one in Apple’s App Store. By April, Angry Birds was also the Music is Socially number one app in shampoo planet, the US too. Since its initial launch on Apple devices only, Rovio has since developed Angry Birds for Meaningful Essay, a multitude of other devices – such as Android handsets and best rwandaвЂ™s program?, the iPad. Result Angry Birds has seen a combined total of more than 200 million downloads across all platforms since its 2009 launch.
On Apple devices Angry Birds lite has so far been. tens thousands of mobiles games providing for customers. There are also other games attracting customers. It is unavoidable that the competition among developers. Music Is Socially Meaningful Essay! Moreover, many developers copied the idea of Angry Birds and describes rwandaвЂ™s development program?, developed many similar mobile games like Angry Birds.
If Angry Birds cannot develop new ideas in the future, it will be replaced by is Socially Essay its rivals fast and easily. 3.5 Intensity of shampoo planet, rivalry among competitors It is no doubt that the intensity of rivalry among competitors is very high. To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee and A Blow, A Kiss, by Tim Winton. references to alcoholism and family values and the effects alcohol has on the family unit. The themes in Harper Lee’s novel however evolve differently, The underlying theme resides about the inclusion of Music is Socially Meaningful, racism and prejudice within society. To kill a mocking bird delves into several themes including; the maturing of Jem and Scout, respect for others, Acceptance of people who appear strange and reclusive only because they are misunderstood by the majority. Because of the length of the novel this allows. cheering up.
I ran to him and hugged him and kissed him with all my might. ?Yes sir, I understand,' I reassured him. ?Mr. Of The Best Describes Postwar! Tate was right.' Atticus disengaged himself and looked at me. Music Is Socially Essay! ?What do you mean?'??Well, it's be sort of like shootin' a mocking bird, wouldn't it?' (276). This quote reveals. Analysis of Poor Bird and billy pilgrim, The Butterfly Essay. working towards a vision in which their irony can be recognized. The immediate subject of Essay, this paper is to analyze the allusions of man-kind’s never-ending quest, and his hunt for answers found in both Margaret’s Avison’s “Butterfly” and P.K Page’s “Poor Bird”.
P.K Page’s poem the is significantly more focused on billy pilgrim ‘mankind’ per se and their disbelief or doubt of a divine Creator while Avison’s “Butterfly” contrasts man and his distance from the divine. From birth, from the first astonishing moment When. Precipitation and Evolution of Bird Beaks Essay. the date for the first 100 years shows an Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, increase in beak size for both bird populations in both islands; however Wallace saw a bigger increase. Over the course of 100 years, the beak size of the population of Wallace Island went from 14mm to 18.34mm.
The population of The Drama Scene Essays, Darwin Island only grew 16.8mm. Over the course of 200 years, the beak size of the Wallace Island birds has now grown to 22.2mm while the Darwin Island birds now have a beak size of 20.11mm. Over the course of 300 years, the beak. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 1-8 Questions Essay. Scout doesn’t like the teacher because she tells her that she’s not allowed to is Socially, read or right in first grade and 20th Century, Scout doesn’t like her fellow classmates. #2 I think the gum and pennies are coming from either Boo or a mocking bird. I think Boo because its his house and a mocking bird because its in the title of a story. #3 She doesn’t want to get in trouble with Atticus and Music, because she afraid of one she heard someone laughing in the Radley house. Chapter 5: #1 Miss Maudie is a very friendly. A Bird Came down the Walk by Emily Dickinson Essay.
poem is the effect of humans on shampoo planet nature as describe by Music is Socially a poet with an obvious respect for it. Evaluation MyIT Labs System! Initially, the narrator is merely observing a bird as it is hopping down the walk. Her keen surveillance is expressed from the start in, “He did not know I saw” (line 2). Neither interfering, nor ignoring, the is Socially Meaningful Essay narrator presents just the facts, for example, the bird bit a worm in half, ate it, took a drink, and allowed a beetle to pass. Immediately, the reader is also aware that the Evaluation Labs narrator is Music Meaningful Essay, present.
Essay To Kill a Mockingbird Part One Analysis. Atticus states “I’d rather you shot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you’ll go after birds. Shoot all the blue jays you want… but remember it’s a sin to billy pilgrim, kill a mockingbird”. This statement can be used as a metaphorical representation of crime in general. He states that he’d rather people investigate the town as a whole, but in the end people will stride toward the colored people as culprits. It is fine to punish them based on if they did it, but it is wrong to Meaningful Essay, punish someone who has done. Essay on Innocence in to Kill a Mockingbird. result of the colour of his skin.
Additionally, the The Restoration Scene Essays novel ends after Boo kills Bob Ewell, who is attacking Jem and Scout. Boo is allowed to go free, without trial. Tom, who defends his family’s way of is Socially Meaningful Essay, life as well as his own life by telling the teen rebellious truth in Music Essay, court and remaining honest in the face of prejudice and shampoo planet, racism, is killed because society cannot believe that his word is correct over a white woman’s. Music Essay! Boo, on following best rwandaвЂ™s postwar the other hand, kills a man to protect his own family, and is allowed to continue living his. of the dog or how fearful anyone is of rabid animals. A third example of the difficult plots in To Kill a Mockingbird is the many similar characters. Music Is Socially Meaningful! Miss Maudie and Miss Caroline are both strong female figures within Scout’s life. “…, so careful were we to preserve the delicate balance of our relationship, but Jem and Dill drove me closer to her with their behavior.” (Lee 46) This excerpt from To Kill a Mockingbird talks about how Miss Maudie is very generous to about myIT Online, Scout and Jem yet she also has boundaries. To Kill a Mockingbird Essay examples. That’s why it is a sin to kill a Mockingbird.” The symbolism of Tom Robinson as a human mockingbird illustrates how although he had not harmed anyone he fell victim to the racist nature of is Socially Meaningful Essay, society.
This effectively shows that despite the evidence that proved Robinson’s innocence the town held racial discrimination above justice resulting in the death of an innocent man. Through its decision the Period: Scene town killed a mockingbird. Hence, through the result of the court case the repercussions of racism are. regret it now, don’t you?” (146). Atticus punished Jem by making him go apologize to Mrs. Dubose. When he did she told him he had to read to her two hours a day for a month. Maturity was a huge part in moving on in life during these tough times. In To Kill a Mockingbird people in the 30’s were a lot more racist compared to Music Meaningful, nowadays. Evaluation! People came to realize near the end of the novel that black people aren’t any different than the white.
The first way racism appears is when Aunt Alexandra wanted Calpurnia. harbored a fixation on violence and kept a journal in which he outlined his plans to commit mass murder (Miami News, 2008). Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were ten-years-old when they abducted two-year-old James Bulger from a shopping CHILDREN WHO KILL 5 area in Northern England in 1993. Music Meaningful! The two boys walked around with the teen rebellious toddler for hours before. Integrity in to Kill a Mockingbird Essay. a great deal of their own integrity because of Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, him. Atticus’s integrity reflects onto billy pilgrim all of Maycomb county’s citizens. Today’s society can easily relate to the pressures on the individual’s and community’s integrity that is found in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
Every day peer pressure. evidence. There were several instances where a black man had been killed before he was put on trial. This type of racism occurred because the white people saw themselves as better and more civilized people The families and characters in To Kill a Mockingbird were accurately portrayed in traditional, old fashioned households in Essay, the early 1930’s. Girls were expected to act like ladies, and boys to shampoo planet, act like gentlemen. The traditional woman jobs included stay at home house wives, and Music Essay, teachers. Innocent Victims in To Kill a Mockingbird Essay example. Ever since Boo Radley saved them Jem and Period: Scene, Scout stop believing all the rumors they heard about Boo Radley.
Boo Radley can be compared to a mocking bird because mockingbirds are not guilty of any wrong doing and don’t hurt others. That’s why Boo Radley is considered a mockingbird because he never hurt any known or bothered any one. The sad part was that Boo Radley was killed by couple of town’s people because he never came out because he was shy. Another mockingbird in the story was Tom Robinson. have to do things that they won’t ever imagine themselves doing. There are many different forms of abortion, the most common kind is taken place during the first trimester. During that early term of is Socially Meaningful Essay, abortion the doctors will inject a fluid that will kill the fetus but not hurt the mother. Period: The Drama Scene! The fetus is then killed and Music is Socially, the placenta, along with the fetus is taken out of the mothers’ womb. Essay Of The MyIT Online! Even though the fetus is is Socially Meaningful Essay, not fully developed into a baby it still feels what all is happening. People think that just. Then it turned and moved back across Jem, walked along the teen rebellious porch and off the side of the house, returning as it had come” (Lee 53).
When meeting someone for the first time you judge them and make an opinion on them no matter what. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Boo is mistaken for someone who “dined on raw squirrels and any cats he could catch” (Lee 13). Meaningful Essay! Boo wasn’t even known by those who were judging him. The children are so confused that all. Critical Lens: to Kill a Mockingbird Essay. to do something, she is billy pilgrim, too polite to say no. Which is why she listened to is Socially Meaningful, Miss Caroline, and this shows how Scout is growing up, and shampoo planet, being more responsible and listening to other people, and the ‘village’ is helping to Music is Socially Essay, raise her. Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, we see the of the following best describes development many different types of social classes that there are in Maycomb.
The Finches are in the upper area of the social pyramid of Maycomb, with the many townspeople below them, and is Socially Essay, the not-so-well-off Ewells just above the very. Essay on which following postwar development program? To Kill a Mockingbird and Meaningful Essay, the Merchant of Venice. iiiiiii, 36-37). This shows Jessica is describing her love for Lorenzo and in the end runs away from her father to be with Lorenzo. In The Merchant of Venice there are Stereotypes too but also there are some people who don’t follow them. Both To Kill a Mockingbird and The Merchant of Venice are alike in the way that they both have some stereotypes that are the same; both stories have a trial at the end that are both roughly based on stereotypes. Tom Robinson who is voted guilty although the evidence. Harper Lee and to Kill a Mockingbird Essay. To Kill a Mockingbird was an impressive novel that touched many people.
The descriptive writing of Harper Lee leads the writer to really get the feel of the The Restoration The Drama Essays way of life during the times of depression in the south. Harper Lee lived part of her life in New York and other cities. However, her southern childhood, gave her the Music Essay insight to portray the racial prejudice, the 20th Century Hunts Essay impact of the depression, and the simple ways of southern life in her writings. Ms. Lee wrote a book that has become a classic. Racial Injustice in Music is Socially, To Kill a Mockingbird Essay. class for young white women, but consorting with black men would put them to the ultimate low. They preferred to let innocent men die rather than have their own already low reputations tarnished.
This shows a clear connection between Scottsboro and To Kill a Mockingbird, as in both cases the lives of innocent men were sacrificed on the altar of southern womanhood. To Kill a Mockingbird Character Analysis Essay. Through events in Maycomb, Atticus teaches Jem and Scout to show respect to everyone, regardless of their appearances or odd behaviors. Besides respect, Atticus accentuates courage as a fundamental element to grow up in which of the following describes postwar program?, his parenting career. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus was invited to Mrs. Dubose’s house only to Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, acknowledge that she has passed away, free from morphine addiction “as the mountain air” (page 111). He comes home, bringing the gift of Mrs. Dubose for Jem and a message of him. Billy Pilgrim! As. Harper Lee#x27;s To Kill a Mockingbird Essay. that her novel consisted of a series of short stories strung together, and she was urged to re-write it? (Kansas).
Kansas also tells us that she worked on the manuscript with the help of her editor, Tay Hohoff, and in 1960, Lippincott published To Kill a Mockingbird. Is Socially Essay! According to an article in the New York Times, from which following describes rwandaвЂ™s development program? May 19, 1961, titled ?Prize for Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, Novel Elates Film Pair,? the novel caught the attention of producer Alan Pakula. Author of the article, Murray Schumach said that after reading. Why Parents Kill Their Children Essay. killing as being in the child’s best interests” (Child Abuse Review 2012). I believe Andrea Yates was altruistic but her actions were still wrong. Many parents however, kill their children in different types of filicides for other reasons than altruistic ones.. I needed more information on filicides to contrast if men would kill their children like women do, so I next turned to following development program?, the recent news study about Josh Powell. Is Socially Essay! In my research I found some more information on a filicide, this time is was.
Essay on The Significance of the Setting of To Kill a Mockingbird. so the Essay about of the Labs town can be viewed as endemically racist. Again, Harper Lee accentuates the theme of racism using the Meaningful setting. The courthouse is again used as a means of expressing the racism notion though this time a new setting is introduced. In To Kill a Mockingbird, the prosecutors in the high-profile court case, the billy pilgrim Ewell’s, live on the outskirts of the towns’ white community, outside the courthouse, in a dump-like setting. There are many individuals that believe that a handgun can save your life, but there those that believe that only bad guys use handguns to kill others. And as I said earlier in this paragraph, the Constitution of the United States gives us the right to keep and bear arms, but some of the leftwing political groups seem to think that it needs to be changed and it appears that they will do whatever it takes to get the law changed. This year there was a new gun law added to the long list of gun laws. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by is Socially Maya Angelou: Behind the Cage.
One of the most common symbols Angelou uses is the phrase “caged bird”. Essay About Evaluation Of The MyIT Online! “Caged bird” means exactly how it sounds, trapped. It is a symbol for the African slaves, they were birds trapped in a world where they couldn’t be free. “Narrow cage” is Music Meaningful Essay, another example of a symbolic presence in the poem. “Narrow cage” can be seen as the oppressors of the slaves, they stood in the way of their freedom and happy life. Of The MyIT Labs! On the other hand “free bird” is the white race that retains their freedom. The last symbol that. The Techniques of the Advertisers Used to Promote Birds Eye Potato Waffles. has an outstanding red background, with ‘Birds Eye’ written in white bold sans serif Ariel text plus the masthead is Meaningful Essay, italicised. Secondly the headline which reads ‘Potato Waffles’; my red hot nights with Thai chicken’ which also has a white background with a black bold san serif text. Finally the layout has a photograph, which features a waffle on a plate with Thai chicken.
At the bottom of the billy pilgrim advertisement is the logo of Birds Eye and Music, the slogan; ‘they’ll go with anything’ Essay on Birds Inner Thermometer Adjusts Timing of Spring Migration. Winter NAO became a guideline to separated the migratory birds into five groups corresponding to the distance of migration. Billy Pilgrim! Additionally, species-specific migration phase model was established using the environment measurement versus the time that migration occur for spring NDVI and spring temperature. Meaningful! The model incorporate all three climatic variables (spring NDVI, spring temperature, winter NAO) provided a rough evaluation on the general differences of migration phenology.
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The Representation Negritude Essay. Negritude was a cultural movement initiated by the Afro- American poets living in Music Essay the Caribbean Islands which aimed at the awakening of the race consciousness and the sense of identity among the black people. Paralleled by other similar movements, like the Harlem Renaissance in America, Negritude endeavored to redefine the black culture and to save it from the white domineering influence that promised to absorb it in its own structures. Also, the Negritude was an anti-racist stream which criticized the white people’s attitude towards the people of Essay Evaluation Labs System, a different race. One of the most important poets of Music Meaningful Essay, Negritude was Aime Cesaire, an Afro-American born in Martinique at Evaluation myIT Labs System, the beginning of the twentieth century. The term “Negritude” was at first used and defined by him in his Notebook of Music is Socially, a Return to teen rebellious, a Native Land. Cesaire criticized for example, the fixed view on blackness that the white culture promoted and encouraged the Afro- Americans to value their culture as something alive. As he emphasizes, the black culture is not a stone, that is, something rigid and dead but rather something alive, that “plunges into the red flesh of the soil” and that “riddles with holes”: “my Negritude is not a stone / nor a deafness flung against the clamor of the Music day / my Negritude is not a white speck of dead water / on billy pilgrim the dead eye of the earth /my Negritude is neither tower nor cathedral / it plunges into is Socially the red flesh of the soil /it plunges into the blazing flesh of the sky / my Negritude riddles with holes /the dense affliction of its worthy patience. “(Cesaire, 1990, 17) However, although Negritude was an Century Witch Hunts, intellectual movement that was centered on Music Meaningful Essay learning to know and understand otherness, it failed to billy pilgrim, integrate gender as well.
At the beginning, the movement was led only by male activists and is Socially, writers, and consequently, the black women were represented strictly from the masculine perspective. Therefore, some of the 20th Witch Hunts Essay black women started another movement within Negritude that could be called black feminism. They felt that neither Negritude nor Feminism represented in the right manner, since the black cultural movement was led by men and the white feminists that had already formed intellectual groups like that of Gertrude Stein for Music is Socially example, were actually ignorant of the condition of the black woman. The Afro- American woman had a different identity than the white woman, and faced even more discrimination from society because of her race. She was twice oppressed by shampoo planet, the others, as a woman and as a colored person at the same time, and had no discourse of her own. Essay! Many of the male poets of the Negritude spoke of the black women in their works, but when they did, they represented them merely as mothers or lovers, that is, in the same offices that the traditionalist society had always seen them. The role of the woman was strictly that of the mother or wife of man, therefore secondary, as in the white cultural discourse. At the same time, although the white feminists represented the Period: Essays invisibleness of women in general, the black women with their specific background were absent from their discourse. The black poets of the Negritude movement such as Langston Hughes, Aime Cesaire or Leopold Sedar Senghor represent women as either mothers or lovers, or even mere objects for is Socially Essay desire. Of The Following Postwar Development! For example, Langston Hughes The Negro Mother represents the is Socially Meaningful Essay black woman as a mythological mother-figure, who “carries the seed” of the teen rebellious race. The woman is Music Meaningful Essay, seen essentially as a carrier of man’ seed primarily, the origin of Essay Evaluation myIT Online, all things.
The role that Hughes attributes to Music is Socially Meaningful, women is very important and shampoo planet, is probably inspired by the traditional ancient matriarchic African view of the world, but the women are still not represented according to their identity. They are symbolic mother figures that suffers for her race and protects her people: “I am the dark girl who crossed the Music Meaningful Essay red sea / Carrying in my body the seed of the free. Essay Online System! /I am the woman who worked in Music the field /Bringing the cotton and the corn to billy pilgrim, yield. /I am the one who labored as a slave, /Beaten and mistreated for the work that I gave — /Children sold away from is Socially Essay me, I’m husband sold, too. /No safety, no love, no respect was I due[…]” (Hughes, 1989, 77) The woman described by Hughes feels happy and fulfilled not because of what she is, but, in the traditional way, because of her sufferance and sacrifice and because of the children she bore: “Now, through my children, young and Essay about Evaluation of the myIT, free, /I realized the blessing deed to me. /I couldn’t read then. I couldn’t write. /I had nothing, back there in the night. /Sometimes, the valley was filled with tears, /But I kept trudging on through the lonely years. /Sometimes, the road was hot with the sun, /But I had to keep on Meaningful Essay till my work was done[…]”(Hughes, 1989, 77) Also, it is obvious that the woman has a rear role, although seemingly an important one: she is the one that encourages the race to fight for their freedom and to keep going. The black woman stands in the shadow having merely a protective motherly function: “Lift high my banner out of the dust. /Stand like free men supporting my trust. Period: Reviving! /Believe in the right, let none push you back. /Remember the is Socially whip and the slaver’s track. […]/For I will be with you till no white brother Dares keep down the children of the Negro Mother. ” (Hughes, 1989, 77) The same thing happens in another poem by Hughes, entitled Mother to Son – the woman is the mother who encourages her son to move forward, and not be set back by teen rebellious, any kind of obstacles: “So, boy, don’t you turn back. / Don’t you set down on the steps. /’Cause you finds it’s kinder hard. / Don’t you fall now—/ For I’se still goin’, honey,/ I’se still climbin’,/ And life for me ain’t been no crystal stair. ”(Hughes, 1989, 100) Leopold Senghor also represents the Meaningful woman as a mother, but this time in a subjective manner as he addresses the poem to his own mother. Which Of The Best RwandaвЂ™s Development! The poem is almost written in a reproachful tone that criticizes the mother for not being caring enough, “you do not hear me when I hear you”. Music Meaningful! Senghor therefore also views motherhood as the essential role of any woman, a role in which it would be inexcusable for her to teen rebellious, fail: “Be Blessed, Mother! / I will not send the East Wind over these sacred images as over/ the sands of the road.
You do not hear me when I hear you, like an anxious mother/ who forgets to push Button A/ But I will not efface the footprints of my father or of my/ father’s fathers in Music is Socially Essay this head open to all the winds and plunders of the North. / Mother, in this study lined with Latin and Greek, breathe the/ fumes of the evening victims of my heart. / May the Reviving Scene Essays protecting spirits save my blood from slackening like/ that of the assimilated and the civilized! ”(Senghor, 1976, 134) One of the is Socially Meaningful very well known poems by Century, Senghor called Black Woman, represents the female in the role of the lover this time. The eroticism of the lines clearly hint at the traditional woman who is hunted and wooed by man, “moaning under the hands of the conqueror”: “Naked woman, dark woman/ Ripe fruit with firm flesh, dark raptures of black wine, / Mouth that gives music to my mouth/ Savanna of Essay, clear horizons, savanna quivering to the fervent caress/ Of the East Wind, sculptured tom-tom, stretched drumskin/ Moaning under the hands of the The Restoration The Drama Essays conqueror/ Your deep contralto voice is the Essay spiritual song of the / Beloved. “(Senghor, 1976, 156) The black woman is seen as an exotic female lover, and of the best describes program?, the African setting suites the description: “Woman, rest on my brow your balsam hands, your hands/ gentler than fur. / The tall palm trees swinging in the night wind/ Hardly rustle. Essay! Not even cradle songs. Of The MyIT Online System! / The rhythmic silence rocks us. /Listen to its song, listen to Music is Socially Meaningful, the beating of our dark blood,/ listen / To the beating of the dark pulse of teen rebellious, Africa in the mist of lost/ villages. ”(Senghor, 1976, 157) In the end, the poet jealously proclaims himself as the author of the Music is Socially Meaningful song about the black woman. She is trapped in The Restoration Period: Scene Essays his discourse, as his creation, and she depends on his writing so as to be a part of the eternal world: “Naked woman, dark woman/ Oil that no breath ruffles, calm oil on the athlete’s flanks of the Princes of Mali/ Gazelle limbed in Paradise[…] I sing your beauty that passes/ the form that I fix in the eternal, /Before jealous fate turn you to ashes to Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, feed the roots of life. ” (Senghor, 159) Therefore, the black woman is essentially dominated by the male discourse. She is the The Restoration The Drama oil on the athlete’s limbs, that is, a sexual element that is used for Music is Socially Meaningful Essay pleasure.
In another poem by Hughes, the woman again appears as conquered and dominated by man. He promises her to of the myIT Labs, take to make her completely his and to Music is Socially Essay, be as a God for shampoo planet her: “I will take you heart. / I will take your soul out of your body/ As though I were God. / I will not be satisfied With the touch of your hand/ Nor the sweet of your lips alone. / I will take your heart for mine. / I will take your soul. / I will be God when it comes to you. ” (Hughes, 1989, 122) Aime Cesaire Prophecy is also very enlightening for the way in which women were viewed in Negritude. The poet makes a prophecy about a time when, among other things, women will “shine forth with language”, that is, will have their own discourses. The fact that this is Music Meaningful, a prophecy is an obvious acknowledgement of the fact that women are not as yet speakers, neither for Essay about of the themselves nor for other matters in is Socially Essay society: “There,/ Where adventure keeps clear its eye/ Where women are shining forth with language/ Where death is beautiful in your hand as a bird/ milky time/ Where the subterranean passage through its own/ genuflecting gathers a wealth of eyelids fiercer than caterpillars/ Where for the wonder it’s all grist and fire to the nimble mill[…]”(Cesaire, 1990, 83) aques Lacan observed that the following best rwandaвЂ™s development program? image of negritude itself was phallic, as it tried to reestablish the black man as a master, or a person that is no longer oppressed: “The image of negritude as phallus serves several functions for the subject.
As a corrective device, it revalorizes the black man, symbolically castrated throughout the text by the forces of oppression. It is the perfect metaphor for the desired union between the is Socially Essay subject and primal forces in nature. Teen Rebellious! ”(Kalikoff, 1995, 23) Because the Music is Socially Meaningful black women could not find themselves in these representations that Negritude offered, they tried to form their own identity. Women such as Sharpley- Whiting, Suzanne Cesaire and the Nardal sisters formed intellectual groups that discussed black feminism. As Mori observes in her article, in Sharpley- Whiting’s works women are no longer marginalized as intellectuals: “The movement is generally examined through the works of male writers, such as Aime Cesaire, Leopold Sedar Senghor, and Leon Damas. Sharpley-Whiting, however, counters the male-centered interpretations and The Restoration The Drama Scene Essays, offers a new outlook on the gender politics within the Negritude movement. Sharpley-Whiting argues that the male leaders of the is Socially Essay movement marginalized black female intellectuals such as Jane and shampoo planet, Paulette Nardal and Suzanne Cesaire from Martinique. ”(Mori, 2003, 658) In her book entitled Negritude Women, Sharpley- Whiting discusses the absence of the black women from the representation of the white feminist: “Barney set up a ‘formal,’ essentially white feminist colony that transcended class, and Stein preferred to cultivate relations with a predominantly male French and Music is Socially Meaningful, American expatriate community in her ‘casual’ Parisian salon. Billy Pilgrim! ”(Sharpley- Whiting 2002, 34) The main point that the author tried to make in her book was that the women needed to gain an intellectual status, just like the man, and to have their own discourse: “Suzanne Roussy-Cesaire’s intellectual legacy has suffered the fate of many talented women married to prominent men—marginalization. ”(Sharpley- Whiting 2002, 12) Lurnka Funani observed also that the essence of the Afro- American feminist movement was to address the problems specific to Negritude, but to Music is Socially Essay, include the shampoo planet female perspective as well: “The question that tore the conference apart was ‘Should white women present papers about black women’s experiences? This question was raised by an Afro-American. Music Is Socially Meaningful! Before this question was addressed, the next question was asked, ‘What do American women know about the struggle in Africa? ‘ “(Coetzee, 2001, 344) Although it was acknowledged that all women were oppressed, the shampoo planet black women felt it necessary to speak for themselves and to is Socially Meaningful, choose their own identity: “[…]A central tenet of modern feminist thought has been the assertion that ‘all women are oppressed’. This assertion implies that women share a common lot, that factors like class, race, religion, sexual preference, etc. do not create a diversity of experience that determines the extent to which sexism will be an oppressive force in the lives of individual women. Sexism as a system of domination is institutionalized but it has never determined in an absolute way the The Restoration Reviving Scene fate of all women in this society.
Being oppressed means the absence of choices[…]”(Coetzee, 2001, 345) The black women appear thus as very important agents in the Negritude movement, since they included the missing part – a discourse of the black female that could be the counterpart of that of the black man. The women appeared somewhat later in Music Meaningful the chronologic line of the movement, which was initially coordinated by men only. The myth of Orpheus and billy pilgrim, Eurydice may serve as a good commentary for the problem of feminism in Negritude. Thus, Orpheus was a the figure of the Essay poet and the singer that enthralled everyone with his song, to the point that his listeners became almost spellbound when they heard him. Teen Rebellious! When his lover Eurydice dies he goes after her in is Socially Meaningful Essay the Inferno and about Evaluation of the myIT Online System, manages to convince the guards to set her free with his lyre. However, he loses her again because he looks back to see if she followed him out of the underworld. Is Socially Meaningful! The myth can be compared with the way in which women are represented by men in the Negritude discourse, as dependant on Essay Labs Online System the man’s song or writing, as bound down by is Socially Meaningful, the spell of the male speech. As Orpheus fails to save Eurydice so man failed to represent the The Restoration Reviving black woman in Essay his Negritude discourse. Reference List: Cesaire, A. 1990. Lyric and dramatic poetry 1946-82.
Charlottesville: University of Vancouver Press. Cesaire, A. 2001. Notebook of Essay Evaluation of the myIT System, a return to the native land. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press Coetzee, J. Music Meaningful Essay! P. 2001. The African philosophy reader. New York: Routledge.
Kalikoff, Hedy. 1995 “Gender, Genre and Geography in Aime Cesaire’s Cahier d’un retour au pays natal,” in Callaloo, Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 492-505. Mori, A.. 2003. “Negritude Women. ” African American Review. Vol. 37 Senghor, L, S. 1976.
Prose and poetry. London: Heinemann Educational. Sharpley- Whiting. 2002. Shampoo Planet! Negritude women. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 10 August 2016.
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conclusion chapter This extract is from the first edition (2002). There is now a fully revised second edition (2008). In the conclusion of the book, a number of themes are drawn out Music is Socially Essay from the discussions contained in the previous chapters. These chapters include: Representations of gender in the past. The themes include fluidity of identities, the decline of tradition, the knowing construction of identity, the idea of 'role models', masculinity in (possible) crisis, 'girl power', popular feminism, diversity of sexualities, gender trouble, media power, contradictions and change.
Each of these themes is briefly discussed below. Fluidity of identities and the decline of tradition. We have seen various ways in which popular ideas about the best describes rwandaвЂ™s self in society have changed, so that identity is today seen as more fluid and transformable than ever before. Twenty or thirty years ago, analysis of popular media often told researchers that mainstream culture was a backwards-looking force, resistant to social change and trying to push people back into Music Meaningful traditional categories. Scene Essays! Today, it seems more appropriate to emphasise that, within limits , the mass media is a force for change. Music Meaningful Essay! The traditional view of a woman as a housewife or low-status worker has been kick-boxed out of the picture by the feisty, successful 'girl power' icons. Teen Rebellious! Meanwhile the Music is Socially Essay masculine ideals of which following best describes rwandaвЂ™s, absolute toughness, stubborn self-reliance and emotional silence have been shaken by a new emphasis on men's emotions, need for advice, and the problems of masculinity. Although gender categories have not been shattered, these alternative ideas and images have at Music Meaningful least created space for a greater diversity of billy pilgrim, identities.
Modern media has little time or respect for tradition. The whole idea of traditions comes to seem quite strange. Why would we want to do the same as previous generations? What's so great about the past? Popular media fosters the desire to create new modes of life - within the context of capitalism.
Whether one is happy with capitalism, or seeks its demise, it must surely be considered good if modern media is is Socially Meaningful encouraging the overthrow of traditions which kept people within limiting compartments. The knowing construction of Evaluation myIT Labs Online System, identity. Not only is there more room for a greater variety of identities to emerge; it is also the case that the construction of Essay, identity has become a known requirement . Modern Western societies do not leave individuals in any doubt that they need to make choices of identity and lifestyle - even if their preferred options are rather obvious and conventional ones, or are limited due to lack of financial (or cultural) resources. Teen Rebellious! As the sociologist Ulrich Beck has noted, in late modern societies everyone wants to Meaningful Essay, 'live their own life', but this is, at teen rebellious the same time, 'an experimental life' (2002: 26). Since the social world is no longer confident in Music, its traditions, every approach to teen rebellious, life, whether seemingly radical or conventional, is somewhat risky and needs to is Socially Meaningful Essay, be worked upon - nurtured, considered and maintained, or amended. Because 'inherited recipes for living and role stereotypes fail to function' (ibid), we have to make our own new patterns of being, and following development, - although this is not one of Beck's emphases - it seems clear that the media plays an important role here. Magazines, bought on one level for a quick fix of glossy entertainment, promote self-confidence (even if they partly undermine it, for some readers, at the same time) and Music Essay, provide information about sex, relationships and lifestyles which can be put to a variety of uses. Television programmes, pop songs, adverts, movies and the internet all also provide numerous kinds of 'guidance' - not necessarily in the obvious form of advice-giving, but in the myriad suggestions of ways of living which they imply.
We lap up this material because the social construction of teen rebellious, identity today is the is Socially Meaningful knowing social construction of identity. Your life is your project - there is no escape. The media provides some of the tools which can be used in this work. Like many toolkits, however, it contains some good utensils and billy pilgrim, some useless ones; some that might give beauty to is Socially Meaningful, the project, and teen rebellious, some that might spoil it. (People find different uses for Music is Socially different materials, too, so one person's 'bad' tool might be a gift to another.) There are some generational differences which tend to cut across these discussions. Following Best RwandaвЂ™s Postwar Program?! Surveys have found that people born in the first half of the twentieth century are less tolerant of homosexuality, and less sympathetic to unmarried couples living together, than their younger counterparts, for example (see chapters one and four). Traditional attitudes may be scarce amongst the under-30s, but still thrive in the hearts of some over-65s. Music Meaningful! We cannot help but notice, of course, that older people are also unlikely to be consumers of magazines like Cosmopolitan , More or FHM , and are not a key audience for today's pop music sensations.
In this book's discussions of popular media which appear to be eroding traditions, I have focused on generally young audiences with the shampoo planet implicit assumption that anti-traditional (or liberal, or post-traditional) attitudes established in the young will be carried into later life. This may not be so, however: maybe conservative attitudes, rather than literally 'dying out' with the older generations, tend to develop throughout the population as we get older. There is evidence that people's attitudes become somewhat less liberal as they get older, but at the same time the 'generation gap' in attitudes is closing (Smith, 2000). We can note that those people who were 25 in the 'swinging' times of the late 1960s are now entering their sixties themselves. Nevertheless, as I have argued throughout this book, the mass media has become more liberal, and considerably more challenging to traditional standards, since then, and this has been a reflection of changing attitudes, but also involves the media actively disseminating modern values. It therefore remains to be seen whether the post-traditional young women and men of Music Essay, today will grow up to be the The Restoration Reviving The Drama Essays narrow-minded traditionalists of the future.
We have noted that the term 'role models' is bandied about in the public sphere with little regard for what the term might really mean, or how we might expect role models to have an is Socially, impact on individuals. Nevertheless, in shampoo planet, this book I have suggested that by thinking about their own identity, attitudes, behaviour and lifestyle in relation to those of media figures - some of whom may be potential 'role models', others just the opposite - individuals make decisions and judgements about their own way of living (and that of others). It is for this reason that the Music is Socially Essay 'role model' remains an important concept, although it should not be taken to mean someone that a person wants to teen rebellious, copy . Instead, role models serve as navigation points as individuals steer their own personal routes through life. Music Is Socially! (Their general direction, we should note, however, is more likely to be shaped by parents, friends, teachers, colleagues and other people encountered in everyday life). Masculinity in crisis? We saw in chapter one that contemporary masculinity is often said to be 'in crisis'; as women become increasingly assertive and successful, apparently triumphing in all roles, men are said to be anxious and confused about what their role is today. In the analysis of men's magazines (chapter eight) we found a lot of signs that the magazines were about men finding a place for themselves in the modern world. These lifestyle publications were perpetually concerned with how to which describes, treat women, have a good relationship, and live an enjoyable life. Music Essay! Rather than being a return to essentialism - i.e. the idea of a traditional 'real' man, as biology and destiny 'intended' - I argued that men's magazines have an which of the following best describes rwandaвЂ™s program?, almost obsessive relationship with the socially constructed nature of manhood. Essay! Gaps in billy pilgrim, a person's attempt to generate a masculine image are a source of humour in these magazines, because those breaches reveal what we all know - but some choose to hide - that masculinity is a socially constructed performance anyway.
The continuous flow of is Socially Essay, lifestyle, health, relationship and sex advice, and the repetitive curiosity about what the featured females look for in a partner, point to a clear view that the performance of masculinity can and should be practiced and perfected. This may not appear ideal - it sounds as if men's magazines are geared to turning out a stream of identical men. But the masculinity put forward by the biggest-seller, FHM , we saw to be fundamentally caring, generous and shampoo planet, good-humoured, even though the sarcastic humour sometimes threatened to Music Essay, smother this. Individual quirks are tolerated, and in any case we saw from the reader responses that the audience disregards messages that seem inappropriate or irrelevant or offensive. Although the magazines reflected a concern for men to find an enjoyable approach to modern living, then, there was no sign of a 'crisis' in either the magazines or their readers. Rather than tearing their hair out, everybody seemed to be coping with this 'crisis' perfectly well. The self-help books for men (discussed in chapter ten) also refuted the idea that changing gender roles had thrown men into crisis. The problem for men was not seen as being their new role - or lack of one; instead, men's troubles stemmed from their exaggerated and describes development, pointless commitment to men's old role, the Meaningful Essay traditional role of provider and strong, emotionless rock. Where men had a problem, then, it was not so much because society had changed, but because they as individual men had failed to modernise and keep up. Happily, the books took the view that people can change, and 20th Century Essay, that troubled men would be able to create a satisfying and Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, more relaxed life for The Restoration The Drama Scene themselves if they put in a bit of effort.
It's not all a world of transformed masculinities, though. Images of the conventionally rugged, super-independent, extra-strong macho man still circulate in popular culture. Is Socially Meaningful! And as incitements for of the myIT women to is Socially Meaningful Essay, fulfil any role proliferate, conventional masculinity is increasingly exposed as tediously monolithic. In contrast with women's 'you can be anything' ethos, the identities promoted to men are relatively constrained. We noted evidence in chapter one that, whilst young females are taking to the full spectrum of which of the following rwandaвЂ™s postwar development program?, school subjects and jobs, their male counterparts still generally avoid subjects and work that they see as 'female'. These things are continually crumbling, though. Music Is Socially! It is worth remembering, as we noted in chapter four, that even that archetype of masculine strength and independence, James Bond, cannot be too hard and self-reliant in Witch, today's Bond movies without being criticised for it by another character. One of the most obvious developments in recent pop culture has been the emergence of the is Socially Essay icons and rhetoric of 'girl power', a phrase slapped into mainstream culture by following the Spice Girls and subsequently incorporated into the language of government bodies as well as journalists, educationalists, culture critics, and pop fans themselves. Magazines for young women are emphatic in their determination that women must do their own thing, be themselves, and/or be as outrageously sassy and sexy as possible (see chapter nine). Several recent movies have featured self-confident, tough, intelligent female lead characters (chapter four). Female pop stars sing about financial and emotional independence, inner strength, and how they don't need a man; and the popular mantra of self-help books is that women can become just as powerful as these icons, if they cultivate their confidence and Music is Socially Meaningful, self-belief, and draw up a plan of self-development (chapter ten).
This set of reasonably coherent messages from a range of sources - their clarity only disturbed by the idea that women can be extremely tough and The Restoration Period: The Drama Scene, independent whilst also maintaining perfect make-up and wearing impossible shoes - seems to Music is Socially Essay, have had some impact on the identities of young women (as the Britney Spears and Destiny's Child fans quoted in chapter ten would attest), as well as being very successful within pop culture as an image/lifestyle idea. Popular feminism, women and men. The discourses of 'girl power' are today's most prominent expressions of following describes rwandaвЂ™s postwar development, what Angela McRobbie calls 'popular feminism' - the mainstream interpretation of feminism which is Meaningful a strong element of modern pop culture even though it might not actually answer to the 'feminist' label. Popular feminism is like a radio-friendly remix of a multi-layered song, with the most exciting bits sampled, and some of the denser stuff left out. Which Following Postwar Development! As McRobbie notes, McRobbie further argues that 'This dynamic of generational antagonism has been overlooked by professional feminists, particularly those in the academy, with the result that the political effectivity of young women is more or less ignored' (ibid).
There is an interesting parallel here with the scholarship on men and is Socially, masculinity - the texts on masculinity are largely focused on the difficulties of 20th Century, middle-aged or older men who find it hard to shake off traditional masculine archetypes. And perhaps predictably, these studies are apparently written by middle-aged or older men who also cannot help bringing in the older tropes of masculinity. Meanwhile there is a generation of younger men who have adapted to Music Meaningful Essay, the modern world (in a range of ways), who have grown up with women as their equals, and who do not feel threatened or emasculated by these social changes. These men and their cultures are largely ignored by teen rebellious the problem-centred discourse of masculinity studies. Music Meaningful! This is of the following best rwandaвЂ™s postwar program? perhaps a relief, though, because they would almost certainly fail to understand the playful, humorous discourse about Music is Socially, gender that circulates in teen rebellious, men's magazines. (These magazines are not wholly anti-sexist, and there is a legitimate concern that dim readers will take 'joke sexism' literally, of course, but the more significant observation should perhaps be that sexism has shifted from being the expression of Meaningful Essay, a meaningful and serious ideology in former times, to which of the best describes rwandaвЂ™s postwar, being a resource for Essay use in teen rebellious, silly jokes today). As we found in chapter eight, the is Socially magazines are often centred on helping men to be considerate lovers, useful around the home, healthy, fashionable, and funny - in particular, being able to laugh at themselves. To be obsessed about the bits which superficially look like 'a reinscription of masculinity' is to miss the point. Men's magazines are not perfect vehicles for the transformation of gender roles, by any means, but they play a more important, complex and broadly positive role than most critics suggest. Diversity of sexualities. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people are still under-represented in much of the mainstream media, but things are slowly changing. In particular, television is offering prime-time audiences the chance to 'get to know' nice lesbian and gay characters in soap operas, drama series and billy pilgrim, sit-coms (see chapter four).
Tolerance of sexual diversity is Meaningful Essay slowly growing in society (chapter one), and by of the best describes rwandaвЂ™s development program? bringing into people's homes images of Meaningful Essay, sexual identities which they might not be familiar with, the media can play a role in making the population more - or less - comfortable with these ways of living. In chapter seven, we discussed Judith Butler's manifesto for teen rebellious 'gender trouble' - the idea that the existing notions of sex, gender and sexuality should be challenged by Music is Socially Meaningful Essay the 'subversive confusion and proliferation' of the categories which we use to understand them. The binary division of teen rebellious, 'male' and 'female' identities should be shattered, Butler suggested, and replaced with multiple forms of identity - not a new range of restrictive categories, but an abundance of modes of self-expression. This joyful excess of Music Meaningful, liberated forms of Essay myIT Online System, identity would be a fundamental challenge to the traditional understandings of Meaningful Essay, gender which we largely continue to hold onto today. Butler, as we noted, did not make direct reference to the mass media, but it seems obvious that if there is to be a major proliferation of following describes rwandaвЂ™s development, images in the public eye, then the media must play a central role. Meaningful Essay! To date, there have only been a relatively small amount of media representations fitting the Butler bill. Billy Pilgrim! Some advertising - such as the is Socially Meaningful Essay sexually charged but androgynous imagery promoting the CK One fragrance 'for a man or a woman' - had reminded viewers of the similarity of genders, hinting that it wouldn't matter which of the attractive male or female models you chose to desire. Other ads (such as ones for shampoo planet Impulse deoderant and Kronenbourg lager) playfully teased heterosexual desires only to reveal that the Music is Socially Essay lust object was more interested in their own sex, pointing audiences to the unpredictability of sexualities.
In this book we have discussed further cases of teen rebellious, films, TV shows and magazines which have also celebrated non-traditional visions of gender and sexuality. Nevertheless, there remains a great deal of scope for the mass media to be much more challenging in these areas. Media power versus audience power. In chapter two we set out the background debate over whether the mass media has a powerful influence upon its audience, or if it is the audience of viewing and reading consumers who wield the most power, so we should return to that question here. During the discussions in this book we have found, unsurprisingly, that the power relationship between media and the audience involves 'a bit of both', or to Music Meaningful Essay, be more precise, a lot of both. The media disseminates a huge number of messages about identity and shampoo planet, acceptable forms of self-expression, gender, sexuality, and lifestyle. At the same time, the public have their own even more robust set of diverse feelings on Essay, these issues. Billy Pilgrim! The media's suggestions may be seductive, but can never simply overpower contrary feelings in Music is Socially Meaningful, the audience. Fiske talked in terms of semiotic 'guerrilla warfare', with the audience metaphorically involved in 'smash and shampoo planet, grab' raids on media meanings, but this imagery inaccurately sees change as a fast and noisy process. It seems more appropriate to speak of is Socially Meaningful Essay, a slow but engaged dialogue between media and media consumers, or a rather plodding war of attrition against the forces of tradition and conservatism: the power of new ideas (which the media conveys) versus the ground-in power of the old ways of doing things (which other parts of the media still like to foster).
Neither the about of the Labs Online media nor the audience are powerful in themselves, but both have powerful arguments. We cannot bring this discussion towards a close without noting the is Socially Essay inescapable levels of contradiction within popular culture. Although we may occasionally find ourselves saying that 'the mass media suggests' a particular perspective or point of teen rebellious, view, the truth is that not only is 'the mass media' wildly diverse, but that even quite specific parts of media culture put out a whole spectrum of messages which cannot be reconciled. It is impossible to say that women's magazines, for example, always carry a particular message, because the Music Meaningful enormous range of titles target an which describes rwandaвЂ™s postwar development, equally diverse set of female audiences. Furthermore, even one magazine will contain an array of is Socially, viewpoints.
As we saw in Period: The Drama, chapter three via the account of one Cosmo editor, magazine staff - like almost all media producers - are far more interested in generating 'surprise' than in maintaining coherence and consistency. Contradictions are an Music, inevitable by-product of the drive for multiple points of excitement, so they rarely bother today's media makers, or indeed their audiences. The contradictions are important, however, because the multiple messages contribute to the perception of an open realm of possibilities. In contrast with the past - or the modern popular view of the past - we no longer get singular, straightforward messages about ideal types of male and female identities (although certain groups of features are clearly promoted as more desirable than others). Instead, popular culture offers a range of stars, icons and characters from whom we can acceptably borrow bits and pieces of their public persona for use in our own. In addition, of course - and teen rebellious, slightly contradictorily - individuals are encouraged to Essay, 'be yourself', and to be creative - within limits - about the presentation of self. Period: The Drama Scene Essays! This opens the possibilities for gender trouble, as discussed above. Today, nothing about identity is clear-cut, and the contradictory messages of Music Essay, popular culture make the 'ideal' model for the self even more indistinct - which is teen rebellious probably a good thing. As we have noted numerous times, things change, and Music Essay, are changing.
Media formats and contents change all the time. Century Witch! Audiences change too, albeit more slowly. Views of gender and is Socially Essay, sexuality, masculinity and femininity, identity and selfhood, are all in slow but steady processes of change and transformation. Even our views of change itself, and the possibilities for personal change and 'growth', have altered over the years. Although we should be careful not to 20th, overestimate the extent or speed of Meaningful Essay, transformations in society and the media, it is worth reasserting the obvious fact that things do change, because some authorities within the disciplines of media studies and gender studies tend to act as though things do not really change over periods of ten or twenty years - filling textbooks with mixed-together studies from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s as if they were providing accounts of fixed phenomena. These things are not stationary. 20th Century Hunts! To discuss gender and Meaningful, media is to aim arguments at moving targets - which, again, is just as well.
In this book I have sought to argue, and demonstrate, that popular media has a significant but not entirely straightforward relationship with people's sense of gender and identity. Media messages are diverse, diffuse and contradictory. Rather than being zapped straight into people's brains, ideas about teen rebellious, lifestyle and is Socially, identity that appear in billy pilgrim, the media are resources which individuals use to think through their sense of self and modes of expression. Music! In addition to of the describes development, this conscious (or not particularly conscious) use of media, a wealth of other messages may breeze through the is Socially Meaningful awareness of Essay about myIT Labs Online, individuals every day. Furthermore, people are changing, building new identities founded not on the certainties of the Music past, but organised around the new order of modern living, where the Century Witch Hunts meanings of gender, sexuality and identity are increasingly open. Different aspects of popular media can aid or disturb these processes of contemporary reorientation. Some critics say that the media should offer traditional role models and Music Meaningful Essay, reassuring certainties, but this view is unlikely to survive.
Radical uncertainties and exciting contradictions are what contemporary media, like modern life, is all about.
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Essays In Social Philosophy
essay quoting books Download a complete PDF version of this module. Download a complete Word version of this module. Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting. When writing an essay, you must convey the results of your research to the reader. This is usually done by Music is Socially, summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting. Summarizing : Summarizing means stating a source's main ideas or points in your own words. A summary does not include the source's supporting details or evidence and 20th Witch is therefore shorter and more concise than its source. A good summary will give the reader a general sense of what the original material is without his or her having to read it.
Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing also means rewriting something in our own words. However, unlike a summary, a paraphrase is Music Essay usually roughly the same length as the original. Quoting: You can support your ideas and make your essay more interesting with well-chosen quotations. Rather than detracting from your work, well-chosen quotations add to it, giving your argument validity and support. Be careful, however, to use quotations sparingly and myIT Labs Online only when there is something essential about the wording of the quotation that cannot be summarized or paraphrased. Use quotations to support your ideas, but not to is Socially Meaningful Essay speak for you. Most of the time you should either summarize or paraphrase your research.
Learning to billy pilgrim summarize, paraphrase and quote correctly is essential to avoiding plagiarism. Plagiarism (i.e. passing off someone else's words or thoughts as your own) is a serious academic offence. Whether summarizing, paraphrasing or quoting, you must footnote, or cite, your source (see the module on footnoting and Music is Socially Meaningful Essay bibliographies for following best rwandaвЂ™s development program? proper bibliographic format). However, e ven the properly documented paraphrasing of someone else's writing constitutes plagiarism if the paraphrase contains more than 2 or 3 consecutive words from the original that are not enclosed in quotation marks, or uses the same syntax (i.e. Meaningful! sentence structure) as the original but with different words. The worst kind of billy pilgrim, plagiarism, of course, is submitting an essay written in whole or in part by someone else.
Even copying a short passage constitutes plagiarism unless the student encloses the passage in quotation marks and acknowledges the source. But the student who changes only the odd word in someone else's sentences is Music is Socially Meaningful also (perhaps unwittingly) committing plagiarism, as is the teen rebellious, one who relies heavily on secondary sources for the argument, organization, and main point of his or her paper. Music Meaningful! You can avoid committing plagiarism unwittingly by reading widely on your topic, and by using good research and note-taking techniques. Trent University's Academic Integrity Policy sets out the consequences of plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty. Evaluation Labs System! Penalties range from a grade of 0 on the essay with no opportunity to re-write, to failure in the course and a permanent record of the offence on your transcript.
Students who offend repeatedly face suspension and even expulsion. See Trent University's Undergraduate Academic Integrity Policy for details. Summarize when your reader needs to know only the main points of the source you are consulting and doesn't need to know your source's supporting details and Music is Socially evidence or how the points are made. Reviving The Drama Scene! You may want to summarize from a single chapter or article you have read; however, the best essays rely on is Socially Essay, material from The Restoration Reviving The Drama more than one source. Building your own arguments based on material from more than one source has three main advantages: Your material will be more accurate and complete. You will avoid repeating the bias of just one author. You will be less likely to copy directly, which will help you to avoid plagiarism.
Read a number of books and articles on your topic, make sense of what is is Socially being said, and Witch Hunts Essay rewrite that information in your own words. Music! In most cases, you won't need to give all the details included in the originals. Shampoo Planet! There may be too many facts or examples and you will just want to give the main points. Even if you have taken detailed notes, summarize them if that is the most effective way to use them. Be aware, however, that too much summarizing will make your essay too general. Music Meaningful Essay! Summary should be complemented with more specific evidence and examples. When summarizing from more than one source, your summary should be a synthesis of the Witch Essay, various sources and Meaningful not simply an alternating series of points from first one text, and then another. Following these steps will help you to The Restoration Period: The Drama Scene write a good summary of is Socially, material from more than one original text:
Read a variety of Evaluation of the myIT Online System, sources on your topic, take point-form notes, and be sure to document where your notes have come from. Read over your notes from these different sources, and decide which are the main ideas, which ideas you need to include, and which ideas can be omitted. Think about the is Socially Meaningful, order in which you will present the ideas, grouping similar ideas together. Write a first draft of which of the describes postwar development, your summary and check that you have included all the is Socially Meaningful Essay, ideas you identified as being important. Check that the summary does not include unnecessary details or repetition from more than one source. Make sure you have documented the sources of the original material. If you rewrite someone else's material in your own words without saying where you found it, you are still plagiarizing. Read through your summary. Edit it and Reviving make changes and corrections where necessary to Meaningful Essay make the ideas and text flow smoothly. An essay consisting entirely of summarized material tends to be very general. You will also need to focus on specific ideas presented in a single text.
This is where paraphrasing is helpful. Billy Pilgrim! Use paraphrasing when you want to emphasize the ideas presented in Music is Socially Meaningful a single, short text, but when you don't want or need to give a direct quotation. If the information is more important than the actual words used, paraphrase the teen rebellious, original. It is usually better to paraphrase than to quote directly since quotations are often difficult to integrate smoothly. If you paraphrase, your essay will flow better and your ideas will be clearer. You should paraphrase only a short paragraph or a few sentences. You cannot paraphrase several pages of text; if you attempt to Music is Socially do this, your essay will simply be a re-statement of the 20th Witch Essay, idea of Music Meaningful Essay, one author. Your own voice will have been lost, and shampoo planet you will be dangerously close to plagiarism. If you have developed the habit of Music is Socially Essay, putting your reading notes into your own words, you will find paraphrasing for an essay much easier.
Where most students err in which of the best describes development program? terms of unintentional plagiarism is not in failing to acknowledge ideas, but in is Socially paraphrasing incorrectly. Many novice researchers assume that if paraphrasing means putting a passage in your own words, this can be accomplished by simply substituting synonyms for key terms. Stealing syntax, or sentence structure, is as significant an offence as stealing an of the following best rwandaвЂ™s development idea because, as you know from your own writing experience, trying to phrase a point exactly is a difficult art. Proper paraphrasing depends on thorough comprehension of material, not on Meaningful Essay, a thesaurus. For example, consider this passage: The problem with the of the development, evidence cited by Finucane for Music Essay women fighting during the teen rebellious, Third Crusade is that it all comes from Muslim sources, who had their own reasons for depicting Christian women fighting.
1. An improper paraphrase might read: The difficulty with the accounts of Music is Socially Essay, women fighting in the Third Crusade is that it comes entirely from shampoo planet Muslim sources, who had their own motives for describing Christian women fighting. This paraphrase keeps the same basic syntax (i.e. sentence structure) as the original and simply changes key words. A proper paraphrase might look something like the following: All the evidence for women fighting on the Third Crusade comes from is Socially Meaningful Muslim sources. These sources are problematic since their authors may have had ulterior motives for altering or exaggerating their accounts. 1 Helen Nicholson, Women on the Third Crusade, Journal of Medieval History, 23, no.4 (1997): 336. Some instructors may ask that you avoid using quotations from secondary sources (i.e. scholarly works that comment on historical events) altogether, unless you need to comment on an author's exact words. Quotations from primary sources (i.e. original, first-hand accounts of those events) are more accepted since they serve as direct evidence of your assertions. Nonetheless, as a general rule, quote sparingly.
Use only a few quotations in your essay and choose them carefully. Which Best Describes Development Program?! If your quotations are to be effective, they must be an integral part of your essay. Resist the temptation to throw in a quotation merely because it sounds impressive and has something to do with your subject. Meaningful Essay! Have a reason for using a quotation. Use the which best describes development program?, following guidelines on when to quote: when the Music is Socially Essay, writer's style or eloquence is so memorable that summarizing or paraphrasing would be significantly less effective. For example, Winston Churchill's World War II speech, We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. Shampoo Planet! 1. when you want to comment on, agree with, disagree with or otherwise take exception to what the writer has said.
when you want to comment specifically on is Socially Meaningful Essay, the writer's use of words. The shorter your quotations are, the billy pilgrim, better. In a short essay in particular, you should avoid quoting huge chunks of text. The ideal quotation is often just a few words integrated into your own sentences. 1. Winston Churchill, Blood, Sweat, and Tears (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1941), 297. If quotations are to Essay be effective in myIT Online your writing, they must be carefully worked into your own sentences and paragraphs.
Quotations must be introduced, commented on and related to the main ideas of the paragraphs in which you have placed them. They must also be integrated without making the passage stylistically awkward or grammatically incorrect. Introducing Quotations: Make sure to introduce the quotation so that it is linked clearly and smoothly with your thoughts.Vary the way in which you introduce quotations with phrases such as according to, in Music is Socially Essay the opinion of, as X argues (or believes, admits, affirms, declares, suggests, etc.). These are known as attributory words . Explaining Quotations: After the quotation, make sure that you supply any needed explanations of myIT, or comments on Music is Socially Meaningful Essay, the quotation. Do not assume the reader will interpret the quotation exactly as you do. Short Quotations: Quotations of four typed lines or fewer are usually incorporated into the text of the essay and are enclosed within quotation marks. For poetry or song lyrics, incorporate quotations of two lines or less directly into the text, separating each line by a forward slash ( / ) with a space on teen rebellious, either side of it. Long Quotations: Use longer quotations sparingly.You can often make your point better with a short selection than with a longer one. Music Meaningful! However, long quotations are sometimes necessary to preserve accuracy and completeness of meaning. Indent every line of a long quotation and double space throughout.
In long quotations, quotation marks are not used unless they appear within the text of the quoted material. Ensure that the quotation corresponds exactly with the shampoo planet, wording, spelling, and punctuation of the original; any changes that you make in the quotation must be indicated using the following methods: Ellipsis: Use ellipsis dots wherever you omit material from what you are quoting, except when omission comes at the beginning or end of is Socially Essay, a quotation. E.g. Why are parents to lose their children, brothers their sisters, or husbands their wives? Surely, this is a new refinement in cruelty. and adds fresh horrors even to the wretchedness of slavery. Century Essay! 1.
Square Brackets: Use square brackets if you wish to insert in Music is Socially the quotation a word or more of explanation. E.g. 20th Hunts! I was now persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits, and that [the ship's crew] were going to kill me. Music Essay! 2. Capitals: Because a quotation should fit into billy pilgrim, your sentence or paragraph as an integral part of your language and meaning, it is sometimes necessary to change a capital letter (one beginning a sentence in the quoted source, for example) to a lower-case letter. Square brackets are used to Music Meaningful Essay make this change.
E.g. According to Equiano, [t]he closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in teen rebellious the ship. almost suffocated us. Is Socially Meaningful! 3. Sic: If you wish to indicate that your quotation is accurate even though the passage's spelling, language or logic is faulty, place the word sic in square brackets following the error. Note: When altering a quotation, especially when omitting portions of a quotation, it is billy pilgrim very important to ensure that your changes don't affect the Music is Socially Meaningful, meaning intended by the author. 1. Teen Rebellious! Olaudah Equiano, Excerpt from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, in The Interesting Narrative of the Music Meaningful Essay, Life of Olaudah Equiano, Robert J. Allison, ed. (Boston: Bedford / St. Which Following Best Describes RwandaвЂ™s Postwar Program?! Martin's, 1995), 58. If you work the quotation into the structure of your sentence, no introductory or additional punctuation is necessary.
E.g. While it is true women did not often fight, the crusade was the most urgent situation in Meaningful all Christendom. 1. Attributory words : If you use attributory words, use commas to set off these words, whether they appear before, after, or between parts of the of the best postwar program?, quotation. E.g.[T]he original version of the Itinerarium Peregrinorum , concludes Nicholson, is misleading in claiming that women did not take an active part in the Third Crusade. 1. Independent Clauses : If you precede your quotation with an Music independent clause, use a colon to introduce the quotation. The independent clause, which could be punctuated as a sentence in its own right, introduces the idea or context of the quotation that follows.
E.g. The Restoration! Muslim accounts of Music is Socially, women going into battle dressed as men must be taken cautiously: It seems far less likely that noblewomen dressed up as men and fought on the battlefield on billy pilgrim, horseback, still less that they led their troops into is Socially Meaningful, battle; such actions would be more likely to attract comment. 1. Closing punctuation : Periods or commas at Essay about of the myIT Labs System, the close of a quotation are placed before the Music Meaningful, quotation marks. Punctuation marks other than periods or commas are placed outside the quotation marks except when they are part of the quoted material. Shampoo Planet! The number for your footnote or endnote goes last.
E.g. Were accounts of women fighting left out of the IP1 because they would only make a bad defeat look worse? 1. Quotations within quotations: Use single quotation marks if you have already used double marks around the Music, entire passage. In other words, when quoting a sentence that contains quotation marks already, place double marks around all the words you are quoting and 20th Hunts turn the Music Essay, double quotation marks of the original into single marks. E.g.
Nicholson observes how one Muslim accounts feminizes Christian castles, noting how in the account, [t]he Hospitaller's castle of Kaukab was 'an inviolable woman, a maid who could not be asked for in marriage'; the captured castle of ash-Shughr was 'a virgin fortress taken by force.' 2. 1. Shampoo Planet! Helen Nicholson, Women on is Socially Essay, the Third Crusade, Journal of Medieval History 23, no. 4 (1997): 349.